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1.
Revista Cientifica Multidisciplinar RECIMA21 ; 3(5), 2022.
Article in Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2101085

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: to analyze the scientific evidence on the impairment of integrality of the older person after cases of violence during the COVID-19 pandemic METHOD: Integrative review of articles in the Virtual Health Library (VHL), SCIELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online), LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences), BDENF (Nursing Database), PubMed, published in the last five years, from the descriptors: Elder Abuse, Elderabuse, Elderly (Aged), Violence, Pandemic by COVID-19 (COVID-19 pandemic). For improvement, the PRISMA flowchart was used. RESULTS: Five articles were identified that cases of violence against the older person had a great increase in the pandemic due to social isolation, which affect the integrality of the older person through physical, psychological and social aspects. CONCLUSION: The study brings great relevance to the current scenario and to the sectors interested in cases of violence against the old person that have a considerable increase in current society, especially in times of pandemic.

2.
Revista Cientifica Multidisciplinar RECIMA21 ; 3(5), 2022.
Article in Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2101084

ABSTRACT

Introduction: When referring to COVID-19, the respiratory symptoms dominate the discussions and initial concerns of the population and health professionals, especially the development of severe acute respiratory distress syndrome. However, the cardiovascular system is greatly affected by these conditions, that is, being responsible for complications and mortality in these patients. Objectives: to identify scientific evidence on the association between cardiovascular diseases and COVID-19 infection. Methodology: an integrative review was conducted based on 10 articles in English, Portuguese, and Spanish, available on the PubMed, Lilacs, and Scielo platforms. The search strategy used terms obtained from DeCS and MESH and synonyms combined with Boolean operators (AND, OR).

3.
RETOS Neuvas Tendencias en Educacion Fisica, Deporte y Recreacion ; 46:283-291, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2101057

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 pandemic caused unprecedented disruption in everyone's worldwide. The lockdown and related restrictions to which the Spanish population was subjected affected the general health of our society as a whole.

4.
RETOS Neuvas Tendencias en Educacion Fisica, Deporte y Recreacion ; 46:604-612, 2022.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2101055

ABSTRACT

The present study aims to determine the eating habits, nutritional status and level of physical activity in pandemic period of university students in the Maule Region. It corresponded to a descriptive, cross-sectional, non-experimental quantitative approach. The population was made up of 1.253 young adults (21.22+or-2.27 years) who are studying between the first and last year of undergraduate university. Two questionnaires were applied: National Health Survey (Chile) and International Questionnaire of Physical Activity (IQPA). Regarding the results, it was observed that: on average the entire sample increased two kilograms of body weight compared to the pre-pandemic period. Regarding the level of physical activity and in relation to the MET'S spent by both men and women, they do not reach the minimum weekly recommendations. In addition, women reported a higher prevalence of sedentary lifestyle. Students during the period of confinement as a result of the pandemic, report good eating habits, most of them have a normal nutritional status (BMI) and regarding the level of physical activity, a high percentage does not reach the minimum recommendations established by the WHO.

5.
Agro Bali: Agricultural Journal ; 5(1):30-41, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2101037

ABSTRACT

"""Nipahol"" is high-grade bioethanol produced from nipa sap using the proprietary fermentation and distillation technologies developed by a group of researchers at the Mariano Marcos State University-National Bioenergy Research and Innovation Center (MMSU-NBERIC). To ensure the quality and efficacy of the formulated product, the present study was set to explore the antibacterial potential of the locally formulated nipa disinfectant/antiseptic as an alternative alcohol formulation for possible use during the COVID-19 pandemic using standard microbiological assays. Susceptibility test revealed that at least 70% nipa alcohol formulations showed inhibitory activity against Staphylococcus aureus (6.25 mm and 4.25 mm zone of inhibitions). The 95% nipa alcohol concentration showed a bactericidal effect against Escherichia coli and S. aureus. High percent (%) bacterial cell reduction (90-99.9% log reduction) was observed when alcohol concentration and time increases. A confirmatory antimicrobial susceptibility test conducted by Philippine Department of Science and Technology, Microbiology Division reported that 95% nipa alcohol showed active inhibitory effect to test organisms while partial active observed in 70% nipa alcohol formulation. Glo-Germ Test revealed nipa disinfectant/antiseptic is as effective as commercial alcohol, thus, it can be utilized as an alternative intervention to prevent the spread of infectious microorganisms. The effectiveness of nipa disinfectant/antiseptic formulations is heightened with proper handwashing, strictly following proper hygiene, and health protocols. In conclusion, the formulated nipahol possesses the antibacterial potential to inhibit the multiplication of E. coli and S. aureus."

