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1.
Journal of the Formosan Medical Association ; JOUR
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2105351

ABSTRACT

Since the COVID-19 outbreak was detected in Wuhan in December 2019 by the event-based surveillance of Taiwan Centers for Disease Control, Taiwan has been aligning risk management to policy planning with the assistance of comprehensive surveillance and regular rapid risk assessments. Taiwan Central Epidemic Command Center (CECC) promptly initiated stepwise border control for major cities and provinces in China, European and American countries, and eventually expanded it to the whole world in March 2020. With stringent quarantine measures, the early response not only successfully blocked the first wave of imported cases, but also slowed down subsequent large local outbreaks. Digital technologies including digital fencing and government database linkage were adopted to facilitate the application of public health interventions and data collection. The experience of Taiwan’s prompt and comprehensive response at the early stage may contribute to the preparedness for the next disease X outbreak.

2.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 28(12)2022 Nov 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2099065

ABSTRACT

We investigated a cluster of SARS-CoV-2 infections in a quarantine hotel in Taiwan in December 2021. The cluster involved 3 case patients who lived in nonadjacent rooms on different floors. They had no direct contact during their stay. By direct exploration of the space above the room ceilings, we found residual tunnels, wall defects, and truncated pipes between their rooms. We conducted a simplified tracer-gas experiment to assess the interconnection between rooms. Aerosol transmission through structural defects in floors and walls in this poorly ventilated hotel was the most likely route of virus transmission. This event demonstrates the high transmissibility of Omicron variants, even across rooms and floors, through structural defects. Our findings emphasize the importance of ventilation and integrity of building structure in quarantine facilities.

3.
J Infect Public Health ; 15(9): 1001-1005, 2022 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2076418

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to compare the number of cases of non-airborne/droplet-transmitted notifiable infectious disease (NID) before and after COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: This study used an open database - National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System to collect the epidemiological data of NIDs. Ten fecal-oral-, six vector-borne-, four direct-contact, and four sexually-transmitted NIDs between pandemic period (defined as from January 2020 to December 2021) and the pre-pandemic period (defined as the period from January 2018 to December 2019) were included for the analysis. RESULTS: Overall, the annual case number of these 24 non-airborne/droplet-transmitted NIDs was 19,186, 19,101, 19,567, and 19,863 in 2018, 2019, 2020 and 2021, respectively. The overall case number in the pandemic period was higher than those in pre-pandemic period (39,430 vs 38,287) and the monthly case number was significantly higher in pandemic period than pre-pandemic period (1643 vs 1595, p < 0.05). However, the lower case number in the pandemic period than those in pre-pandemic period was observed in overall ten fecal-oral-transmitted NIDs (1278 vs 1775), six vector-borne-NIDs (922 vs 2210), and four direct-contact transmitted NIDs (196 vs 344). In contrast, the case number of sexually-transmitted NIDs in the pandemic period was higher than those in pre-pandemic period (37,034 vs 33,958), particularly for gonorrhea (14,463 vs 8732). CONCLUSIONS: Most of the fecal-oral-, vector-borne, and direct-contact transmitted NIDs had declined during pandemic in Taiwan. In contrast, gonorrhea had large increase, and other NPIs were needed.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Gonorrhea , COVID-19/epidemiology , Gonorrhea/epidemiology , Humans , Pandemics , Sexual Behavior , Taiwan/epidemiology
4.
The China Quarterly ; : 1-21, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2069840

ABSTRACT

During the current global COVID-19 crisis Taiwan has portrayed itself as both an example for other countries to follow and as a country willing to assist others in their own efforts with the virus. Taiwan has also renewed efforts to participate in the World Health Organization (WHO), an organisation from which it is currently excluded. Although some countries have supported Taiwan's efforts to participate in the WHO or have praised its COVID-19 response, others have been silent or even critical, sometimes citing commitments to a "one China policy." In this paper, we use newly collected data to explore cross-national variation in support for Taiwan during the current pandemic. We find that a country's level of economic development and security ties with the US are strongly correlated with support for Taiwan while a country's economic ties to China is a less consistent predictor.

