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1.
Cureus ; 14(12):e32301, 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-2203390

ABSTRACT

Objective The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic prompted major changes to the delivery of care. There was a move towards remote consultations in order to mitigate the risk of viral exposure and the risk of delaying care. Remote consultations will play a prominent role within the National Health Service (NHS) in the future. This project aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of remote consultations relative to face-to-face (F2F) consultations. Methods A local retrospective audit of remote consultations in ENT was performed by comparing outcome data for video and telephone appointments during the first peak of the pandemic to outcomes for F2F consultations during the same months of the preceding year. Chi-square tests were employed to determine whether there was any statistically significant discrepancy between the two modalities. Results Outcomes from a total of 314 patient consultations were reviewed. One hundred and fifty-four patients were male, and 160 were female;111 patient consultations were conducted F2F, and 203 remotely (101 via telephone and 102 via video). There was no statistically significant difference detected between remote and F2F groups for rates of investigation, listing for theatre, referral to other specialties, and initiating treatment. Patients reviewed remotely were less likely to be discharged than those reviewed F2F (p=<0.001). Comparing the two remote modalities, telephone patients were more likely to undergo investigation than patients reviewed over video (p = 0.031). Conclusions Remote consultations were an effective and reliable resource for maintaining a high standard of care during the COVID-19 pandemic. Our findings suggest that remote consultations will prove a valuable tool for clinicians in the remobilisation of health services in the post-pandemic era.

2.
Digital Health ; 8, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2195661

ABSTRACT

Introduction COVID-19 pandemic has put a strain on various aspects of hospital management due to high rates of infection and increased preventive measures around the world. Physicians and patients alike are susceptible to the ongoing virus causing concern leading to loss or postpone of follow up. Thailand has just start integration of digital solutions such as telemedicine which expected similar level of medical care and efficiency while reducing risk of exposure during the COVID-19 pandemic. Objective Evaluation the willingness to accept telemedicine in otorhinolaryngology patients during the peak COVID-19 outbreaks in our institution. Methods Collected data from all patients who had a schedule follow up for otorhinolaryngology department between the months of June to August, 2021 at out-patient Center. Results Total of 299 otorhinolaryngology patients included, 213 patients (71.2%) denied a virtual medical visit whereas 86 patients (28.8%) accepted. The obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) was the only group to have more acceptance of telemedicine, 79.5% than denying 20.5% with statistical significance (p < 0.01). Age difference between the accepting and declining group also showed statistical significance, 48.5 years and 56 years respectively (p < 0.01). Main Reasons for their decision, 48% of patients accepted due to experiencing clinical improvement and stability. The main reason for not accepting telemedicine was 80% of patients preferred a special otorhinolaryngologic examination on follow up. Conclusions This primary surveys among Thai otorhinolaryngology patients about telemedicine. The greater number of patients not interested in telemedicine due to requirement of otorhinolaryngologic examination. Which OSA follow-up patients have more attention in telemedicine.

3.
Journal of Laryngology and Otology ; 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2185307

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the readability and quality of current online information on Bell's palsy. Methods A Google search using the terms 'Bell's palsy' and 'facial palsy' was performed separately. The first three pages of results for each search engine were analysed. Readability was assessed using Flesch-Kincaid Reading Ease Score (FRES), Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level (FKGL), the Gunning-Fog Index (GFI), and Simple Measure of Gobbledygook formula (SMOG). Quality was assessed using the DISCERN tool. Spearman's correlation between quality and readability was calculated. Results A total of 31 websites met the inclusion criteria. The mean FRES, FKGL, GFI, and SMOG scores were 52.45 (95% CI 47.01-57.86), 10.50 (95% CI 9.42-11.58), 12.76 (95% CI 11.68-13.85), and 9.36 (95% CI 8.52-10.20), respectively. The average DISCERN score was 44 (95% CI 40.88-47.12). A negligible correlation was noted between the DISCERN and FRES (rs=-0.05, p=0.80). Conclusion Online information on Bell's palsy is generally of fair quality but written above the recommended reading age guidance in the United Kingdom. Copyright © 2022 Cambridge University Press. All rights reserved.

