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1.
Health Education ; 121(3):265-274, 2021.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1958390

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This paper aimed to examine the psycho-social aspects of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Pakistan. The study was conducted in Pakistan by using an online survey technique. The rationale to opt for this method was mainly based on the country's lock-down situations, social distancing and for the care of respondents. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 1,536 individuals participated from different parts of the country. An attitudinal scale was administered consisting of statements to measure (dis)agreement of the individuals facing the current situations of COVID-19. The ethical considerations and confidentiality of the respondents were opted by describing the purpose of research on the first page of the questionnaire. Findings: The study findings showed that the cost of personal protective equipment (PPE), social isolation and loss of intimacy have favourable positive effects on the psychological problems of individuals through the mediation of fake news and misinformation during COVID-19. Furthermore, the study findings were interpreted as per the effects of current situations of epidemic, i.e. COVID-19 on the psycho-social life of individuals. Research limitations/implications: This paper is purely limited to the quantitative approach including variables, i.e. COVID-19, risk of infection, social distancing, cost of PPE, social isolation, fake news and psychological problems. Practical implications: The present research will enhance the awareness and knowledge regarding psychological problems faced by the individuals during COVID-19. It will be a significant addition to the existing body of knowledge in the field of health and well-being. It will also provide guidelines to students, research scholars, policymakers and academicians to develop policies in future to improve the health of people during epidemics such as COVID-19 and similar nature of outbreak in the future. Originality/value: This paper focused on an important gap in the research on COVID-19 in the country in the context of COVID-19, risk of infection, social distancing, cost of PPE, social isolation, fake news and psychological problems. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

2.
The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry / La Revue canadienne de psychiatrie ; 66(1):17-24, 2021.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1801691

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To examine the relationship between perceived adequacy of personal protective equipment (PPE) and workplace-based infection control procedures (ICP) and mental health symptoms among a sample of health-care workers in Canada within the context of the current COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A convenience-based internet survey of health-care workers in Canada was facilitated through various labor organizations between April 7 and May 13, 2020. A total of 7,298 respondents started the survey, of which 5,988 reported information on the main exposures and outcomes. Anxiety symptoms were assessed using the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-2) screener, and depression symptoms using the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-2) screener. We assessed the perceived need and adequacy of 8 types of PPE and 10 different ICP. Regression analyses examined the proportion of GAD-2 and PHQ-2 scores of 3 and higher across levels of PPE and ICP, adjusted for a range of demographic, occupation, workplace, and COVID-19-specific measures. Results: A total of 54.8% (95% confidence interval [CI], 53.5% to 56.1%) of the sample had GAD-2 scores of 3 and higher, and 42.3% (95% CI, 41.0% to 43.6%) of the sample had PHQ-2 scores of 3 and higher. Absolute differences of 18% (95% CI, 12% to 23%) and 17% (95% CI, 12% to 22%) were observed in the prevalence of GAD-2 scores of 3 and higher between workers whose perceived PPE needs and ICP needs were met compared to those who needs were not met. Differences of between 11% (95% CI, 6% to 17%) and 19% (95% CI, 14% to 24%) were observed in PHQ-2 scores of 3 and higher across these same PPE and ICP categories. Conclusions: Our results suggest strengthening employer-based infection control strategies likely has important implications for the mental health symptoms among health-care workers in Canada. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved) (French) Objectifs: Examiner la relation entre le caractere adequat percu de l'equipement de protection personnel (EPP) et les procedures de controle des infections (PCI) en milieu de travail et les symptomes de sante mentale au sein d'un echantillon de travailleurs de la sante du Canada, dans le contexte de la pandemie COVID-19 en cours. Methodes: Un sondage de commodite sur Internet des travailleurs de la sante du Canada auquel ont collabore diverses organisations professionnelles entre le 7 avril et le 13 mai 2020. En tout, 7 298 repondants ont commence le sondage, et 5 988 d'entre eux ont donne de l'information sur les expositions principales et les resultats. Les symptomes anxieux etaient evalues a l'aide du depisteur du trouble d'anxiete generalisee (GAD-2), et les symptomes de depression, a l'aide du questionnaire sur la sante du patient (PHQ-2). Nous avons evalue le besoin et le caractere adequat percus de 8 types d'EPP, et de 10 PCI differentes. Des analyses de regression ont examine la proportion des scores au GAD-2 et au PHQ-2 de 3 et plus eleves pour les niveaux d'EPP et de PCI, ajustes pour une serie de donnees demographiques, d'occupations, de milieux de travail, et de mesures specifiques pour la COVID-19. Resultats: Un total de 54,8% (intervalle de confiance a 95% 53,5% a 56,1%) de l'echantillon avait des scores au GAD-2 de trois et plus, et 42,3% (IC a 95% 41,0% a 43,6%) de l'echantillon avait des scores au PHQ-2 de trois et plus. Des differences absolues de 18% (IC a 95% 12% a 23%) et de 17% (IC a 95% 12% a 22%) ont ete observees dans la prevalence des scores au GAD-2 de trois et plus entre les travailleurs qui percevaient que leurs besoins d'EPP et de PCI etaient combles, compare a ceux dont les besoins n'etaient pas combles. Des differences entre 11% (IC a 95% 6% a 17%) et 19% (IC a 95% 14% a 24%) ont ete observees dans les scores au PHQ-2 de trois et plus dans les memes categories d'EPP et de PCI. Conclusions: Nos resultats suggerent qu'un resserrement des strategies de controle des infections par l'employeur a probablement des implications importantes pour les symptomes de sante mentale chez les travailleurs de la sante du Canada. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

3.
3rd International Conference on Electrical and Electronic Engineering, ICEEE 2021 ; : 17-20, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1788706

ABSTRACT

The world is passing a terrible time while lives are despairing due to coronavirus. In Covid-19, most of the patients suffer from low oxygen saturation. Different types of devices are used to increase the oxygen level. This paper discusses a helmet-based Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) device's design and implementation. A blower generates positive pressure, while a pressure sensor adjusts the required pressure. A TFT display is used to monitor the data, and two rotary encoders are used to set the required value. Two Arduino boards are used as real-time and user interface controllers. The hardware simulations and PCB designs are done in the Proteus software. The mechanical body of the CPAP device was designed in Solidworks software. A helmet is connected to the CPAP, also designed in the Solidworks software. The oxygen mixed pressurized air goes through the pipe to the helmet. Finally, the cost of the device is also presented in this paper. © 2021 IEEE.

4.
3rd International Conference on Video, Signal and Image Processing, VSIP 2021 ; : 8-15, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1784894

ABSTRACT

At present, COVID-19 cross-infection is easy to occur in dense places such as elevators. There are no epidemic prevention measures for construction site elevators on the market, and most of them require manual temperature measurement and reminders to wear masks and helmets to avoid the spread of the epidemic. This paper designs an intelligent epidemic prevention system for the elevator ride process in a modern construction site environment, which can achieve non-contact human temperature measurement, mask and helmet recognition and voice call elevator function. The system uses Arduino UNO as the control core, Kendryte K210 as machine vision processing module, non-contact infrared temperature sensor MLX90614, and voice recognition sensor LD3320. The system has the functions of non-contact temperature detection, mask/helmet recognition(YOLOv3) and voice call elevator. Experimental results showed that the recognition accuracy rate of helmet, mask, voice call elevator is 91.5%, 92.0% and 93.0% respectively. The temperature measurement accuracy rate is 0.2ĝ., which can effectively prevent the spread of the epidemic caused by contact and breathing, and has the advantages of stable, intelligent, and safe work. © 2021 ACM.

5.
Work: Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation ; 67(4):771-777, 2020.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1766568

ABSTRACT

Background: The high spread rate of coronaviruses, specifically severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has raised concerns about the spread of the disease in crowded occupational environments. The risk of occupational exposure to coronavirus depends on the type of industry and the nature of work. Currently, most countries are working for reactivating their economies and need to improve working conditions for a safe situation during the COVID-19 pandemic. Objective: The present work aimed to investigate the current engineering and administrative control measures, which are necessary to protect workers against COVID-19 in workplaces. Methods: The current strategies, including engineering control, administrative control, personal protective equipment, and their efficiencies, were reviewed and discussed. Results: Reviewing the literature indicated that a collection of control approaches should be implemented for an effective control of the virus. Control measures could be selected based on the risk of exposure to COVID-19. The results also revealed that relying solely on a specific control measure could not effectively control the outbreak. Conclusion: In conclusion, employers and health professionals must continually monitor international and local guidelines to identify changes in recommendations to make their workplaces safer. Establishment of an expert team in any workplace for the implementation of more effective control measures is warranted, as well. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

6.
Journal of Medical Devices, Transactions of the ASME ; 16(1), 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1708439

ABSTRACT

Helmet continuous positive applied pressure is a form of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) that has been used to provide respiratory support to COVID-19 patients. Helmet NIV is low-cost, readily available, provides viral filters between the patient and clinician, and may reduce the need for invasive ventilation. Its widespread adoption has been limited, however, by the lack of a respiratory monitoring system needed to address known safety vulnerabilities and to monitor patients. To address these safety and clinical needs, we developed an inexpensive respiratory monitoring system based on readily available components suitable for local manufacture. Open-source design and manufacturing documents are provided. The monitoring system comprises flow, pressure, and CO2 sensors on the expiratory path of the helmet circuit and a central remote station to monitor up to 20 patients. The system is validated in bench tests, in human-subject tests on healthy volunteers, and in experiments that compare respiratory features obtained at the expiratory path to simultaneous ground-truth measurements from proximal sensors. Measurements of flow and pressure at the expiratory path are shown to deviate at high flow rates, and the tidal volumes reported via the expiratory path are systematically underestimated. Helmet monitoring systems exhibit high-flow rate, nonlinear effects from flow and helmet dynamics. These deviations are found to be within a reasonable margin and should, in principle, allow for calibration, correction, and deployment of clinically accurate derived quantities. Copyright © 2022 by ASME.

7.
SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology ; : 89-99, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1626479

ABSTRACT

A wealth of public data repositories is available to drive genomics and clinical research. However, there is no agreement among the various data formats and models;in the common practice, data sources are accessed one by one, learning their specific descriptions with tedious efforts. In this context, the integration of genomic data and of their describing metadata becomes—at the same time—an important, difficult, and well-recognized challenge. In this chapter, after overviewing the most important human genomic data players, we propose a conceptual model of metadata and an extended architecture for integrating datasets, retrieved from a variety of data sources, based upon a structured transformation process;we then describe a user-friendly search system providing access to the resulting consolidated repository, enriched by a multi-ontology knowledge base. Inspired by our work on genomic data integration, during the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak we successfully re-applied the previously proposed model-build-search paradigm, building on the analogies among the human and viral genomics domains. The availability of conceptual models, related databases, and search systems for both humans and viruses will provide important opportunities for research, especially if virus data will be connected to its host, provider of genomic and phenotype information. © 2022, The Author(s).

8.
Cytopathology ; 31(6): 509-513, 2020 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-639476

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The dramatic spread of COVID-19 has raised many questions about cytological procedures performed in and out of the laboratories all over the world. METHODS: We report a heterogeneous series of fine needle aspirations performed during the period of phase 1 of the lockdown for the COVID-19 pandemic to describe our experience and measures taken during this period. RESULTS: A total of 48 fine needle aspirations (ultrasound, computed tomography and endoscopic ultrasound guided) were processed and reported. CONCLUSIONS: Pre-existing procedures have been modified to allow healthcare professionals to work safely ensuring patients the necessary assistance with samples suitable for cellularity, fixation and staining for an accurate cytological diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus/pathogenicity , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Lung/pathology , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , COVID-19 , Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration/methods , Endosonography/methods , Humans , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
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