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1.
Computers & Security ; JOUR: 103008,
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2104679

ABSTRACT

Many researchers have studied non-expert users’ perspectives of cyber security and privacy aspects of computing devices at home, but their studies are mostly small-scale empirical studies based on online surveys and interviews and limited to one or a few specific types of devices, such as smart speakers. This paper reports our work on an online social media analysis of a large-scale Twitter dataset, covering cyber security and privacy aspects of many different types of computing devices discussed by non-expert users in the real world. We developed two new machine learning based classifiers to automatically create the Twitter dataset with 435,207 tweets posted by 337,604 non-expert users in January and February of 2019, 2020 and 2021. We analyzed the dataset using both quantitative (topic modeling and sentiment analysis) and qualitative analysis methods, leading to various previously unknown findings. For instance, we observed a sharp (more than doubled) increase of non-expert users’ tweets on cyber security and privacy during the pandemic in 2021, compare to in the pre-COVID years (2019 and 2020). Our analysis revealed a diverse range of topics discussed by non-expert users, including VPNs, Wi-Fi, smartphones, laptops, smart home devices, financial security, help-seeking, and roles of different stakeholders. Overall negative sentiment was observed across almost all topics in all the three years. Our results confirm the multi-faceted nature of non-expert users’ perspectives on cyber security and privacy and call for more holistic, comprehensive and nuanced research on their perspectives.

2.
Memory ; : 1-12, 2022 Nov 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2106943

ABSTRACT

Social media exposes people to selective information of what they have previously known. We conducted two laboratory studies to examine in a simulated online context the phenomenon of retrieval-induced forgetting, where information reposted on social media is likely to be later remembered and relevant but not reposted information may be forgotten. Specifically, we examined how exposure to selective information about the COVID-19 vaccine via tweets affected subsequent memory and whether people's attitudes towards vaccination played a role in their memory for the information. Young adults (N = 119; Study 1) and community members (N = 92; Study 2) were presented with information about the COVID-19 vaccine that included both pro- and anti-vaccine arguments, organised in four categories (i.e., science, children, religion, morality). They then read tweets that repeated half of the arguments from two of the categories. In a subsequent memory test, participants remembered best the statements repeated in the tweets and remembered worst the statements from the same category but not repeated in the tweets, thus exhibiting retrieval-induced forgetting. This pattern of results was similar across pro- and anti-vaccine arguments, regardless of the participants' level of support for vaccination. We discussed the findings in light of remembering and forgetting in the context of the pandemic and social media.

3.
Soc Sci Med ; 315: 115497, 2022 Nov 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2105992

ABSTRACT

With signaling theory, credibility, and social media engagement (SME) as guiding frameworks, this study used an experiment to examine how social media influencers (SMIs) affect how people engage with COVID-19 misinformation. SMI-promoted information elicited more SME, credibility, and purchase likelihood than non-SMI promoted information. The most effective message was a post promoted by an SMI that contained detailed information about an authentic product. However, data indicated nuance regarding the effect of SMIs. The authenticity of the information as well as the amount of detail in the post played a role. Additionally, mediated effects analysis showed that the impact of SME on purchase likelihood was higher among non-SMI followers. Data suggests that using a multi-signal messaging approach is suitable regardless of promotion by an SMI. This has important implications to public health messaging and the author discusses how health agencies may effectively signal information to the public.

4.
Heliyon ; 8(10): e10867, 2022 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2105012

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has prompted the re-emergence of staycations to the fore, as many people were forced to spend their vacations at or close to home due to travel restrictions. This phenomenon first went mainstream during the 2008 financial crisis, and has now been further accelerated by the COVID-19 pandemic. This study investigated the growth and practice of staycations during the first two years of the pandemic by analyzing social media and internet search data using Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) topic modeling and Google Trends analytics. Key findings suggest that, while spatially close to home, people tried to achieve a psychological distance away from home. This was demonstrated by a strong global search interest in spending staycations at hotels close to home. The optimal LDA topic model produced 38 topics which were classified under four aggregate dimensions of antecedents, attributes, activities, and consequences of staycations. The findings provide useful insights to managers and policymakers on boosting revenue through this practice, and the role of staycations in promoting leisure activities close to home and sustainable tourism.

