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1.
Health Affairs ; JOUR(11):1559-1561, 41.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2101206
2.
Journal of Contemporary Studies in Epidemiology and Public Health ; 3(1), 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2081486

ABSTRACT

In this manuscript, we discuss the current epidemiological scenario of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Africa, its implications, as well as propose recommendations.

3.
Journal of Contemporary Studies in Epidemiology and Public Health ; 2(2), 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2081485

ABSTRACT

Since the emergence of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, several countries have been strongly affected by the different impacts of the disease. This has not been different in Africa, where in addition to the current load of COVID-19, there are other epidemics (such as pneumonia) that have aggravated the situation. In this perspective article, we discuss various aspects of pneumonia amidst the COVID-19 pandemic in Africa, including its burden, current status and efforts, and related challenges.

4.
Journal of Contemporary Studies in Epidemiology and Public Health ; 3(2), 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2081465

ABSTRACT

Introduction and objectives: The global spread of the new coronavirus (COVID-19) has substantially impacted people’s lives, negatively impacting students’ mental health worldwide. This study aims to map research efforts presented over the past years and potential networks and collaborations in the fields using bibliometric analysis from documents indexed in the Scopus database. Methods: Bibliometric analysis of articles published on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on students’ mental health were accessed and analyzed using bibliometrix and R studio. Results and conclusions: The study identified 2,564 documents from 2020-2021 published in the Scopus database. About 11,161 authors, 91 countries, and 642 organizations contributed to the research on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on students’ mental health. The research collaboration index was 4.59. The top-most cited article was written by Wang et al. (2020) in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health with total citations of 3,599. The “International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health” was the most productive, with 144 publications. The top-productive corresponding author country was the USA, with 412 articles. The thematic structure analysis shows the 75 keyword terms of hot research spots within five different clusters. The bibliometric research revealed an increasing annual trend of manuscripts on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on students’ mental health. It also highlighted the authors and countries working in this research field.

5.
Journal of Contemporary Studies in Epidemiology and Public Health ; 3(2), 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2081464

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study examined the effects of the COVID-19 global pandemic on the mental health and well-being of college students residing in a rural community. Particular attention was paid to student gender identity and sexual orientation. Eligible students reported on their mental health statuses, coping strategies, distresses, demographics, and original items to capture students’ experiences. Participants: Participants were 372 undergraduate and graduate student's living in residence halls or on-campus housing enrolled in a public university between January and March 2021. Methods: Univariate and bivariate statistical analyses were utilized. Open-text responses about navigating mental health challenges during the COVID-19 pandemic are summarized. Results: Students who identified as LGBTQ+ (p<0.001) or non-binary (p=0.0022) scored significantly higher in depressive symptoms, while year in school, race, or ethnicity did not appear to play a role in overall mental health status. Conclusion: This study can be used to help enhance current mental health services offered on-campus, especially for students who face higher burden of mental health risks.

6.
Journal of Contemporary Studies in Epidemiology and Public Health ; 3(1), 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2081463

ABSTRACT

This manuscript briefly discusses the importance of periodontal hygiene and its relationship to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 infection.

7.
Journal of Contemporary Studies in Epidemiology and Public Health ; 3(1), 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2081462

ABSTRACT

The current pandemic has highlighted the vulnerability of healthcare systems all over the world. Turkey experienced more than 130 brutal episodes of wildfires of history. According to a report, eight people died, more than 50 were hospitalized, and thousands of residents and tourists were evacuated. The wildfire impacted the healthcare facilities of Turkey directly as well as indirectly, exerting extra strain on an already overburdened system. In this article, we made some recommendations to combat the catastrophe aiming to unburden the healthcare system of Turkey.

8.
Journal of Contemporary Studies in Epidemiology and Public Health ; 3(1), 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2081461