5.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12578, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066429

ABSTRACT

With significance in improving and developing local design culture as well as in supplementing global design history, this essay describes a study on the past and a clear prediction of the future by exploring Taiwan’s design history from approximately the 1960s to 2020 based on the evolution of theme, diversity, and sustainability. In this research, the Python programming language is used to apply three algorithms of term frequency–inverse document frequency (TF-IDF), Simpson’s diversity index (SDI), and latent Dirichlet allocation (LDA) to conduct a text exploration of design journals. The results show the following: in the 1960s–1980s, the evolution of theme focused on evaluation strategies, technical practices, and foreign cultures, on digital design, multiculturalism, and design aesthetics in the 1990s, and on emotional human factors, intelligent technology, and local culture since the beginning of the 21st century. Local culture and intelligent technology are the main driving forces of the current design industry. Regarding diversity, after a period of rapid change and stable rising, it has shown a downward trend in recent years. This indicates that current design needs to be stimulated by external environmental variations. Sustainability was focused on technology, the market, and education during the 1960s–1980s;on consumers, design education, and eco-design during the 1990s;and on integration across fields during the 2000s–2020. In order to gain a wider perspective of the complete design context of Chinese culture, the results show the current and future trends of the academic community, in addition to a reference for the study of the design histories of other areas in the world.

6.
Soc Sci Med ; 314: 115403, 2022 Oct 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2061886

ABSTRACT

While existing studies have reported and recognized country-of-origin effects on the intentions to vaccinate against COVID-19 among individual citizens in some countries, the causal mechanism behind such effects to inform public health policymakers remain unexplored. Adding up a quality cue explanation for such effects to the existing literature, the authors argue that individual consumers are less willing to get a vaccine designed and manufactured by a country with a significantly lower quality perception than other countries. A survey experiment that recruited a nationally representative sample of Taiwanese adults (n = 1951) between December 13, 2020 and January 11, 2021 was designed and conducted to test the argument. We find that all else equal, Taiwanese respondents were on average less likely to express stronger willingness to take a vaccine from China than from the US, Germany, and Taiwan. Furthermore, even when the intrinsic quality of the vaccine was held constant by the experimental design, respondents still had a significantly lower quality perception of the vaccine from China, both in terms of perceived protection and severe side effects. Further evidence from casual mediation analyses shows that about 33% and 11% of the total average causal effects of the "China" country-of-origin label on vaccine uptake intention were respectively mediated through the perceived efficacy of protection and perceived risk of experiencing severe side effects. We conclude that quality cue constitutes one of many casual mechanisms behind widely reported country-of-origin effects on intention to vaccinate against COVID-19.

7.
Chest ; 162(4):A568-A569, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2060634

ABSTRACT

SESSION TITLE: COVID-19 Case Report Posters 1 SESSION TYPE: Case Report Posters PRESENTED ON: 10/17/2022 12:15 pm - 01:15 pm INTRODUCTION: We describe the clinical course of a COVID-19 patient with Streptococcus Dysgalactiae (SD) infective endocarditis, managed with six weeks of antibiotics and valve replacement surgery. CASE PRESENTATION: A 50-year-old previously healthy man presented with two weeks of fever, congestion, and diarrhea, and one day of acute change in mentation. On arrival, the patient's heart rate was 130/min, respiratory rate 25/min, and temperature 103.5 F. On physical examination, he appeared lethargic. Initial labs showed a white blood count of 16 k/mm with bands and platelets of 64 k/cmm. The patient was treated empirically for severe sepsis with intravenous vancomycin and cefepime. Blood cultures grew SD. Antibiotics were narrowed to intravenous ceftriaxone. A CAT scan of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis identified multiple splenic infarcts. A transesophageal echocardiogram was performed to evaluate the potential source of the splenic emboli, and this showed mild to moderate mitral regurgitation and a large globular mobile vegetation on the anterior mitral valve. Intravenous gentamicin was added to the treatment regimen. Subsequent cultures remained negative, and he underwent bioprosthetic mitral valve replacement on hospital day 11. He received a total of 6 weeks of outpatient intravenous antibiotic therapy. DISCUSSION: SD is a normal commensal of the skin, upper airway, and gastrointestinal tract. It can cause localized and invasive infections. Major risk factors for invasive infections include malignancy, diabetes mellites, and other cardiovascular diseases. Besides a recent COVID-19 infection, our patient was healthy. The COVID-19 infection causes a hypercoagulable state, and when combined with COVID-19 related diarrhea, can lead to the translocation of the gut bacteria, and subsequent infective endocarditis (IE) [1]. SD is a rare cause of IE, but the incidence of IE in bacteremic patients is about 10% [2]. Clinicians should have a low threshold to suspect IE in cases of SD bacteremia. American Heart Association Guidelines on IE [3] state that systemic embolization occurs in 22% to 50% of cases of IE, and the highest incidence of embolism occurs when the vegetation is mobile, on the anterior mitral valve and > 10 mm, like in our case. In such patients, early cardiac surgery should be considered. SD bacteremia recurrence occurs in about 10% of patients within the first year, and patients should be informed about this risk. CONCLUSIONS: Clinicians should suspect IE in the setting of SD bacteremia. COVID-19 infection increases the chances of the development of infective endocarditis. Prolonged intravenous antibiotic therapy and prompt replacement of the involved valve is necessary. SD IE is associated with a high rate of recurrence, and clinicians should be cognizant of this risk. Reference #1: "COVID-19 INFECTION PREDISPOSING ENDOCARDITIS ….” https://www.scienceopen.com/document?vid=02f2bbbe-479d-4d11-ad60-2ceba336a4e1. Accessed 4 Apr. 2022. Reference #2: "Bacteremia caused by group G Streptococci, taiwan - PubMed.” https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18439377/. Accessed 4 Apr. 2022. Reference #3: "Clinical relevance of vegetation localization by … - Semantic Scholar.” https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Clinical-relevance-of-vegetation-localization-by-in-Rohmann-Erbel/0106e26e3f2102eb6dd2fd7e086210c0a44ebf45. Accessed 4 Apr. 2022. DISCLOSURES: No relevant relationships by Husam Bader No relevant relationships by Poorva Bhide No relevant relationships by Gaurav Mohan No relevant relationships by Muhammad Tayyeb No relevant relationships by Charmee Vyas No relevant relationships by Siva Naga Yarrarapu

