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1.
Dental Journal ; 55(2):99-104, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040549

ABSTRACT

Background: The global epidemic of COVID-19 has reached an emergency status in the health system, including dentistry. The dentist profession is inseparable from the possibility of direct or indirect contact with microorganisms in the patient's blood or saliva. National and international dental associations, such as Persatuan Dokter Gigi Indonesia and the American Dental Association, have published practice protocols that must be applied by dentists who choose to continue practicing during the COVID-19 pandemic. Dentists' knowledge of practice protocols in the current situation is very important, as it enables dentists to take infection control measures against virus transmission in the dental practice environment. Strong knowledge can have a positive impact on the psychological state of dentists, such as by reducing the anxiety level of dentists when treating patients during the pandemic. Purpose: To determine the correlation between the level of knowledge of dentists regarding practice protocols and the level of anxiety that they face regarding practicing during the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia.

2.
PLoS Global Public Health ; 2(8), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2039236

ABSTRACT

The international tourist destination of Bali reported its first case of Coronavirus Disease 2019 or COVID-19 in March 2020. To better understand the extent of exposure of Bali's 4.3 million inhabitants to the COVID-19 virus, we performed two repeated cross-sectional serosurveys stratified by urban and rural areas. We used a highly specific multiplex assay that detects antibodies to three different viral antigens. We also assessed demographic and social risk factors and history of symptoms. Our results show that the virus was widespread in Bali by late 2020, with 16.73% (95% CI 12.22-21.12) of the population having been infected by that time. We saw no differences in seroprevalence between urban and rural areas, possibly due to extensive population mixing, and similar levels of seroprevalence by gender and among age groups, except for lower seroprevalence in the very young. We observed no difference in seroprevalence between our two closely spaced surveys. Individuals reporting symptoms in the past six months were about twice as likely to be seropositive as those not reporting symptoms. Based upon official statistics for laboratory diagnosed cases for the six months prior to the survey, we estimate that for every reported case an additional 52 cases, at least, were undetected. Our results support the hypothesis that by late 2020 the virus was widespread in Bali, but largely undetected by surveillance.

3.
IOP Conference Series : Earth and Environmental Science ; 10, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2037317

ABSTRACT

Electricity in Bali majorly is supplied by power plants in Java which use fossil-fuelled. With petroleum and coal reserves to run out by 2025, Bali Government has issued Governor Ordinance No. 45/2019 concerning clean energy in encouraging Balinese to use rooftop solar photovoltaic (PV). As backboned tourism industry, Bali has drastically been declining due to COVID-19 causing most hotels and their supporting industries closed, the government then has changed the orientation from urban tourism to rural tourism. This paper proposes rooftop solar PV power plant program in the tourism village representing all 8 regencies and 1 municipality (Sudaji in Buleleng, Catur and others in Bangli, Tenganan in Karangasem, Kerta in Gianyar, Blimbingsari in Jembrana, Paksebali in Klungkung, Bongan in Tabanan, Bongkasa in Badung, and Sanur Kauh in Denpasar). Recent studies show huge potential for solar energy in Bali and the program is aligned with Sustainable Development Goals (Bali SDGs). The study elaborates problems in implementing the program since solar PV is still new and traditions could hinder the people in the tourism village to utilize it. Behaviour approach must be explored to make the program can be successfully done.

4.
Vaccine Research ; 8(1):73-80, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2026849

ABSTRACT

Vaccine safety surveillance is important to identify and manage adverse events following immunisation (AEFI) and avoid vaccine hesitancy. Currently, COVID-19 vaccines are administered to large numbers of people to try and curb the pandemic. In this paper, quantitative methods for causality assessment of AEFI are described. Qualitative methods for causality assessment involve an expert panel reviewing each AEFI report to determine whether the AEFI can be attributed to the vaccine. Each AEFI is determined to be classified as consistent, inconsistent, indeterminate or unclassifiable in terms of causality. Quantitative approaches can strengthen causality assessment outcomes. However, the potential for bias and errors should be considered for each safety signal identified. Vaccine and population specific factors may affect AEFI incidence, with a need to obtain background rates to frame safety signals identified into the local context. Several case scenarios from the vaccine safety surveillance in Brunei are used to illustrate the practical application of quantitative approaches for AEFI causality assessment (including comparison of AESI incidence to background rates and disproportionality analysis), which complement the traditional qualitative methods.

5.
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi / Periodic Epidemiology Journal ; 10(2):219-226, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2026044

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can infect the human respiratory system and causes 6.93% of all deaths in East Java Province. Comorbid diabetes mellitus and hypertension can exacerbate COVID-19 patients. Purpose: This study aims to analyze the relationship between diabetes mellitus and hypertension with mortality in COVID-19 Patients in Lamongan District.