ABSTRACT

Introduction and Objectives: Man-made disasters can be grouped as technology and violence origin such disasters occur as a result of conscious or unconscious mistakes where chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear threats are used. It has become significant for hospitals to prepare a plan, which includes information and practical actions, including all situations that require urgency and actions to be taken in emergencies that may occur in workplaces. Coronaviruses are a diverse group of viruses that infect many different animals and can cause mild to severe respiratory infections in humans. Two highly pathogenic coronaviruses of zoonotic origin, the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), emerged in humans in 2002 and 2012, respectively. At the end of 2019, the emergence of a new coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, in the Chinese city of Wuhan caused an unusual viral pneumonia epidemic. In this study, hospital emergency management plan is examined to the currently effective pandemic element of COVID-19 disease. Methods: It reviews the current situation and recommended actions to improve the preparedness of hospitals in five critical hospital roles during disasters: executing planning and coordination, maintaining disaster capacity, training and disaster drills with the broader health and public safety communities, protection hospital and staff, and surveillance as showing. In this context, coranavirus (SARS-CoV-2) COVID-19 hospital disaster emergency plan system model has been tried to be created. While creating the system method, it proposes a model of how the primary diagnosis and intermediate treatments will be handled in the risk method for the emergency room cases and the clinic, by handling confirmed and suspected cases through both the healthcare personnel and the medical supply system. Results and Conclusions: As a result, the hospital emergency management plan can ease the emergency department workload, protect healthcare personnel, and control cross infection during the COVID-19 outbreak. Each hospital needs to create an emergency plan suitable for its own conditions. Hospitals can take interim measures, including online consultation, zoning, and epidemic priority to relieve pressure on clinical trials, reduce cross-infection, and strengthen protection of high-risk personnel.

9.
Pravention und Gesundheitsförderung ; 17(4):435-443, 2022.
Article in German | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2075538

ABSTRACT

ZusammenfassungHintergrundDie COVID-19-Pandemie („coronavirus disease 2019“) stellt im Gesundheitsbereich eine Herausforderung dar. Die Kenntnis organisationaler Schutz- und Risikofaktoren ist zentral zur Aufrechterhaltung des psychosozialen Wohlbefindens der Mitarbeitenden sowie der Versorgung von Klient:innen.ZielDas Ziel dieser qualitativen Untersuchung von Führungspersonal und Mitarbeiter:innen ist die Identifikation von spezifischen Schutz- und Belastungsfaktoren bei der Begleitung von Menschen mit Beeinträchtigung. Auf dieser Basis sollen Rückschlüsse auf notwendige Anpassungen der Führung in Krisensituationen möglich werden.MethodikZwischen Oktober und Dezember 2020 wurden online-basierte Expert:inneninterviews (n = 11) mit Mitarbeiter:innen der Lebenshilfe Tirol durchgeführt. Durch Anwendung der Grounded Theory wurde ein Modell zur Erklärung des Erlebens von Gesundheitspersonal sowie den Kontextfaktoren und Bewältigungsstrategien in der Behindertenbetreuung erstellt.ErgebnisseDas Stresserleben während der COVID-19-Pandemie war durch Unsicherheit und Überforderung charakterisiert, welche durch die Neuartigkeit der Situation, einem Übermaß an Informationen sowie veränderte Arbeitsbedingungen unter verringerter Partizipation hervorgerufen wurden. Positives Erleben war mit Sinnerfülltheit sowie flachen Hierarchien und der Identifikation mit der Organisation assoziiert. Durch eine Anpassung des Führungsverhaltens, der durch flache Hierarchien gekennzeichneten Organisation, hin zu direktiven Entscheidungen konnte erfolgreich auf die Pandemie reagiert werden.DiskussionDie Ergebnisse dieser Untersuchung weisen auf veränderte Anforderungen an das Führungsverhalten und einen Bedarf an verstärkter direktiver Führung während Krisen hin. Dabei erwiesen sich dezentrale Strukturen und ein laufender Dialog mit Mitarbeiter:innen, Klient:innen und Angehörigen als zentrale Resilienzfaktoren. Nur durch ausreichende Kommunikation und Inkludierung der Mitarbeiter:innen kann der Wechsel im Führungsstil akzeptiert werden.

10.
Pravention und Gesundheitsförderung ; 17(4):545-551, 2022.
Article in German | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2075537

ABSTRACT

ZusammenfassungZiel der StudieIn der vorliegenden Studie werden Knappheitsentscheidungen von medizinischen Laien bei der Behandlung von COVID-19(„Coronavirus Disease 2019“)-Patienten untersucht.MethodikIn den multivariaten clusterkorrigierten Regressionen werden die Antworten auf 1802 Fallsituationen einer Vignettenstudie ausgewertet, die von 181 medizinischen Laien eingeschätzt wurden.ErgebnisseJüngere Patienten, Männer, Erkrankte mit hohen Genesungschancen, eigenen Kindern und einem Beruf in einem Krankenhaus werden von den medizinischen Laien bevorzugt eingestuft.SchlussfolgerungMedizinische Laien wenden bewusst oder unbewusst soziale Kriterien der Entscheidungsfindung bei Knappheit der medizinischen Ressourcen an, die aus professioneller medizinischer und ethischer Sicht unzulässig sind. Zur Einschätzung der Akzeptanz in der allgemeinen Bevölkerung sollte dieser Umstand berücksichtigt werden.

