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1.
14th IEEE International Conference of Logistics and Supply Chain Management, LOGISTIQUA 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2161475

ABSTRACT

The Covid-19 crisis had a devastating impact on supply chains. As a consequence as they were not prepared, many companies were severely impacted. The supply difficulties that arose with the pandemic revealed the fragility of these chains and the strong dependence of our economy on external sourcing. The COVID-19 crisis called into question the ability of companies to anticipate new risks, particularly health hazards when defining their supply chain strategy. It is in such situations that the importance of adopting an agile strategy inside the organization shows. So, faced with such a serious situation, Moroccan companies have been forced to rethink their strategies by implementing new agile practices allowing them to adapt to this critical context. In this perspective, the present research paper aims to explore the main agile managerial practices implemented within Moroccan companies to support their supply chains during the covid-19 health crisis. To do so, a qualitative approach of an exploratory nature was adopted. Semi-directive interviews were conducted with eight logistics managers from various sectors. This research is mainly focused on the exploration of an original concept in the strategic and organizational management of Moroccan supply chains, which is agility that has been poorly studied in the past especially within Moroccan companies. The originality also relates to the current status of the research field as the subject will be treated in the current context of the covid-19 health crisis. © 2022 IEEE.

2.
14th IEEE International Conference of Logistics and Supply Chain Management, LOGISTIQUA 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2161472

ABSTRACT

The Covid-19 pandemic [1] has severely disrupted companies' activities, especially in their supply chains. Indeed, the crisis has generated a disruption of supplies and therefore of supply and demand in different countries [2], a transformation of customer and supplier paradigms [3], and a revitalization of transport and logistics modes ([4];[1]). If the crisis continues to disrupt both the design and the management of companies' supply chains [5], the measurement of their performance, which is already largely controversial, must be revisited. This study aims at proposing the measurement of the performance of SCs with respect to the challenges and opportunities induced by the current COVID-19 pandemic. Its objective is to propose a prospective model for evaluating this performance in the post-pandemic period. The study analyzes the existing literature and proposes a set of indicators to measure the performance of SCs through a prospective approach. The indicators selected are relatively global and integrate financial and non-financial, strategic, tactical and operational dimensions. © 2022 IEEE.

3.
14th IEEE International Conference of Logistics and Supply Chain Management, LOGISTIQUA 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2161468

ABSTRACT

Supply chains SC increasing complexity has made it more and more vulnerable to an array of disruptions and disturbances especially in an unstable and volatile environment. Transportation and distribution functions being an integral part of the supply chain and the last phase to touch the costumers, can be impacted high negatively by some risks. That's has been exposed by the arrival of the coronavirus pandemic which crippled the whole SC both globally and locally. This paper presents a case study based on a survey that addresses supply chains risks which are generated in both transportation and distribution systems of 50 Moroccan companies and the ones which are implemented in the Moroccan territory in the Covid-19 era. The study reveals some measures and strategies that companies have and can implement to withstand and cope with the risks caused by the health crisis disruptions such as the rising importance of integration, digitalization and the need to revisit the meaning of efficiency in transportation and distribution management. © 2022 IEEE.

4.
14th IEEE International Conference of Logistics and Supply Chain Management, LOGISTIQUA 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2161466

ABSTRACT

This article examines the sustainability of the supply chain of fruits and vegetables (SCF V), in Meknes, Morocco, in relation with Covid-19 pandemic. Our methodology is based on a theoretical framework associated with the dimensions of sustainability (economic, social, environmental, territorial and health). We mobilize a database resulting from 121 surveys conducted among producers, distributors and consumers. To process the collected data, we have chosen the method of weighting the sub-indicators by maximizing scores from the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) approach and the method of weighting by arithmetic means. The results show that the overall durability of SCFV/Meknes has improved considerably, especially during the strict containment related to COVID-19. © 2022 IEEE.

