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1.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 46(2): 712-718, 2022 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1844355

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Patients often utilize the Internet to seek information related to their care. This study assesses the readability of online patient educational materials for submental fat reduction. METHODS: Patient educational materials from the 12 most popular websites related to submental fat reduction were downloaded and assessed for readability grade level using 10 unique scales. RESULTS: Analysis of the 12 most popular websites (and corresponding 47 articles) revealed that patient educational materials were written, on average, at an 11th grade reading level. The Flesch Reading Ease score was 48.9 (range 39.8-59.2), representing a "difficult" level of reading. Mean readability grade levels (range 9-13th grade for individual websites) were as follows: Coleman-Liau, 11.1; Flesch-Kincaid, 10.8; FORCAST, 10.8; Fry Graph, 10.1; Gunning Fog, 12.7; New Dale-Chall, 10.1; New Fog Count, 11.8; Simple Measure of Gobbledygook, 11.7; Raygor, 6.7. No website was at the 6th grade reading level for patient educational materials recommended by the American Medical Association and National Institutes of Health. CONCLUSIONS: Online patient educational materials for submental fat reduction are written well above the recommended reading level. Recognition of disparities in health literacy is necessary to enable patients to make informed decisions and become active participants in their own care. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE V: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors   www.springer.com/00266.


Subject(s)
Health Literacy , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Comprehension , Humans , Internet , United States
2.
Lecture Notes on Data Engineering and Communications Technologies ; 135:567-582, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1844306

ABSTRACT

The spread of the COVID-19 pandemic poses new challenges and threats to the international community. In particular, today the number of people infected with coronavirus infection already exceeds 80 million, almost 2 million died from the pandemic, and these terrible statistics are not final. Under these conditions, quarantine restrictions are almost the only effective means of counteracting the effects of the epidemic by reducing the rate of virus spread. However, quarantine restrictions have extremely serious consequences for the world economy, they have already led to a significant reduction in production and, consequently, jobs in almost all sectors of the economy. Therefore, the development and implementation of the latest information technologies for contact tracking in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic is an extremely important and urgent task. The purpose of this article is to research and substantiate various information technologies (such as Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, GPS, etc.) in contact tracking tools to prevent the spread of infectious diseases. We analyze different approaches to the implementation of contact tracing mechnisms, highlight their advantages and disadvantages as well as opportunities for improvement. Also we analyze examples of real applications of the advanced countries functioning at the state level. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

3.
Sustainability ; 14(9):4901, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1843228

ABSTRACT

ICT has become an important support for the booming trade in services in the digital era. However, the extent to which trade activities can benefit from ICT will depend on the regulatory constraints and the market-openness level of the ICT market. This study empirically examines the impact of ICT market openness on digital service exports on the basis of bilateral trade data at the industry level from 2007 to 2019 from 50 countries. The results show that: (1) ICT market openness seeks the combination of effective regulation and moderate openness, which is mainly reflected in three policy areas: improving information interconnection and sharing, reducing access restrictions and promoting fair competition;(2) The ICT market openness in both exporting and importing countries can significantly boost digital service exports, but in different ways. Exporting countries expand digital service exports mainly by promoting fair competition, while importing countries have the most obvious positive impact on exports through the reduction of access restrictions;(3) The greater the gap between the ICT development levels, and the lower the bilateral risk levels between the two trading countries, the greater the marginal effect that ICT market openness will have on the promotion of digital service exports. Thus, improving market openness indicates an important direction for ICT regulatory reform, but the impact on digital service exports will vary by specific policy area and by trading-partner country.