11.
Pravention und Gesundheitsförderung ; 17(4):537-544, 2022.
Article in German | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2075536

ABSTRACT

ZusammenfassungHintergrundImpfungen stellen eine bedeutende Präventionsmaßnahme dar. Grundlegend für die Eindämmung der Coronapandemie mittels Durchimpfung der Gesellschaft ist eine ausgeprägte Impfbereitschaft.Ziel der ArbeitDie Impfbereitschaft mit einem COVID‑19-Vakzin (Impfstoff gegen das Coronavirus) und deren Einflussfaktoren werden anhand einer Zufallsstichprobe der Gesamtbevölkerung in Deutschland untersucht.Material und MethodenDie Studie basiert auf einer telefonischen Zufallsstichprobe und berücksichtigt ältere und vorerkrankte Personen ihrem Bevölkerungsanteil entsprechend. Die Ein-Themen-Bevölkerungsbefragung zur Impfbereitschaft (n = 2014) wurde im November/Dezember 2020 durchgeführt.ErgebnisseDie Impfbereitschaft in der Stichprobe liegt bei rund 67 %. Vorerfahrungen mit Impfungen moderieren die Impfbereitschaft. Sie steigt bei Zugehörigkeit zu einer Risikogruppe. Der Glaube an die Wirksamkeit alternativer Heilmethoden und Befürwortung alternativer Behandlungsverfahren geht mit geringerer Impfbereitschaft einher. Ältere Menschen sind impfbereiter, kovariierend mit ihrer Einschätzung höherer Gefährdung bei Erkrankung. Ebenso ist die Ablehnung einer Impfung mit der Überschätzung von Nebenwirkungen assoziiert.SchlussfolgerungDie Impfbereitschaft hängt mit Impferfahrungen und Einstellungen zu Gesundheitsbehandlungsverfahren allgemein zusammen. Die Überschätzung der Häufigkeit ernsthafter Nebenwirkungen bei Impfungen weist auf weit verbreitete Fehlinformationen hin.

12.
The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development ; 36(1):1, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2073970

ABSTRACT

Background: The World Health Organization recommended that expanding COVID-19 laboratory testing is one of the disease mitigation mechanisms. In Ethiopia, even though here are few advanced diagnostic laboratories, most of the COVID-19 RT-PCR based diagnostic laboratory service was provided by public laboratories. This situation creates a major gap in the availability of COVID-19 laboratory testing for the wide public majority, and one of the main challenges in the control and prevention of the disease. Objective: to assess the existing potentials for the expansion of COVID-19 RT-PCR based diagnostic services in private advanced medical laboratories through public-private partnership approaches in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from May to July 2020, among eight private advanced laboratories in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. A structured questionnaire and on-site observation were made to assess their experiences on molecular laboratory based diagnostic services, perceived challenges, and their readiness to deliver RT-PCR based COVID-19 laboratory services on the level of trained laboratory personnel and molecular laboratory setups. Besides, discussion with government officials on the feasibility of COVID-19 RT-PCR diagnostic services through public-private partnership was made. The collected data were entered and analysed using SPSS version 20 statistical software. The study was approved by the institutional review board of the College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, and Ethiopian Public Health Institute. Results: Among eight advanced private laboratories, five of the laboratories had previous experience in molecular laboratory testing which includes viral load testing for HIV/AIDS (5/8,). Regarding COVID-19 service readiness, one laboratory had excellent grades towards starting COVID-19 testing;four private laboratories graded as very good and had great interest to provide COVID-19 testing with very minimal support and arrangement with government body. Cost of molecular tests (6/8,), lack of reliable suppliers (6/8,), lack of technical advisors (5/8,) and policy related issues (4/8) were the major perceived challenges to arrange molecular laboratory testing. Currently Five out of eight , private laboratories are providing RT-PCR based COVID-19 testing services to the public. Conclusion: In the COVID-19 pandemic era, there is high possibility of expanding COVID-19 diagnostics services in private diagnostic laboratories through mutual benefit and public centred discussion between private laboratories and government bodies through public-private partnership in Ethiopia. This kind of partnership could be a lesson to be considered for any future possible outbreaks, happen to act both public and private Laboratories synergistically.