5.
14th IEEE International Conference of Logistics and Supply Chain Management, LOGISTIQUA 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2161464

ABSTRACT

In several economic sectors, the COVID-19 has impacted the organisation of supply chain. Companies had to face a dramatic decrease in their order books. Traditional sales forecasting methods were unable to anticipate this abrupt interruption in the delivery of finished products. The production schedule initially planned was revised downwards and the raw materials ordered, according to an MRP-type calculation, were not consumed. The increase in raw material stocks, due to its importance on the companies' cash flow, became a strategic and priority issue. It was in this context that the aeronautical group Hutchinson set up an inventory segmentation based on an indicator: the just needed. Our article describes this method, known internally as Stock Segmentation Raw Material (SSRM), and assesses its advantages and limitations. © 2022 IEEE.

6.
14th IEEE International Conference of Logistics and Supply Chain Management, LOGISTIQUA 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2161462

ABSTRACT

Industry in Morocco is facing one of the hardest crises in its history due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Companies are managing several changes and reforms into their business model based on Industry 4.0 transformation, mainly on their supply chain. Two objectives are targeted: enhance innovation inside the supply chain processes and strengthen supply chain resilience and sustainability in front of this crisis, and also the relative environment's changes. Our paper investigates the CO VID-19 pandemic impact on the main factors empowering this innovation and sustainability during 2020 and 2021. It evaluates a business model considering six constructs with the mediation of industry 4.0 technological systems in achieving sustainable supply chain innovation. The evaluation is based on data analysis using SEM P LS method to provide the model validation and reliability. © 2022 IEEE.

7.
Journal of Physics: Conference Series ; 2381(1):012114, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2160843

ABSTRACT

SARS-Cov-2, or COVID-19, is a new emergent human-transmitting disease, which has caused a worldwide pandemic crisis affecting every aspect of our life. With the latest medical enhancements, vaccines from numerous medical companies (Pfizer, Moderna, Sinovac, etc.) have been proven effective in controlling the hospitalization and deaths caused by COVID-19. Cold-chain transportation of vaccines is a crucial part of providing vaccination. The standard procedure is to store vaccines at low temperatures, around 2°C to 8°C, during any time of transportation. However, due to the uncertainty in this process, a well-developed, monitored cold-chain logistics network is demanded. This paper explores the optimization of the contributing factors, involving data analysis and applied mathematical models, focusing on a case study of the Ontario, Canada area. The simulated results provide a general concept and indication for the administrators and regulators to design and achieve a suitable and fair distribution of vaccines.

8.
MIT Sloan Management Review ; 64(1):1-8, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2157044

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has ushered in an era of supply chain disruption and unpredictability that has severely challenged many companies' planning and processes, and revealed how far prevailing practices are from the ideal. An MIT Center for Transportation and Logistics poll conducted online at the onset of the pandemic revealed that only 16% of organizations had an emergency response center -- an established best practice for mitigating and recovering from unplanned interruptions in the physical flow of goods. Unsurprisingly, given the pandemic's disruptive effects, the same poll found that the highest ambition of supply chain managers was to bolster their risk management protocols and tools. The problem with crisis-driven supply chain initiatives that are focused on protocols and tools is that they are only as effective as the ability of the organization to use them. Having that ability requires the systematic development of capabilities to manage for supply disruptions. These capabilities are combinations of people, policies, processes, and technologies that ensure companies can not only plan for and respond to known business and operating risks but also--and more importantly--manage unknown-but-knowable threats and their associated consequences.

9.
8th International Food Operations and Processing Simulation Workshop, FoodOPS 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2156280

ABSTRACT

In complex systems such as a food supply chain, where integrated flows of materials and information take place beyond the boundaries of individual companies, a substantial degree of inherent uncertainty cannot be avoided. That uncertainty may increase significantly when unexpected disruptions occur. Evidence of this is given by the recent - and still ongoing - crisis due to the coronavirus pandemic (commonly known as COVID-19), which is expected to create an economic depression even more severe than the 2008 financial crisis. This has been already observed in some economic sectors such as travel and tourism, food and agriculture, retail, healthcare systems and academic institutions. This paper grounds on a bibliographic analysis of articles and studies that have already been conducted about the impact of COVID-19 on supply chains and logistics processes, with a specific focus on the food systems, with the purpose of gaining a better understanding of this topic and of finding out how it may develop in the coming years. From the literature, a questionnaire was delineated as used as the basis for carrying out an empirical analysis on this topic, by means of an interview with a company working in the food sector. During the interview, the (medium-term) consequences of the pandemic on the food supply chains are investigated, focusing on logistics processes, whose stability has been challenged by numerous factors. The findings of the interview are presented and discussed, with the ultimate aim to highlight how COVID-19 has contaminated the logistics functions, definitely changing the way of approaching and acting within a supply chain. A series of reflections about the results obtained from the various research studies carried out, providing suggestions for possible future developments are finally presented. © 2022 The Authors.

