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1.
تقییم الاحتیاجات النفسیة لعینة من مقدمي الرعایة الصحیة المصریین أثناء جائحة الكوفید19 ; 34(1):64-74, 2023.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-20242249

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The current study aims to identify the psychosocial needs of frontline Healthcare Workers (HCWs) during the COVID-19 pandemic and investigate the factors contributing to their psychosocial well-being. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study using an online survey designed specifically for the aim of this study. Data was collected from 315 frontline healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Results: Up to 90 % of the responders reported a range of symptoms related to psychological distress such as worry, insomnia, lack of motivation, negative thoughts, inability to achieve goals, and burnout. Psychological support, religion-based support, communicating with family, and good sleep are among the stress-relieving factors most mentioned by HCWs. The change in work conditions and increased awareness of the need to use different strategies to overcome stress was associated with decreased levels of perceived stress among health care providers. Conclusion: The change in work conditions, the increased awareness of HCWs to their needs, and the use of different strategies to overcome were associated with decreased levels of perceived stress among HCWs. The increased number of working hours per day and younger age of the participants were the only significant independent variables detecting the need for psychological support. This research is a call for designing and implementing tailored needs-based interventions that address the different aspects of HCWs' well-being during public health emergencies. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Arab Journal of Psychiatry is the property of Arab Federation of Psychiatrists and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

2.
International Journal of Mental Health Promotion ; 25(5):687-697, 2023.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-20237918

ABSTRACT

Background: In crisis intervention sites such as infectious disease disasters, counselors are repeatedly exposed, directly or indirectly, to the traumatic experiences of victims. Disaster counseling has a negative effect on coun-selors, which can eventually interfere with the counseling process for disaster victims. Therefore, exploring and understanding the experiences of counselors is necessary to ensure that qualitative counseling for disaster victims can be continuously and efficiently conducted. Objectives: This study investigated the experiences of counselors who participated in mental health counseling as psychological support for victims of the COVID-19 disaster in Korea. Design: This is a qualitative study. Participants: The study participants comprised 18 counselors who had mental health professional qualifications of level 2 or higher and who had provided mental health counseling for COVID-19 confirmed cases and quarantined persons. Methods: Data were collected using focus group interviews from February 21 to May 29, 2021. The duration of each interview was 60-90 min, and the data were analyzed using content analysis. Results: The final theme was "Continuing to walk this road anytime, anywhere." The par-ticipants' experiences were identified in four sub-themes: "being deployed to unprepared counseling," "encoun-tering various difficulties," "feeling full of meaning and value," and "hoping to become a better counselor." Conclusions: In order to continuously provide qualitative counseling in case of an infectious disease disaster such as COVID-19, it is important to develop a qualification and competency strengthening program through educa-tion and training to secure the crisis intervention expertise of counselors according to the characteristics of the disaster. In addition, a psychological support manual for each disaster should be prepared at the national level according to the type of disaster.

3.
Front Psychol ; 14: 1120203, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20233116

ABSTRACT

Background: During the COVID-19 pandemic, psychological support was provided to healthcare workers in Nephrology and Dialysis Operative Unit of the Azienda Ospedaliera Bassini using an EMDR group protocol to decrease posttraumatic stress symptoms in the medium and long term. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the effectiveness of EMDR treatment to reduce post-traumatic stress symptoms at the end of the first pandemic wave and its progress over time in the subsequent phases of the health emergency. Methods: The sample of study consisted of 43 healthcare workers from the Nephrology and Dialysis Service who spontaneously decided to take part in the Brief EMDR treatment. Statistical analyses were carried out to compare the data collected with the IES-R, the Emotion Thermometer and the Post-Traumatic Growth Scale. The comparisons covered pre-treatment, post-treatment and follow-up. Results: The results show a significant clinical improvement in reducing PTSD symptoms following the Brief EMDR group treatment. The comparison between PRE and POST treatment (DELTA1) regarding the scores from IES-R and Emotion Thermometer, highlighted the important statistically change that occurred in terms of symptomatology reduction (p < 0.001). By comparing POST and FU (DELTA2), it was observed that all variables except avoidance show a significant weakening of the effect with time (p < 0.001), but the magnitude of this effect is much smaller than the improvement found in DELTA1. DELTA 3 analysis finally made it possible to highlight how the treatment effect is maintained almost intact at follow-up. In fact, the maintenance of a better situation at follow-up was observed, in the course of re-traumatization linked to the new wave, compared to the initial data (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The COVID-19 health emergency has significantly impacted hospital healthcare workers, leading to a high risk of developing PTSD symptoms. A psychological intervention aimed at the operators themselves is therefore of great importance.

