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1.
Telemed J E Health ; 2022 Mar 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2107314

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Telemedicine is a relatively new adjunct in orthopedic care but it has emerged from the periphery, driven in part by the COVID-19 pandemic. Although it has drastically increased in use, little is known of the factors that drive satisfaction with telemedicine. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the patient's satisfaction with postoperative telemedicine visits in those undergoing knee or shoulder arthroscopy, and to analyze the factors associated with satisfaction with telemedicine. Methods: A prospective study was performed to evaluate satisfaction comparing postoperative telemedicine and in-office visits, in those undergoing shoulder and knee arthroscopy. Multiple factors were analyzed for correlation with satisfaction via multi-linear regression, including demographics such as gender, education, age, and race. Patients were also evaluated for preference for future visits with reference to the group in which they were placed. Results: Overall, 215 patients were included with a subgroup analysis of 93 patients receiving telemedicine visits. Patients reported overall similar satisfaction with telemedicine visits after shoulder and knee arthroscopy, with a high level of satisfaction seen in both. Female sex was found to be associated with decreasing satisfaction with telemedicine visits (p = 0.036). In addition, as a whole, the cohort was found to prefer future visits to be the same as the group they were placed in, but females statistically did not have this preference for their familiar group and were skewed toward the preference of in-person visits (p = 0.377). Conclusions: Our study found that female patients were less likely to be satisfied with postoperative telemedicine visits after knee or shoulder arthroscopy. Further, females were also less likely to indicate preference for future telemedicine visits. In contrast, education, history of prior surgery, age, and race were not associated with postoperative satisfaction.

2.
24th ACM International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices and Services, MobileHCI 2022 ; JOUR
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2098021

ABSTRACT

Over the last 15 years, we have witnessed a digitalization of the sports experience, i.e., many sports have been enhanced by digital and wearable devices. The centrality of the human body and the different contexts where sports can be practiced have led HCI research to explore how mobile and wearable devices could support the physical, social, and environmental aspects of sports disciplines. Yet, the field of HCI & sports continues to evolve under the push of new technological developments and events affecting people worldwide, such as the Covid-19 pandemic and climate change. Technological advancements like the metaverse, inbodied technologies, and AI have paved the way for augmented humans, esports, new forms of sociality, and new ways to engage the audience. Likewise, contextual factors push sports trends in two opposite directions simultaneously: on the one hand, they foster the indoorisation and individualization of sports;on the other hand, they encourage practicing sports outdoors and taking advantage of the "restorative environment"of nature. With this workshop, we would like to invite the MobileHCI community to discuss the current trends in portable technologies for sports and trace future directions for HCI research in this field. © 2022 Owner/Author.

3.
Telemed J E Health ; 2022 Oct 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2097293

ABSTRACT

Background: Telehealth has seen breakthroughs in many fields of medicine, but utilization remains limited in orthopedic sports medicine. The purpose of this investigation was to compare patient satisfaction, duration of care, and overall patient experiences with telehealth and in-person clinical visits for sports-related injuries. Methods: A cross-sectional survey study was conducted at an orthopedic sports medicine clinic during the peak of the COVID-19 pandemic between March and November 2020. Anonymous electronic surveys were used to record patient responses and statistical comparisons were drawn through two-sample t-tests. Results: A total of 175 patients (82 telehealth vs. 93 in-person) consented to participate in this investigation, and all were included in the final analysis. The overall composite satisfaction score, when compared between the two groups, did not differ (p = 0.63). Duration of care was significantly longer in the 93 patients who had in-person clinical visits as compared with the 82 patients who had telehealth visits (61/93: >31 min vs. 75/82: <30 min; p < 0.001). Finally, of the 82 patients who had telehealth, 3 respondents said they were "very unlikely" and "unlikely" to request another virtual clinical visit and/or recommend this mode of health care delivery to friends or family. Of the 93 patients had in-person clinical visits, only 15 respondents stated they were uninterested in telehealth under any circumstance. Conclusion: Most patients presenting to an orthopedic sports medicine clinic are open to telehealth, recognize its utility, and believe it to be just as comparable with in-person clinical visits. Level of Evidence: IV.

