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The International Journal of Critical Cultural Studies ; 20(2):43-57, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2056692


We are living in times of crisis, at cultural, political, and moral levels. This state of crisis remains among our societies for at least three decades. In this article, we approach the concept of crisis from a review of some works of the Polish sociologist and philosopher, Zygmunt Bauman. As he insisted frequently, also before coining the metaphor of the “liquid modernity,” the changes in the state of things lead to an increasing sense of insecurity. His thesis is that such instability is not necessarily bad. It can be also an opportunity to build a better society. In order to accomplish this goal, it is necessary, first, to identify the root of the crisis, which Bauman finds in the lack of critical sense or ability to question oneself. Second, overcoming the crisis requires reflection upon the issues at stake. According to Bauman, the main issue is the lack of justice in the form of inequity, which needs to be balanced with individual and institutional forms of solidarity. These define the moral priorities to rethink the world we are living in. These principles locate the core of crisis in the moral issue of decision-making and of values, which is the essence of Bauman’s project.

The International Journal of Sustainability in Economic, Social and Cultural Context ; 18(1):85-100, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2056691


The issue of human nature has not been limited in discussing disaster management during these days. This research aims to examine how human nature has been applied to the field to mitigate the various impacts of disasters. Qualitative content analysis, including inference and thematic layers, is used as the main method in comparing the arbitrariness-based with the duality-based aspect of human nature in terms of international organizations, developed nations, and developing nations. The key finding is that these stakeholders need to shift from the arbitrariness-based to the duality-based aspect. Such transition may lead to embracing effective disaster management, multiple emergency plans, self- and public awareness, psychological support, behavior change, diversity, and education. As a multidisciplinary study, this research comprehensively analyzes the contents of human nature within disaster management.

The International Journal of the Inclusive Museum ; 15(1):85-98, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2056689


In heritage sites and museums, souvenir shops are of considerable commercial importance;furthermore, they add to the overall experience of visitors. This contribution explores the narrative quality of some souvenirs that seek to reflect a country’s history and heritage. Three examples will serve as case studies: (1) souvenirs depicting the Berlin Wall (Germany)—moving from a historical event toward wider-reaching generic ideas, such as freedom;(2) souvenirs commemorating the First World War and their role in the context of the War’s centenary (England);and (3) souvenirs that reflect aspects of dark tourism (various locations). In each case, the narrative attached to the items for sale potentially removes them from the experience of the exhibition. As such, souvenirs in the shop offer an experience in their own right, but they do not necessarily echo the culture, heritage, or history of a region or a country.