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1.
J Prim Care Community Health ; 13: 21501319221134851, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2108670

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Our study aimed to describe the variation in the frequency of correct mask use among pedestrians in the first and second waves of the COVID-19 pandemic in high-flow indoor public spaces from different geographic and social settings in Peru. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional exploratory study among pedestrians in Lima (the capital city) and other coastal and highland cities in Peru. Pedestrians were directly observed by trained medical students in 2 high-flow indoor areas at different times in November 2020 (first wave) and October 2021 (second wave). Primary outcomes included the frequencies of mask use and correct use. We applied multinomial logistic models and estimated crude and adjusted relative prevalence ratios for sex, age, obesity, and location. Additionally, we used binomial generalized linear models to estimate prevalence ratios in crude and adjusted models. RESULTS: We included 1996 participants. The frequency of mask use was similar in both years: 96.9% in 2020 and 95.5% in 2021. However, the frequency of correct mask use significantly decreased from 81.9% (95% CI, 79.4-84.3) in 2020 to 60.3% (95% CI, 57.2-67.3) in 2021. In 2020, we observed an increase in the probability of misuse in the cities of Lima (aRP: 1.42; P = .021) and Chiclayo (aPR: 1.62, P = .001), whereas, in 2021, we noted an increase in the probability of misuse in the cities of Lima (aRP: 1.72; P < .001) and Piura (aPR: 1.44; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The correct mask use decreased during the second wave, although no significant overall variations were observed in mask use in pedestrians between both periods. Also, we found regional differences in correct mask use in both periods.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pedestrians , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Cross-Sectional Studies , Peru/epidemiology
2.
Rehabilitacion (Madr) ; 2022 Jun 30.
Article in Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2105840

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The COVID-19 pandemic has affected medical residency (MR) programs worldwide. However, few reports have focused on the MR of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R). Therefore, our objective was to describe the perceptions of PM&R residents in Peru about their MR during the COVID-19 pandemic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study. During June 2021, we sought to address all PM&R residents in Peru, using a virtual, anonymous and voluntary survey of 13 questions elaborated in Google Forms, which addressed their perception of RM. RESULTS: Of 142 PM&R residents in Peru, 60 (42.3%) responded to the survey. Among these, 21.7% considered that their residency training site (RTS) met little or nothing with the minimum requirements to be one, 50% that their RTS cared little or notthing for him/her since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, 35% that the physicians attending their RTS cared little or nothing about academics, and 71.7% that the lack of subspecialist physicians in PM&R greatly affects their training. In addition, 71.7% and 81.7% reported having learned little or nothing about musculoskeletal ultrasound and electrodiagnostic studies, respectively. Finally, 18.3% reported regretting to have chosen the specialty. CONCLUSIONS: We found an important negative perception about MR and a low self-perception of having learned about musculoskeletal ultrasound and electrodiagnostic studies. It is important to delve into the causes and look for alternatives to improve the training of PM&R residents.

3.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(21)2022 Oct 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2099495

ABSTRACT

The present study aims to analyze the prevalence of depressive symptoms and its sociodemographic-associated factors in Peruvian adults. Data was extracted from a nation-wide representative survey in which depression symptoms were measured with the PHQ-9 and sociodemographic information was extracted from household data. Depression severity rates were estimated for each symptom, and responses were modeled through the Rating Scale Model to obtain a depression measure used as dependent variable on a Generalized Mixed Linear Model. The most frequent depression symptoms were emotional, such as discouragement, sad mood, hopelessness, and lack of pleasure when doing activities. Our model showed that, after controlling the effects of all the variables considered, the most relevant predictors were gender, education level, physiographic region, age, marital status, and number of coresidents. Higher depression levels were found in women, people who did not complete higher education, participants living in the Highlands, older adults, single participants, and people living alone. Thus, interventions to promote or prevent depression severity during similar situations as the pandemic should focus on specific sociodemographic groups and their particular needs.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Female , Humans , Aged , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prevalence , Depression/epidemiology , Depression/psychology , Peru/epidemiology , Sociodemographic Factors , Socioeconomic Factors , Anxiety/epidemiology
4.
Rev. Cuerpo Méd. Hosp. Nac. Almanzor Aguinaga Asenjo ; 15(2): 308-309, Abr. 01, 2022.
Article in Spanish | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-2101015

ABSTRACT

Señor editor: La infección por SARS-CoV-2 ha ocasionado gran impacto en todo el mundo estimándose en más de 439 millones de casos y más de 5,9 millones de muertes. El Perú ha sido uno de los países en donde la mortalidad de su población ha descrito cifras muy elevadas llegando hasta una tasa de letalidad de 9.14%. Iquitos ha sido una de las ciudades más afectadas desde el inicio de la pandemia en el Perú, en donde se describió una seroprevalencia COVID-19 de 70% una de las más altas reportadas después de la primera ola pandémica de COVID-19. Es de esperar que esta seroprevalencia haya aumentado luego de la segunda ola. La duración de la inmunidad frente al SARS-CoV-2 ya sea por infección previa o por vacunación efectiva continúa siendo una de las interrogantes más importantes, en ese contexto, reportamos 4 casos de reinfecciones confirmadas en Iquitos Perú.


Dear Editor: SARS-CoV-2 infection has caused great impact worldwide, estimated at more than 439 million cases and more than 5.9 million deaths. Peru has been one of the countries where the mortality of its population has described very high figures reaching a case fatality rate of 9.14%. Iquitos has been one of the most affected cities since the beginning of the pandemic in Peru, where a COVID-19 seroprevalence of 70% was described, one of the highest reported after the first COVID-19 pandemic wave. It is to be expected that this seroprevalence has increased after the second wave. The duration of immunity against SARS-CoV-2 either by previous infection or by effective vaccination continues to be one of the most important questions, in that context, we report 4 cases of confirm reinfections in Iquitos Peru.

5.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 1296, 2022 Oct 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2098341

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In the current pandemic context, dental professionals have greater occupational risks due to their healthcare activity, placing their expectations on the vaccine as a means of protection and at the same time hoping that the immunization process will be safe, reliable and comfortable, giving them greater peace of mind when they return to work. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to develop and provide a preliminary validation of a scale to measure perception of the COVID-19 vaccination process in Peruvian dental professionals. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with instrumental design. The scale was self-administered virtually. It was distributed through social networks to 220 dental professionals from two universities in the Peruvian capital between June and August 2021. The Aiken V was used for content analysis, while descriptive statistics such as mean, variance, kurtosis and skewness were used for construct validation, in addition to Pearson's correlation matrix for analysis of the 18 items. Subsequently, a Parallel Analysis based on minimum rank factor analysis was performed. Finally, the reliability of the total scale and its dimensions was evaluated with Cronbach's alpha. RESULTS: The Aiken V coefficient values were favorable for all items. Parallel analysis indicated the existence of three dimensions. Principal component analysis with rotation suggested grouping eight items for the first dimension, six items for the second dimension and four items for the third dimension. These dimensions showed good reliability, as Cronbach's alpha was 0.87, (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.84-0.90), 0.80 (95% CI: 0.75-0.84) and 0.82 (95% CI: 0.78-0.86), respectively. In addition, the overall reliability of the scale was 0.89 (95% CI: 0.86-0.91), being acceptable. CONCLUSIONS: The perception scale of the COVID-19 vaccination process in dental professionals proved preliminarily to be a valid and reliable scale that can be used for research purposes. However, it is recommended to extend its application and evaluate its metric properties in other health professionals.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Humans , Psychometrics , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires , Cross-Sectional Studies , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Peru/epidemiology , Perception , Dentists , Vaccination
6.
Int J Med Inform ; 169: 104913, 2022 Nov 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2095483

ABSTRACT

Nowadays it is necessary to strengthen health information systems and data-based solutions. However, there are few graduate training programs in Peru to use tools and methods of data science applied in public health. This article describes the development process and the initial assessment regarding the experience of the participants in an international multidisciplinary diploma in data intelligence for pandemics and epidemics preparedness, which was carried out from January to May 2021. The diploma was structured in 7 modules and 40 Peruvian professionals participated, of which 11 (27.5%) were women, and 16 (40%) came from regions outside of Lima and Callao. We discussed the need to strengthen institutional and health professionals' capacity to adequately manage large volumes of data, information, and knowledge through the application of emerging technologies to optimize data management processes to improve decision-making in health.

