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1.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 2022 Nov 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2104051

ABSTRACT

Businesses are becoming more conscious of operational risk management practices due to the COVID-19 pandemic. However, some firms practice risk management without fully comprehending how it might help them and their needs. As a result, companies that practice risk management without realizing it are being controlled by the discipline itself. The goal of this study is to look into the epistemic process of risk management practice in the workplace. This phenomenological study interviewed 39 risk management officers, executives, and employees. Data are thematically analyzed. This study discovered five epistemic processes of risk mapping using Foucault's governmentality paradigm. This phenomenological study, interestingly, revealed the black box of risk management practices, as well as the behavior of risk management officers, executives, and risk owners who preferred to monitor the compliance aspects of risk management practices rather than comprehend the capabilities of risk management that could be used within their strategic planning process. Unaware of this black box, organizational actors were blanketed by the organization's culture of fear, which created the impression that the authority was always watching every word said and every action taken. Practically, this study contributes an improved understanding of the real function of risk management that helps them justify the practice and reduce unnecessary fear. The paper concludes with limitations and research recommendations.

2.
Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology ; 42(4):246, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2087142

ABSTRACT

Reports an error in "Advancing a phenomenology of law of migration and displacement: Centering recognition of persons and communities migrating and their lived experience of suffering" by Mary Beth Morrissey (Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Jul 28, 2022, np). In the article (https://doi .org/10.1037/teo0000208), the first recommendation that appears in the Collaborative Strategies and Policy Recommendations should appear as follows: building theorizing that helps to frame or reframe both the problem and experience of suffering in migration and displacement, including the contributions to suffering of law and policy, racism, and other structural conditions and social and economic determinants. All versions of this article have been corrected. (The following of the original article appeared in record 2022-85652-001.) In this contribution to the Special Issue on Law, Medicine, and Bioethics: Role of Interdisciplinary Leadership in Influencing Health and Public Health Policy and Democratic Systems of Governance, the author brings a phenomenological lens and heightened focus to bear on suffering as transcendentally constituted and the witnessing of social suffering across the global world at the intersections of migration and displacement, global crisis conditions prevailing during the COVID pandemic, and climate, conflict, and war that threaten human annihilation. Engagement with phenomenological processes of reflection opens the field of the lived experience of suffering in migration and displacement to inquiry and probing of the social imaginaries that shape law and structural conditions and determinants contributing to massive social suffering, including structural and systemic racism and policy harms to immigrants and refugees and their communities. A palliative turn toward dismantling such structural conditions of suffering is proposed as integral to social change processes and fostering of resilience among immigrant and refugee communities, including building environments that mitigate suffering. Expanding the social and ethical capabilities of both health care and public health systems and workforces is also essential to social transformation. Finally, centering recognition of persons and communities who are migrating or experiencing displacement is an ethical priority and a condition precedent to the pursuit of meaningful social change, equity, and justice for all communities. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

3.
J Diabetes Metab Disord ; 21(2): 1753-1762, 2022 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2075723

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Diabetes has resulted in an increase in diabetic fatigue syndrome, which has a negative influence on health, particularly the risk of worsening quality of life (QoL) due to physical and mental limitations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the experiences of patients with unregulated type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and diabetes fatigue syndrome. Methods: This study used a qualitative phenomenological design and focused on patients from four primary health centers (PHCs) in Surabaya, Indonesia with higher incidents of unregulated T2DM. Thirty participants were recruited using purposive sampling with the following inclusion criteria: adult T2DM patients, willing to participate in the study, and able to recount experiences associated with their illness. Data collection took place between April and June 2020 across 36 interview sessions. Semi-structured interviews were carried out face-to-face with each participant with the principles of social distancing applied due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Results: Analysis identified five themes and thirteen subthemes. The first theme was participants' experiences during blood glucose imbalance. Other themes included experiences of boredom with diet, physical and psychological distress, financial problems during treatment, and sexual problems. Conclusion: Participants with T2DM who experienced diabetes fatigue reported negative effects on their life, especially on health, functional daily activity, and finances. The results of this study can provide information for nurses and other healthcare providers to promote interventions for patients with T2DM, such as modifying lifestyle, self-acceptance, and self-efficacy.