13.
The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development ; 36(2):1, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2073767

ABSTRACT

Background: Environmental concerns are increasing in and around us due to improper discharge of personal protective gear or equipment (PPEs) during the current pandemic with SARS-CoV-2. The residents of Salalah, under the Dhofar governorate of Oman, were hastening to take every possible measure to safeguard their health against the COVID-19 pandemic. In this scenario, improper discard of facemasks in the environment entails a significant problem for public health and aquatic environments. Objective: This study aims to assess how the SARS-CoV-2 virus disrupted the household waste management chain in the Sultanate of Oman. In addition, descriptive survey has also identified people's perception about the existing household waste management system. Methods: Total 200 respondents were personally selected under the purposive sampling category. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 26. The mean, standard deviation, and distribution shape were calculated based on the retrieved data. The variables and frequencies were tabulated for categorical variables. Results show negative impacts on the environment, wildlife, and public health. It was also observed that there was a significant difference when grouped according to residence location since the obtainedalso observed a significant difference when grouped according to residence location since the p-value of 0.007 was less than 0.05 alpha level. This means that the responses differ significantly. It shows from the test conducted that participants from the village experienced and observed a negative impact on the discarded face masks compared to those in the city. Conclusion and recommendation: This study illustrates the real impact of the COVID-19 face masks on the environment, wildlife, and public health. In addition, the new management of the user's face masks for eliminating or reducing the risks to human health and the environment has been suggested.

14.
The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development ; 36(1):1, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2073393

ABSTRACT

Background:During the COVID – 19 pandemic, health management is of utmost important in order to ensure a better quality of life for every individual. With this being said, it is imperative to explore the ways and means to enhance the immune system of individuals through the adoptionand use of health fitness apps used for improving the quality of life of individuals and health fitness mobile (HFM) application developers. Aim:This study aimed to explore the users‟ perception of social media influence on various factors, including the adoption and continuous use of HFM apps. Methods:This study utilized a quantitative research design, usingstructured questionnaires which were distributed amongst all the health app users located in four-tier 1 cities in India namely Bengaluru, Chennai, Delhi, and Mumbai. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to analyze the measurement model. A path analysis was conducted to examine the conceptual model of the research. Results: The results of the analysis indicatedthat social media hasa significant influence on perceived usefulness, trust, and ease of use, and these factors also have a significant positive impact on the adoption of HFM apps. The adoption of HFM apps also has a significant positive impact on satisfaction and it also hasa significant positive effect on the continuous use of HFM applications. Conclusions: Based on the results of this research, it has been found that health app developers are expected to focus on perceived usefulness, perceived trust, and perceived ease of use during the design, and development of their fitness apps, and also during the promotion of the apps on social media networking sites. The HFM app developers should also focus on the usefulness of the apps, in accordance with the expectations of the intended users as this directly impacts the adoption of the health fitness mobile apps by the users. Similarly, the reviews/ comments/ feedback shared by the current users on social media networks has a significant impact on the perceived usefulness for potential users. Therefore, negative comments or reviews shared on social media should be immediately addressed by the HFM app developers with appropriate updates/versions/features and this should be reported on social media, in order to enhance perceived usefulness, and trust among the intended users. However, satisfied users are loyal users, hence they would be more inclined to use the HFM apps continuously. Therefore, understanding the users‟ requirements and making appropriate modifications promptly will enable the app developers to retain their users.

15.
Health Reports ; 31(4):22-27, 2020.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2057793

ABSTRACT

Background: While the physical health implications of the COVID-19 pandemic are regularly publicly available, the mental health toll on Canadians is unknown. This article examines the self-perceived mental health of Canadians during the COVID-19 pandemic and explores associations with various concerns after accounting for socioeconomic and health factors. Data: The cross-sectional Canadian Perspectives Survey Series 1 collected information related to COVID-19 in late March and early April 2020 concerning labour market participation, behaviours, and health for the Canadian population 15 years and older living in the 10 provinces. Methods: Socioeconomic and health characteristics of respondents as well as concerns about the impact of COVID-19 were examined to determine differences in experiencing excellent or very good compared to good, fair or poor perceived mental health. Results: Just over half of Canadians aged 15 and older (54%) reported excellent or very good mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic. Several concerns were also associated with mental health. Notably, after considering the effects of socioeconomic and health characteristics, women, youth, individuals with a physical health condition and those who were very or extremely concerned with family stress from confinement were less likely to report excellent or very good mental health. Interpretation: These findings point to particular risks for lower perceived mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic. Results highlight various concerns of Canadians which may be associated with mental health, in particular, family stress in the home.