4.
International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education ; 19(1), 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1843170

ABSTRACT

Towards the transition to blended and remote education, evaluating the levels of students’ digital competence and designing educational programs to advance them is of paramount importance. Existing validated digital competence scales usually ignore either important digital skills needed or new socio-technological innovations. This study proposes and validates a comprehensive digital competence scale for students in higher education. The suggested instrument includes skills of online learning and collaboration, social media, smart and mobile devices, safety, and data protection. The scale was evaluated on a sample of 156 undergraduate and postgraduate students just before and at the beginning of the COVID-19 crisis. The final scale is composed of 28 items and six digital competence components. The evaluation study revealed valid results in terms of model fit criteria, factor loadings, internal validity, and reliability. Individual factors like the students’ field of study, computer experience and age revealed significant associations to the scale components, while gender revealed no significant differences. The suggested scale can be useful to the design of new actions and policies towards remote education and the digital skills’ development of adult learners.

5.
BMJ Open ; 11(8), 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1843005

ABSTRACT

ObjectivesTo design a low-cost 3D printable powered air-purifying respirator (PAPR) that meets National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) standard for flow rate and Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standard for particle filtration for loose-fitting PAPRs and that can be made with a 3D printer and widely available materials.DesignDetailed description of components, assembly instructions and testing of a novel PAPR design in an academic laboratory following respective protocols. The assembled PAPR must meet NIOSH standards of flow rate, 170 L/min;OSHA fit factor for particle filtration, ≥250 and maintain positive pressure during regular and deep breathing.Main outcome measuresThe PAPR design was run through a series of tests: air flow (L/min), particle filtration (quantitative and qualitative) and positive pressure measured inside the helmet (mm Hg).ResultsFlow rate was 443.32 L/min (NIOSH standard: minimum 170 L/min) and overall fit factor for particle filtration was 1362 (OSHA pass level: ≥500), n=1. The device passed qualitative particle filtration, n=2, and measured peak pressure of 6mm Hg (>0 mm Hg indicates positive pressure) in the helmet, n=1.ConclusionsThe Hygieia PAPR is a low-cost, easily accessible, just-in-time 3D printable PAPR design that meets minimum NIOSH and OSHA standards for flow-rate and particle filtration for loose-fitting PAPR devices to be made and used when industry-made designs are unavailable.

6.
Technological and Economic Development of Economy ; 28(2):500-530, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1842943

ABSTRACT

In a very open competitive context where pure online players are consistently gaining market share, the use of digital devices is a steady trend which is penetrating physical retail stores as a tool for retailers to improve customer experience and increase engagement. This need has increased with the COVID-19 pandemic as electronic devices in physical stores reduce the contact between people providing a greater sense of health safety, hence improving the customer experience. This work develops a multiple-criteria decision-making model for retailers who want to digitize their physical stores, providing a systematic approach to manage investment priorities in the organization. Important decisions should involve all different areas of the organization: Finance, Clients, Internal Processes and Learning & Growth departments. This strategic decision can be made hierarchically to obtain consistent decisions, also the use of the Order Weighted Average operator allows for alternative scenarios to be presented and agreed among the different areas of the business. The authors develop a use case for a Spanish fashion retailer. In the most widely agreed scenario the preferred devices were more technologically complex and expensive, while in the scenarios where the head of Finance is more predominant, cheaper and simpler devices were selected.

7.
Sustainability ; 14(9):5348, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1842934

ABSTRACT

Coal is an important basic energy source, widely distributed throughout the world, but resource abundance is uneven. Despite the need to develop and form new energy sources, coal energy maintains its dominant position. However, due to the uneven distribution and non-renewable nature of coal resources, the relationship between the supply and demand of coal resources is tight. The rational exploitation of coal and reducing resource mining wastes are particularly important at the present stage. The original mining method of the Zhangjiamao coal mine resulted in a large waste of coal resources. After replacing the “110 construction method”, the original advanced end-support was canceled, which saved a lot of process time and engineering costs and greatly improved the mine production efficiency. With an average mining depth of +300 m, the working face is in a safe and stable state, and the 110-mining process has little impact on surface subsidence. Its successful application provides a reference experience for other mines to promote resource-saving and efficient mining.