10.
10th International Workshop on Innovative Simulation for Health Care, IWISH 2021 ; : 84-89, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2156275

ABSTRACT

Simulation has, over multiple decades, achieved a remarkable record of improving operational efficiency and effectiveness in many areas - manufacturing, supply chains (including commercial transportation and logistics), health care, public-sector transport, service industries, and military operations. About 2/3 through the twentieth century, simulation's earliest successes appeared in the manufacturing sector. These successes began with attention to value-added operations (e.g., at machines often entailing high capital investments) and rapidly spread to the non-value-added but very necessary material-handling requirements within factories. SARS-CoV-2, (COVID-19) has caused a rapid, widespread change in patient care across the globe. New health and safety guidelines have been established by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (Health Care Guidelines, 2020). Still, it has been left to individual facilities to address and implement solutions to new standards for social distancing and cleanliness. Here we develop a discrete-event simulation model to simulate an outpatient laboratory clinic, including check-in and patient interaction, to determine if changes lead to increased efficiency and reduce patient wait times, without increasing staffing or additional resources. Under the aegis of the University of Michigan Medical Group (UMMG), this simulation is validated against real data of waiting time at the University of Michigan Canton Health Center (UMCHC) during the height of the pandemic. © 2021 The Authors.

11.
2022 International Conference on Sustainable Islamic Business and Finance, SIBF 2022 ; : 85-90, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2152527

ABSTRACT

Gross Domestic Product is the aggregate value of all final services and products generated by the country during the measurement period, including private inventories, paid-in capital expenditures, government purchases, personal consumption, and the balance of international commerce. During the Pandemic period of the last two years, the COVID-19 outbreak has caused chaos in the worldwide economy. Sickness outbreaks, supply-chain disruptions, and, more recently, inflation have made policymaking exceedingly difficult. This research aims to forecast GDP (Gross Domestic Product) per capita for the coming years while also examining historical and present trends in India. This study's objective is to forecast India's future GDP per capita over ten years, from 2021 to 2030, using ARIMA. According to a study, India's GDP per capita has been growing during the last 10 years, and this movement is likely to last over the following ten years. © 2022 IEEE.

12.
IOP Conference Series. Earth and Environmental Science ; 1101(4):042014, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2151789

ABSTRACT

The increase of population in large cities of New Zealand (NZ), propelled by the massive number of immigrants after COVID, has caused a shortage in housing supply. Prefabrication has been advocated as a potential solution to this problem. Its uptake in NZ is relatively low despite its benefits. So, building capacity and more capability are essential for the prefabricated housing (PH) supply chain (SC) by identifying obstacles and proposing methods to tackle them. This research aims to assess and map the SC for prefabricated housing projects (PHP) in NZ. The investigations include key industries, trades and skills in this construction system. For this purpose, a comprehensive analytical approach is followed, integrating bibliometric search and qualitative discussion: 1) recent PH research keywords, pros&cons;to identify factors limited PH sector to deliver NZ supply requirements 2) study gaps in PH sector 3) prefabricated construction research directions in the future. Results show lower uptake of prefabrication through SC and knowledge, negative perception, skill shortage, cost and finance, lack of coordination and communication, site operations, design shortage, and lack of design alteration to respond to site. Consequently, various influential factors hindering its uptake were discussed, and identifying the industries, parties and trades involved was performed.