7.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 1962, 2022 10 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2089184

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Food insecurity has increased during the COVID-19 pandemic, affecting an estimated 260 million people. However, little evidence is available on how pandemic-related characteristics influence food security in a high-altitude population. The objective of this study was to assess factors associated with food insecurity in high-altitude Peruvian cities during the second epidemic wave of COVID-19. METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional study was conducted in eight Peruvian cities over 1,500 m above sea level. An online survey measuring food security, presence of anxiety & depressive symptoms, sleep quality, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), resilience, and sociodemographic characteristics was disseminated through social networks between December 2020 and February 2021. Generalized linear models were used to identify an association between the study variables. RESULTS: Of 700 participants, the median age was 23 years, and more than half were female (56.7%). The prevalence of food insecurity was 37.1%. Anxiety symptoms, depressive symptoms, and PTSD were present in 72.7%, 64.1%, and 15% of respondents, respectively. The prevalence of food insecurity was higher in people with fair (PR: 1.60, 95% CI: 1.23-2.07) and very bad perception of their health (PR: 4.06, 95% CI: 2.63-6.26), individuals seeking mental health support (PR: 1.42, 95% CI: 1.25-1.62), and in those who lost their job due to the pandemic (PR: 1.82, 95% CI: 1.62-2.04). Having moderate (PR: 1.52, 95% CI: 1.26-1.83) and moderate to severe depressive symptoms (PR: 1.58, 95% CI: 1.11-2.27) also increased the prevalence of food insecurity. CONCLUSION: During the pandemic, the prevalence of food insecurity has increased in the Peruvian high-altitude population, revealing the need for preventive strategies. Identification of pandemic-related characteristics that influence food insecurity can guide interventions in at-risk individuals and reduce the long-term impact of this problem on overall health and quality of life.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Male , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prevalence , Peru/epidemiology , Cities , Retrospective Studies , Quality of Life , Altitude , Food Supply , Food Insecurity
8.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(20)2022 Oct 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2082301

ABSTRACT

There is scant evidence on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on burnout in front-line military personnel and how working time may influence on this condition. We aimed to determine the association between working time and Burnout syndrome in military personnel. A cross-sectional study was conducted using secondary data among 576 military personnel from Lambayeque, Peru during the second wave of COVID-19 in 2021. We used the Maslach Burnout Inventory instrument to measure Burnout Syndrome. We evaluated its association with work time, measured as the number of months that the military member worked during the pandemic. The prevalence of burnout syndrome was 9%. Of the total sample, 39.1% and 10.3% presented depersonalization and emotional exhaustion, respectively. Military personnel working for more than 18 months had a 104% higher prevalence of Burnout syndrome (PR: 2.04, 95%CI: 1.02-4.10). Exposure to a prolonged work time during the pandemic increased the prevalence of Burnout syndrome in military personnel. This information helps to understand the potential effects of the pandemic on this population and provides insight into the time the military members would need rest to prevent Burnout syndrome.


Subject(s)
Burnout, Professional , COVID-19 , Military Personnel , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Military Personnel/psychology , Pandemics , Peru/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Burnout, Professional/psychology
9.
Revista De La Universidad Del Zulia ; 13(38):785-802, 2022.
Article in Spanish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2083227

ABSTRACT

The objective of this research was to manage the relevant elements of the academic offer and the relationship with student satisfaction in times of COVID-19 at the Graduate School of the Universidad Senor de Sipan, 2021. The research is of a basic type, with the purpose of reinforcing existing knowledge, on the specification of determining variables of supply and demand, for the master's degrees of the Universidad Senor de Sipan, which take validity in the observable reality itself and in times of pandemic in the year 2021. the inductive-deductive method;the research design is non-experimental. The results were analyzed through the statistical variables of descriptive form and content. To do this, the research hypothesis was contrasted and tested, where the management of the academic training offer has a positive relationship with student satisfaction in times of COVID-19, in postgraduate studies at the Universidad Senor de Sipan during the year 2021, using the Pearson's correlation coefficient, with a significance level of alpha = 0.05, obtaining an index of 0.912.

10.
Apuntes-Revista De Ciencias Sociales ; 49(92):5-32, 2022.
Article in Spanish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2083193

ABSTRACT

This paper is part of the international EduCovid19 project that seeks to describe teachers' perceptions of the impact of COVID-19 on their practices, as well as those of their students. In this context, this text focuses on making comparisons of teachers' perceptions on different variables and projecting their consequences on their teaching careers. A sample (N=541) of Chilean and Peruvian teachers of all educational levels participated in the study through a virtual structured questionnaire. The results show inequalities in the teaching practices of both countries based on significant differences linked to gender inequality, socioeconomic gaps, and the academic degree of the educators.

