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1.
HUMANIDADES & INOVACAO ; 9(5):68-80, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1965523

ABSTRACT

This article aims to present an epistemological discussion based on the assumption that, in times of Covid-19, Humanities and Social Sciences are equally important to monitor the effects of the new coronavirus in society. Although research aimed at the development of medicines and vaccines attract more attention during pandemics, the extent of social phenomena also needs to be investigated based on an analysis that encompasses the vast knowledge of the field of Humanities and Social Sciences. Therefore, we criticize the misleading way the concept of Science has been used to prescribe, discussing publications on the social network Twitter, which is widely used by the current Brazilian government to create hierarchies and distinctions in the scientific field. We argue about the need to understand science in a meaningful and socially referenced way.

2.
The Qualitative Report ; 27(7):1426-1444, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1965178

ABSTRACT

The results of this study will help form guidelines for developing students' capacities for learning in authentic workplace settings to better prepare them to be effective and efficient in their chosen careers. This phenomenological study examined factors influencing practice-based learning and how participants learned from their practice. Six fourth-year students majoring in sports science who had recently returned from their internships took part in this study. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews. Thematic analysis was performed on the transcripts to characterize the participants' shared experiences, which yielded the following seven themes of factors influencing their practice-based learning: (a) clear career goals and identification of an appropriate internship facility;(b) self-efficacy;(c) reflective practice;(d) good workplace relationships;(e) organizational leaders as agents transferring knowledge;(f ) knowledge-sharing behavior;and (g) impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Internship students also learned to identify their weaknesses in this study, communication skills, group fitness instructor skills, and a professional exercise instructor image.

3.
The Qualitative Report ; 27(7):1390-1414, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1965177

ABSTRACT

Drawing on Vygotsky's "space framework" (Harré, 1984;Mostofo & Zambo, 2015), this article reports the findings of our action research project that examined student teachers' beliefs and behavior changes while completing a qualitative research project. Our research question was, "to what extent do student teachers change their beliefs and behaviors about qualitative research (QR) after participating in a two-workshop series of qualitative designs in language classrooms and doing a mini-project?" The participants of this study were eight student teachers at an Indonesian university, and the research data was collected through questionnaires and interviews. The study's findings show that student teachers changed their beliefs and practices about QR because they were shown how to do QR by an experienced professional qualitative researcher and conducted a mini-project. In addition, the workshops and the mini-project inspired and encouraged them to become qualitative researchers in TESOL and increased their research literacy such as how to find a research area and setting research goals.

4.
International Journal of Social Inquiry ; 15(1):33, 2022.
Article in Turkish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1965158

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 küresel salgını, dünyanın farklı yerlerinden olan insanların krizlerden çeşitli biçimlerde etkilendiğine yönelik önemli bir kesit oluşturmaktadır. Salgının küresel eşitsizlikleri gün yüzüne çıkarıcı, derinleştirici ve yenilerini yaratan yönü dikkat çekmektedir. Belirli risklerle yüz yüze gelme ve başa çıkabilecek imkanlara sahip olma bakımından bazı kişilerin o risklere daha açık olduğu görünmektedir. Salgın döneminde küresel istihdam kayıplarının geçici ve yarı zamanlı çalışanlara etkisi, sağlık ve iş güvencesine sahip olma konuları birincil olarak öne çıkmaktadır. Çalışmak zorunda kalınan sektörler, eğitim düzeyi ve kazancı daha yüksek olan kişilerin iş faaliyetlerini evlerinden yapabilmeleri, evlerinde çocuklarını eğitecek yerlerinin olması, uzaktan eğitim imkanlarına sahip olma başlıkları bunları izleyen eşitsizliklerden yalnızca bazılarıdır. Salgın dönemi tedbirlerinden karantina altında kalma, ev içi ve dışı olmak üzere mekânsal eşitsizlikler yine küresel eşitsizliklerin bir parçasıdır. Küresel ekonomik faaliyetler sonucu ortaya çıkan bölüşüm adaletsizliklerinin, çeşitli eşitsizlikleri nasıl ve ne biçimde yeniden ürettiği salgın döneminde daha fazla dikkat çekmekte, adaletin uluslararası boyutu sorgulanmaktadır. Adaletin küresel yükümlülüklerine vurgu yapan kozmopolitan eşitlikçiler, zenginlik ve kaynakların bölüşümünde John Rawls'ın iki adalet ilkesinin uluslararası boyutta uygulanabileceği iddiasındadırlar. Bu noktadan hareketle çalışmamızda COVID-19 salgınının küresel eşitsizlikler üzerindeki etkilerini, salgın dönemi yardım uygulamalarını kozmopolitan eşitlikçilik bağlamında ele almaya çalışacağız.Alternate :The COVID-19 global epidemic constitutes an important cross-section that people from different parts of the world are affected by the crises in various ways. In the face of a certain risk, it seems that some people are more open to those risks in terms of confronting them and having opportunities to cope. The aspect of the epidemic that brings global inequalities to light, deepens and creates new ones draws attention. During the epidemic, the effects of global employment losses on temporary and part-time workers, health and employment insurance are the primary issues. Sectors where people have to work, people with higher education and income levels, being able to carry out their business activities from their homes, having a place to educate their children at home, and having distance education opportunities are just some of the following inequalities. Spatial inequalities, including quarantine, indoor and outdoor inequalities, are also a part of global inequalities. How and in what way the distributional injustices resulting from global economic activities reproduce various inequalities draw more attention during the epidemic period, and the international dimension of justice is questioned. Emphasizing the global obligations of justice, cosmopolitan egalitarians claim that John Rawls' two principles of justice can be applied internationally in the distribution of wealth and resources. From this point of view, in our study, we will try to deal with the effects of the COVID-19 epidemic on global inequalities and the aid practices during the epidemic in the context of cosmopolitan egalitarianism.

