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1.
Jamba ; 14(1): 1284, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2080610

ABSTRACT

Hospital health care professionals (HCPs) play a vital and crucial role in saving the lives of patients afflicted with the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). As the incidence of the disease keeps increasing, health care workers in hospitals face difficulties in discharging their duties. This study aimed to describe the lived experiences of HCPs. Particularly, it determined their challenges, motivations and coping strategies to craft grassroots policies for the enhancement of health care delivery in the Northern Philippines. Employing a phenomenological study design, 24 study participants were purposively selected and their narratives were elicited through focus group discussion. Responses were transcribed verbatim. After data analyses, the challenges, coping strategies and motivations of HCPs were identified. Results revealed that HCPs experienced a lot of challenges. Some of these were brought by the rapid changes in their environment as HCPs. Moreover, there was lack of comprehensive strategies that made them unprepared along with a lack of human and material resources. Furthermore, they experienced physical fatigue because of overwhelming workload, anxiety, fear and discrimination that led to depression. Despite these difficulties, they remain resilient because of religious coping, being true to their duty as HCPs and the support they receive from their fellows. Thus, the study recommends that protocols to ensue should centre on adequate pandemic preparedness and capacitation of HCPs.

2.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12926, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066483

ABSTRACT

To improve financial sustainability and promote economic stability, it is important to understand the intricate relationship between finance and macroeconomy. Thus, focusing on financial stress and macroeconomic sectors, this paper investigates macro-financial spillovers in China. First, we develop a high-frequency financial stress index based on eight daily financial indicators to measure the stability of China’s financial markets. Through event identification, we find that China’s Financial Stress Index can effectively reflect the stress situation of China’s financial market. Then, given that the traditional co-frequency method fails to deal with financial stress index and macroeconomic data with different frequencies, we employ the mixed-frequency spillover method to evaluate macro-financial spillovers to examine the connectedness between China’s financial market and the real side of the economy. We find that financial stress is the leading net risk output and primarily affects the loan sector;deterioration of economic conditions can lead to more apparent fluctuations in spillover effects, with spillovers from financial stress to others being the most susceptible;within the sample, the 2015 stock crash, U.S.–China trade friction, and COVID-19 have the most impact on macro-financial spillover effects. In addition, we track the results of different risk events on spillover effects across sectors.

3.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(19)2022 Sep 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2065934

ABSTRACT

Globally, 67% of the population has received at least one COVID-19 vaccine dose, but coverage varies across countries. This study aimed to compare people's willingness to receive COVID-19 vaccination across Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, and Vietnam, where vaccination intention tends to be high, to determine factors associated with willingness, and to obtain suggestions for developing strategies. We conducted a secondary data analysis of the Japan International Cooperation Agency survey "Building Resilience: COVID-19 Impact and Responses in Urban Areas-Case of Southeast Asia," including1842 unvaccinated participants from Thailand (n = 461), Indonesia (n = 246), the Philippines (n = 609), and Vietnam (n = 526). Vaccination willingness was high in all countries (69.6%), but the social and psychological factors motivating people to undergo vaccination differed among these countries. The highest vaccination willingness was in the Philippines, followed by Vietnam and Indonesia, whereas the lowest vaccination willingness was in Thailand. Vaccination willingness was affected by not only sociodemographic attributes, but also risk perception and beliefs, which, in turn, were shaped by social factors such as infection trends and vaccine policies. To achieve effective vaccination promotion programs, a system allowing the flexible modification of promotion methods in response to social conditions must be established.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Asia, Southeastern , COVID-19/prevention & control , Developing Countries , Humans , Indonesia , Philippines , Thailand , Vaccination , Vietnam
4.
Trop Med Health ; 50(1): 75, 2022 Oct 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2064866