4.
American Journal of Otolaryngology ; : 103791, 2023.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2176120

ABSTRACT

Purpose Synchronous virtual care rapidly expanded worldwide amid the COVID-19 pandemic to provide remote medical assessment, minimizing contact and disease transmission risk. Despite its benefits, such an abrupt expansion has shed light on the need to address patients' level of satisfaction with this service delivery. The purpose of this study was to investigate patients' satisfaction, travel cost, productivity loss, and CO2 emissions involved with synchronous virtual care and in-person assessments in rhinology and sleep apnea clinics. Materials and methods This prospective comparative study included patients managed via virtual care, or in-person clinic visit at St. Joseph Hospital, London, Canada, from December/2020 to April/2021, with rhinology pathologies or sleep apnoea. Patient satisfaction questionnaire (PSQ-18) scores were assessed. The overall scores of respondents were recorded including cost implications. Results A total of 329 patients were invited, 28.5 % responded (n = 93). 33 virtual care (age 48 ± 6), and 60 in-person (age 51 ± 19). There was no statistical significance in PSQ-18 scores. However, under a diagnosis-based subgroup analysis, allergic rhinitis patients on virtual care presented a significantly lower PSQ-18 scores on the general satisfaction (3.28 vs. 4.25, p = 0.04). The time spent with the doctor was directly correlated with age for patients seen in-person (r = 0.27;p = 0.037). The estimated loss of productivity for the Virtual care group was CAD 12, patients assessed in-person presented an average loss of productivity about six times higher (CAD 74 ± 40). Conclusions Overall patients' satisfaction did not depend on whether they were seen virtually or in-person. However, time spent with the doctor contributed to higher satisfaction levels, but only among older patients who were seen in person. Nonetheless, allergic rhinitis patients seemed less satisfied with the virtual care option. Virtual care demonstrates economic benefits.

5.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol ; : 1-9, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2174114

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To establish a consensus protocol for telerehabilitation in speech therapy for voice disorders. METHODS: The study was conducted according to a modified Delphi method. Twenty speech therapist or laryngologist experts of the French Society of Phoniatrics and Laryngology assessed 24 statements of voice telerehabilitation with a 10-point visual analog scale ranging from 1 (totally disagree) to 10 (totally agree). The statements were accepted if more than 80% of the experts rated the item with a score of >/= 8/10. The statements with >/= 8/10 score by 60-80% of experts were improved and resubmitted to voting until they were validated or rejected. RESULTS: The French Society of Phoniatrics and Laryngology experts validated 10, 6, and 2 statements after the first, second and third voting round, respectively. Seven statements did not reach agreement threshold and were rejected. The validated statements included recommendations for setting (N = 4), medical/speech history (N = 2), subjective voice evaluations (N = 3), objective voice quality measurements (N = 3), and voice rehabilitation (N = 5). The experts agreed for a follow-up consisting of combined telerehabilitation and in-office rehabilitation. The final protocol may be applied in context of pandemic but could be assessed out of pandemic period for patients located in rural regions. CONCLUSIONS: This Delphi study established the first telerehabilitation protocol of the French Society of Phoniatrics and Laryngology for patients with voice disorders. Future controlled studies are needed to assess its feasibility, reliability, and the patient perception about telerehabilitation versus in-office rehabilitation.

6.
BMJ Case Rep ; 15(11)2022 Nov 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2161822

ABSTRACT

A man in his early 80s presented to the otorhinolaryngology department with progressively worsening dysphagia to solids and a recent episode of difficulty breathing accompanied by a very brief expulsion of a solid mass from the mouth. Based on the endoscopic appearance of a fatty lesion of an elongated mass with a thick stalk on the posterior pharyngeal wall, a diagnosis of the benign fibrovascular polyp was given after clinical and radiological correlation. The pharyngeal polyp was resected at the base of its pedicle by transoral endoscopy with a thunder beat vessel sealing device. Histopathological examination of the mass revealed a well-differentiated liposarcoma composed of mature adipocytes. Following surgical excision, the patient made a full recovery. This case signifies the integrated role of preoperative biopsy, new surgical technologies and targeted therapies in managing pharyngoesophageal polyps.