5.
International Journal of Social Inquiry ; 15(1):21, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1965157

ABSTRACT

Gender equality is not only a fundamental human right, but it is also necessary for a peaceful society, the attainment of full human potential, and long-term progress. It can also play a significant role in the growth of any modern economy. Therefore, it is critical to realize that men and women may both contribute to societal growth. A holistic approach, sound policies, and long-term commitment by all levels of government are essential for women's empowerment to become a reality. In addition, gender equality must be a priority in developing national policies and initiatives. Despite improvements in Turkish women's social, political, and economic lives, women's empowerment has yet to be attained. This research explores the position of women in school and the labor market in Turkey before and after the emergence of COVID-19. The research highlights the problems and opportunities that women regarding participating in the Turkish economy.Alternate :Toplumsal cinsiyet eşitliği yalnızca temel bir insan hakkı değil, aynı zamanda barışçıl bir toplum, insan potansiyelini tam kullanım ve uzun vadeli gelişmenin bir koşuludur. Bu nedenle, bir ekonominin gelişmesinde kilit bir rol oynayabilir. Erkeklerin ve kadınların sosyal kalkınmaya eşit derecede katkıda bulunabilecekleri gerçeğini benimsemek bu yüzden oldukça önemlidir. Kadınların güçlendirilmesinin gerçekleşmesi için bütüncül yaklaşım, sağlam politikalar ve uzun vadeli özveri gerekmektedir. Ayrıca, uygulanması hedeflenen ulusal politika ve programlar geliştirilirken, toplumsal cinsiyet eşitliği öncelikli olarak gözetilmelidir. Türk kadınının sosyal, siyasi ve ekonomik hayatındaki gelişmelere rağmen güçlendirmeleri henüz istenilen noktaya ulaşamamıştır. Bu çalışma, Türkiye'de Korona Virüsünün bir diğer adıyla Covid-19'un ortaya çıkmasından önce ve sonra kadınların eğitim ve işgücü piyasasındaki durumunu incelemektedir. Kadınların Türkiye ekonomisine katılımına ilişkin zorluklar ve fırsatlar analiz edilmektedir.

6.
International Journal of Social Inquiry ; 15(1):55, 2022.
Article in Turkish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1965156

ABSTRACT

Bu çalışmada toplum için fırsatlar yaratacak yeni yetenekler getirmesi beklenen beşinci nesil hücresel ağlar (5G) ile COVID-19 aşısının dünya genelinde insanlar üzerinde oluşturduğu algının Duygu Analizi yöntemi ile ölçülmesi hedeflenmektedir. Bu amaçla, yaygın olarak kullanılan bir sosyal medya aracı olan Twitter'dan Ekim – Aralık 2020 tarihleri arasında 25642 adet tweet çekilmiş ve Python yazılımı aracılığı ile hesaplamalar yapılmıştır. Buna göre dünya genelinde Twitter üzerinden fikrini beyan eden kişilerin %36,4'ünün 5G ile COVID-19 aşısı hakkında pozitif algıya sahip olduğu görülmüştür. Tweet atan kişilerin %35,6'sının ise konuyla ilgili olarak pozitif ya da negatif görüşe sahip olmadığı ve %28'inin de negatif görüş bildirdiği sonucuna varılmıştır. Tüm tweetler için genel duygu skoru ortalaması 0,15 olarak bulunmuştur. Çalışmada ayrıca verilere makine öğrenmesi yöntemlerinden Sınıflandırma ve Regresyon Ağaçları (CART), Naïve Bayes (NB), k-En Yakın Komşuluk (KNN) ve Rastgele Orman (RF) algoritmaları uygulanmıştır. Elde edilen bulgulara göre sınıflandırmada en iyi sonuçları 0,7852 kesinlik (P) ve 0,7445 doğruluk (A) değerleri ile NB;0,8209 duyarlılık (R) değeri ile KNN ve 0,7866 F-ölçütü (F) değeri ile RF algoritmaları vermiştir.Alternate :This study is aimed at measuring the perception created by the COVID-19 vaccines on people around the worldusing Sentiment Analysis – taking into account the fifth generation (5G) cellular networks, which are expected tobring new capabilities that will create opportunities for society. For this purpose, 25642 tweets were taken fromTwitter between October and December 2020 and analyzed using Python software. Accordingly, 36.4% of peopleworldwide who expressed their opinions on Twitter have a positive perception of 5G and the COVID-19 vaccine,also 35.6% of the tweeters do not have a positive or negative view (neutral) has been observed. However, it wasobserved that 28% of the people expressed negative opinions. The overall sentiment score is 0.15. Also, in thisstudy, Classification and Regression Trees (CART), Naïve Bayes (NB), k-Nearest Neighbour (KNN), and RandomForest (RF) algorithms were applied. According to the findings, the best results were obtained by NB with 0,7852precision (P) and 0,7445 accuracy (A) values, KNN with 0,8209 recall (R) value, and RF with 0,7866 F-measure (F)value.