8.
Covid-19 Salgın Sürecinde Uzaktan Eğitim Ortamlarının Kullanımına &Iacute ; lişkin Yükseköğretim Öğrencilerinin Tutumları.; 32(3):995-1011, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2056646

ABSTRACT

The aim of this research is to examine the attitudes of students studying in undergraduate departments of universities towards the use of distance education environments due to the COVID-19 epidemic detected in the city of Wuhan, Hubei province of the People's Republic of China. The method of the research;mixed method. The population of the research consists of 152 undergraduate students. Data collection tools of the research;the first vehicle;"Attitude scale regarding the use of distance education environments in the pandemic process" is the second tool in the research;it consists of a semi-structured interview form prepared by the researcher. Analysis of data;the data were analyzed in two ways. Firstly, ward technique, one of the hierarchical clustering analysis methods, was used and square Euclidean distance was chosen as a distance measure. Differences in attitudes towards the use of distance education environments according to ward's cluster analysis technique;it is classified into three clusters: Effectiveness and Satisfaction, Motivation and Dissatisfaction. After the classification, a random semi-structured interview form was applied to two students in each cluster formed. As a result;it has been concluded that students have positive and negative opinions about distance education activities. (English) [ FROM AUTHOR] Bu araştırmanın amacı, Çin Halk Cumhuriyeti'nin Hubei eyaletine bağlı Wuhan şehrinde tespit edilen COVID-19 salgın nedeniyle üniversitelerin lisans bölümlerinde okuyan öğrencilerin uzaktan eğitim ortamlarının kullanımına ilişkin tutumlarını incelemektir. Araştırmanın yöntemi;karma yöntemdir. Araştırmanın evrenini 152 lisans öğrencisi oluşturmaktadır. Araştırmanın veri toplama araçları;Ílk araç;Araştırmada "Pandemi sürecinde uzaktan eğitim ortamlarının kullanımına ilişkin tutum ölçeği" ikinci araç;araştırmacı tarafından hazırlanan yarı yapılandırılmış görüşme formundan oluşmaktadır. Verilerin analizi;veriler iki şekilde analiz edilmiştir. Ílk olarak hiyerarşik kümeleme analiz yöntemlerinden ward tekniği kullanılmış ve uzaklık ölçüsü olarak kare öklid uzaklığı seçilmiştir. ward'ın kümeleme analizi tekniğine göre uzaktan eğitim ortamlarının kullanımına yönelik tutum farklılıkları;Üç kümede sınıflandırılmıştır: Etkililik ve Memnuniyet, Motivasyon ve Memnuniyetsizliktir. Sınıflandırmadan sonra oluşturulan her kümede ikişer öğrenciye rastgele yarı yapılandırılmış görüşme formu uygulanmıştır. Sonuç olarak;öğrencilerin uzaktan eğitim etkinlikleri hakkında olumlu ve olumsuz görüşlere sahip oldukları sonucuna ulaşılmıştır. (Turkish) [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Firat University Journal of Social Sciences / Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi is the property of Firat University, Social Sciences Institute and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

