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1.
Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness ; JOUR
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2095625

ABSTRACT

Background/objective This paper aimed to summarize the findings of the third (2022) Active Healthy Kids Hong Kong Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Adolescents and evaluate the secular trends of physical activity related indicators. Methods Five behavioral indicators (Overall Physical Activity, Organized Sport and Physical Activity, Active Play, Active Transportation, and Sedentary Behavior), three outcome indicators (Physical Fitness, Sleep, and Obesity) and four sources of influence indicators (Family and Peers, School, Community and Environment, and Government) were assigned a letter grade (ranging from A+ to F or incomplete) based on the best available evidence following a harmonized approach developed by the Active Healthy Kids Global Alliance. Data sources included published journal articles, government reports, manual searches, and personal contacts;and consisted of both pre-COVID-19 and after-COVID-19 evidence. Results Grades for Overall Physical Activity (D−**) and Sedentary Behavior (D) deteriorated compared to the 2018 Report Card. The other three behavioral indicators, Organized Sport and Physical Activity, Active Play, and Active Transportation, were assigned B−, D, and B+, respectively. Physical Fitness (D), Sleep (C−), and Obesity (D−) obtained the same grades as in the 2018 Report Card. School (B) and Government (C+) grades slightly improved, while Community and Environment grade (B) was stable. Family and Peers was not graded due to insufficient evidence. Conclusions Despite slight improvements in influence indicators, physical activity and sedentary behavior have changed unfavorably for children and adolescents in Hong Kong. Strategic investments are needed to improve adoption and implementation of effective interventions.

2.
Physical Culture and Sport ; 96(1):31-39, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2080045

ABSTRACT

This study aims to determine the difference between coronaphobia, anxiety, stress, and mental well-being levels among public institution employees according to their participation in recreational activities during the pandemic and to compare them in terms of variables. The field research method was used in the study, which had 376 (215 males, 161 females) voluntary participants. During the data collection process, a questionnaire was used to determine persistent anxiety, coronavirus-19 phobia, stress, mental well-being levels, and demographic characteristics. The form inquired about age, gender, whether participants attended recreational events during the pandemic, and, if so, what types of activities they participated in. Significant differences were found among the participants’ scores for continuous anxiety, mental well-being, coronavirus-19 phobia, and the psychological, somatic, and social sub-dimensions. It was found that those who participated in recreational activities had higher mental well-being scores and lower anxiety and phobia scores than those who did not. Significant differences were found in some of the scales used according to gender and age variables. Since recreational activities reduce negative emotions and increase positive emotions, it is recommended that individuals participate in activities that comfort them and make them happy under pandemic conditions.

3.
Physical Culture and Sport ; 96(1):12-20, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2080044

ABSTRACT

This study investigates how the social networking service (SNS) activities of professional football clubs have affected the quality of the relationship between clubs and fans during the period in which the COVID-19 pandemic caused limited fan service activities. This study selected a sample population of professional football fans, provided by football clubs, who were experienced in using SNSs. Data collected through convenience sampling using 215 questionnaires completed online by respondents were analyzed using frequency, exploratory factor, reliability, correlation, and multivariate regression analyses with SPSS 23.0 and AMOS 22.0. The study’s findings are as follows: among the sub-factors of professional football clubs’ SNS characteristics, interactivity and playfulness have a positive (+) effect on trust, a sub-factor of relationship quality, but information and recentness do not have a significant effect;interactivity, information, and playfulness have a positive (+) effect on immersion, a sub-factor of relationship quality, but recentness does not have a significant effect;and interactivity, information, playfulness, and recentness have a positive (+) effect on satisfaction, a sub-factor of relationship quality. This study provides practical and academic data useful for effective marketing activities by investigating how clubs’ SNS marketing activities can help fans connect with them despite the limitations owing to the COVID-19 pandemic.