7.
Politeja ; - (77):253-272, 2022.
Article in Polish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1964633

ABSTRACT

As compared to other complex social processes, scientification of public discourse is a phenomenon which is not well described in social sciences. Frequently, the idea of scientification is understood as methodological changes within social sciences which bring them closer to natural sciences and, in this sense, is related to traditional Positivist approach. In the article, the meaning of the term has been changed in order to describe a situation in which public political discourse is being transformed in such a way that, in effect, it resembles scientific discourse. This change in understanding the meaning of the idea of scientification has been presented on the example of an analysis of Polish MPs' statements at the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic in Poland in 2020.

8.
Journal of Geodesy and Geoinformation Science ; 5(2):1-6, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1964616

ABSTRACT

Humanities and Social Sciences (HSS) are undergoing the transformation of spatialization and quantification. Geo-computation, with geoinformatics (including RS: Remote Sensing;GIS: Geographical Information System;GNSS: Global Navigation Satellite System), provides effective computational and spatialization methods and tools for HSS. Spatial Humanities and Geo-computation for Social Sciences (SH&GSS) is a field coupling geo-computation, and geoinformatics, with HSS. This special issue accepted a set of contributions highlighting recent advances in methodologies and applications of SH&GSS, which are related to sentiment spatial analysis from social media data, emotional change spatial analysis from news data, spatial analysis of social media related to COVID-19, crime spatiotemporal analysis, “double evaluation” for Land Use/Land Cover (LUCC), Specially Protected Natural Areas (SPNA) analysis, editing behavior analysis of Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI), electricity consumption anomaly detection, First and Last Mile Problem (FLMP) of public transport, and spatial interaction network analysis for crude oil trade network. Based on these related researches, we aim to present an overview of SH&GSS, and propose some future research directions for SH&HSS.

9.
Fabula ; 63(1/2):207, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1963080

ABSTRACT

On Sep 5-8, 2021, the 18th ISFNR congress was held in the beautiful city of Zagreb in Croatia. The title and theme of the congress was Encountering emotions in folk narrative and folklife. Due to Covidl9 restrictions the congress had been postponed for a year and went online. Our hosts and organizers where the Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Research and the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb, who virtually connected us all with excellent planning, technical support and engaging and informative videos, all of which evoked a strong sense of connection from our homes around the world to Zagreb's landscape and lore.

10.
International Journal of Information Management ; 64:1, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1959609

ABSTRACT

Technology driven organizational transformation-heightened during the COVID-19 pandemic-is gaining momentum, as employees increasingly invest in technology for work. Referred to as IT consumerization, employees use their smartphones, notebooks and tablets in the workplace, accompanied by a growing toolbox of applications. Google Apps and Dropbox are just a few consumer tools that employees use to get their work done, and in doing so, often bypass the authority of the IT department and the organization. While some organizations discourage, or even prohibit, employees from using their personal IT, others embrace the phenomenon. Employees' investment in consumer IT and its accompanying applications has been suggested as related to innovation and productivity gains, but there has been no empirical validation of such a beneficial relationship. With this paper we propose a theoretical root cause for the perceived positive outcomes of employees using their personal technologies in the workplace. Specifically, we explore the role of IT empowerment-a concept that captures the level of authority an employee assumes in utilizing IT in order to control or improve aspects of their job. Surveying 147 employees, we find support for increased levels of IT empowerment and higher levels of perceived performance among those that actively use consumer IT versus those that do not;we also find a close relationship between IT empowerment and perceived innovative work behaviors.

11.
International Journal of Information Management ; 64:1, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1959608

ABSTRACT

We propose a conceptual model of acceptance of contact tracing apps based on the privacy calculus perspective. Moving beyond the duality of personal benefits and privacy risks, we theorize that users hold social considerations (i.e., social benefits and risks) that underlie their acceptance decisions. To test our propositions, we chose the context of COVID-19 contact tracing apps and conducted a qualitative pre-study and longitudinal quantitative main study with 589 participants from Germany and Switzerland. Our findings confirm the prominence of individual privacy calculus in explaining intention to use and actual behavior. While privacy risks are a significant determinant of intention to use, social risks (operationalized as fear of mass surveillance) have a notably stronger impact. Our mediation analysis suggests that social risks represent the underlying mechanism behind the observed negative link between individual privacy risks and contact tracing apps' acceptance. Furthermore, we find a substantial intention–behavior gap.

