Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 951
Filter
1.
Indian Journal of Extension Education ; 58(4):10-14, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2101086

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 is the greatest humatarian challenge the world has faced and effected agriculture and allied sectors. The study was carried out to know the Impact of COVID-19 lockdown on farmers and allied sectors in terms of Social, Economic, Psychological, Situational parameters. The Google form Questionnaire was used to collect the information from randomly selected 120 farmers of Nalgonda district. It was observed that non-celebration of important events (98.33%), high labour wages coupled with low market price of horticulture produce drastically affected the farmers returns (85%) and majority of farmers had fear of increasing debts due to low market price of produce (80%) and nonavailability of agriculture labour for performing field operations (70%) etc. were the major Social, Economic, Psychological and Situational effects on farmers respectively. In case of impact on agriculture and allied sectors, despite the problem few of the farmers adopted alternative mechanism of door-to-door supply of fruits and vegetables, few of the villagers aggregated their vegetable produce and marketed to nearby local towns and cities. Majority of the farmers found that technology-driven advisories issued by KVK, Kampasagar, Nalgonda District has helped the farmers to tackle their problems timely.

2.
RETOS Neuvas Tendencias en Educacion Fisica, Deporte y Recreacion ; 46:511-519, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2101061

ABSTRACT

Faced with the COVID-19 pandemic, teaching work began to be carried out through remote teaching, interfering with the life habits of these professionals. This research was carried out with the objective of identifying the factors associated with the level of physical activity and sedentary behavior of teachers in times of the COVID-19 pandemic. This is a cross-sectional observational research, with elementary school teachers from Campo Grande/MS, Brazil. Data collection took place between 2020 and 2021, through an online form, with questions about sociodemographic characteristics and lifestyle habits (physical activity, sitting time and screen time) and the analyzes were conducted using the Chi-Square test and logistic regression. . The results showed a high prevalence of teachers who were insufficiently active (41.5%) and with excessive sedentary behavior, especially regarding screen time during remote work (90.5%) and free time (41.5%). Being married or having a stable union impacted the level of physical activity (OR=0.241);the lower age group and the effective contract induced a lower chance of meeting the acceptable values for sitting time and screen time (OR=0.249;OR=0.183);gender (women) and type of contract (effective) resulted in a higher risk of developing remote work on weekends (OR=2.229;OR=2.700). The COVID-19 pandemic influenced the life habits of the teaching population, taking up more free time of these individuals to perform work tasks. Thus, there is a need for public policies that encourage an active and healthy lifestyle among teachers.

3.
RETOS Neuvas Tendencias en Educacion Fisica, Deporte y Recreacion ; 46:330-339, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2101059

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in the postponement of the 2020 Olympic Games (OG) in Tokyo, producing numerous effects on participating athletes, especially those from developing countries. The objective of this study was to investigate and understand the impact of the postponement of the Tokyo 2020 OG, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, on the Brazilian Olympic athletes. The epistemology followed social constructionism. The methodology included semi-directed interviews with 11 Brazilian athletes who had qualified for the OG in seven different sports. Following the application of discourse analysis, three thematic categories were identified: (a) inequalities and their social impact, (b) the importance of supportive relationships, and (c) athletes' work challenges. Our findings initially indicate differences regarding social conditions faced by athletes from countries of the global north compared to those from the south, as is the case of Brazil. Secondly, we could verify the importance of multidisciplinary teams, training colleagues and family members for the preparation and development of the athlete. Thirdly, it was possible to identify an intensification of athletes' training routines under inappropriate work environment. In conclusion, the study proposes a dialogue with the community involved in world Olympic sports, to problematize inequities that affect athletes from developing countries.

4.
RETOS Neuvas Tendencias en Educacion Fisica, Deporte y Recreacion ; 46:209-217, 2022.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2101054

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused changes in social interaction at various periods and countries, as well as in activities carried out in leisure time. In the case of video games, changes are reported regarding their use, with little information about its differences with times before the pandemic. This study compared the motivations for use and its relationship with prosocial behaviors from two cross-sectional studies, one conducted before the COVID-19 pandemic and the other surveyed during the lockdown in Mexico. And tests a hypothesis about prosocial behavior as a reason for gaming. A total of 98 adults participated through an online survey, Mexican men, and women with ages ranged from 18-43 years, grouped into two samples of 49 people each. The brief battery of prosocial personality was used, as well as the online game motivations and the uses and gratifications of video games questionnaires. The analyzes comparing the groups showed differences in the game motivations, mainly, a decrease in the competitive use, an increase in its use to socialize, and in the search for immersion in virtual worlds. The hypothesis was not confirmed, but it indicates a positive and significant relationship between prosocial behavior and gaming motivations. It is concluded that in the participation of multiplayer video games during the confinement in Mexico due to COVID-19, there were differences in the motivations for use, with prosocial behavior being an associated factor.