4.
Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering ; 83(12-B):No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2073972

ABSTRACT

This research study will illuminate the experiences of individuals obtaining a dog during the COVID-19 pandemic. Everyone has their own unique life experiences and methods of building resilience. By collecting narrative data from individuals who obtained dogs during the pandemic, this researcher explored the phenomenon of these life experiences. The information obtained builds an understanding of how lives have been impacted by COVID-19 and how dogs have assisted during the pandemic. This study explored several variables that have influenced people's decisions to obtain a dog: social isolation, mental health concerns, timing, connection, family companionship, and many other identified reasons. This research was necessary to explore the life experiences of those who obtained a dog to assist in building an understanding of the impact of the human-animal bond during times of uncertainty.Keywords: dogs, COVID-19, phenomenology, qualitative, resilience. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

5.
Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering ; 83(12-B):No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2072875

ABSTRACT

Background: Half of the population with cancer who are aged 20 to 54 years old will die from cancer with African Americans being 1.2 times more likely to die (NCI, 2019a;2021b). Parents with advanced cancer (PWAC) have concerns about their future and their remaining family's future, which causes suffering. Dying concerns are conscious/unconscious thoughts about death by a person facing a terminal illness or a family member coping with the impending death of a loved one (Arndt et al., 2006;Caparso et al., 2020;Kakuta et al., 2015). Purpose: Examine recruitment feasibility in PWAC and their co-parents.;and (2) Gain a shared understanding of the perspectives of the PWAC about the dying concerns family life before and after advanced cancer diagnosis and family resources to manage the crisis of advanced cancer for the co-parent following Gadamer's phenomenology and McCubbin and McCubbin's Family Resiliency Model.Methods: Four PWAC were recruited from Karmanos Cancer Center and Comprehensive Breast Care. Participants were diagnosed with advanced cancer, scored less than a 3 on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scale, had at least one dependent child 18 years old or younger, identified a co-parent involved in care of the patient and children, and spoke English. Two semi-structured interviews were conducted, audio- video-recorded, and transcribed. The first interview was summarized and given to the participants for member-checking. Data analysis used the hermeneutic rule. All data was coded and verified between coders until consensus was reached.Results: Due to unforeseen circumstances and hospital restrictions of COVID-19, recruitment was challenging. Of 32 potential participants, 11 were approached and 4 consented. Completion of all study procedures for one participant took a little over a month. Completion of both interviews ranged about an hour and a half. Four themes regarding dying concerns emerged. Additional themes emerged which may have mediated the dying concern themes. Participants expressed co-parent concerns of "Uncertainty in End-of-Life Decisions", "Effectless Communication", "Parental Skepticism" and "Psychological Well-Being".Conclusions: PWAC have concerns for their co-parent in the event they die. Qualitatively understanding dying concerns from family members may improve communication between family members and healthcare providers. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

6.
NeuroQuantology ; 20(6):9894-9903, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067284

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has given many challenges to students, educators, and parents. This study is a phenomenological in nature which was conducted in the middle of the COVID-19 pandemic where students were taught online and most of the schools were in a lockdown status. 103 tertiary students voluntarily participated in this study research instruments were answered through google form. Through this study, it was known that among the stress coping mechanisms (SCM), chatting with friends and watching movies and entertaining comedies were the two SCM that were most commonly employed by the tertiary students. They also overcome their stresses through prayers, reading religious scripts and listening spiritual songs which was commonly employed by the respondents. It is somehow good to note that removing oneself from the stressful situation and learning how to manage time properly making oneself busy with academic activities and sharing one’s problem with parents, friends, and teachers and regularly doing physical exercises are also other ways opted by the respondents to reduce their stress during the pandemic. However, among the SCMs, contacting professionals like psychologists or counsellors turned to be not commonly employed by the respondents which seem to be another interesting field of research to venture on.

7.
J Nurs Manag ; 2022 Oct 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2063849

ABSTRACT

AIM: The aim of this study is to explore and describe the recovery experiences of nurses working in COVID-19 wards. BACKGROUND: The global outbreak of coronavirus in 2020 has extracted job stress for nurses. Job stress has impacts on physical and mental health and performance, so recovery is essential to restore the lost energy resources. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 nurses in Isfahan city of Iran. RESULTS: The research results were extracted as 5 main themes, 14 subthemes and 54 items. The main themes are detachment from work, relaxation, non-work activities, affiliation and meaning. The combination of these themes led to the clear statement that using recovery experiences is a major step toward relieving the nurses' COVID-19-related stress and their physical and mental resuscitation. CONCLUSION: The use of recovery experiences, including detachment from work, relaxation, non-work activities, affiliation and meaning by nurses, helps them cope with job stressors and regain their resources. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT: It is the responsibility of health system policy makers, hospital managers and nurse managers to design and implement training programmes for nurses to use recovery experiences as stress management techniques in their profession.

