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1.
J Family Med Prim Care ; 11(8): 4131-4134, 2022 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2201906

ABSTRACT

When the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) virus swept the world in December 2019, it brought widespread side-effects. While there is no specific treatment for COVID-19, individuals and collectives often respond rapidly to develop a routine, making the prevention and control of COVID-19 normalized and institutionalized and creating vaccines successfully in a short time. However, this situation also exposed a spectrum of problems triggered by lockdown, isolation, and vaccinations. Herein, we analyze the prevention management of COVID-19 from epidemic psychology in order to provide a new sight for overcoming the psychological problems of COVID-19.

3.
Mindfulness (N Y) ; : 1-11, 2022 Nov 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2175185

ABSTRACT

Objectives: In the face of a global pandemic, research on wellness-fostering resources is urgently needed, especially with longitudinal designs and diverse samples. According to the mindfulness-to-meaning theory and broaden-and-build theory, this study examined the reciprocal associations among a group of Chinese university students' trait mindfulness, positive and negative affect, and use of positive coping strategies, including positive reappraisal, planning, and seeking of emotional support during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: Participants were 247 Hong Kong university students (M age = 20.96, SD = 2.38; female = 86%) who completed survey measures of mindfulness, positive and negative affect, and positive coping strategies at baseline and 6-month follow-up. Data were analysed using a cross-lagged panel design, controlling for participants' age. Results: The proposed reciprocal model exhibited an excellent fit with the data. There was a reciprocal association between trait mindfulness and positive affect over time. However, no significant reciprocal effect was found among mindfulness, negative affect, and positive coping strategies. Conclusions: Theoretically, the current findings extended the two theories to a non-Western population during a critical time and suggested a long-term reciprocal association between positive affect and mindfulness. Our study provided important insight into university students' positive well-being during COVID-19 and demonstrated the wellness-fostering effect of mindfulness.

4.
Zoo Biol ; 41(5): 439-447, 2022 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2173491

ABSTRACT

Emerging conservation psychology literature shows that there is a strong link between positive attachment to a workplace and the performance of pro-environmental behaviors by employees at work. The present study explores the validity of a pilot survey based in previous literature that explores these constructs to determine whether a relationship between the two exists among zoo and aquarium professionals. The survey was distributed to employees of the Wildlife Conservation Society's city zoos-Prospect Park, Central Park, and Queens Zoos-during the first year of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Two of the survey scales used had a high internal consistency and data from these responses informed this case study to show that there is a weak, positive correlation between workplace attachment (WPA) and self-reported frequency of performance of pro-environmental behaviors (PEBs) among the respondents. Isolating the responses by department revealed that staff working in Operations departments (1) exhibit lower frequencies of PEB than those in Education and Animal departments and (2) have a very strong, positive correlation between WPA and PEB. The results suggest that zoo and aquarium employees who are positively attached to their workplace are more likely to perform PEBs, especially those working in Operations departments. These findings help support that workplace practices seeking to increase WPA could increase the performance of PEBs at work by all employees.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Conservation of Natural Resources , Animals , Animals, Zoo , Conservation of Natural Resources/methods , SARS-CoV-2 , Workplace
5.
Tourism Review International ; 26(4):337-351, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2201048

ABSTRACT

The impact of COVID-19 on tourism was massive, especially in 2020 and 2021. This incident sparked heated debates about its impact on the tourism industry and resulted in the publication of a large number of research articles instantly. Due to the needs of the hour, tourism scholars and journals have taken a proactive step to communicate scholarly research in a faster phase to mitigate the issue through scientific research. This surge of articles during the pandemic period allows us to conduct a bibliometric analysis of the nexus between the global pandemic and scholarly engagement. Employing a mixed approach using a systematic literature review of journals published on the Web of Science, this article explores a comprehensive approach of methodological applications, the timely transition of themes in different intensities worldwide, and geographical coverage of the research and themes discussed. Our analysis reveals that the pattern of themes discussed varies by time and that themes are mainly discussed around tourist psychology, crisis management, pandemic impact, tourism transformation, and the digital revolution. This study also found a rise in increased interdisciplinary research to address issues related to tourism.

