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1.
Revista Espanola De Sociologia ; JOUR(4), 31.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2083162

ABSTRACT

A distinctive role of family care defines the southern European welfare models. Several studies have highlighted the functional overload for families with children under three years old, in which unpaid work is mainly provided by women (even when they work full time), in a context in which the public and private childcare provision is insufficient to meet families' needs. In Barcelona, the emergence of socially innovative projects has partially covered the demand for 0-3 childcare. These projects are based on communities of care made up of parents and educators. However, COVID-19 has severely impacted the participants in social innovations such as childminders, free-education nurseries, and community care groups. Educators working in these projects struggled to survive economically when the 2020 spring lockdown forced them to close, while the closures obliged mothers to juggle work with care. This article presents the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on mothers and educators involved in socially innovative 0-3 childcare projects in Barcelona. The paper uses qualitative and quantitative empirical material gathered between May 2020 and June 2021: interviews with representatives of childcare associations, educators and mothers (before and after the outbreak of COVID-19 in Spain), and a survey with mothers with children under three (after the lockdown). The results of our investigation show that the communities behind the projects constituted a crucial resource. Parents and educators helped each other, sharing care and financial resources to keep the projects going and find new solutions to the work-family balance.

2.
Acta Hispanica ; : 19-31, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2056469

ABSTRACT

Las regularizaciones extraordinarias de los migrantes aparecen en la agenda de muchos países, no solo en Europa sino también en América del Sur, aunque estos procesos siempre son excepcionales, permiten legalizar en un tiempo corto, un amplio número de migrantes. Durante el Covid-19 las fronteras permanecieron cerradas, así los flujos migratorios se vieron obligados a ingresar por pasos fronterizos no habilitados, lo cual, está causando una crisis humanitaria en varios países. Adicionalmente, las autoridades han tenido que enfrentar el desempleo, la irregularidad (visas vencidas y migrantes indocumentados), y la vacunación de los migrantes. Este estudio tiene como objetivo principal analizar y comparar las regularizaciones extraordinarias de los migrantes en América del Sur, y Europa del Sur. El análisis compara seis países, enfocándose principalmente, en aquellos afectados por la migración venezolana (Chile, Colombia y Perú) en América del Sur, conjuntamente 3 países europeos fueron elegidos (España, Italia y Portugal). Adicionalmente el estudio sugiere cambios importantes, que sumados con las estadísticas disponibles y otros datos permiten analizar las tendencias migratorias y los procesos de regularización de los migrantes durante el Covid-19.Alternate : Extraordinary regularizations of migrants appear on the agenda of many countries, not only in Europe but also within South America. Although these processes are always exceptional, they allow legalizing in a short of time a large number of migrants. During Covid-19 the borders remained closed. Consequently, migratory flows were forced to enter through non-authorized borders, causing a humanitarian crisis in several countries. Additionally, the authorities have had to deal with unemployment, irregularity (expired visas, undocumented migrants), and the vaccination of migrants. This study's primary objective is to analyze and compare the extraordinary regularizations of migrants in South America and Southern Europe. The analysis compares six countries, focusing mainly on countries affected by Venezuelan migration (Chile, Colombia, and Peru) in South America, and 3 European countries (Spain, Italy, and Portugal). Furthermore, important changes are suggested in the study, which, together with the available statistics and other data, allow for the analysis of migration trends and the regularization processes of migrants during Covid-19.

3.
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita ; 56(3):378-389, 2020.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2055978

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The study was implemented to provide guidance to decision-makers and clinicians by describing hospital care offered to women who gave birth with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection. Materials and methods: National population-based prospective cohort study involving all women with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection who gave birth between February 25 and April 22, 2020 in any Italian hospital.

4.
Disease Surveillance ; 37(6):802-806, 2022.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2055475

ABSTRACT

Objective: To introduce the principle and method ofa-Sutte model, establish a a-Sutte model by using software R, compare the fitting and prediction effects of thea-Sutte model and multiple seasonal autoregressive integrated moving average model, SARIMA model and provides reference for the application of thea-Sutte model in epidemic prediction.

