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1.
Forced Migration Review ; 67:33-35, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2046152

ABSTRACT

Significant variations in access to fundamental public health services during the COVID-19 epidemic have been revealed by recent study conducted in a number of different nations. States have an obligation to apply what they have learned from the present pandemic to remove existing obstacles. In many aspects, the COVID-19 pandemic fostered cooperation across nations and within communities in an effort to address dangers to the public's health and lessen the socioeconomic effects of the virus. Some good practices have emerged as a result of extensive advocacy and engagement with governments by a variety of actors. These include expanding free access to COVID-19 testing, treatment, and vaccines for all migrants, regardless of status, and allowing stranded migrants and those without visas to access basic services. They must consider the impact of this extraordinary situation and global public health emergency on those who continue to face barriers to accessing basic services, such as COVID-19 vaccines, as well as how this intersects with both individual and public health, even though these policy developments are to be welcomed, championed, and replicated. Public health initiatives could be jeopardized by enduring access impediments as well as fresh difficulties brought on by movement restrictions and lockdowns. National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies conducted the study in eight nations: Australia, Colombia, Egypt, Ethiopia, the Philippines, Sudan, Sweden, and the UK (and data from the Sahel region was also taken into consideration). The findings suggest that, in order to end the pandemic and guarantee that everyone has the chance to receive assistance in a respectful and supportive manner, inclusive approaches for connecting with and supporting migrants and refugees must be incorporated into national and local pandemic preparedness, response, and recovery plans. Public health hazards will persist if inclusive policies are not accompanied by operational guidelines to overcome barriers in practice.

2.
Journal of ISSAAS ; 28(1):152-153, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2044831

ABSTRACT

Prior to the pandemic, agri-tourism was on its rise in the Philippines. It is known as a fusion of Agriculture and tourism, linked to other sectors, including hospitality and transportation. However, travel bans and other restrictions amid the COVID-19 pandemic have adversely affected tourism. This study aimed to describe the pandemic effects on agri-tourism enterprises in the province of La Union, Philippines, and their adaptation strategies. A survey of 16 enterprises was conducted in May 2021. Descriptive and content analysis was employed to analyze the data and information gathered. The pandemic was found to have significantly affected the enterprises' marketing function, resulting in financial losses and adjustments to their business models. Their adaptation strategies were categorized as either survival or sustaining. Survival strategies were the farms' initial coping mechanisms like shifting to a new market, lowered prices, and switching to online marketing. On the other hand, sustaining strategies were also known as long-term solutions like diversification and expansion. The enterprises that adopted both strategies had wider offerings and possessed more than one accreditation. It is recommended that agri-tourism enterprises continue strategizing as the pandemic remains a threat. They should consider employing sustaining strategies for post-pandemic.

3.
Journal of Henan Normal University Natural Science Edition ; 49(6):228-235, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040776

ABSTRACT

This study describes the need to develop and take steps to build Inquiry-Based Social Science Digital Books to improve vocational high school students' critical thinking. This type of research is a case study approach whose data sources are data from class X Vocational High School Students and History Teachers. The data collection methods used observation, interviews, and documentation. Data analysis used the interactive flow analysis technique, which consisted of data reduction, display, and verification. Based on the results of field observations, the study results showed that student learning outcomes through Distance Learning (PJJ) History during the COVID-19 pandemic were still low. Based on the initial comments in six vocational schools in Sukoharjo Regency, it was found that social studies teachers had difficulties delivering history social studies material to students. As a result, students have difficulty in understanding the subject matter, impacting low learning outcomes. From the interviews conducted, information was obtained that teachers were less skilled at integrating social studies learning using digital book teaching media. Hence, developing an inquiry-based historical, and social studies digital book is still necessary to improve students' critical thinking.