Subject(s)
Deglutition Disorders , Esophageal Neoplasms , Lipoma , Liposarcoma , Polyps , Male , Humans , Esophageal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Liposarcoma/diagnostic imaging , Liposarcoma/surgery , Polyps/pathology
7.
Indian Journal of Otolaryngology & Head & Neck Surgery ; : 1-7, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2158164

ABSTRACT

To study the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on journal processing times before publication in the field of otolaryngology-head and neck surgery (ORL-HNS). Online search of original papers published in selected ORL-HNS journals in terms of times from submission to acceptance (S-A), acceptance to first online publication (A-P), and submission to online publication (S-P). Papers were divided into those published in the pre-COVID-19 era and those during the COVID-19 era. The latter were further divided into unrelated to COVID-19 and related to COVID-19. A total of 487 articles from 5 selected ORL-HNS journals were included, of which 236 (48.5%) were published during the pre-COVID-19 era and 251 (51.5%) were published during the COVID-19 era. Among them, 180 (37%) papers were not related to COVID-19, and 71 (14.5%) were related to COVID-19. The S-A duration of COVID-19-related articles was significantly shorter compared to papers submitted in the pre-COVID-19 era and to papers submitted in the COVID-19 era but unrelated to COVID-19 (median 6–34 days compared to 65–125 and 46–127, respectively) in all 5 journals. The most prominent reductions in S-A and S-P times were documented in the laryngology and otology/neurotology disciplines, respectively. Processing times of the included papers were significantly shorter in most of the selected ORL-HNS journals during the COVID-19 era compared to the pre-COVID-19 era. COVID-19-related papers were processed more rapidly than non-COVID-19-related papers. These findings testify to the possibility of markedly expediting S-P times and hopefully set a precedent for post-pandemic publishing schedules. [ FROM AUTHOR]

8.
Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol ; : 34894221137273, 2022 Nov 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2138448

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic forced otolaryngologists to seek new methods of providing patient care in a remote setting. The effect of this paradigm shift on patient satisfaction, however, remains unelucidated. This study compares patient satisfaction with telehealth visits during the COVID-19 pandemic to that with in-office visits during the same period in 2019. METHODS: Press Ganey survey responses of patients seen by otolaryngologists within a large, academic, multicenter hospital system were gathered. Responses were included in analyses if they corresponded with a visit that occurred either in clinic March to December 2019 or via telehealth March to December 2020. Chi-Square Test of Independence and Fisher's Exact Test were employed to detect differences between years. Binary logistic regressions were performed to detect the factors most predictive of positive telehealth experiences. RESULTS: Patient overall satisfaction with in-office and telehealth visits did not differ significantly (76.4% in 2019 vs 78.0% in 2020 rated visit overall as "very good," P = .09). Patients seen by a Head and Neck (odds ratio 4.13, 95% confidence interval 1.52-11.26, P = .005), Laryngology (OR 5.96, 95% CI 1.51-23.50, P = .01), or Rhinology (OR 4.02, 95% CI 1.55-10.43, P = .004) provider were significantly more likely to report a positive telehealth experience. CONCLUSIONS: Patients seen via telehealth during COVID-19 reported levels of satisfaction similar to those seen in-office the year prior. These telehealth satisfaction levels, however, are contextualized within the expected confines of a pandemic. Further research is required to determine whether satisfaction remains consistent as telemedicine becomes a ubiquitous component of medical practice.

9.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 166(6): 1013-1021, 2022 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2115872

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus pandemic has illuminated long-standing inequities in America's health care system and societal structure. While numerous studies have identified health care disparities within our specialty, few have progressed beyond detection. Otolaryngologists have the opportunity and the responsibility to act. Within this article, leaders from otolaryngology share their experience and perspective on health care disparities, including (1) a discussion of disparities in otolaryngology, (2) a summary of health care system design and incentives, (3) an overview of implicit bias, and (4) practical recommendations for providers to advance their awareness of health care disparities and the actions to mitigate them. While the path forward can be daunting, it should not be a deterrent. Throughout the course of this article, numerous resources are provided to support these efforts. To move ahead, our specialty needs to advance our level of understanding and develop, implement, and disseminate successful interventions toward the goal of eliminating health care disparities.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections , Otolaryngology , Healthcare Disparities , Humans , Otolaryngologists , Pandemics/prevention & control
10.
Cureus ; 14(7): e26944, 2022 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2072148