11.
Revista De La Universidad Del Zulia ; 13(38):763-784, 2022.
Article in Spanish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2082786

ABSTRACT

The objective was to analyze the educational strategy I learn at home and virtual mediation, as an adequate and efficient response to face the educational problem generated by the COVID-19 pandemic in the Ancash region of Peru. The research was applied, at a quasi-experimental level. The universe of the population includes the parents of seven public institutions. The study sample was all 320 parents, with the application of the census method. It was evidenced that teachers and students have made use of the official platform of the Ministry of Education, for teaching-learning, using radio, television, mobile devices, which has facilitated asynchronous work. The virtual strategy has allowed teacher-student interaction, facilitating the use of classes recorded in videos and audios, allowing the subjects to be developed and better controlled, which has allowed knowing the relationship between the I learn at home strategy and virtual mediation. to complete the school year.

12.
Travel Med Infect Dis ; 50: 102472, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2069733

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To explore the association between the use of prehospital medications and the development of fatal outcomes in patients who required hospitalization due to coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included adult patients who were hospitalized due to COVID-19. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data, prehospital medication history, and fatal outcome development (use of high-flow oxygen therapy, intensive care unit [ICU] admission, or mortality) were extracted from the medical records of patients who were admitted due to COVID-19 to the Carlos Seguín Escobedo National Hospital of Arequipa, Peru during July to September 2021, the period after the second wave of COVID-19 cases in Peru. Survival was analyzed using the Cox proportional hazards model, and crude hazard ratios and adjusted hazard ratios (aHR) with their respective 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated. RESULTS: A total of 192 patients were evaluated, of whom 62% were males and 46.9% did not require oxygen support at admission. Additionally, 64.6% used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, 35.4% used corticosteroids, 28.1% used macrolides or ceftriaxone, 24.5% used ivermectin, and 21.9% used warfarin before hospitalization. Of the patients, 30.2% developed a fatal outcome during follow-up. The multivariate analysis revealed that prehospital corticosteroid use was independently associated with the fatal outcome due to COVID-19 with an aHR = 5.29 (95%CI: 1.63-17.2). CONCLUSION: Prehospital corticosteroid use was associated with a 5-fold increased risk of fatal outcome development.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Emergency Medical Services , Adult , Male , Humans , Female , COVID-19/drug therapy , SARS-CoV-2 , Retrospective Studies , Peru/epidemiology , Hospitalization , Cohort Studies , Hospitals , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Referral and Consultation , Oxygen
13.
Int J Infect Dis ; 123: 212-220, 2022 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2069127

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To identify differences in the clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of patients during the first and second waves of the COVID-19 pandemic at the EsSalud Lambayeque health care network, Peru. METHODS: An analytical cross-sectional study of 53,912 patients enrolled during the first and second waves of COVID-19 was conducted. Cluster analysis based on clustering large applications (CLARA) was applied to clinical-epidemiologic data presented at the time of care. The two pandemic waves were compared using clinical-epidemiologic data from epidemiologic surveillance. RESULTS: Cluster analysis identified four COVID-19 groups with a characteristic pattern. Cluster 1 included the largest number of participants in both waves, and the participants were predominantly female. Cluster 2 included patients with gastrointestinal, respiratory, and systemic symptoms. Cluster 3 was the "severe" cluster, characterized by older adults and patients with dyspnea or comorbidities (cardiovascular, diabetes, obesity). Cluster 4 included asymptomatic, pregnant, and less severe patients. We found differences in all clinical-epidemiologic characteristics according to the cluster to which they belonged. CONCLUSION: Using cluster analysis, we identified characteristic patterns in each group. Respiratory, gastrointestinal, dyspnea, anosmia, and ageusia symptoms were higher in the second COVID-19 wave than the first COVID-19 wave.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Aged , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cluster Analysis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dyspnea , Female , Humans , Male , Pandemics , Peru/epidemiology , Pregnancy
14.
Acta Medica Peruana ; 39(2):104-113, 2022.
Article in Spanish | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067675