12.
Loyola Journal of Social Sciences ; 36(1):1, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1958189

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) at the end of 2019 in China brought states to loggerheads with one another. The cold war between these states brought intricate discourses that appear to be motivated by the political economy of national interests and global political supremacy. A nuanced reading of the discourses surrounding the pandemic's management is essential to unravel and complicate the political pragmatism at play. Within this context, control of the COVID-19 pandemic became politically charged. The World Health Organisation (WHO) turned into the battleground of ideologies and conspiracies where global superpowers constructed and imposed their visions of the world. This article argues that cynicism and power struggles, especially between the global mighties, have undermined the collective efforts to combat the coronavirus pandemic;hence, political ten-sions should be questioned and considered critically in an attempt to re-think ourselves as a global humanity. The study is informed by ideas of power from a critical discourse analysis perspective to examine the semiotics of power and diplomatic tensions that have characterised the global public health crisis in the COVID-19 pandemic, as managed by the WHO . The findings show that politics have profoundly shaped and complicated COVID-19 discourses. This speaks to the imperatives of probing and re-considering these discourses as sites of power struggles in the current context of global public health.

13.
Scandinavian Studies ; 94(3):281-315, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1957896

ABSTRACT

Generating countless websites, books, films, series, and podcasts, and encompassing nearly every major negative event that has taken place since the end of World War II, conspiracies have become a phenomenon that anyone as a citizen and thinking individual has had to cope with in the last few decades, arguably reaching a peak during the Trump presidency, with the rise of QAnon and various conspiracy theories about the current Covid-19 pandemic (Barkun 2017;Amarasingam and Argentino 2020;Mitchell et al. 2020;Uscinski et al. 2020). Not surprisingly, the rise of conspiracy theories has also coincided with an increasing scholarly interest, especially within psychology and the social sciences, although studies of conspiracies in literature and film have also grown in number during the last two decades. Just to mention two famous examples, the same Brown's Inferno (2013) draws upon the long-standing tradition of conspiracy theories related to Dante's Divine Comedy, and the works of William Shakespeare have been subjected to a long series of conspiratorial readings, arguably reaching a peak-at least in a Norwegian context-with Erlend Loe's and Petter Amundsen's mashup of theories about Shakespeare's persona and the coded messages that the English dramatist allegedly left in his texts (Loe and Amundsen 2006). Drawing upon Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari's rejection of a fixed identity in late modern society and cultural production, she makes a clear argument against two main avenues of scholarly interpretation of the play, a Hegelian and Cartesian one: "I argue that Peer Gynt should be understood as expressing a fundamentally non-transcendent world-view" (Rees 2014, 13, 19). [...]according to Rees, Peer Gynt's status as a "national epos" is highly paradoxical, and the play hardly seems to contain a clear-cut "message" or to allow a straightforward interpretation, be it about cultural identity or otherwise.

14.
SSRN; 2020.
Preprint in English | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-341533

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic represents a massive global health crisis. Because the crisis requires large-scale behaviour change and places significant psychological burdens on individuals, insights from the social and behavioural sciences can be used to help align human behavior with the recommendations of epidemiologists and public health experts. Here we discuss evidence from a selection of research topics relevant to pandemics, including work on navigating threats, social and cultural influences on behaviour, science communication, moral decision-making, leadership, and stress and coping. In each section, we note the nature and quality of prior research, including uncertainty and unsettled issues. We identify several insights for effective response to the COVID-19 pandemic, and also highlight important gaps researchers should move quickly to fill in the coming weeks and months.

15.
The Qualitative Report ; 27(7):1316-1340, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1955635

ABSTRACT

The experience of pregnancy and postpartum anxiety disorders results in adverse birth outcomes and the disrupted development of infants and children. Since the COVID-19 Pandemic, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has designated pregnant and postpartum women as more vulnerable to COVID-19 (CDC, 2021), and perinatal mood and anxiety disorders rates have increased. However, research regarding the lived experience of women with postpartum anxiety (PPA) during a global pandemic remains lacking. Using van Manen's hermeneutic phenomenological research method, we interviewed eight women self-identifying as having had PPA during the COVID-19 pandemic. Analysis revealed five themes describing the lived experience of PPA during COVID-19: Wired, Trapped, Lost in Time, No Safety Net, and Doubting Myself. The lived experience of PPA was both mirrored and masked by the lived experience of a global pandemic, exacerbating PPA due to the unknown and constricting nature of the pandemic. These findings suggest the need for future research to include subjective human experiences as pivotal components in creating support practices and a deeper understanding of PPA in the context of unprecedented life events.

16.
RELIGACIÓN. Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades ; 7(31), 2022.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1955634

ABSTRACT

In the city of Machala, it can be observed that the number of street vendors has been increasing after the pandemic caused by Covid-19, so this research aims to analyze the intrinsic motivations that create informal employment in the Ecuadorian city. To carry out this research, the motivations inherent to underemployment were reviewed from the theories of self-determination and informality. The research was descriptive and explanatory using cross-sectional data and a random sample. Surveys were carried out on 300 informal workers located in the busiest sectors in the city of Machala, the information collected was processed with the statistical program SPSS. The results of the surveys allow us to perceive that 67% of people between 18 and 50 years of age are heads of households, the great majority of whom are motivated by unemployment to carry out informal activities, with incomes below the unified basic salary, with lack of studies and with failures or errors at the time of the undertaking. In conclusion, the strongest determinant of intrinsic motivations for informal work is unemployment.Alternate :En la ciudad de Machala se puede observar que la afluencia de vendedores ambulantes ha ido incrementando luego de la pandemia ocasionada por el Covid-19, por lo que la presente investigación tiene como objetivo analizar las motivaciones intrínsecas que crean el empleo informal en la ciudad ecuatoriana. Para realizar esta investigación se revisó las motivaciones inherentes al subempleo desde las teorías de la autodeterminación e informalidad. La investigación fue de tipo descriptiva y explicativa usando datos de corte transversal y con una muestra aleatoria. Se realizaron encuestas a 300 informales que se ubican en los sectores más concurridos en la ciudad de Machala, la información recopilada fue procesada con el programa estadístico SPSS. Los resultados de las encuestas permiten percibir que el 67% de las personas entre los 18 y 50 años de edad son jefes de hogar, motivados en su gran mayoría por el desempleo a realizar actividades informales, con ingresos por debajo del salario básico unificado, con falta de estudios y con fracasos o errores al momento de emprender. En conclusión, el determinante más fuerte de las motivaciones intrínsecas para el trabajo informal, es la desocupación laboral.Alternate :Na cidade de Machala, pode-se observar que o fluxo de vendedores ambulantes vem aumentando após a pandemia causada pelo Covid-19, portanto, esta pesquisa tem como objetivo analisar as motivações intrínsecas que criam empregos informais na cidade equatoriana. A fim de realizar esta pesquisa, as motivações inerentes ao subemprego foram revistas a partir das teorias da autodeterminação e da informalidade. A pesquisa foi descritiva e explicativa utilizando dados transversais e uma amostra aleatória. Foram realizadas pesquisas entre 300 trabalhadores informais localizados nos setores mais movimentados da cidade de Machala, e as informações coletadas foram processadas com o programa estatístico SPSS. Os resultados das pesquisas mostram que 67% das pessoas entre 18 e 50 anos de idade são chefes de família, em sua maioria motivados pelo desemprego para realizar atividades informais, com rendimentos abaixo do salário básico unificado, falta de educação e falhas ou erros no momento do empreendedorismo. Em conclusão, o fator determinante mais forte das motivações intrínsecas para o trabalho informal é o desemprego.

17.
RELIGACIÓN. Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades ; 7(31), 2022.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1955633