16.
Journal of Health Research ; 36(6):1018-1027, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2051875

ABSTRACT

Purpose>The Chulalongkorn-Hasanuddin Rifampicin-Resistant Tuberculosis Screening Tool (CUHAS-ROBUST) is an artificial intelligence–based (AI–based) application for rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis (RR-TB) screening. This study aims to elaborate on the drug-resistant TB (DR-TB) problem and the impact of CUHAS-ROBUST implementation on RR-TB screening.Design/methodology/approach>A qualitative approach with content analysis was performed from September 2020 to October 2020. Medical staff from the primary care center were invited online for application trials and in-depth video call interviews. Transcripts were derived as a data source. An inductive thematic data saturation technique was conducted. Descriptive data of participants, user experience and the impact on the health service were summarizedFindings>A total of 33 participants were selected from eight major islands in Indonesia. The findings show that DR-TB is a new threat, and its diagnosis faces obstacles particularly prolonged waiting time and inevitable delayed treatment. Despite overcoming the RR-TB screening problems with fast prediction, the dubious screening performance, and the reliability of data collection for input parameters were the main concerns of CUHAS-ROBUST. Nevertheless, this application increases the confidence in decision-making, promotes medical procedure compliance, active surveillance and enhancing a low-cost screening approach.Originality/value>The CUHAS-ROBUST achieved its purpose as a tool for clinical decision-making in RR-TB screening. Moreover, this study demonstrates AI roles in enhancing health-care quality and boost public health efforts against tuberculosis.

17.
International Journal of Health and Economic Development ; 9(1):1-9, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2046912

ABSTRACT

The corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) global pandemic period has drastically affected everyone worldwide. The global pandemic is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). Covid 19 has changed people's lifestyles. However, the lifestyles that people implemented would remain the same for a long-time affecting people's health. Therefore, this research focused on women of childbearing age and worked or studied from home. The result found that the BMI of women who are mothers (women of childbearing age) got lower BMI with more hours of sleep. The study found that a majority of them were married, and a majority had higher education.

19.
Journal of Allied Health ; 51(3):161-162, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2045409
20.
Sciences Sociales et Santé ; 39(2):33-41, 2021.
Article in French | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2029848

ABSTRACT

La pandémie de la Covid-19, comme d’autres crises sanitaires antérieures, pose la question du pouvoir attribuable aux acteurs scientifiques dans l’action publique, et ce de manière particulièrement vive. Elle a parfaitement illustré la confusion qui entoure le phénomène de l’expertise. Le pouvoir expert n’a en effet jamais semblé aussi grand, à plusieurs niveaux. D’un point de vue rhétorique, les politiques ont assuré respecter l’avis des scientifiques et faire confiance à la science. Institutionnellement, un comité scientifique a été instauré, au plus près du centre des décisions. D’un point de vue épistémique, il est manifeste que les modèles et tableaux de données épidémiologiques sont intégrés dans le lot des connaissances mobilisées dans l’action au jour le jour.Pour autant, l’avis des scientifiques ne constitue qu’un ingrédient dans la formulation des décisions. Les jeux de pouvoir institutionnels et l’impératif de la mise en scène du pouvoir décisionnel ont imposé de s’en écarter. Le conseil scientifique installé auprès du Président n’est par ailleurs qu’un des lieux de formulation de ces décisions. Les sources de l’expertise épidémiologique et virologique sont multiples, et s’expriment dans des arènes concurrentes. Les désaccords entre experts, redoublés par l’effet des incertitudes persistantes, contribuent à limiter la crédibilité, et donc l’impact des acteurs scientifiques. Les données épidémiologiques, enfin, ne sont pas l’unique déclencheur des choix concrets. Elles n’expliquent pas le détail des mesures prises, leur succession, ou ce qui se passe dans la mise en œuvre.Que l’action publique soit indissociable de la production et de l’interprétation de connaissances scientifiques, par celles et ceux qui ont l’autorité sociale en la matière, est un fait social incontournable. Mais par-delà ce fait générique (Delmas, 2011), l’expertise reste le lieu d’un paradoxe : les acteurs scientifiques sont aussi présents que leur influence concrète sur l’action publique est contenue. Ce paradoxe est du reste bien connu. Il a été noté de longue date. La sociologue des sciences américaine Dorothy Nelkin (1975) soulignait notre rapport ambivalent à l’expertise et aux experts, à la fois constamment demandés et consultés, mais tout à la fois craints et critiqués. La contradiction est si forte que, dans une synthèse récente, Gil Eyal refuse tout simplement de définir le type de pouvoir que serait l’expertise (Eyal, 2019). Le terme marque selon lui moins l’instauration d’un pouvoir technocratique qu’il n’aide à exprimer les frictions et contestations que suscite irrémédiablement le recours aux savoirs dans l’action publique.Dans ce commentaire, je me propose de rassembler les recherches en sociologie politique, sociologie des sciences, sociologie des risques, pour parcourir ce paradoxe et identifier des pistes de recherche permettant de l’éclairer.

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