4.
J Sports Sci ; : 1-7, 2022 Oct 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2087478

ABSTRACT

We examined the effect of a COVID-19 infection on changes in exercise levels in recreational athletes in the first three months after infection, and identified personal factors associated with a larger change in exercise level and recovery time. Recreational athletes (n=4360) completed an online questionnaire on health and exercise levels. 601 Athletes have had a diagnostically confirmed COVID-19 infection, while 3479 athletes did not (non-COVID-19 group). Exercise levels (in MET-min/week) were examined prior to (2019) and during the COVID-19 pandemic (2020) for the non-COVID-19 group, and in 2019, 1-month pre-COVID-19 infection, 1-month post-COVID-19 infection and 3 months post-COVID-19 infection in the COVID-19 group. Median exercise level at baseline in the COVID-19 group was 3528 (IQR=1488-5760) MET-min/week. One-month post-COVID-19 infection, exercise level dropped 58% (2038 MET-min/week), which partly stabilized to 36% (1256 MET-min/week) below baseline values 3 months post-COVID-19 infection. Moreover, in both the COVID-19 (pre-COVID-19 infection) and non-COVID-19 group exercise levels during the pandemic decreased with ~260 MET-min/week. These results illustrate that even a relatively physically active population of recreational athletes is significantly affected by a COVID-19 infection, particularly those athletes who are overweight. COVID-19 disease burden, age, sex, comorbidities and smoking were not associated with reduced exercise levels.

