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1.
4th International Conference on Management Science and Industrial Engineering, MSIE 2022 ; : 29-37, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1973915

ABSTRACT

With the COVID-19 outbreak, there is an increasing focus on sports and fitness needs. Due to the need of epidemic prevention and control, fitness at home has gradually become a popular lifestyle. With the rapid development of smart phone application technology, artificial intelligence and Internet of Things, many enterprises have developed sports and fitness apps. These apps provide training courses for users, and customizes personalized training plans for them in combination with smart wearable devices. Keep App, a sports and fitness app developed by Keep Company, has the most users in China at present. It has created a technology platform for users to experience smart sports at home from multiple aspects, and has gained considerable income in operation. Taking Keep company as an example, this paper analyzes the marketing environment of the sports and fitness industry by using PEST model and Porter's Five Forces model, and puts forward optimization suggestions for Keep company's marketing strategy from the aspects of customer's need strategy, customer's cost strategy, convenience strategy and communication strategy by using 4C marketing theory. © 2022 ACM.

2.
Leadership and Organization Development Journal ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1973417

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The global pandemic has required organisational leaders to respond rapidly in a time of uncertainty. A specific challenge for leaders during the global pandemic is the salient and immediate threat to worker health and well-being. Unfortunately, the consequences of different leadership actions in this context are not well understood. By exploring the path from leader behaviour to employee well-being via experienced work characteristics, this study aims to provide a framework for better understanding pandemic threat and corresponding leadership impact. Design/methodology/approach: Two prevention-focused leadership strategies were explored: defend and adapt strategy. Two important work characteristics role clarity and workload were used to help explain the links between leadership strategies and well-being. Potential mediating pathways were tested in path analysis with Mplus (v7.4) based on 515 online survey responses. Findings: Different mediating pathways demonstrated complex associations between the constructs. Increases in the both prevention-focused leadership strategies were found associated with positive well-being by increasing employees' perceptions of leadership and by improving role clarity in the workplace. Notably, evidence also supported that increase in defend strategy was linked to reduced worker well-being through intensified workload. Originality/value: In times of uncertainty amidst the global COVID-19 pandemic, prevention-focused leadership is vital to engage the workforce and ensure compliance with safety procedures to avoid associated risks to worker health and organisational performance. This research focused on the rarely studied topic of prevention-focused leadership, and how prevention strategies were related to employee well-being. Based on the findings for prevention-focused defend and adapt strategies, this study suggested leadership practices that might shape employee well-being in a time of turbulence. © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited.

3.
Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society ; 11:S8-S8, 2022.
Article in English | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-1973201

ABSTRACT

Background Cytomegalovirus (CMV) seropositivity has a significant immunomodulating over the life course, both with respect to responses to infections and responses to vaccines. For example, influenza vaccine response is known from multivariate analyses to be reduced by CMV seropositivity in elderly individuals. In patients with COVID-19, evidence suggests there are interactions between SARS-CoV-2 and CMV. CMV seropositives may have more severe COVID disease, and patients recovering from COVID often reactivate latent CMV, leading to end-organ CMV disease. This study aimed to test two hypotheses: 1) that vectored vaccines based on attenuated arenaviruses demonstrate equivalent immunogenicity to adjuvanted protein subunit spike (S) vaccines in a guinea pig vaccine model;2) that CMV seropositivity impacts the immune response to S protein-based vaccines. Method Guinea pigs (n=3 per group) were vaccinated with a 2-dose series of an attenuated arenavirus (Pichinde virus) S protein-vectored vaccine by intranasal (IN;n=4) or intramuscular (IM) route at a dose of 1x10

4.
Journal of Loss & Trauma ; 27(6):585-587, 2022.
Article in English | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-1972944

ABSTRACT

In the article, the authors present their study which examined the demographic characteristics that are linked to depression, anxiety and professional quality of life subscales, including compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction. The research is a follow-up to the 2020 study on the mental health of Filipino teachers during the peak of the COVID-19 pandemic. The study focused on the anxiety and coping strategies of teachers from select provinces in Mindanao, Philippines.