ABSTRACT

Ecuador has among its main revenue taxes;however, tax compliance represents a divergence between the state objective of collecting taxes for public investment and people’s willingness to avoid paying taxes. Due to the health crisis caused by Covid-19, tax collection decreased, public debt rose and GDP declined, during this crisis the government decreed, in March 2020, several measures that prevented companies from carrying out their activities normally, facing a weak economy in the process of reactivation. The objective was to analyze the importance of tax compliance for the country and the panorama of SMEs in the city of Cuenca in the context of the Covid-19 global pandemic, considering their income, sources of employment, and income tax caused from the periods 2016 to 2020. For the study, a methodology with a mixed approach was used, descriptive scope from a non-experimental and longitudinal design of group evolution in the SMEs of the canton Cuenca-Ecuador, whose result shows the impact of the pandemic in the first year leading to confinement and strong restrictions such as free movement were imposed, which brought about the socioeconomic effect that affected a third of the population. Therefore, a proposal of generic strategies was established to support tax obligations in order to avoid penalties and strengthen the contribution to the country.Alternate :Ecuador tiene entre sus principales ingresos los impuestos, sin embargo, el cumplimiento tributario representa divergencia entre el objetivo estatal de recaudar impuestos para la inversión pública y la disposición de las personas de obviar el pago de impuestos. Debido a la crisis sanitaria provocada por el Covid-19 la recaudación tributaria decreció, la deuda pública se elevó y el PIB declinó, durante esta situación el gobierno decretó, en marzo del 2020 varias medidas que impidieron a las empresas realizar sus actividades con normalidad, enfrentándose a una economía débil y en proceso de reactivación. El objetivo del presente estudio es analizar la importancia del cumplimiento tributario para el país y el panorama de las Pymes cuencanas en contexto de la pandemia mundial Covid-19, considerando sus ingresos, fuentes de empleo e impuesto a la renta causado de los periodos 2016 al 2020. Para el estudio se empleó una metodología con enfoque mixto, alcance descriptivo desde un diseño no experimental y longitudinal de evolución de grupo en las Pymes del cantón Cuenca (Ecuador), cuyo resultado se desprende el impacto de la pandemia en el primer año llevando al confinamiento y se impusieron fuertes restricciones como la libre circulación, lo que trajo consigo el efecto socioeconómico que afectó a un tercio de la población. Por lo cual, se estableció una propuesta de estrategias genéricas que apoyen a las obligaciones tributarias a fin de que su cumplimiento sea de manera apropiada evitando sanciones y a su vez se fortalezca la contribución al país.Alternate :O Equador tem entre seus principais impostos de renda, no entanto, o cumprimento fiscal representa uma divergência entre o objetivo do Estado de cobrar impostos para investimentos públicos e a vontade das pessoas de evitar o pagamento de impostos. Devido à crise de saúde causada pelo Covid-19, a arrecadação de impostos diminuiu, a dívida pública aumentou e o PIB diminuiu. Durante esta situação, o governo decretou, em março de 2020, várias medidas que impediram as empresas de realizar suas atividades normalmente, enfrentando uma economia fraca no processo de reativação. O objetivo deste estudo é analisar a importância do cumprimento fiscal para o país e as perspectivas para as PMEs em cuenca no contexto da pandemia global Covid-19, considerando sua renda, fontes de emprego e imposto de renda para os períodos de 2016 a 2020. Para o estudo foi utilizada uma metodologia com abordagem mista, de escopo descritivo a partir de um desenho não experimental e longitudinal da evolução do grupo nas PMEs do cantão Cuenca (Equador), cujo resultado mostra o imp cto da pandemia no primeiro ano que levou ao confinamento e foram impostas fortes restrições como a livre circulação, o que trouxe consigo o efeito socioeconômico que afetou um terço da população. Portanto, foi estabelecida uma proposta de estratégias genéricas para apoiar as obrigações fiscais a fim de garantir o cumprimento adequado, evitar penalidades e reforçar a contribuição para o país. Traduzido com a versão gratuita do tradutor - www.DeepL.com/Translator O Equador tem entre seus principais impostos de renda, no entanto, o cumprimento fiscal representa uma divergência entre o objetivo do Estado de cobrar impostos para investimentos públicos e a vontade das pessoas de evitar o pagamento de impostos. Devido à crise de saúde causada pelo Covid-19, a arrecadação de impostos diminuiu, a dívida pública aumentou e o PIB diminuiu. Durante esta situação, o governo decretou, em março de 2020, várias medidas que impediram as empresas de realizar suas atividades normalmente, enfrentando uma economia fraca no processo de reativação. O objetivo deste estudo é analisar a importância do cumprimento fiscal para o país e as perspectivas para as PMEs em cuenca no contexto da pandemia global Covid-19, considerando sua renda, fontes de emprego e imposto de renda para os períodos de 2016 a 2020. Para o estudo foi utilizada uma metodologia com abordagem mista, de escopo descritivo a partir de um desenho não experimental e longitudinal da evolução do grupo nas PMEs do cantão Cuenca (Equador), cujo resultado mostra o impacto da pandemia no primeiro ano que levou ao confinamento e foram impostas fortes restrições como a livre circulação, o que trouxe consigo o efeito socioeconômico que afetou um terço da população. Portanto, foi estabelecida uma proposta de estratégias genéricas para apoiar as obrigações fiscais a fim de garantir o cumprimento adequado, evitar penalidades e reforçar a contribuição para o país.

18.
RELIGACIÓN. Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades ; 6(30), 2021.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1955632