4.
Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases ; 14(2):229-234, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2067666

ABSTRACT

Vitamin D, HOMA-IR, Exercise, Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease INTRODUCTION Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disease worldwide, defined as fat accumulation, especially triglycerides, in hepatocytes, which are associated with metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.1-2 Sedentary lifestyles and poor eating habits are among the main causes of increased insulin resistance and obesity, the two important risk factors for NAFLD.2-3 Different exercise and physical activity cause diverse alterations in insulin resistance and recognizing these changes might affect the interpretation of exerciseinduced mechanisms in patients with NAFLD.4-5 It has been reported that exhaustive eccentric exercise (EEE), along with a positive role in weight loss and physiological adaptation, might lead to cell damage.6 Many studies have reported liver damage and increased insulin resistance following EEE due to the reduced hepatic circulation and subsequent mitochondrial swelling in hepatocytes.7,8 Different approaches (e.g. supplementation) have been considered to neutralize the adverse effects of EEE including increased liver enzymes and muscle damage.9 Among which vitamin D (Vit D ) supplementation plays a significant role in the prevention of NAFLD.10 According to studies, Vit D with anti-fibrosis and anti-inflammatory properties is effective to induce insulin sensitivity by improving liver enzymes and reducing insulin resistance.11,12 To our knowledge, few studies have investigated the EEE-induced glycemic variables responses before and after a short-term Vit D supplementation in patients with NAFLD;thus, we aimed to investigate the effect of short-term Vit D supplementation on glycemic variables alterations in response to EEE in patients with NAFLD. Exclusion criteria were smoking, history of heart or kidney disease, taking lipid-lowering drugs, being infected with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), Vit D supplementation and regular exercise six months before the start of the study, fundamental diet changes, and failure to follow the study protocol. 26 individuals who met the inclusion criteria were then selected as subjects that were randomly assigned into Exp (n=13) and C (n=13) groups. [...]5 minutes of cooling down at a speed of 3 km/h and a zero slope were performed. Liver enzymes (Alanine transaminase [ALT], Aspartate transaminase [AST], and gamma-glutamyl transferase [GGT]) were measured with the enzymelinked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method (Greiner Bio-One kit, made in Germany), fasting insulin levels with ELISA method (Mercodia kit, made in Sweden), glucose with enzymatic method (Pars Azmun kit, made in Iran), and the insulin resistance index was also performed using the homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) (Homeostasis Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance) equation.

5.
Apunts. Educació Física i Esports ; - (150):10-19, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2067083

ABSTRACT

Multi-component training has proven to be the best non-pharmacological strategy to reverse or delay the effects associated with ageing and frailty, which have both become a health emergency. The aim of this study was to analyse the impact of a period of lockdown following a multicomponent training programme on functional capacity, physical fitness and quality of life in older people. A total of 54 participants over the age of 65 were randomly divided into two groups. The intervention group performed 3 weekly sessions of 1 hour of multicomponent training, and the control group, 1 hour of light aerobic activity per week. The Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), Senior Fitness Test (SFT), Handgrip and EUROQOL-5D were used: Visual Analogue Scale (EQ-5D: VAS). At the end of lockdown, both groups became worse in SPPB, although the intervention group to a lesser extent (Control, -10.34%, p = .015, ES = .758;Intervention, -6.48%, p = .018, ES = .470). In addition, this group improved strength (Chair Stand, +11.12%, p = .002, ES = .632), and flexibility (Sit & Reach, -48.88%, p = .001, ES = .698) of the lower limb as well as agility and dynamic balance (Up & Go, -10.68%, p < .001, ES = .667), due to possible residual effects of training. Only the control group reduced their manual grip strength (-5.57%, p = .033, ES = .665). Conclusion: 9 weeks of multicomponent training in older people could mitigate the effects of a 15-week lockdown, but it is not possible to know with certainty due to the lack of a post-training measurement, which could not be performed because of the outbreak of the pandemic.

6.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12873, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066474

ABSTRACT

Guided by the socio-ecological model, the aim of this study was to investigate the predictive strengths of individual, social, and physical environmental factors toward different intensities of physical activity (PA;vigorous PA, moderate PA, walking) and sedentary behavior (SB) among college students. A cross-sectional research design was used. There were 287 college students (Mage = 20.75 ± 2.91;54% female) recruited from a public research university in the Southwestern United States. Participants completed previously validated questionnaires assessing their PA, SB, and perceptions of self-efficacy, social support, and physical environment variables. Correlation and hierarchical regression analyses were performed to examine the associations and the relative contributions of those individual, social, and physical environmental factors to PA and SB, respectively. The findings indicated that self-efficacy, social support from friends, and convenience of using exercise facilities were positively correlated with vigorous PA. Self-efficacy and physical environmental factor such as convenience of using exercise facilities were significantly associated with students’ moderate PA. Physical environmental factors, including convenience of using exercise facilities, satisfaction with neighborhood services, ease of walking to public transportation stop, and detached single-family residence were significantly related to walking, while only detached single-family residence was associated to SB. The results highlight PA interventions may do well to focus on the promotion of individual and environmental variables to increase PA in college students. More evidence is needed to determine the relationships between social ecological factors and SB.

7.
Heart ; 108(Suppl 3):A42-A43, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2064241

ABSTRACT

49 Table 1Exercise Prescription template using the FITT-VP (frequency, intensity, type, time, volume and progress) principle of exercise prescription.Exercise type Frequency (per week) Intensity Time (mins/session) Volume (weekly mins) Progression As always if you develop any concerning symptoms during exercise please stop and seek medical advice 49 Table 2‘How do I estimate exercise intensity?’ patient guide as part of the exercise prescription template and patient information leafletIntensity RPE (Rating of perceived exertion) % of HR max** Talk test 0 Resting 1 2 Very light No noticeable change in breathing or sweating Low 3 Somewhat light <55% Can talk and sing 4 Light Moderate 5 Somewhat moderate 55–74% Can talk, can’t sing Increased breathing and sweating 6 Moderate 7 Somewhat hard Feeling ‘out of breath’ and increased sweating High 8 Very hard 75–90% Can’t talk or sing 9 Extremely hard 10 Maximal exertion **%HR max will not be an accurate measure of exercise intensity if your heart rate is effected by certain medications or conditions 49 Figure 1Levels of self reported physical activity based on the NAPQ-short questionnaire and WHO 2020 physical activity guidelines[Figure omitted. See PDF] 49 Figure 2Variety of patients with a diagnosis of a cardiac condition or a family history of a cardiac condition receiving an exercise prescription. HCM;hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, DCM;dilated cardiomyopathy, ARVC;arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, LQTS;long QT syndrome, Brugada;brugada Syndrome, CPVT;catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, SADS;sudden adult death syndrome, Other;Friedreich’s ataxia, ischemic heart disease, supraventricular tachycardia)[Figure omitted. See PDF]ConclusionsCompared to the general adult Irish population, self reported adherence to the WHO PA Guidelines was 6% lower among the CRY Clinic patient cohort (33% vs. 27%). Additionally, reported resistance exercise levels was lower (30%) than aerobic exercise (72%). This is despite resistance exercise being additionally beneficial for many cardiac conditions. During the period of data collection, access to gyms and group exercise was limited due to pandemic government restrictions that likely effected resistance exercise more than aerobic exercise. In fact, a significant increase in recreational walking during covid restrictions was previously reported. Exercise is often discussed during medical consultation but rarely prescribed. In our cohort only 0.5% of patients received an Ex Rx. The reported barriers to Ex Rx are lack of time, perceived lack of patient engagement, complex co-morbidities and clinician education. Attempts were made in the form of education and resource provision to clinicians to challenge perceived barriers. Ex Rx are important in the CRY Clinic not only for the known benefits of PA but as inappropriate exercise can be harmful for some cardiac conditions. The Ex Rx enabled the benefit of PA to be gained by the safe promotion of appropriate exercise to such patients (figure 2). The introduction of this PA assessment and Ex Rx was a successful call to action to incorporate exercise as medicine to the CRY Clinic. ‘Walking is a (wo)mans best medicine’ (Hippocrates 460BC).