ABSTRACT

Aim This study investigates the rate of non-attendance at ENT outpatient appointments in the post-COVID era and the effect of the 2021 Irish cyber-attack on non-attendance. Methods A retrospective review of the rates of non-attendance in a post-COVID pre-cyber-attack era wherein patients received an automated text message reminder about their appointment was compared to a post-cyber-attack era wherein the text message reminder system was disabled. In addition, these were compared with rates of non-attendance prior to when the reminder system was introduced. Three periods were compared, two weeks prior to the introduction of the text reminder system, two weeks pre-cyber-attack, and two weeks post-cyber-attack. Results Period 1 measured rates of non-attendance prior to the introduction of the text reminder system. Period 2 measured rates of non-attendance at outpatient appointments and consisted of nine clinic days, with two clinics per day. Period 3 similarly measured rates of non-attendance at outpatient appointments and consisted of 10 clinic days, with two clinics per day. The text reminder service was disabled during this collection period because of the cyber-attack. The average non-attendance rate was 16.99% for period 1, 13.00% for period 2, and 16.13% for period 3. A Fisher Exact Test was carried out on data with a p-value set at <0.05. Results reached statistical significance. Conclusion Our data shows non-attendance at ENT outpatient appointments increased without the text reminder system. Over two weeks after the attack, non-attendance increased by approximately 3%, which was statistically significant.

11.
OTO Open ; 6(3): 2473974X221119150, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2070659

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aims to assess trends in applicant-reported costs of the otolaryngology residency application process between 2019 and 2021 and evaluate the impact of application costs on number of interview offers. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: US allopathic and osteopathic medical schools. Methods: Survey data from applicants were obtained from the Texas STAR database (Seeking Transparency in Application to Residency) for the years 2019 to 2021. Outcomes included total cost, interview cost, other costs, application fees, and number of interview offers. Simple and multivariable linear regression was used to identify novel predictors of cost and assess the correlation between cost and interview offers. Results: Among 363 otolaryngology applicants, there was a 74% reduction in total costs and a 97% reduction in interview costs in the 2021 cycle vs the 2020 cycle. Significant predictors of total cost among otolaryngology applicants included the number of away rotations (P < .01), the number of research experiences (P = .04), and couples matching (P < .01). During the 2019 and 2020 application cycles, there was a significant association between applicant-reported total spending and number of otolaryngology interview offers (P < .01), which was not present during the 2021 cycle (P = .35). Conclusion: Number of otolaryngology interview offers appears to be directly correlated with applicant-reported total costs regardless of number of applications or interviews attended, which may be a source of inequality in the application process. There was a drastic reduction in total costs, interview costs, and other costs during the COVID-19 pandemic, which was likely driven by virtual interviewing and the absence of away rotations.

12.
Ear Nose Throat J ; : 1455613221124773, 2022 Oct 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2064468

ABSTRACT

In this paper, we described technique of platelet rich plasma injection into the olfactory cleft in a 22-year-old female with 24-month post-COVID-19 anosmia. The technique starts with the blood extraction and the isolation of PRP through a 10-min centrifugation. The supernatant was injected in nasal regions after a local anesthesia through a 0° rigid optic. Several points of .2-.5 mL were performed in the nasal septum in regard of the head of the middle turbine and in the head of the middle turbine in both sides. The baseline threshold, discrimination, and identification scores were 1, 8, and 0, and the Olfactory Disorder Questionnaire score was 51, respectively. The injection of PRP in olfactory cleft was done without complication and mild pain. The patient perception of recovery of smell sense occurred at 3-week post-injection. From this time, the smell sense progressively improved to the 2-month consultation. At 2-month post-injection, the TDI scores reached 16, 16, and 16 (48), while the Olfactory Disorder Questionnaire was 73. The injection of PRP into the olfactory cleft appears to be a safe and easiness new approach that may improve the recovery of smell sense. Future controlled studies are needed.

13.
Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol ; : 34894221129014, 2022 Oct 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2064432

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To assess use of and physician experiences with pediatric otolaryngology telehealth visits as impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Cross sectional survey. METHODS: A 15-question survey was electronically distributed to 656 members of the American Society of Pediatric Otolaryngology in August 2021, addressing member demographics, experiential practice elements, and use pre-pandemic, during the initial shutdown period of March-May 2020, and current use at the time of survey inquiry. RESULTS: There were 124 respondents (response rate = 18.9%). Incident use pre-pandemic and during the shutdown were 21.0% (n = 26), and 92.7% (n = 115), respectively. Current use was 83.9% (n = 104) and the percentage of new current users (79.5%, n = 78) was significant (P < .0001,95% CI = 70.6%-86.4%). Estimated median telehealth visit rates pre-pandemic, during shutdown, and currently were 0 to 1, 4 to 5, and 2 to 3 per week, respectively (P < .0001). A difference in post-covid adoption rates was noted only for location (P = .008), with no differences for years out of training or practice type. Compared to in-person visits, physician satisfaction with telehealth visits was rated equivalent (49.0%) or worse/much worse (48.1%). The most common telehealth uses were follow-up visits (83.7%), pre-operative counseling (76.9%), and post-operative evaluation (69.2%). The need for a detailed exam (89.4%) and initial visits (32.7%) were reasons a telehealth visit was not offered. CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 pandemic appears to have precipitated a rapid increase in telehealth adoption among surveyed pediatric otolaryngologists, regardless of age or practice type. The most significant limitations remain the need for a detailed exam, perceived low patient technological literacy, and limitations to interpretive services. Technology-based optimization of these barriers could lead to increased use and physician satisfaction.