6.
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi / Periodic Epidemiology Journal ; 10(2):210-218, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2026043

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a new type of coronavirus, and as of September 11, 2020, 210,940 cases have been reported spread across all provinces in Indonesia. Central Java is the province with the 3rd highest cumulative case as of August 24, 2020. On the other hand, Klaten District ranks 11th out of 35 Districts/Cities in Central Java, and it is classified as a moderate risk zone area. Purpose: This study aims to describe the Covid-19 cases in Klaten District.

7.
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi / Periodic Epidemiology Journal ; 10(2):179-188, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2026042

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by a new type of virus named SARS-CoV-2. There is still no specific treatment for COVID-19;the antibiotic is used for therapy and to prevent severe disease, so the increasing use of antibiotics in COVID-19 patients will lead to a detrimental impact and the risk of antibiotic resistance. Purpose: This study aims to analyze antibiotic use frequency and determine the number of DDD per 100 bed-days in July - December 2020 at Bhayangkara Hospital Surabaya.

8.
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi / Periodic Epidemiology Journal ; 10(2):169-178, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2026041

ABSTRACT

Background: Dengue hemorrhagic fever cases increased significantly during the COVID-19 pandemic phase. Purpose: This study defines, describes, and evaluates the dengue hemorrhagic fever incidence in Bali Province from 2015 to 2020 and in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.

9.
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi / Periodic Epidemiology Journal ; 10(1):103-110, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2026039

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has infected many people and impacted the political, economic, social, cultural, defence, security aspects, and welfare of society. One of the regions of Indonesia with the most cases is East Java Province which has reached more than 46,984 confirmed cases. Purpose: This study aimed to analyze self-awareness and the amount of risk in terms of knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of the people of East Java Province with compliance with the COVID-19 health protocol after the adaptation of new habits.

10.
IOP Conference Series : Earth and Environmental Science ; 976(34), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2001167

ABSTRACT

Feline Panleukopenia Virus (FPV), Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP), Feline Calici Virus (FCV), and other cat's viral diseases were reported in Indonesia. Viral diseases that appear usually appear in each season with different intensities depending on the type of virus. The research data was taken from Animal Hospital Prof. Soeparwi's medical record in 2017-2019 along with rainfall, humidity, and temperature data in the Yogyakarta area in 2017-2019 obtained from the Climatology and Geophysics Meteorology Agency (BMKG). Disease data are grouped by diagnosis;temperature, humidity, and rainfall data. Data analysis was performed with Microsoft Excel 2016 in the form of a frequency chart and descriptive. The results of the analysis between the incidence patterns of FPV, FIP, FCV, Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis (FVR), and Papilloma with climatic conditions in the dry and rainy season periods show patterns that vary depending on the character of the virus that causes the disease. High incidence in the rainy season is seen in FPV and FCV, for FIP the incidence of each season is almost the same in each year, whereas the incidence of FVR and Papilloma can be higher in the rainy season and sometimes also can be higher in the dry season. These findings indicate that the incidence of viral diseases in cats has a seasonally based pattern of events.

11.
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia ; 42(1):18-25, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1994967

ABSTRACT

Background: Comorbidity is a major factor in determining the outcome of COVID-19. However, existing studies regarding comorbidities and the disease severity and mortality of COVID-19 are mostly based on studies in the whole community, and not on those admitted to hospitals. This study aims to determine the demographic profile of comorbidities among COVID-19 patients hospitalized in tertiary care referral hospitals and its association with disease severity and mortality.

12.
Bioscientia Medicina ; 6(9):2122-2126, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1975859

ABSTRACT

Background: The elderly and geriatric population is the population most at risk for complications of COVID-19. Preliminary data show that individuals aged >59 years are estimated to experience five times more severe COVID-19 symptom onset than those aged 30 to 59 years. Nutritional status is believed to play a role in the body's ability to produce antibodies after COVID-19 vaccination.

13.
Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health ; 7(2):167-174, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1965027

ABSTRACT

Backround: The COVID-19 pandemic has a psychological impact on society, namely anxiety. Factors that influence anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic are age, education level, occupation, and history of being diagnosed with COVID-19. This study aims to determine the risk factors for anxiety in housewives during the COVID-19 pandemic. Subjects and Method: An observational analytic study with a cross sectional approach was conducted in South Purwokerto, Central Java. The sample is 70 housewives selected by simple random sampling. The dependent variable is anxiety. independent variables were age, education, occupation, and COVID-19 infection. Anxiety was measured by the Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HRS-A) questionnaire. Other variables were collected by questionnaire. Data were analyzed using Chi-square.

14.
Indonesian Journal of Medicine ; 6(4):430-438, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1924934

ABSTRACT

Background: Covid-19 has been declared a pandemic since March 2020 until now, so the government requires the provision of a covid-19 vaccine for all people. The government's vaccination campaign has received various responses from the public, some people accept and some reject the Covid-19 vaccine. This study aims to determine the relationship between public perception of the acceptance of the COVID-19 vaccine in Surakarta. Subjects and Methods: The cross sectional study was conducted in Surakarta. A sample of 65 people aged >12 years was selected by random sampling. The dependent variable was the willingness to receive the covid-19 vaccine. Tthe independent variable was perception. Data was collected by online questionnaire (google form). Data were analyzed by chi square test.

