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1.
Polish Journal of Management Studies ; 25(1):107-131, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1964839

ABSTRACT

The aim of the article is to find an answer to the main research problem, how the covid-19 pandemic affected the functioning of crisis management teams and on the way to its solution. The following subsidiary questions were used: What is the composition and mode of work of provincial, district and municipal crisis management teams, with what frequency were the meetings of the teams held in the period before and during the pandemic, what problems the teams encountered during the counteraction to the pandemic, and what should be done to improve their work in the future? The theoretical part discusses issues related to crisis management and its evaluation process. The empirical part presents the methodology of own research and its results. The presented study was conducted on selected units of public institutions from 2018 to 2021. The questionnaires were sent to public administration bodies by e-mail, to the addresses of security and crisis management departments or crisis management centers provided on the websites of the above institutions. The authors of this article aimed primarily to learn about selected, most important issues concerning the activities of crisis management teams rather than to quantitatively measure specific parameters of their functioning. That is why crisis management teams functioning on the level of voivodships from the whole of Poland were subjected to qualitative research. One voivodship was randomly chosen to make a qualitative analysis of the functioning of poviat crisis management teams. Then one poviat from the above-mentioned voivodship, i.e. Słupsk poviat, was randomly chosen, of which the communal crisis management teams functioning in that area were examined. The research results showed that there is no need to introduce radical changes in the functioning of crisis management teams at the territorial levels of their functioning (voivodship, poviat and commune). Pandemic covid-19 modified the mode of work of teams from stationary to remote, which in the future can be used in solving other non-military crises. Assessing the efficiency of the teams, it can be indicated that they function best at the provincial level. Based on the conducted research, the authors presented postulates to improve the functioning of crisis management teams. The issues discussed in the article can be interesting for both theoreticians and practitioners specializing in crisis management. © 2022, Czestochowa University of Technology. All rights reserved.

2.
10th International Scientific Siberian Transport Forum, TransSiberia 2022 ; 63:1377-1388, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1960057

ABSTRACT

This study is devoted to identifying the potential for assessing public opinion through the development of assessment tools, in the context of instability of global processes. The transport and logistics system turned out to be one of the most affected areas as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The negative consequences are based on various factors: the closure of state borders, the introduction of restrictions on the movement of people and goods, the disruption of supply chains, a decrease in demand and purchasing power. Now, during the coronovirus pandemic, much attention is paid to recording and monitoring new cases of the disease, however, the review of the literature shows that there is a lack of research on the development of tools that allow using clear criteria for assessing the current situation. In the article, for the analysis and interpretation of public opinion survey data, modeling tools are used, based on the results of which management decisions can be made. © 2022 Elsevier B.V.. All rights reserved.

3.
Cyprus Review ; 33(1):37-66, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1958047

ABSTRACT

The use of e-governance systems is crucial for the efficiency and effectiveness of public administrations. Despite significant steps in the integration of information technology in the previous years, Cyprus and Greece are still far from the European average. The COVID-19 pandemic forced State authorities to adopt emergency measures, aiming, among other things, to prevent the social gatherings of citizens. In this context, bold administrative reforms previously opposed during the design and implementation phase are now being attempted. Greece has progressed significantly during the pandemic, potentially setting an example for Cyprus despite the problematic integration of e-governance technologies. The purpose of this article is to present and analyse the reform efforts c arried o ut i n G reece a nd C yprus d uring t he p andemic, proceed to a comparative analysis and highlight useful conclusions for knowledge exchange between Greece and Cyprus. The present study discusses the prospect of transforming the pandemic crisis into an opportunity for administrative upgrading. © 2021, University of Nicosia. All rights reserved.

