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1.
Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep ; 28: 101726, 2022 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2068628

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To report a case of presumed COVID-19 Pfizer third dose (booster) vaccination leading to severe panuveitis mimicking acute endophthalmitis in the early postoperative period following routine cataract extraction and intraocular lens implantation. Observations: A 68-year-old female with mild refractive error who previously received 2 doses of the BNT162b2 vaccine underwent routine cataract extraction and intraocular lens implantation in the right eye. On postoperative day (POD) 2 the patient received her BNT162b2 booster vaccination. On POD 3 the patient's vision was hand motion at face with photophobia. Anterior segment examination was significant for 2+ conjunctival injection, mild stromal edema, 4+ cell and flare with trace hypopyon, and 4+ anterior vitreous cell without any wound leak. Subsequent Gram staining, culture for aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, KOH preparation, and PCR testing for infectious organisms were also obtained, all of which were found to be negative. ESR and CRP values were also negative. The patient was started on intravitreal injections of vancomycin and ceftazidime, as well as oral moxifloxacin, fortified vancomycin and tobramycin drops, prednisolone acetate 1%, and atropine 1%. On POD 5 the patient reported significant improvement of her vision and was found to have 20/80 vision. On POD 12 her vision improved to 20/25, and improved further on POD 19 to 20/20 vision with a completely normal examination. Cultures remained negative throughout the entire course. Conclusions and importance: This is the first report to suggest a possible association between the BNT162b2 booster vaccination and development of acute panuveitis in the postoperative period after routine cataract extraction and intraocular lens implantation. This condition may mimic acute bacterial postoperative endophthalmitis and may portend a more favorable prognosis, but the authors believe such cases should nonetheless be treated aggressively as presumed infection.

2.
Eur J Ophthalmol ; : 11206721221124673, 2022 Sep 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2009295

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate corneal morphology after use of 0.5% intracameral moxifloxacin (ICM) in cataract surgery in patients who presented late with hard cataracts. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted from June-2021 to December-2021 at a tertiary eye-care center. 90 patients over 60 years with high-risk characteristics for Covid-19, who presented late with higher grades of nuclear-sclerosis (NS), were included. They underwent phacoemulsification and 0.5%moxifloxacin (0.1 ml) was injected intracamerally at the end of surgery. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), intraocular pressures (IOP), endothelial cell density (ECD), coefficient of variation in cell-area (CoV), hexagonality (Hex) and central corneal thickness (CCT) were measured preoperatively and postoperatively on day1, day7 and day30. Statistical analysis was done by Anova test. p-value<0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: Mean age of presentation was 65.26±8.3 years. Mean preoperative BCVA (1/60-to-6/60), IOP (16.7±2.3 mm of Hg), CCT (523.93±39.6µ), ECD (2547±302.08cells/mm2), Hex (47.04±5.7%) and CoV (37.57±3.9) changed to BCVA (6/9-to-6/6), IOP (17.5±2.1 mm of Hg), CCT (538.42±36.9µ), ECD (2388.40±339.25cells/mm2), Hex (44.44±5.6%) and CoV (39.09±4.5) at day30 postoperative. Average rate of change at day30 was increase in CCT (2.89%), ECD loss (6.4%), decrease in Hex (4.9%) and increase in CoV (4.6%), though clinically insignificant. No case of endophthalmitis or toxic-anterior segment syndrome seen. CONCLUSION: 0.5% moxifloxacin (0.1 ml) is safe as intracameral antibiotic to prevent postoperative infection in high-risk patients. The reported changes in the corneal parameters were within the range of any routine surgeries of hard senile cataracts. No specific effect could be attributed to ICM.

3.
Eur J Ophthalmol ; 32(4): 2445-2451, 2022 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1354692

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To assess the patterns of patient generated aerosol in the context of ophthalmic surgery and ophthalmic examinations. To inform medical teams regarding potential hazards and suggest mitigating measures. METHODS: Qualitatively, real-time time videography assessed exhalation patterns from simulated patients under different clinical scenarios using propylene glycol from an e-cigarette. Quantitatively, high-speed Schlieren imaging was performed to enable high resolution recordings analysable by MATLAB technical computing software. RESULTS: Without a face mask, the standard prior to COVID 19, vapour was observed exiting through the opening in the drape over the surgical field. The amount of vapour increased when a surgical mask was worn. With a taped face mask, the amount of vapour decreased and with inclusion of a continuous suction device, the least amount of vapour was seen. These results were equivocal when the patient was supine or sitting upright. High-speed Schlieren imaging corroborated these findings and in addition showed substantial increase in airflow egress during coughing and with ill-fitting face masks. CONCLUSION: Advising patients to wear a surgical mask at the time of ophthalmic interventions potentially contaminants the ocular field with patient generated aerosol risking endophthalmitis. Surgeon safety can be maintained with personal protective equipment to mitigate the increased egress of vapour from the surgical drape and taping, with or without suction is advisable, whilst meticulous hygiene around lenses is required at the time of slit lamp examination.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems , Endophthalmitis , Aerosols , COVID-19/prevention & control , Endophthalmitis/surgery , Humans , Personal Protective Equipment
4.
Ophthalmology ; 129(2): 129-138, 2022 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1307126

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare the rate of postoperative endophthalmitis after immediately sequential bilateral cataract surgery (ISBCS) versus delayed sequential bilateral cataract surgery (DSBCS) using the American Academy of Ophthalmology Intelligent Research in Sight (IRIS®) Registry database. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Patients in the IRIS Registry who underwent cataract surgery from 2013 through 2018. METHODS: Patients who underwent cataract surgery were divided into 2 groups: (1) ISBCS and (2) DSBCS (second-eye surgery ≥1 day after the first-eye surgery) or unilateral surgery. Postoperative endophthalmitis was defined as endophthalmitis occurring within 4 weeks of surgery by International Classification of Diseases (ICD) code and ICD code with additional clinical criteria. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Rate of postoperative endophthalmitis. RESULTS: Of 5 573 639 IRIS Registry patients who underwent cataract extraction, 165 609 underwent ISBCS, and 5 408 030 underwent DSBCS or unilateral surgery (3 695 440 DSBCS, 1 712 590 unilateral surgery only). A total of 3102 participants (0.056%) met study criteria of postoperative endophthalmitis with supporting clinical findings. The rates of endophthalmitis in either surgery eye between the 2 surgery groups were similar (0.059% in the ISBCS group vs. 0.056% in the DSBCS or unilateral group; P = 0.53). Although the incidence of endophthalmitis was slightly higher in the ISBCS group compared with the DSBCS or unilateral group, the odds ratio did not reach statistical significance (1.08; 95% confidence interval, 0.87-1.31; P = 0.47) after adjusting for age, sex, race, insurance status, and comorbid eye disease. Seven cases of bilateral endophthalmitis with supporting clinical data in the DSBCS group and no cases in the ISBCS group were identified. CONCLUSIONS: Risk of postoperative endophthalmitis was not statistically significantly different between patients who underwent ISBCS and DSBCS or unilateral cataract surgery.


Subject(s)
Cataract Extraction/adverse effects , Endophthalmitis/epidemiology , Lens Implantation, Intraocular/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Registries , Visual Acuity , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , Databases, Factual , Endophthalmitis/etiology , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Incidence , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , United States/epidemiology , Young Adult
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