4.
J Med Imaging Radiat Sci ; 54(2S): S77-S84, 2023 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20238586

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: At the onset of COVID-19 diagnostic radiographers from Gauteng, South Africa, shared their experiences of the new workflow and operations, their well-being and their resilience during this time. They experienced emotional, physical and financial fatigue. It is now over two years later, and South Africa has experienced four waves of COVID-19. Therefore, this study explored diagnostic radiographers' experience of COVID-19 after two years and four waves. METHODS: A qualitative explorative, descriptive and contextual study was conducted by collecting data through nine virtual individual in-depth interviews. Responses from the diagnostic radiographers in Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa, underwent thematic analysis. RESULTS: Thematic analysis revealed two themes and related categories. Theme one: participants shared synchronistic experiences with the four COVID-19 waves, the heterogeneous vaccination ideologies and their support and coping skills. Theme two: lessons learnt and the way forward. CONCLUSION: Participants shared feeling overwhelmed at the onset of COVID-19 and feared infecting their family, friends and colleagues. However, their anxiety and fear decreased with time. They experienced the Delta variant as the worst and felt supported by their colleagues more than by management. They recounted observations of vaccine hesitancy but acknowledged that vaccination had alleviated some of the fear and anxiety. Participants' coping skills varied, and reflecting on their experience, they shared the lessons learnt and the way forward.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , South Africa , SARS-CoV-2 , Allied Health Personnel , COVID-19 Testing
5.
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry ; 2022 Jul 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2322619

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic and containment efforts seem to be particularly challenging for adolescents. This study assessed mental health in high school students 1.5 years after the pandemic began in Austria. A cross-sectional survey was carried out from September to November 2021. Well-being (WHO-5), depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms and sleep quality were assessed. A total of 1505 adolescents participated (78% girls). The cut-offs for clinically relevant symptoms were exceeded by 62% girls and 38.1% boys for depression (PHQ-9 score ≥ 11), 49% girls and 29% boys for anxiety (GAD-7 score ≥ 11) and 28% girls and 17% boys for insomnia (ISI score ≥ 15). The prevalence of suicidal ideation (item 9 of the PHQ-9) within the last 2 weeks was 47% in girls and 32% in boys. These data collected in autumn 2021 (the start of the second semester of reopened schools; t2) were compared to data collected in February 2021 (one semester after remote schooling; t1). A matched pairs analysis according to age, gender, region, school type and migration background resulted in a total sample size of N = 2514 adolescents. Results showed small deteriorations in mental health (i.e., well-being, depression, insomnia, suicidal ideation) in girls at t2 compared to t1, and an increase in suicidal thoughts in boys (all p-values < 0.05). Qualitative data show that young people have a need for more psychological support, both professional and informal, as well as increased mental health literacy. Results suggest that mental health burden in adolescents remains high 1.5 years into the pandemic and highlight the need to implement timely psychological support.

6.
Medical Journal of Peking Union Medical College Hospital ; 12(1):54-58, 2021.
Article in Chinese | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2314223

ABSTRACT

Objective The objective of this study was to investigate the basic needs of medical staff during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic in a fever clinic, so as to provide a reference for the global epidemic medical teams. Methods A semi-structured qualitative interview outline was designed, including: (1) work level: Working hours, working intensity, and safety guarantee in a fever clinic;(2)life level: Diet, sleep, and physical comfort;(3)psychological level: Emotion, pressure, coping style, and interpersonal resources. The basic needs of the first batch of the fever clinic in Peking Union Medical College Hospital was studied by open telephone interviews. Results A total of 37 medical staff were interviewed, including 8 males (21.6%) and 29 females (78.4%). Among them, there were 16 doctors (43.2%), 19 nurses (51.4%), and 2 medical technicians (5.4%). In terms of work settings, the ideal continuous working time was 4-6 hours per shift. There should be pro re nata positions during extremely high workload, and sufficient personal protective equipment was the key to safety. In terms of living conditions, providing meals according to different shifts was important for dietary needs, and sleeping pills were temporarily needed for sleep. In terms of psychological reactions, nervousness and worrying were relatively common. Family and colleagues were important resources of support. Sport could help relieve physical and psychological stress, and psychological support from psychologists was helpful in reducing their negative emotions. Conclusions The basic needs of medical staff should be respected so as to keep the efficacy of their work. We suggest that medical staff can rest after each 4-6 h working shift. Personal protective equipment should be sufficient. Psychological support should be noted in all of them and provided when necessary.Copyright © 2021, Peking Union Medical College Hospital. All rights reserved.

7.
Journal of Psychopathology ; 27(4):217-222, 2021.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2312098

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease had an enormous impact on public health by affecting millions of people who have either fallen ill or died as a result of this disease. The pandemic resulted in several short- and long-term psychological effects, while restrictive measures adopted resulted in challenges in terms of support and counselling meetings, demonstrating the need to move to a digital health care system. In this context, the Psychological First Aid Service at Sant'Andrea, a service for COVID-19 patients and their loved ones, was set up in the Lazio region (Italy). The service provides two free telephone interviews, and if necessary, people are directed to other free support services in the region. In this article, we report a case study of two brothers who contacted the service during the second pandemic wave in Italy. The case has been discussed according to the recent literature, taking the practical and operational aspects of psychological first aid into account. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved)

8.
Trials ; 23(1): 524, 2022 Jun 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2317210

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cannabis is the most-frequently used illicit drug in Europe. Over the last few years in Spain, treatment demand has increased, yet most cannabis users do not seek treatment despite the related problems. A web-based self-help tool, like CANreduce 2.0, could help these users to control their consumption. METHODS: This study protocol describes a three-arm randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing the effectiveness of three approaches, in terms of reducing cannabis use among problematic cannabis users, the first two treatment arms including the Spanish version of CANreduce 2.0 (an adherence-focused, guidance-enhanced, web-based self-help tool) (1) with and (2) without psychological support; and the third group (3) treatment as usual (TAU). Study hypotheses will be tested concerning the primary outcome: change in the number of days of cannabis use over the previous week, comparing assessments at 6 weeks and 3 and 6 months follow-up between groups and against baseline. Secondary outcomes related to cannabis use will be tested similarly. Mental disorders will be explored as predictors of adherence and outcomes. Analyses will be performed on an intention-to-treat basis, then verified by complete case analyses. DISCUSSION: This study will test how effective the Spanish version of CANreduce 2.0 (CANreduce-SP) is at reducing both the frequency and quantity of cannabis use in problematic users and whether adding psychological support increases its effectiveness. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial is registered with the Clinical Trials Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) number: NCT04517474 . Registered 18 August 2020, (Archived by archive.is https://archive.is/N1Y64 ). The project commenced in November 2020 and recruitment is anticipated to end by November 2022.


Subject(s)
Cannabis , Counseling , Marijuana Abuse , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Health Behavior , Humans , Internet , Marijuana Abuse/therapy , Mental Disorders , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Treatment Outcome
9.
Psicologia della Salute ; - (1):139-150, 2023.
Article in Italian | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2300218

ABSTRACT

In the last years, the Ligurian Board of Psychologists have investigated the psychological well-being of the Ligurian citizens, facing an increased psychological discomfort and a high usage of antidepressants in the Ligurian population compared to the Italian population (SISM Reports 2015 - 2018). The current study reports two collections of data on independent samples relevant to the psychological well-being of the Ligurian citizens before and during the COVID-19 pandemic, using an online survey. The results suggest that the pandemic had an impact on citizens' well-being. In particular, a growth of potential depressive disorder and the presence of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder were observed. In spite of a diminished perceived psychological well-being, the proportion of individuals that reported using psychological support services didn't increase, especially concerning the male population, who refer to those services to a lesser degree compared to the female citizens. Moreover, data showed that people with a higher education tend to address mental health professionals to a higher degree. Copyright © FrancoAngeli.