13.
IOP Conference Series. Earth and Environmental Science ; 1101(3):032037, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2151786

ABSTRACT

The global COVID-19 pandemic has impacted the construction industry. The pandemic caused wide international disruption to employment, supply chain, costs, skills, and other aspects, and it caused huge uncertainty. Around the world, governments dealt with the crisis in different manners. This study investigates the ways New Zealand responded to this pandemic and examined the effects of its governance on the construction industry. This is done through examining and analysing government records and guidelines in response to COVID-19 at different stages and alert levels. Relevant government information portals and websites such as “Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment”, “Construction Sector Accord”, and “Covid.govt.nz” are investigated to find guidelines and information to help the construction industry respond to the impacts of COVID-19. These guidelines and information were compared to understand how similar these recommended responses were. The findings show the mitigating implications and solutions to the construction industry’s current disruption and demonstrate the similarity of the recommended solutions.

14.
Sustainable Futures ; 5:100102, 2023.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2150584

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to investigate how the COVID-19 crisis affected delivery security and firms’ preparedness and responses in Norway. Investigations focus on supply chains which were critical for maintaining the supply of essential goods when large parts of society closed down. This includes four firms belonging to food and pharmaceutical industries, representing different parts of the respective supply chains, and covering imports, exports, domestic distribution, and home-delivery services. The originality of this article is that we employ theoretical models on supply chain risk management, resilience and reliability in conjunction, where these are usually used separately. Recognizing links, overlaps, and complementarity between the models, and using them step-by-step, we exploit synergies that enable more comprehensive assessments of strengths and weaknesses in firms’ supply chains, covering gaps, prioritizing between improvement areas, and collecting input towards detailed, actionable risk mitigation actions. Investigations build on semi-structured interviews, systematically covering the formative elements for each of the models. Using the models in conjunction, we compare the firms and identify differences, similarities, strengths, and weaknesses in the consequences of pandemic-related disruptions and how firms approached the challenges. The main challenges for the firms were sudden demand changes early in the pandemic. While the firms had minor differences, their pre-pandemic contingency plans were generally not actionable or detailed enough, nor prepared for the pandemic's longevity. Therefore, more detailed and long-term guidelines are desirable, noting the importance and interrelationships of elements of supply chain risk management, resilience, and reliability. A common feature for all firms, and crucial for handling disruptions, is the importance of good and long-term relationships with upstream and downstream supply chain partners and the need for improving contingency plans and future resilience.

15.
1st International Conference on Artificial Intelligence for Smart Community, AISC 2020 ; 758:429-441, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2148648

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 is putting tremendous pressure on the medical facilities supply, as the demand for facilities has significantly outweighed the production capability. Several rogue traders have taken advantage of this issue to distribute counterfeit products. Moreover, some sellers advertise genuine products with unreasonably high prices. Our team believes that fake or overpriced facilities will significantly complicate the battle against COVID, thereby posing millions of lives to risk. That is why our team is developing V-Block. V-Block is a supply chain management system that harnesses the power of Blockchain. Its primary goals are to assist the government in tracking the product’s distribution process and help customers avoid questionable deals. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

16.
Lecture Notes on Data Engineering and Communications Technologies ; 152:733-742, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2148635

ABSTRACT

Pandemics such us COVID-19 are significant outbreaks of infectious diseases, which can spread higher healthy threats, and seriously rise morbidity and mortality over wide populations and cause important economic, social, and political troubles. COVID-19 has triggered high risks among human beings. For that, the infected humans working in manufacturing and logistics systems can lead to complex issues beyond the industrial networks. Smart logistics (SL) systems remain a promising area to form a safe working environment. SL promotes the use of automated assets based on networked sensors which are controlled by suitable intelligent decision-making algorithms. Using SL technologies smooths the release of the whole production process disruption, due to COVID-19, by interconnecting the good and service flows to decrease the severity of the actual industrial chain disruption. Our study presents a novel smart logistics framework to strengthen the production process recovery and build an evaluation model to assess the impacts of SL technologies. We form an optimization model, which allows the planning of SL resources allocation according to the market demands and regarding the severity of the Covid-19 pandemic. © 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

17.
Missouri Medicine ; 117(3):173-174, 2020.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2147779

ABSTRACT

Governor Parson has led the way as he has met weekly for the past nine weeks with the Missouri Hospital Association, a group of infectious disease physicians, mayors, clergy, sheriffs, and county commissioners. After being in Washington with my fellow state health directors and others from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the White House during the last week of February, I decided the best recommendation going forward was to stress testing and access to mobile test sample collection sites (more than 150 mobile sites are now in Missouri). The State Public Health Laboratory will soon receive DiaSorin instrumentation which can do 175 tests per hour and is one of the serological tests approved by FDA.

