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Food Studies ; 13(2):15-37, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2204669


This study aimed to investigate (a) qualities Yelp reviewers (Yelpers) use to signify good taste in food, and (b) contemporary conversations about Hawaiian cuisine and Hawaii's local foods. A corpus of 1,200 online reviews of the forty-eight most popular restaurants in Hawaii was collected from the social media site Yelp to see how foods were discussed in the context of dining out in a uniquely multicultural location. The method used for analysis of the data was qualitative content analysis. The coding scheme was created by deductive category application and inductive category development. Findings revealed five main categories of food authenticity: authentic, synonym or word associated with authentic, local, four qualities (simplicity, geographic specificity, personal connection, and historicism), and other. There are two main categories of food exoticism: exotic and food containing unusualness, foreignness, or excitement. The findings build upon and expand existing literature. Categories of food authenticity and food exoticism were developed within the modern scene of dining out (before the COVID-19 pandemic). I proposed creativity as the third frame for valorizing food. Besides valorizing food, these three qualities—authenticity, exoticism, and creativity—can be used to express deliciousness. Linking authenticity with deliciousness helps explain why being "local,” a dimension of authenticity, is meaningful to consumers. This might lead to food sustainability and healthy eating. Moreover, a multicultural perspective was recommended as an alternative to avoid troubles associated with imperialism. This study contributes to many fields, for example, sociology, food studies, and food communication.

Argumenta ; 7(1):39-55, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1876212


I present and analyze the case of COVID-19 modeling at the Public Health Agency of Sweden (FoHM) between February 2020 and May 2021. The analysis casts the case as a decision problem: modelers choose from a strategically prepared menu that model which they have reasons to believe will best serve their current purpose. Specifically, I argue that the model choice at FoHM concerned a trade-off between model-target similarity and model simplicity. Five reasons for choosing to engage in such a trade-off are discussed: lack of information, avoiding overfitting, avoiding fuzzy modularity, maintaining good communication, and facilitating error avoidance and detection. I conclude that the case illustrates that model simplicity is an epistemically important principle. © 2021 University of Sassari

Psychological Medicine ; 52(7):1386-1392, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1872001


BackgroundNo studies have reported on how to relieve distress or relax in medical health workers while wearing medical protective equipment in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The study aimed to establish which relaxation technique, among six, is the most feasible in first-line medical health workers wearing medical protective equipment.MethodsThis was a two-step study collecting data with online surveys. Step 1: 15 first-line medical health workers were trained to use six different relaxation techniques and reported the two most feasible techniques while wearing medical protective equipment. Step 2: the most two feasible relaxation techniques revealed by step 1 were quantitatively tested in a sample of 65 medical health workers in terms of efficacy, no space limitation, no time limitation, no body position requirement, no environment limitation to be done, easiness to learn, simplicity, convenience, practicality, and acceptance.ResultsKegel exercise and autogenic relaxation were the most feasible techniques according to step 1. In step 2, Kegel exercise outperformed autogenic relaxation on all the 10 dimensions among the 65 participants while wearing medical protective equipment (efficacy: 24 v. 15, no space limitation: 30 v. 4, no time limitation: 31 v. 4, no body position requirement: 26 v. 4, no environment limitation: 30 v. 11, easiness to learn: 28 v. 5, simplicity: 29 v. 7, convenience: 29 v. 4, practicality: 30 v. 14, acceptance: 32 v. 6).ConclusionKegel exercise seems a promising self-relaxation technique for first-line medical health workers while wearing medical protective equipment among COVID-19 pandemic.

Trends Cogn Sci ; 24(12): 981-993, 2020 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-894243


Recent work in cognitive science has uncovered a diversity of explanatory values, or dimensions along which we judge explanations as better or worse. We propose a Bayesian account of these values that clarifies their function and shows how they fit together to guide explanation-making. The resulting taxonomy shows that core values from psychology, statistics, and the philosophy of science emerge from a common mathematical framework and provide insight into why people adopt the explanations they do. This framework not only operationalizes the explanatory virtues associated with, for example, scientific argument-making, but also enables us to reinterpret the explanatory vices that drive phenomena such as conspiracy theories, delusions, and extremist ideologies.

Cognitive Science , Judgment , Problem Solving , Bayes Theorem , Humans , Probability