6.
Respiratory Science ; 2(3):132-142, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2101029

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). The increase in the number of COVID-19 cases was happening quite quickly and has spread between countries so that COVID-19 has become a pandemic in the world. This study aimed to determine the characteristics of COVID-19 patients at Haji Adam Malik General Hospital Medan. Method: This was a descriptive study. Data were taken from the medical records of 110 hospitalized patients with positive RT-PCR results for COVID-19 from December 2020 to April 2021. The inclusion criteria for the case samples were patients diagnosed with COVID-19 based on RT-PCR and the exclusion criteria were incomplete medical records. Characteristic analysis was carried out using the Kruskal Wallis test.

7.
Respiratory Science ; 2(3):143-147, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2101028

ABSTRACT

Background: Severe acute respiratory injury caused by COVID-19 (ARDS) is a serious emerging complication. ARDS results from a cytokine storm that occurs in the second week of the disease course and acute-onset hypoxemia can be seen with bilateral infiltrates on chest radiograph. This study aimed to relate the severity of symptoms and D-dimer level to the incidence of ARDS in COVID-19 at H. Adam Malik Hospital as the referral center for COVID-19 in North Sumatra. Method: This was a descriptive study with a retrospective cohort design. The sample of this study was secondary data from medical records of positive RT-PCR COVID-19 patients from November 2020 to April 2021. The inclusion criteria were patients with moderate to critical COVID-19 cases with D-dimer examination taken from the first day of admission. Subjects were then followed up until discharge from the hospital to assess for ARDS episodes which were confirmed by the results of PaO2/FiO2 in arterial blood gases and bilateral infiltrations in chest X-Ray. The exclusion criteria were incomplete medical records.

8.
Revista Medica del Uruguay ; 38(3), 2022.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2100891

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has affected women's health and, in particular, sexual and reproductive rights. In the context of healthcare changes due to the COVID 19 pandemic, the screening and follow-up of premalignant lesions of cervical cancer (CC) could be affected, putting their timely diagnosis and early treatment at risk. The objective of this study is to report the times elapsed between the result of the pathological screening and the treatment of premalignant CCU lesions, comparing them with the periods established by the current ministerial ordinance and comparing the times observed before and during the pandemic.

9.
Istanbul Tip Fakultesi Dergisi / Journal of Istanbul Faculty of Medicine ; 85(2):147-154, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2100878

ABSTRACT

"Objective: The study objective was to explore the episode of COVID-19 symptoms among sub-Saharan African (SSA) by examining the predicting effect of mask usage, self-medication, and personal sensitivity on the symptoms. Materials and Methods: In a cross-sectional study in the SSA population, 536 individuals were asked about the episode of COVID-19 symptoms, personal sensitivity, mask usage, and self-medication. ""Hierarchical multiple linear regression statistical method"" was used to evaluate the data."

10.
Online Turk Saglik Bilimleri Dergisi ; 6(4):548-553, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2100864

ABSTRACT

Objective: It was aimed to argue the asymptomatic Covid-19 seroprevalence in patients scheduled for elective cataract surgery, to investigate the cost effects of Covid-19 on cataract surgery, and the effects of routinely using the screening test before surgery. Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional and observational study. The study group included 217 patients without any symptoms of Covid-19 who underwent real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT PCR) testing for SARS CoV 2 before surgery during the pandemic period and the control group included 200 patients who under-went elective cataract surgery procedure before the Covid-19 pandemic. Their demographic characteristics and the length of hospital stay were recorded. Equipment fees, laboratory fees, drug fees, and hospital service fees were recorded, and cost analysis was made. Seroprevalence of Covid-19 was calculated.

11.
International Journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research ; 10(3):219-228, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2100686

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 is a systemic infection with a significant impact on the hematopoietic system and hemostasis. Infected subjects are at high risk for coagulation diseases such as venous thromboembolism. Objectives: The aim of the present study was to investigate the consequences of delayed referral of patients with COVID-19 in Ilam.

12.
Jurnal Ners ; 17(1):74-82, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2100630

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Implementing health protocols became a challenge for older adults living in rural area. This study aimed to analyze the factors influencing implementation of COVID-19 health protocols among elderly in rural areas based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB).