8.
Indian Journal of Positive Psychology ; 13(3):290-293, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2057552

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic led to a huge shift in the lifestyle patterns of the entire global population. The pandemic led to a regression in the overall health of an individual, be it physical, mental, or social well-being. Being physically active not only keeps the mind calm but also reduces the risk of disease. A healthy adult should work out at least 75 minutes a week. Getting infected by a virus like the COVID-19 virus indicated the abstinence írom working out and exercising for a certain time period due to a significant effect on the stamina and overall health of individuals. According to the study conducted, 22.7% of the respondents did not undertake any form of physical exercise before getting infected with the virus but it reduced to 11.3% post-COVID infection, this has been correlated with the time required to rest before resuming the exercise regime after recovering. It is also seen that there has been a significant reduction in the stamina of 39% of the respondents due to the infection with the virus. The perspective of the population on the importance of various forms of physical exercises such as breathing exercises, yoga, etc. was also assessed. The aftermath of the viral outbreak on the physical activity of the population should not be disregarded.

9.
Indian Journal of Health and Wellbeing ; 13(3):372-375, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2057489

ABSTRACT

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a rare genetic disorder that affects about 0.8 million Indian children. The incidence rate of 1:3500 male births is the most common form of all muscular dystrophies. Covid-19 pandemic cause profound devastation to the lives of DMD children. The muscles are weaker in DMD, and the children are more prone to lung infections. Coronavirus (COVID-19) is a severe lung infection that disturbs the entire function of the World. DMD already has weakness in major muscles, including the respiratory. So, the study aims to identity the effect of low-intensity aerobic exercises in children with DMD. This is a home-based pilot study with 11 DMD children and wheelchair dependent since, for ten years, they have been on continuous rehabilitation and monitoring. When the pandemic was declared in India in March 2020, all children were given clear notes on the disease and its severity to the parents. Self-created quarantine exercise protocol, which includes Limb exercises, breathing exercises, trunk mobility exercises, and positioning, was taught along with a logbook given to all the children. Video calls, and WhatsApp videos, were used to monitor them regularly. The physiotherapist made a personal visit in June 2020 to review the exercises, and subsequently on Aug 20, Oct 20, Dec 20, Feb 21, and May 21. Observations are detailed here. The infection rate was 3 out of 9, and they got admitted to the hospital for other illnesses. All the children noted Flu infection but recovered within ten days without hospitalization. The parents monitored their SPo2 and temperature and updated them in the logbook. A lung function test was done using a handheld incentive spirometer during the personnel visit by the therapist and found satisfactory. The study concluded a significant improvement in the DMD children following low-intensity and quarantine exercises.

10.
Cancer Nursing Practice ; 19(4):18-21, 2020.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2056274

ABSTRACT

The restrictions imposed by coronavirus meant limits on the chance to exercise outdoors. But being active remains important before, during and after cancer treatment, and international experts have called for ‘exercise prescriptions’ to cope with side effects of treatment and lower the risk of some cancers returning.

11.
Polish Journal of Sport and Tourism ; 29(3):23-28, 2022.
Article in Polish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2054853

