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1.
RETOS Neuvas Tendencias en Educacion Fisica, Deporte y Recreacion ; 45:34-42, 2022.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1965185

ABSTRACT

Body language and creative dance are areas of practice that can offer multiple health benefits in people with multiple sclerosis, what involves a neurological disease that causes physical, emotional and social impediments. Motivated by a person who suffers from this disease and who was willing and in the need of feeling more active and emotionally better, a program of expressive and dance activities was designed, taking into account her particular context and the need to maintain a social distance to preserve her health in times of COVID-19, being a challenge to design the intervention to be done independently and remotely. The present study explored the experience of this person while she was participating in this six-week program of expressive-corporal practices with the aim of knowing her emotional well-being during the proposals. After each session, virtual interviews were conducted with the participant to understand how she had felt, using visual narratives from photographs as metaphors. In general, the participant agreed that the experience made her feel better, especially from an emotional point of view. Specifically, the program provided her with the opportunity to share new ways of communicating with her family, to feel physically active again, to take an interest in artistic body practices, and to become aware of her emotions.

2.
Journal of Human Sport and Exercise ; 17(3):655-666, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1964678

ABSTRACT

While the NCAA grapples with how to return to sport during the COVID-19 pandemic, knowledge of the current exercise habits and well-being of collegiate athletes can better inform strength and conditioning professionals how to adjust periodization plans for the coming year. As collegiate athletes attempt to train independently, there is an opportunity to survey the athletes who normally participate in organized strength and conditioning programs. This study aims to understand current independent exercise regimes and explore current well-being measures such as fatigue, sleep, mood, soreness, and stress. Coaches may be facing massive levels of detraining or potentially the rest and recovery desperately needed for a rejuvenated return to sport. In this study, 237 collegiate athletes (mean age = 19.75, SD = 1.18) completed an online survey measuring exercise participation and well-being. Exercise habits indicate a statistically (p< .05) and clinically significant increase in frequency (t(234) = 4.36, p= .000, ES = .32), intensity (t(235) = 5.31, p= .000, ES = .47), and duration (t(234) = 6.54, p= .000, ES = .47) of exercise sessions overtime during the COVID-19 pandemic quarantine. Perceived psychological well-being also increased as time went on during quarantine with an improvement in fatigue (Z= 3.42, p= .001, ES = .22), sleep quality (Z = 4.59, p = .000, ES = .30), stress (Z= 6.53, p= .000, ES = .42), and mood (Z= 5.86, p= .000, ES = .38). It appears there was a potential adaptation to quarantine that improved athletes' exercise participation and perceived well-being but concerns for periodization strategies, motivation, and possibility of detraining remain for strength and conditioning professionals in the transition to the return to sport.

3.
The Sport Journal ; 25(5), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1958334

ABSTRACT

Parent experiences in youth sport settings during the COVID-19 pandemic are a notable and understudied phenomenon. Parents had varied experiences as a result of safety mandates and protocols that limited physical presence and engagement in their child's sports activities. These limitations proved to be an emotional challenge for parents - balancing the responsibilities of protecting the safety of their families and providing sports experiences to promote both normalcy and acquire the life skills gained from sports participation in a fluid environment. In some instances, parents engaged in virtual spectating experiences which sought to minimize physical risks associated with COVID-19, but also did not require their physical presence to participate. Research on the virtual experience of parents is novel and from a sample of 112 parents across youth sport sectors in 18 states how the spectating modality influenced parental roles and identities was examined. Virtual spectating experiences reflected many challenges for parents, but also prompted much gratitude for allowing continued engagement in their child's sports activities. This exploratory research prompts larger questions urging sport-based professionals to examine the influences of spectating modalities on experiences of parents. The authors captured retrospective parent reactions to their personal spectating experience and generated a grounded theory diagram to demonstrate relationships between factors shaping the parent identity and role in this context. Implications for sport-based professionals are discussed.

4.
The Sport Journal ; 25(10), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1957922

ABSTRACT

Purpose: As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, national restrictions were implemented limiting social gatherings and disrupting many facets of everyday life including sports. To gain a better understanding of how the COVID-19 pandemic has affected the social and emotional well-being of children and adolescents in sports, the present study examined parental perspectives of female youth competitive cheerleaders during the national pandemic.

