Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 76
Add filters

Document Type
Year range
5th International Conference on Emerging Smart Computing and Informatics, ESCI 2023 ; 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2326908


The Covid-19 pandemic that hit us in 2020 changed our lifestyle in every way. There was tremendous damage to people's lives. It is now predicted that other variants of Coronavirus are affecting people's health throughout the world. We must remain vigilant against upcoming dangers. The Indian health ministry has also advised people to take the necessary precautions. In this paper, we will focus on automating temperature and oxygen monitoring using the Internet of Things. According to our proposed model, data generated by the temperature sensor (MLX90614) and oxygen saturation sensor (MAX30102) will be stored in a relational database. Using this data, future data analyses can be conducted. We are also going to visualize the data by building an interactive dashboard using Power BI. Overall, health monitoring will become much more convenient and speedier. © 2023 IEEE.

International Journal of Engineering and Manufacturing ; 11(5):48, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2304633
2023 International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Knowledge Discovery in Concurrent Engineering, ICECONF 2023 ; 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2303707
3rd International Conference on Robotics, Electrical and Signal Processing Techniques, ICREST 2023 ; 2023-January:249-253, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2294835
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(8)2023 Apr 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2297443


Despite several targeted antiviral drugs against SARS-CoV-2 currently being available, the application of type I interferons (IFNs) still deserves attention as an alternative antiviral strategy. This study aimed to assess the therapeutic effectiveness of IFN-α in hospitalized patients with COVID-19-associated pneumonia. The prospective cohort study included 130 adult patients with coronavirus disease (COVID-19). A dose of 80,000 IU of IFN-α2b was administered daily intranasally for 10 days. Adding IFN-α2b to standard therapy reduces the length of the hospital stay by 3 days (p < 0.001). The level of CT-diagnosed lung injuries was reduced from 35% to 15% (p = 0.011) and CT injuries decreased from 50% to 15% (p = 0.017) by discharge. In the group of patients receiving IFN-α2b, the SpO2 index before and after treatment increased from 94 (92-96, Q1-Q3) to 96 (96-98, Q1-Q3) (p < 0.001), while the percentage of patients with normal saturation increased (from 33.9% to 74.6%, p < 0.05), but the level of SpO2 decreased in the low (from 52.5% to 16.9%) and very low (from 13.6% to 8.5%) categories. The addition of IFN-α2b to standard therapy has a positive effect on the course of severe COVID-19.

COVID-19 , Adult , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Prospective Studies , Interferon alpha-2/therapeutic use , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use
Cognitive Science and Technology ; : 767-773, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2264661
Biomedicine (India) ; 43(1):30-33, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2248164
3rd International Conference on Communication, Computing and Industry 40, C2I4 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2279540
Bioengineering (Basel) ; 10(2)2023 Jan 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2271670


The continuous monitoring of respiratory rate (RR) and oxygen saturation (SpO2) is crucial for patients with cardiac, pulmonary, and surgical conditions. RR and SpO2 are used to assess the effectiveness of lung medications and ventilator support. In recent studies, the use of a photoplethysmogram (PPG) has been recommended for evaluating RR and SpO2. This research presents a novel method of estimating RR and SpO2 using machine learning models that incorporate PPG signal features. A number of established methods are used to extract meaningful features from PPG. A feature selection approach was used to reduce the computational complexity and the possibility of overfitting. There were 19 models trained for both RR and SpO2 separately, from which the most appropriate regression model was selected. The Gaussian process regression model outperformed all the other models for both RR and SpO2 estimation. The mean absolute error (MAE) for RR was 0.89, while the root-mean-squared error (RMSE) was 1.41. For SpO2, the model had an RMSE of 0.98 and an MAE of 0.57. The proposed system is a state-of-the-art approach for estimating RR and SpO2 reliably from PPG. If RR and SpO2 can be consistently and effectively derived from the PPG signal, patients can monitor their RR and SpO2 at a cheaper cost and with less hassle.