5.
Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences ; JOUR(2-A):No Pagination Specified, 84.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2102231

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to build upon existing research that explored teachers? professional learning expectations and how teachers can utilize social media platforms or social learning environments to aid their professional learning. This information may be used to support thinking differently about time and space for both student and adult learning. Understanding to what extent and why teachers engaged in professional learning experiences in a social media environment can inform future learning options in utilizing these asynchronous platforms. Data generated may aid in the design of engaging professional learning experiences, through social media, that give teachers a venue for rapid, focused, personalized, and asynchronous learning. This qualitative study was limited to a non-random sample of interview participants, which ensured participants had a guaranteed proficiency in using social media environments for professional learning experiences. A survey was conducted to identify individuals who actively engaged in using social media platforms for professional learning, and six qualifying educators were invited to expand upon their experiences through their participation in semi-structured interviews. The open-ended questions inspired a dialogue about their lived experiences, resources located on social media platforms, and interests regarding professional learning during the 2020 pandemic time frame. Responses to the interview questions were coded to examine how and to what extent the teacher participated in a social media platform as a venue for professional learning during the pandemic. A theoretical, thematic analysis was used to identify how teachers participated in a social media environment for professional learning. The responses were coded based on CHAT?s Four C?s of Participation Taxonomy: Contemplator, Curator, Crowdsourcer, or Contributor (Trust, 2017). Additionally, the responses were coded to identify the type of informal learning experience the teachers described. Similarities and differences across demographic areas were reviewed and discussed. The data compiled had several implications. Understanding how teachers interacted in informal social learning environments provided insight into teachers? engagement and how their pedagogical practices were impacted or changed. Results of the study may be used to inform how social-media-based professional learning can be developed or expanded to meet the just-in-time needs of K-12 educators. Ultimately, the feedback received could help districts develop a framework for constructing and evaluating social-media-based professional learning and more educators to interact online as contemplators and as contributors. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

6.
International Journal of Engineering Education ; JOUR(5):1577-1583, 38.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2101482

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic to explore whether team-based, online learning activities play a role in enhancing undergraduate engineering students' critical thinking skills. To conduct the study, we distributed a Google Form-based online survey among undergraduate engineering students through Tecnolo & PRIME;gico de Monterrey learning management system platform during the fall semester of 2020. In total, we received 50 complete responses through a convenient sampling approach. To analyze the quantitative data, we applied a hierarchical regression technique using the IBM SPSS 26.0 statistical software program. The findings of this study affirm that participation in team-based online learning activities meant to improve (1) the quality of learning and (2) reasoning ability have a significant positive correlation with critical thinking skills of undergraduate students in engineering programs. We also conclude that quality of learning has higher significant association with critical thinking skills as compared to reasoning ability

7.
Vestnik Tomskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta Filologiya-Tomsk State University Journal of Philology ; JOUR:222-240, 77.
Article in Russian | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2100558

ABSTRACT

2020 went down in history as the year of the pandemic and lockdowns. In the context of self-isolation, the construction of a global media event, the COVID-19 pandemic, plays a key role in the audience's perception of information and their further actions. The research focuses on the timeline of the "first wave" of the spread of the virus (the initial stage, the implementing of compulsory universal self-isolation, the lifting of restrictive measures). Six social and political Telegram channels with a large outreach, which often served as a key source of information about the pandemic for the public, were chosen for the analysis. In total, 825 posts were analysed. The main sources of information about the coronavirus were identified: the media, official data from organizations that keep statistics on people who got infected/recovered, statements by officials on the situation in a country and the world, and the Telegram channels' own information. During the pandemic, popular Telegram channels adhered to a common agenda alongside with the media, thus, in fact, not offering a large percentage of original materials. Based on the content analysis, a conclusion is made about the transformation of the construction of a media event. In terms of visualization, posts containing photos or emojis predominated. By the end of the first wave, the number of posts containing videos dropped. Short clips (up to 20-30 seconds), in fact, served as photo illustrations. The increase in the number of posts containing memes is explained by the need for a mass audience to understand and reflect on the events that are taking place. During the "first wave", the priority areas in the topics of the posts were statistics on the number of infected/recovered people;initiatives of the authorities;and social, cultural, and entertainment subject matters. However, from the initial period to the moment when self-isolation was lifted, the topics of the posts changed: the number of articles on morbidity and mortality significantly decreased, the second period recorded the largest number of articles about lifestyle, while social topics were among the leading ones in the third period. The study revealed a miniscule number of fake news - 1%, which can be explained by the tightening of criminal legislation regarding the dissemination of knowingly false information. Regarding the theory of strategies for deproblematization of situations, the Telegram channels used the following strategies: the strategy of declaring powerlessness, the strategy of perspectivization, and the strategy of criticizing tactics.