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: SARS-CoV-2 seroepidemiological studies are used to guide public health decision making and to prepare for emerging infectious diseases. Disease occurrence estimates are limited in the Philippines, the country with the highest reported number of coronavirus disease-related deaths in the Western Pacific region. We aimed to estimate SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence and infection rate among outpatient clinic attendees in Metro Manila prior to the implementation of the national coronavirus disease vaccination program. METHODS: We conducted repeated cross-sectional surveys at the animal bite clinic in San Lazaro Hospital, Manila, the Philippines across four periods, 3 months apart, between May 2020 and March 2021. Multivariable logistic regression was used to assess associations between different characteristics and infection status including seropositivity. RESULTS: In total 615 participants were enrolled, ranging from 115 to 174 per period. Seroprevalence quadrupled between the first (11.3%) and second (46.8%) periods and plateaued thereafter (third-46.0%, fourth-44.6%). Among seropositive participants, total antibody concentration was comparable throughout the first to third periods but declined between the third and fourth periods. Infection prevalence was comparable across enrollment periods (range 2.9-9.5%). Post-secondary education [aOR 0.42 (95% CI 0.26, 0.67)] was protective, and frontline work [aOR 1.81 (95% CI 1.18, 2.80)] was associated with increased odds of seropositivity. Frontline work status [aOR 2.27 (95% CI 1.10, 4.75)] and large household size [aOR 2.45 (95% CI 1.18, 5.49)] were associated with increased odds of infection. CONCLUSIONS: The quadrupling of seroprevalence over 3 months between the first and second enrollment periods coincided with the high burden of infection in Metro Manila in early 2020. Our findings suggest a limit to the rise and potential decline of population-level SARS-CoV-2 infection-induced immunity without introduction of vaccines. These results may add to our understanding of how immunity develops against emerging infectious diseases including coronaviruses.

5.
International Journal of Caring Sciences ; 15(2):1453-1464, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2057921

ABSTRACT

Pregnancy is a time of changes in a woman's life because it includes not only psychological but also physiological and anatomical changes. The woman needs all the support and understanding she can get to be able to deliver to a healthy baby. The presence of the COVID-19 pandemic has caused disruptions in many aspects of life in a pregnant woman and her family thereby causing additional mental burden that may cause psychological as well as physiological alterations in a supposedly normal life changes. The aim of the study is to find out the protective behavior, coping mechanisms and psychological status of the pregnant women in order to come up with interventional activities to help these women cope with their current situation and with the pandemic. The respondents of the study were the 35 pregnant women who consented to participate in the study. The study made use of a survey questionnaire to be able to determine and describe the protective behaviors, their coping mechanisms and the psychological status. Results showed that the respondents practice protective behaviors, have good coping mechanisms and are of normal psychological status. There is no association between the variables to the profile of the respondents except for educational attainment which showed positive perfect correlations with protective behaviors and coping mechanisms against depression, anxiety and stress. The number of respondents limits the findings of the study so it was recommended that similar studies be done in a larger population as well as in significant others of the pregnant women be included as respondent. It is also recommended that a longitudinal study be conducted for more extensive findings.

6.
Menggali perilaku kepemimpinan pemimpin komunitas milenial selama pandemi: Kasus Science City of Muñoz di Filipina. ; 35(3):265-281, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2056728

