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1.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12811, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066465

ABSTRACT

Although the needs for sustainable urban infrastructure systems are increasingly being recognized and addressed, the same is not true for Native American communities, where existence, condition, and access to a collection of infrastructure systems is often lagging behind urban and non-native communities. To date, there has been a quite limited number of studies exploring Native American perspectives on infrastructure challenges and how to build sustainable and resilient infrastructure systems in their communities. Thus, the purpose of this study is to identify the challenges and opportunities for building sustainable infrastructure systems for Native American communities in Southern California and investigate how those communities experience, understand, and apply engineering practice in the context of their community and culture. Drawing from six group interviews, our study highlights challenges and opportunities for building sustainable and resilient infrastructure systems on tribal reservations in San Diego County, California, from the perspectives offered by Native Americans themselves. We focus on infrastructure systems fundamental to well-being: built environment, water/wastewater, telecommunications, transportation, energy, human capital, and education. Our research participants emphasized the importance of their cultures, sovereignty, and care for the welfare of their communities in innovating sustainable and resilient infrastructure. To accomplish this, a key priority should be to train native engineers, who are best positioned to understand the infrastructure needs and opportunities in their own communities.

2.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12716, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066456

ABSTRACT

In broader terms, a Smart City improves the quality of life of its citizens through the effective use of innovative (digital) solutions. While innovative Smart City solutions keep growing, attention has been paid to resilience-making within Smart Cities, recognising that disasters are unavoidable. In light of the characteristics of a Smart City (smartness requirements) being inchoate and vague, different Smart Cities develop their own smartness criteria. Regardless of the Smart City type, smartness criteria need to adequately embed resilience. Integrating the resilience concept provides a strategic direction for Smart Cities and there is a significant positive relationship between the two concepts, Smart Cities, and urban resilience. Although Smart Cities are increasingly growing in popularity all around the world, there is a lack of research to guide a Smart City to define its smartness reflecting on disaster resilience. This paper intends to address this research gap by setting out a set of smartness criteria (with particular reference to urban (city) resilience) which should compulsorily feature in any type of Smart City that desires to be resilient. The study undertakes a systematic literature review to provide a new dimension, depth, and value to existing research discoveries. The findings are presented by structuring ten urban (city) resilience dimensions built upon six Smart City dimensions: smart economy, smart governance, smart people, smart mobility, smart living, and smart environment. Our findings make a niche contribution to knowledge by guiding Smart Cities that intend to build, enhance, and/or sustain resilience, to develop smartness criteria/smart characteristics reflecting on urban resilience. The research outcomes will be of large importance to Smart City policymakers, administrators, project managers, etc. to efficiently manage extreme events timely with optimal resource allocation and will be of specific interest to all the stakeholders (for instance, the innovators) in a Smart City ecosystem who may use the research outcomes as a decision-making tool.

3.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12224, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066385

ABSTRACT

In recent years, with the rise of the Internet, e-commerce has become an important field of commodity sales. However, e-commerce is affected by many factors, and the wrong judgment of supply and marketing relationships will bring huge losses to operators. Therefore, it is of great significance to establish a model that can effectively achieve high precision sales prediction for ensuring the sustainable development of e-commerce enterprises. In this paper, we propose an e-commerce sales forecasting model that considers the features of many aspects of correlation. In the first layer of the model, the temporal convolutional network (TCN) is used to extract the deep temporal characteristics of univariate sales historical data, which ensures the integrity of temporal information of sales characteristics. In the second layer, the feature selection method based on reinforcement learning is used to filter the effective correlation feature set and combine it with the temporal feature after processing, which not only improves the amount of effective information input by the model, but also avoids the high feature dimension. The third layer of the reformer model learns all the features and pays different attention to the features with different degrees of importance, ensuring the stability of the sales forecast. In the experimental part, we compare the proposed model with the current advanced sales forecasting model, and we can find that the proposed model has higher stability and accuracy.