8.
Media International Australia ; JOUR
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2098132

ABSTRACT

The editors of this Feature Topic are founding members of the TikTok Cultures Research Network that focuses on culturally-situated and qualitatively-grounded scholarship on TikTok in the Asia Pacific region. This Feature Topic collection for Media International Australia is our second in a string of Special Issues on TikTok, each primed to interrogate the platform from different scholarly vantage points while remaining committed to surfacing, highlighting, and strengthening research from, by, and about contexts in the margins. In this Feature Topic issue, we focus on the Asia Pacific region to understand the socio-cultural impacts, creative circumventions, and agentic employments of TikTok since its installation. Given the timing of symposium and intellectual inquiries, these studies have also naturally considered the cascading impacts and consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on platform use, meaning making, and the habitable spaces we make for ourselves and for each other in times of crisis.

9.
JMIR Form Res ; 6(11): e38862, 2022 Nov 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2098994

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic and the confinement that was implemented in Argentina generated a need to implement innovative tools for the strengthening of diabetes care. Diabetes self-management education (DSME) is a core element of diabetes care; however, because of COVID-19 restrictions, in-person diabetes educational activities were suspended. Social networks have played an instrumental role in this context to provide DSME in 2 cities of Argentina and help persons with diabetes in their daily self-management. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate 2 diabetes education modalities (synchronous and asynchronous) using the social media platform Facebook through the content of posts on diabetes educational sessions in 2 cities of Argentina during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: In this qualitative study, we explored 2 modalities of e-learning (synchronous and asynchronous) for diabetes education that used the Facebook pages of public health institutions in Chaco and La Rioja, Argentina, in the context of confinement. Social media metrics and the content of the messages posted by users were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 332 messages were analyzed. We found that in the asynchronous modality, there was a higher number of visualizations, while in the synchronous modality, there were more posts and interactions between educators and users. We also observed that the number of views increased when primary care clinics were incorporated as disseminators, sharing educational videos from the sessions via social media. Positive aspects were observed in the posts, consisting of messages of thanks and, to a lesser extent, reaffirmations, reflections or personal experiences, and consultations related to the subject treated. Another relevant finding was that the educator/moderator role had a greater presence in the synchronous modality, where posts were based on motivation for participation, help to resolve connectivity problems, and answers to specific user queries. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show positive contributions of an educational intervention for diabetes care using the social media platform Facebook in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Although each modality (synchronous vs asynchronous) could have differential and particular advantages, we believe that these strategies have potential to be replicated and adapted to other contexts. However, more documented experiences are needed to explore their sustainability and long-term impact from the users' perspective.

10.
Physics and Imaging in Radiation Oncology ; JOUR
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2095886

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose Twitter presence in academia has been linked to greater research impact which influences career progression. The purpose of this study was to analyse Twitter activity of the radiotherapy community around ESTRO congresses with a focus on gender-related and geographic trends. Materials and methods Tweets, re-tweets and replies, here designated as interactions, around the ESTRO congresses held in 2012-2021 were collected. Twitter activity was analysed temporally and, for the period 2016-2021, the geographical span of the ESTRO Twitter network was studied. Tweets and Twitter users collated during the 10 years analysed were ranked based on number of ‘likes’, ‘re-tweets’ and followers, considered as indicators of leadership/influence. Gender representation was assessed for the top-end percentiles. Results Twitter activity around ESTRO congresses was multiplied by 60 in 6 years growing from 150 interactions in 2012 to a peak of 9097 in 2018. In 2020, during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, activity dropped by 60% to reach 2945 interactions and recovered to half the pre-pandemic level in 2021. Europe, North America and Oceania were strongly connected and remained the main contributors. While overall, 58% of accounts were owned by men, this proportion increased towards top liked/re-tweeted tweets and most-followed profiles to reach up to 84% in the top-percentiles. Conclusion During the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, Twitter activity around ESTRO congresses substantially decreased. Men were over-represented on the platform and in most popular tweets and influential accounts. Given the increasing importance of social media presence in academia the gender-based biases observed may help in understanding the gender gap in career progression.