ABSTRACT

Millennials are those born between the late 1980s and late 1990s. They are individuals who are comfortable in the use of technology giving them competitive advantage in the global workforce. Surprisingly, despite their significant number in the workforce, there is a dearth of study on millennial leadership styles. This study examines the millennial community leaders in the Philippines during the COVID-19 pandemic. It employed exploratory descriptive-qualitative research method. Sixteen millennial community leaders in the Science City of Muñoz in the Philippines and twelve citizens and subordinates participated in the study. The basis of analysis is the Responsible Leadership for Performance framework. The findings showed that responsibility and accountability to their tasks and functions are common traits of millennial community leaders during pandemic. They are perceived to possess attributes such as: people-centered, honest, reliable, just, approachable, responsible, affirmative, pure-hearted, and hardworking during pandemic. The study confirmed that millennials' technological inclination, their ideals and aspirations are shaped by their socio-historical background. Though lacking of experience and resources, they compensate it with strong mind and heart to lead the community in its response to pandemic emergencies. (English) [ FROM AUTHOR] Milenial adalah mereka yang lahir antara akhir 1980-an dan akhir 1990-an. Mereka adalah individu yang nyaman dalam penggunaan teknologi yang memberi mereka keunggulan kompetitif dalam angkatan kerja global. Anehnya, meskipun jumlah mereka yang signifikan dalam angkatan kerja, ada kelangkaan studi tentang gaya kepemimpinan milenial. Lebih banyak lagi perilaku para pemimpin politik milenial di masa pandemi. Penelitian ini mengkaji tentang pemimpin politik milenial di Filipina selama Pandemi COVID-19. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian deskriptif-kualitatif. Enam belas pemimpin politik milenial di Science City of Muñoz di Filipina dan dua belas warga negara serta bawahannya berpartisipasi dalam penelitian ini. Penelitian ini menganalisis data menggunakan kerangka kerja Responsible Leadership for Performance. Temuan menunjukkan bahwa tanggung jawab dan akuntabilitas terhadap tugas dan fungsinya merupakan ciri umum para pemimpin politik milenial di masa pandemi. Pemimpin politik milenial juga dipersepsikan memiliki atribut-atribut seperti: people-centric, jujur, dapat diandalkan, adil, mudah didekati, bertanggung jawab, afirmatif, murni hati, dan pekerja keras selama pandemi. Studi ini menegaskan bahwa kecenderungan teknologi, cita-cita, dan aspirasi kaum milenial dibentuk oleh latar belakang sosio-historis mereka. Meskipun kurang pengalaman dan sumber daya, mereka mengimbanginya dengan pikiran dan hati yang kuat untuk memimpin masyarakat dalam menanggapi keadaan darurat yang disebabkan oleh pandemi. (Indonesian) [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Masyarakat, Kebudayaan & Politik is the property of Universitas Airlangga and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

7.
International Journal of Multidisciplinary: Applied Business & Education Research ; 3(9):1737-1741, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2056366

ABSTRACT

Positive feelings encourage higher participation in teaching. This study examined the respondents' emotional self-care during the COVID-19 pandemic. The researcher explored the effect of distancelearning challenges during COVID-19 pandemic to the emotional self-care of the teachers. Descriptive correlational research design was used in the study with a questionnaire as the main tool in gathering the needed data among one-hundred seventy one (171) respondents identified using complete enumeration among elementary school teachers in the Division of Quezon City, Philippines. The data gathered were treated and analyzed using mean, weighted mean, chi - square and Pearson r. The mean age of the respondents is 40.43, female dominated at 73 percent. Most of respondents were teaching in the primary level that teaches general content courses. About 20 percent of the respondents had been in the field for about 11 - 15 years. Civil status and challenges, civil status and grade level taught to emotional self - care, grade level taught to teaching performance, challenges to self - care, challenges to teaching performance, and self-care to teaching performance revealed a significant relationship. Findings of the study is deemed contributory to possible adjustments to faculty development plan to adapt to changing roles from physical to virtual set - up. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of International Journal of Multidisciplinary: Applied Business & Education Research is the property of Future Science and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

8.
PeerJ ; 10: e14151, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2056273

ABSTRACT

In this work, we present an approach to determine the optimal location of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination sites at the municipal level. We assume that each municipality is subdivided into smaller administrative units, which we refer to as barangays. The proposed method solves a minimization problem arising from a facility location problem, which is formulated based on the proximity of the vaccination sites to the barangays, the number of COVID-19 cases, and the population densities of the barangays. These objectives are formulated as a single optimization problem. As an alternative decision support tool, we develop a bi-objective optimization problem that considers distance and population coverage. Lastly, we propose a dynamic optimization approach that recalculates the optimal vaccination sites to account for the changes in the population of the barangays that have completed their vaccination program. A numerical scheme that solves the optimization problems is presented and the detailed description of the algorithms, which are coded in Python and MATLAB, are uploaded to a public repository. As an illustration, we apply our method to determine the optimal location of vaccination sites in San Juan, a municipality in the province of Batangas, in the Philippines. We hope that this study may guide the local government units in coming up with strategic and accessible plans for vaccine administration.