5.
RETOS Neuvas Tendencias en Educacion Fisica, Deporte y Recreacion ; 46:18-23, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2101053

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The study aims to characterize the practice and migration of physical activity in active people during the COVID-19 pandemic. Design: Cross-sectional observational study of a Latin American survey. Setting: An online survey in Google Forms format was applied between June and July 2020 through social networks. The survey consisted of general characteristics, characteristics of confinement, and characteristics related to physical activity. Subjects: 2134 people participated (33.6% male, the mean age was 30.7 +or- 9.2 years), 95.2% with higher education, 74% were normal weight, 60.8% in voluntary lockdown, and 39.2% mandatory lockdown.

6.
RETOS Neuvas Tendencias en Educacion Fisica, Deporte y Recreacion ; 46:767-773, 2022.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2101052

ABSTRACT

One of the main consequences of the current COVID-19 pandemic is the impact on anxiety and stress levels. Among the factors that must be taken into account to evaluate the psychosocial impact of COVID-19 on athletes are sociodemographic factors, so the objective of this study was to analyze if the perception of stress depends on gender and performance level in Mexican athletes during the COVID-19 pandemic. The sample of this study was made up of 596 Mexican athletes, of both sexes (women = 40.4%) and aged between 13 and 40 years (M = 22.3, SD = 6.87). The athletes answered the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) and a questionnaire covering socio-demographic data. The results obtained through the comparison of groups, indicated that women presented higher levels of perceived stress than men. On the other hand, amateur athletes reported higher levels of perceived stress than professional athletes. The results of the difference analysis shows that the perception of stress depends on sex and performance level were predictors of perceived stress.

7.
Enlightening Tourism: A Pathmaking Journal ; 12(2):600-626, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2100992

ABSTRACT

Using a method that examines goal setting, this study investigates the reasons people take a holiday during the 'COVID summer'. Participants were 141 Italians that completed a questionnaire during summer 2020. The results revealed 13 reasons for taking a holiday: 'Family/Friends', 'Attachment', 'Relax', 'Fun', 'New experiences', 'Increasing knowledge', 'Overcoming general stress', 'Overcoming lockdown stress', 'Present well-being', 'Future well-being', 'Enrichment', 'I like it', and 'Socialising'. Revealing connections between reasons, the hierarchical structure revealed that the principal reasons for taking a holiday during the COVID summer are tied to gaining future well-being, maintaining close relationships, and enhancing personal growth. These results are useful for defining tourism destination policies in the post-pandemic phase.

8.
Enlightening Tourism: A Pathmaking Journal ; 12(2):436-469, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2100991

ABSTRACT

This research aims to determine the differences and similarities in perceptions, experiences, satisfaction, and behaviour intention of travellers who engage with, and appreciate Intangible Cultural Heritage, according to the sociodemographic profile of these travellers. Literature concerning Intangible Cultural Heritage tourists' profile is still scarce, being important for World Heritage Site destinations or places with Intangible Cultural Heritage recognition to identify the tourists attracted by culture and heritage. Thus, the work presented intend to cover the gap identified in this sense, taking as reference the results obtained from fieldwork consisting of a structured questionnaire which was administered to a representative sample of tourists who participated in the Fiesta de los Patios event in Cordoba (Spain), which is recognised as Intangible Cultural Heritage asset. Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests are used to compare groups of the sample according to the sociodemographic profile of the tourists, revealing statistical differences among these groups. The results enable us to analyse the post-COVID tourist, and determine to what extent they are satisfied with the new worldwide situation. This research could be useful both to public agents of tourism promotion and private businesses, whose target audience are tourists attending this type of event. The research unpacks the profile of the visitor, relating their gender, age, educational level, and income to their experiences, perceptions, satisfaction, and behaviour intention. This enables the tourist offer to be adapted, making it more attractive to the potential client.