8.
Quality Assurance in Education ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2063221

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This study aims to identify critical online teaching effectiveness factors from instructors’ perspectives and experiences during COVID-19. Design/methodology/approach: This study used a qualitative phenomenology approach. In addition, the research used a snowball sample to identify faculty in the engineering and engineering technology fields with experience in online teaching and learning. All interviews were conducted online by the researchers. The interview questions were based on findings in the current literature. Further, the questions were open-ended. Findings: The analysis identified eight major themes that impact online teaching effectiveness: class recordings;course organization;collaboration;engagement;exam, assignment and quiz grades;games;valuable course content;and student timely feedback and response. Research limitations/implications: The study was not designed to be generalizable to the entire population of professors who teach online classes but to gain insights from faculty who taught online courses during the COVID-19 pandemic. Practical implications: Faculty can use the factors identified for online teaching effectiveness to enhance their course design and delivery while teaching online or blended courses. Originality/value: This research provides insights into factors that impact online teaching effectiveness during the COVID-19 pandemic. © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited.

9.
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition ; 75(Supplement 1):S487-S488, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2058053

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Currently, the only treatment for celiac disease (CD) is a lifelong stringent gluten-free diet (GFD), which has a very high perceived treatment burden. COVID-19, a global pandemic, caused most of the population to stay at home and limit outside contact. The study aimed to capture the impact of COVID-19 on the quality of life of children with CD and their families. Method(s): Semi-structured interviews were conducted and analyzed using a phenomenology approach between May 19th and August 3rd, 2020 with 15 children and parents of children with CD. All interviews were recorded and transcribed;study staff coded transcripts individually, meeting at scheduled intervals to discuss discrepancies before proceeding with the next transcript. Result(s): Based on the interviews with children with CD and their parents, five unique themes emerged including: access to gluten free (GF) food, access to care through telehealth, perceived vulnerability to COVID-19, avoiding gluten exposure and emotional responses. Among the five themes, there were twelve subthemes that were developed to showcase the full experience of a child with CD and their parents' experience with COVID-19. Conclusion(s): Our cohort experienced similar circumstances caused by the pandemic when compared to the general public, with notable exceptions. Both populations took strict safety precautions, but our cohort experienced additional layers of stress related to access to safe food and perceived additional vulnerabilities to COVID-19. These findings emphasize the importance of proactively supporting CD management and its challenges through the end of the pandemic and beyond.

10.
Firat University Journal of Social Sciences ; 32(3):979-993, 2022.
Article in Turkish | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2056648

ABSTRACT

In this study, it is aimed to determine the opinions of the first-grade teachers related to primary literacy teaching by distance education in the light of experiences achieved in the educational activities carried out with distance education due to the Covid-19 epidemic. This study was carried out with the phenomenology design, which is one of the qualitative research patterns. The study group of research consist of 17 classroom teachers working in the city center of Amasya, who were contacted through the easily accessible sampling method. The data were collected from the teachers in the study group using semi-structured interview forms developed by the researcher. The content analysis method was preferred when analyzing the data obtained within the scope of the study. While analyzing the data, the MAXQDA 2020 qualitative analysis program was preferred. As a result of findings achieved, it is found out related that teachers do not have necessary knowledge and experience about distance education, distance education system is fairly new, students age group is young and they are just involved to education system, each student does not have access to electoronic devices or internet, which distance educational activities conducted out with. It is thought that this study will contribute to the identification of problems in distance education, improving future distance education processes, organizing the distance education process in such a way that will facilitate the learning of students in younger age groups. It will also contribute to the literature in distance education process. (English) [ FROM AUTHOR] Bu çalışmada, Covid-19 salgını sebebiyle uzaktan eğitimle yürütülen eğitim faaliyetlerinde elde edilen deneyimler ışığında, 1. sınıf öğretmenlerinin uzaktan eğitimle ilk okuma yazma öğretimine ilişkin görüşlerinin belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Araştırma nitel araştırma desenlerinden fenomenoloji deseni ile yürütülmüştür. Araştırmanın çalışma grubunu, kolay ulaşılabilir durum örneklemesi ile kendilerine ulaşılan, Amasya il merkezinde görev yapan 17 sınıf öğretmeni oluşturmaktadır. Veriler, araştırmacı tarafından geliştirilen yarı yapılandırılmış görüşme formları kullanılarak, sınıf öğretmenlerinden toplanmıştır. Elde edilen verilerin analizinde içerik analizi yöntemi tercih edilmiş ve MAXQDA 2020 nitel analiz programı kullanılmıştır. Elde edilen sonuçlar neticesinde öğretmenlerin uzaktan eğitim ile ilgili gerekli bilgi ve deneyime sahip olmaması, uzaktan eğitim sisteminin çok yeni olması, öğrencilerinin yaş grubunun küçük olması ve eğitim sürecine yeni dâhil olmaları, her öğrencinin uzaktan eğitim faaliyetlerinin yürütüldüğü elektronik cihazlara veya internet erişimine sahip olmamasından kaynaklı sorunlar yaşandığı bilgisi edinilmiştir. Bu çalışmanın uzaktan eğitimdeki sorunların tespitine, uzaktan eğitim süreçlerinin iyileştirilmesine, uzaktan eğitim sürecinin küçük yaş grubundaki öğrencilerin öğrenmelerini kolaylaştıracak şekilde düzenlenmesine ve literatüre katkıda bulunacağı düşünülmektedir. (Turkish) [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Firat University Journal of Social Sciences / Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi is the property of Firat University, Social Sciences Institute and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