9.
Forced Migration Review ; 67:33-35, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2046152

ABSTRACT

Significant variations in access to fundamental public health services during the COVID-19 epidemic have been revealed by recent study conducted in a number of different nations. States have an obligation to apply what they have learned from the present pandemic to remove existing obstacles. In many aspects, the COVID-19 pandemic fostered cooperation across nations and within communities in an effort to address dangers to the public's health and lessen the socioeconomic effects of the virus. Some good practices have emerged as a result of extensive advocacy and engagement with governments by a variety of actors. These include expanding free access to COVID-19 testing, treatment, and vaccines for all migrants, regardless of status, and allowing stranded migrants and those without visas to access basic services. They must consider the impact of this extraordinary situation and global public health emergency on those who continue to face barriers to accessing basic services, such as COVID-19 vaccines, as well as how this intersects with both individual and public health, even though these policy developments are to be welcomed, championed, and replicated. Public health initiatives could be jeopardized by enduring access impediments as well as fresh difficulties brought on by movement restrictions and lockdowns. National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies conducted the study in eight nations: Australia, Colombia, Egypt, Ethiopia, the Philippines, Sudan, Sweden, and the UK (and data from the Sahel region was also taken into consideration). The findings suggest that, in order to end the pandemic and guarantee that everyone has the chance to receive assistance in a respectful and supportive manner, inclusive approaches for connecting with and supporting migrants and refugees must be incorporated into national and local pandemic preparedness, response, and recovery plans. Public health hazards will persist if inclusive policies are not accompanied by operational guidelines to overcome barriers in practice.

10.
Review of Integrative Business and Economics Research ; 11:144-163, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2046103

ABSTRACT

In the Philippines, Undersecretary Orlando R. Ravanera, Chairman of the Cooperative Development Authority, declared that since the founding of the Rochdale Cooperative in England in 1884, different countries have adopted this cooperative form of organization that has resulted in significant economic gains and social development. Findings in this research could offer policy makers, especially those in the Philippine Congress, insights on the importance of cooperatives as partners in community and nation-building by different governments across the globe. [...]to appreciate the role of cooperatives to the Philippine economy, especially during this COVID 19 pandemic, the two provisions in the Philippine Cooperative Code of 2008 that provide for the tax exemption and tax treatment of cooperatives are hopefully not repealed. 2. [...]some countries allow agricultural cooperatives to enjoy tax exemptions and tax holidays so that these organizations can continue their role in addressing poverty, securing food production and boost economic growth (Kireyeva, 2016) as a whole. The cooperatives' not-for-profit nature is a justification for tax advantages in some countries, however in Western agri-food systems agricultural cooperatives face the challenge of inevitably competing with investor-owned businesses where they are at a bind between raising capital and conserving their basic governance (Tortia, Valentinov and Iliopoulos, 2013).