9.
Jurnal Ners ; 17(1):2-7, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2100628

ABSTRACT

Introduction: An increase of the COVID-19 global statistics in late 2019 prompted the swift manufacturing of vaccines to protect people, especially older adults, from the debilitating effects of the disease. This study aimed to determine the socio-demographic correlates of older adults and their relationship with COVID-19 vaccine acceptance.

10.
Medicine Anthropology Theory ; 9(3), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2100546

ABSTRACT

'Breathing trouble' refers both to a biopolitical process and a metaphor for the current global condition. This Position Piece draws inspiration from the 'universal right to breathe' frame suggested by Joseph-Achille Mbembe (2021a) to discuss pandemic inequalities in Kolkata (India) from a location in the global north, Berlin (Germany), where the author currently lives and works. Drawing from the circumstances surrounding the interruption of my fieldwork in urban India, I argue how the border-crossing pandemic and the choking politics of the ruling governments in India and Germany are entangled in the production of pandemic inequalities. The coeval discussions of lived experiences and political grievances 'there' (India/Kolkata) and the critical questioning of the image of India from 'here' (Germany/Berlin) invite an understanding of breathing beyond its purely biological function to what we have in common, as the universal right to breathe. Such framing may help anthropologists to reattune to spatial, temporal, and ethical dimensions of excess empirical events in the constantly changing yet simultaneous pandemic realities.

11.
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems and Community Development ; 11(4):153-164, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2100226

ABSTRACT

Food insecurity continues to be a problem in the U.S., especially in Arkansas, which ranked second in the nation in food-insecure households in 2020 (Arkansas Food Bank, n.d.). To help address this, community-based food pantries make food available directly to area residents. Food pantry demand has increased during COVID-19, which has exacerbated food insecurity, particularly in the southern U.S. In Arkansas, the Arkansas Food Bank (AFB) serves as the state's largest nongovernmental food aid provider, working with 310 pantries. Pantries typically distribute food to clients in one of two ways: by using a prefilled bag or box of items (the traditional model), or by allowing clients to select items (the client-choice model). Although research has shown that the client-choice model has a variety of benefits for client health and wellbeing, pantries using the traditional model remain the norm in Arkansas, accounting for 87% of total pantries. Currently, there is limited research that identifies perceived barriers to converting to a client-choice model among pantry managers, and that identifies whether perceived barriers and localized concerns contribute to different operation styles among pantries. To address this, we examined perceived barriers to client-choice conversion using a mixed-method survey conducted with 187 Arkansas food pantry managers. We used common factor analysis to identify four barriers perceived by pantries to converting their traditional pantry to a client-choice pantry: (1) food supply concerns, (2) having limited nonfood resources, (3) food waste concerns, and (4) confusion from clients and nutritional concerns. A cluster analysis of pantry respondents was also used, based on their level of concern for the four identified perceived barriers. Clusters we identified are Potential Converters (18.2%), Confusion Concerned pantries (56.7%), and pantries who are Skeptics (25.1%). Our findings suggest that food pantry stakeholders may need additional outreach and education concerning the various ways that client choice can be implemented. Our results provide valuable information for those involved in distributing food aid to food-insecure households.

12.
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems and Community Development ; 11(4):35-59, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2100225

ABSTRACT

The 2020 growing season presented new and significant challenges for farmers and farms across the United States as they navigated the COVID-19 pandemic. The rich and diverse agricultural landscape of Washington State offers a valuable microcosm in which to explore the experiences of farms in the U.S. during the pandemic. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively assess the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on directly marketing small farms in western Washington State, with a focus on farmers' experiences with resilience. We conducted in-depth, semi-structured interviews with 15 farmers and used thematic analysis to explore the influence of the pandemic on overall experiences, responses, and values and perceptions related to small farms. Interviewees provided insights on the impacts of the pandemic on their daily farm operations, production costs, marketing channels, demand, and revenue. Farmers also reported shifting personal and public attitudes towards small farms during the pandemic. Product diversity, flexibility, multiple forms of support, values, and access to resources emerged as drivers of COVID-19 impacts and farm adaptations. When compared to existing frameworks on farm resilience, farms in this study are seen to demonstrate resilience via buffer and adaptive capabilities, which enable them to absorb and adjust to shocks. Farmers also discussed resilience via transformative capability, the potential to create new systems, leveraging the collective power of small farms to shape future food systems. Future research on the resilience of small farms should focus on ways to both promote resilience attributes and facilitate the ability of farmers to act on resilience capabilities.