11.
Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management ; JOUR
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2088008

ABSTRACT

Purpose The world has been forced to implement movement restriction strategy because of the COVID-19 pandemic, and industries have to embrace online technologies and social media marketing activities (SMMAs) to continue their business operations. Considering the aftermath of COVID-19 on the business world, this study aims to explore the determining elements of SMMAs and analyse how these factors affect brand equity (BE), relationship equity (RE) and purchase intention (PI) among smartphone consumers in China. Five constructs of SMMAs, namely, entertainment (EN), interactivity (IN), trendiness (TR), customisation (CU) and electronic word-of-mouth (WM), were examined to examine the effects of SMMAs on BE and RE. Subsequently, the mediation effects of BE and RE on the relationships of all constructs of SMMAs with PI were analysed. Design/methodology/approach An online survey was conducted with the participation of 347 Chinese consumers who used social media platform managed by the smartphone brands as their marketing activities during COVID-19. The data were analysed via structural equation modelling using SmartPLS. Findings This study's result showed the significant and positive influence of CU, TR and WM on BE and the strong and positive influence of CU, IN and TR on RE. Furthermore, BE was found to fully mediate the relationships of CU, TR and WM with PI, while RE was found to mediate the relationships of TR and CU with PI. The performance and impact factor analysis revealed RE as the most important factor for PI, followed by BE, CU and TR. Originality/value This study extended the authors' knowledge and understanding about social media marketing, BE and smart phone PI during COVID-19. Findings of this study can assist smartphone brands in China to develop the most effective strategies for SMMAs, which can be tailored for consumers to maximise profits, even during any crisis when physical business activities are deemed difficult. Moreover, this study's findings can benefit the government and policymakers in developing and regulating rules and regulations for e-commerce and social media commerce for all industries and areas.

12.
Congress & the Presidency ; JOUR: 1-33,
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2087506

ABSTRACT

U.S. senators are increasingly turning to Twitter to stoke partisan divisions, and it's not just what they say, but rather how they say it. Senators spent the Spring of 2020 responding to the COVID-19 pandemic, but the tone and framing used to engage a digital constituency was largely dependent on partisan alignment with President Trump. We use senators' Twitter activity during the outbreak to offer new insight into the mechanisms of lawmakers' party polarizing trends in congressional communication. We show that divisions stemmed from senators' sentiment and framing-with Republicans more likely to incorporate positivity into forward-looking steps for economic recovery and Democrats preferring a negative tone to address government failings and inadequate response by President Trump. This article extends the literature on polarizing rhetoric in the Senate by using the pandemic response to illustrate how the dynamics of senators' digital rhetoric, even during a moment of shared crisis, continue to fuel partisanship and polarizing narratives.