4.
Journal of Indonesian Tourism and Development Studies ; 10(1):8-14, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040580

ABSTRACT

This second-term research examined the dynamics of Bancakan Salak cultural tourism after being hit by the COVID-19 pandemic. Knowing how the tourism strategy was implemented in the times of pandemic and what were the tips to be able to survive in this limited condition were two interesting things this article studied. Like many other tourist attractions, Bancakan Salak cultural tourism was also affected by the pandemic. Yet, as previous research has concluded, Galengdowo's local society had three essential traditional values reflected in Bancakan Salak cultural tourism that helped them to get through this situation. These three values were collectivism, gratitude, and almsgiving. These three values also created further key concepts in responding to the pandemic, the importance of resilience, and innovation. Using qualitative method (in-depth interview) combined with the observation participatory method, and also ABCD (asset-based community development), this article highlighted the crucial role of human basic needs resilience and socio-cultural resilience. Because in the era of globalization nowadays, connectivity had proven could be substituted by collectivism, gratitude, almsgiving, and other traditional values that hold tight the element of togetherness. This article also highlighted the role played by cultural assets and personal assets to build villages' capacity. In the end, Bancakan Salak and its tourism industry in Galengdowo was hit by the pandemic and Galengdowo's local society responded with resilience and innovation.

5.
Dental Journal ; 55(2):99-104, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040549

ABSTRACT

Background: The global epidemic of COVID-19 has reached an emergency status in the health system, including dentistry. The dentist profession is inseparable from the possibility of direct or indirect contact with microorganisms in the patient's blood or saliva. National and international dental associations, such as Persatuan Dokter Gigi Indonesia and the American Dental Association, have published practice protocols that must be applied by dentists who choose to continue practicing during the COVID-19 pandemic. Dentists' knowledge of practice protocols in the current situation is very important, as it enables dentists to take infection control measures against virus transmission in the dental practice environment. Strong knowledge can have a positive impact on the psychological state of dentists, such as by reducing the anxiety level of dentists when treating patients during the pandemic. Purpose: To determine the correlation between the level of knowledge of dentists regarding practice protocols and the level of anxiety that they face regarding practicing during the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia.

6.
IDS Working Paper Institute for Development Studies ; 572:1-50, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040536

ABSTRACT

This study explored how measures to curtail the spread of the coronavirus (Covid-19) in Vietnam affected the livelihoods and food and nutrition security of internal migrant workers. While Vietnam has made impressive progress towards food security in the past decades, marginalised groups of people such as ethnic minorities and migrants continue to face significant challenges. The project team investigated how the pandemic affected the precarity of these groups' income-generating opportunities and how the level of income generated affected the quality, as well as the quantity, of food consumed by migrant workers in Hanoi, the capital, and the Bac Ninh province, which hosts large industrial zones. Our research shows that income for migrant workers significantly reduced as a result of Covid-19-related lockdown measures. Almost half of the respondents were considered to be either moderately or severely food insecure. Financial support provided by the government hardly reached migrant workers because of the registration system required to receive unemployment benefits. To reduce the vulnerability of migrant workers, we conclude that: Short-term crisis responses need to focus on providing nutritious, healthy, and ample food to migrant workers;Policies that impose minimum standards of living need to be effectively enforced;The coverage of existing social safety nets by the government needs to be expanded;and A radical reform of labour law is needed to improve labour rights for migrant workers.

7.
Fiziceskoe Vospitanie Studentov ; 1:51-57, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040471

ABSTRACT

Background and Study Aim. The COVID - 19 pandemic has post threats on the physical and mental fitness of the people. Thus, the study determined the effectiveness of home quarantine - based rhythmic exercises to the fitness level of the university students in physical education. Material and Methods. University students were the participants of the study. 200 student populations who were taking physical education subject in the year 2020 were considered. Quasi - experimental research design was employed and 96 participants between the age bracket of 18 - 26 (74 females & 22 males) were chosen using simple random sampling in determining the population size of the study. SPSS program was used in the analysis in the obtained data. Results. The result shown that there is a significant difference between the pre - test and post - test results in the fitness level of the participants in body mass index (T= -3.482, p < .001), cardiovascular endurance (T= -4.193, p < .000), flexibility (T= -6.279, p <.000), muscular endurance (T= -9.553, p <.000), and muscular strength (T= -7.569, p < .000) performing the home quarantine-based rhythmic exercises. Conclusion. Further, it is concluded that engaging in two (2) months home quarantine - based rhythmic exercises from 30 minutes to 1 hour with moderate to vigorous intensity augment the physical fitness level of an individual. Moreover, it is recommended to put vision accounts in strengthening the inclusion of home quarantine - based rhythmic exercises in teaching physical education either in synchronous and asynchronous in teaching - learning process.