10.
Eur Heart J Open ; 1(3): oeab034, 2021 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2303903

ABSTRACT

Heart valve disease has been described as 'the next cardiac epidemic', with prevalence expected to double by 2040 and triple by 2060 due to the ageing of the population. Yet until now, it has been characterized by scarce data, limited research, and low general awareness compared with other cardiovascular diseases. Effective treatment options exist for heart valve disease, and early detection and treatment can dramatically change disease progression, improve quality of life, and reduce mortality. Unfortunately, in too many patients, heart valve disease is undetected, undiagnosed, untreated, or treated too late, leading to avoidable deaths and costs, and significant compromises to people's quality of life. These gaps in the patient pathway can be remedied through appropriate policy action, with a focus on: early detection and diagnosis; timely intervention; patient-centred follow-up care; patient engagement and empowerment; psychological support; and better data to guide practice. Ensuring all patients have access to appropriate diagnosis and care without delays is imperative as we look towards rebuilding stronger and more resilient health systems, and 'build back better' after the coronavirus disease-19 pandemic.

11.
Appl Res Qual Life ; : 1-39, 2022 Aug 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2294851

ABSTRACT

This study evaluates the associations between the urban working-age population's mental health, material possession, and social capital during the COVID-19 pandemic. The specific stressors examined in this empirical analysis are income level, food insecurity, and virtual psychological support. This paper further examines the differences across the employed and unemployed population groups. We obtained data from the COVID-19 Household Impact Survey and constructed four measures of mental health conditions: Nervous, Depressed, Lonely, and Hopeless. Our empirical analyses use an ordinal regression model that takes both time and regional factors into consideration to control for potential time effects and time-invariant confounders that only vary between regions. For the employed group, the main results suggest that lower income and food insecurity is correlated with a higher frequency of mental health symptoms, while virtual psychological support predicts a better mental health status. For the unemployed group, food insecurity is negatively associated with mental health, and virtual psychological might help alleviate nervousness and depression.

12.
Psichiatria e Psicoterapia ; 40(2):103-117, 2021.
Article in Italian | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2275503

ABSTRACT

Objective: The spread of the Covid-19 pandemic led to a lockdown that caused a widespread discomfort among the Italian-and worlwide-population, as evidenced by several national and international studies. GliPsicologiOnline (GPO) was conceived as a reaction to this scenario of great difficulty. GPO is a free online service that aims at addressing the citizens' needs of listening and support, as well as dealing with psychoeducational issues. The aim of this study was to describe the population that has requested psychological support using the GPO platform, with particular focus on the distribution throughout Italy and the type of problems that emerged in relation to age. Furthermore, the time of onset of the specific problem reported and the type of intervention implemented by therapists of the Institute for the Study and Research of Psychic Disorders (ISeRDiP) was also taken in consideration. Method: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted with data collected by a group of ISeRDiP researchers, who were also involved as clinicians in the active phase of the project. The database allowed analysis using descriptive statistics and qualitative comparison of infra-cluster results. Results: 157 individuals joined the project (138 women, 19 men), with an average age of 29 years. 