13.
Sustainability ; 14(9), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2099767

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 epidemic has caused dramatic impacts and changes in the tourism industry, and job insecurity and emotional exhaustion have created psychological stress and negative emotions. Social support for Taiwan tourism workers (travel agency, transportation industry, lodging industry, tourism and leisure industry, etc.) plays an important role in their career resilience. However, not all of the potential social support moderators have a critical impact. This study used PLS-SEM analysis to survey 373 respondents by using an online questionnaire to investigate the critical influence of social support on the spread of COVID-19 using career motivation theory. In addition to the direct relationship between the individual's psychological resilience and social support, the strategy of social support (family and friends, national relief policies and workplace support) is also pointed out. The results of the study illustrate the effectiveness of workplace support in combating the epidemic. This study provides information on effective resistance to the epidemic, how to prolong career resilience during unexpected shocks and stresses, and how to understand the mechanisms of adaptation or resilience in adversity and complements the study of factors and literature base in resilience research. It is also used as a study of the impact factors and industry strategy planning in future research.

14.
PLoS Global Public Health ; 2(9), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2098677

ABSTRACT

The first COVID-19 case in Bangladesh was detected on March 8, 2020. Since then, efforts are being made across the country to raise awareness among the population for preventing the spread of this virus. We aimed to examine the urban slum dwellers' knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) towards COVID-19 transmission-prevention. A phone-based cross-sectional survey was conducted in five slums of Dhaka City. Total 476 adult slum dwellers were interviewed between October 31 to December 1, 2020 using a pre-tested questionnaire. During an interview, information was collected on participants' demographic characteristics and KAP items towards COVID-19. We used quartiles for categorization of knowledge and practice score where the first quartile represents poor, the second and third quartiles represent average while the fourth quartile represents good. Attitude score was standardized using z-score and identified as positive and negative attitude. Multiple linear regression models were used separately to identify the socioeconomic predictors of the KAP scores. The results showed that 25% of the respondents had good knowledge and 25% had poor knowledge, 48% had a positive attitude and 52% had a negative attitude, and 21% maintained good practice and 33% maintained poor practice towards COVID-19 transmission-prevention. About 75% respondents relied on television for COVID-19 related information. Regression results showed that knowledge and attitude scores were significantly higher if respondents had primary or secondary and above level of education compared to the uneducated group. Female respondents maintained significantly good practice compared to their male counterparts (beta = 6.841;p<0.01). This study has found that one third of the studied slum dwellers maintained poor practice and one fourth had poor knowledge towards COVID-19 transmission-prevention. As KAP domains are significantly correlated, efforts are needed to raise awareness of COVID-19 particularly targeting individuals with average and lower knowledge to improve attitude and practice for the prevention of COVID-19.

15.
PLoS Global Public Health ; 2(9), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2098672

ABSTRACT

The dramatic increase in the number of COVID-19 cases has been a threat to global health and a challenge for health systems. Estimating the prevalence of infection in the population is essential to provide support for action planning. Within this scenario, the aim of the present study was to analyze the seroprevalence and associated factors of COVID-19 Jundiai, Sao Paulo, Brazil. This cross-sectional study was conducted from June 1st to June 19th, 2020. The participants were patients with respiratory symptoms who sought Primary Care Units (UBS) (n=1,181) and subjects recruited from randomly selected households by probability sampling (n=3,065), as screening strategy. All participants, in both phases, were submitted to SARS-CoV-2 rapid antigen tests (IgG and IgM) and responded to a questionnaire including sociodemographic characteristics based on Behavioural Insights for COVID-19. Total seroprevalence (positive/negative) was the outcome and the independent variables were sociodemographic variables, health behavior and signs/symptoms. The chi-squared test was used for association analysis (p < 0.05) and variables with p < 0.20 were entered into the logistic regression model (p < 0.05). A total of 1,181 subjects from the UBS and 3,065 from the selected households participated in the study. The seroprevalence was 30.8% in the UBS and 3.1% in the households. The adjusted logistic regression identified that lower educational level (OR 2.68;95%CI 1.59-4.54), household member testing positive (OR 1.67;95%CI 1.16-2.39), presence of anosmia (OR 3.68, 95%CI 2.56-5.28) and seeking UBS (OR 3.76;95%CI 2.08-6.82) was risk factors to test positive for SARS-CoV-2. Estimating the seroprevalence in the population was important to know the disease extension that was higher than the notified cases. These results showed socioeconomic aspects associated with COVID-19 even adjusted by symptoms. Populational epidemiologic studies that investigate the associated factors of COVID-19 are relevant to plan strategies to control the pandemic.