6.
Sustainability ; 14(10), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2200744

ABSTRACT

Food security (FS) is one of the most elusive and sought-after objectives worldwide. Securing a country's self-sufficiency - in the current COVID-19 pandemic era, more than ever - has become a prioritized mission. In the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, FS is adversely affected by, among others, the scarcity of freshwater, harsh environment, regional conflicts, and rising temperatures. Following the eruption of the COVID-19 pandemic, exporters placed export restrictions on key food crops, affecting FS in import dependent regions, such as the MENA countries and, more specifically, the United Arab Emirates (UAE). This paper presented a conceptual framework on the key enablers for the UAE agri-food supply chains to obtain the necessary resiliency to achieve FS, through improving policy-making capacity. The proposed approach started with the assessment of the main vulnerabilities of the food system in a global context;from there, the factors that influence vulnerability were investigated, identifying the main global drivers that affect the local food systems, focusing on the UAE. The proposed framework was applied for the design and implementation of an early warning system concerning FS-related incidents.

7.
Sustainability ; 14(10), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2200743

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 outbreak caused huge losses for the catering industry. The outbreak's influence on consumers' risk perception and risk attitude was an important factor for these heavy losses. The aim of this study was to investigate the change in epidemic risk perception, risk attitude, and the consumers' willingness to consume products from restaurants during the spread of the COVID-19 epidemic. The study collected 502 questionnaires at the end of 2021, and structural analysis was conducted using SPSS 26.0 and AMOS 20.0 statistical programs. The results showed that consumers' awareness of the coronavirus pandemic (consumers' epidemic risk perception) had a significant positive effect on their decision-making behavior under uncertain conditions (risk attitude);consumers' decision-making behavior under uncertain conditions (risk attitude) had a significant negative effect on their willingness to purchase from restaurants;consumers' awareness of the coronavirus pandemic (consumers' epidemic risk perception) had a significant negative effect on their willingness to consume products from restaurants;and risk attitude played a mediating role in the influence of consumers' epidemic risk perception on their willingness to consume products from restaurants. This study can provide guidance and reference for restaurants on how to deal with the epidemic situation, help them undertake risk prevention work and reduce losses, and promote the healthy and sustainable development of the restaurant.

8.
Sustainability ; 14(10), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2200741

ABSTRACT

This study examines the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on depressive symptoms and loneliness in older adults, using the Protection Motivation Theory Framework. Using data collected between March 2020 and May 2021 as part of the Health and Retirement Study (N = 2145 adults over age 50), the roles of threat and coping appraisals as predictors of protective health behaviors and, ultimately, mental health outcomes, were analyzed using structural equation modeling. Being at high risk for COVID-19 complications and death was associated with more depressive symptoms and loneliness. Higher levels of concern about COVID-19 were associated with more depressive symptoms while knowing someone who had died of the coronavirus was associated with less loneliness. Lower scores for perceived control over one's health and social life were associated with more depressive symptoms and higher loneliness. These results suggest that moving forward, mental health assessments should consider the impact of the pandemic and include measures specifically asking about COVID-19 concerns and experiences (e.g., death of close friends or family due to COVID-19, protective health measures). Additionally, future responses to this pandemic and other public health emergencies should consider the influence that self-efficacy has on health behaviors and mental health. The pandemic has raised public awareness of the negative consequences of social isolation and acted to destigmatize mental illness, and this greater awareness could encourage middle-aged and older adults to seek various treatments for depression and loneliness.

9.
Sustainability ; 14(10), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2200738

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has dramatically accelerated the digitalization of education around the world. There has been a lot of recent research on university students' attitudes towards digital educational technologies (DET) in different countries, but much fewer studies examine how these attitudes change during the pandemic. The purpose of the present exploratory study is to compare the attitudes towards DET among Russian university students majoring in psychology before the start of the pandemic and at its different stages. A mixed method research design was used. The quantitative part of the study included The University Students' Attitudes toward DET Questionnaire developed by the authors, and the qualitative part of this study included percentage and thematic analyses of answers to additional multiple choice and open-ended questions. The main findings of the study confirm significant changes in attitudes towards DET at the very beginning of the pandemic, and their relative stabilization later. Additional analysis based on the literature review revealed that the advantages and disadvantages of DET listed by Russian university students and students from other countries, generally coincide. The data obtained will be useful in the development of digital competence among university students.