11.
Drug Safety ; 45(10):1129, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2045675

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Dengue is one of top ten global health threats and is a serious burden in the Philippines. Dengvaxia immunization program was launched on April 2016 for children 9-14-year-olds in three regions with high statistics of dengue, hospitalization, and deaths. This was coincidentally the campaign period for national elections. Use of vaccine, once available, was part of a strategy to control epidemic. Current measures were inadequate. On the 30 November 2017, Sanofi announced an advisory that vaccine should not be used in those who are dengue naive otherwise they will have risk for severe dengue and additional hospitalization. What started as vaccine-vigilance information sparked a public outcry. This led to a series of parliamentary investigations, traditional and social media misinformation and disinformation vilifying the health decision makers and the company, and criminal charges filed against over 20 individuals by the state over alleged unproven vaccine caused deaths. Despite attempts to correct these narratives by a few health professionals, the damage to institution, the program, the product, and individuals have been done. The consequences of such actions of emotional approach without understanding the science have resulted in creating general vaccine rejection, hesitancy, other outbreaks such as measles, lowered confidence even with recent COVID vaccines. Objective: This aim to describe the situation at that time in the Philippines and extract lessons that will inform better risk communications during crisis. Methods: Literature analysis and environmental scans were undertaken. Results: Some of the important lessons learned are in risk management and communications. Adverse health product information should be announced with circumspect considering the level of health literacy and risk appreciation in a country. Partisan politics interfered with poorly understood science, fueled by imprudent comments by officials and health professionals who spoke out of turn, amplified by the media and created chaos. The fear was so palpable that enlightened health professionals refused to provide countervailing facts. While the vaccine is listed as part of WHO EML and used in many countries, Philippines has imposed a ban on the product. Reinstating the vaccine would be perceived as the government had back-pedaled on a mistake. In the meantime, the drama contributed to vaccination hesitancy and outbreaks. Conclusion: Public health decisions are policy and regulatory decisions anchored in ethical and utilitarian principles. Pharmacovigilance plays an important role in public health decisions but only if approached in a scientific and objective manner and in the context of a country's culture.

12.
Pakistan Journal of Life and Social Sciences ; 20(1):52-56, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2045218

ABSTRACT

The study aimed to find out the common causes of suicide in relation to socio-demographic factors in Cagayan de Oro (CDO), Philippines. Only secondary data were gathered which were already publicly published. Results revealed that the common causes of suicide were depression, family problem, financial problem, work pressure and the COVID-19 pandemic. The socio-demographic factors were age, sex, location, civil status and economic status (with or without employment). The highest percentage (37.18%) was due to depression followed by family problem (21.79%). The most number of suicide cases was found among males (82.05%) as compared to females (15.38%) and lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) (2.56%). A total of 78.20% of cases came from urban part while only 21.80% were from rural area. Results revealed that the socio-demographic factors significantly predict the causes of suicide (p =.053). Among the factors, only the location had a significant coefficient (β = 1.41, p =.22) which indicated that the propensity of suicide cases were mostly at urban areas. The regression analysis identified were age, sex, location, and civil status as predictors of completed suicide cases. In conclusion, depression was the most common cause of suicide particularly among single individuals in the urban area © 2022, Pakistan Journal of Life and Social Sciences.All Rights Reserved.

13.
Journal of ISSAAS ; 28(1):152-153, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2044831

ABSTRACT

Prior to the pandemic, agri-tourism was on its rise in the Philippines. It is known as a fusion of Agriculture and tourism, linked to other sectors, including hospitality and transportation. However, travel bans and other restrictions amid the COVID-19 pandemic have adversely affected tourism. This study aimed to describe the pandemic effects on agri-tourism enterprises in the province of La Union, Philippines, and their adaptation strategies. A survey of 16 enterprises was conducted in May 2021. Descriptive and content analysis was employed to analyze the data and information gathered. The pandemic was found to have significantly affected the enterprises' marketing function, resulting in financial losses and adjustments to their business models. Their adaptation strategies were categorized as either survival or sustaining. Survival strategies were the farms' initial coping mechanisms like shifting to a new market, lowered prices, and switching to online marketing. On the other hand, sustaining strategies were also known as long-term solutions like diversification and expansion. The enterprises that adopted both strategies had wider offerings and possessed more than one accreditation. It is recommended that agri-tourism enterprises continue strategizing as the pandemic remains a threat. They should consider employing sustaining strategies for post-pandemic.