11.
Buildings and Cities ; 3(1):168-185, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2056024

ABSTRACT

Lockdown impositions have impacted people’s lives, their health and wellbeing, changing the ways in which dwellings are used and occupied. Spaces within the home have had to be rapidly renegotiated, redesigned and resynchronised in ways not yet fully explored or understood. Social relationships in the home have shifted and adapted as a result of ‘enforced togetherness’. This study presents a rich snapshot of 23 UK designer-architects’ transformative lived experiences of lockdown, using an interpretative phenomenological approach. It identifies four critical socio-spatial affordances that are rooted in the physical and mental wellbeing of the architects/designers. ‘Individuality’ suggests the need for increased physical separation to be alone. ‘Communality’ denotes a need for household members to be together. Both individuality and communality are seen as two opposite dimensions of the socio-spatial affordance of the home. ‘Adaptability’ points to requirements for flexible, decluttered and versatile spaces to enable ‘vibrancy’ not ‘suffocation’. Finally, ‘connectivity’ encompasses the need for a strong connection between the indoors and outdoors. These dimensions must be considered in housing design, so new housing models can emerge. The use of interpretative phenomenological analysis, employing the architectural tool of drawing, is shown to be a useful approach for housing research. PRACTICE RELEVANCE The impact on households’ wellbeing as a consequence of Covid-19 lockdowns has led to new considerations for future housing design. In a post-Covid environment, the particular needs for housing have been transformed. The findings and insights from this study will help to reframe the existing conventions of housing design criteria (e.g. a reliance on defining space functions) toward a clearer set of qualities for inhabitant and household wellbeing. New housing criteria involving socio-spatial affordances of individuality, communality, adaptability, and connectivity are shown to be viable and highly appropriate. These new dimensions highlight how inhabitants’ wellbeing can be included in viable and affordable housing. © 2022 The Author(s).

12.
J Eval Clin Pract ; 2022 Sep 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2052695

ABSTRACT

This paper begins by developing the critical phenomenologies of shame and empathy. It rejects that empathy is the supposed antidote to shame, and rather demonstrates the ways in which they function in parallel. The author contends that both shame and indeed empathy risk objectifying and fetishizing the other who is being shamed or empathized with. This argument and phenomenology about the relationship between shame and empathy is then applied and further developed through a case study of COVID-19 vaccinations. The author explores whether empathy and shame ever "work" to increase vaccine uptake, and ultimately argues that both affects do and do not depending on the structures of power informing the specific context.

13.
Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences ; 83(11-A):No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2046205

ABSTRACT

Labor shortages in blue-collar occupations have become a significant challenge for firms throughout the United States. Naturally, as employers seek to address those shortages, one of the solutions has been the recruitment of immigrant workers. Multiple languages, mores and cultures within the diverse workforces present unique challenges within workplace cultures. Research suggests that intergroup contact between distinct groups, such as racial or ethnic groups, when certain conditions are in place, can have a positive impact on relationships between members of those groups. Additionally, diverse workplace management studies identify management practices that may enhance diverse workforce outcomes. This qualitative grounded theory study explores the question: How do blue-collar workers, both immigrant and U.S.-born working alongside one another, experience their workplace culture? It consists of responses from 15 participants to semi-structured interviews conducted via electronic communications technology (due to COVID-19 restrictions limiting direct researcher/participant contact). The study took place between the months of June and October of 2022. A new theory, the inverse contact outcome theory, was generated. The theory states that, contrary to what might be expected in diverse blue-collar workplaces, a) positive contact outcomes such as reduction of prejudice and conflict may result among same status blue-collar workers from diverse backgrounds despite the lack of institutionally supportive conditions whereas b) negative contact outcomes of prejudice and conflict may not be mitigated among same status blue-collar workers from diverse backgrounds despite the presence of institutionally supportive conditions. The study also revealed that diverse workforce management approaches that include customized socialization, enhanced communication, and status-based hierarchy mitigation, are essential to positive diverse workforce management practice. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