10.
Sustainability ; 14(10), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2200737

ABSTRACT

This study used a push-pull-mooring model (PPM model) to build an integrated model to explain the influencing factors of tourists' switching intention to wetland ecotourism after the COVID-19 pandemic. The push effect is crowding perception, the pull effect is nature-based destination attractiveness, and the mooring effect is the risk perception of COVID-19. The study collected 551 valid research samples by questionnaire survey in two world-class wetlands in Taiwan. The results of the regression analysis showed that push, pull, and mooring influenced tourists' switching intention to wetland ecotourism. Among them, the mooring effect regulated the relationship between the push effect and switching intention to wetland ecotourism, but did not regulate the relationship between the pull effect and switching intention to wetland ecotourism. Finally, the switching intention to wetland ecotourism further influenced wetland ecotourism behaviors. It is expected that people can go outdoors after the COVID-19 pandemic and bring substantial economic benefits of tourism to wetland ecological attractions in Taiwan.

11.
Sustainability ; 14(10), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2200736

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the autonomy level and use of language learning strategies in a preparatory school of a state university before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. One hundred fifty-five preparatory school students from a state university participated in the research. For the data collection, Oxford's Language Learning Strategy (LLS) and a learner autonomy questionnaire developed by Zhang and Li were used. Means, standard deviation, t-test, and Pearson's r-correlation were used to analyze the data. The results showed that while participants' level of learner autonomy before the pandemic was high, during the pandemic it was moderate. Additionally, the results from the LLS questionnaires showed that students used a moderate proportion of language learning strategies before and after the pandemic. Finally, the correlation analysis used to determine the relationship between the level of learner autonomy and LLS use before and during the COVID-19 pandemic indicated that there is a positive and linear relationship between the level of learner autonomy and LLS use.

12.
Sustainability ; 14(10), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2200735

ABSTRACT

Due to its rich marine biological resources, Taiwan is a place worthy of developing marine ecotourism. This study explores the marine ecotourism intentions and marine ecotourism behaviors of tourists during the COVID-19 pandemic by using the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT) method. Under the UTAUT framework, this study considered the factor of environmental attitudes and issued questionnaires in four research areas, namely, Yilan Wushi Fishing Harbor, Port of Hualien, Hualien Stone Stairs Platform, and Taitung Chengfong Fishing Port. In total, 431 effective research samples were collected. First, this study verified the validity and reliability of the dimensions through confirmatory factor analysis. According to the results of structural equation modeling (SEM) analysis, performance expectancy, effort expectancy, social influence, and environmental attitude all have an influence on tourists' marine ecotourism intentions, while facilitating conditions had no influences on tourists' marine ecotourism intentions. Tourists' marine ecotourism intentions further influenced their marine ecotourism behaviors. In addition, this study evaluated the mediating effect of marine ecotourism intentions by nested-model analysis. Finally, this study provided substantive policy recommendations as a reference for tourism management units and local governments.

13.
Sustainability ; 14(10), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2200726

ABSTRACT

As many studies have already shown, the COVID-19 pandemic has had a great impact on the daily routines of people all over the world. University students form one of the most affected groups of people, since they have had to interrupt many of the activities that they usually perform, and have also had to get used to a new way of learning (e-learning). An important question that now arises is whether the changes that were identified within the pandemic period are to be maintained when the risk of being infected is eliminated. To this end, 537 university students of the Kore University of Enna, Italy, were surveyed. Their responses are analyzed descriptively, and an ordinal regression model is being developed to shed more light on the likelihood of retaining changes related with to transport mode choice. The results show that the likelihood of retaining all the changes when commuting and during daily activities is very high, demonstrating such willingness from the participants. Moreover, it has been shown that public transport has increased the probability of people being negatively affected by the pandemic in the long-term, and opportunities appear for increasing the modal share of active modes.