4.
Rivista Trimestrale di Scienza dell'Amministrazione ; - (3):1, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1955467

ABSTRACT

The pandemic situation caused by COVID-19 has characterised the mindset, kick-starting a multidisciplinary thinking, in order to cope with a situation that has affected the entire world. A completely new scenario, such as the one in which we found ourselves working during the peak of the health emergency, leads to a more difficult control of information and a sharing of it that is sometimes not sufficient to overcome the perceived sense of uncertainty, fear and therefore emotional stress.Alternate :La situazione pandemica causata dal COVID-19 ha caratterizzato il modo di pensare rimettendo in moto un pensiero multidisciplinare per far fronte a una situazione che ha colpito l'intero mondo. Uno scenario inedito come quello in cui ci si è ritrovati a lavorare durante il picco dell'emergenza sanitaria, ha portato ad un controllo delle informazioni più difficoltoso e ad una condivisione delle stesse a volte non sufficiente a colmare il senso di incertezza percepito, la paura e quindi lo stress emotivo.

5.
Polish Journal of Management Studies ; 25(2):295-307, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1955172

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to evaluate the leadership for digitalization in the case of public sector in Lithuania. Like private companies, public organizations are in the process of digitizing their activities in order to increase the efficiency of public services in the public interest. The Covid-19 pandemic has provided an additional unplanned impetus to maximize the digitalization of operations, although the process is not always running smoothly. To investigate this issue, a quantitative method of survey was conducted in the case of Lithuanian public sector organizations. Organizational leaders are perceived as axial individuals who could facilitate a smoother digitalization process. This is what employees expect of them, so leaders need to develop the specific skills needed in the context of digitalization in a leadership style that affects them, and they need to develop and use specific competencies relevant to the digitalization process. © 2022, Czestochowa University of Technology. All rights reserved.

6.
Narodna Umjetnost ; 58(1):65, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1955108

ABSTRACT

Rad se bavi medijskom eksponiranošću medicinskih stručnjaka, a ujedno i osoba na rukovodećim funkcijama pojedinih državnih institucija – ministra zdravstva Vilija Beroša, ravnatelja Hrvatskog zavoda za javno zdravstvo Krunoslava Capaka i ravnateljice Klinike za infektivne bolesti "Dr. Fran Mihaljević" Alemke Markotić – tijekom epidemije bolesti COVID-19 u Hrvatskoj. U istraživačkom fokusu je prvih nekoliko mjeseci javnog djelovanja tih liječnika u okviru Nacionalnog stožera civilne zaštite i ispred zdravstvenog sustava, pri čemu se analizom medijskog narativa nastoji ispitati utjecaj njihove komunikacije s javnošću na stupanj povjerenja koje im građani poklanjaju u doba koronakrize. Na tragu Giddensova i Luhmannova promišljanja povjerenja u kasnoj/refleksivnoj modernosti te primjena njihovih teza u području istraživanja zdravstvene skrbi raspravljaju se utvrđene oscilacije povjerenja i komunikacijski izazovi. Pritom se, uz prepoznavanje međusobne povezanosti fenomena straha, rizika i povjerenja, upozorava na metaprocese medijatizacije i celebritizacije liječničke struke u specifičnim, kriznim društveno-političkim okolnostima.Alternate :This paper deals with the media exposure of medical experts in management positions in state institutions during the COVID-19 epidemic in Croatia – the Minister of Health, Vili Beroš, the director of the Croatian Public Health Institute Krunoslav Capak and the director of the Dr. Fran Mihaljević Clinic for Infectious Diseases, Alemka Markotić. The article focuses on the first several months of their work within the National Civil Protection Headquarters and as representatives of the healthcare system. The analysis of the media narrative is an attempt to investigate the influence of their public communication on the citizens' level of trust in them during the corona crisis. The article discusses oscillations in trust and communicative challenges identified in the analysis from the point of view of Giddens's and Luhmann's views of trust in late/reflexive modernity, by applying their ideas to the healthcare system. In addition to recognizing the interconnections between fear, risk and trust, the article points to the metaprocesses of mediatization and celebritization of doctors in sociopolitical crises.

7.
Comparative American Studies ; 17(3-4):296-311, 2020.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1947967

ABSTRACT

Since 2015, Donald Trump, his administration and supporters have repeatedly abused the history of Second World War Japanese American incarceration. In contrast to preceding Presidents who recognised the miscarriage of justice authorised by Franklin Roosevelt, Trump and his administration have used this history to justify racism. All post-war presidents before Trump, regardless of political affiliation, agreed what happened under Executive Order 9066 was wrong and should never be repeated. Donald Trump and his administration have, by contrast, not only failed to condemn the incarceration but instead attempted to use test cases brought against the United States government during the war as questionable legal precedent to justify racist policies. The travel ban for those travelling to the USA from Muslim majority countries was compared to Executive Order 9066;Trump’s policy of separating migrant children from their parents and placing them in separate detention centres was disturbingly similar to the internment of orphans of Japanese parentage at Manzanar children’s village;and Trump’s use of terms like ‘China virus’ during the Covid-19 pandemic resulted in attacks on Asian Americans. This article considers Asian American responses to these three case studies of Trump’s anti-Asian rhetoric and abuse of the history of Japanese American incarceration.

8.
Social Sciences in China ; 43(2):102-124, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1947818

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic, the regulation of real estate, and external uncertainties are the core variables in the recent evolution of China’s financial risks, and overall planning and structural deployment are the key guarantees for China’s financial stability. From an aggregate perspective, China’s systemic financial risk tended to ease overall in 2021, but remained high. The risk profile of China’s financial system in 2021 presented five important features. First, the macro leverage ratio fell slightly, but exposed the hidden dangers of balance sheet recession. Second, there was a certain blockage in the transmission of financial system liquidity to the real economy. Third, the fragility of the financial system was further exposed, the bond default balance reached a new high, the structural differentiation of bonds between state-owned and private enterprises became prominent, and private enterprise default became more serious. Fourth, the contagion effect of domestic cross-market financial risks remained significant. Fifth, the international political and economic situation was volatile, and spillover effects such as the rising prices of raw materials, the inauguration of a new US administration, and the shift of the Federal Reserve’s monetary policy were significantly strengthened. In terms of key risk areas, the risks of the real estate market, hidden government debt, and small- and medium-sized domestic banks were quite prominent. in 2022, pandemic prevention and control, economic recovery, and structural upgrading will remain the main themes of China’s development. China’s financial risks are generally under control, but the country will still face major risks such as a high macro leverage ratio, tight market liquidity, increasing debt vulnerability, significant spillover effects, and rising volatility in the international market.

9.
Social Security, Journal of Welfare & Social Security Studies ; - (117):11-22, 2022.
Article in Hebrew | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1929575

ABSTRACT

This short article deals with recent theoretical, paradigmatical, and practical transformations in public management, especially in view of the global COVID-19 crisis. The paper is divided into two major sections. First, I briefly review developments in managerial thinking within the public and governmental arena, especially since the 1970s, emphasizing various paradigmatic and interdisciplinary influences, and the unique challenges related to the governance of democracies in rapidly changing environments. The next section tries to evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on the way public management evolves, highlighting transformations in social environments, the growing impact of digitization, technology, and the information society. In light of these considerations, seven potential directions and challenges for the ongoing progress of the field are suggested. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Social Security, Journal of Welfare & Social Security Studies (0334-231X) is the property of Editorial Board of Social Security, Journal of Welfare & Social Security Studies and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

10.
Journal of Social Studies Education Research ; 13(2):24-54, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1929548

ABSTRACT

In this study, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on public administration education was analyzed through undergraduate students. The aim of the study is to determine the possible effects of coronavirus on digital education by conducting a quantitative analysis through undergraduate students of the departments of political science and public administration, and to evaluate the findings and make suggestions and recommendations. The research covers undergraduate students of Süleyman Demirel University, Department of Political Science and Public Administration. Within the scope of the aim, twenty-one questions were asked to undergraduate students by applying the questionnaire technique. 734 undergraduate students participated in the survey and the questionnaire was prepared digitally over Google Forms. The survey data were analyzed with the MAXQDA 2020 Analytics Pro program. The findings were evaluated by visualizing them with the help of tables, figures and graphics. © 2022, Association for Social Studies Educa. All rights reserved.