8.
PLoS Global Public Health ; 2(8), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2039236

ABSTRACT

The international tourist destination of Bali reported its first case of Coronavirus Disease 2019 or COVID-19 in March 2020. To better understand the extent of exposure of Bali's 4.3 million inhabitants to the COVID-19 virus, we performed two repeated cross-sectional serosurveys stratified by urban and rural areas. We used a highly specific multiplex assay that detects antibodies to three different viral antigens. We also assessed demographic and social risk factors and history of symptoms. Our results show that the virus was widespread in Bali by late 2020, with 16.73% (95% CI 12.22-21.12) of the population having been infected by that time. We saw no differences in seroprevalence between urban and rural areas, possibly due to extensive population mixing, and similar levels of seroprevalence by gender and among age groups, except for lower seroprevalence in the very young. We observed no difference in seroprevalence between our two closely spaced surveys. Individuals reporting symptoms in the past six months were about twice as likely to be seropositive as those not reporting symptoms. Based upon official statistics for laboratory diagnosed cases for the six months prior to the survey, we estimate that for every reported case an additional 52 cases, at least, were undetected. Our results support the hypothesis that by late 2020 the virus was widespread in Bali, but largely undetected by surveillance.

9.
PLoS Global Public Health ; 2(8), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2039226

ABSTRACT

The Joint External Evaluation (JEE) assesses national capacities to implement the International Health Regulations (IHR). Previous studies have found that higher JEE scores are associated with fewer communicable disease deaths. But given the impact of COVID-19 in many countries, including those believed to have developed IHR capacities, the validity of the JEE for pandemic preparedness has been questioned. We constructed univariable and multivariable linear regression models to investigate the relationship between JEE scores and (i) deaths from communicable diseases before the pandemic and (ii) deaths from COVID-19. We adjusted for country differences in age, health system access, national wealth, health expenditure, democratic governance, government restrictions, pre-pandemic tourist arrivals and testing capacity (estimated by test positivity rates). For COVID-19 deaths, we calculated cumulative deaths per 100,000 at 3, 6 and 12 months into the pandemic. A total of 91 countries were included, with a median JEE score of 50%. On multivariable linear regression the association between JEE scores and log COVID-19 deaths was significant and positive at 3 months (ss 0.05, p = 0.02), becoming statistically non-significant, at 6 (ss 0.02, p = 0.27) and 12 months (ss -0.03, p = 0.19), while the association with log communicable disease deaths was significant and negative (ss -0.03, p = 0.003). A higher Stringency Index was significantly associated with higher log COVID-19 deaths at 3 (ss 0.04, p = 0.003) and 6 (ss 0.04, p = 0.001) months, but not at 12 months (ss 0.02, p = 0.08). Higher test positivity rates were associated with higher log COVID-19 deaths at all time points, at least partially attenuating the positive association between Stringency Index and log COVID-19 deaths. While universal health coverage indices (ss -0.04 p<0.001) and international tourist arrivals were associated with log communicable disease deaths (ss 0.02, p = 0.002), they were not associated with log COVID-19 deaths. Although the same tool is used to assess capacities for both epidemics and pandemics, the JEE may be better suited to small outbreaks of known diseases, compared to pandemics of unknown pathogens.