4.
Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society ; 2022, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2064325

ABSTRACT

Africa’s first COVID-19 case was recorded in Egypt on February 14, 2020. Although it is not as expected by the World Health Organization (WHO) and other international organizations, currently a large number of Africans are getting infected by the virus. In this work, we studied the trend of the COVID-19 outbreak generally in Africa as a continent and in the five African regions separately. The study also investigated the validity of the ARIMA approach to forecast the spread of COVID-19 in Africa. The data of daily confirmed new COVID-19 cases from February 15 to October 16, 2020, were collected from the official website of Our World in Data to construct the autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model and to predict the trend of the daily confirmed cases through STATA 13 and EViews 9 software. The model used for our ARIMA estimation and prediction was (3, 1, 4) for Africa as a continent, ARIMA (3, 1, 3) for East Africa, ARIMA (2, 1, 3) for West Africa, ARIMA (2, 1, 3) for Central Africa, ARIMA (1, 1, 4) for North Africa, and ARIMA (4, 1, 5) for Southern Africa. Finally, the forecasted values were compared with the actual number of COVID-19 cases in the region. At the African level, the ARIMA model forecasted values and the actual data have similar signs with slightly different sizes, and there were some deviations at the subregional level. However, given the uncertain nature of the current COVID-19 pandemic, it is helpful to forecast the future trend of such pandemics by employing the ARIMA model.

5.
Asian Association of Open Universities Journal ; 17(2):134-146, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2063148

ABSTRACT

Purpose>Measuring internal response of online learning is seen as fundamental to absorptive capacity which stimulates knowledge assimilation. However, the evaluation of practice and research of validated instruments that could effectively measure online learning response behavior is limited. Thus, in this study, a new instrument was designed based on literature to determine the structural variables that exist in the online learning response behavior.Design/methodology/approach>A structured survey was designed and distributed to 410 Malaysian students enrolled in higher-education institutions. The questionnaire has 38 items, all of which were scored using a seven-point likert scale. To begin with, exploratory factor analysis with three types of extraction methods (i.e. principal component, principal axis factoring and maximum likelihood) was used as the method for comparing the outcomes of each extraction method's grouping variables by constantly using a varimax rotation method. In the second phase, reliability analysis was performed to determine the reliability level of the grouping variables, and finally, correlation analysis was performed to determine the discriminant nomological validity of the grouping variables.Findings>The findings revealed that nine grouping variables were retrieved, with all items having a good value of factor loading and communalities, as well as an adequate degree of reliability. These extracted variables have good discriminant and nomological validity, as evidenced by correlation analysis, which confirmed that the directions of relationships among the extracted dimensions follow the expected theory (i.e. positive direction) and the correlation coefficient is less than 0.70.Research limitations/implications>This study proposes a comprehensive set of questionnaires that measure the student's online learning response behavior. These questionnaires have been developed on the basis of an extensive literature review and have undergone a rigorous process of validity and reliability for the purpose of enhancing students' online learning response behavior.Originality/value>This study's findings will aid academic practitioners in assessing the online learning response behavior of students, as well as enhancing the questionnaire's boost factor when administered in an online learning environment.

6.
International Journal of Caring Sciences ; 15(2):931-940, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2058424

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 is a disease that causes many people to get sick and die. Nurses were diagnosed with COVID-19 disease, and some nurses also died from this disease. The aim of this study is to examine the life experiences of nurses diagnosed with COVID-19. Methods: This research was conducted with the qualitative research method. The data were collected using a semi-structured interview form using the in-depth interview technique. The study was conducted with 22 people until the data repeat occurred. Seven categories were determined as a result of the analysis of this research. Results: These categories are as follows: Changes in your life after being infected with the disease, changes in working life, perspective on the disease, strategy to cope with the epidemic, contamination status, attitude of the environment and post-illness symptoms. Conclusion: It has been found that nurses take more preventive measures after the illness, take the disease more seriously, follow the mask rule, distance rule and hygiene rules more, and are exposed to stigma by the society due to their profession.

7.
International Journal of Caring Sciences ; 15(2):1242-1249, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2057872

ABSTRACT

Background: With the COVID-19 virus outbreak, access to reproductive health services in humanitarian settings has become doubly difficult for women with disabilities. Objective: This study aimed to determine the access of women with disabilities to reproductive health services during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methodology: A qualitative phenomenological research method was implemented in this study. The sample of the study consisted of 28 women with disabilites. The data were collected using a descriptive information form and semi-structured interview form. The interviews were conducted face-to-face. Content analysis method was used in the analysis. Results: Women with disabilities experience several problems on accessing reproductive health services during the pandemic. Three main themes were determined. These themes were;importance of reproductive health, challenges to sexual and reproductive health access, and social support. It has been determined that women with disabilites had problems about mobility, communication, and awareness of health personnel in accessing reproductive services. Conclusions: Efforts must be made to ensure continuity in reproductive health services for women with disabilities and early identification and intervention so that existing vulnerabilities are not exacerbated during the COVID-19 pandemic. It is important that nurses take a role in the development of these policies and efforts.

8.
Espacio Abierto ; 31(3):1, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2057635

ABSTRACT

Os ciclos econômicos possuem uma dinâmica que se manifesta no formato de ondas. A inflexão da fase de auge econômico (boom) para a fase de recessão é o momento de crise. Menosprezada por muitos, pode-se afirmar que os efeitos da crise pandêmica decorrente da Covid-19 ganharam implicações típicas de uma grande crise global, sobretudo no Brasil. Neste cenário de pandemia, segundo a Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS), a economia global foi inserida numa grave crise socioeconômica. O objetivo fundamental do presente artigo é discutir a concepção conceitual de crise e de movimentos cíclicos em tempos de pandemia de Covid-19 e as principais implicações socioeconômicas no Brasil. Para alcançar esse objetivo, o artigo fará uso de metodologia de pesquisa do tipo exploratória e qualitativa. A principal conclusão é a de que a crise pandêmica trouxe para o Brasil uma série de problemas econômicos, tais como: desemprego e alta inflacionária, porém o fato mais grave foram os problemas de ordem social, principalmente o aumento significativo da pobreza e da desigualdade social. O uso do "auxílio emergencial", como política anticíclica e de apoio as estratificações sociais mais vulneráveis em tempos de pandemia, foi de extrema importância por ter criado um "colchão" de proteção social. Entretanto, tendo como base uma série de dados oficiais, pode-se afirmar que o governo Bolsonaro não conseguiu lograr êxito em sua empreitada para mitigar os impactos socioeconômicos da crise de Covid-19 no Brasil, muito disso por conta de uma retórica negacionista e de muita desinformação (fake news) em relação as vacinasAlternate :Economic cycles have a dynamic that manifests itself in the form of waves. The inflection from the economic boom phase to the recession phase is the moment of crisis. Disregarded by many, it can be said that the effects of the pandemic crisis resulting from Covid-19 have gained typical implications of a major global crisis, especially in Brazil. In this pandemic scenario, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), the global economy has been inserted into a serious socioeconomic crisis. The fundamental objective of this article is to discuss the conceptual conception of crisis and cyclical movements in times of the Covid-19 pandemic and the main socioeconomic implications in Brazil. To achieve this objective, the article will use exploratory and qualitative research methodology. The main conclusion is that the pandemic crisis brought to Brazil a series of economic problems, such as unemployment and high inflation, but the most serious fact was the social problems, mainly the significant increase in poverty and social inequality. . The use of "auxílio emergencial", as a counter-cyclical policy and to support the most vulnerable social stratifications in times of a pandemic, was extremely important for having created a "mattress" of social protection. However, based on a series of official data, it can be said that the Bolsonaro government was unable to succeed in its endeavor to mitigate the socioeconomic impacts of the Covid-19 crisis in Brazil, much of it due to denialist rhetoric and a lot of disinformation (fake news) about vaccines.

9.
Human Organization ; 81(3):291-300, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2046548

ABSTRACT

By understanding pandemics and compounding disasters as disruptive sociopolitical processes rooted in histories and geographies of systemic inequality, we reflect on both novel and familiar manifestations of research practice, ethical decision making, and responsibility during the COVID-19 pandemic. We advocate for the importance of flexible, care-driven research methods that forefront local expertise and collaborations and relational ethics that are, oftentimes, at odds with neoliberal and institutional temporalities. Lastly, we reflect on how our own positionalities and experiences shape how we have navigated, reconceptualized, and challenged our own research practices in the context of a global pandemic.

10.
Human Organization ; 81(3):271-279, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2045706

ABSTRACT

Developing a deeper understanding of the human dimensions of coral reef restoration and monitoring is imperative in efforts to sustain and restore the world's coral reefs, which are experiencing catastrophic declines. This article reports on the methodologies used to conduct interdisciplinary fieldwork that began in June 2020, investigating how coral restoration practitioners navigated the ecological and societal changes impacting reef restoration and monitoring strategies for the Florida Reef Tract. The necessity to limit face-to-face contact due to the COVID-19 pandemic resulted in shifts in the way the researchers communicated with stakeholders regarding environmental management practices. The research team utilized digital ethnographic methodologies to investigate the challenges in testing and implementing monitoring methods used for coral reef restoration. This paper discusses the impact of conducting interdisciplinary team-based research and community engagement during a pandemic. The challenges and opportunities in conducting virtual ethnographic interviews from multi-leveled stakeholder groups through online communication platforms are explored. This work found that the COVID-19 pandemic restructured the way research can be conducted to reach stakeholders who would be unavailable using traditional in-person data collection strategies.

11.
Human Organization ; 81(3):280-290, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2045673

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has had disproportionate impacts on communities that already bear disparate burdens of environmental and climate injustice. Migrant communities and those that have been historically marginalized are especially vulnerable. Building and maintaining relationships that serve as community support is challenged by the distance mandated by the virus. In this article, research partners from neighborhood and academic communities explore ways that we have navigated related challenges. Using the organizing and research methodology of legislative theatre, our collaborative harnessed virtual space to maintain connection and further our research goals. Zoom became our virtual gathering space, which was enriched by incorporating embodied practices into our processes to deepen intimacy. We found that responsivity and consistency of connection served to support relationships in the absence of physical presence. While these practices and approaches allowed us to move our work forward while prioritizing equitable relationships, challenges remain. Accessibility is a key barrier, as both technology and internet connection are unreliable in many communities. Equity work, regardless of the form of engagement, requires time and engagement with place. Yet, we found that storytelling combined with embodied practices, responsivity, and consistency of connection, can transcend virtual space to promote healing and change.

12.
Academy of Marketing Studies Journal ; 26(5), 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2045643

ABSTRACT

In a VUCA world, things are extremely unpredictable and the onset of the COVID-19 took every industry by storm. The banking industry is witnessing seismic shifts as traditional net banking banks are being challenged by new-age, digital-only wallets that focus on a hyper-personalized digital-first approach to replace the traditional net banking experience. This research aims to understand the shifts in millennial customer behaviour that have taken place as they progress from net banking to digital wallets for their day-to-day payments. This research is based on primary quantitative data along with an intensive analysis of research papers, articles, and journals. The findings suggest that millennial customers are willing to try out new digital wallet apps and consider them reliable and convenient, indicating high levels of acceptance. Three key factors were majorly responsible for the change in customer behaviour from net banking to digital wallets 1) Performance efficiency 2) social influence 3) Safety. Therefore, digital wallets need to focus on these factors to maximize their digital interactions and embrace innovation to help millennials in their day-to-day banking needs.

13.
American Journal of Public Health ; 112:S393-S394, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2045598

ABSTRACT

[...]In 2020 the NIH Office of AIDS Research and the National Institute of Mental Health, Division of AIDS Research developed and Implemented a deliberative process to actively engage researchers, community members, and government officials In a rigorous review of the concepts, theories, measurements, and Interventions that address HIV-related Intersectional stigma and discrimination. The co-occurring amplification of the COVID-19 pandemic and persistent racial Injustices further exposed the Intersecting effects that racism, economic disenfranchisement, gender Inequity, heterosexism, and other forms of systemic discrimination have on people belonging to multiple socially oppressed groups and the reality that people experiencing multiple forms of oppression suffer the greatest harms to their health. Genuine community-based participatory approaches respect the Innate knowledge ofthe community with its inherent strengths and assets while engaging community members as partners to Inform the entire research process-from framing the research questions to designing, conducting, analyzing, and Interpreting findings- which benefits from research and community perspectives.

14.
Human Organization ; 81(3):213-216, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2045278

ABSTRACT

Though it took time to adjust to the new realities of interacting with partners virtually, many of the authors describe how their deep-rooted concerns for the well-being of their community partners translated into prioritizing the safety, confidentiality, and mental health of participants in virtual spaces. [...]several of the papers offer advice as to factors that must be taken into account when conducting virtual community-based research methods. [...]several research teams emphasized the need for researchers to consider underlying inequities that exist in terms of which potential participants have access to the technology and internet bandwidth necessary to participate in virtual projects, how that can bias whose voices are being included in virtual processes, and what steps researchers can take to facilitate more representative and complete participation. Designed to bring together undergraduate engineering students and community members from a rural community in eastern North Carolina to develop community-driven engineering designs that could address ongoing flooding and water quality issues, COVID-19 restrictions necessitated completing all public meetings, focus groups, and interviews virtually.