5.
Land ; 11(6), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2055289

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on the world economy since 2020. This study analyzed the impact of the pandemic on innovative agri-food companies from different branches of agro-industrial activity located in Extremadura (Spain). The main aim of this study was to determine which activities have been most affected. Differences between actions and changes made depending on the nature of the product, process, or services were also evaluated. The information was obtained from an online questionnaire in which the research questions were posed (what consequences, actions, or changes has the pandemic had on the development of firms' activities?). Data were analyzed descriptively, and a statistical study was conducted on the existence or absence of independence between effects and actions based on the branches of activity of agri-food industries. The main results showed that companies' financial (decrease in turnover and reduction/displacement of product demand) and operational functioning (difficulty in marketing activities and standstill/decline in the fiscal year) has mainly been affected. In response, innovative agro-industries have acted regarding their processes (increased ICT use and new marketing strategies) and procedures (implementation of stricter hygienic-sanitary protocols and reorganization of activities and personnel) to deal with the negative effects on their activities. In general, all agro-industrial branches have incorporated changes in their products and services, mainly by providing new and better customer benefits, and improving product formats and forms of payment to suppliers. These findings provide information for the regional public administration in the development of initiatives that mitigate the negative effects of the pandemic and favor the implementation of actions that help the adaptation of agro-industrial activities. Agricultural policies should incorporate specialized measures to ensure the global sustainability of the food and agriculture system and the supply and production.

6.
Antipode ; : 1, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2052236

ABSTRACT

Short‐term rentals (STRs) emerged as holiday accommodations, disrupting the hospitality industry in the decade before COVID‐19. Mainstream explanations for their growth revolved around digital tourism platforms like Airbnb as market disruptors and the sharing economy rationale. At the same time, critical scholars explored the capitalisation of greater rent gaps in urban central locations. However, these explanations are insufficient to explain the growth of STRs. We supplement them by building bridges between the urban political economy and the geographies of financialisation through the cases of Lisbon and Porto before the pandemic. The paper focuses on tourism‐induced housing investment, taking a closer look at the profile of investors in association with STR property managers in the context of the late‐entrepreneurial urban regime. We conclude that tourism development has allowed opportunities for housing financialisation through STR professionalisation, enhancing the allocation of interest‐bearing capital in tourism‐oriented real estate. (English) [ FROM AUTHOR] Resumen Los alquileres de corta duración (STRs en sus siglas en inglés) surgieron como alojamientos vacacionales, revolucionando la industria turística en la década anterior al Covid‐19. Las principales explicaciones sobre su irrupción apuntan a que las plataformas de turismo digital, como Airbnb, alteraron el mercado a través de la lógica de la economía colaborativa, mientras que voces críticas también han explorado la capitalización de brechas de renta más amplias en áreas urbanas centrales. Sin embargo, estas explicaciones son insuficientes para comprender el rápido crecimiento de esta tipología de alojamiento. Aquí se complementan tales ideas mediante la articulación entre la economía política urbana y las geografías de la financiarización a través de los casos de Lisboa y Oporto antes de la pandemia. El artículo se centra en la inversión inmobiliaria inducida por el turismo, examinando el perfil de los inversores privados en conjunción con las empresas de gestión de propiedades para alquiler turístico en el contexto del urbanismo empresarial tardío. Así, concluimos que el desarrollo turístico reciente ha ampliado el horizonte de financiarización de la vivienda gracias a la profesionalización del alquiler vacacional, maximizando los beneficios del capital invertido en bienes inmobiliarios para uso turístico. (Spanish) [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Antipode is the property of Wiley-Blackwell and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

7.
European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology ; 270:270, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2049145
8.
Health Systems in Transition ; 23(1), 2021.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2044830