74% went through only one session (15% two, 11% three sessions). The GPO service was contacted by 15 different Italian regions with a greater participation by the Lombard population (32%). The majority of the sample (93%) did not request help for symptoms directly related to Covid-19, but rather for psychological problems that developed in the context of isolation due to lockdown. Notably, in 44% of cases, the perceived discomfort was experienced for the first (mainly of the anxious type, 19%). Strong variability in the reasons for seeking help has also emerged. Conclusions: The service offered by the GPO project gave the Italian population an opportunity to receive free support, prevent negative psychological outcome, improve psychoeducation and learn about the potential of online support services. It is not surprising that the majority of the help seeking individuals came from the Lombardy region, which was more affected than others by the pandemic. Moreover, the variability of the reasons for seeking help seems to be in line with difficulties throughout development phases and life cycle typically reported in the age group taken into consideration. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved) Abstract (Italian) Oggetto: La diffusione della pandemia da Covid-19 ha portato a un lockdown che ha visto l'emergere, nella popolazione italiana, ma non solo, di un disagio diffuso, come evidenziato da diversi studi nazionali e internazionali. In questa situazione di forte difficolta nasce "GliPsicologiOnline" (GPO), un progetto creato per rispondere gratuitamente ai bisogni di ascolto, psicoeducazione e supporto, attraverso l'utilizzo di una piattaforma online. Obiettivo del presente studio e quello di descrivere la popolazione che ha richiesto supporto psicologico attraverso l'utilizzo della piattaforma GPO, con particolare riferimento alla distribuzione sul territorio italiano e al tipo di problematiche emerse in relazione all'eta. Particolare attenzione e stata inoltre posta all'individuazione dell'epoca di insorgenza della problematica rappresentata e ai tipi di interventi di aiuto prevalenti messi in atto dai terapeuti dell'Istituto per lo Studio e la Ricerca sui Disturbi Psichici (ISeRDiP). Metodo: Sulla base dei dati e stato condotto uno studio descrittivo trasversale con raccolta dati crosssezionale da parte di un gruppo di ricercatori ISeRDiP, coinvolti anche come clinici nella fase attiva del progetto. La creazione di un database, ove sono state indicate le variabili di interesse, ha permesso di procedere a un'analisi tramite statistiche descrittive e comparazione qualitativa dei risultati infracluster. Risultati: Al progetto hanno aderito 157 soggetti, (138 donne, 19 uomini), con un'eta media di 29 anni. Il servizio GPO e stato contattato da 15 diverse regioni italiane con una maggior partecipazione da parte della popolazione lombarda (32%). La maggioranza del campione (93%) non ha richiesto aiuto per una sintomatologia direttamente connessa al Covid ma per problematiche psicologiche sviluppatesi nell'ambito dell'isolamento dovuto al lockdown;nel 44% dei casi, infatti, il disagio emerso era di nuova insorgenza (prevalentemente di tipo ansioso, 19%). E' emersa altresi una forte variabilita nei motivi della richiesta di aiuto. Conclusioni: Il servizio offerto dal progetto GPO ha rappresentato un'opportunita per la popolazione italiana di ricevere un sostegno gratuito, fare prevenzione sul danno psicologico, migliorare la cultura psicologica e conoscere le potenzialita dei servizi di supporto online. Non stupisce che la maggior richiesta di aiuto sia pervenuta dalla regione Lombardia, piu colpita di altre dalla pandemia, e la variabilita dei motivi della richiesta di aiuto che, in base alla fascia d'eta presa in considerazione, sembra essere in linea con le problematiche tipiche delle fasi di sviluppo e del ciclo di vita. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved)