14.
Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering ; 83(11-B):No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2046180

ABSTRACT

Young adult cisgender women at a university were the focus of this research in order to gain further understanding of how cisgender women experience gender role socialization and develop gender role attitudes. This study used a hermeneutic phenomenological approach to answer the following research questions: (1) What is the experience of young adult cisgender women related to their childhood gender role socialization? (2) What is the experience of young adult cisgender women related to gender role attitudes? A total of seven participants completed video interviews with the researcher. Interviews were then transcribed, coded, and examined for meaning units and themes in order to answer the above questions. Two themes about the experience of gender socialization emerged: mother's influence and "pretty privilege" while four themes emerged from the experience of gender role attitudes: mother's influence, not wanting to be a stay-at-home mother, acceptance of women who choose not to have children, and experiences with gender bias. Analysis of the participants' descriptions of their lived experience revealed these themes, but future research should focus on the moderating experiences that contributed to the participants holding more egalitarian gender role attitudes in young adulthood despite being raised with primarily traditional gender role socialization. This gap precluded determining the structure of the experience of gender role socialization and gender role attitudes in this study. The potential impact of having conducted this research during the COVID-19 pandemic and clinical implications of the findings are discussed. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

15.
Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering ; 83(11-B):No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2045512

ABSTRACT

The publicly funded long-term support system for the growing population of older adults in the United States is insufficiently funded and relies on familial and non-familial volunteer caregivers, but there is a declining number of familial caregivers due to trends of smaller families (Friss Feinberg & Spillman, 2019;Mather et al., 2015;Vespa et al., 2018). Further, the organizations that recruit non-familial volunteer caregivers struggle with high rates of volunteer turnover (Pettijohn et al., 2013). The looming crisis of insufficient volunteer caregivers was spotlighted upon the 2020 onset of the COVID-19 pandemic (Graham, 2020), however at least one group of non-familial volunteer caregivers continued to serve. The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate the lived experiences of unpaid, non-familial volunteer caregivers who served older adults within a Faith in Action model volunteer driver program during the first year of the pandemic. Hermeneutic phenomenology guided semi-structured interviews of eight volunteers (Smith et al., 2009). Findings indicate that the volunteer's commitment to older adults, awareness of the needs of older adults, and established relationships with older adults were more important than personal concerns about exposure to COVID-19. Study participants were alert to the needs of older adults during and between service activities, and made personal sacrifices of time, money, and physical exertion to accommodate needs. Participants approached service with a feeling of care for the older adult and expected reciprocal care in the form of appreciation. They considered discontinuing service if efforts weren't appreciated or if deeply held values were violated. The volunteer service organization was key in mitigating conflict within the relationship of the volunteer and older adult, thereby increasing the likelihood that the volunteer would continue serving. Implications include training older adult clients to meet expectations of care and appreciation for volunteers, managing volunteers whose personal sacrifices exceed the scope of volunteer service, and supporting volunteers whose values have been violated. Future research is needed to investigate findings among volunteers providing other services to older adults, volunteers in their first months of services, and the experiences of volunteers matched with a small number of ongoing clients. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

16.
Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering ; 83(11-B):No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2045388

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this transcendental phenomenological study was to describe elementary public school teachers' experiences coping with stress during the COVID-19 pandemic. Using Lazarus and Folkman's transactional model of stress and coping theory, the study answered the central research question: How do elementary public school teachers describe their experiences coping with stress during the COVID-19 pandemic? The sub-questions addressed: What psychological, physical, and emotional mechanisms are elementary public school teachers using to cope with stress during the COVID-19 pandemic? Purposeful sampling and maximum variation sampling were used to select 14 elementary public school teachers' who experienced teaching during the COVID-19 pandemic. The setting of the study was North Texas Independent School District. The data collection methods used included participant journaling, semi-structured interviews, and a focus group. The data was analyzed using Moustakas's data analysis which began with epoche, then transcendental-phenomenological reduction, imaginative variation, and synthesis of composite textural and composite descriptions. Two themes were identified through data analysis which included teacher stress and teacher coping mechanisms. Findings indicated that teachers had faced much adversity during the COVID-19 pandemic in ways such as students, technology, and instruction;however, they have been resilient throughout the pandemic. Psychological, physical, and emotional coping mechanisms have helped teachers cope with their stress. Implications for research suggested that helping teachers find adequate outlets to cope with their stress could be effective. Recommendations for future research are provided.  (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