5.
Podium ; 11(3):581-604, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2080792

ABSTRACT

Objetivo do estudo: investigar a produção científica sobre a literatura de turismo de futebol, desenvolvendo um panorama sobre as pesquisas acadêmicas relacionadas à temática. Metodologia/abordagem: revisão sistemática da literatura, de abordagem qualitativa e natureza exploratória-descritiva. Posto isso, após a pesquisa em três bases de dados, selecionaram-se 16 artigos publicados entre os anos de 2015 e 2020. Originalidade/Relevância: apesar do turismo de futebol ter ganhado notoriedade nos últimos anos, tanto no âmbito das publicações científicas quanto no aumento das viagens motivadas pelo interesse futebolístico, a análise dos avanços teóricos e metodológicos surge como inédito e indispensável. Principais resultados: observou-se que estes estudos buscam analisar o perfil e comportamento dos visitantes, as significações e motivações dos deslocamentos, os serviços ofertados pelos tours, os impactos decorrentes dos megaeventos esportivos e da Covid-19. No que diz respeito à metodologia, constatou-se um equilíbrio entre abordagens qualitativas e quantitativas, e um menor percentual (12,5%) de pesquisas com métodos mistos. Dessa forma, como destaque dos estudos qualitativos, citam-se as pesquisas de base etnográficas na área do turismo de futebol. Enquanto nas abordagens quantitativas, percebe-se uma inovação no modo de analisar os dados, com o uso dos métodos de Monte Carlo, da regressão quantílica incondicional, da análise fatorial confirmatória e da matriz de contabilidade social. Contribuições teóricas/metodológicas: a partir de uma análise das contribuições teóricas e metodológicas desses artigos, elaborou-se uma síntese para relatar como tais estudos abordam o deslocamento dos torcedores e a atratividade turística dos estádios, além dos procedimentos metodológicos aplicados nas pesquisas.Alternate :Objective of the study: to investigate the scientific production on football tourism literature, developing an overview of academic research related to the theme. Methodology/approach: systematic review of the literature, with a qualitative approach and exploratory-descriptive nature. Thus, after searching three databases, 16 articles published between the years 2015 and 2020 were selected. Originality/Relevance: despite football tourism having gained notoriety in recent years, both in the scope of scientific publications and in the increase in travel motivated by football interest, the analysis of theoretical and methodological advances emerges as unprecedented and indispensable. Main results: thus, it was noticed that these studies seek to analyze the profile and behavior of visitors, the motivations of displacements, the services offered by the tours, the impacts caused by sports megaevents and Covid-19. With regard to methodology, it was found a balance between qualitative and quantitative approaches, and a lower percentage (12.5%) of research using mixed methods. In this case, as a highlight of qualitative studies, ethnographic research in the field of football tourism stands out. While in quantitative approaches, there is an innovation in the way of analyzing data, with the use of Monte Carlo methods and unconditional quantile regression, in addition to the confirmatory factor analysis and the social accounting matrices. Theoretical/methodological contributions: from an analysis of the theoretical and methodological contributions of these articles, a synthesis was elaborated to report how such studies address the displacement of fans and the tourist attractiveness of stadiums, as well as the methodological procedures applied in the research.Alternate :Objetivo del estudio: investigar la producción científica sobre la literatura del turismo futbolístico, desarrollando un panorama de la investigación académica relacionada con el tema. Metodología/abordaje: revisión sistemática de la literatura, con un enfoque cualitativo y de carácter exploratorio-descriptivo. Dicho esto, luego de buscar en tres bases de datos, se seleccionaron 16 a tículos publicados entre 2015 y 2020. Originalidad/relevancia: aunque el turismo futbolístico ha ganado notoriedad en los últimos años, tanto en el ámbito de las publicaciones científicas como en el aumento de los viajes motivados por el interés futbolístico, el análisis de los avances teóricos y metodológicos se perfila como imprescindible. Principales Resultados: se observó que estos estudios buscan analizar el perfil de los visitantes, las motivaciones de los desplazamientos, los servicios que ofrecen los tours, los impactos resultantes de los megaeventos deportivos y Covid-19. En relación a metodología, hubo un equilibrio entre los enfoques cualitativo y cuantitativo, y un porcentaje menor (12,5%) de investigación con métodos mixtos. Así, entre los estudios cualitativos, se cita la investigación de base etnográfica en el área del turismo futbolístico. Entre los enfoques cuantitativos, hay una innovación en la forma de analizar los datos, con el uso de métodos de Monte Carlo y regresión cuantílica incondicional, además del análisis factorial confirmatorio y la matriz de contabilidad social. Contribuciones teóricas/metodológicas: a partir del análisis de los aportes teóricos y metodológicos de estos artículos, se elaboró una síntesis para relatar cómo dichos estudios abordan el movimiento de fanáticos y la atracción turística de los estadios, así como los procedimientos metodológicos aplicados en la investigación.

6.
Open Medicine ; - (1):1599-1611, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2079813

ABSTRACT

A multicenter cross-sectional survey study involving four Italian University Hospitals was performed to test the hypothesis that negative affect and positive affect (affective dimensions) mediate the association between risk perception (perceived risk of infection and death;cognitive dimensions) and the feeling of work exhaustion (WE) among obstetrics healthcare providers (HCPs) during the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Totally, 570 obstetrics HCPs were invited to complete the 104-item IPSICO survey in May 2020. A theoretical model built on the tested hypothesis was investigated by structural equation modelling. The model explained 32.2% of the WE variance. Only negative affect mediated the association between cognitive dimensions and WE and also the association between WE and psychological well-being before the pandemic, experiences of stressful events, female gender, and dysfunctional coping. Non-mediated associations with WE were observed for work perceived as a duty, experience of stressful events, support received by colleagues, and the shift strategy. Only previous psychological well-being, support by colleagues, and shift strategies were inversely associated with WE. Based on study results, monitoring negative than positive affect appears superior in predicting WE, with practical implications for planning psychological interventions in HCPs at the individual, interpersonal, and organizational levels.