13.
Sağlık Çalışanları: COV&Iacute ; D-19 Pandemi Kasırgasında en çok Savrulanlar; 28(1):56-64, 2023.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2284145

ABSTRACT

Objective: We conducted a questionnaire to reveal the stress, anxiety and burnout that health professionals have experienced during the pandemic period, and the social, economic and work-related problems encountered. Material and Method: A total of 416 healthcare professionals participated in the study. They were reached via an electronic questionnaire form through social media groups and given detailed information abıut the study. They were asked 8 sociodemographic questions, 6 questions for health status of HCW, 8 questions about the changes in working and economic conditions, 11 questions for social and psychological changes of HCW. Results: Ninetyfive percent of the employees felt burnout along with tension, anxiety and restlessness. Despite this, 88% did not receive any psychological support. There have also been changes in the family and social arrangements of the majority of the HCW (94%). Nearly 90% of the HCW worked under pressure. Only 18% of the health professionals who participated in our study did not hesitate to continue their current profession. There is a significant relationship between the participants' decreased willingness to choose the same profession again and their tension/anxiety and burnout (p <0.05). Conclusion: HCW are effected socially, economically and psychological with the rapid spread of COVID-19 pandemic. They experienced stres, anxiety and burnout besides fatigue. This may lead to problems such as taking care of patients and quality in health care even collapses in the health sector. We suggest that providing and sustaining psychological, economical, social and behavioral support for HCW and health sector. (English) [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] Amaç: Pandemi döneminde sağlık çalışanlarının yaşadığı stres, kaygı ve tükenmişlik ile karşılaştıkları sosyal, ekonomik ve işle ilgili sorunları ortaya çıkarmak için bir anket gerçekleştirdik. Gereç ve Yöntem: Çalışmaya toplam 416 sağlık çalışanı katılmıştır. Sosyal medya grupları aracılığıyla elektronik anket formu kullanılarak kendilerine ulaşılmış ve çalışma hakkında detaylı bilgi verilmiştir. Katılımcılara 8 sosyodemografik soru, sağlık durumları ile ilgili 6 soru, çalışma ve ekonomik koşullardaki değişikliklerle ilgili 8 soru, sosyal ve psikolojik değişiklikleri ile ilgili 11 soru sorulmuştur. Bulgular: Çalışanların %95'i gerginlik, kaygı ve huzursuzluk ile birlikte tükenmişlik hissettiğini belirtmiştir. Buna rağmen %88'i herhangi bir psikolojik destek almamıştır. Sağlık çalışanlarının çoğunluğunun (%94) aile ve sosyal düzenlemelerinde de değişiklikler olmuştur. Sağlık çalışanlarının yaklaşık %90'ı baskı altında çalıştığını söylemiştir. Çalışmamıza katılan sağlık çalışanlarının sadece %18'i mevcut mesleğine devam etmekten çekinmemiştir. Katılımcıların aynı mesleği tekrar seçme isteklerinin azalması ile gerginlik/kaygı ve tükenmişlik durumları arasında anlamlı bir ilişki vardır (p <0.05). Sonuç: COVID-19 pandemisinin hızla yayılması ile sağlık çalışanları sosyal, ekonomik ve psikolojik olarak etkilenmişlerdir. Yorgunluğun yanı sıra stres, kaygı ve tükenmişlik yaşamışlardır. Bu durum sağlık sektöründe hasta bakımı ve sağlıkta kalite gibi sorunlara yol açabilmekte, hatta sağlık sektöründe çökmelere neden olabilmektedir. Bu sıkıntıları önlemek için psikolojik, ekonomik, sosyal ve davranışsal desteğin sağlanması ve sürdürülmesinin sağlık sektörü ve sağlık çalışanları için faydalı olacağını düşünüyoruz. (Turkish) [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Firat Tip Dergisi is the property of Firat University, Faculty of Medicine and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)

14.
Facing death: Familial responses to illness and death ; : 19-36, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2283846

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of social isolation of minors with a parent or grandparent suffering from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and to determine whether the psychological support offered by an Italian no-profit association helped them to manage stress. Methodology: This study followed a qualitative research design. The participants responded to in-depth interviews that were processed with inductive thematic analysis. Findings: Five themes emerged: feedback on the psychological intervention;learning and changes after the intervention;discourses on illness and death in the family;experiences and difficulties during the lockdown and suggestions for other peers who might face the same situation. Social Implications: Psychological support is necessary for these minors, and it helped them to manage both the stress of living with ALS and the limitations of social relationships during the pandemic. It showed the importance of authentic and honest communication about illness and death that allowed minors to manage anxiety and fear. Positive reinterpretation of these experiences by transforming them into opportunities was also revealed. Originality: Studies on families with ALS patients are numerous, but studies on children of these patients are still rare, and no study has investigated the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on these children. This research investigated a topic that has not been covered previously and it also provided the opportunity to know how these children, preadolescents and adolescents living in an already complex environment, have experienced lockdown and restrictions. The study also enriched the literature on this important issue. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

15.
Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases ; 100(11):6-12, 2022.
Article in Russian | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2281033

ABSTRACT

The objective: to evaluate changes in parameters of psycho-emotional state in children with respiratory tuberculosis (RTB) in in-patient settings after psychological management using relaxation and mindfulness practices and telephone counseling. Subjects and Methods. 64 children ill with respiratory tuberculosis aged 6-13 years old were enrolled in the study and divided into 2 groups: those examined before the start of the COVID-19 pandemic (January 2019 - February 2020) (n = 30) and those examined during the COVID-19 pandemic (March 2020 - February 2022) (n = 34). In the groups, the levels of emotional tension, anxiety and excitement in children were studied. The article also presents comparative assessment of changes in the parameters of psycho-emotional state in the group of children examined during the pandemic and after 2 months of psychological management. Results. Children admitted to the hospital during the COVID-19 pandemic were significantly more likely to have abnormal parameters of psychoemotional stale versus children hospitalized before the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. After 2 months of psychological management using relaxation and mindfulness practices and telephone counseling, most children demonstrated improvement of their psycho-emotional stale parameters. © 2022 New Terra Publishing House. All rights reserved.

