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Computational Materials Science ; 212:111603, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1905556
Materials Today: Proceedings ; 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1720584
The International Journal of Ceramic Engineering & Science ; 4(1):47-52, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1640687
Appl Phys A Mater Sci Process ; 127(12): 960, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1536297


Genetic variants of the COVID-19 causative virus have been arising and circulating globally. In many countries, especially in developing ones with a huge population, vaccination has become one of the major challenges. SARS-CoV-2 variants' fast transmission rate has an upsurge in the COVID cases, leading to more stress on health systems. In the current COVID-19 scenario, there is the requirement of more adequate diagnostic approaches to check the COVID-19 spread. Out of many diagnostic approaches, a magnetic nanoparticle-based reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction could be nontrivial. The use of magnetic nanoparticles is to separate nucleic acid of SARS-CoV-2 from the patient samples and apply for SARS-CoV-2 detection in an easy and more effective way. Herein, the magnetic nanoparticles are synthesized using the solgel autocombustion methods and then successfully coated with biopolymer (chitosan) using ultrasonication. Chitosan-coated nanoparticles are successfully integrated into the graphene oxide sheets to introduce carboxyl groups. Crystallite size calculation, morphological and magnetic studies of synthesized magnetic nanoparticles, and multifunctional magnetic nanoparticles are done using XRD, SEM, TEM, and VSM, respectively. Besides, the potentiality of the fabricated nanocomposites in RNA extraction protocol is also discussed with schematic representation.

Appl Clay Sci ; 216: 106333, 2022 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1509674


Dexamethasone (Dex) is used in drug regimen for treatment of Coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) fusion and entry into the cell occurs at pH 5.5. In our present study, we have identified a green, cheap clay based halloysite (Hal) nanoformulation with release capability of Dex at such interactive pH condition. 30%ZnFe2O4/Hal and 30%NiFe2O4/Hal were prepared by one-pot synthesis technique. Dex (5% wt/wt) was functionalized over both nanocomposites. Finally, polyethylene glycol (PEG) was coated over ZnFe2O4/Hal/Dex and NiFe2O4/Hal/Dex nanocomposite using lyophilization technique (0.08 µl/mg of nanocarrier). The release ability of Dex was studied under pulmonary infection and normal pH conditions (pH = 5.6 and 7.4). The characterization study using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and UV-visible diffuse reflectance (DRS) spectra confirmed the presence of spinel ferrites over Hal. Nitrogen adsorption isotherm showed the surface area of ZnFe2O4/Hal (75 m2/g), pore volume (0.27 cm3/g) with average pore size (14.5 nm). Scanning electron microscope/Energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) and Transmission electron microscopy analysis revealed a textural change in halloysite tubular type indicating drug adsorption and PEG adhesion. DRS spectra indicated an intergrowth of zinc ferrite nanoparticles on the halloysite nanotubes. Interestingly, ZnFe2O4/Hal/Dex/PEG exhibited a high Dex release ability (17.5%, 168 h) at pH = 5.6 relevant to SARS-CoV-2 fusion entry into the cell pH condition of 5.5. Comparatively, the nanocomposite showed a less Dex release (<5%) release for 168 h at neutral pH = 7.4. The drug release kinetics were studied and the obtained data were fitted for the release constant and release exponent, using the Korsmeyer-Peppas model. To test the compatibility of our nanocomposites, we performed the cell viability assay (MTT) using HEK293 cells. Our results showed that at 0.3 mg/ml, Dex-loaded nanocomposite had a statistically significant improvement in cell viability compared to Dex alone. These results suggest that our nanocomposite has prevented the toxic effect of Dex and has huge potential to act as pulmonary drug delivery system for targeted lung infection therapeutics.

J Phys Condens Matter ; 33(36)2021 Jul 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1341094


Near itinerant cubic bulk CoV2O4is at variance with other spinel vanadates by not showing orbital ordering down to low temperature, albeit it displays fragile anomalies related to spin, and lattice structure, signaling a spin/orbital glass transition around 95 K. We investigate tetragonal-like epitaxial CoV2O4films on SrTiO3and (La0.3Sr0.7)(Al0.65Ta0.35)O3substrates that exhibit pronounced signature of spin reorientation transition from toa/bplane around 90 K unlike its bulk counterpart. Using in-plane and out-of-plane magnetic measurements, we demonstrate the intricate link between Co2+and V3+sublattice magnetizations that give rise to anisotropic magnetic switching. In-plane magnetic measurements reveal a wasp-waist shapedM(H) loop below reorientation transition temperature, while the out-of-plane follows antiferromagnet-likeM(H) response. The wasp-waist shaped feature could be linked to in-plane spin-canted (anti)ferromagnetism induced by canting away of V-spins away from antiferromagnetically coupled Co-spin direction below reorientation transition temperature. Further, we uncover the evidence for slow relaxation over a period of ∼104 s at 20 K and memory effect that indicates the possible existence for magnetic glassy phase in the low temperature regime. Using epitaxial strain as a control knob, our results inspire future study to manipulate orbital states, spin texture and itinerant electron character in tailored CoV2O4films away from cubic lattice symmetry.