5.
Pratiques en Nutrition ; 18(71):23-25, 2022.
Article in English, French | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1972284

ABSTRACT

Vitamin D modulates the secretion of antimicrobial peptides and anti-inflammatory cytokines and the activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. These effects may prevent the consequences of cytokine storm. Clinical studies show, taking into account potential confounding factors, that hypovitaminosis D may be an independent risk factor for severe Covid-19. Interventional data show that high-dose supplementation limits severe disease and improves, at least temporarily, the prognosis. © 2022 Elsevier Masson SAS La vitamine D module la sécrétion des peptides antimicrobiens et des cytokines anti-inflammatoires ainsi que l'activité du système rénine-angiotensine-aldostérone. Ces effets peuvent prévenir les conséquences de l'orage cytokinique. Les études cliniques montrent, en tenant compte des potentiels facteurs de confusion, que l'hypovitaminose D pourrait constituer un facteur de risque indépendant de forme grave de Covid-19. Quant aux données interventionnelles, elles rapportent que la supplémentation à forte dose limite les formes sévères de la maladie et en améliore, au moins transitoirement, le pronostic vital. © 2022 Elsevier Masson SAS

6.
Annals of Oncology ; 33(Suppl. 1):S18-S18, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1971952

ABSTRACT

Background: The outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has been associated with a disruption of all components of cancer care from screening, diagnosis, surveillance, treatment and clinical trial enrollment. Patients with cancer are considered a priority for SARS-CoV-2 vaccination. However, no data are available regarding patients with cancer enrolled in phase I trials and vaccination status.

7.
2nd International Civil Engineering and Architecture Conference, CEAC 2022 ; 279 LNCE:691-699, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1971641

ABSTRACT

In 2020, the COVID-19 epidemic broke out and since then civil engineering systems all over the world have been deeply influenced. The epidemic prevention policies directly made most of conventional works not feasible and new ways of working for civil system are needed like telecommuting and other remote technologies. In this paper, the approaches of system engineering are used to divide normal civil engineering system into many phases from the perspective of civil system development and list impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on each phase. The system analysis make us have a more comprehensive understanding of the problem in civil system and make it possible to optimize a specific phase in more targeted way. Moreover, in this way, we can not only comprehend the characteristics of every phase, but also clarify the relationships between them. © 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

8.
International Conference on Wireless Communications, Networking and Applications, WCNA 2021 ; 942 LNEE:95-103, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1971629

ABSTRACT

Under the situation of the normalization of the prevention and control of COVID-19, related online public opinion occurs from time to time. University administrators must grasp the right of online discourse to guide the direction of online public opinion and ensure the stability of campus order. This paper analyzes the necessity and feasibility of university administrators to grasp the right of online discourse from the basis of reality, compares two kinds of measures and their combinations through questionnaires and computer simulation experiments: publishing authoritative information and focusing on opinion leaders, argues the effectiveness of these two types of measures, and puts forward specific countermeasure suggestions on this basis. © 2022, The Author(s).

9.
Lecture Notes on Data Engineering and Communications Technologies ; 145:715-728, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1971543

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 broke out and spread rapidly, posing a great challenge to the emergency management capacity of various regions in China, especially in rural areas. This paper takes three communities in ShiYang town, Dujiangyan City, Sichuan Province as cases, to analyze the specific practice of rural response to public health emergencies, summarize different stages in epidemic prevention and control, and explore the difficulties and solutions in rural emergency management. Through the case analysis, it is found that the rural epidemic prevention and control in ShiYang Town have experienced four stages including exploration period, development period, improvement period, and maturity period. At the same time, there are some dilemmas in rural emergency management, such as the imperfect emergency management mechanism, insufficient resources guarantee, and villagers’ weak awareness of health and epidemic prevention. Therefore, the paper proposes such countermeasures suggestions as improving the emergency management mechanism of rural public health, optimizing the resources guarantee system for rural emergency management, strengthening the popularization of health education, providing theoretical and practical guidance for improving the level of rural emergency management, and then promoting the modernization of rural emergency management system and capacity. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

10.
10th International Workshop on Learning Technology for Education Challenges, LTEC 2022 ; 1595 CCIS:185-191, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1971452