11.
Journal of the American Planning Association ; : 13, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1927154

ABSTRACT

Problem, research strategy, and findings Government agencies are increasingly interested in accelerating cycleway infrastructure to achieve co-benefits of increased physical activity, transport efficiencies, and reduced greenhouse emissions. Comprehensive evidence supports this policy direction, yet delivery of infrastructure in many cities remains slow, fragmented, and wrought with political struggle. Political forces, rather than a lack of evidence, appear to be the key challenge to implementing active transport policies. In this study we used Kingdon's multiple stream theory to examine the policy development process that led to the rapid installation of pop-up cycleways in Sydney (Australia) in response to COVID-19. Takeaway for practice Significant disruption to regular transport services induced by the COVID-19 pandemic created a policy window where political expediency resulted in rapid implementation of active transport-friendly policy and legislative changes. The policy realignment occurred due to increased government agency collaboration and the elevation of cycling to an unprecedented level of priority within government. This study shows the value of ongoing commitment to evidence-based policy solutions to clearly identified urban challenges despite institutional barriers, the need to develop political alliances for when opportunities for policy change arise, and the need to swiftly capitalize on these policy windows when they open. This case study provides insights for cycling policy development in jurisdictions traditionally burdened by skepticism and reluctance to implement bicycle infrastructure by revealing the multivalent nature of policy adoption.

12.
Journal of the American Planning Association ; : 8, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1927153

ABSTRACT

The global COVID-19 pandemic has led households to find creative ways to share resources to address isolation, stress, and anxiety. We build on these social experiments to suggest that sharing in housing and neighborhoods can lead to better mental health and wellbeing. The capabilities approach, popularized by philosophers Amartya Sen and Martha Nussbaum, provides a theoretical perspective for integrating sharing options into housing and neighborhood design, regulation, and investment. We offer a framework delineating dimensions of sharing that has the potential to encourage more sharing and shift planning emphasis from housing as an outcome to one that promotes sharing.

13.
Regional Studies ; : 12, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1927135

ABSTRACT

Production fragmentation across multiple regions can result in a regional shock propagating along value chains to a wider array of regions. We propose a methodological framework to measure the economic exposure to regional value chain disruptions due to city lockdown during Covid-19. The exposure index is evaluated by applying a hypothetical extraction method to a regionally extended inter-country input-output framework incorporating China's interregional input-output table. Our methodology can be adapted to conduct disaster impact analyses at city, state and country levels. It provides a tool for the immediate assessment of the economic risks of value chain disruptions, enabling quick policy responses.

14.
Journal of Social Policy ; : 25, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1927014

ABSTRACT

Although reduced working time and furlough policy initiatives are widely regarded as important for economic and business reasons, little is known about their impacts on workers' mental health at the onset of COVID-19 pandemic. Using data from the UK Household Longitudinal Panel Study data from 2018 to February 2020 and April 2020 and change score analysis, this study aims to compare mental health changes between those who worked reduced hours, were furloughed and left/lost paid work. The results suggest that at the onset of COVID-19 reduced working time and furlough can protect workers' mental health, but only for men not for women. The gender differences remain significant even after controlling for housework and childcare responsibilities at the onset of COVID-19. These results highlight the importance of distributing paid work more equitably and formulating gender-sensitive labour market policies in protection of workers' mental health.