10.
International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management ; 34(10):3553-3587, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2037666

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This study aims to simultaneously examine the influence of demographic, psychographic and situational factors on consumers' willingness to pay a price premium (WTPp) for robotic restaurants and to profile market segments based on consumers' WTPp levels (positive, neutral and negative). Design/methodology/approach: Using an online survey, the data were gathered from a sample of 897 Thai consumers who had dined at a robotic restaurant in the past 12 months. Structural equation modeling, chi-square tests and the one-way analysis of variance were used for data analysis. Findings: Demographic (gender, age, income and marital status), psychographic (perceived advantages/disadvantages, personal innovativeness and personality traits) and situational factors (perceived health risk and self-protection behavior) significantly influence consumers' WTPp for robotic restaurants. The positive price premium group differs significantly from the neutral and negative price premium groups in terms of demographic, psychographic and situational profiles. Practical implications: The findings of this study help restaurateurs target the correct customers and set up appropriate price fences to safeguard profits and maximize return on investment. Originality/value: This study contributes to the literature on technology-based services and hospitality by heeding the calls made by Ivanov and Webster (2021) and providing much-needed empirical evidence of possible changes in consumers' WTPp for robot-delivered services in restaurants due to COVID-19.

11.
IOP Conference Series : Earth and Environmental Science ; 10, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2037331

ABSTRACT

Sleman Regency, known as the Student City, is greatly affected by the mobility restriction policy which results in a gradual emptying process of boarding houses, so there is an urgency for regional studies regarding the impact of the pandemic on the livelihoods of boarding house business actors in Sleman Regency. In addition, there is no latest policy from the regency government to overcome the said impact other than the policy of implementing health protocols. Hence, the study focuses on the living conditions and livelihood strategies of boarding house entrepreneurs who are heavily affected by the Covid-19 pandemic. The paper aimed to look at two points of view, namely the bottom-up approach to see the affected objects related to changes in the livelihood strategies of boarding house entrepreneurs during the Covid-19 pandemic and the response of business actors in dealing with shock due to the pandemic;and the top-down approach to see the parties who have legal authority by conducting a critical study of the policies at the regency level related to boarding house business actors before and during the Covid-19 pandemic. This research found that there were changes in the assets and livelihood strategies of entrepreneurs which varied following the capacity of the boarding house entrepreneur. Whereas based on a top-down point of view;despite the change in social assistance policies in terms of the type of assistance, targets, and the amount of assistance provided before and during the Covid-19 pandemic;there is no social assistance that is directed specifically to boarding house business actors.

12.
IOP Conference Series : Earth and Environmental Science ; 21, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2037327

ABSTRACT

In order to respond to the increasing number of COVID-19 cases, the government created the Jogja Pass mobile application for screening and tracing as well as supporting the implementation of smart city in Special Region of Yogyakarta. This study aims to identify the utilization of the Jogja Pass, analyze the impact of the Jogja Pass in handling COVID-19, and identify obstacles in the utilization of the Jogja Pass for the application development purposes. This study employed quantitative descriptive and qualitative descriptive methods. The primary data were obtained from in-depth interviews with relevant institutions and through questionnaires to the public. The secondary data were obtained through recapitulation of application data. The results indicated that the users of the Jogja Pass are spread throughout the region of Yogyakarta and it is used at 113 public area points. The Jogja Pass has positive impact on the users and becomes one of the SOPs for health protocols in several public areas. The obstacles in the development of the Jogja Pass include limited human resources and funds, dishonesty of users in filling out the screening test, and the Jogja Pass has been taken down from the Android Play Store.