14.
International Journal of Public Health ; 67:1605428, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2199637

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The aim of this study was to test the association between the sense of coherence, work engagement, and psychological distress in healthcare workers in Ecuador during the first phase of the COVID-19 pandemic.

15.
International Journal of Public Health ; 67:1604806, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2199631

ABSTRACT

Objectives: This study aims to explore the influence of COVID-19 on undergraduate students' academic performance, social life, and mental health during the pandemic's early stage, and evaluate potential correlates of stress, anxiety, and depression in relation to COVID-19.

16.
Front Public Health ; 10:1106216, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2199572
17.
Frontiers in Public Health ; 10:1085820, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2199564

ABSTRACT

Background: The role of the physiotherapist is vital in the recovery of post-COVID-19 patients, but fear of contagion is a possible feeling among healthcare professionals. The objective of this study is to assess the mental health effects that COVID-19 has had on healthcare workers, including rehabilitation care, in times of pandemic.

18.
Frontiers in Public Health ; 10:1043216, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2199515

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 has caused a series of economic, social, personal, and occupational consequences that may affect the mental health of healthcare workers (HCWs), with the consequent risk of developing suicidal ideation and behaviors.

19.
Front Public Health ; 10:1021495, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2199494

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The healthcare setting is a stressful and demanding work environment, and healthcare workers face a continuous expansion of their job roles and responsibilities. Past studies have shown that factors affecting burnout, resilience, and quality of life among healthcare workers merit further research, as there were inconsistent findings, especially with regards to the influence of demographic and work-related factors. Therefore, this study aims to determine whether demographic and work-related factors are associated with burnout, resilience, and quality of life among healthcare workers. METHOD: This cross-sectional study was conducted between February 15, 2022 and March 15, 2022, among 394 healthcare workers from Putrajaya and Selangor hospitals, Malaysia. Maslach Burnout Inventory, World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF 26 inventory, and Brief Resilience Scale were utilized to capture information on burnout, quality of life, and resilience, respectively. RESULTS: The mean score of physical health of participants who work more than 10 h (11.38) is lower than participants who work from 8 to 10 h (13.00) and participants who work 7 h daily (13.03), p-value < 0.001. Similarly, the mean score of psychological health of participants who work more than 10 h (12.35) is lower than participants who work from 8 to 10 h (13.72) and participants who work 7 h daily (13.68), p-value = 0.001. Higher income levels were associated with high resilience and quality of life. CONCLUSION: It is imperative that healthcare practitioners and policy makers adopt and implement interventions to promote a healthy workplace environment, address ethical concerns, and prevent burnout among healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Managing the issue of long working hours could possibly result in improved resilience, burnout, and quality of life among healthcare workers. Despite this study able to tickle out some policy specific areas where interventions are needed, identifying effective solutions and evaluating their efficiency will require larger and interventional studies.

20.
Frontiers in Psychology ; 13, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2199236

ABSTRACT

IntroductionIn the aftermath of global pandemic of COVID-19, many sectors faced severe challenges to maintain security, health (psychological, and physical), and steer through the crisis by sup-porting the society. MethodsThrough a quantitative approach a total of 250 surveys were distributed after a pilot test. Specifically, this research gathers data from 178 (71.2% response rate) university teachers from different universities across Palestine via surveys that address the role of empowering leaders on job satisfaction among teachers. The proposed model of the re-search was analyzed using Smart-PLS and PLS-SEM technique. Discussion and ResultsThe academic sector was disrupted and faced extreme changes during the pandemic, rendering teachers vulnerable and thus, role of leaders more crucial. Building on job demand-resources model, and social exchange theory, the current study examines the moderating effect of leader-member exchange (LMX) for increasing job satisfaction that can lead to enhanced overall wellbeing in the academic setting. Additionally, the mediating role of trust in leader is focused as a vital psychological element. While the results show a significantly positive effect on job satisfaction in the presence of empowering leaders, the moderating role of LMX alongside mediating impact of trust are observed. This implies that empowering leaders are highly influential in enhancing workplace for university teachers in the post-pandemic era.

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