15.
Annual Review of Economics ; 14:253, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2038361

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has upended health and living standards around the world. This article provides an interim overview of these effects, with a particular focus on low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Economists have explained how the pandemic is likely to have different consequences for LMICs and demands distinct policy responses compared to those of rich countries. We survey the rapidly expanding body of empirical research that documents the pandemic's many adverse economic and noneconomic effects in terms of living standards, education, health, and gender equality, which appear to be unprecedented in scope and scale. We also review research on successful and failed policy responses, including the failure to ensure widespread vaccine coverage in many LMICs, which is needed to end the pandemic. We close with a discussion of implications for public policy in LMICs and for the institutions of international governance, given the likelihood of future pandemics and other major shocks (e.g., climate).

16.
College Student Affairs Journal ; 40:74-86, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2027150

ABSTRACT

In this article, we discuss the role of scholarly practice in activism and advocacy for student affairs professionals. We provide an overview and history of scholarly practice in student affairs, highlight the challenges and barriers to scholarly practice, and provide a needed connection between scholarly practice and activism in student affairs. We then provide four practical suggestions for how student affairs professionals can use scholarly practice as a form of activism: (a) research local, (b) grasp the big picture, (c) tell students' stories, and (d) put it in writing.

17.
Journal of Applied Business Research ; 37(6):217-224, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2027071

ABSTRACT

During the COVID-19 Pandemic, there were changes in work patterns such as work from home. The impact of the change in work from home patterns needs to be of concern to the organization. Working conditions that are not conducive to overcoming these changes in work patterns can lead to deviance in employee behavior due to mental health. This study investigates the effect of working conditions on the quality of life of employees. The research method used a survey approach with non-parametric analysis techniques. It is testing using a sample of 201 employees of respondents with a simple random sampling technique in local governments that handle transportation problems in West Bandung regency. The results indicated a significant influence of the work environment on the quality of life of employees. This result indicates that the presence of a work environment that is less conducive has a significant impact on the quality of life of employees, as indicated by the presence of anxiety and depression. The research implication shows that it is necessary to minimize existing work-related mental health by managing an efficient work environment.

18.
The Qualitative Report ; 27(9):1827-1829, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2026765

ABSTRACT

Technology has become an increasingly valuable tool to the field of research. However, researchers must be provided with training to conduct ethically sound qualitative research in online settings. Jennifer Dale and Susan Abbott provide such preparation in their book, Qual-Online the Essential Guide: What Every Researcher Needs to Know about Conducting and Moderating Interviews via the Web. This guidebook explains the purpose, process, and resources associated with conducting and moderating online interviews, and provides novice to experienced qualitative researchers with practical examples and tips for implementation.

19.
Natsional'nyi Hirnychyi Universytet. Naukovyi Visnyk ; - (4):170-175, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2026600

ABSTRACT

Мета. Визначити Ñ€/вень каузальности шновацшних процес/в розширення пг-економшного простору й социально!, економ/чно! та еколог/чно! захищеносл видобувно! галузi Украши в умовах зм/ни системи технолопчних уклад/в, спричинено! появою ново!' безпеково! структурно-функцiональноî Post-Covid компоненти. Запропонувати типовi сценарп сталого розвитку вттчизняно! г/гекономiки економiки в контекстi вдосконалення безпеково'! поллики у видобувнш галузi. Методика. Для досягнення зазначено! мети використане сценарне планування, Дельфi, SMART, SWOT-аналiз i математичн/ методи - економетричний i град/ентний аналiз досл/дження, що уможливлюють визначення скалярних величин i напрям/в екстремальних iнновацiйних змiн функций гiг-економiки в контекстi сталого розвитку видобувно! промисловостi Укра!ни. Розрахунки проводилися на основi програмного пакету SPSS Data Analysis Software. Результата. У робот/ системно проанал/зоваш ключовi безпековi показники науково-технiчного прогресу в контекстi сталого розвитку видобувно! галузi та встановлено взаемно однозначний зв>язок iснуючих соц/альноеконом/чних економ/чних явищ та гiг-економiчних процесiв, що в останш роки асиметрично актив/зувалися п!д впливом Post-Covid наслiдкiв. Окреслена безпекова специфiка тактичного й стратегшного управлiння гiг-економiкою. Наукова новизна. Запропоновано методичний шдхщ щодо юльюсного та як/сного визначення безпекових градiентiв розвитку видобувного господарства, що уможливлюе врахування трансформацшних Post-Covid насладив, а також диверсифiкуе тактичне та стратепчне управлiння. Зокрема, пропонуеться використати шновацшну цифрову платформу CENSIE - «Central European Network for Sustainable and Innovative Economy». Практична значимадть. Використання запропонованого подходу сприятиме падвищенню ефективносл стратег/чного й тактичного управл/ння кадровою политикою у видобувнш галуз/ в умовах формування пг-економ/ки, а також синхрон/зуе часов/ та просторов/ параметри, падвищуючи адресшсть управл/нських Ñ€/шень. Запропоновано впровадження специально!' дистанцшно! платформи «ВидобуванняФраданс» для надання фраданс-послуг домогосподарствам, Ñ„/зичним особам-падприемцям i шшим виробникам, яй будуть захищеш технологию Blockchain на баз/ юнуючо! прогами «ProZorro». При цьому Blockchain-технологи дозволять п/двищити роль профспшок, Ð¹ зможуть об'еднати пг-пращвнийв у едину систему та контролювати умови пращ, взявши на себе певн/ соцшльш зобов'язання.Alternate :Purpose. To evaluate causality of expanding the gig-economic space and the socioeconomic and ecological security of Ukraines mining industry in the context of the changing technological structures caused by the emergence of a new security structural and functional post Covid-19 component. To propose typical scenarios for sustainable development of the gig-economy in the context of improving security policy of Ukraines mining industry. Methodology. To achieve this goal, a scenario planning, Delphi, SMART, SWOT analysis and mathematical research methods - econometric and gradient analysis, were used to determine the scalar values and directions of extreme innovative changes in the gig economy in the context of sustainable development of mining industry in Ukraine. The calculations were carried out using the SPSS Data Analysis Software. Findings. The work systematically analyzes key safety indicators of scientific-technological progress for sustainable development of the mining industry and establishes a one-to-one relationship between existing socio-economic phenomena and gigeconomic processes, which in recent years have been asymmetrically activated under the influence of the post Covid-2019. The security specifics of tactical and strategic management of the gig-economy are outlined. Originality. A methodological approach to the quantitative and qualitative determination of the safety gradients of the development of the mining industry enables the consideration of transformational Post-Covid consequences, as well as diversifies tactical and strategic management. In particular, it isproposed to use an innovative digital platform CENSIE - Central European Network for Sustainable and Innovative Economy. Practical value. A proposed approach would facilitate to improve the efficiency of strategic and tactical management of personnel policy of the mining industry in the context of the formation of a gig-economy, as well as synchronize time and space parameters, increasing the targeting of management decisions. It was proposed to introduce a special remote platform MiningFreelance to provide freelance services to households, family farms and other manufacturers which will be protected by the Blockchain registry based on existing ProZorro programs. At the same time, Blockchain technologies will increase the role of trade unions, which will be able to unite gig workers into a single system and control working conditions, taking on certain social obligations.

20.
Sustainability ; 14(17):10856, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2024205

ABSTRACT

Ongoing urbanization has led to the continuous expansion of built-up areas;as a result, open space is under great threat. Despite the wealth of studies conducted on open spaces, there is still a further need to further investigate the morphology of open space, particularly in an effort to understand the trends and drivers of open space morphological transformation that remain under-researched. Besides, although the previous literature has highlighted several factors influencing urban space morphology, it remains unclear how those key drivers interact. In this article, the PRISMA methodology was used to conduct a systematic literature review, screening and selecting articles from three primary databases (Web of Science, Elsevier, and Scopus). In total, 47 journal articles covering the years 2000 to 2022 were selected for the final review to identify key factors that influence open space morphology, including natural geographical factors, socioeconomic factors, and government policy factors. The results indicate that, as cities developed, the size of green spaces decreased, their structure fragmented, and their distribution became progressively less connected. Meanwhile, socioeconomic determinants played a greater role in influencing changes in green spaces than natural geographical factors and policy management factors. In addition, carrying out the present study confirmed that Landsat remote-sensing data with landscape metrics is a powerful research method for studying green space change. A research framework is offered in this paper to illustrate an understanding of which factors influence the dynamics of green spaces, identify the interaction mechanisms, and provide an optimization strategy of urban open space for urban planners or policymakers.

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