9.
International Journal of Organizational Innovation (Online) ; 15(2):190-211, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2047074

ABSTRACT

[...]of this study, no correlation was found between age and service quality perceived by customers. According to research, transformational leaders could make a positive influence on perceived efficiency of information and communication companies by emphasizing the importance of effective use of information technology (Yee, 2000;Seyal, 2015). According to the main context of this forum, Taiwan's telecom business in 2020 was: the spread of COVID 19 virus and the trade war between America and China caused an 8 % drop in the global output value of communication equipment (Market Intelligence & Consulting Institute, 2021). In today's competitive and globalized market, telecommunication companies will emphasize that E -Service Management will have to offer better services to their customers because of improving the process and utilization of the service. [...]the E - service quality would have gradually become a core competency for all service industries (Jia & Reich, 2011;Hoerbst et al., 2011).

10.
IUP Journal of Applied Finance ; 28(3):43-53, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2047006

ABSTRACT

The present study examines the evidence of herd behavior of investors in the Indian stock market during extreme volatility, i.e., bulí and bear phases. It also investigates the herd behavior during the first and second waves of the Covid-19 pandemic. A sample of 50 companies listed on NSE during January 2019 to December 2021 is considered for the study, employing the methods developed by Christie and Huang (1995) and Chang et al. (2000). The findings present evidence of herd behavior during the first wave of the pandemic, while there is no evidence of such behavior during the second wave. Further, the study concludes that investors mimic the investment behavior of others in an extreme high return period only. There is no indication of herd behavior in extreme low return period and in the whole sample period.

11.
Internationales Asien Forum. International Quarterly for Asian Studies ; 53(2):307-311, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2046688

ABSTRACT

The presence of China poses a challenge to the dominance of Western powers and their allies, who have set the agenda in the Pacific since the end of the Second World War. [...]today, the region has been characterised by (post-)colonial power structures. In her opening remarks, Dame Meg Taylor clearly states that the Pacific Island states regard the presence of China in the region as a positive development because it gives PIF countries access to markets, technology, financing and infrastructure. The Boe Declaration of the PIF meeting in 2018, which states that "climate change remains the single greatest threat to the livelihoods, security and wellbeing of the peoples of the Pacific" (ix) - is the principal element of efforts by Pacific Island state leaders to implement the "Blue Pacific" concept and stands in stark contrast to the environmental and security policy of PIF member country Australia as well as that of the previous Trump administration. In Australia alone, economic damage caused each year by Beijing's punitive actions in response to bans on Huawei equipment (Australia excludes the Chinese company from the country's 5G roll-out) and COVID-19 demands (Canberra's call for an independent investigation into the origins of the virus) runs into the billions annually.

12.
International Journal of Organizational Innovation (Online) ; 15(2):120-132, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2045174

ABSTRACT

According to a report (from 2017 to 2020) conducted by Taiwan's Health Promotion Administration, the proportion of adults suffering from hypertension, hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia were 23.52%, 22.7% and 9.74% respectively (see Fig. 1). Through the intelligent application of clinical big data, real-time analysis and information technology, doctors can make informed decisions, reduce possible medical errors, enhance the efficiency and quality of medical services, and further improve the overall efficiency of healthcare system (Zeadally, et al., 2019). Due to its ever-growing nature, the required data analysis must take atypical approaches and involve specific requirements for data collection, data preprocessing, and data analysis. [...]many algorithms designed for big data analysis have been developed (Mohamed, et al., 2020). (3) Data Preprocessing The data should be consistent and can be processed in a posterior analysis before proceeding to data analysis. [...]these metadata must be preprocessed in order to fulfill the purposes including but not limited to denoising, filtering data, compiling data, and simplifying data (Alonso-Betanzos & Bolon Canedo 2018).