ABSTRACT

Many Italian universities had numerous nursing students attending hospital wards for administrating anti SARS-COV 2/COVID-19 vaccines. The training of nursing students was necessary to facilitate good practices, disseminate knowledge about anti SARS-COV 2/COVID-19 vaccines. On 22 December 2021, the Italian National Institute of Health (NIH) created a course that aimed to promote the anti-SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 vaccination strategy in the country, providing the basic skills, tools and technical-scientific contents necessary to guarantee all phases of the vaccination campaign, including the safe administration of vaccines and counteract vaccination hesitation through the involvement and informed participation of health and social health personnel towards the population. The purpose of this paper was to describe the method used by the Sapienza University of Rome in delivering the Italian NIH course nursing students at Italian universities. The research group in charge of delivering the course decided to use the Google Classroom platform. From the 03/02/2022 to 25/03/2022, 3154 students from 46 Italian universities attended the course. This paper represents a clear advantage in the field of e-learning, not only because it describes an effective method for delivering a course to many students but also because it demonstrates how health professions students can be protected while allowing them to continue or restart internships in health facilities more safely and with more awareness. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

11.
Br J Nutr ; : 1-6, 2022 Aug 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1972481

ABSTRACT

Compared with an omnivorous Western diet, plant-based diets containing mostly fruits, vegetables, grains, legumes, nuts and seeds, with restricted amounts of foods of animal origin, are associated with reduced risk and severity of COVID-19. Additionally, inflammatory immune responses and severe acute respiratory symptoms of COVID-19, including pulmonary oedema, shortness of breath, fever and nasopharyngeal infections, are associated with Na toxicity from excessive dietary Na. High dietary Na is also associated with increased risks of diseases and conditions that are co-morbid with COVID-19, including chronic kidney disease, hypertension, stroke, diabetes and obesity. This article presents evidence that low dietary Na potentially mediates the association of plant-based diets with COVID-19 prevention. Processed meats and poultry injected with sodium chloride contribute considerable amounts of dietary Na in the Western diet, and the avoidance or reduction of these and other processed foods in whole-food plant-based (WFPB) diets could help lower overall dietary Na intake. Moreover, high amounts of K in plant-based diets increase urinary Na excretion, and preagricultural diets high in plant-based foods were estimated to contain much lower ratios of dietary Na to K compared with modern diets. Further research should investigate low Na in WFPB diets for protection against COVID-19 and co-morbid conditions.

12.
Enferm Intensiva ; 33: S31-S39, 2022 Sep.
Article in Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1972066

ABSTRACT

The Bacteraemia Zero (BZ) Project was the first of the Zero Projects to be implemented in Intensive Care Unit (ICU), achieving a decrease in catheter-related infection rates below those recommended by the quality standards of scientific societies. Following the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in ICU, a significant increase in these infection rates has been observed. Increase in infection rates and the need to incorporate the best available evidence into clinical practice justifies the need to update the recommendations of the BZ project. A working group formed by members of the different scientific societies considered that the mandatory measures of the project should not be modified due to its proven efficacy. In addition, this group decided to incorporate the following optional measures: use of catheters impregnated with antimicrobials, use of dressings impregnated with chlorhexidine, use of caps with an antiseptic solution in connectors, and daily body hygiene with chlorhexidine.

13.
J Cancer Educ ; 2022 Aug 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1971858

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cancer in Korean American (KA) women. In view of its high prevalence in these women, their low screening rates, and the cultural influence of BC risk factors in their lifestyles, we developed a community-based culturally tailored BC prevention program, the Korean Breast Cancer Risk Reduction Program (KBCRRP). Guided by the PRECEDE-PROCEDE and health belief models, the KBCRRP was developed to achieve four goals: (1) healthy weight, (2) physically active lifestyle, (3) healthy diet, and (4) BC screening and adherence. KBCRRP combines effective multicomponent strategies for BC screening and a group-based lifestyle intervention incorporating traditional Korean health beliefs and is tailored for BC risk reduction. In this paper, we provide an overview of the program, the process of program development, implementation, and evaluation, and modification during the COVID-19 pandemic. The initial program involved 8 weeks of in-person group education sessions led by interdisciplinary healthcare professionals and 16 weeks of follow-up involving smartphone applications, phone calls, and text messaging from trained lifestyle coaches. Participants received opportunities to obtain free mammography during the program. After feasibility testing, the program was modified by incorporating participants' feedback. During the COVID-19 pandemic, we provided the program using the Zoom video platform. Participants' recruitment and retention during the pandemic was successful, reflecting the fact that virtual delivery of group-based education was a feasible and acceptable alternative to in-person sessions. Collaboration with community organizations serving the target population is the key to developing and sustaining a successful community-based educational program.