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify demographic, clinical, laboratory and treatment characteristics associated with mortality in hospitalized patients with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia in a Level I Hospital of Peruvian Social Security, at La Libertad Network. Material(s) and Method(s): Retrospective cohort study. Cox proportional hazards model was used, calculating crude and adjusted hazard ratios (HR), and the Kaplan-Meier estimator was used to evaluate the overall survival curve and for each factor. Result(s): Of the 158 patients, the diagnosis was confirmed in 79.11%. Nearly 70% (68.99%) were men, the global median age was 65 years (IQR: 52-77), and it was higher in deceased subjects 69 years old (IQR: 61-80 years). Little more than half of this population (53.80%) had comorbidities, such as high blood pressure (27.85%), obesity (22.78%), and diabetes mellitus (13.92%). The median duration of symptoms prior to admission was 9 days (IQR: 6-11 days). HRs were determined for oxygen saturation less than 80% on admission with 0.21 FIO2, leukocytosis with associated lymphopenia, oxygen requirement at 0.80 FIO2 on admission, and moderate-severe ARDS. Such values were 1.54, 1.98, 2.07 and 2.91, respectively. Conclusion(s): The development of moderate-severe ARDS on admission, leukocytosis associated with lymphopenia, less than 80% hypoxemia on admission at 0.21 FIO2, and high-flow oxygen requirement since admission with 0.80 FIO2, were the only risk factors for mortality. Copyright © 2022 by Begell House, Inc.

15.
Acta Medica Peruana ; 39(2):120-127, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067673

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To identify presumptive diagnoses of patients treated by synchronous teleorientation in the Ophthalmology Service of Cayetano Heredia Hospital (CHH) during the COVID-19 pandemic, describing their demographic characteristics and the percentage of patients referred for a face-to-face evaluation. Method(s): A retrospective observational descriptive study with secondary analysis of a database collected from May to August 2020 consisting of patients treated with teleorientation in the Ophthalmology service at CHH. Result(s): Three hundred and eight patients were included in the analysis. The main presumptive diagnoses were dry eye syndrome (24,68%), glaucoma (18.51%), cataract (17,85%), post-operated (5,84%) and viral/bacterial conjunctivitis (5,52%). Most patients were female (64,29%) and they came from Metropolitan Lima (91,88%). The number of older adults was higher than that of non-older adults (51,29% vs 48,70%). Finally, the patients sent to the Ophthalmology service for a face-to-face appointment were 4,55%. Discussion(s): During the period of this study, the main presumptive diagnosis was dry eye syndrome. This result obtained is similar to other hospitals. The main presumptive diagnoses that required a face-to-face appointment were acute posterior vitreous detachment, glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration because they needed especial examination, like measuring the intraocular pressure and fundoscopy. Older adults required assistance more frequently compared to the non-older adult group (84.41% vs 59.57%, p< 0,001). Copyright © 2022 by Begell House, Inc.

16.
Iatreia ; 35(4):414-423, 2022.
Article in Spanish | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067412

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the clinical presentation and factors associated with anosmia and ageusia in patients with COVID-19 in a health center in a province of Peru for the period 2020-2021. Method(s): Cross-sectional analytical study through data from the COVID-19 program of the Essalud Po-lyclinic in Jauja, Peru. Sociodemographic characte-ristics, symptoms and comorbidities of the patients were detailed. A bivariate analysis identified the factors associated with anosmia and ageusia. Result(s): 356 patients were identified: 53.1 % were wo-men, mean age was 48.7 years (+/-17.8) and 261 (73.3%) with mild COVID-19. Of the total, 22.2% had anosmia and 19.9% ageusia;of which the majority were un-der 65 and female. Associated symptoms were found in 86.1% of patients with anosmia and 83.1% with ageusia. The main factors associated with anosmia were age younger than 65 years (p=0.027), cough (p<0.001), headache (p<0.001), dyspnea (p<0.001), nasal congestion (p<0.001) and fever (p<0.001);and ageusia: age younger than 65 years (p=0.006), cough (p=0.001), headache (p<0.001), dyspnea (p<0.001), nasal congestion (p<0.001) and diarrhea (p<0.001). Conclusion(s): Anosmia and ageusia are common symptoms of COVID-19. Most patients had these symptoms associated with common symptoms. Many of those who had anosmia had nasal congestion, so it is advisable to consider differentiating them when making the diagnosis. Copyright © 2022, Universidad de Antioquia. All rights reserved.