13.
IOP Conference Series : Earth and Environmental Science ; 10, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2037317

ABSTRACT

Electricity in Bali majorly is supplied by power plants in Java which use fossil-fuelled. With petroleum and coal reserves to run out by 2025, Bali Government has issued Governor Ordinance No. 45/2019 concerning clean energy in encouraging Balinese to use rooftop solar photovoltaic (PV). As backboned tourism industry, Bali has drastically been declining due to COVID-19 causing most hotels and their supporting industries closed, the government then has changed the orientation from urban tourism to rural tourism. This paper proposes rooftop solar PV power plant program in the tourism village representing all 8 regencies and 1 municipality (Sudaji in Buleleng, Catur and others in Bangli, Tenganan in Karangasem, Kerta in Gianyar, Blimbingsari in Jembrana, Paksebali in Klungkung, Bongan in Tabanan, Bongkasa in Badung, and Sanur Kauh in Denpasar). Recent studies show huge potential for solar energy in Bali and the program is aligned with Sustainable Development Goals (Bali SDGs). The study elaborates problems in implementing the program since solar PV is still new and traditions could hinder the people in the tourism village to utilize it. Behaviour approach must be explored to make the program can be successfully done.

14.
IOP Conference Series : Earth and Environmental Science ; 33, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2037315

ABSTRACT

The quick response of contaminants from various sources and the extensive deterioration of rivers' water quality may harm our biodiversity, aquatic creatures, and environment. The depletion of this river water quality can be caused by both natural and manmade factors and this condition will jeopardize its use for many human uses and may harm the residents' health. Our concerning phenomenon prompted this investigation to study the primary pollutant source in two rivers near Gebeng. A total of ten sampling stations from both Balok and Tunggak Rivers were selected and physicochemical parameters reading were measured monthly afore and in COVID-19 Pandemic spread in Malaysia from March 2019 to October 2020. Later, the Cluster and Principal Component Analysis (CA and PCA) were applied. CA grouped the ten sampling stations into three clusters which are upstream areas that were considered as most polluted. PCA yields only four significant components that represented 90.68% of the total variability. The findings of this study can provide useful information regarding the current state of river water quality in the Gebeng area, and the proposed method can be used as a strategy for sustaining the use of water resources in support of long-term development goals.

15.
Field Exchange Emergency Nutrition Network ENN ; 67:40-42, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034248

ABSTRACT

The objectives of this study were to (1) describe the family-centred MUAC pilot programme, and (2) describe the accuracy of MUAC measurements by caregivers and CHVs during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. The programme employed a train-thetrainer model. First, the CHVs received orientation from the PHC health workers on how to train caregivers;CHVs were provided with MUAC tapes and information, education and communication materials for distribution to caregivers. Then, CHVs were responsible for training and mentoring five to12 nearby caregivers either online or in-person based on an existing list of children under the age of five years who lived within their area of operation. Screening resulted in 2,249 children being referred to PHCs, including 1,684 children screened by CHVs and 565 by caregivers, for confirmation of their wasting diagnosis. Of these, less than half (42%) of children visited a PHC as instructed with a higher proportion of children screened by caregivers (86%) visiting the PHC compared to those referred by CHVs (27%). This trend was largely driven by differences in attendance among children in Kupang District;in this peri-urban setting, only 26% of children referred by CHVs attended the health centres compared to 87% of children referred by caregivers. Attendance was more comparable among CHVs (100%) and caregivers (86%) in Kupang Municipality. Therefore, given the accuracy of caregiver screening, continuing the family-centred MUAC screening programme beyond the COVID-19 pandemic warrants consideration. Future work should aim to better understand the differences in attendance between caregivers and CHV referrals in order to address any barriers to case confirmation.

16.
International Journal of Public Health Research ; 11(1):1326-1328, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034206

ABSTRACT

The first coronavirus disease 2019(Covid-19) in Malaysia was first detected on the 25th of January 2020. Numbers remained low until March where local clusters began to sprout. This rapid rise was alarming to the Ministry of Health Malaysia (MOH) and Movement Control Order (MCO) was declared on the 18th of March 2020 to flatten the curve. As Malaysia enters the fourth phase of MCO, the country has over six thousand cases of COVID-19 with over a hundred fatalities. Efforts within the MCO entails social distancing, increasing testing capacity and isolation. This combination of measures led to Malaysia being recognised to have one of the lowest death rate and highest recovery rate exceeding 50% of total cases.