13.
Asian and Pacific Migration Journal ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2042915

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic intensified border control and disrupted international labor migration, but the complex consequences for migrant workers, including deepened marginalization and countervailing opportunities, have yet to receive sufficient scrutiny. Drawing on the case of Taiwan, this article examines how a host country reorganizes the multiple layers of physical and social borders for the purpose of sanitization, leading to an entanglement of mobilities and immobilities in migrant workers' lives. I illustrate how bordering practices have had uneven impacts on Filipino and Indonesian migrant workers across different circumstances of risk management. The findings highlight the geographic scales and temporal changes of shifting borders, which involve the negotiation of social membership for migrant workers in relation to the public health crisis and labor market shortage.

14.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 2022 Sep 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2041928

ABSTRACT

he first imported case of monkeypox in Taiwan was diagnosed in an Asian man with HIV-1 infection and asymptomatic COVID-19, returning from Germany. Atypical presentations included asynchronous skin lesions, anogenital lesions and prominent inguinal lymphadenopathy. Whole genomic sequence alignment indicate that the Taiwan strain clustered together with human monkeypox virus West African clade B.1, currently circulating in Europe. Prompt diagnosis and infection control measures are crucial to mitigate the spread of monkeypox.

15.
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning ; 23(3):21-42, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2040541

ABSTRACT

This study proposes a new model for integrating the protection motivation theory (PMT) with the technology acceptance model (TAM) to explore factors affecting students’ intention to attend e-learning courses during the COVID-19 pandemic. A total of 432 valid responses to an online questionnaire were received from freshmen students studying in universities in Vietnam and Taiwan. Structural equation modeling was used to evaluate the proposed research model and test the hypotheses, and model evaluation reflected a good fit between the data and the proposed research model. Differences between perceived vulnerability, perceived severity, and intention to take e-learning courses across two countries were also established, suggesting that both the TAM and the PMT should be considered for use in studies related to technology adoption in the pandemic context. The factors influencing students’ intentions to take online courses can be quite varied when different educational settings are considered;therefore, a more contextual understanding of students’ e-learning intentions during pandemic times should be carefully examined. Suggestions for governments and policy makers are also proposed © 2022, International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning.All Rights Reserved.

16.
Pacific Affairs ; 95(3):417-440, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2040282

ABSTRACT

A growing global trend towards authoritarianism has left democracy, especially its liberal form, under strain. This has occurred despite earlier promises of democratization between the end of the Cold War and the early twenty-first century. Our essay examines how the dynamics of post-democratization politics have played out across several polities in Southeast and Northeast Asia. These regions once included supposed "third wave" democracies and polities apparently on the cusp of political liberalization. Such expectations have not panned out. Instead, the region has generally witnessed either significant authoritarian resilience or autocratic resurgence following spurts of political openness. We examine how such autocratic dynamics have played out following earlier movements toward democratization. Specifically, we identify three key elements of postdemocratization politics associated with autocratic success and democratic robustness based on contributions to this special issue, and suggest pathways through which they can affect political outcomes. Dominant beliefs can prime accommodation with authoritarianism given pervasive acceptance of state-driven ideologies while identification with liberal values can drive democratic consolidation and resistance to autocracy, regardless of wealth and education. Ostensibly democratic institutions, such as constitutional courts, can become anti-democratic instruments when the exercise of their independent prerogatives means upholding autocratic tendencies that align with their interests and outlooks. Agents and their decisions can both prompt and stymie autocratization, whether intentionally or inadvertently;strategies to consolidate authority can fracture even dominant ruling coalitions. Examining the role ideas, institutions, and agents play in post-democratic politics can further efforts at understanding the current authoritarian wave and its limits.

17.
American Journal of Public Health ; 112(10):1360, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2039529

ABSTRACT

Imtiaz S, Nafeh F, Russell C, Ali F, Elton-Marshall T, Rehm J. The impact of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic on drug overdose-related deaths in the United States and Canada: a systematic review of observational studies and analysis of public health surveillance data. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy. 2021;16(1):87. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-021-00423-5 Monitoring PopulationLevel Physical Activity in Adolescents and Adults Namibia Nashandi et al. validated a selfreport questionnaire by comparing it to an accurate device-based method to assess moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) among adolescent girls (n = 52) and women (n = 51) in Namibia. BMC Public Health. 2021;21(1):1750. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-1 1765-x Automated Syndromic Surveillance in Communities Taiwan Chan et al. describe a surveillance system to serve as a sentinel for infectious disease outbreaks in Taipei City, Taiwan, using data from primary care clinics and community hospitals and incorporating spatiotemporal information.