ABSTRACT

Introduction. During the COVID-19 pandemic, comprehensive social distancing policies, such as prohibiting agglomerations, travel restrictions, and staying-at-home recommendations, were adopted by several countries. Due to these lockdown measures, older adults decreased daily physical activity levels, consequently increasing sedentary behavior. This pilot feasibility study aimed to explore the feasibility of implementation (i.e., adherence, safety) and acceptability (i.e., satisfaction, intent to continue use, perceived appropriateness) of an online face-to-face supervised exercise intervention in a sample of older adults.Material and Methods. Seven older adults (mean age: 68 ± 5 years;38% females) completed the study. The exercise program was composed of two 45-min sessions per week for five consecutive weeks. Participants followed a remote exercise program in Zoom©. After each training session, both participants and the fitness trainer completed a questionnaire designed to investigate the acceptability and feasibility of the exercise program.Results. Six out of seven participants (i.e., 86%) attended 100% of the workouts. No experience of fall/injury occurred during the training. All the participants agreed or strongly agreed to have the competence to perform the proposed exercise (range 100-42.9%), and this perception increased at the end of the intervention.Conclusions. Our results suggest that an online physical exercise program using web technology seems to be feasible and acceptable to independent older adults. The program does not require specific equipment, shows a high adherence level, and seems safe. Moreover, both the participants and the fitness trainer reported a high level of satisfaction with the activity.

12.
Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. In Practice ; 10(10):A25-A29, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2050122

ABSTRACT

Administration of biologics is not necessary to be postponed due to SARS-CoV-2 infection.Constant-Load Exercise Versus High-Intensity Interval Training on Aerobic Fitness in Moderate-to-Severe Asthma: A Randomized Controlled Trial Aparecido da Silva et al 2596 What is already known about this topic? Bronchiectasis is expected to worsen the clinical and functional outcomes in patients with asthma, but limited data are available regarding the long-term effects of bronchiectasis on the clinical course of asthma. Data from this large, prospective study translate the OCS-sparing effect of mepolizumab in patients with severe asthma reported across randomized, placebo-controlled trials into real-world clinical effectiveness when used alongside standard of care. [...]these risk factors are not of sufficient magnitude to warrant special measures regarding their vaccination.Assessment of Immediate Allergic Reactions After Immunization With the Pfizer BNT162b2 Vaccine Using Intradermal Skin Testing With the COVID-19 Vaccines Shavit et al 2677 What is already known about this topic?

13.
Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering ; 83(11-B):No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2046836

ABSTRACT

: There have been many interventions used to support individuals in increasing their physical activity. Some that have been more of a "fad" and others that have a stronger scientific background. The current study includes behavior analytic technologies to support participants in increasing their overall goal areas of increasing physical activity. Simultaneously, the efficacy of the interventions of compassionate care and feedback were examined in this context of physical fitness, through a virtual format during the COVID-19 global pandemic. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