13.
Journal of Management Strategies in Health System ; 6(3), 2021.
Article in Persian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2100590

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus 2019 first broke out on December 17, 2019 in Wuhan, China, and on March 11, 2020, it was announced as a worldwide pandemic by the World Health Organization. Despite nutritious diets and promising vaccines, health tips such as wearing a mask, social distancing, home quarantine, and not traveling are still the best ways to control the spread of COVID-19. While the widespread prevalence of COVID-19, severe restrictions, lack of definitive treatment, and the high infection and mortality rates have led to cognitive psychological disorders among the general population of the world. One of the epidemic consequences of COVID-19 syndrome in people who have defeated the coronavirus was psychological disorders. Considering the role of mental health in boosting the immune system, improving the effectiveness of the COVID-19 vaccine and accelerating the treatment process of patients, it is suggested that in the post-COVID era, more attention be paid to the psychological health of the community.

14.
Medicine Anthropology Theory ; 9(3), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2100547

ABSTRACT

What counts as a 'crisis'? How do we determine an 'emergency'? Who gets to do so, and what exactly is at stake? Scholarly examinations of 'crises', including, most notably, seminal work by Janet Roitman (2013), frequently underscores how the 'crisis imaginary' is employed to rapidly and unjustifiably expand State power. Certainly, State responses to the COVID-19 pandemic have amply demonstrated this critique, as was noted early on by both Agamben (2020) and Chomsky (2020). Nonetheless, regardless of its political manipulations, crisis can also be understood as a phenomenological state, as there exist moments during which we collectively experience being plunged into a radically different time-space that is perhaps best conceptualised as a 'collective critical event'. Such 'extraordinary' times have been denoted as events beyond the scope of narration (Briggs 2003);'failure[s] of the grammar of the ordinary' (Das 2007);or moments of incredulity that surpass our capacities of narration. By focusing on the languaging of the COVID-19 pandemic in Aotearoa/New Zealand, this Position Piece grapples with how to reconcile the insights offered by critiques of the political deployment of claims of 'crises' with anthropological and other phenomenological accounts of experiences of moments of profound upheaval.

15.
Medicine Anthropology Theory ; 9(3), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2100545

ABSTRACT

In this Field Note piece, I use my clinical and research experiences in the UK and Uganda during the COVID-19 pandemic to explore the contrasting ways it unravelled in each setting during the period between January 2020 and October 2021. In the UK, working as a clinician while also studying at a leading public health institution, my life became monopolised by COVID-19, particularly in relation to concerns around direct transmission of the virus and the illness it causes. Whilst conducting fieldwork and working in a health centre in Uganda, however, I was reminded to pay greater attention to the effects of COVID-19 restrictions and the burden of other causes of ill health. Bringing together these experiences, this piece explores how priorities and preparedness for fieldwork developed in one setting do not necessarily translate to another location, thereby underlining the challenges of planning adequately for fieldwork.

16.
PLoS Global Public Health ; 2(9), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2098680

ABSTRACT

Indonesia is a high-burden tuberculosis (TB) country with a wide case detection gap, exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. We aimed to review the epidemiology of TB in a high-endemic setting of Indonesia before and during the implementation of health system strengthening activities for TB, including during the first two years of the COVID-19 pandemic. We analysed TB program data from Mimika District, Papua, Indonesia from 2014 to 2021. Health system strengthening activities to improve the programmatic management of TB were implemented from 2017 onwards. Activities included decentralization of TB services, training and mentoring of healthcare workers, improved screening for co-morbidities, and introduction and optimisation of Xpert testing in 2018. A total of 11,803 TB cases were notified to the Mimika District Health Office over eight years (2014-21). Between 2015 and 2019, there was a 67% increase in annual case notifications, an 89% increase in bacteriologically confirmed cases and the proportion of TB cases detected in primary care increased from 26% to 46%. In 2020, coinciding with the COVID-19 pandemic, investigation of people with presumptive TB fell by 38%, but the proportion of those tested with Xpert increased. TB case notifications decreased by 19% from 1,796 in 2019 to 1,461 in 2020, but then increased by 17% to 1,716 in 2021. Routine screening for co-morbidities (HIV, diabetes) among TB patients improved over time and was not affected by the pandemic. Treatment success overall was 71% and remained relatively unchanged. Loss to follow-up and death were 18% and 3.7% respectively. Improvements in TB case finding were observed over a period in which a range of health system strengthening activities were implemented. While COVID-19 had a negative impact on the TB program in Mimika District, there are encouraging signs of recovery. Further work is needed to improve TB treatment outcomes.