14.
Transportation Amid Pandemics ; : 87-104, 2023.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2041437

ABSTRACT

The Philippines, like any other country, especially in Southeast Asia, was not prepared in facing the threat of COVID-19 pandemic. The Government at the outset of the pandemic in early 2020 activated its Inter-Agency Task Force to handle the pandemic and how to address this. This endeavor would provide an overlook on how the country was affected by the pandemic and what were the strategies and approaches that were initiated and implemented to minimize the transmissions of the COVID-19 and negative impacts on the economy. After investigating the impacts of COVID-19 on the economy and notably on the transport environment, strategies and actions as well as suggestions for future policies to contain impacts of pandemics are made in a form of a planning policy framework.

15.
Recoletos Multidisciplinary Research Journal ; 10(1):25-38, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2040672

ABSTRACT

This phenomenological research was conducted to inquire into the experiences of fathers of children with autism during the COVID-19 pandemic. This qualitative study was explored because there is a dearth of studies focusing on paternal involvement and a lack of local autism research. Nine participants, who were chosen using purposive sampling, individually participated in an unstructured interview. The van Kaam method popularized by Moustakas was used to analyze the data gathered. Five major themes emerged: recognizing the child's needs, surviving hardships, enduring exhaustion, encountering silver linings, and moving forward. The findings showed that fathers of children with autism encountered challenging and fulfilling events during the pandemic with resilience. Fathers of children with autism prioritized familial needs, especially of the child, and increased their presence in the household. A strong paternal character builds up fathers’ resilience in coping with the difficulties of raising a child with autism in a precarious time. © 2022, University of San Jose-Recoletos. All rights reserved.

16.
Pacific Journalism Review ; 28(1-2):29-46, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2040607

ABSTRACT

This keynote commentary at the 2021 Asian Congress for Media and Communication (ACMC) conference with the theme Change, Adaptation and Culture: Media and Communication in Pandemic Times is addressed through a discussion of three main issues: 1. The COVID-19 Pandemic and how it is being coped with;2. A parallel Infodemic—a crisis of communication, and the surge of ‘disinformation’ and truth challenges in this ‘age of hatred and intolerance’;and 3. The global Climate Emergency and the disproportionate impact this is having on the Asia-Pacific region. Finally the author concludes with an overview of some helpful strategies for communicators and educa-tors from his perspective as a journalist and media academic with a mission.1. © 2022, Pacific Media Centre, Auckland University of Technology. All rights reserved.

17.
Fiziceskoe Vospitanie Studentov ; 1:51-57, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040471

ABSTRACT

Background and Study Aim. The COVID - 19 pandemic has post threats on the physical and mental fitness of the people. Thus, the study determined the effectiveness of home quarantine - based rhythmic exercises to the fitness level of the university students in physical education. Material and Methods. University students were the participants of the study. 200 student populations who were taking physical education subject in the year 2020 were considered. Quasi - experimental research design was employed and 96 participants between the age bracket of 18 - 26 (74 females & 22 males) were chosen using simple random sampling in determining the population size of the study. SPSS program was used in the analysis in the obtained data. Results. The result shown that there is a significant difference between the pre - test and post - test results in the fitness level of the participants in body mass index (T= -3.482, p < .001), cardiovascular endurance (T= -4.193, p < .000), flexibility (T= -6.279, p <.000), muscular endurance (T= -9.553, p <.000), and muscular strength (T= -7.569, p < .000) performing the home quarantine-based rhythmic exercises. Conclusion. Further, it is concluded that engaging in two (2) months home quarantine - based rhythmic exercises from 30 minutes to 1 hour with moderate to vigorous intensity augment the physical fitness level of an individual. Moreover, it is recommended to put vision accounts in strengthening the inclusion of home quarantine - based rhythmic exercises in teaching physical education either in synchronous and asynchronous in teaching - learning process.