14.
Cuadernos de Psicología del Deporte ; 22(3):58-67, 2022.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2046560

ABSTRACT

El objetivo principal de este estudio fue analizar el estado de ánimo y el nivel de dependencia al ejercicio físico de alumnos universitarios en etapa de confinamiento, y su interrelación entre ellos, en función del sexo, de si practican deporte federado en la actualidad y el nivel de preocupación hacia la problemática creada por el COVID-19 a nivel mundial. En el estudio, participaron 177 alumnos universitarios (133 hombres y 44 mujeres) de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte de la Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca con una media de edad de 20.85 (± 2.83) años y una disminución de práctica de actividad física del 73.5% en las dos primeras semanas de confinamiento. Los instrumentos utilizados para evaluar estos constructos fueron la Escala Revisada de Dependencia al Ejercicio (EDS-R) y el Profile Mood States (POMS) en versión reducida. Los resultados muestran que existe una correlación positiva significativa entre el nivel de dependencia al ejercicio físico y la Tensión, la Cólera, la Fatiga y el Estado Deprimido y una correlación negativa con el Vigor y la Amistad. En conclusión, se pone de manifiesto la importancia de la práctica de actividad física para la mejora de la salud anímica de los estudiantes universitarios.Alternate :The main purpose of the study was to analyze the mood and the level of dependence on physical exercise of college students during the lockdown, and its interrelation between them, according to gender, whether they currently practice federated sport and the level of concern towards the problem created by COVID-19 at a global level. In the study, 177 university students (133 males and 44 females) of the Degree in Physical Activity and Sport Sciences of the Pontifical University of Salamanca participated with an average age of 20.85 (± 2.83) years and a decrease in physical activity practice of 73.5% in the first two weeks of lockdown. The instruments used to evaluate these constructs were the Revised Scale of Exercise Dependence (EDS-R) and the Profile Mood States (POMS) in a reduced version. The results show that there is a significant positive correlation between the level of exercise dependence and Stress, Anger, Fatigue and Depressed state and a negative correlation with Vigor and Friendship. In conclusion, the importance of practicing physical activity is evident to improve the mental health of college students.Alternate :O principal objectivo desde estudo era analisar o estado de espírito e o nível de dependência do exercício físico dos estudantes universitários em confinamento, e a sua inter-relação entre si, de acordo com o género, se praticam actualmente desporto federado e o nível de preocupação com o problema criado pela COVID-19 a nível global. No estudo, participaram 177 estudantes universitários (133 homens e 44 mulheres) da Licenciatura em Atividade Física e Ciências do Esporte da Pontifícia Universidade de Salamanca com uma média de idade de 20,85 (±2,83) anos e uma diminuição na prática de atividade física de 73,5% nas primeiras duas semanas de confinamento. Os instrumentos utilizados para avaliar estas construções foram a Escala Revisada de Dependência do Exercício (EDSR) e o Perfil Mood States (POMS) numa versão reduzida. Os resultados mostram que existe uma correlação positiva significativa entre o nível de dependência do exercício e o estado de Stress, Raiva, Fadiga e Deprimido e uma correlação negativa com o Vigor e a Amizade. Em conclusão, a importância da actividade física para melhorar a saúde mental dos estudantes universitários é evidente.

15.
Journal of Environmental Health ; 85(3):50-61, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2044898

ABSTRACT

Panelists included Eric Bradley, deputy health director of Linn County Public Health;Tom Gonzales, public health director of the Larimer County Department of Health and Environment;and Niki Lemin, assistant health commissioner and director of environmental health for Franklin County Public Health. William (Bill) Marler, JD, attorney and food safety expert from Marler Clark, The Food Safety Law Firm, closed out the AEC by speaking virtually to attendees about a lawyer's view of modern foodborne outbreaks. During the first 2 years of the COVID-19 pandemic, he was environmental health manager for the Scott County Health Department in Davenport, Iowa. * Tom Gonzales, public health director for the Larimer County Department of Health and Environment in Fort Collins, Colorado. Prior to this position, he served as deputy public Featured Speakers health director at El Paso County Public Health in Colorado Springs, Colorado, and oversaw programs for environmental health and emergency preparedness and response. * Niki Lemin, assistant health commissioner and environmental health director of Franklin County Public Health in Columbus, Ohio.