5.
Journal of Japan Society of Sports Industry ; 32(2):229-239, 2022.
Article in Japanese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934540

ABSTRACT

This study focuses on high school athletics. The Japan High School Athletic Federation, which is the central sports organization of the high school athletics competition, and the National High School Athletic Federation, which is the governing body of the high school sports organization, manage the high school athletics category under the umbrella of the National High School Athletic Federation. This paper aimed to analyze the kind of relationship being built with the National Athletics Department, which is responsible for the actual management of the tournament, and to verify whether there is a conflict between the National Athletics Department and the National Athletics Department. Specifically, we analyzed the actual functions of the National High School Championships, the Japan Association of Athletics Federations, and the National High School Championships, and the level of support each organization had at the Inter-High School Championships held during the coronavirus pandemic. Then, based on the articles of incorporation and regulations of each organization, we organized the objectives, business contents, and decision-making of the three organizational operations, and observed conflicts. We found that the National High School Federation and the National High School Federation Land Specialization Department have four local conditions of conflict : "ambiguity of work in charge", "reciprocity of tasks", "common resources", and "mismatch of social evaluation".

6.
Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences ; 32(207), 2022.
Article in Persian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1929304

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose: World condition has changed since the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) emerged and its rapid spread affected people's social and sports life. In this study, we aimed at investigating the incidence of sports injuries in Mazandaran province, Iran and the effects of COVID- 19 pandemic on frequency of sports injuries. We also studied the relationship between sports injuries and age, gender, sports specialties and severity of injury. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, information of all/injured athletes registered in Mazandaran Sport Medicine Center between 2018 and 2020 were analyzed in SPSS V23. In order to investigate the relationship between injured limb and age, gender, sports specialty, injured side, and surgery, Chi-square test was applied.

7.
Physical Culture and Sport: Studies and Research ; 95(1):54-67, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1923989

ABSTRACT

The new pandemic lifestyle advocates new rules for sport at all levels, from amateur to elite. Consequently, it has transformed the ways in which sports are performed and consumed, provoking demand for new technologies and/or the development of existing ones. This paper aims to identify, describe, and visualize the process of sport transformation as radical internal and external industry changes brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic. It is intended to qualitatively explain the current 'metamorphoses' in the field and subsequently answer the question of how the COVID-19 pandemic drastically changed all aspects of sports and physical culture. The literature and empirical dataset (qualitative open-ended written interviews, N = 147) were analysed in the spirit of grounded theory, referring to the holistic approach. The results demonstrated that the COVID-19 pandemic has had an unprecedented effect on sports by touching on all aspects, levels, and stakeholders. The paper also outlines challenges and opportunities for the industry in these extraordinary times. The key dimensions of transformation are identified and explained. The findings of this research have significant implications for the understanding of how COVID-19 gave rise to the transformation of sports in different aspects. This study adds to the growing body of research on the positive and negative impacts of COVID-19 on sports, new technologies demand, and the transformation of sports.

8.
Turkish Journal of Sport and Exercise ; 24(1):103-108, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1912287

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the anxiety of catching a new type of coranavirus (Covid-19) in professional soccer players. soccer players 188 including 42 professional soccer players from the Turkish Super League, 32 players from the TFF 1st League, 41 players from the 2nd League, and 73 players from the 3rd League were voluntarily participated in this study . Average age of the players is 25.04 +or- 4.831 years;average height of the players is 180.11 +or- 6.246 cm;average body weight of the players is 75.23 +or- 6.118 kg,;average sports age of the players is 12.82 +or- 4.256 years. In this study evaluating the anxiety of professional soccer players about catching Covid-19, the level of anxiety of soccer players about getting Covid-19 was compared according to the status of being caught and not caught, the leagues they played and their game positions. No significant difference was found in the cases of the soccer players catching or not getting Covid-19. The change between the leagues in which the players play does not make any sense. When the anxiety of catching Covid-19 was examined according to the playing positions, a statistical significance was found in the comparison of the social anxiety scores according to the positions played by the players. In conclusion, while there was no significant relationship between the soccer players catching and not getting Covid-19, and their anxiety about catching Covid-19 for the leagues they played, the anxiety levels of catching Covid-19 were statistically significant to the game positions.

9.
Turkish Journal of Sport and Exercise ; 24(1):90-96, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1912286

ABSTRACT

Quantitative research models were used in the study, which aimed to to assess the phobia related to the coronavirus-19 of basketball coaches working in Turkey Basketball Federation (TBF) and registered to Turkey's Basketball Coaches Association (TUBAD). 21 women, and 216 men, 237 active basketball coaches in total, who are TUBAD members at various levels by the Turkish Leagues, participated to the study. While the personal information form developed by the researchers was used to obtain demographic information in the study. The homogeneity and variances of the data were tested, Kolmogorov-Smirnov (KS) test was applied, and it was determined that the data showed normal distribution. Independent Samples t Test was used in pair matches and One Way Anova test was used in multiple comparisons. Results were evaluated at 95% confidence interval and p <0.05 level. Cronbach's Alpha value for the overall scale was determined as .882. According to the results obtained from the findings of the study, no difference was observed in coranavirus 19 phobia values in terms of gender and coaching levels, while statistically significant differences were found in terms of age variables and the status of basketball trainers to practice a different profession besides coaching (p <0.05). It was observed that the differences were not observed in both variables in Somatic, Social, Economic and General Dimensions, but they differed in psychological dimensions and the differences were in favor of lower age groups depending on the age factor. As a result, coronavirus-19 phobia of basketball coaches serving in the Turkey Basketball Federation (TBF) and registered Basketball coach of Turkey's Basketball Coaches Association (TUBAD) is not related to gender and rank, but young coaches have been determined that most affected group psychologically. Likewise, it was concluded that coaches who did a different profession other than coaching were also adversely affected by the situation and this negative situation might have occurred with the concern of working in multiple groups.

10.
Sport in Society: Cultures, Commerce, Media, Politics ; 25(7):1307-1326, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1908632

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic created challenges that forced professional sport organizations to adapt to transforming media environments. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of the pandemic on sport organizations through dimensions of mediatization: perception, structure, and behavior. Data collection included South Korean and U. S. media outlets (newspapers articles and websites) and participants (three male and two female) who worked in the Departments of New Media and Promotion in the Korean Football and Professional Baseball leagues. Data analyses involved triangulation of evidence from newspapers, websites, and interviews. The findings of the study addressed four themes: disruptions and changes in communication environment, which occurred under an already heightened need for change to enter the global sport market, recognition of the need to develop new media content due to the worldwide impact of the pandemic, development of new media teams, and collaboration for the creation of new media content.

11.
Sport in Society: Cultures, Commerce, Media, Politics ; 25(7):1359-1372, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1908631

ABSTRACT

The aim of this work was to better understand the experience of Physical Activity and Sports sciences students from the University of A Coruna (Spain), during the COVID-19 confinement in terms of exercising and physical activity at home. The sample is made up of 65 students (55 men and 10 women) with an average age of 20.8 years. The research is qualitative and a diary was used as an information gathering technique. An inductive content analysis was carried out, based on thematic analysis procedures. Four analysis categories were used, including sport practice at home and sports habits. The results show that there was initial discouragement, since sport is considered as a vital necessity and they were unable to practice it. However, the students looked for solutions and designed exercise routines they could use during the confinement. These exercise routines reflected their sports habits and training knowledge, which enabled them to better cope with confinement.

12.
European Sport Management Quarterly ; 22(1):1-138, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1904356

ABSTRACT

This second volume of the 'Sport and COVID-19' special edition expands upon the themes of the first. Topics covered by the six papers include: corporate social irresponsibility's impact on a sporting goods brand;virtual sport behaviour of event participants;sport media coverage during the pandemic;and sport brand involvement and fan well-being during the pandemic.

13.
Academica Turistica ; 15(1):135-147, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1904150

ABSTRACT

The covid-19 pandemic has led to significant restrictions on sports and the sport tourism event industry. Consequently, event organisers must consider and implement new safety strategies to protect event attendees. This empirical study focuses on active runners and their intention to attend future running events following the covid-19 crisis, and the perception of how important they find some of the nonpharmaceutical safety-related protective measures when attending sporting events (e.g. limited number of people, prescribed minimum distance, no-contact payment etc.). To collect data, a survey questionnaire was conducted in February 2021 among the running community in Croatia. Besides descriptive statistics, anova and t-test were employed to test whether statistically significant differences exist in the perception of safety protective measures among participants depending on their motivation and the type of running event. Respondents are very impatient regarding events and it seems they do not perceive the safety protective measures as very important. The majority of respondents plan to attend one-day races in their home country within a few weeks and they are mostly motivated by competition and improvement of racing skills, socializing and fun. The type of motivation and the type of running event are not found to have a major influence on the perception of safety protective measures. Even though running is an outdoor sport, safety protective measures might be a challenge for event organizers in the future. Revealing the runners' intentions to visit running events and their attitudes towards safety protective measures, this study could shape event organizers' future managerial and security strategies.

14.
Journal of New Studies in Sport Management ; 3(2):466-473, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1904094

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of physical activity of faculty members at Allameh Tabatabai University during the coronavirus pandemic. This applied research has been done by a descriptive method. The statistical population of the study was the Allameh Tabatabai University faculty members in Iran. 284 people were selected through the available sampling method. A valid and reliable researcher-developed questionnaire was used for data collection, and a T-test was conducted for data analysis. The results of this study showed that the faculty members of the university do not have intense and moderate activities during the COVID-19 pandemic. But the general knowledge about the benefits of exercising during the coronavirus period has increased. In a general conclusion, COVID -19 crisis has created inactivity among university faculty members. Therefore, it is necessary to design and implement plans to increase the physical activity level among faculty members.

15.
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte ; 22(2):221-235, 2022.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1898191

ABSTRACT

This research intends to know the perceived barriers, as well as their predictor variables, in people who practice Physical Activity in fitness centers and were home confined due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The sample was conformed of 8,087 physical activity practitioners. An online questionnaire was administered by email. A descriptive analysis of the perceived barriers was done, and logistic regression analysis to determine possible predictor variables. The most important perceived barriers were price and a lack of safety. Age, gender, the vigorous physical practice frequency and the observation of the WHO recommendations would be the predictor variables to a larger extend for the perceived barriers. The results are relevant for sport organizations to plan their services offer post lockdown.

16.
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte ; 22(2):33-46, 2022.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1898005

ABSTRACT

A new virus called COVID-19, began to spread in Wuhan (China) since the end of 2019, and is now found all over the world. This virus, in addition to increasing the risk of death from infection, also increases psychological pressure on humanity. Samples were taken from college students from the different UANL faculties, using cluster sampling, which responded to a battery of questionnaires that included the 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7) and those asking about the basic information of participants. We received 1,658 responses. 1,658 responses were received. The results indicated that 0.6% of the respondents experienced severe anxiety, 1.8% moderate anxiety, and 12.1% mild anxiety. Likewise, the factors Living in Urban Areas (OR = 0.818, 95% CI = 0.702 - 0.914), Stability of Family Income (OR = 0.723, 95% CI = 0.633 - 0.807) and Living with Parents (OR = 0.752, 95 CI % = 0.585 - 0.952) were protective against anxiety. Practicing a team sport was a risk factor for anxiety. According to the study, it is suggested that sports students' mental health be monitored during the contingency caused by the COVID19 epidemic.

17.
Food Processing: Techniques and Technology ; 52(1):178-188, 2022.
Article in Russian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1893555

ABSTRACT

Healthy diet and lifestyle are especially important during the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, more and more people of all age groups are getting involved into various sports and healthy diets. These factors have boosted the development of the sports nutrition industry. The current situation requires detailed studies of consumer preferences and digital marketing communications. The present research objective was to identify the role of digital marketing communications in sports nutrition. The study featured the consumer preferences in the market of sports nutrition and included an on-line survey of 500 residents of the Kuzbass Region engaged in various sports. The obtained results underwent statistical, economic, and graphic analyses. Men aged 18-29 appeared to be the main consumers of sports nutrition in Kuzbass. Most of them (90%) relied on the competent advice from the seller or coach and purchased sports foods in specialized shops or online. The target audience of sports nutrition consumers is expanding, which requires new promotion means. Digital marketing tools proved extremely effective as they bring information to the target audience in a tailored manner via social nets or influential bloggers. The article contains some recommendations for producers and sellers of sports foods based on the requirements of the main target consumers and their preferences regarding the place of purchase, content, communication channels, etc. The priority is shifting from traditional marketing communication channels to digital ones, i.e. contextual, targeted, and viral advertising, social media promotion, consultations with a shop assistant or a fitness club coach, direct online marketing, sponsorship of various sports events, joint online promotions with fitness club, etc.

18.
International Journal of the History of Sport ; 38(18):1863-1879, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1890543

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to explore the impact of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games on Chinese sport and Chinese society as well as the international Olympic Movement and Games. It asks three questions: What have been the purported impacts of the Beijing Games on China's sport culture and practice? Did the 2008 Beijing Games contribute to the development of the Olympic movement? What, if any, social progress has been achieved through the Beijing Games? In answer to the first question, the paper explores how the Games sought to bring Olympic ideals and spirit to China and the Chinese sports authority used the Games to popularize Olympic ideals within the country. Olympic education programmes played an important role in spreading and popularizing Olympic knowledge and culture during the Beijing Games as well as during the post-Beijing Olympics era. The Games also provided a platform for the development of a volunteer programme which gave direct support to the hosting of the Beijing Games, but also developed a voluntary workforce which has continued to serve China's social and cultural development. In answer to the second question, China used the opportunity to help the world to understand China, its history, its people, its cultures, and its ambition, and future direction. China's promotion of an Olympic slogan and the three themes: One World and One Dream, the Green Olympics, and the Technological Olympics and Humanistic Olympics took the Olympic Movement and the Games to foster an intercultural Olympism, of 'One World' a twenty-first century phenomenon. Thirdly, the Games reflected economic and cultural changes since the 1980s when China opened its door to the outside world. However, the Games did not bring changes to the political system or to social structures in Chinese society. Nevertheless, it did give China the confidence to join the international sports community and gain rich experience to host the 2022 Winter Olympic Games in Beijing. Beijing, therefore, will become the first city to have hosted Summer and Winter Games in Olympic history, but the hosting of the 2022 Games will take place with China having grown in confidence and strength since the 2008 Games. The country is sufficiently confident to stage a successful Games despite the context of dealing with the Covid pandemic, the diplomatic boycott instigated by the USA, the objections of the sporting world to the treatment of the Chinese tennis star, Peng Shuai, and the environmental problems resulting from having to manufacture artificial snow.

19.
International Journal of the History of Sport ; 38(18):1959-1980, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1890542

ABSTRACT

With the entire world plunged into the COVID-19 pandemic, Tokyo 2020 '+1' became a symbol of people passing through a dark tunnel into the light. If a historical period can be regarded as liminal, special attention must be paid to the thoughts and practices in this period. Based on previous liminality/liminoid research by Gennep and Turner, this study explored the behaviour and performance of five communitas - the IOC, the TOC, the Government of Japan, athletes, and Japanese people in the process of separation and tunnel crossing. (1) The separation state of the five communitas differs from the category included in previous theories. Liminoids may not necessarily have been designed in advance, but can also spontaneously arise as a force for changes in major events or disasters. (2) As a liminoid event, the tunnel functions as a liminal experience and exhibits a special ontological status and state of 'reinforced structure'. (3) The IOC may hold a special 'X + Tokyo2020' Olympics in the future to bring those involved out of the liminality. (4) The idea of a tunnel could help the Olympic Games or other sports events open up new ideas and form a creative mode of resistance to uncertainty.

20.
Economic Journal ; 132(643):1218-1232, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1873889

ABSTRACT

During the COVID-19 pandemic, traditional (offline) chess tournaments were prohibited and instead held online. We exploit this unique setting to assess the impact of remote work policies on the cognitive performance of individuals. Using the artificial intelligence embodied in a powerful chess engine to assess the quality of chess moves and associated errors, we find a statistically and economically significant decrease in performance when an individual competes remotely versus offline in a face-to-face setting. The effect size decreases over time, suggesting an adaptation to the new remote setting.

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