18.
Data Technologies and Applications ; 56(4):626-643, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2037645

ABSTRACT

Purpose>This research aims to collect human body variables via 2D images captured by digital cameras. Based on those human variables, the forecast and recommendation of the Digital Camouflage Uniforms (DCU) for Taiwan's military personnel are made.Design/methodology/approach>A total of 375 subjects are recruited (male: 253;female: 122). In this study, OpenPose converts the photographed 2D images into four body variables, which are compared with those of a tape measure and 3D scanning simultaneously. Then, the recommendation model of the DCU is built by the decision tree. Meanwhile, the Euclidean distance of each size of the DCU in the manufacturing specification is calculated as the best three recommendations.Findings>The recommended size established by the decision tree is only 0.62 and 0.63. However, for the recommendation result of the best three options, the DCU Fitting Score can be as high as 0.8 or more. The results of OpenPose and 3D scanning have the highest correlation coefficient even though the method of measuring body size is different. This result confirms that OpenPose has significant measurement validity. That is, inexpensive equipment can be used to obtain reasonable results.Originality/value>In general, the method proposed in this study is suitable for applications in e-commerce and the apparel industry in a long-distance, non-contact and non-pre-labeled manner when the world is facing Covid-19. In particular, it can reduce the measurement troubles of ordinary users when purchasing clothing online.

19.
IOP Conference Series. Earth and Environmental Science ; 1039(1):012034, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2037325

ABSTRACT

Caota Sand Dunes Geopark was established in June 2020 and conserves a landscape of coastal sand dunes at the Taoyuan coastline. This is the first geopark in Taiwan to promote the value of coastal dunes, recognizing their ecological value and their protection function in the face of climate change. This geopark has been actively promoted and attracts many visitors owing to its unique and photogenic landscape. In the initiation phase of a geopark it is significant to get feedback on the planning and services, to evaluate the existing management strategies for future development. Therefore, this study will assess tourist perceptions through visitor comments from Google reviews, to explore how well the core values of the geopark are represented in visitors’ experiences. A qualitative methodology based on review analysis has been used to find themes and patterns. Many reviews point out that washed-up waste is still a huge issue at the Caota dunes and mention that the Geopark development has not been completed. However, there is consensus on the fact that Caota Dunes is a very promising site, and with more planning underway it can become a successful geopark. Future management strategies should address the issues that are pointed out in the reviews for the sustainable development of this scenery post the Covid-19 Pandemic.

20.
Journal of Internal Medicine of Taiwan ; 32(4):281-288, 2021.
Article in Chinese | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2033398

ABSTRACT

In the face of the COVID-19 pandemic, there is still a lack of miracle drugs for treatment. Repurposing drugs such as Remdesivir and corticosteroids to treat COVID-19 are being studied. Traditional Chinese medicine was widely used during the outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) coronavirus infection in China in 2003. It was found that standard medical treatment combined with Chinese medicine treatment may improve the symptoms of SARS patients and speeding resolution of lung infiltration. The commonly used prescriptions for preventing the coronavirus infection are Sangjuyin plus Yupingfeng powder. Various Traditional Chinese medicines with potential to fight SARS-CoV-2 include Liquorice Root and Rhizome, Rhubarb, Heartleaf Houttuynia Herb, Indi-gowoad Root, Tangerine Peel, Scutellaria Root, and Red Sage Root and Rhizome etc. In addition, Chinese patent medicines including Shuanghuanglian Oral liquid, Lianhua Qingwen Capsule, Jinhua Qinggan Granule and Taiwan Chingguan Yihau are recognized as plausible agents for the treatment of novel coronavirus pneumonia. The antiviral, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects of selected Chinese herbal drugs may attribute to their inhibiting the binding of the coronavirus spike protein to the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor, inhibiting key enzymes such as 3-chymotrypsin-like protease and ribonucleic acid (RNA)- dependent RNA polymerase during viral replication, and reducing pro-inflammatory cytokines. Since most of the relevant studies mentioned the potential anti-SARS-CoV-2 activity of these agents were only in vitro and animal experiments, more randomized double-blind controlled trials are needed to provide reliable evidence of clinical efficacy in future.

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