7.
TOJET: The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology ; 20(4):16-22, 2021.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2073201

ABSTRACT

This study aims to analyze the intention of students studying at physical education and sports school to use synchronous virtual classroom environments during the Covid-19 pandemic period. The research was designed in a descriptive survey model with a quantitative approach. The study group of the research consists of 193 voluntary students studying at School of Physical Education and Sports in a State University in the spring semester of the 2020-2021 academic year. The data of the research were collected with the "Personal Information Form" and the "Synchronous Virtual Classroom Acceptance Scale" in order to determine the students' intention to use synchronous virtual classroom environments. It has been determined following the study that the intention of students to use synchronous virtual classroom environments is generally positive and these intentions are at higher level in the "Subjective Norm" and "Self-efficacy" sub-dimensions, and lower in the "Perceived Ease of Use" sub- dimension. We have found that the students' intention to use synchronous virtual classroom environments does not change significantly according to the variables of gender and the department they study, but changed significantly according to the variable of the class they studied while the students studying in the first year have more positive intentions to use the synchronous virtual classroom environments than the students studying in other classes. In addition, it has been concluded that the intention of using the synchronous virtual classroom environments of the students who have a personal computer and an internet-connected smart phone and the students who access the lessons from their home with a laptop computer is more positive than the other groups. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

8.
Medical Science ; 26(126), 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2072569

ABSTRACT

It has been recommended to implement physically active lifestyles against the negative consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. During the pandemic process, many healthcare professionals had to lead a stressful life due to long hours of intensive healthcare. This situation directly affected the burnout levels of physicians as well as indirectly affected patients seeking treatment. The goal of this study was to look into the effects of physicians' levels of participation in sports, their attitudes toward sporting recreational activities, and the effects of COVID-19 phobias on burnout. 272 physicians participated in the study. The Health Belief Scale Regarding Sports Recreational Activities (HBSSRA), Maslach Burnout Scale (MBI), and COVID-19 Phobia Scale (C19P-S) were used during data collection. Spearman correlation coefficient was used for correlation analysis, Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare groups, and logistic regression analysis was used to establish a model. MBI total and emotional exhaustion scores were significantly different according to the physicians' participation levels in sportive activities (P=0.740, P=0.136). Statistically significant correlation was found between HBSSRA and MBI total scores (r=-0.313, P=0.009). The probability of emotional exhaustion was 1.45 times higher in physicians with low level of participation in sports activities. The increase in HBSSRA scores had a protective effect on emotional burnout (P=0.028, OR: 0.72). We are hopeful that the findings obtained from physicians will highlight the importance of sports and recreational activities, paving the way for improvement strategies that will benefit those who are most affected by the COVID-19 crisis.

9.
Ieee Transactions on Games ; 14(3):511-521, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070471

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 has led to home quarantine in global scale, which increased people's need for indoor fitness activities in order to relieve stress/anxiety and learn knowledge well during the prevention. In this article, an augmented reality (AR) indoor exergame is developed, mainly a kind of moving target hitting task with Lomachenkos headwear speedball as the prototype. Then, a comparative experiment is performed to test the effect of the exergame in relieving anxiety, as well as the differences between AR and virtual reality modes (using HTC Vive Pro) on user experience (flow experience and motion sickness) and interaction efficiency. Results from 28 participants show that the anxiety level of participants significantly reduced after using the exergame. Although the difference on flow experience is not significant, there is a marginally significant difference on nausea level, a dimension of motion sickness. Moreover, interaction efficiency between the two modes is significantly different. In the task of moving target hitting, AR mode performed better in avoiding motion sickness and improving interaction performance.