16.
Science & Sports ; 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2042123

ABSTRACT

Summary Introduction Running helps maintain aerobic and anaerobic fitness and normal body weight in combat fighters. However, alternative training methods are necessary to maintain combat fitness when conditions do not allow running, be it service-related or, recently, coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic-related limitations. This prospective interventional, unblinded, nonrandomized controlled study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a high-intensity interval training program that excluded prolonged running in maintaining physical fitness and bodyweight. Summary of facts and results The study included 60 compulsory service male soldiers, aged 20.45±0.48 years, divided into equal matched intervention and control groups. The three weekly workouts in the control group comprised 5–8km running. The intervention group underwent three weekly workouts that included agility and strength training at short, intense intervals with brief recovery times between sets. The groups were compared before and after six weeks of training. At the start and end of the six-week program, the groups were similar at a significance level of P<0.05 for bodyweight, body fat and muscle percent, background characteristics, Army Fitness Test (3-km running, pull-ups, squats, dips), agility, and maximal oxygen consumption. Conclusion Our findings showed that the intervention training program was as effective as the standard running program in maintaining the participants aerobic and anaerobic fitness and normal bodyweight. The suggested high-intensity interval training program could be a viable fitness strategy when running is not possible in combat soldiers and civilians alike. Résumé Introduction La course à pied aide à maintenir la forme aérobie et anaérobie et un poids corporel normal chez les combattants. Cependant, des méthodes d’entraînement alternatives sont nécessaires pour maintenir l’aptitude au combat lorsque les conditions ne permettent pas de courir, que ce soit des limitations liées au service ou, récemment, liées à la pandémie de coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19). Cette étude prospective interventionnelle, sans insu et non randomisée visait à évaluer l’efficacité d’un programme d’entraînement par intervalles à haute intensité qui exclurait la course prolongée pour maintenir la forme physique et le poids corporel. Résumé des faits et des résultats L’étude a été portée sur 60 soldats (Homme) en service obligatoire, âgés de 20,45±0,48 ans, répartis en groupes recherche et de contrôle appariés égaux. Les trois entraînements hebdomadaires du groupe témoin comprenaient 5 à 8km de course. Le groupe recherche a également subi trois séances d’entraînement hebdomadaires comprenant de l’agilité et de la musculation à intervalles courts et intenses avec de brefs temps de récupération entre les séries. Les groupes ont été comparés avant et après six semaines d’entraînement. Au début et à la fin du programme de six semaines, les groupes étaient similaires à un niveau de signification de p<0,05 pour le poids corporel, le pourcentage de graisse corporelle et de muscle, les caractéristiques de base, le test de condition physique de l’armée (course de 3km, tractions, squats, dips), agilité et consommation maximale d’oxygène. Conclusion Nos résultats ont montré que le programme d’entraînement utilisé était aussi efficace que le programme de course standard pour maintenir la forme aérobie et anaérobie des participants et un poids corporel normal. Le programme d’entraînement par intervalles à haute intensité suggéré pourrait être une stratégie de remise en forme viable lorsque la course n’est pas possible chez les soldats de combat et les civils.

17.
Front Pediatr ; 10: 932734, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2039693

ABSTRACT

Background: Social distancing and school closures during the COVID-19 pandemic reduced the physical activities of the preschool children living in China. However, the effects of home-based exercise on the physical fitness of Chinese preschool children during COVID-19 school closures are still unknown. This study aimed to investigate the effects of home-based exercise on the physical fitness of Chinese preschool children during COVID-19 school closure. Methods: In this retrospective analysis, data from 1,608 Chinese preschool children (aged 3-5.5 years) in a second-tier city of Guangdong Province of China (Zhongshan city) were extracted from three successive National Physical Fitness Measurement (NPFM) from 2019 to 2021. NPFM consists of weight, height, and six subtests of physical fitness including 10-m shuttle run test (SRT), standing long jump (SLJ), balance beam walking (BBW), sit-and-reach (SR), tennis throwing (TT), and double-leg timed hop (DTH) tests. The change differences or change ratios of all the items in NPFM between any two successive years from 2019 to 2021 were compared. The exercise profiles about home-based and outdoor exercise before, during, and after COVID-19 school closure were obtained from 185 preschool children via retrospective telephone survey. Results: Between 2019 and 2021, 1,608 preschool children were included in this study. We observed larger changes in SLJ, SR, TT, and DTH tests during school closure than after school closure. But the children showed lower reduction rates in the completion time of SRT and BBW. During school closure, higher change ratios in SLJ and TT were observed in the children primarily participating in home-based exercise than those primarily participating in outdoor exercise. However, no statistical differences were observed in the changes in SRT and BBW between home-based and outdoor training groups. Conclusion: The home-based exercise program might be an alternative approach to improve the physical fitness of preschool children during COVID-19 school closure, but could not be beneficial to speed-agility and balance functions. A specific guideline geared toward a home-based exercise program during the COVID-19 outbreak is highly needed.