15.
Bali Medical Journal ; 10(3 Special Issue):1285-1288, 2021.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1912310

ABSTRACT

Background: The current Covid-19 pandemic is not over. Everyone still needs to do Covid-19 prevention behavior. One of them is children. Children need special ways to understand how to prevent Covid-19 easily. Storytelling is an alternative to convey advice to children, introducing children to moral and social values. This study aimed was to determine the effect of storytelling on Covid-19 prevention behavior in school-age children.

16.
Bali Medical Journal ; 10(3 Special Issue):1273-1278, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1912308

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome- Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) had spread worldwide. Nurses as health care workers (HCWs) are at great risk of contracting the virus, so they are prioritized for accepting the Covid-19 vaccination. This study aimed to determine the intention of nurses to accept the covid-19 vaccination. Method: This online survey was given to all nurses in East Java who are scheduled to get the Covid-19 vaccine and had not been confirmed of Covid-19. This survey was conducted during 20th-27th February 2021 and distributed through social media. Data analysis used using an ordinal logistic regression. Result: A total of 150 nurses in East Java responded to this survey. Most of the participants were female (68.67%), aged 30- 39 years (59.33%), married (67,33%), worked less than 10 years (58.33%), graduated from Ners (60%), worked in non-covid rooms (70%), had good knowledge about vaccines (85,33%), and had no anxiety about receiving the covid-19 vaccine (66%). There were 69.33% of nurses intend to accept vaccination, 14% had no intention to accept vaccination, and 16.67% were still unsure. Intention to accept vaccination was influenced by marital status (p = 0.043) and anxiety level (p = 0.041).

17.
Bali Medical Journal ; 10(3 Special Issue):1199-1205, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1912307

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Community preparedness is a context that connects individuals and an organization or society. Disaster management does not only focus on emergency response efforts and restoring the situation and post-disaster reconstruction, but is more focused on the pre-disaster stage (pre-disaster) with efforts to increase community capacity and response to disasters or community preparedness. The purpose of this study is to explore in depth how the community's self-protection against the disaster preparedness of the corona virus disease COVID-19 pandemic.

18.
Bali Medical Journal ; 10(3 Special Issue):1058-1065, 2021.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1912305

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 case is a recent problem faced by people worldwide, including in Temanggung Regency. The local government has made various efforts to reduce the spread of the COVID-19 virus, namely by enforcing public health protocols such as physical distancing, prohibition of going to hometown, quarantine system, wearing masks, implementing handwashing and temperature measurement in every place to limiting community activities. However, many people have not obeyed the rules that the COVID-19 cases in the area increase. This study aims to identify the factors that influence the implementation of health protocols in the community in the Temanggung Regency. Method: This study used a qualitative method. Data were collected using in-depth interviews with 12 participants consisting of the community, village officials, and health workers selected using the purposive sampling technique. The instrument used was an interview guide. In addition, unstructured observations were carried out to identify the community's implementation of current health protocols. The data validity test was conducted by triangulating sources, methods, and peer debriefings. Thematic data analysis was carried out using Open code 4.02 software.

19.
Bali Medical Journal ; 10(3 Special Issue):1216-1219, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1912304

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronavirus (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV2) virus. This disease is transmitted from human to human, where most of (COVID-19) infected people experience mild to moderate respiratory disease and recover without requiring special care. Health education is a top priority and is one of the effective nursing interventions to improve knowledge level and public awareness about the importance of correct understanding regarding COVID-19. The researcher was aimed to analyze knowledge level differences of Posbindu (Integrated guided care) participants in Puskesmas (Community Health Center) Gesi regarding COVID-19 disease before and after the implementation of health education.

20.
Bali Medical Journal ; 10(3 Special Issue):1053-1057, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1912303

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The anxiety of pregnant women during the Covid-19 pandemic increased compared to pregnancy in ordinary conditions because pregnant women are one of the populations vulnerable to Covid-19 infection. The Covid-19 Pandemic can affect the health of pregnant women and fetuses, even feared increased morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to determine the anxiety of pregnant women, especially related to maternal and infant health in the Covid-19 pandemic. Method: This research is using a quantitative descriptive method with a cross-sectional design. The sample in this study were all pregnant women who were willing to take part in this study. Respondents came from three islands in Indonesia, namely Java, Sulawesi and Sumatra. The sampling technique used accidental sampling;as many as 20 respondents carried out checks at health facilities during the pandemic Covid-19. Researchers adopted the Pregnancy Stress Rating Scale (PSRS) instrument for 36 items statement and converted it in a google form for online surveys. The data analysis in this study used a frequency distribution.

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