10.
International Journal of Sports Marketing and Sponsorship ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070221

ABSTRACT

Purpose The usage of sport stadia for public service is increasingly common and may come in different forms. In the COVID-19 pandemic, this included sport entities hosting mass COVID-19 vaccinations at their stadiums. The purpose of this study was to examine the branding effects of a COVID-19 mass vaccination center as communicated by (1) a sport entity (i.e. stadium and its two teams) and (2) the public. Design/methodology/approach The authors analyzed the entity's social media messages related to the mass vaccination center for the three groups, the stadium and its two sports team tenants (N = 48) while comparing the public's social media content about the vaccination center (N = 187). An empirical material coding analysis was conducted. Findings The sport entity's posts revealed 12 codes, five categories and two themes communicated about their brand: In this together-community impact and showcasing brand attributes. The public posts analysis revealed 21 codes, eight categories and four themes, creating brand awareness, establishing/reaffirming brand attributes, affective response and in this together-community response. Originality/value The identification of the two organization themes and four public themes provided an initial examination of the mass vaccination efforts' impact on the sport entity's brand. With the rise of stadia being utilized as public service venues (e.g. voting centers and disaster shelters), the results of the study can provide guidance to communicating the host team's brand during these times. Results also suggest the public perception of such service reflected positive opportunities for brand exposure and subsequent effects for the teams.

11.
Managing Sport and Leisure ; : 1-9, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070062

ABSTRACT

Rationale: New technologies are an important tool for facilitating development of sports officials, particularly in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. 360 degrees VR presents an innovative opportunity for amateur officiating organisations to develop more game-like (i.e. representative) training opportunities outside of competition. Design: This commentary paper outlines 360 degrees VR from a constraints-led approach. Findings: This article provides a practical guide of how to design, develop, and deliver this innovative technology for officials. 360 degrees VR affords the opportunity to deliver more individualised training for officials, incorporating key environmental constraints such as crowd noise, and reproducing head movements that closely simulate scanning in a game. The rationale for 360 degrees VR as a more representative training tool is discussed, with future avenues for applying this technology described, which include psychological training, reflective practice, and developing decision-making skills. Practical implications: 360 degrees VR is a tool that can be used in a range of areas for developing sports officiating. While there are some limitations of this technology, there are many opportunities to engage with amateur officials using this technology which is considered more enjoyable and relevant. Research contribution: This commentary paper provides a theoretical rationale for using 360 degrees VR in sports officials from a constraints-led perspective, and is the first paper to do so in sports officiating.

12.
Wilderness Environ Med ; 2022 Oct 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2069789

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic impacted the ski industry worldwide by closing or limiting access to ski resorts. Subsequently, anecdotal reports of increased backcountry use emerged in the press, with concerns of inexperienced skiers causing or having problems in the backcountry. This study attempted to quantify this and identify motivations for new backcountry skiers. METHODS: Self-identified backcountry skiers and snowboarders (aged ≥18 y) in the United States and Canada completed an anonymous 29-question online survey distributed by regional avalanche centers, education providers, and skiing organizations (n=4792). Respondents were stratified by backcountry experience, defining "newcomers" who began backcountry skiing from 2019 to 2021, coincident with the COVID-19 pandemic. Percentages of ski days spent in the backcountry were compared before and during the COVID-19 pandemic using paired t-tests and across cohorts using repeated-measures analysis of variance. Avalanche education was compared using unpaired χ2 tests. RESULTS: Of established skiers, 81% noticed more people in the backcountry and 27% reported increasing their own use. Participants reported spending 17% (95% CI, 15.8-17.9) more of their days in the backcountry during the COVID-19 pandemic, with newcomers increasing their time spent by 36% and established skiers increasing their time spent by 13% (P<0.0001). Of newcomers, 27% cited the COVID-19 pandemic as motivation to enter the backcountry and 24% lacked formal avalanche education, which is significantly higher than the 14% of established skiers (P<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Influenced by factors related to COVID-19, reported backcountry use increased during the pandemic. Newcomers had a lower level of avalanche education and less confidence in evaluating terrain. Because 80% of participants were recruited from avalanche safety or education websites, this likely underestimates skiers lacking avalanche awareness or education and is further limited by the nature of online surveys.