16.
BMJ Open ; 12(9), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2097969

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the impact of the government communicating uncertainties relating to COVID-19 vaccine effectiveness on vaccination intention and trust after people are exposed to conflicting information. Design: Experimental design where participants were randomly allocated to one of two groups. Setting: Online. Participants 328 adults from a UK research panel. Intervention Participants received either certain or uncertain communications from a government representative about COVID-19 vaccine effectiveness, before receiving conflicting information about effectiveness. Main outcome measures: Vaccination intention and trust in government.

17.
International Journal of Sport, Exercise and Training Sciences ; 8(1):12-19, 2022.
Article in Turkish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2081220

ABSTRACT

Aim: In this study, our aim is to reveal the views of students who receive sports education about synchronous distance education applications.

18.
Journal of Intercollegiate Sport ; 15(2):27-53, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2081140

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the experiences of diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) professionals in the NCAA athletics governance structure. The specific focus was centered on the multiple crises of summer 2020, including both the COVID-19 pandemic and calls for social injustices and its effects on DEI work and the impacts on DEI professionals within college athletics. In total, 23 semi-structured interviews were completed with the DEI professionals, with five major themes emerging from the results, including: (1) Reorganization of Priorities, (2) Reactive vs. Proactive Work, (3) Challenges of Virtual DEI Engagement, (4) Emotional Fatigue, and (5) Validation of DEI work. The implications for future research and practitioners will be further explored.

19.
Sustainability ; 14(12), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2080472

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to analyze the impact of COVID-19 on tourism safety perceptions, acceptance of restrictions, and the intention to change behavior during the COVID-19 pandemic among young people. Taking Egypt as a case study, a total of 386 respondents were surveyed in two different pandemic periods, with data being collected during the first wave, in April and May 2020, and during the second wave, in December 2020 and January 2021. Data was analyzed using partial least squares structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) with multigroup analysis (MGA). Results reveal significant differences between the first and the second coronavirus waves regarding the effects of perceived risk. Findings point to the heightened potential of the youth market segment in the current context and suggest that youngsters' adaptive coping responses evolved towards self-regulatory behavior. Based on the results, theoretical and practical implications are drawn. Conceptually, the study has contributed to the clarification of the desensitization process experienced by youth over time, in the post-pandemic tourism context. Additionally, the activities' safety perceptions being examined per se enlightened the relationship between risk susceptibility, safety perceptions, and coping attitudes and behavior. Findings suggest that special attention should be paid to crowded group settings, such as youth events, advising that authorities and tourism services should target their communication to different population segments and use appropriate safety messaging according to the evolution of health crises.

20.
Sustainability ; 14(12), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2080461

ABSTRACT

Despite the COVID-19 pandemic, which has lasted for more than two years and significantly affected tourism, people's yearning for better tourism has never weakened, and China's Dual Carbon Strategy further enhanced their desire. At the end of 2020, Ding Zhen shot to stardom on the Internet because of his rugged good looks, further improving the reputation of Ganzi, Sichuan Province, and demonstrating tourists' desire to appreciate authentic destinations. The following are worthy of research: the factors affecting tourists' perceptions of the authenticity of destinations, the relationship between perceptions of authenticity and place attachment in potential tourists, and methods to strengthen the authenticity of a destination to enhance the place attachment of potential tourists. Taking Ganzi and Ding Zhen as the research subjects, this paper uses a co-occurrence network map analyzing the four kinds of authenticity perceived for tourist destinations, based on user-generated content, and uses the term frequency-inverse document frequency method to further calculate the weight score of factors. Finally, the paper verifies the influence of each dimension on place attachment by calculating comment sentiment scores. The results show that (1) natural landscapes, human characteristics, and preferential measures significantly impacted the perception of authenticity among potential tourists;(2) among the four kinds of authenticity perceptions, humanistic authenticity was the major promoting factor by which potential tourists formed place attachment. Based on the research results, the paper puts forward a series of suggestions to improve tourists' emotional attachment to destinations, including creating cultural symbols of local differences, adopting preferential policies for local tickets in a timely manner, and emphasizing nature protection.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL