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1.
Louisiana Agriculture ; 65:2, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2045537

ABSTRACT

This article reports on the inclusion of wild-caught shrimp in the USDA Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) program to help Louisiana's shrimp industry during the COVID-19 pandemic. As a result of a quick Sea Grant mobilization, $50 million in cash from USDA was infused into the shrimping industry, and 7.6 million pounds of Louisiana shrimp were taken out of inventory and distributed nationwide.

2.
Louisiana Agriculture ; 65:2, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2044964

ABSTRACT

This article presents an overview of the growth of the Louisiana nursery industry and the labour challenges the industry is facing. Labour issues in the nursery industry are not easily solved, considering the nature and seasonality of employment and competition from other industries. Despite the benefits associated with the H-2A guest worker program, particularly securing seasonal workers in times of need, which allows nurseries to cope with labour shortages, few Louisiana nurseries rely on the H-2A program. Moreover, prolonged impact of the COVID-19 pandemic also raises concerns on ways the industry needs may change and how it will affect securing labour.

3.
Rethinking Ecology ; 6(1-47):1-47, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040017

ABSTRACT

Stony coral tissue loss disease (SCTLD) was first observed in September 2014 near Virginia Key, Florida. In roughly six years, the disease spread throughout Florida and into the greater Caribbean basin. The high prevalence of SCTLD and high resulting mortality in coral populations, and the large number of susceptible species affected, suggest that this outbreak is one of the most lethal ever recorded. The initial recognition and management response to this catastrophic disease in Florida was slow, which delayed the start of monitoring programs and prevented coordinated research programs by at least two years. The slow management response was a result of several factors that operated concurrently. First, the Port Miami dredging project was ongoing during the coral disease epidemic and dredging rather than SCTLD was blamed by some managers and local environmental groups for the extreme coral losses reported in the project's compliance monitoring program. Second, this blame was amplified in the media because dredging projects are intuitively assumed to be bad for coral reefs. Third, during this same time State of Florida policy prohibited government employees to acknowledge global warming in their work. This was problematic because ocean warming is a proximal cause of many coral diseases. As a result, the well-known links between warming and coral disease were ignored. A consequence of this policy was that the dredging project provided an easy target to blame for the coral mortality noted in the monitoring program, despite convincing data that suggested otherwise. Specifically, results from the intensive compliance monitoring program, conducted by trained scientific divers, were clear. SCTLD that was killing massive numbers of corals throughout Florida was also killing corals at the dredge site - and in the same proportions and among the same suite of species. While eradication of the disease was never a possibility, early control measures may have slowed its spread or allowed for the rescue of significant numbers of large colonies of iconic species. This coral disease outbreak has similarities to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States and there are lessons learned from both that will improve disease response outcomes in the future, to the benefit of coral reefs and human populations.

4.
Annals of Emergency Medicine ; 78(4 Suppl):S161-S162, 2021.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2035743

ABSTRACT

Study Objectives: The COVID-19 pandemic has demonstrated that social determinants of health (SDOH) are profoundly linked to the spread and outcomes of COVID-19. However, the relationships between these SDOH and COVID-19 spatial outbreaks have yet to be determined. We conducted spatial analyses with geographic information systems (GIS) mapping of county-level SDOH and regional COVID-19 infection outbreaks to demonstrate the most impactful SDOH and to provide a pragmatic visual guide to prevent future outbreaks.

5.
Annals of Emergency Medicine ; 78(4 Suppl):S147-S148, 2021.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2035740

ABSTRACT

Study Objective: As a consequence of the opioid epidemic, overall Hepatitis C (HCV) infections have increased in the United States. HCV mortality now surpasses more than 60 other infections (eg, HIV, and TB). The CDC now recommends universal HCV screening, for all adults aged =18 years. Several reports highlight the success of large urban EDs to provide screening and linkage to care for HCV but the ability to utilize rural EDs has not been explored. Our objective was to highlight results of an electronic health record (EHR) driven "opt-out," universal HCV screening program in a small rural community ED that serves the economically disadvantaged, rural/mountainous area of SC, including parts of Appalachia.

6.
Journal of Rural Social Sciences ; 37(2), 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2034033

ABSTRACT

According to the National Institute of Mental Health, anxiety disorders are a common mental health disorder but often remain undetected and undertreated. During the COVID-19 pandemic, Extension professionals have worked hard to address emerging issues that communities face, possibly impacting the amount of anxiety they experience. This study determined the prevalence of anxiety symptoms among Extension professionals in the United States. Participants from 24 states completed a survey containing the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 2-item (GAD-2) screener. Almost one-quarter of Extension professionals had a GAD-2 score greater than three, an indicator of anxiety with a possibility of generalized anxiety disorder, which is similar to that of the general population. Also, female and male Extension professionals were about equal in the prevalence of anxiety symptoms, which is contrary to the literature. Extension administrators should consider ways to help their employees with this anxiety, especially during and after traumatic events.

7.
PLoS Global Public Health ; 2(7), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2021475

ABSTRACT

This study uses two existing data sources to examine how patients' symptoms can be used to differentiate COVID-19 from other respiratory diseases. One dataset consisted of 839,288 laboratory-confirmed, symptomatic, COVID-19 positive cases reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) from March 1, 2019, to September 30, 2020. The second dataset provided the controls and included 1,814 laboratory-confirmed influenza positive, symptomatic cases, and 812 cases with symptomatic influenza-like-illnesses. The controls were reported to the Influenza Research Database of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) between January 1, 2000, and December 30, 2018. Data were analyzed using case-control study design. The comparisons were done using 45 scenarios, with each scenario making different assumptions regarding prevalence of COVID-19 (2%, 4%, and 6%), influenza (0.01%, 3%, 6%, 9%, 12%) and influenza-like-illnesses (1%, 3.5% and 7%). For each scenario, a logistic regression model was used to predict COVID-19 from 2 demographic variables (age, gender) and 10 symptoms (cough, fever, chills, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, shortness of breath, runny nose, sore throat, myalgia, and headache). The 5-fold cross-validated Area under the Receiver Operating Curves (AROC) was used to report the accuracy of these regression models. The value of various symptoms in differentiating COVID-19 from influenza depended on a variety of factors, including (1) prevalence of pathogens that cause COVID-19, influenza, and influenza-like-illness;(2) age of the patient, and (3) presence of other symptoms. The model that relied on 5-way combination of symptoms and demographic variables, age and gender, had a cross-validated AROC of 90%, suggesting that it could accurately differentiate influenza from COVID-19. This model, however, is too complex to be used in clinical practice without relying on computer-based decision aid. Study results encourage development of web-based, stand-alone, artificial Intelligence model that can interview patients and help clinicians make quarantine and triage decisions.

8.
Weekly Epidemiological Record ; 96(1/2):1-10, 2021.
Article in English, French | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2010657

ABSTRACT

This article provides a brief overview of the 31st meeting of the International TaskForce for Disease Eradication (ITFDE) that was convened at The Carter Center in Atlanta, GA, USA on 20-21 October 2020 to discuss "The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on eradication and elimination programmes and the way forward." It highlights the results of 7 eradication programmes, with specific conclusions and recommendations for each: Guinea Worm Eradication Programme(dracunculiasis;GWEP);Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI);elimination programmes for measles and rubella (MR), malaria, river blindness (onchocerciasis;RB), and lymphatic filariasis (LF);and the program for the Global Elimination of Trachoma.

9.
Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health ; 7(2):221-231, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1965028

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 is a disease caused by infection with the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). COVID-19 is still a worldwide threat because of its high morbidity and mortality. This is influenced by the occurrence of hypertension, obesity, age and diabetes mellitus. However, currently there is still controversy in the results of research regarding the use of metformin in COVID-19 with type 2 diabetes mellitus (type 2 DM). This study was aimed to analyze the effect of metformin in COVID-19 patients with diabetes mellitus on mortality rates. Subjects and Method: This study was a systematic review and meta-analysis with the following PICO. P: COVID-19 patient with type-2 diabetes mellitus. I: administration of metformin therapy. C: therapy other than metformin and O: mortality. The articles used in this study were obtained from several databases, namely PubMed, Science Direct, Proquest, SpringerLink, Google Scholar and Scopus. The article search keywords were: "COVID-19" OR "coronavirus" AND "diabetes" AND "metformin" AND "mortality". Articles included are full-text English using a cohort study design from 2020 to 2021 and reporting the Odds Ratio in multivariate analysis. The selection of articles was carried out using the PRISMA flow chart. The articles were analyzed using the Review Manager 5.3 application.

10.
Louisiana Agriculture ; 64:3, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1929404

ABSTRACT

LSU AgCenter family and consumer sciences nutrition agents across Louisiana taught nutrition education classes to adults and children face-to-face in their communities and in schools. But because of the COVID-19 pandemic, in-person classes were halted in March 2020. To continue their outreach, the agents from the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Education (SNAP-Ed), the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) and the Flavors of Health program worked together to develop a virtual nutrition education program. To reach the specific audiences, the LSU AgCenter agents collaborated with community partners, such as local libraries, Head Start, WIC clinics and schools, to enroll participants for classes. Promotional videos featuring SNAP-Ed and EFNEP nutrition agents were produced to explain the benefits of attending the classes and how to register. Over time, EFNEP and SNAP-Ed nutrition agents and educators embraced virtual programming and were able to recruit and deliver nutrition education programs from their homes or offices. The benefit to offering virtual nutrition education classes was that AgCenter agents could remain visible in their community and still connect with their audiences while remaining safe during the pandemic.

11.
Louisiana Agriculture ; 64:3, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1929396

ABSTRACT

This article describes how the LSU AgCenter agents with the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program led a surprise "Snack Pack Cooking Class" for students at North Highlands Elementary School and Oak Park Microsociety Elementary School in Shreveport, Louisiana, in April and May of 2021. The AgCenter agents provided each student with a box of ingredients, a paper cookbook with recipes and handouts, and a paper chef's hat. Students prepared turkey ranch wraps, which served as the after-school snack, and an under-the-sea snack mix, which the students took home. The classes allowed for a hands-on, interactive experience, while adhering to COVID-19 guidelines. The students had to identify each food's category using the MyPlate guideline for nutrition. Of the 52 students, 50 reported that they tried a new vegetable because of the class. These 2 schools have participated in EFNEP nutrition lessons during after-school activities during this past school year hosted by the Fully Devoted Developers of Children Winners' Circle, a nonprofit group in Shreveport that partners with the AgCenter. This group provided funds for the classes and purchased picnic tables for the 2 schools.

12.
Louisiana Agriculture ; 64:3, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1918553

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic presented many challenges for the LSU AgCenter 4-H program. To meet social distancing guidelines and ensure the safety of youth and agents, many of programming efforts transitioned to a virtual format. However, the need remained for hands-on learning opportunities. 4-H programming is driven by the motto "learn by doing", and it was paramount that agents provide purposeful and engaging activities. The 4-H Seed-of-the-Month Club is a project club that emerged to meet that need. Agents created a nine-month seed subscription made available to youth across the region beginning in August 2020. With this project, participating youth were provided seeds of various plants, including pine seedlings, rainbow carrots, easter egg radishes, lettuce, green beans, okra, squash and coneflowers. Agents used the LSU AgCenter Louisiana planting guide to select the seeds to offer each month. In the future, agents and youth alike have expressed an interest in continuing to provide horticulture opportunities through the delivery mode of the Seed-of-the-Month Club. Participants were asked to provide top choices for their gardens by receiving carrots, lettuce and green bean seeds for the future.

13.
Journal of Food Distribution Research ; 53(1):7-8, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1904585

ABSTRACT

Various extension programs across the country offer educational and practical opportunities for new and beginning farmers. In recent years, Louisiana has experienced a boom in horticultural farm businesses managed by new and beginning farmers. Though access to land and credit are often cited as two primary challenges that new and beginning farmers face, access to market channels and business management skills are also key to building sustainable farm businesses. Moreover, strong social networks where new and beginning farmers can freely exchange ideas, network, share resources, and provide trainings are essential to the development of new and beginning farmers. This research focuses primarily on horticulture farmers' perceptions of business management skills and risk management. We used data collected as a part of the evaluation program for the Grow Louisiana Beginning Farmer Training Program (Grow Louisiana), an extension program offered by the Louisiana State University Agricultural Center. Grow Louisiana is a partnership of academic, cooperative extension, and nonprofit organizations to train fruit and vegetable farmers with less than 10 years of experience on small to mid-size farms in Louisiana. Focused on the southeastern region of Louisiana, the program emphasizes sustainable agricultural practices and local food systems. The year-long program offers participants training in whole-farm planning and risk management based on the following principles: (i) sustainable agriculture and business practices, (ii) resource optimization, (iii) objective decision making, and (iv) efficient work practices. The program trained 16 farmers per year and apart from educational training, promotes networking and mentoring among farmers across the state. This study used a mixed methods approach to analyze program evaluation data from the 3-year program (2018-2021). The first year the program was offered in person, the second year moved to a hybrid model when measures were taken to address participant safety due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and the third year was completed mostly online. Data were collected pre- and postprogram through needs assessments, interviews, and focus groups with participants. Findings add to existing literature and highlight the importance of business and marketing planning in the development and training of new and beginning farmers. Moreover, the study provides useful information for extension practices considering the variety of methods of delivery by year (i.e., in person, hybrid, online).

14.
Journal of Food Distribution Research ; 53(1):3-4, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1904534

ABSTRACT

To address food insecurity, community-based food pantries typically distribute food to area residents using a prefilled bag/box of items (traditional method), or by allowing clients to select items (client-choice method). Prior efforts have found client-choice pantries are often preferred by clients, allowing them more control and dignity over their food choices. However, limited research exists examining barriers to client-choice conversion that pantries may face. Many pantries continue to follow the traditional model. This is especially true in Arkansas, which frequently ranks high in the nation in food-insecure households. The Arkansas Foodbank (AFB) serves as the state's largest nongovernmental provider of food aid, working with over 400 pantries. Despite efforts by the AFB to promote client-choice conversion, in 2020 only 13% of Arkansas pantries offered client-choice. To identify perceived barriers to client-choice conversion, we conducted a mixed-methods survey sent to 366 Arkansas pantry managers during spring 2021. The survey featured questions concerning the feasibility of and potential barriers to offering the client-choice option and had a response rate of 36%. Following grounded theory, a thematic analysis approach was used to code and analyze responses to the open-ended, qualitative survey questions. Preliminary results uncovered five primary themes and six sub-themes, indicating perceived barriers to client-choice conversion. These included concerns related to pantry space and location (37%), volunteer and staffing needs (35%), lack of awareness concerning client-choice options (28%), COVID-19 concerns (27%), and perceived client greed and client distrust (12%). Our preliminary findings suggest food pantry stakeholders may need additional outreach and education concerning the various ways that the client-choice method can be implemented. Our results have important implications for those involved in distributing food aid to food-insecure households.

15.
Journal of Food Distribution Research ; 53(1):1-2, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1904450

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted the operations of many farm and food businesses across Louisiana. Producers had to adapt to changes or closures of market outlets, including farmers markets, farm-to-school programs, and restaurants. Using data collected from an online survey, this research examines pre- and post-pandemic marketing channels and challenges faced by food producers.

16.
Injury Epidemiology ; 8(Suppl. 1), 2021.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1904313

ABSTRACT

These proceedings contain 12 articles discussing how the COVID-19 pandemic has both impacted the epidemiology of childhood injury and uncovered health care disparities in childhood injury. The papers also highlight the research, education and advocacy efforts of the Injury Free Coalition for Kids in youth injury prevention.

17.
Journal of Communication in Healthcare ; 15(1):34-43, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1890699

ABSTRACT

Background: The predominantly Black city of Albany, Georgia, and its metropolitan region, was hard hit during the first wave of COVID-19. In the midst of the wave, the local hospital produced a video of a Black man dying from COVID-19 as a part of its crisis communication strategy. The purpose of this study is to critically interrogate a crisis communications tactic used by one healthcare delivery system during the COVID-19 pandemic.

18.
Journal of Communication in Healthcare ; 15(1):22-26, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1890695

ABSTRACT

Background: During the pandemic, Mount Pleasant, Texas became a hotspot for Covid-19 cases in the Hispanic community employed by a local meat packing plant and many other industries. An important consideration for rural communities is the language barrier and lack of easily accessible Spanish information explaining Covid-19. In addition, rapidly changing discoveries about the virus and subsequent vaccines creates a sense of confusion within this population already burdened with difficulty understanding health information leading to even more confusion about prevention, treatment and vaccine acceptance.

19.
Louisiana Agriculture ; 64:1, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1888299

ABSTRACT

This article briefly describes a series of extension materials created by LSU AgCenter and Louisiana Sea Grant to assist different sectors of the community to respond to public health concerns associated with COVID-19. The materials created included a series of fact sheets on a variety of issues, including food delivery and take-out, fishing safety information and seafood processing plants. In addition, a series of six posters was developed to create awareness of social distancing among store employees and customers. Two fact sheets were created for the seafood industry. "Fishing Safety and Information During a Public Health Emergency" highlights the health of people working on the boats, the proper use of disinfectants, and considerations when fishers sell their catch directly to consumers. The other fact sheet is "Public Health Emergency Response for Seafood Processing Plants During COVID-19," which provides guidance on the risks associated for processing plants during the pandemic, how to identify high-risk areas, and how to control and prevent the transmission of the virus among employees and visitors. The goal is to minimize person-to-person contact in the plant and during processing. To help create awareness on the control and prevention of the transmission of COVID-19, graphics and videos are available on the LSU AgCenter website for sharing through social media.

20.
Research Series Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station ; 680:13-18, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1871631

ABSTRACT

The Soybean Science Challenge (SSC) continues to support Arkansas STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) educational goals, is aligned with the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) and engages junior high and high school students in active learning and the co-creation of knowledge through support of classroom-based lessons and applied student research. The SSC educates and engages junior high and high school science students and teachers in 'real-world' Arkansas specific soybean science education through original NGSS aligned curriculum in 7E and Gathering Reasoning and Communicating (GRC)-3D format and a continuum of educational methods which include: teacher workshops, online and virtual education, NGSS aligned mini-lessons for science classrooms, community gardens, personal mentoring, student-led research and corresponding award recognition, and partnerships with state and national educators, agencies, and the popular media. The COVID-19 global pandemic altered the educational landscape in 2020 and continues to do so. The new educational environment has seen an increase in virtual classrooms, online courses, and interactions with Zoom © . The Soybean Science Challenge (SSC), by nature of its existing design and methodology, was and is amid these methods by launching online Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) aligned Gathering Reasoning and Communicating (GRC)-3D and 7E lesson plans for teachers, adding an online course, adding NGSS aligned mini-lesson videos for the science classroom, and adding virtual field trips to the list on the Soybean Science Challenge website. The Challenge also sponsored the virtual Arkansas Science Teacher Association Conference, and the SSC Coordinator taught virtual workshops on bringing agriculturally based lessons into science classrooms. The Soybean Science Challenge virtually judged participants at both the regional and state level, and SSC added a junior level award at regional science fairs. Through the SSC, teachers now have access to a plethora of educational instructions that bring real-world agricultural critical thinking both into the classroom and the homes of students.

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