13.
Apunts. Educació Física i Esports ; - (150):36-44, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2067084

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has had a significant impact on the functioning of many professional fields, including education. The aim of the study was to analyse what has happened in physical education in primary and secondary schools in Catalonia (Spain) during the COVID-19 pandemic. To this end, after a thorough review of the existing literature, a questionnaire was designed and implemented to identify the impact of COVID-19 in relation to changes in curricular decisions, attention to diversity and compliance with protocols, safety and hygiene standards generated by the pandemic in the classroom. To determine validity, the Delphi method was used, conducting a pilot test in the first phase and the analysis of two panels of experts in the following two phases, using Cronbach's alpha coefficient to delimit reliability. The questionnaire was answered by 629 primary and secondary physical education teachers, and the results showed that they made significant changes in the typology of teaching and learning activities and in the specification of curricular content, ensured physical distance between pupils, and ensured the application of health and safety protocols. There was an increased use of technology, both to facilitate communication with learners and to increase autonomy and self-regulation of learning. The methodological changes brought about by the pandemic are evident and envisage a hybrid model of physical education with a greater presence of technology.

14.
Apunts. Educació Física i Esports ; - (150):10-19, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2067083

ABSTRACT

Multi-component training has proven to be the best non-pharmacological strategy to reverse or delay the effects associated with ageing and frailty, which have both become a health emergency. The aim of this study was to analyse the impact of a period of lockdown following a multicomponent training programme on functional capacity, physical fitness and quality of life in older people. A total of 54 participants over the age of 65 were randomly divided into two groups. The intervention group performed 3 weekly sessions of 1 hour of multicomponent training, and the control group, 1 hour of light aerobic activity per week. The Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), Senior Fitness Test (SFT), Handgrip and EUROQOL-5D were used: Visual Analogue Scale (EQ-5D: VAS). At the end of lockdown, both groups became worse in SPPB, although the intervention group to a lesser extent (Control, -10.34%, p = .015, ES = .758;Intervention, -6.48%, p = .018, ES = .470). In addition, this group improved strength (Chair Stand, +11.12%, p = .002, ES = .632), and flexibility (Sit & Reach, -48.88%, p = .001, ES = .698) of the lower limb as well as agility and dynamic balance (Up & Go, -10.68%, p < .001, ES = .667), due to possible residual effects of training. Only the control group reduced their manual grip strength (-5.57%, p = .033, ES = .665). Conclusion: 9 weeks of multicomponent training in older people could mitigate the effects of a 15-week lockdown, but it is not possible to know with certainty due to the lack of a post-training measurement, which could not be performed because of the outbreak of the pandemic.

15.
Journal of Physical Education and Sport ; 22(7):1570-1580, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2067179

ABSTRACT

Background: Nowadays, there is great concern about gender inequality in many areas of the recent scenario;an aspect that is being pursued through the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), exactly through SDG 5;cooperative learning seems to be one of the ways to achieve gender equality in secondary school students. It is essential to investigate new methodologies to try to curb many of the problems that have been active for many years, and it is crucial to promote and encourage these values in society at the educational stages. However, there is still not enough research that has been carried out on this subject, so there is still much to learn. Therefore, the aim of this research is to analyse whether the effect of a didactic unit of Physical Education through cooperative learning shows improvements in the attitudes of coeducation in secondary school students. Method: A total of 131 secondary school students (74 females), with a mean age of 14.46 ± 0.64 years, carried out the study. A quasi-experimental, pre-post study was carried out using a control and experimental group. The sample was not randomised. For 5 weeks, the control group maintained normal Physical Education sessions, following a more traditional methodology based on direct command. Results: The experimental group, on the other hand, carried out the 5 sessions of the didactic unit based on the cooperative learning methodology, through mixed groupings. To assess the normality of the sample, the Kolmogorov Smirnov test was used to confirm that the sample was non-parametric. To measure the effect of the intervention, Mann Whitney and Wilcoxon tests were performed. The statistics showed that the experimental group was significantly higher than the control in two of its factors in the pre, but no significant differences were shown in the post. Conclusions: These findings do not verify the main objective of the study, perhaps as a consequence of the quantitative difference of the samples between groups and between stages (pre-post), or as a consequence of insufficient or erroneous programming. Finally, it would be interesting to evaluate the same results by segmenting by gender to see if more significant differences are shown.