18.
Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences ; 16(3):387-423, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2147731

ABSTRACT

[...]several organizations faced stock-outs as they were unable to match supplies with demand. The effective leadership style ensures the innovative behaviour of employees (Afsar et al., 2014;Xu et al., 2017) and innovation allow organizations to building SC resilience (Ozdemir et al., 2022). [...]SC resilience literature suggested that strong commitment, decisional flexibility, proactive behavior, learning and innovation are important contributors of SC resilience (Ali & Gölgeci, 2019;Sawyerr & Harrison, 2020;Scholten et al., 2020). [...]the current novel study will address this literature gap as the relationship between leadership styles and resilient SC has not been previously tested. (2020), Ali & Gölgeci (2019), Sawyerr & Harrison (2020) and Remko (2020);all of them suggested to investigate the behavioural aspects of SC managers in pursuit of SC resilience as this phenomena has not been addressed in existing literature. [...]the second objective of this explanatory study is to investigate the most effective leadership style of SC managerial leaders in pursuit of resilient SC through the comparison of transformational and transactional leadership styles.

19.
Transformations in Business & Economics ; 21(3):168-187, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2147575

ABSTRACT

The agri-food systems have been facing many challenges and, besides the global effort to improve the level of food security, an emerging challenge specific to modern societies is the one related to food waste management. Among others, ensuring a more sustainable future means that production and consumption patterns need to be reshaped in the direction of a responsible, zero-waste, and circular model. In this context, food ordering and delivery platforms can serve as a solution that can minimise food waste if the purchased food quantity is appreciated rationally by consumers. However, these digital platforms can act as a double-edged sword, since users can also tend to purchase more than they can actually consume. This research aimed at bringing its contribution to this topic by exploring the linkage between food purchasing and consumption patterns, the generation of food waste and the eCommerce behaviour in the case of a specific community - the Association of Faculties of Economics in Romania (AFER). Multiple consumer profiles were designed by resorting to various econometric methods after carrying out an online survey among the members of the community. Findings suggest that consumers' willingness to adjust to sustainable food consumption behaviours varies significantly according to their educational background, economic status, and predisposition to order food online. The results can help decision makers adopt better policies with respect to shaping consumer behaviours toward sustainability by making rational use of food ordering and delivery platforms.

20.
27th Summer School Francesco Turco, 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2147193

ABSTRACT

This research deals with how luxury companies adapted their supply chains and business models to address the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic. The luxury industry is different from other industries and has many peculiarities such as high profitability margins and great reliance on personal selling experience. On the one hand, luxury customers may not suffer, in the short term, from lower buying power, but on the other hand lockdowns and shop closures can hinder the direct contact to customers. Consequently, the luxury industry seems vulnerable to disruptions and is, therefore, an interesting field of investigation. However, little is known about how luxury companies have addressed the negative effects of the pandemic. As such, our research fills this gap by identifying the actions undertaken by the luxury sector to cope with the pandemic, while taking supply chain and business model perspectives. Our research starts with a literature background that specifies the main characteristics of luxury supply chains and business models. To gain insights into how luxury companies adjusted their operations and businesses to deal with the pandemic, we conduct 24 semi-structured interviews with national and international industry experts, luxury companies’ managers and consultants. We found that luxury companies, did not considerably change their supply chain structures, but to improve the coordination along the supply chain, they increasingly digitized their supply chain processes and adapted money flows with upstream and downstream supply chain partners to support them in overcoming liquidity issues. Regarding business models, luxury companies did not alter their initial value propositions, but increasingly leveraged the online channel to serve their customers, embarked more on vertical and horizontal relationships, and changed their profit formula, sometimes even by increasing their prices to compensate for the higher logistics costs due to home delivery. © 2022, AIDI - Italian Association of Industrial Operations Professors. All rights reserved.

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