14.
J Intern Med ; 2022 Aug 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2063842

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and recovery of olfactory dysfunction (OD) in COVID-19 patients 24 months after the infection. METHODS: From 22 March 2020 to 5 June 2022, 251 COVID-19 patients were followed in three European medical centres. Olfactory function was assessed with subjective patient-reported outcome questionnaires and odour identification tests at baseline, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months postinfection. The predictive values of epidemiological and clinical data were investigated with multivariate analysis. RESULTS: One hundred and seventy-one patients completed the evaluations. The odour identification test revealed that 123 patients (50.8%) had OD at baseline. The prevalence of persistent psychophysical abnormalities at 6, 12, 18 and 24 months post-COVID-19 was 24.2%, 17.9%, 5.8% and 2.9%, respectively (p = 0.001). Parosmia occurred in 40 patients (23.4%) and lasted 60 ± 119 days. At 2 years, 51 patients (29.8%) self reported that their olfaction was unnormalised. Older patients had better odour identification evaluations at baseline (p < 0.001) but those with OD reported lower odour identification test scores at the end of the follow-up. Parosmia occurred more frequently in young patients. The olfactory training was significantly associated with higher values of Sniffin' Sticks tests at 18 months postinfection (rs = 0.678; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Two years post-COVID-19, 29.8% of patients reported persistent OD, but only 2.9% had abnormal identification psychophysical evaluations.

15.
Otolaryngol Clin North Am ; 55(6): 1321-1335, 2022 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2061740

ABSTRACT

While the majority of the initial attention to symptomatic COVID-19 focused on adult patients as well as adult critical care and first responders, the pandemic drastically altered care throughout the entire health care industry. COVID-19 has had a profound effect on the treatment and care of pediatric patients within pediatric otolaryngology. The objective of this article is to highlight the unique ramifications of COVID-19 in general and its effect within pediatric otolaryngology, with a focus on the immediate and potential long-term shifts in practice. This article addresses several aspects of care within pediatric otolaryngology including safety, diagnosis, and treatment of COVID-19 detailing the unique effects of the pandemic on the pediatric otolaryngology specialty and opportunities.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Otolaryngology , Adult , Humans , Child , SARS-CoV-2 , Pandemics
17.
Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology ; : 1, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2047826

ABSTRACT

Objectives Methods Results Conclusion Level of evidence Telemedicine can improve access to pediatric otolaryngology care by decreasing travel time and cost, and lowering the risk of viral transmission during the SARS‐CoV‐2 (COVID‐19) pandemic. This study aims to identify the clinical role and outcomes of telemedicine for tracheostomy‐dependent children before and during the COVID‐19 pandemic.Retrospective chart review of 42 tracheostomy‐dependent pediatric patients who utilized telemedicine between October 2013 and April 2020 (pre‐COVID‐19), and 111 patients who utilized telemedicine between May 2020 and July 2021 (during COVID‐19) at a tertiary free‐standing children's hospital outpatient clinic.The majority of pre‐COVID‐19 telecommunication solely addressed tracheostomy stomal concerns as compared with during COVID‐19 (99% vs. 3%, p < .001), while telecommunication during COVID‐19 was mainly used for routine follow‐up as compared with pre‐COVID‐19 (99% vs. 0%, p < .001). Telemedicine visits during COVID‐19 were significantly less likely to result in the need for in‐person office visits as compared with those pre‐COVID‐19 (4% vs. 22%;p < .001). There was no significant difference in urgent emergency department (ED) evaluation following telemedicine pre‐ and during COVID‐19 (16% vs. 11%). The most common reasons for ED presentation both pre‐ and during COVID‐19 following telemedicine visit included respiratory distress, dislodged tracheostomy tube, and tracheostomy bleeding.The clinical role of telemedicine has evolved from problem‐based evaluation to routine follow‐up during the COVID‐19 pandemic. Although telemedicine can decrease the need for in‐person office evaluation of routine tracheostomy concerns, respiratory complications and tracheostomy bleeding still require urgent in‐person ED evaluation.Level 4. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology is the property of Wiley-Blackwell and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

