Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 5 de 5
Filter
1.
Data Science for COVID-19: Volume 2: Societal and Medical Perspectives ; : 729-748, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1872876

ABSTRACT

The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-2019) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (called SARS-CoV-2) emerged in China in December 2019 and then spread rapidly to more than 200 countries around the world, including the United States, Spain, Italy, the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Japan, and South Korea, resulting in more than 208, 112 deaths worldwide. As there is no approved vaccine or therapeutic available to control the COVID-2019 pandemic, scientists across the world are trying every possible way to find antivirals specific to this virus. In this urgent situation, parallel to the development of new vaccines and drugs, many previously approved antiviral drugs of broad range such as arbidol, interferon alfa, chloroquine, remdesivir, and favipiravir are presently undergoing clinical trials against COVID-19. So far some positive findings have been obtained, and here we present a thorough overview of all possible antiviral medicines that can control this pandemic of SARS-CoV-2. © 2022 Elsevier Inc.

2.
J Clin Virol Plus ; 2(1): 100062, 2022 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1616571

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Little is known whether differences exist in virus shedding, immune and inflammatory response related to SARS-CoV-2 in people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLWH). We assessed viral RNA and cytokine profiles of HIV and SARS-CoV-2 coinfection in Hong Kong. Methods: PLWH hospitalized with SARS-CoV-2 infection in Hong Kong were included, compared with age-matched and disease severity-matched SARS-CoV-2 infected controls (ratio of 1:5) from February 1st 2020 to July 31st 2020. SARS-CoV-2 infection was confirmed by public health laboratory and virus concentration was quantified by an in-house real-time reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction. A panel of cytokines and chemokines were performed. Results: HIV patients had a similar respiratory shedding profile compared to controls. Duration of faecal shedding of patient A, B, C and D were at least 9, 10, 33, and 11 days, respectively. HIV patients had lower plasma levels of IL-10 and NT-pro-BNP. All 4 PLWH cases showed seroconversion to SARS-CoV-2 with anti-SARS-CoV-2 S antibodies detected in serum collected between day 18 and 30 after symptom onset. Conclusions: PLWH behaves similarly with HIV-negative controls in respiratory viral load, but with decrease in IL-10 and NT-proBNP. PLWH may have a lower risk of immunostimulatory effect due to lower IL-10.

3.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 1012, 2021 Sep 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1440914

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The receptor of severe respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), angiotensin-converting enzyme 2, is more abundant in kidney than in lung tissue, suggesting that kidney might be another important target organ for SARS-CoV-2. However, our understanding of kidney injury caused by Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is limited. This study aimed to explore the association between kidney injury and disease progression in patients with COVID-19. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was designed by including 2630 patients with confirmed COVID-19 from Huoshenshan Hospital (Wuhan, China) from 1 February to 13 April 2020. Kidney function indexes and other clinical information were extracted from the electronic medical record system. Associations between kidney function indexes and disease progression were analyzed using Cox proportional-hazards regression and generalized linear mixed model. RESULTS: We found that estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and creatinine clearance (Ccr) decreased in 22.0% and 24.0% of patients with COVID-19, respectively. Proteinuria was detected in 15.0% patients and hematuria was detected in 8.1% of patients. Hematuria (HR 2.38, 95% CI 1.50-3.78), proteinuria (HR 2.16, 95% CI 1.33-3.51), elevated baseline serum creatinine (HR 2.84, 95% CI 1.92-4.21) and blood urea nitrogen (HR 3.54, 95% CI 2.36-5.31), and decrease baseline eGFR (HR 1.58, 95% CI 1.07-2.34) were found to be independent risk factors for disease progression after adjusted confounders. Generalized linear mixed model analysis showed that the dynamic trajectories of uric acid was significantly related to disease progression. CONCLUSION: There was a high proportion of early kidney function injury in COVID-19 patients on admission. Early kidney injury could help clinicians to identify patients with poor prognosis at an early stage.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , COVID-19 , Cohort Studies , Disease Progression , Humans , Kidney , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2
4.
Fetal Pediatr Pathol ; 39(3): 263-268, 2020 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-245661

ABSTRACT

Background: Cardiac damage is frequently referred to in patients with SARS-CoV-2, is usually diagnosed by enzyme elevations, and is generally thought to be due to underlying coronary artery disease. There are references to cardiomyopathies accompanying coronavirus, but there has been no histologic confirmation.Case report: A previously healthy 17 year male old presented in full cardiac arrest to the emergency department after a 2 day history of headache, dizziness, nausea and vomiting. Autopsy demonstrated an enlarged flabby heart with eosinophilic myocarditis. There was no interstitial pneumonia or diffuse alveolar damage. Postmortem nasopharyngeal swabs detected severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) known to cause coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). No other cause for the eosinophilic myocarditis was elucidated.Conclusion: Like other viruses, SARS-CoV-2 may be associated with fulminant myocarditis.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/mortality , Eosinophilia/mortality , Myocarditis/mortality , Myocarditis/virology , Pneumonia, Viral/mortality , Adolescent , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Eosinophilia/complications , Fatal Outcome , Heart Arrest/complications , Heart Arrest/virology , Humans , Male , Myocarditis/complications , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 26(6): 1320-1323, 2020 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-3346

ABSTRACT

Since early January 2020, after the outbreak of coronavirus infection in Wuhan, China, ≈365 confirmed cases have been reported in Shenzhen, China. The mode of community and intrafamily transmission is threatening residents in Shenzhen. Strategies to strengthen prevention and interruption of these transmissions should be urgently addressed.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Child , Child, Preschool , China/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Infant , Infectious Disease Incubation Period , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Young Adult
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL