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2.
Mirovaya Ekonomika I Mezhdunarodnye Otnosheniya ; JOUR(7):5-14, 66.
Article in Russian | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2100641

ABSTRACT

The article analyzes political, social, economic and cultural consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic for French society. The national strategies of the state management of the sanitary crisis that have developed in the world are investigated: the strategy of "zero tolerance to coronavirus";the strategy of free circulation of the virus;the strategy determined by the formula "stop and go". France, like many other Western countries, chose the last one, which implied a combination of harsh measures (lockdown, self-isolation, mandatory vaccination, introduction of sanitary passes) with relaxation caused by the demands of business and society. The increased role of the State in the fight against the pandemic is revealed. The political context of the pandemic crisis settlement is revealed: centralization of power;tight control of the head of state over the activities of the Cabinet of Ministers;dominance of political power over the professional medical community;reduction of the parliament's role. It is shown that under conditions of the sanitary crisis, the process of informatization of production and services accelerated, significant shifts occurred in the labor market, and there was an increase in social and socio-spatial inequality. The problem of the middle class, which continues to fragment, is acute. The pandemic and especially the methods of combating it caused a protest in French society: the French did not just express disbelief in the effectiveness of the vaccine, with their speeches they demonstrated distrust of the authorities and state institutions. The pandemic has shown that France is in dire need of a new social compromise that would take into account not only the interests of global corporations, but also people who have remained beyond the threshold of the information economy. The issue of reviewing the lowest salaries and raising the status of a number of professions is acute.

3.
Mirovaya Ekonomika I Mezhdunarodnye Otnosheniya ; JOUR(5):112-119, 66.
Article in Russian | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2100637

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus pandemic has actualised the "Global Risk Society" concept. The purpose of this article is to examine the emergence of an international decarbonisation regime in terms of the values of the "global risk society" as updated by the coronavirus pandemic. Under the conditions of "new normality", new values that determine the sociopolitical development of society are taking shape. Relying on the "Global Risk Society" theory, the authors derive its emerging values, the emergence of which is associated with the pandemic and its socio-economic effects. Thus, new values include the abandonment of faith in progress and a focus on crisis management (resilience), global solidarity as a key condition for survival, the search for a balance between freedom and security, effective response and regulation, "open innovation" as part of the "global commons", rethinking of the value of consumption, and finally, the value of the climate agenda as a global green imperative comes to the fore. These values are of importance for a global climate agenda as well, which has become more acute during the pandemic. A key actor here is the European Union, which, through its policy of normative power and environmental ethics, is shaping a new international decarbonisation regime as an instrument for realising these values. And this "new ethic" has no national boundaries. Such international regime aims to create a regulatory framework for responding to climate risks that has the potential to profoundly affect global development and lead to a fundamentally new international climate order.

5.
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development ; JOUR:1-16, 22.
Article in English | Africa Wide Information | ID: covidwho-2092542

ABSTRACT

AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT : The food and nutrition security situation in Nigeria is alarming as several factors exacerbate food insecurity in Nigeria. Dubbed as the 'poverty capital of the world,' Nigeria's poverty rates are high. The country's population is over 200 million people, with more than half living below the poverty line. Poverty is closely associated with a lack of dietary diversity, malnutrition, and food insecurity. Volatility in food prices, fluctuations in the local currency's (naira's) value, and high inflation rates pose stress on domestic and imported food prices in Nigeria. Also, prolonged conflicts in Nigeria due to the Boko Haram insurgency and the Islamic State in West Africa Province (ISWAP) have continued to pose a danger and misery to millions of lives - exacerbating food vulnerabilities and social insecurity in the northeastern part of Nigeria. Similarly, farmers and herdsmen's conflicts limit agricultural production and yield. As a result of limited farm production, import bans intended to improve local farm production and favor the local economy have not achieved that purpose. Instead, it has driven up domestic market food prices. Using the UNICEF's framework of malnutrition, this paper discusses factors contributing to food insecurity in Nigeria. Some factors discussed include the continuous conflicts caused by insurgency in northeast Nigeria, high poverty rates, inadequate sanitation facilities, improper food transportation and handling facilities, malnutrition, and the recent burden caused by the COVID-19 pandemic

7.
African Journal of Ecology ; JOUR(2):135-145, 60.
Article in English | Africa Wide Information | ID: covidwho-2092265

ABSTRACT

NATCHA : The COVID-19 outbreak has had considerable negative impacts on the livelihoods and living conditions of communities around the world. Although the source of COVID-19 is still unknown, a widely spread hypothesis is that the virus could be of animal origin. Wild meat is used by rural communities as a source of income and food, and it has been hypothesised that the pandemic might alter their perceptions and use of wild meat. McNamara et al. (2020) developed a causal model hypothesising how the impacts of the pandemic could lead to a change in local incentives for wild meat hunting in sub-Saharan African countries. From February 27 to March 19, 2021, we carried out a survey around the Dja Faunal Reserve, Southeast Cameroon, to test McNamara et al.'s model in practice, using semi-structured questionnaires to investigate the impacts of the COVID-19 outbreak on wild meat hunting and consumption. Our results generally agree with the causal pathways suggested by McNamara et al. However, our study highlights additional impact pathways not identified in the model. We provide revisions to McNamara's model to incorporate these pathways and inform strategies to mitigate the impacts of the pandemic

8.
3rd International Scientific Conference on Innovations in Digital Economy, SPBPU IDE 2021 ; JOUR: 348-355,
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2088905

ABSTRACT

The main trend of modern social development is determined by the fourth industrial revolution, the COVID-19 epidemic and urgent ecological problems. To solve the ecological question there must be synergy of technological innovations, economic improvement and legal support of changes and transformation ideas. This solving involves all public actors. This article considers civil participation and public ecological control in the digital age, as well as the participation of the state in their implementation on the empirical data on eco-activism in Russia: public monitoring of environmental emergencies by WWF Russia, Gazprom Space Systems, Norilsk Nickel Environmental and Climate Change Strategy, Russian Ecological Society, Change.org, Federal resource "Russian public initiative"and others. Analysis shows that two classical models of monitoring and environmental protection systems ("top-down"and "bottom-top") couldn't be realized because of the state passivity and lack of the trust for the civil society. The most effective way of interaction seems the model "civil society + corporations - top". Also, Russia is taking first steps to legal support of eco-activities, but current legislation is still a framework for the future development which also includes: implementation of the necessary regulatory concepts that would correspond to a wide range of social and economic challenges;involvement of all interested parties, vulnerable groups and stakeholders in eco-projects;readiness to review state policy and flexibility. © 2021 ACM.

9.
2022 17th Iberian Conference on Information Systems and Technologies (Cisti) ; JOUR
Article in Spanish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2083598

ABSTRACT

The digital transformation has become the fundamental axis to seek leadership in the market, organizations innovate production processes, but also in the provision of services always seeking to generate positive experiences, faced with this reality, Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) are also included. Universities adapt their management processes, not only in education, but also in applying new communication channels in the provision of services to students, who seek to streamline the relationship with their institution, optimizing resources and response times. It is the responsibility of the directors of HEIs, through their strategies, to move towards a digital culture in which the entire educational community can interact, leaving aside traditional structures applied in management towards students and the general public. The digital transformation in educational organizations is possible and necessary to begin as soon as possible and it will be viable if the teams that have to implement it know in detail the vision and strategy of the university, they know clearly where they want to go and what they want attain [1]. The main objective of this research is to determine the process of digital transformation in which the Universidad Tecnica Particular de Loja (UTPL) is working, the changes obtained as a result of the adaptation of new attention and communication channels in the provision of academic-administrative services, mainly towards his students. The processed data correspond to the collection of information on the use of communication channels used by UTPL students and how the issue of the COVID 19 pandemic influenced the repowering of these relationship media, ratifying the student as the center of its operation.

10.
Asian Education and Development Studies ; JOUR
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2082987

ABSTRACT

Purpose The rapid proliferation of digital devices, population aging, and acceleration of digital technology adoption due to the COVID-19 pandemic have increased the need for information education for older adults to prevent inter-generational conflicts and digital alienation. This study aims to analyze the information technology (IT) education programs provided to older adults by age group, considering their heterogeneity. Design/methodology/approach This study identifies IT education programs provided by public institutions in Seoul and target age groups (50 and above) through a survey using triangulation, which were then sorted and summarized into 27 keywords. Correspondence analysis was conducted using the keywords derived for the programs and age groups. Findings IT education programs in the age group 60 and above accounted for 75.2% of the programs offered, which increased to 90% when including those aged 55 and above. Particularly, the perceptual map created based on relationship correlations indicates which IT education program keywords matched each age group. The Seoul Metropolitan Government primarily offered these programs for older adults aged 60 and above, with 5-7.5 times more education programs for those aged 60 and above than for those aged 50 and above or 55 and above. Therefore, IT education must be more evenly provided to more diverse age groups among older adults to reflect the current situation. Originality/value This study contributes to the literature by proposing a future direction for IT education of older adults. Moreover, it has implications for the direction of IT education to target various age groups in IT education programs, thus enabling older adults to effectively enhance their digital literacy skills during the rapid digitalization caused by COVID-19.

11.
SSRN;
Preprint in English | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-346249

ABSTRACT

The Covid-19 shocked the world upon its existence at the end of 2019. The virus which primarily attacks the respiratory tract, which can lead to death, was first discovered in the city of Wuhan Hubei, province in China. The Covid-19 pandemic outbreak has drastically changed human lifestyle across the world. Most noticeable amongst them is in the economic and livelihood activities, where people are now discouraged or even prohibited to congregate, while social distancing and wearing protective protective masks, effectively reducing economic activities. Apart from the economic impact the virus has on human activity, the virus has also impacted religious rituals, as people must follow health protocols and adjust certain community-based rituals to home-based. This has been the starting point of change in the Muslim religious activities. In the fiqh literature, this form of leniency in worship is referred to as rukshah, which literally means relief or leniency. The following article is about how the community lifestyles and religious practices have had to adapt due to the Covid-19 pandemic. The findings of this study shall be a contribution in Islamic sociology, which seeks to take a snapshot of the conditions of society in adapting to life during the pandemic and an analysis of Islamic community life patterns after the Covid-19 pandemic

12.
Health Serv Res Manag Epidemiol ; 9: 23333928221129975, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2079367

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate local perceptions of the causes and prevention of the COVID-19 pandemic in Guji Society, West Guji Zone, Bule Hora district. Methods: The researcher conducted a qualitative study using in-depth interviews and key informant interviews, focus group discussions, and case study with 46 informants, of which 22 were women and 24 were men. The informants were recruited using purposive sampling. The data was analyzed by qualitative description. Results: The findings indicate the wrath of Waaqaa (God), evil spirit attacks, Gadaa party's omen, the virus, and unknown forces are thought to be the causes of the virus. The local amelioration and prevention mechanisms reported by the informants were rituals of praying for God's mercy and social distancing, along with using face-masks, keeping hygiene, and getting vaccines. Conclusion: The local community's perceptions about the COVID-19 pandemic's causes and prevention methods are based on myths, assumptions, and belief systems that contradict medical science concepts and prevention methods. As a result, this scenario would result in potential risk factors like susceptibility to the virus, severe health complications, and psychological and socio-economic adverse impacts.

13.
Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine ; 7(4), 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070711

ABSTRACT

Introduction/Purpose Adjuvant endocrine therapy significantly improves survival in women with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer and is typically administered for 5 yr or longer. Adverse treatment side effects, including arthralgias, reduce treatment adherence and physical activity levels. Aerobic and resistance exercise is one strategy to decrease treatment side effects and improve treatment adherence. This study aimed to explore the feasibility of a virtually delivered exercise program for women receiving adjuvant endocrine therapy as part of breast cancer treatment. Methods This is a single-arm pilot study with recruitment by self-referral or oncologist referral of female breast cancer survivors. To adapt to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) restrictions, a supervised strength and aerobic group exercise program was delivered virtually twice weekly via Zoom over 6 wk. Feasibility was evaluated based on a priori targets specific to program recruitment (>30% recruitment ratio), transition to virtual delivery (>75%), attendance (>70% virtual session attendance), attrition (<30% dropout), and fidelity of group belongingness (average score >= 15 on belongingness questionnaire) at the end of the program. Physical function (30-s chair stand test), quality of life RAND Short-Form 36-item test, and medication adherence (Voils Domains of Subjective Extent of Nonadherence) were assessed at baseline and 6 wk. Results A total of 24 participants completed the program. All feasibility measures were met. Statistically significant changes were found in physical function (P < 0.001), self-reported energy/fatigue (P < 0.001), emotional well-being (P < 0.001), and pain (P = 0.01). There was also a positive trend toward improvement in patient-reported medication adherence (17%). Conclusion A 6-wk supervised strength and aerobic group exercise intervention delivered virtually was feasible and improved physical function, energy/fatigue, emotional well-being, and pain. The trend toward improvement in adherence to adjuvant endocrine therapy should be explored further. These findings provide preliminary data to inform a future appropriately powered trial on exercise and physical function using a virtual platform that has the potential for greater reach.

14.
East European Politics ; : 1-22, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070044

ABSTRACT

Is Covid-19 undermining European democracies? Recent scholarship overlooks the fact that most pandemic-related erosions of democracy can be attributed to illiberal inertia long in place before 2019. Did the democratic decay occur during the pandemic or due to the pandemic? We analyse the extent to which pandemic power grabs succeeded and failed in Europe with special attention to the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia. The executive power of the purse was an opportunity to abuse state resources. Governments that engage in the "pandemic heist" with impunity can be directly linked to a power grab due to the pandemic.

15.
Humanit Soc Sci Commun ; 9(1): 351, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2069925

ABSTRACT

DGmap is an online interactive tool that visualises indicators drawn from large-scale European and international databases reflecting the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) amongst children and young individuals in Europe. A large number of indicators are estimated and visualised on an interactive map revealing convergences and divergences amongst European countries. Apart from its main feature, that of facilitating users to observe discrepancies between countries, the map offers the potentiality of downloading or customising country reports, information concerning the estimation of the indices and their values as spreadsheets, while covering a period from 2015 and onwards. DGmap also allows users to examine the evolution of each indicator through time for each country individually. Thus, the presented tool is a dynamic and constantly updated application that can serve as a major source of information for those interested in the use of digital technologies by children, adolescents, and young people in Europe.

16.
JAAD Case Rep ; 30: 35-37, 2022 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2069299
17.
FWU Journal of Social Sciences ; 16(3):120-131, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2067726

ABSTRACT

India is one of the countries with the highest number of kids under the age of 18 years. This paper adds value in understanding the usage in the current covid scenario. The research objectives for the current study are to examine how young kids in India use their time on internet for varied purposes, to study how young kids find the websites that are of interest to them and to examine how young kids obtain information about sensitive issues. A cross-sectional web survey was conducted to examine the various aspects of the use of the Internet and traditional media (television/radio/magazines/newspapers/billboards) among kids in India. Data was collected through a structured questionnaire. The sampling method used in the study was purposive sample (522 kids). Internet emerged as the first choice of media for kids for all the nine selected activities that include homework, shopping, restaurant/food-ordering, travel and tour, information search, health related information, weather forecast, entertainment, and news/current events. Girl respondents as compared to boys have consumed Internet at a higher rate for learning about the fashion (trends) and health related issues such as seeking preventative health care and specific information about medical issues.

18.
Insan ve Toplum ; 12(1):22-36, 2022.
Article in Turkish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2067236

ABSTRACT

Yoğun olarak geç modernlikle birlikte gündeme gelen risk faktörü her geçen gün artan COVID-19 salgınıyla bütün dünyanın baş etmek zorunda kaldığı bir olgu haline gelmiştir. Geçmişte toplumların kendi içlerinde yaşadıkları ve diğer toplumların genelde daha çok etkilendiği pek çok durum, gelenek sonrası süreci köklü şekilde değiştirmiştir. Bu tür yaklaşımlar, COVID-19 yayılmadan önce çoğunlukla birer teori niteliğinde iken şimdi somut bir hal almıştır. Bu anlamda, yeni dünya düzeninde bir toplumun yaşadığı risk bütün toplumlar için risk teşkil etmektedir ve bu riskle baş etmek de kaçınılmaz olarak bütün toplumların sorunu olmaktadır. Riskin bu kadar gündemde olduğu bu süreçte sosyal iletişim ağları, karşılıklı güven, sosyal destek, toplumsal bütünleşme, toplumsal uyum, toplumsal aidiyet olarak karşılık bulan sosyal sermaye ile risk arasında doğrusal olmayan bir ilişkiden sözedilebilir. Pandemik risk insanları hastalık, yalnızlık, ölüm gibi pek çok sorunlarla her zamankinden daha yoğun olarak karşı karşıya getirmiştir. Birçok insan bu sorunlarla baş etmede sıkıntı yaşamıştır. Bu çalışma COVID-19 ile gündeme gelen pandemik riski ve sosyal sermaye olgusunu birlikte ele almaktadır. Çalışmanın amacı riskle baş etme noktasında sosyal sermaye düzeyinin etkilerine dikkat çekmek ve olumlu olmsuz yönlerine değinmektir. Bu çalışma COVID 19 pandemisinden kaynaklanan uluslararası riskin hesaplanamazlığı ve belirsizliği nedeniyle kısa sürede önemli olumsuz etkilere ve sonuçlara yol açtığı sonucuna ulaşmıştır. Bu durumla baş edebilme noktasında ülkelerin sadece kendi içlerinde değil, ama aynı zamanda diğer ülkelerle de iş birliği içinde olmaları gerektiği görülmüştür. Pandemi riskleri ile sosyal sermaye arasında doğrusal olmayan bir ilişkinin olduğu sonucuna da ulaşılmıştır. Having come to the fore intensely with late modernity risk factors have become a phenomenon the whole world has had to go through with the non-stop spread of the COVID-19 pandemic. Many situations societies had experienced that had generally affected other societies more in the past have radically changed this state in the post-traditional process. These approaches which had been theories before the spread of COVID-19 have become concrete. In this sense, the risk a society experiences in the new world order poses a risk for all societies, and dealing with this risk inevitably becomes the problem of all societies. In this process where risk is on the agenda, a non-linear relationship can be said to exist between risk and social capital, which corresponds to social communication networks, mutual trust, social support, social integration, social cohesion, and social belonging. Pandemic risks have brought people face to face with more intense problems than ever before such as illness, loneliness, and death. Many people have had trouble coping with these anomalies. This study deals with the pandemic risks that have come to the fore with COVID-19 and the phenomenon of social capital. The aims of the study are to draw attention to the effects social capital levels have on coping with risk and to mention their positive and negative aspects. The study has reached the result that the international risk resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic has caused significant negative effects and results in a short time due to its incalculability and uncertainty. In terms of coping with this situation, the need is seen to cooperate not only intra-nationally but also internationally. The result has also been reached that a non-linear relationship exists between pandemic risks and social capital.

19.
Revista Argentina de Cardiologia ; 88(5):464-466, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067186
20.
Journal of Physical Education and Sport ; 22(7):1570-1580, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2067179

ABSTRACT

Background: Nowadays, there is great concern about gender inequality in many areas of the recent scenario;an aspect that is being pursued through the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), exactly through SDG 5;cooperative learning seems to be one of the ways to achieve gender equality in secondary school students. It is essential to investigate new methodologies to try to curb many of the problems that have been active for many years, and it is crucial to promote and encourage these values in society at the educational stages. However, there is still not enough research that has been carried out on this subject, so there is still much to learn. Therefore, the aim of this research is to analyse whether the effect of a didactic unit of Physical Education through cooperative learning shows improvements in the attitudes of coeducation in secondary school students. Method: A total of 131 secondary school students (74 females), with a mean age of 14.46 ± 0.64 years, carried out the study. A quasi-experimental, pre-post study was carried out using a control and experimental group. The sample was not randomised. For 5 weeks, the control group maintained normal Physical Education sessions, following a more traditional methodology based on direct command. Results: The experimental group, on the other hand, carried out the 5 sessions of the didactic unit based on the cooperative learning methodology, through mixed groupings. To assess the normality of the sample, the Kolmogorov Smirnov test was used to confirm that the sample was non-parametric. To measure the effect of the intervention, Mann Whitney and Wilcoxon tests were performed. The statistics showed that the experimental group was significantly higher than the control in two of its factors in the pre, but no significant differences were shown in the post. Conclusions: These findings do not verify the main objective of the study, perhaps as a consequence of the quantitative difference of the samples between groups and between stages (pre-post), or as a consequence of insufficient or erroneous programming. Finally, it would be interesting to evaluate the same results by segmenting by gender to see if more significant differences are shown.

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