ABSTRACT

The pandemic caused by COVID-19 was inscribed in our bodies and in our senses. The pandemic represented the reconfiguration of our times, rhythms, processes of subjectivation, socialization, and productivity, even the ways of conceiving the world as the cycles of life and the rituals of death. Although this event is due to biological and epidemiological factors, it has also been established as an operator that has produced discourses, practices, imaginations, and desires, where power flows and organizes new rearrangements in the condition of entropy, social terror, and the pandemic risk. The objective of this article was to analyze the new material and immaterial conditions that were reconfigured in civil society during the pandemic period as coping and resistance mechanisms aimed at safeguarding life in the health emergency condition. The first one delves into the ways in which we reconstitute ourselves as subjects, the relationship and organization of bodies with the habitat, and the emergence of new commercial relationships. In the immaterial dimension, discursive aspects such as discriminatory practices, the generation of new affects and the production of subjectivities are analyzed, such gestures and politicities are oriented to the continuity of the sustainability of life, however, they reveal contradictions, deficiencies, discriminatory processes and distinct types of violence that make up a new aseptic society.Alternate :La pandemia provocada por COVID-19 se inscribió en nuestros cuerpos y en nuestros sentidos. Habitar la pandemia representó la reconfiguración de nuestros tiempos, ritmos, procesos de subjetivación, socialización y productividad, formas de concebir el mundo, así como los ciclos de la vida y los rituales de la muerte. Aunque este acontecimiento se debe en gran parte a factores biológicos y epidemiológicos, también se ha constituido como un operador que ha producido discursos, prácticas, imaginarios y deseos, donde el poder fluye y maquina nuevos reordenamientos a la luz de la entropía, el terror social y el riesgo pandémico. En este artículo se tuvo como objetivo analizar los nuevos condicionamientos materiales e inmateriales que se reconfiguraron en la sociedad civil durante el marco temporal pandémico como mecanismos de afrontamiento y resistencia orientados al resguardo de la vida en la condición de emergencia sanitaria. En la dimensión material se profundiza en las formas en cómo nos reconstituimos como sujetos, la relación y organización de los cuerpos con el hábitat, y la emergencia de nuevas relaciones mercantiles. En la dimensión inmaterial se analizan los aspectos discursivos como las prácticas discriminatorias, la generación de nuevos afectos y la producción de subjetividades. Tales gestos y politicidades están orientados a la continuidad de la sostenibilidad de la vida, sin embargo, desocultan contradicciones, deficiencias, procesos discriminatorios y diversos tipos de violencia que confeccionan una nueva sociedad aséptica.Alternate :A pandemia provocada pela COVID-19 foi inscrita em nossos corpos e em nossos sentidos. Habitar a pandemia representou a reconfiguração de nossos tempos, ritmos, processos de subjetivação, socialização e produtividade, formas de conceber o mundo, assim como os ciclos da vida e os rituais da morte. Embora este evento seja em grande parte devido a fatores biológicos e epidemiológicos, ele também se constituiu como um operador que produziu discursos, práticas, imaginários e desejos, onde a energia flui e maquina novos rearranjos à luz da entropia, do terror social e do risco pandêmico. O objetivo deste artigo era analisar os novos fatores materiais e imateriais condicionantes que foram reconfigurados na sociedade civil durante o período da pandemia como mecanismos de enfrentamento e resistência destinados a salvaguardar a vida na emergência sanitária. Na dimensão material, as formas como nos reconstituímos como sujeitos, a relação e organização dos corpos com o habitat e o surgimento de novas relações mercantis são examinados em profundidade. A dimensão imaterial analisa aspectos discursivos, como práticas discriminatórias, a geração de novos efeitos e a produção de subjetividades. Tais gestos e politizações são orientados para a continuidade da sustentabilidade da vida;contudo, revelam contradições, deficiências, processos discriminatórios e vários tipos de violência que criam uma nova sociedade asséptica.

19.
RELIGACIÓN. Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades ; 6(30), 2021.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1955631

ABSTRACT

The control of the pandemic generated by COVID-19 rely, to a large extent, on the disposition that people have or not to comply with the measures ordered by the health authority. In this study, the degrees of rejection and assimilation that different groups of people maintain regarding two types of measures designed to control the pandemic are analyzed: mandatory confinement and modification of daily routines. To do this, the emotions of a sample of 1911 people were evaluated using a questionnaire with Likert response options, an instrument constructed and validated for this research. The results allowed the identification of six emotional profiles with different sociodemographic conditions. In a pole, characterized by experiences of anger, sadness, and distrust in the face of the measures, there is a profile made up of young women, students and with a low level of economic income. At the other pole, characterized by presenting a state of comfort in the face of the pandemic and confidence in the proposed measures, there is a group made up of men, aged between 40 and 69 years, with a high educational level and high economic income. In between, we find four more profiles, with different emotional characteristics and sociodemographic conditions. The results are discussed considering their contribution to the design of non- “homogenizing” public policies for the control of the pandemic.Alternate :El control de la pandemia generada por la COVID-19 pasa, en gran parte, por la disposición que las personas tengan o no para cumplir las medidas dispuestas por la autoridad sanitaria. En el presente estudio se analizan los grados de rechazo y asimilación que diferentes grupos de personas manifiestan acerca de dos tipos de medidas diseñadas para el control de la pandemia: los confinamientos obligatorios y la modificación de las rutinas diarias. Para ello, se evaluaron las emociones de una muestra de 1911 personas mediante un cuestionario con opciones de respuesta Likert, instrumento construido y validado para esta investigación. Los resultados permitieron identificar seis perfiles emocionales asociados a diferentes condiciones sociodemográficas. En un polo, caracterizado por experiencias de rabia, tristeza y desconfianza frente a las medidas, se encuentra un perfil compuesto por mujeres jóvenes, estudiantes y con bajo nivel de ingresos económicos. En el otro polo, caracterizado por presentar comodidad frente al estado de pandemia y confianza frente a las medidas propuestas, se encuentra un grupo conformado por hombres, con edades entre los 40 y 69 años, con un alto nivel educacional y de elevados ingresos económicos. Entre medio, encontramos cuatro perfiles más, con distintas características emocionales y condiciones sociodemográficas. Se discuten los resultados considerando su aporte para el diseño de políticas públicas para el control de la pandemia.Alternate :O controle da pandemia gerada pela COVID-19 depende, em grande parte, da vontade ou da falta de vontade das pessoas em cumprir as medidas ordenadas pelas autoridades sanitárias. Este estudo analisa os graus de rejeição e assimilação que diferentes grupos de pessoas expressam sobre dois tipos de medidas destinadas a controlar a pandemia: o confinamento obrigatório e a modificação das rotinas diárias. Para este fim, as emoções de uma amostra de 1911 pessoas foram avaliadas usando um questionário com opções de resposta Likert, um instrumento construído e validado para esta pesquisa. Os resultados nos permitiram identificar seis perfis emocionais associados a diferentes condições sociodemográficas. Em um pólo, caracterizado por experiências de raiva, tristeza e desconfiança das medidas, há um perfil composto de jovens mulheres, estudantes e com um baixo nível de renda econômica. No outro pólo, caracterizado pelo conforto com o estado da pandemia e confiança nas medidas propostas, está um grupo de homens, com idade entre 40 e 69 anos, com alto nível de educação e alta renda. No meio, encontramos outros quatro erfis, com características emocionais e condições sócio-demográficas diferentes. Os resultados são discutidos em termos de sua contribuição para a concepção de políticas públicas para o controle da pandemia.