17.
Asia Pac J Public Health ; 34(8): 793-798, 2022 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2042932

ABSTRACT

When the third wave of the COVID-19 epidemic broke out, the double burden of the pandemic and political instability meant that people in Myanmar did not have access to adequate hospital care. The aim of this study was to explore the lived experience of COVID-19 survivors in the community. A qualitative, descriptive, phenomenological approach was used, and participants were selected through purposive sampling. Fifteen individuals described their experiences using four themes and 17 categories. The main themes were the aggressive natures of the pandemic, suffering from the disease, receiving vital support for survival, and the hardships due to political pressure. The pandemic and subsequent waves of different variants should not be underestimated, and people's health should take priority over economic development and political crisis. Knowledge and practices of family members and society should be promoted by providing timely and comprehensive information regarding pandemic diseases.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , Pandemics , Myanmar/epidemiology , Survivors , Qualitative Research
18.
Recoletos Multidisciplinary Research Journal ; 10(1):25-38, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2040672

ABSTRACT

This phenomenological research was conducted to inquire into the experiences of fathers of children with autism during the COVID-19 pandemic. This qualitative study was explored because there is a dearth of studies focusing on paternal involvement and a lack of local autism research. Nine participants, who were chosen using purposive sampling, individually participated in an unstructured interview. The van Kaam method popularized by Moustakas was used to analyze the data gathered. Five major themes emerged: recognizing the child's needs, surviving hardships, enduring exhaustion, encountering silver linings, and moving forward. The findings showed that fathers of children with autism encountered challenging and fulfilling events during the pandemic with resilience. Fathers of children with autism prioritized familial needs, especially of the child, and increased their presence in the household. A strong paternal character builds up fathers’ resilience in coping with the difficulties of raising a child with autism in a precarious time. © 2022, University of San Jose-Recoletos. All rights reserved.

19.
Academic Voices: A Conversation on New Approaches to Teaching and Learning in the post-COVID World ; : 393-404, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2035563

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to provide insight and to reflect upon the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on living, learning, and leading in universities. The research methodology drew on metabletic phenomenology, which is an inspired approach developed by J.H. van den Berg and followers in the latter part of the twentieth century. Metabletics is the study of significant change, a shift in existence, and phenomenology seeks to capture the lived-experience of the phenomenon. Phenomenology encourages the researcher to insert themselves into the research and present their findings through narrative, prose, poetry, and metaphor. In keeping with this approach, the chapter includes three original poems on living, learning and leading university reform in the pandemic shadow. The study also exposed the inadequacies of many contemporary western university business models to cope with the changes demanded during the pandemic. In particular, the immediate transition to online and remote learning and the dramatic decline in international students due to extended border closures. In practice phenomenology promotes the technique of raising questions rather than providing answers and this study follows this strategy when discussing the need for university reform © 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

20.
Technium Social Sciences Journal ; 34:158-166, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2026792

ABSTRACT

Education does not only allow for the exploration of every aspect of life but as well as have a longing for knowledge and the desire to take this learning to the next level. Thus, the teacher's role in the teaching and learning process is vital. However, that delivery of the instruction towards the learners is a big challenge for the teachers who are handling Multi-grade teaching in this new normal. Multi-grade teaching is a situation in which one teacher has to teach many grade levels, all at the same time. Thus, the paper explores the lived experiences of Multi-Grade Teachers in public elementary school in the time of pandemic. Aided by a phenomenological research approach, the data were gathered from purposively sampled participants using face-to-face and online interviews. The data were analyzed using thematic analysis devised by Lichtman. The findings reveal semblance in the participants' views and practices in multi-grade teaching during the pandemic. Despite the detected adverse elements that relegate it, multi-grade teachers remain passionately dedicated to facilitating learning. However, making learners master the competencies required is still a great challenge to realize. Thus, the collaboration of all stakeholders, school administrators and local government are vital to address this perennial challenge in multi-grade teaching. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Technium Social Sciences Journal is the property of Technium Press Constanta and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

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