13.
Trials ; 23(1): 905, 2022 Oct 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2089230

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Participant recruitment into clinical trials remains challenging. The global increase in the number of social media users has accelerated the use of social media as a modality of recruitment, particularly during the COVID-19 pandemic when traditional recruitment methods were reduced. However, there is limited evidence on the performance of social media recruitment strategies into eczema clinical trials. METHODS: From September 2021 to January 2022, we recruited participants with eczema into an online randomised controlled trial using free advertising on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram and Reddit (unpaid methods), followed by paid Facebook advertisements (paid method). Unpaid methods were used periodically for 63 days, whilst the paid method for 16 days. Interested individuals who clicked on the advertisement link were directed to the study website, where they could sign up to participate. Consenting, randomisation and data collection occurred exclusively online, using a database management web platform. Evaluation of the social media recruitment methods was performed, including the number of expression of interests, enrolment yield, cost, baseline characteristics and retention. RESULTS: Our multi-platform based social media recruitment strategy resulted in 400 expressions of interests, leading to 296 participants. Unpaid methods accounted for 136 (45.9%) of participants, incurring no financial cost. Paid Facebook adverts reached 154,370 individuals, resulting in 123 (41.6%) trial participants for a total cost of £259.93 (£2.11 per participant) and other recruitment methods resulted in 37 (12.5%) enrolments. Paid advertisements predominantly attracted younger participants below the age of 20, whereas unpaid methods mainly drew in participants between 20-29 years of age. The social media platforms recruited an ethnically diverse participant population. Completion rate of follow-up was slightly higher for the paid method (n = 103, 83.7%) compared with the unpaid methods (n = 111, 81.6%). CONCLUSIONS: Unpaid social media posts recruited the most participants; however, it was time consuming for the researcher. Paid Facebook adverts rapidly recruited a large number of participants for a low cost and provided flexibility to target specific audiences. Our findings indicate that social media is an efficient tool that can potentially support recruitment to clinical trials. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN45167024. Registered on 29 June 2021.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Eczema , Social Media , Adult , Humans , Young Adult , Advertising/methods , Pandemics
14.
Public Health Nurs ; 2022 Oct 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2088310

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Vaccine hesitancy is one of the top 10 threats to world health. The ongoing pandemic highlighted this health threat. The COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy remains underreported in the Philippines. Thus, this study aimed to describe and analyze the comments of Filipinos in TikTok videos about COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy. DESIGN: Manifest content analysis. SAMPLE: A total of 25 TikTok videos and their comments (n = 4564) were analyzed. METHODS: We collected data between July 2021 and October 2021. Bengtsson's approach to content analysis was utilized to analyze the data. Data were validated using member-checking and intercoder reliability. RESULTS: This study afforded three themes of COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy: (a) fear and mistrust (subthemes: influence of Dengvaxia vaccine, the influence of people who refuse to be vaccinated, lack of trust in the government, lack of trust in healthcare workers, doubts on vaccines' effectiveness), (b) misinformation and disinformation (subthemes: misbeliefs, insufficient knowledge), and (c) adamant attitudes (subthemes: unwillingness to be vaccinated, picky on vaccine brand). CONCLUSION: Our study established Filipinos' diverse reasons for COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy. TikTok, as a social media platform, is used for COVID-19 vaccine discussions and the dissemination of misinformation. To prepare for the next pandemic or public health disaster, the government, HCWs, and the public must efficiently convey timely, accurate health information and dispel misinformation on social media platforms.

16.
Pain Physician ; 25(7): E1021-E1025, 2022 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2084148

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Approximately 70% of Americans use social media platforms, and use of specific platforms, such as Instagram, Twitter, Snapchat, and TikTok, is especially common among adults under 30. The presence of social media accounts among residency and fellowship programs in academic medicine has been used to connect with other specialties, highlight achievements and research, disseminate information to the general public, and as a recruiting tool for applicants. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the social media presence, specifically on Twitter and Instagram, of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)-accredited Pain Medicine fellowship programs. We hypothesized that programs with more fellows were more likely to have a social media presence, as well as more content pertaining to branding for recruitment purposes. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study observing the social media presence of ACGME- accredited Pain Medicine fellowship programs. METHODS: Two independent reviewers conducted searches for corresponding official pain programs and departmental accounts on Twitter and Instagram over the period of July 1, 2020 to June 31, 2021. For all social media accounts identified, number of posts (total and within the study period), followers, and date of first post were recorded. Each post was categorized as medical education, branding, or social. RESULTS: Of the 111 ACGME-accredited Pain Medicine fellowship programs, 4 (3.6%) had both Twitter and Instagram accounts,10 (9%) only Twitter, 7 (6.3%) only Instagram, and 90 (81.1%) had neither. A significant association between the number of fellows and the odds of having an Instagram, but not Twitter, fellowship account was found (odds ratio 1.38, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.02,1.88; P = 0.038). Also, a linear relationship existed between the number of followers and tweets (B coefficient 3.7, 95% CI: 3.6, 3.8; P < 0.001). LIMITATIONS: Limitations include that the data were collected during the COVID-19 pandemic, which may correlate to increased likelihood of social media usage. We were also limited by our ability to find all of the pain management fellowship program accounts on social media. CONCLUSIONS: Less than 20% of the pain fellowship programs are currently utilizing Twitter and/or Instagram. When compared to primary anesthesiology residencies, social media presence among pain fellowships is much lower. By utilizing basic social media strategies, including image-based content posting, hashtags, and videos, programs can increase their engagement with the social media community, and increase their overall number of followers, thus expanding their potential reach to prospective applicants. Although social media can be an effective tool for branding purposes, it is vital to address the safe use of social media among all trainees.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Internship and Residency , Social Media , Adult , Humans , Fellowships and Scholarships , Cross-Sectional Studies , Pandemics , Education, Medical, Graduate , Accreditation , Pain
17.
Connectist-Istanbul University Journal of Communication Sciences ; JOUR(62): 67-90,
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2082636