20.
RELIGACIÓN. Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades ; 6(30), 2021.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1955630

ABSTRACT

Unemployment is a variable of special attention in the Ecuadorian economy, therefore knowing its evolution is essential to improve the living conditions of the population and the economy in general. A country with a high unemployment rate triggers negative factors such as: poverty, informality, crime, migration, etc. Therefore, this work aims to analyze the growth of unemployment in Ecuador during the period 2010–2021. For this, analytical-historical-descriptive research is carried out, supporting information from various official national sources. The results reflect that the growth of unemployment in the country is more evident in urban areas and in female labor activity. By 2018, the fall in formal employment was already reflected due to the crisis derived from 2014, which gave way to the increase in informal employment or in the last few stays to unemployment, influencing to a greater extent in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. 19. In addition, the increase in taxes, the appreciation of the dollar, lower domestic demand, damage caused by the earthquake are some causes with high relevance in the increase in unemployment.Alternate :El desempleo es una variable de especial atención en la economía ecuatoriana, por ello conocer su evolución es primordial para mejorar las condiciones de vida de la población y de la economía en general. Un país con una elevada tasa de desempleo desencadena factores negativos tales como: pobreza, informalidad, delincuencia, migración, etc. Por lo tanto, este trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar el crecimiento del desempleo en el Ecuador durante el periodo 2010–2021. Para ello se realiza una investigación de tipo analítica-histórica-descriptiva, sustentando la información de varias fuentes oficiales nacionales. Los resultados reflejan que el crecimiento del desempleo en el país es más evidente en la zona urbana y en la actividad laboral femenina. Para el 2018 ya se reflejaba la caída del empleo formal debido a la crisis derivada del 2014, lo cual daba paso al incremento del empleo informal o en últimas estancias al desempleo, situación que se incrementó como efecto de la pandemia pero que, en comparación a los demás países de la región, se ubicó en índices aceptables a pesar de la crisis social y económica experimentada. Además, el aumento de los impuestos, la apreciación del dólar, menor demanda interna, daños causados por el sismo son algunas causas con alta relevancia en el incremento del desempleo.Alternate :O desemprego é uma variável de atenção especial na economia equatoriana, razão pela qual conhecer sua evolução é essencial para melhorar as condições de vida da população e da economia em geral. Um país com uma alta taxa de desemprego desencadeia fatores negativos tais como: pobreza, informalidade, delinqüência, migração, etc. Portanto, este documento tem como objetivo analisar o crescimento do desemprego no Equador durante o período 2010-2021. Para este fim, é realizado um tipo de pesquisa analítico-histórico-descritiva, baseada em informações de várias fontes nacionais oficiais. Os resultados mostram que o crescimento do desemprego no país é mais evidente nas áreas urbanas e na atividade laboral feminina. Em 2018, a queda do emprego formal já se refletia devido à crise derivada de 2014, que deu lugar a um aumento do emprego informal ou, em última análise, do desemprego, uma situação que aumentou como efeito da pandemia, mas que, em comparação com outros países da região, estava localizada em taxas aceitáveis, apesar da crise social e econômica vivida. Além disso, o aumento dos impostos, a valorização do dólar, a menor demanda interna e os danos causados pelo terremoto são algumas das causas do aumento do desemprego. O desemprego é uma variável de atenção especial na economia equatoriana, razão pela qual conhecer sua evolução é essencial para melhorar as condições de vida da população e da economia em geral. Um país com uma alta taxa de desemprego desencadeia fatores negati os tais como: pobreza, informalidade, delinqüência, migração, etc. Portanto, este documento tem como objetivo analisar o crescimento do desemprego no Equador durante o período 2010-2021. Para este fim, é realizado um tipo de pesquisa analítico-histórico-descritiva, baseada em informações de várias fontes nacionais oficiais. Os resultados mostram que o crescimento do desemprego no país é mais evidente nas áreas urbanas e na atividade laboral feminina. Em 2018, a queda do emprego formal já se refletia devido à crise derivada de 2014, que deu lugar a um aumento do emprego informal ou, em última análise, do desemprego, uma situação que aumentou como efeito da pandemia, mas que, em comparação com outros países da região, estava localizada em taxas aceitáveis, apesar da crise social e econômica vivida. Além disso, o aumento dos impostos, a valorização do dólar, a menor demanda interna e os danos causados pelo terremoto são algumas das causas do aumento do desemprego.

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