18.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(19)2022 Sep 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2043705

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, COVID-19 has greatly influenced public healthcare systems around the globe in various aspects, including limitation of healthcare accessibility due to lack of both human and financial resources, suspension of clinics, and fear of infection causing healthcare avoidance. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of COVID-19 on access to healthcare for otorhinolaryngology patients from different socioeconomic status (SES) groups. Otorhinolaryngology patients' disease severity status, diagnosed at the first hospital visit, was investigated during the pre -and post-COVID-19 pandemic era in a single medical center located in Seoul, Korea. An ordinal regression model was used to assess the impact of both SES and the COVID-19 pandemic on otorhinolaryngology diseases. Within the chronic rhinosinusitis group, lower SES was associated with a higher disease severity at the first visit compared to higher SES (OR = 3.25). During the COVID-19 pandemic, while the total number of outpatients was reduced, the severity of these ENT diseases seemed to increase compared to the pre-pandemic severity in every SES group. Our study demonstrates the negative impact a worldwide pandemic can have on healthcare inequity and disease severity, and highlights the importance of re-allocating fundamental resources for those in need during periods of public health crisis.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Otolaryngology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Health Services Accessibility , Humans , Pandemics , Social Class
19.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol ; 2022 Sep 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2041277

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To investigate effectiveness of olfactory training (OT) in COVID-19 patients with persistent olfactory dysfunction (OD). METHODS: From March 2020 to March 2022, COVID-19 patients with OD were prospectively followed in three European medical centers for a period of 18 months. A standardized OT protocol were recommended to patients. Patient-reported outcome questionnaires and psychophysical evaluations were used to evaluate olfaction at baseline, 6, 12, and 18 months after the start of OT. The evolution of olfactory outcome was compared according to the adherence to the OT protocol. RESULTS: Fifty-seven patients completed the evaluations. Thirty-two patients fully adhered to the OT, while 25 did not adhere. The psychophysical scores significantly improved from baseline to 6-month post-infection in both groups. In the OT group, the psychophysical scores continued to significantly improve from 6 to 12 months after the start of OT (p = 0.032). The mean duration of OT was 15.4 weeks. The mean delay of patient recovery perception was comparable between groups (27.4 weeks). The occurrence of cacosmia (35.1%) and parosmia (43.9%) throughout the follow-up period was comparable between groups. There proportion of phantosmia was higher in training (34.4%) compared with no-OT (16.0%; p = 0.007) group. The baseline Sniffin'Sticks tests was positively associated with the 6-month Sniffin'Sticks tests (rs = 0.685; p < 0.001) and negatively associated with the time of recovery (rs = - 0.369; p = 0.034). CONCLUSIONS: The adherence to an OT protocol was associated with better mid-term improvement of psychophysical scores. Future large-cohort randomized-controlled studies are needed to confirm the effectiveness of OT in COVID-19 patients.

20.
Cureus ; 14(8): e27792, 2022 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2030309

ABSTRACT

Management with ventilation is used for severe cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). After extubation, recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis due to various factors may occur. Almost all cases of paralysis develop unilaterally; however, bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis occurs rarely. Such cases may be fatal due to upper air obstruction, and patients are forced to adhere to restrictions after a tracheotomy. The present case illustrates bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis that occurred 48 hours after withdrawal from the ventilator. A 75-year-old woman with a history of hypertension came to our hospital with a history of fever and cough for five days. She was diagnosed with pneumonia due to COVID-19 via polymerase chain reaction using her saliva, and ground-glass opacity was found in both lung fields on chest X-ray and computed tomography (CT). Mechanical ventilation, steroids, remdesivir, and baricitinib were administered. The patient's fever and oxygenation status improved with these treatments, and she was weaned from the ventilator on the eighth day of hospitalization. She had no symptoms immediately. However, 48 hours after extubation, bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis was suspected. Thus, oral intubation was immediately introduced and a tracheostomy was performed. Vocal cord movement disorders continued for eight weeks, and during that period, the patient displayed hoarseness and suffered from dysphagia. We considered that nerve disorders from severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), in addition to the compression by the endotracheal tube, caused bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis. The neural injury by SARS-CoV-2 may prolong and manifest as "Long COVID."

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