14.
Inn Med (Heidelb) ; 63(8): 840-850, 2022 Aug.
Article in German | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1971659

ABSTRACT

There are currently no strategies available on how to deal with Long-COVID (COVID "coronavirus disease"). COVID-19 vaccination could be both a preemptive and a therapeutic option for the future. The evaluation of the available studies is complicated by varying definitions. There are, however, indications that (complete) COVID-19 vaccination is able not only to prevent symptomatic infection but also to reduce the risk of Long-COVID. In some patients with Long-COVID, symptoms are modified after (first and/or second) COVID-19 vaccination; however, there is no clear evidence for a real therapeutic effect on Long-COVID.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/therapeutic use , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccination
15.
AORN Journal ; 116(2):111-115, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1971229

ABSTRACT

In 2014, researchers estimated the hospital costs for one RSI to be approximately $70,000;2 and no dollar figure can be placed on the emotional effects of an RSI on surgical team members who pride themselves on providing excellent patient care. A RENEWED COMMITMENT The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic resulted in unprecedented stress on health care workers and affected patient safety efforts. A February 2022 editorial written by leaders of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention noted the decline of several patient safety metrics (eg, bloodstream infections, falls, pressure injuries) in both acute and postacute care settings during the pandemic.4 Now is the time for clinicians and administrators to renew their commitment to keeping patients safe from untoward events such as RSIs.

16.
Generations Journal ; 46(1):1-10, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1971005

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has made starkly clear that the public health system in the United States can significantly impact the health and well-being of older adults. Prior to the pandemic, healthy aging was not prioritized by public health agencies, despite the growing population of individuals ages 65 and older. Trust for America's Health, in partnership with The John A. Hartford Foundation, has been working to expand the public health role in healthy aging, as well as better coordinate with age-friendly movements, both of which have contributed to a more efficient and effective COVID-19 response.

17.
Veterinary Times ; 50(24):6-6, 2020.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1970949
18.
Generations Journal ; 46(1):1-5, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1970698

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic and its Delta, Omicron, Deltacron, and additional variants have upended reality and transformed society. Since tracking began in March 2020 through April 2022, there have been 80,476,479 COVID-19 cases and 986,123 deaths (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2022b)). From the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, researchers and health experts (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2022a,c)) named older populations and those with underlying medical conditions at increased risk for severity of COVID-19 and death but stopped short of acknowledging the racial and the ethnic disparities in those populations. According to Gawthrop at the AMP Research Lab, White people died from COVID-19 at a rate of 1:319 or 313 deaths per 100,000 people and Black people died from COVID-19 at a rate of 1:303 or 330 deaths per 100,000 people. [...]Section 3 centers on the social and behavioral impacts of the past 18 months by examining the mental health effects on older adults and intergenerational perspectives, evaluating the roles of racism and ageism in the ongoing pandemic response, and providing firsthand experiences of older adults.

20.
Routledge frontiers of criminal justice ; : xvi-xvi, 2022.
Article in English | Africa Wide Information | ID: covidwho-1970620

ABSTRACT

This book explores how social and territorial boundaries have influenced the approaches and practices of the South Africa Police Service (SAPS). By means of a historical analysis of South Africa, this book introduces a new concept, 'police frontierism', which illuminates the nature of the relationships between the police, policing and boundaries, and can potentially be used for future case study research. Drawing on a wealth of research, this book examines how social and territorial boundaries strongly influenced police practices and behaviour in South Africa, and how social delineations amplify and distort existing police prejudices against those communities on the other side of the boundary. Focusing on cases of high-density police operations, public-order policing and the recent policing of the COVID-19 lockdown, this book argues that poor economic conditions combined with an increased militarisation of the SAPS and a decline in public trust in the police will result in boundaries continuing to fundamentally inform police work in South Africa. This book will be of interest to scholars and students interested in policing in post-colonial societies characterised by high levels of violence, as well as police work and police militarization

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