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COVID-19 and a World of Ad Hoc Geographies: Volume 1 ; 1:1719-1731, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2323534


The sporting world in a post COVID-19 environment will undergo meaningful changes to many aspects of its existence over the next few years. Structural changes to the sport, fan interaction, fan identity, economic impacts on the local communities, and various changes to the physical landscape, are all issues we are likely to see after sporting leagues resume "normal” operations. This chapter seeks to examine how the COVID-19 virus will impact sports from a geographic perspective. What does an overall structural change to a sport mean for local communities' economy and neighborhood identity? This project will offer a better understanding of the social, racial justice, and economic impacts felt at the local level by examining the English Premier league and NASCAR as barometers. This chapter will compare data collected prior to the outbreak of COVID-19 to data collected after, both datasets dealing with similar issues involved with the sports discussed here. © The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2022.

Sport in Society: Cultures, Commerce, Media, Politics ; 26(2):366-379, 2023.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2320465
IEEE Robotics & Automation Magazine ; 30(1):103-128, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2272771
International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration ; 28(2), 2020.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2138152
2022 IEEE International Conference on Electrical, Computer, and Energy Technologies, ICECET 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2063233
BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med ; 8(3): e001327, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2042870


Objectives: To investigate the association and utility of blood plasma markers of neurodegeneration in a population of retired athletes self-reporting multiple concussions throughout a sporting career. It is hypothesised that this type of athletic history would cause an increased prevalence of neurodegenerative disease, as detected by biomarkers for neurodegenerative disease processes. Methods: One hundred and fifty-nine participants were recruited (90 males, 69 females, mean age 61.3±9.13 years), including 121 participants who had retired from playing professional or semiprofessional sports and self-reported ≥1 concussion during their careers (range 1-74; mean concussions=10.7). The control group included 38 age-matched and sex-matched controls, with no history of concussion. We measured neurofilament light (NfL) and tau (neurodegeneration markers), glial fibrillar acidic protein (GFAP) (astrocytic activation marker) and 40 and 42 amino acid-long amyloid beta (Aß40 and Aß42) (Alzheimer-associated amyloid pathology markers) concentrations using ultrasensitive single molecule array technology. Results: We found retired athletes reporting one or more concussions throughout an athletic career showed no significant changes in NfL, tau, GFAP and Aß40 and Aß42 concentrations in comparison to a control group. No correlations were found between biomarkers and number of concussions (mean=10.7). A moderate correlation was found between NfL concentration and age. Conclusion: No difference in blood concentrations of neurodegeneration markers NfL, tau, GFAP and Aß40 and Aß42 was found in retired athletes with a history of concussion compared with controls. An increased prevalence of neurodegenerative diseases is not detected by biomarkers in a population self-reporting multiple concussions. Trial registration number: ISRCTN 11312093.

Heritage and Sustainable Development ; 3(2):102-110, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2026738
23rd International Carpathian Control Conference, ICCC 2022 ; : 167-170, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1961392
International Conference on Tourism, Technology and Systems, ICOTTS 2021 ; 293:541-552, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1958931
Sustainability ; 14(3):1361, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1686994