17.
CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets ; 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2033653

ABSTRACT

This report highlights the achievements in 2021 of the CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM). PIM had a productive final year centered on synthesizing and packaging findings to consolidate the program's legacy while continuing to respond to demand related to the impacts of COVID-19 and preparing the transition to the new CGIAR portfolio. Among other achievements, PIM findings and engagement contributed to Myanmar's response to COVID-19, South Africa's policies on resilience to climate change, Tunisia's policies for pastoral development, a reform of Nigeria's national agricultural research system, Ghana's fish seed and farm certification system, gender strategies for three agricultural value chains in Honduras, and genome editing guidelines for the agricultural sector in four African countries. PIM research informed policy documents of FAO, IFAD, One CGIAR, the UK Government, the World Bank and the World Food Programme. PIM tools enabled more equitable co-management of 76 protected areas in Peru and informed World Bank social protection projects.

18.
IOP Conference Series : Earth and Environmental Science ; 912, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2033643

ABSTRACT

These proceedings contain papers on the knowledge and experience on mainstreaming natural resources and product research and sustainable development. The main theme of the 3rd ICONART is Natural Resources and Technology for Industry and Community with a sub-theme focusing on adaptation and innovation research on sustainable natural resources and technology during Covid 19 pandemic.

19.
Journal of Henan Normal University Natural Science Edition ; 49(6):74-86, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2026897

ABSTRACT

Public health law is a legal concept not only regulating the provision of health services but also improving the quality of life and extending access to the service for the public members. Covid-19 opens access to health services for the people, and it serves as an indispensable part in the survival of the people, including the vulnerable people of adat law. This research aims to analyze the degree of success in implementing public health law in Tenganan Pegrisingan village-Bali in the scope of preparedness or response to the pandemic. This research employed socio-legal methods involving interviews, observation, and focus group discussion (FGD). Primary data were collected from interviews and FGD, involving the participation of the traditional chief, village head, and other adat figures in Tenganan Pegringsingan-Bali. The research analysis required a descriptive-qualitative approach. This research sees how the tenganan Pagringsingan tribe clings on to their sovereignty to survive and respond to the Covid-19 pandemic without leaving their framework governed by international and national laws. It leads to the research result revealing that the public health law in Tenganan Pegrisingan adat village combines traditional and modern elements and spiritual and science. This approach can set a model for other village communities. The leadership role of adat people that are inherent, strong, and obeyed has made public health law more properly managed and more effective in dealing with the pandemic. The supportive policy framework that is harmonized at all international, national, and regional levels and all over adat villages is a prerequisite to help maximize the potential of tribal public health system innovation.

20.
Journal of Henan Normal University Natural Science Edition ; 49(4):151-163, 2022.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2026895

ABSTRACT

Consumer behavior has changed during the Covid-19 pandemic in all spheres of life. In Malaysia, there was a surge in e-commerce, a preference to buy essential goods from trusted brands while being cautious with spending. During the pandemic, Malaysian consumers have been more careful about spending their money and where they spend their money. Based on the review of past literature, the study's goal was to examine the relationships of variables such as perceived severity, cyberchondria, self-efficacy, and self-isolation on consumer behavior during the Covid-19 pandemic in Malaysia. The aim of the study was also to highlight the implications of the study that will be beneficial to the Malaysian government, the consumer association, and retailers. The quantitative research method was used to conduct this study via online questionnaires. The target respondents were consumers from Selangor between the ages of 20 to 60, mainly those with jobs and who earned a monthly income. A total of 196 respondents answered the questionnaire. The reliability, linearity, normality, correlation, and multiple regression tests were conducted using SPSS. The study results revealed that only perceived severity and self-isolation had significant relationships with consumer behavior. The scientific novelty of the study was that both cyberchondria and self-efficacy were insignificant. These findings imply that both cyberchondria and self-efficacy do not affect the consumer behaviour of Malaysian during the pandemic. The implications of the research findings were discussed.

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