16.
Gender & Behaviour ; 20(4):20598-20607, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2257209

ABSTRACT

Nurses caring for patients diagnosed with COVID-19 infection are exposed to many psychosocial challenges. Exploring and describing the psychosocial support needed for the nurses caring for patients diagnosed with COVID-19 is significant to determine what type of support is needed by the nurses. The objective of this study was to describe the psychosocial support needed by the nurses caring for patients diagnosed with COVID-19 infection in the North West Province of South Africa. A qualitative, descriptive phenomenological, contextual design was used to collect data. The study used a non-probability sampling approach and purposive sampling technique to select four focus group discussions (FGDs) from the four hospitalsselected for this study. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and analysis was done using descriptive phenomenological data analysis to develop themes and categories. Measures to ensure trustworthiness were considered throughout the study. The finding indicated that it is difficult for nurses to care for COVID-19 patients because it is a novel disease. There is no specific treatment for COVID-19 and most patients who were diagnosed with COVID-19 were demised. Shortages of human and material resources to care for COVID-19 patients were also reported. Nurses caring for COVID-19 patients are at risk of being infected and they are physically and psychologically affected. The study shows that nurses caring for COVID-19 patients are physically, psychologically and socially affected by the disease. Therefore, they need the support of their managers through the appreciation of their work, provision of adequate Personal protective equipment (PPE) and human capital to provide quality patient care. Nurses caring for COVID-19 patients need psychological support when they are depressed. They also need colleagues from other wards to encourage them and not see them as the carriers of the disease. Also, the community needs to understand the risks that nurses caring for COVID-19 patients take and support them.

17.
Annales Medico-Psychologiques ; 181(1):8-11, 2023.
Article in French | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2252770

ABSTRACT

The war in Ukraine is a major poly-traumatic event, which leads to massive population displacements. The question of the evaluation and psychological care of psychotraumatised people is an urgent matter. As many countries hosting refugees are well endowed with a number of psychologists, some of these interested professionals should mobilise themselves and make themselves known to carry out these clinical acts. Priority should be given to trained and experienced psychologists to support victims. The language barrier will have to be overcome. Initially, it would be desirable to make contact or get closer to local and national refugee centres to facilitate these operations. Face-to-face or remote consultations, as developed during the Covid-19 pandemic, are possible. Reinforcements of available and dedicated psychologists, including remotely, from the countries hosting the most refugees are also desirable. The issue of detection, assessment and care of psychologically traumatised people who remained in the Ukrainian territory is probably even more massive. Whether non-combatants or combatants, part of the international psychological community should mobilise, in addition to local colleagues, to provide them with this psychological help. These humanitarian actions would be feasible depending on the evolution of the conflict. Whether it is psychological support for refugees or people still on the Ukrainian soil, models for organizing and coordinating these actions must be carefully thought out and implemented in an evolving way to optimise their effectiveness. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved) (French) La guerre en Ukraine est un evenement polytraumatique majeur qui donne lieu a des deplacements massifs de population. La question de l'evaluation et de la prise en charge psychologique des personnes psychotraumatisees se pose de facon urgente. De multiples pays d'accueil de refugies etant bien dotes en nombre de psychologues, une partie de ces professionnels interesses devrait se mobiliser et se faire connaitre pour realiser ces actes cliniques. La priorite devrait etre donnee aux psychologues formes et experimentes pour prendre en charge les victimes. La barriere de la langue devra etre surmontee. Dans un premier temps, une prise de contact ou un rapprochement aupres des dispositifs locaux et nationaux d'accueil des refugies serait souhaitable pour faciliter ces operations. Des consultations en presentiel ou en distantiel, comme cela a ete developpe pendant la pandemie de Covid-19, sont envisageables. Des renforts en psychologues, y compris a distance, des pays accueillant le plus de refugies sont egalement souhaitables. La question de la detection, de l'evaluation et de la prise en charge des personnes psychologiquement traumatisees restees sur le territoire ukrainien est probablement encore plus massive. Que ce soit des non-combattants ou des combattants, une partie de la communaute psy internationale devrait se mobiliser, en complement des collegues locaux, pour leur apporter cette aide psychologique. Ces actions humanitaires seraient realisables en fonction de l'evolution du conflit. Qu'il s'agisse de soutien psychologique aux refugies ou aux personnes sur le sol ukrainien, des modeles d'organisation et de coordination de ces actions doivent etre penses et mis en place de facon evolutive pour en optimiser l'efficacite. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved)