ABSTRACT

The average life expectancy in the EU is 80.6 years, and although it will (temporarily) decrease by one year in 2020 due to high COVID-19-related mortality, it has climbed significantly over the past two decades. The major causes of death are circulatory disorders and malignancies, but other factors, including dietary practices, alcohol intake, and smoking rates, have a significant impact on morbidity and mortality rates as well. Additionally, gender and other socioeconomic determinants contribute to significant inequalities in population health. Slovenia's per capita health spending is lower than the average for the EU, but it has continuously climbed, reaching US$ PPP 2283 in 2019. With a single state insurer, the SHI system offers nearly universal coverage for a variety of benefits. High co-insurance rates have also led to widespread use of additional, voluntary health insurance (VHI). Diversifying funding sources and raising additional funds for health care are perennial policy debate topics. In Slovenia, there is a long-standing relationship between primary care and public health initiatives. A network of community-based primary health care centers, which offer preventative, diagnostic, curative, rehabilitative, palliative, and health promotion services close to patients' homes under one roof by a variety of health care experts, provides primary care in the majority of cases. Doctors of personal primary care serve as the entry points to secondary-level specialty treatment. Long-term care services are currently undergoing a comprehensive reform. There are very few unmet medical requirements explicitly related to cost (or travel time) and there is little difference between economic levels. Long waiting periods, particularly for specialized services, continue despite substantial efforts, and they are the main cause of unmet medical need. In addition, some healthcare professionals, particularly primary care doctors and registered nurses working in hospitals, are dispersed unevenly and at low levels. The adoption of digital technologies, especially during the past year, has been significant and has aided in preserving access to healthcare during the COVID-19 pandemic.

9.
HPS Weekly Report ; 56:11, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2044719

ABSTRACT

In recent weeks, many Ukrainian refugees have crossed into Hungary, Poland, Moldova, and Romania. The WHO works with these and other nations to increase disease surveillance and provide immunization programs according to their schedules and policies. This article provides a summary of the recommendations provided by WHO to all countries in the region. According to the guidelines, countries must continue to make efforts to ensure that their resident populations, including refugee populations, are fully vaccinated against polio, measles, rubella, COVID-19, and other vaccine-preventable diseases. Vaccination against polio, measles, and rubella must be offered as a priority to incoming refugee children under the age of six who have missed any routine vaccinations Vaccine doses must be recorded and made available to vaccinated individuals.

10.
Ginecologia.ro ; 9(32), 2021.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2040630

ABSTRACT

The infection with SARS-CoV-2 among pregnant women represents a new challenge all over the world. Establishing an effective way to prevent the infection with the new type of coronavirus could decrease its incidence. Although this pathology is not completely understood and its perinatal complications are not entirely well known, it should be necessary to create a protocol to prevent and manage this disease. We present the experience of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the Bucharest University Emergency Hospital regarding pregnant women associating SARS-CoV-2 infection.

11.
Turkish Journal of Public Health ; 20(2):235-243, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040552

ABSTRACT

Objective: Currently the Covid-19 pandemic is studied with great expectations by several epidemiological models with the aim of predicting the future behaviour of the pandemic. Determining the level of disorder in the pandemic can give us insight into the societal reactions to the pandemic the socio-economic structures and health systems in different countries.

12.
Hungarian Geographical Bulletin ; 71(2):117-132, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040453

ABSTRACT

The primary function of national parks (NPs) is nature conservation, but for the majority of them, tourism also plays an important role. Tourism generates significant incomes, but the benefits are often unequally distributed in space, as are the disadvantages. The karst regions are generally less developed terrains in terms of traditional livelihoods, but due to their special morphology, tourism offers great opportunities. Nonetheless, mass tourism can also pose increased environmental risks. In this article, we examine the above questions on the example of Krka NP, especially from the perspective of tourists, as we conducted a questionnaire survey with visitors. The results confirmed that there is a high degree of spatial inequality both in the awareness of attractions and the distribution of tourist accommodation. This fact has already been recognised by the management of the NP, and serious steps have already been taken to reduce inequality, but their impact is not yet significant enough. Based on the survey, tourism in Krka NP is determined by same-day visits. Tourists who come here primarily consider waterfalls, lakes and rivers to be the most important values of the landscape, while cultural values are considered less significant and even less known. Local products are virtually unknown in the NP palette, so this could be a direction for development. Another point that could be developed is the awareness of visitors in the field of karstification. As the survey was conducted during COVID period, its impact on tourism was also briefly examined. This impact was manifested in the fact that the proportion of retirees and tourist buses was very small, whereas the majority of visitors (90%) arrived in the NP as independent travellers. For one third of foreigners, COVID played a role in choosing Croatia as a destination. As for domestic tourists, two thirds chose to find a destination in Croatia because of COVID.