18.
Pandemic Risk, Response, and Resilience: COVID-19 Responses in Cities around the World ; : 293-333, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2035600

ABSTRACT

The first cases of Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) were reported in Wuhan, China, in late 2019. Four months later around 1.699595 million people globally are infected with the virus causing more than 106,138 deaths.Various countries have taken preventive and control measures to combat this disproportionate impact of COVID-19. It was noted that the pandemic scenario projections work better once scaled down to city level. The QC Disaster Resilience Scorecard (DRS) and Public Health Addendum (PHA) are also the integral part of the methodology considered in operationalizing the DRMF-COVID-19-P. Hence, authors developed and operationalized a local level Disaster Risk Management Framework (DRMF) for COVID-19 Pandemic using 14 guiding principles. Consequently, Quezon City Inclusive Unified Response, Recovery, and Rehabilitation Action Plan 2020-2030 is prepared. It consists of 11 very dynamic Programs, Projects, and Activities (PPAs). Essentially, the accomplishment level of these PPAs and status of reproduction rate of the virus directs the assertion to end the current COVID-19 Lockdown or initiation of incremental ease in lockdown. In fact the timing to commence such initiation is depending upon the accomplishment of pertinent PPAs and scientific findings that recommend Smart Lockdown. It refers to the use of decision-making criteria such as confirmed case/outbreak threshold ratio, probability of outbreak, etc., defined by different authorities for decision-making especially in declaring of community quarantine at Barangay/Municipality/City level. © 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

19.
Lancet Reg Health West Pac ; : 100585, 2022 Sep 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2031543

ABSTRACT

Background: Our study aimed to explore the experiences of stakeholders from local government units, health facilities and higher education institutions on the delivery of non-COVID-19 health services after the initial wave of the pandemic. Methods: Twenty-nine public health workers, thirteen university staff, and four hospital administrators in the Philippines participated. Using a descriptive phenomenological approach, we analysed transcripts from six focus group discussions conducted online between March and June 2021. Findings: The COVID-19 pandemic made the routine health programs inaccessible due to hesitancy among patients to visit health facilities, a shift in public health priorities, and lack of students to augment the existing workforce.Public health workers reported stress and mental health exhaustion. Apart from fear of infection during service provision, public health workers and university staff experienced work overload, pressure to learn new technology, and webinar fatigue. Mental health problems have surfaced as health workers and young people have become more affected while support services remain insufficient.Public health workers have reported actions to maintain service delivery in the new normal such as use of telehealth and social media. However, issues on workforce wellbeing and digital equity posed adaptation challenges. Participants suggested partnership with higher education institutions as pivotal to position local health systems towards recovery. Interpretation: The rapid change in the service landscape highlights the importance of sustainable partnerships, effective workforce management, equitable digital innovations, and promoting mental wellbeing to preserve community, school, and occupational health and rebuild resilient local health systems in low-resourced areas. Funding: This research is proudly supported by the Australia-ASEAN Council, Australian Government Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.

20.
Soc Sci Med ; 305: 115114, 2022 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2028519

ABSTRACT

Social science research has long critiqued how professional ideals of public service can ignore chronic problems within the healthcare industry, placing unfair burden on the "heroism" of individual workers. Yet, fewer studies investigate how healthcare professionals actively negotiate such demands for service, amidst increasing workplace pressures and risks. This paper studies Filipino nurses' response to a government policy that banned them from working overseas in order to channel their labor to local hospitals during the COVID-19 pandemic. Based on 51 in-depth interviews, we argue that nurses' willingness to serve in the Philippines' COVID-19 hospitals hinged on the point at which the deployment ban interrupted their emigration trajectories. Specifically, nurses' decision to heed their government's call to service depended on whether they saw local hospital experience as valuable for their plans of working abroad. We introduce the concept of "clocking out" to describe how aspiring nurse migrants set limits to the time they devote to local service, as they pursue a career pathway beyond national borders. We discuss how this concept can inform scholarship on nurse retention and professional values, especially for developing nations in times of crisis.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Nurses , COVID-19/epidemiology , Emigration and Immigration , Health Personnel , Humans , Pandemics , Workplace
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