17.
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina ; 83(3), 2022.
Article in Spanish | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067357

ABSTRACT

Introduction. The COVID-19 pandemic, the lockdown, and suspension of activities were important psychological stressors. University students are a vulnerable population for high stress levels. Objective. To determine the levels of psychological stress and identify associated factors in the student population of a peruvian public university. Methods. Cross-sectional observational study. We applied an online survey on characteristics related to university studies and the 13-item Global Perception of Stress Scale (PSS-13). The questionnaire was applied in the framework of the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. High stress was considered to be those students with a score above the 75th percentile. We compared the mean scores of the PSS-13 according some students characteristics with the Student’s t-test or the Mann-Whitney U-test. In addition, multivariate analyses was performed to recognize factors related to high stress. Results. 2647 university students participated in this study. 1566 (59.2%) were female. The age of the students was 21 years (IQR: 19 – 23). The stress score was 27.6 ± 7.1. The variables related to high level of stress were female sex, university academic year, having pending courses, chronic illness, and worrying about the future. Conclusions. During the first wave of COVID-19, university students presented high levels of stress. Being a woman, the academic year, having pending courses, chronic illness and worrying about the future are risk factors for presenting a high level of stress in a state university in Peru.

18.
Enfermería Global ; 21(4):158-170, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2067133

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La carga de trabajo excesiva en el personal de salud, debido a la pandemia del COVID19 ha generado la presencia del Síndrome de Burnout. El propósito de este estudio fue determinar un modelo logístico para los factores asociados a las dimensiones del Síndrome de Burnout en el personal de salud, durante la pandemia COVID-19, en Trujillo - Perú. Método: Se aplicó un diseño transversal, correlacional;se utilizó el cuestionario estandarizado del inventario de Burnout de Maslach aplicado virtualmente, que mide: agotamiento emocional, despersonalización y realización personal, la muestra estuvo conformada por 143 profesionales de salud de los establecimientos de la Micro red de Trujillo y de El Seguro Social de Salud (ESSALUD), Resultados: El 24,5% de profesionales de la salud tienen un nivel de agotamiento emocional alto, 27,3% nivel de despersonalización alto y 39,9% nivel de realización personal bajo. El estado civil, ingreso familiar, tipo de institución donde labora, la edad y el número de hijos se asocian al nivel de agotamiento emocional (p<0,05). El sexo, la profesión, tipo de institución, edad y número de hijos se asocian al nivel de despersonalización (p<0,05). El tipo de institución y la edad se asocian al nivel de realización personal (p<0,05). Conclusiones: El modelo logístico ordinal propuesto indica el 69,2% de éxito en nivel de agotamiento emocional, el 60,8% de éxito para el nivel de despersonalización y el 58,7% con el modelo para nivel de realización personal.Alternate :Introduction: Excessive workload in health personnel, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, has generated the presence of Burnout Syndrome. The purpose of this study was to determine a logistic model for the factors associated with the dimensions of Burnout Syndrome in health personnel during the COVID-19 pandemic in Trujillo - Peru. Method: A cross-sectional, correlational design was applied. The standardized Maslach Burnout Inventory questionnaire was used and applied virtually. It measures emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal fulfillment. The sample consisted of 143 health professionals from the Trujillo Micro-network and Social Health Insurance establishments (ESSALUD). Results: 24.5% of health professionals have a high level of emotional exhaustion, 27.3% a high level of depersonalization and 39.9% a low level of personal fulfillment. Marital status, family income, type of institution where they work, age and number of children are associated with the level of emotional exhaustion (p<0.05). Gender, profession, type of institution, age and number of children are associated with the level of depersonalization (p<0.05). The type of institution and age are associated with the level of personal fulfillment (p<0.05). Conclusions: The proposed ordinal logistic model indicates 69.2% success in emotional exhaustion level, 60.8% success for depersonalization level and 58.7% with the model for personal fulfillment level.

20.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12304, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066391

ABSTRACT

Tutoring, as a process of accompaniment of university students, has among its purposes identification of and reflection on the various difficulties that can interfere in the development of student competencies. To the same end, the present research explores the possibility of using WhatsApp as a tutoring resource in universities, with an emphasis on identifying and reflecting on the academic, personal, and family problems of students. This case study uses a quasi-experimental approach with a treatment group and a control group intentionally selected at the Escuela Profesional de Educación Secundaria de la Universidad Nacional del Altiplano de Puno, Peru, during the first semester of the 2020 academic year. Data were collected using semi-structured interview guides and individual tutoring cards. The results show that this technological resource improved the university tutoring service among the students in the experimental group. It proved more flexible and attractive to students, who were motivated to externalize and reflect on their personal, family, and academic difficulties and showed increased openness to receiving help in problem solving them. On the other hand, student participation was less active in the control group. These findings affirm that WhatsApp is a resource that can allow more spontaneous and friendly communication between tutors and students, creating a context conducive to achieving the objectives of university tutoring.

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