16.
Biol Sport ; 39(4): 1103-1115, 2022 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2067012

ABSTRACT

Ramadan intermittent fasting during the COVID-19 lockdown (RIFL) may present unique demands. We investigated training practices (i.e., training load and training times) of athletes, using pre-defined survey criteria/questions, during the 'first' COVID-19 lockdown, comparing RIFL to lockdown-alone (LD) in Muslim athletes. Specifically, a within-subject, survey-based study saw athletes (n = 5,529; from 110 countries/territories) training practices (comparing RIFL to LD) explored by comparative variables of: sex; age; continent; athlete classification (e.g., world-class); sport classification (e.g., endurance); athlete status (e.g., professional); and level of training knowledge and beliefs/attitudes (ranked as: good/moderate/poor). During RIFL (compared to LD), athlete perceptions (ranges presented given variety of comparative variables) of their training load decreased (46-62%), were maintained (31-48%) or increased (2-13%). Decreases (≥ 5%, p < 0.05) affected more athletes aged 30-39 years than those 18-29 years (60 vs 55%); more national than international athletes (59 vs 51%); more team sports than precision sports (59 vs 46%); more North American than European athletes (62 vs 53%); more semi-professional than professional athletes (60 vs 54%); more athletes who rated their beliefs/attitudes 'good' compared to 'poor' and 'moderate' (61 vs 54 and 53%, respectively); and more athletes with 'moderate' than 'poor' knowledge (58 vs 53%). During RIFL, athletes had different strategies for training times, with 13-29% training twice a day (i.e., afternoon and night), 12-26% at night only, and 18-36% in the afternoon only, with ranges depending on the comparative variables. Training loads and activities were altered negatively during RIFL compared to LD. It would be prudent for decision-makers responsible for RIFL athletes to develop programs to support athletes during such challenges.

17.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(19)2022 Oct 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2066065

ABSTRACT

(1) Background: In recent years, new media and the integration of sport and medicine have promoted the rapid integration and development of the two fields of health and, to a certain extent, the pursuit of public health knowledge and the promotion of health concepts. However, the overall development process is at an early stage and the aim of this paper is to make an empirical analysis of its development through a SWOT-AHP model and give corresponding recommendations. (2) Methods: The SWOT-AHP model was constructed to quantitatively and qualitatively analyse the four dimensions of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats obtained through the Delphi method, with regard to development and to determine the strategic direction of its development. (3) Results: The strategic azimuth θ is -13.243° and the strategic coefficient p is 0.53699, in the diversification zone. (4) Conclusions: New media, as a fast track to empowering the integration of sport and medicine for health, is a field with a bright future, but its own strengths and external threats coexist and should be maximised to overcome the disruptions caused by external threats through a variety of measures.


Subject(s)
Power, Psychological , Public Health
18.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(19)2022 Oct 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2066061

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly affected local governments involved in sports and recreation in designated areas. The unprecedented scale of the spread of the disease has led to increased research in the area of the disease, considering various correlations. However, little has been written about the impact of the pandemic on local government spending on recreation and sports services in Poland. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the article is to assess the level of local government involvement in the implementation of sports and recreation in Poland compared to other European Union countries, as well as changes in this level in connection with the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic in the opinion of respondents. METHODOLOGY: In the study, the data regarding expenditures of local government units on recreational and sporting services collected in the Statistical Office of the European Union (EURO-STAT) for 2015-2020 were used. The survey portion was conducted among 1600 respondents who provided answers on a 5-item scale that addressed local government involvement in promoting physical activity among residents during COVID-19. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Local government spending on recreational and sporting services in Poland between 2015 and 2019 increased by about 38%, from EUR 1524.7 million in 2015 to EUR 2103.5 million in 2019. This spending in 2019 was about 40% higher than the average for European Union countries. In contrast, in 2020 it amounted to more than EUR 1886 million and was more than 10% lower compared to the previous year (2019)-the pre-pandemic period. Despite the obstacles caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and budgetary constraints, cities in Poland took several measures in 2020 to maintain the current pace of development and strived to maintain the status of modern, green, and open, betting on balanced development also in aspects related to sports or culture. It was shown that the opinion of respondents mostly coincided with the existing financial state-in voivodeships where there had been a decrease in spending related to sports and recreation compared to the pre-pandemic period, residents are worse at assessing the activities of local governments related to promoting physical activity.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Local Government , COVID-19/epidemiology , Exercise , Humans , Pandemics , Poland
19.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(19)2022 Oct 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2066023

ABSTRACT

Air pollution may change people's gym sports behavior. To test this claim, first, we used big data crawler technology and ordinary least square (OLS) models to investigate the effect of air pollution on people' gym visits in Beijing, China, especially under the COVID-19 pandemic of 2019-2020, and the results showed that a one-standard-deviation increase in PM2.5 concentration (fine particulate matter with diameters equal to or smaller than 2.5 µm) derived from the land use regression model (LUR) was positively associated with a 0.119 and a 0.171 standard-deviation increase in gym visits without or with consideration of the COVID-19 variable, respectively. Second, using spatial autocorrelation analysis and a series of spatial econometric models, we provided consistent evidence that the gym industry of Beijing had a strong spatial dependence, and PM2.5 and its spatial spillover effect had a positive impact on the demand for gym sports. Such a phenomenon offers us a new perspective that gym sports can be developed into an essential activity for the public due to this avoidance behavior regarding COVID-19 virus contact and pollution exposure.


Subject(s)
Air Pollutants , Air Pollution , COVID-19 , Air Pollutants/analysis , Air Pollution/analysis , Beijing/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Environmental Monitoring/methods , Exercise , Humans , Pandemics , Particulate Matter/analysis
20.
Psicol Reflex Crit ; 35(1): 33, 2022 Oct 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2064865

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Pandemic-induced lockdowns disrupted sport training and competition. We aimed to identify the impact on the mental health of high-level athletes and clarify whether the effects differ for team-based and individual athletes. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey, stratified by sex and sport type, collected demographic data and mental health measurements from 274 Brazilian high-performance athletes (142 from team sports and 132 from individual sports) involved with the Brazilian Olympic Committee program for the Tokyo Olympics 2021. Depression, disturbed sleep, and anxiety were assessed by the 9-Item Patient Health Questionnaire, 7-Item Insomnia Severity Index, and 7-Item Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale respectively. Responses were analyzed dichotomously according to published threshold values, characterizing the relative frequency distribution of prevalence (PCRS) or non-prevalence of clinically relevant symptoms (NPCRS). RESULTS: Out of all participants, 47 [17.1%], Z(274) = 15.38, p = .001, 32 [11.7%], Z(274) = 17.94, p = .001, and 49 [17.9%], Z(274) = 15.04, p = .001 had PCRS of anxiety, insomnia, and depression, respectively. There were no significant differences in the PCRS among genders. Compared with individual sport athletes, team sport athletes were more likely to report PCRS of insomnia (12 [37.5%] vs 20 [62.5%], Z(274) = -2.00, p = .046), and depression (18 [36.7%] vs 31 [63.3%], Z(274) = -2.63, p = .009) but not for anxiety. CONCLUSION: Athletes reported high levels of mental health problems during the lockdown. Team sport athletes reported worse symptoms of insomnia and depression than individual sport athletes, possibly due to the impact of unaccustomed social isolation and lack of social team activity. Therefore, it becomes relevant to consider psychological support to team sport athletes who for some reason, such as a pandemic, enduring crisis even injury rehabilitation needs to be isolated.

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