Med Intensiva ; 47(3): 131-139, 2023 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2254026


Objective: Few studies have reported the implications and adverse events of performing endotracheal intubation for critically ill COVID-19 patients admitted to intensive care units. The aim of the present study was to determine the adverse events related to tracheal intubation in COVID-19 patients, defined as the onset of hemodynamic instability, severe hypoxemia, and cardiac arrest. Setting: Tertiary care medical hospitals, dual-centre study performed in Northern Italy from November 2020 to May 2021. Patients: Adult patients with positive SARS-CoV-2 PCR test, admitted for respiratory failure and need of advanced invasive airways management. Interventions: Endotracheal Intubation Adverse Events. Main variables of interests: The primary endpoint was to determine the occurrence of at least 1 of the following events within 30 minutes from the start of the intubation procedure and to describe the types of major adverse peri-intubation events: severe hypoxemia defined as an oxygen saturation as measured by pulse-oximetry <80%; hemodynamic instability defined as a SBP 65 mmHg recoded at least once or SBP < 90 mmHg for 30 minutes, a new requirement or increase of vasopressors, fluid bolus >15 mL/kg to maintain the target blood pressure; cardiac arrest. Results: Among 142 patients, 73.94% experienced at least one major adverse peri-intubation event. The predominant event was cardiovascular instability, observed in 65.49% of all patients undergoing emergency intubation, followed by severe hypoxemia (43.54%). 2.82% of the patients had a cardiac arrest. Conclusion: In this study of intubation practices in critically ill patients with COVID-19, major adverse peri-intubation events were frequent. Clinical Trial registration: identifier: NCT04909476.

Objetivo: Pocos estudios han informado las implicaciones y los eventos adversos de realizar una intubación endotraqueal para pacientes críticos con COVID-19 ingresados ​​en unidades de cuidados intensivos. El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar los eventos adversos relacionados con la intubación traqueal en pacientes con COVID-19, definidos como la aparición de inestabilidad hemodinámica, hipoxemia severa y paro cardíaco. Ámbito: Hospitales médicos de atención terciaria, estudio de doble centro realizado en el norte de Italia desde noviembre de 2020 hasta mayo de 2021. Pacientes: Pacientes adultos con prueba PCR SARS-CoV-2 positiva, ingresados por insuficiencia respiratoria y necesidad de manejo avanzado de vías aéreas invasivas. Intervenciones: Eventos adversos de la intubación endotraqueal. Principales variables de interés: El punto final primario fue determinar la ocurrencia de al menos 1 de los siguientes eventos dentro de los 30 minutos posteriores al inicio del procedimiento de intubación y describir los tipos de eventos adversos periintubación mayores. : hipoxemia severa definida como una saturación de oxígeno medida por pulsioximetría <80%; inestabilidad hemodinámica definida como PAS 65 mmHg registrada al menos una vez o PAS < 90 mmHg durante 30 minutos, nuevo requerimiento o aumento de vasopresores, bolo de líquidos > 15 mL/kg para mantener la presión arterial objetivo; paro cardiaco. Resultados: Entre 142 pacientes, el 73,94% experimentó al menos un evento periintubación adverso importante. El evento predominante fue la inestabilidad cardiovascular, observada en el 65,49% de todos los pacientes sometidos a intubación de urgencia, seguido de la hipoxemia severa (43,54%). El 2,82% de los pacientes tuvo un paro cardíaco. Conclusión: En este estudio de prácticas de intubación en pacientes críticos con COVID-19, los eventos adversos periintubación mayores fueron frecuentes. Registro de ensayos clínicos: identificador: NCT04909476.

J Osteopath Med ; 2022 Oct 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2285632


CONTEXT: Mask wearing to mitigate the spread of COVID-19 and other viral infections may raise concerns on the effects of face masks on breathing and cardiopulmonary health. Non-evidence-based apprehensions may limit the use of masks in public. OBJECTIVES: We will assess the parameters related to heart and lung physiology between healthy male and female adults exposed to wearing face masks (or not) under conditions of rest and graded exercise. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study including 20 male and 20 female adults who met our inclusion criteria. Adults with underlying respiratory and cardiac conditions were excluded. Physiologic parameters were measured while the participants underwent three activity levels (10 min each) in a randomly assigned order: rest, walking, and stair climbing. Each activity level was conducted under three mask conditions: no mask, surgical mask, and N95 respirator. Heart rate (HR) and blood oxygen saturation (SpO2) were recorded via pulse oximeter after each activity. Perceived exertion was recorded utilizing a Borg 15-point scale. A mixed-effects analysis of variance (ANOVA) was utilized to interpret the results. RESULTS: A significant increase in perceived exertion was reported for N95 users (p<0.0001). There was also a significant increase in mean HR for N95 users in comparison to no-mask users (p=0.0031). The mean SpO2 in females was higher than males under rest and walking conditions (p=0.0055). There was no change in SpO2 between mask type overall, nor between mask type vs. exercise intensity, nor between mask type and sex. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings provide evidence that surgical masks and N95 respirators do not influence SpO2 at rest or during exercise.

J Crit Care ; 68: 31-37, 2022 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2278726


BACKGROUND: The SpO2/FiO2 is a useful oxygenation parameter with prognostic capacity in patients with ARDS. We investigated the prognostic capacity of SpO2/FiO2 for mortality in patients with ARDS due to COVID-19. METHODS: This was a post-hoc analysis of a national multicenter cohort study in invasively ventilated patients with ARDS due to COVID-19. The primary endpoint was 28-day mortality. RESULTS: In 869 invasively ventilated patients, 28-day mortality was 30.1%. The SpO2/FiO2 on day 1 had no prognostic value. The SpO2/FiO2 on day 2 and day 3 had prognostic capacity for death, with the best cut-offs being 179 and 199, respectively. Both SpO2/FiO2 on day 2 (OR, 0.66 [95%-CI 0.46-0.96]) and on day 3 (OR, 0.70 [95%-CI 0.51-0.96]) were associated with 28-day mortality in a model corrected for age, pH, lactate levels and kidney dysfunction (AUROC 0.78 [0.76-0.79]). The measured PaO2/FiO2 and the PaO2/FiO2 calculated from SpO2/FiO2 were strongly correlated (Spearman's r = 0.79). CONCLUSIONS: In this cohort of patients with ARDS due to COVID-19, the SpO2/FiO2 on day 2 and day 3 are independently associated with and have prognostic capacity for 28-day mortality. The SpO2/FiO2 is a useful metric for risk stratification in invasively ventilated COVID-19 patients.

COVID-19 , Respiratory Distress Syndrome , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/therapy , Cohort Studies , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Oximetry , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/therapy
J Intensive Med ; 3(1): 62-64, 2023 Jan 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2246638


Although the Berlin definition of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), 2012 has been widely used in clinical practice, issues have occasionally been raised regarding various criteria since it was proposed. High-flow nasal oxygen (HFNO) is widely used for effective respiratory support in acute respiratory failure. As patients who do not require ventilation but meet the Berlin criteria have similar characteristics to those with ARDS, the definition of ARDS may be broadened to include patients receiving HFNO. As the PaO2/FiO2 under-recognizes the diagnosis of ARDS, a SpO2/FiO2 value of ≤315 may be considered instead of a PaO2/FiO2 value of ≤300 for diagnosing the condition in resource-constrained settings. In this context, patients with severe COVID-19 always meet other criteria for ARDS except for 7-day acute onset. Therefore, the timeframe for the onset of ARDS may be extended to up to 14 days. An expanded definition of ARDS may allow early identification of patients with less severe diseases and facilitate testing and application of new therapies in patients with a high risk of poor outcomes. Here, we discuss the major controversies regarding the extension of the ARDS definition with a view to improving clinical implementation and patient outcomes.

2022 International Conference on Digital Transformation and Intelligence, ICDI 2022 ; : 266-271, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2230835


A novel coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2, also known as COVID-19) is a major problem for many countries in the world. Brunei is also affected by this COVID-19 pandemic in many ways. To alleviate the burden on the health ministry, we developed a low-cost, reliable Internet of Things (IoT) based real-time health monitoring system to diagnose early COVID-19 symptoms for patients at home. This diagnosis includes the three important physiological parameters such as body temperature, heart rate and oxygen saturation level (SpO2) in the blood. This system comes with an OLED LCD to display the three parameters. Apart from that, these parameters are also displayed on a mobile dashboard using the Cayenne IoT platform for easy access. This system was evaluated against many people, and the results were compared against the industry-standard pulse oximeters which are remarkably close and dependable. © 2022 IEEE.

Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development ; 14(1):152-156, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2206450
2022 IEEE International Conference on Consumer Electronics-Asia, ICCE-Asia 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2191832
5th IEEE International Conference on Computer and Informatics Engineering, IC2IE 2022 ; : 123-128, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2191801
3rd IEEE Global Conference for Advancement in Technology, GCAT 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2191781