18.
J Eat Disord ; 9(1): 42, 2021 Mar 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2266585

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Carers of people with eating disorders (EDs) are known to experience a lack of support, high levels of unmet needs and resulting distress. Specific support and interventions for carers may benefit both the carer, and their loved one with an ED. Individuals with co-occurring autism and EDs may present with additional needs and difficulties relating to their Autism Spectrum Condition (ASC) that impact their carers. However, there is a lack of research exploring whether carers of people with ASC and EDs have specific support needs, and what kinds of support may be most beneficial for this population. METHODS: This study used a qualitative interview design, utilising peer interviews. Eleven carers participated in interviews about their experiences as a carer, and their views on existing support systems and potential improvements. As the study took place during the initial UK coronavirus lockdown, the impact of the lockdown also emerged as a topic during the interviews. Interviews were transcribed and analysed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Five themes were identified: challenges associated with co-occurring Autism and EDs, a lack of existing support for carers from healthcare services, the personal impact of caring for someone with both ASC and EDs, ideas for how carers can be best supported, and the impact of the coronavirus on carers. CONCLUSIONS: Carers of loved ones with both ASC and EDs described the experience as having a significant personal impact on their lives, but also experienced a lack of support from healthcare services. There was a perception that caring for someone with both an ASC and EDs presents additional challenges compared to caring for someone with an ED only, and that this population therefore requires specialised support. Recommendations for possible support options, and for further research, are outlined.

19.
Psychol Health Med ; : 1-16, 2022 Nov 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2261302

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 restrictions drove rapid adaptations to service delivery and new ways of working within Scotland's mental health sector. This study explores mental health workers' (MHWs') experiences of delivering their services remotely. Twenty participants, who had worked in mental health professions in the National Health Service (NHS) in Scotland throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, took part in online semi-structured interviews. Data was transcribed then analysed using an inductive thematic analysis. Two major themes are reported: (1) 'Improved Flexibility for both MHWs and Service Users' and (2) 'Teletherapies Challenge Therapeutic Boundaries'. In relation to (1) virtual platforms were seen as vital in maintaining patient care throughout the COVID-19 pandemic and a valuable resource for service users (SUs) who had previously struggled with mobility or social anxieties when accessing face-to-face services. Some MHWs' also noted benefits for their productivity and comfort. Regarding (2) MHWs highlighted that whilst conducting teletherapies from home, work-life boundaries became blurred and, in some instances, typically comforting spaces became associated with the traumatic content discussed by SUs. These stressors seemed to be compounded by MHWs' isolation, as they were less able to draw upon their colleagues for support. Further, confidentiality could not be assured, as MHWs and SUs alike had to accommodate their family members. These findings highlight important insights from MHWs in adapting to rapid changes in mental health working practices, particularly in relation to the challenges of delivering quality, safe and equitable services and the increased use of teletherapies. Such insights are vital in informing service developments and supporting future pandemic preparedness across a range of healthcare contexts and countries seeking to adopt hybrid models of mental health service delivery.

20.
J Appl Res Intellect Disabil ; 36(4): 667-680, 2023 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2253352

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Government restrictions enforced globally in response to COVID-19 necessitated changes to the delivery of mental health services, with many psychology professionals (PPs) forced to transfer their face-to-face practice to virtual means (telephone/video therapy) overnight. This review explores what is known about the experiences of PPs providing psychological support to people with intellectual disabilities (PWID) during the pandemic. METHOD: Literature was systematically searched and 11 papers were identified, critically appraised and thematically synthesised. RESULTS: Four themes were synthesised from findings: (1) 'Impact at Service Level', (2) 'The Emotional Impact on PPs', (3) 'The Limitations of Virtual Support', (4) 'Unexpected Gains'. CONCLUSIONS: This review highlights the challenges and positives in experiences of PPs, whilst acknowledging the inequalities experienced by PWID. It is hoped that the findings can be used to aid education and training, and inform future practice and policy. Future research is recommended.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Disabled Persons , Intellectual Disability , Substance Abuse, Intravenous , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Intellectual Disability/epidemiology
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