17.
PLoS Global Public Health ; 2(9), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2098678

ABSTRACT

Adolescence presents a key opportunity to build vaccine-related health literacy and promote vaccine confidence and uptake. Although adolescents are central to vaccination programs, their views around vaccines are frequently underrepresented in qualitative literature. We reviewed qualitative studies to systematically identify and summarize existing evidence on adolescents' own understanding of vaccines and experiences with vaccine decision-making, including self-consent when applicable. CINAHL;Embase;Ovid Medline;and Psych Info database searches were last updated on May 28, 2022. Data pertaining to general study characteristics, participant demographics, and qualitative content were extracted independently by two reviewers and analyzed using textual narrative synthesis. Out of 3559 individual records, 59 studies were included. The majority of the studies were conducted in high-income countries and 75% focused on human papilloma virus vaccines, with the remaining studies looking at COVID-19, meningococcal, hepatitis B and influenza vaccines or adolescent experiences with vaccines in general. Adolescent self-consent was explored in 7 studies. Perspectives from sexual and gender minorities were lacking across studies. Adolescents often had limited understanding of different vaccines and commonly perceived vaccine information to be directed towards their parents rather than themselves. Many adolescents felt school-based vaccine education and information available through healthcare providers were insufficient to make informed decisions about vaccines. While adolescents described obtaining vaccine information from traditional and online media, face-to-face interactions and opinions from trusted adults remained important. Adolescents generally relied on their parents for vaccine-decision making, even when self-consent was an option. A notable exception to this included marginalized adolescents who could not rely on parents for health-related advice. Qualitative literature about adolescent vaccines would be enriched by studies examining vaccines other than the HPV vaccine, studies examining adolescent vaccine programs in low and middle-income countries, and by deliberately eliciting vaccine experiences of adolescent with diverse sexual orientation and gender identities.

18.
PLoS Global Public Health ; 2(9), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2098676

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic lockdown has posed numerous unique challenges for cancer patients, families and healthcare workers. However, the reports on psychosocial issues associated with such situations are scarce. This study aims to determine the psychosocial issues faced by cancer patients during COVID-19 pandemic lockdown.

19.
PLoS Global Public Health ; 2(9), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2098675

ABSTRACT

We investigated the first 152 laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 cases (125 primary and 27 secondary) and their 248 close contacts in Kisumu County, Kenya. Conducted June 10-October 8, 2020, this study included interviews and sample collection at enrolment and 14-21 days later. Median age was 35 years (IQR 28-44);69.0% reported COVID-19 related symptoms, most commonly cough (60.0%), headache (55.2%), fever (53.3%) and loss of taste or smell (43.8%). One in five were hospitalized, 34.4% >25 years of age had at least one comorbidity, and all deaths had comorbidities. Adults 25 years with a comorbidity were 3.15 (95% CI 1.37-7.26) times more likely to have been hospitalized or died than participants without a comorbidity. Infectious comorbidities included HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria, but no current cases of influenza, respiratory syncytial virus, dengue fever, leptospirosis or chikungunya were identified. Thirteen (10.4%) of the 125 primary infections transmitted COVID-19 to 27 close contacts, 158 (63.7%) of whom resided or worked within the same household. Thirty-one percent (4 of 13) of those who transmitted COVID-19 to secondary cases were health care workers;no known secondary transmissions occurred between health care workers. This rapid assessment early in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic identified some context-specific characteristics which conflicted with the national line-listing of cases, and which have been substantiated in the year since. These included over two-thirds of cases reporting the development of symptoms during the two weeks after diagnosis, compared to the 7% of cases reported nationally;over half of cases reporting headaches, and nearly half of all cases reporting loss of taste and smell, none of which were reported at the time by the World Health Organization to be common symptoms. This study highlights the importance of rapid in-depth assessments of outbreaks in understanding the local epidemiology and response measures required.

20.
PLoS Global Public Health ; 2(9), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2098671

ABSTRACT

Introduction: In the early parts of the COVID-19 pandemic, non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) were implemented worldwide, including in sub-Saharan Africa, to prevent and control SARS-CoV-2 transmission. This mixed-methods study examines adherence to and enforcement of NPIs implemented to curb COVID-19 in Nigeria, Rwanda, and Zambia, leading up to the 10,000th case of laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 in each country. Additionally, we aim to evaluate the relationship between levels and changes of NPIs over time and changes in COVID-19 cases and deaths.

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