13.
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte ; 22(3):58-67, 2022.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040336

ABSTRACT

The main objective of this study was to analyze the state of mind and the level of dependence on physical exercise of university students in the confinement stage, and their interrelationship between them, based on sex, whether they currently practice federated sports and the level of concern towards the problems created by COVID-19 worldwide. The study included 177 university students (133 men and 44 women) of Physical Activity and Sports Sciences from the Pontifical University of Salamanca with a mean age of 20.85 (+or- 2.83) years and a decrease in physical activity practice 73.5% in the first two weeks of confinement. The instruments used to assess these constructs were the Exercise Dependence Scale-Revised (EDS-R) and the short version of the Profile Mood States (POMS). The results show that there is a significant positive correlation between the level of dependence on physical exercise and Tension, Anger, Fatigue and Depressed State and a negative correlation with Vigor and Friendship. In conclusion, the importance of practicing physical activity for improving the mental health of university students is highlighted.

14.
BizInfo ; 13(1):95-99, 2022.
Article in Bosnian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040323

ABSTRACT

As new tourist destinations appeared on the tourist market during the Covid-19 pandemic, which attracted a large number of tourists due to their openness, the aim of this paper was to examine the motives that were the main factors in deciding to travel to one of these destinations. and Neum. Gradic in Bosnia and Herzegovina was the subject of an offer by a large number of travel agencies during the Covid-19 pandemic, but also by the demand of tourists. The paper assumes that the sea was the main motive and factor in the decision of tourists to travel to Neum. However, the research conducted on a sample of 92 tourists who stayed in Neum in July 2021, showed that the cultural motives of Neum were their main motive for traveling to this city.

15.
Annals of Oncology ; 33(Suppl. 3):S234-S234, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2035758

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 pandemic brought pressure to Portuguese National Health Service (NHS). We aim to assess pandemic impact on diagnosis and management of breast cancer (BC) in a high-volume Portuguese comprehensive cancer centre, which was classified as a COVID-free institution by public health authorities.

16.
Annals of Oncology ; 33(Suppl. 3):S230-S230, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2035757

ABSTRACT

Background: Cancer patients are more sensitive to infection induced by SARS-CoV-2, especially ones with impaired immune response. Vaccines are approved as safe and effective, and they are recommended in oncology patients. The aim of our study was to see the percentage of reinfections after second dose of vaccines against SARS-CoV2.

17.
Annals of Oncology ; 33(Suppl. 3):S189-S190, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2035753

ABSTRACT

Background: The epidemic start of Coronavirus disease it expanded in the first months of 2020. Italy was among the first European countries to be affected and those affected more intensely: the first case was reported on 02.20.2020 The entire health system has been disrupted and reorganized due to the impact of the pandemic on hospitals The suspension of first-level screening services in Italy occurred in the months of March and April 2020 on throughout the national territory, starting from May 2020 the screening programs were reactivated albeit with different timing and intensity between the regions and within of each single region.

18.
Annals of Oncology ; 33(Suppl. 3):S173-S173, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2035751

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 pandemic motivated a reorganization of healthcare institutions, which may have led to a negative impact on cancer patients' treatment. This study compared the pathological response (PR) rate to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) in breast cancer (BC) patients who underwent treatment before (BCv) and during (DCv) the COVID-19 pandemic at our institution.

19.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):26-34, 2021.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-2034459

ABSTRACT

Introduction: SARS-CoV2 infection with severe clinical manifestations has been associated with a decrease in plasma hemoglobin levels. This suggests the need to understand the impact that anemia has in the clinical outcomes of patients with COVID-19.

20.
Estudios Turisticos ; 220:53-68, 2020.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034326

ABSTRACT

Spain experiments an excellent period regarding the production of large motion-picture works. not only films but also television series. Nevertheless, the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic present difficulties to recover the level of activity experimented before March 2020. All in all, besides the evolution of the health situation, the industry is showing proof enough of its ability to recover and adapt to the new circumstances.

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