15.
Public Organization Review ; : 26, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1926053

ABSTRACT

This article assesses the level of transparency of epidemiological and financial budgetary information on the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazilian state governments and the Federal District. State government web portals were assessed. A methodological instrument was developed to categorize and collect the data. We also assessed whether socioeconomic and epidemiological variables can explain state government transparency indices on pandemic information. According to our results, half of Brazilian states have advanced transparency, half have moderate transparency, and one has opaque transparency. HDI and monthly income are variables that better explain the level of transparency.

16.
PACHA. Revista de Estudios Contemporáneos del Sur Global ; 7(32), 2022.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1925024

ABSTRACT

The pandemic as a result of COVID-19 has brought great losses to humanity, mainly in public health and the economy, which faced an unannounced crisis that exposed the weaknesses of public management, structural shortcomings and the inability to respond to this type of crisis. exogenous situations. In line with the aforementioned, the world has taken a series of measures to counteract the immediate impact of COVID-19, establishing the confinement and paralysis of the industry that drives the world economy, consequently, environmental changes are evident that have served to compensate to some extent from the damage caused by the hand of man;however, the projections of the impact over time are still subject to the correct management of natural resources, especially in the stage of economic reactivation. In this context, the need to investigate the involvement of human beings in the crisis caused by SARS-CoV-2 and the expectations of environmental improvement arose, for this purpose, a review of high-impact sources that explain this problem was carried out, making a selection, classification and analysis of information, The main result was that the pause caused by the confinement has brought an improvement in air and water quality, mainly, and that it is urgent that the actions linked to the post-pandemic economic reactivation be applied within the framework of a responsible environmental policy, where a new pause is not required to demonstrate concrete changes, but rather, a sustainable use is chosen.Alternate :La pandemia a raíz del COVID-19 ha traído grandes pérdidas a la humanidad, principalmente en la salud pública y la economía, las cuales afrontaron una crisis no anunciada que expuso las debilidades de gestión pública, carencias estructurales e incapacidad de respuesta a este tipo de situaciones exógenas. En línea con lo mencionado, el mundo ha tomado una serie de medidas que permita contrarrestar el impacto inmediato de la pandemia, estableciendo el confinamiento y paralización de la industria que mueve la economía mundial, consecuentemente, se evidencia cambios ambientales que han servido para resarcir en alguna medida del daño ocasionado por la mano del hombre;sin embargo, las proyecciones del impacto en el tiempo aun están sujetas a la correcta gestión de los recursos naturales, especialmente en la etapa de reactivación económica. En este contexto, nace la necesidad de investigar el involucramiento del ser humano en la crisis provocada a causa del SARS-CoV-2 y las expectativas de mejora del medio ambiente, para ello, se realizó una revisión de fuentes de alto impacto que explican esta problemática, realizando una selección, clasificación, y análisis de información, obteniendo como principal resultado que la pausa a causa del confinamiento ha traído una mejora en la calidad del aire y el agua, principalmente, y que urge que las acciones ligadas a la reactivación económica postpandemia, se apliquen en el marco de una política ambiental responsable, donde no se requiera una nueva pausa para evidenciar cambios concretos, sino que, se opte por un aprovechamiento sostenible.Alternate :A pandemia causada pela COVID-19 trouxe grandes prejuízos à humanidade, principalmente na saúde pública e na economia, que enfrentou uma crise não anunciada que expôs as fraquezas da gestão pública, deficiências estruturais e incapacidade de responder a este tipo de situação exógena. Em consonância com o acima exposto, o mundo tomou uma série de medidas para neutralizar o impacto imediato da pandemia, estabelecendo o confinamento e a paralisia da indústria que impulsiona a economia mundial, consequentemente, são evidentes as mudanças ambientais que serviram para compensar em certa medida os danos causados pela mão do homem;entretanto, as projeções do impacto ao longo do tempo ainda estão sujeitas à correta gestão dos recursos naturais, especialmente na fase de recuperação econômica. Neste contexto, surge a necessidade de investigar o envolvimento humano na crise ausada pelo SARS-CoV-2 e as expectativas de melhoria ambiental. Para isso, foi realizada uma revisão das fontes de alto impacto que explicam este problema, com uma seleção, classificação e análise das informações, O principal resultado foi que a pausa causada pelo confinamento trouxe uma melhoria na qualidade do ar e da água, principalmente, e que é urgente que as ações ligadas à reativação econômica pós-pandêmica sejam aplicadas no âmbito de uma política ambiental responsável, onde uma nova pausa não é necessária para demonstrar mudanças concretas, mas sim que se opte por um uso sustentável.