ABSTRACT

This study aims to structure the available body of knowledge relating to the infodemic by means of a systematic review and explore it in a multidimensional manner by taking into account the speed of the propagation of misinformation, its fast-changing nature and effects. The study also aims to present the interaction between the field of communication and other fields of study within the framework of the ongoing infodemic. The studies for systematic review were gathered from internationally known scientific databases, namely the Web of Science Core Collection and Google Scholar, over two stages. A total of 46 studies were included in this systematic review. This study utilized an inductive research approach for systematic review. Using this approach, the authors' identified the reasons for the propagation of misinformation during the COVID-19 pandemic in these papers. The authors also identified the effects of this misinformation, the methods of individuals, official and non-official actors to combat misinformation, the cultural factors and legal measures for combating misinformation, and the recommendations related to traditional media, the new media and other verification structures. The studies conducted in the field of communication were predominantly cited in studies conducted within Communication and Health & Health Care Sciences fields. A notable observation made in this study was that studies which focused on combating misinformation were cited more than other studies reviewed.

18.
Revista Espanola De Sociologia ; JOUR(4), 31.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2082593

ABSTRACT

Hashtag research has established itself as a relevant research field, with various studies having analysed this polysemic collector in crisis and media events. Hashtags are used in social media, most specifically on Twitter. Further, between 2020 and 2021, hashtag studies linked to the COVID-19 pandemic have emerged. Accordingly, this study aimed to analyse the content of tweets during the first phase of the COVID-19 pandemic (March 4-11, 2020) that included the hashtag #Covid-19 in three different languages: Italian, Spanish, and French. For these analyses, we used emotional text mining. The goal of this study was to reconstruct the representation of the pandemic, of containment measures, and of Europe in tweets. We discussed the prevailing attitude towards Europe in times of crisis.

19.
Non-conventional in English | WHOIRIS, Grey literature | ID: grc-754715

ABSTRACT

This collection of case studies on risk communication and community engagement (RCCE) from 18 different country/area level public health partners in the WHO European Region provides evidence of numerous results achieved and lessons learned since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. RCCE has not traditionally been an area where evidence of challenges and solutions was documented. With this compendium, we wanted to collect and share this evidence to support decision-making in this area of work.

20.
Vaccine ; 40(48): 6895-6899, 2022 Nov 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2082569

ABSTRACT

Addressing negative vaccine sentiments is paramount to COVID-19 prevention efforts. However, assessing population sentiments is challenging due to the desirability bias that can emerge when directly asking respondents for their opinions on vaccination. Social media data, containing people's unfiltered thoughts, have the potential to offer valuable insights that could guide vaccine promotion messaging. We extracted one week's (4/5-4/11, 2020) worth of COVID-19 vaccine posts on Twitter (tweets) from the U.S. (N = 208,973) and segmented tweets with negative sentiments toward COVID-19 vaccines (n = 14,794). We imputed location based on Twitter users' self-reported state of residence. We found that states in the South had significantly higher prevalence of negative tweets compared to states in other parts of the country, and higher-income states reported lower prevalence of negative tweets. Our findings suggest the existence of negative vaccine sentiments and geographic variability in these opinions, warranting tailored vaccine promotion efforts, particularly for the southern U.S.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Social Media , Vaccines , Humans , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines , SARS-CoV-2 , Attitude
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