18.
Fiziceskoe Vospitanie Studentov ; 1:51-57, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040471

ABSTRACT

Background and Study Aim. The COVID - 19 pandemic has post threats on the physical and mental fitness of the people. Thus, the study determined the effectiveness of home quarantine - based rhythmic exercises to the fitness level of the university students in physical education. Material and Methods. University students were the participants of the study. 200 student populations who were taking physical education subject in the year 2020 were considered. Quasi - experimental research design was employed and 96 participants between the age bracket of 18 - 26 (74 females & 22 males) were chosen using simple random sampling in determining the population size of the study. SPSS program was used in the analysis in the obtained data. Results. The result shown that there is a significant difference between the pre - test and post - test results in the fitness level of the participants in body mass index (T= -3.482, p < .001), cardiovascular endurance (T= -4.193, p < .000), flexibility (T= -6.279, p <.000), muscular endurance (T= -9.553, p <.000), and muscular strength (T= -7.569, p < .000) performing the home quarantine-based rhythmic exercises. Conclusion. Further, it is concluded that engaging in two (2) months home quarantine - based rhythmic exercises from 30 minutes to 1 hour with moderate to vigorous intensity augment the physical fitness level of an individual. Moreover, it is recommended to put vision accounts in strengthening the inclusion of home quarantine - based rhythmic exercises in teaching physical education either in synchronous and asynchronous in teaching - learning process.

19.
American Journal of Public Health ; 112(10):1360, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2039529

ABSTRACT

Imtiaz S, Nafeh F, Russell C, Ali F, Elton-Marshall T, Rehm J. The impact of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic on drug overdose-related deaths in the United States and Canada: a systematic review of observational studies and analysis of public health surveillance data. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy. 2021;16(1):87. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-021-00423-5 Monitoring PopulationLevel Physical Activity in Adolescents and Adults Namibia Nashandi et al. validated a selfreport questionnaire by comparing it to an accurate device-based method to assess moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) among adolescent girls (n = 52) and women (n = 51) in Namibia. BMC Public Health. 2021;21(1):1750. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-1 1765-x Automated Syndromic Surveillance in Communities Taiwan Chan et al. describe a surveillance system to serve as a sentinel for infectious disease outbreaks in Taipei City, Taiwan, using data from primary care clinics and community hospitals and incorporating spatiotemporal information.

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American Journal of Public Health ; 112(10):1363-1364, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2033797

ABSTRACT

Largely because of the COVID-19 pandemic, the United States experienced a decrease in life expectancy from 2019 to 2020, with a disproportionate burden among Hispanic and non-Hispanic Black populations.1 COVID-19 has also illustrated and continues to show the "fault lines" in public health, including inadequate surveillance systems, underfunding of public health and primary care, structural inequities, misand disinformation, and the intrusion of partisan politics into public health practice.2,3 In addressing the many opportunities and challenges for public health and preventive medicine, Matthew Boulton and Robert Wallace have assembled an impressive set of 186 chapters across 11 sections, authored by world-class experts on each topic. Global Health, Health Disparities & Vulnerable Populations, Nutrition & Physical Activity, and Mental Health & Substance Use. Across the many sections and chapters in this book, competencies can be mapped to academic course work, clinical rotations, short courses, practica, and on-the-job training programs for professionals in public health and preventive medicine.8,9 IMPLEMENTING KNOWN SOLUTIONS As described in multiple chapters, but particularly in the chapter on implementation science, the decades of scientific progress in medicine and public health have too often not been translated into equitable improvements in population health.10 By influencing how scientific evidence is scaled up into practice, implementation science has great potential to accelerate progress toward achieving public health goals by seeking to understand and influence how scientific evidence is put into practice.11 Evidence in multiple forms, but particularly evidence-based interventions, is the foundation of implementation science and progress in public health.12 FOCUSING ON HEALTH EQUITY Concepts of health disparities and health equity are more prominently featured in this new edition, across many chapters but particularly in section 3 on health disparities and vulnerable populations.

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