17.
Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences ; - (66E):81-98, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1924907

ABSTRACT

The Covid-19 pandemic crisis serves as a genuine natural experiment for societies worldwide, as the health-related crisis allowed governments to implement extreme measures that impacted people’s rights and freedoms, challenging the boundaries of democracy and rule of law. In the context of religious life, Romania was pointed by the OSCE as being one of the countries that have opted for the harshest measures to restrict religious life since the beginning of the pandemic. In this paper we present a case study of Romania’s restrictions imposed on religious life during the Covid-19 crisis, using secondary data analysis stemming from the UN, the OSCE, the Court of Appeal of Bucharest etc., as a framework to objectively analyze how the government should act regarding religious life, by enforcing the principles enshrined by the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, Art. no. 18. Our main findings suggest that, in Romania, during the pandemic, the restrictions imposed on religious life were politically bargained by the government rather than being mediated through national law and international standards and commitments on Freedom of Religion or Belief and based on the democratic principles of the rule of law. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences is the property of Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

18.
Public Organization Review ; 22(2):493-496, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1919906
19.
Journal of International Women's Studies ; 24(2):1-12, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1918570

ABSTRACT

While authoritarian states promoting neoliberal forms of governance have taken advantage of COVID-19 to weaken the foundations of civil society, there has also been a significant rise in contemporary struggles for a more democratic society during and around the pandemic. From December 2019 to November 2021, India has seen a significant number of protests. The timeline of collective resistance against the state and its divisive, violent and neoliberal agenda represents a critical juncture in Indian politics. This paper focuses on the farmers' protests that started from last November and recently ended in a stunning, hard-earned victory. In a sector that is overwhelmingly male-dominated and deeply patriarchal, women farmers have come out on the streets protesting the controversial Farm Laws hastily passed by the Indian government in September 2019 that threatened to corporatize farming and increase exploitation and marginalisation of small farmers. What is most interesting about the farmers' protests is large-scale participation of women across caste, class, occupational, and religious divide which has changed the composition and dynamics of collective resistance and demonstrate how organised and collective resistance can become symbols of solidarity and intersectional dissent. The paper will examine the role of gender and female agency in protests by female occupying bodies in physical spaces particularly when under the pretext of COVID -19 crisis management the state has severely pushed back against citizens right to dissent and fight for justice. The farmer's protest has brought to the fore women's role in mass mobilisations. Women's participation in the protest has tremendous significance for women's movement for justice, equality and rights and can pose a real challenge to the return of the 'Strong State'.

20.
International Journal of E-Planning Research ; 11(1):18, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1917931

ABSTRACT

The event we are facing at a global scale, the COVID-19 pandemic, can be considered a real death blow to the real markets, in general, as well as to a local heritage-based tourism market, in particular. The closing of both near and distant "borders," due to the imposed social-spatial limitations-as an early answer to the pandemic-has hugely affected the micro, small, and medium businesses within their local contexts. This article aims to identify how and if an alternative tourism offer might take/give a kind of advantage of the urban features and cultural layers of Tirana by positioning it as safe tourism in the current long wave of post-pandemic. Tirana is proposed as an experimental open lab. The adopted survey methodology was based on both traditional urban analyses as well as on an e-survey aimed to catch the overall common inclination in the city's vocation for an unconventional tourism offer. The paper is mostly focused on the survey as the base material from which to get further information to be used in subsequent co-planning and co-designing phases.

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