8.
Sustainability ; 14(9):5707, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1842933

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has created a fundamental shift in the Chinese education system, which has compelled teachers and students to accommodate the process of online learning in a short period of time. Accompanied by the advancement of information technology and the emergence of small private online courses (SPOCs), a variety of online programs containing a wealth of new materials and novel pedagogical approaches have emerged. However, there is a lack of awareness among researchers about the efficacy of utilizing shared SPOCs in teaching at conventional universities. Flipped classroom model (FCM) can make up for this defect. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of flipped learning on the basis of SPOC and to suggest explicit criteria for its reuse in conventional college education. We carried out a quasi-experiment in a course on inorganic chemistry and examined findings with regard to the engagement and performance of the learners. We also conducted a post-task questionnaire and interviews to examine the experiences of the students so that those experiences could be incorporated into the design and study plan for flipped learning based on SPOCs. It was shown that the average performance of students in the flipped SPOC-based classroom was superior to that of students in the traditional classroom. Furthermore, the combination of quantitative and qualitative data showed that the majority of students experienced the flipped classroom favorably regarding student interaction, accessible learning resources, and proactive academic outcomes.

9.
Sustainability ; 14(9):5329, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1842789

ABSTRACT

The growth in e-commerce that our society has faced in recent years is changing the view companies have on last-mile logistics, due to its increasing impact on the whole supply chain. New technologies are raising users’ expectations with the need to develop customized delivery experiences;moreover, increasing pressure on supply chains has also created additional challenges for suppliers. At the same time, this phenomenon generates an increase in the impact on the liveability of our cities, due to traffic congestion, the occupation of public spaces, and the environmental and acoustic pollution linked to urban logistics. In this context, the optimization of last-mile deliveries is an imperative not only for companies with parcels that need to be delivered in the urban areas, but also for public administrations that want to guarantee a good quality of life for citizens. In recent years, many scholars have focused on the study of logistics optimization techniques and, in particular, the last mile. In addition to traditional optimization techniques, linked to the disciplines of operations research, the recent advances in the use of sensors and IoT, and the consequent large amount of data that derives from it, are pushing towards a greater use of big data and analytics techniques—such as machine learning and artificial intelligence—which are also in this sector. Based on this premise, the aim of this work is to provide an overview of the most recent literature advances related to last-mile delivery optimization techniques;this is to be used as a baseline for scholars who intend to explore new approaches and techniques in the study of last-mile logistics optimization. A bibliometric analysis and a critical review were conducted in order to highlight the main studied problems, the algorithms used, and the case studies. The results from the analysis allow the studies to be clustered into traditional optimization models, machine learning approaches, and mixed methods. The main research gaps and limitations of the current literature are assessed in order to identify unaddressed challenges and provide research suggestions for future approaches.

10.
BMJ Open ; 11(9), 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1842771

ABSTRACT

IntroductionThe use of remote monitoring technology to manage the care of patients with COVID-19 has been implemented to help reduce the burden placed on healthcare systems during the pandemic and protect the well-being of both staff and patients. Remote monitoring allows patients to record their signs and symptoms remotely (eg, while self-isolating at home) rather than requiring hospitalisation. Healthcare staff can, therefore, continually monitor their symptoms and be notified when the patient is showing signs of clinical deterioration. However, given the recency of the COVID-19 outbreak, there is a lack of research regarding the acceptance of remote monitoring interventions to manage COVID-19. This study will aim to evaluate the use of remote monitoring for managing COVID-19 cases from the perspective of both the patient and healthcare staff.Methods and analysisDischarged patients from a large urban teaching hospital in Ireland, who have undergone remote monitoring for COVID-19, will be recruited to take part in a cross-sectional study consisting of a quantitative survey and a qualitative interview. A mixed methods design will be used to understand the experiences of remote monitoring from the perspective of the patient. Healthcare staff who have been involved in the provision of remote monitoring of patients with COVID-19 will be recruited to take part in a qualitative interview to understand their experiences with the process. Structural equation modelling will be used to examine the acceptance of the remote monitoring technology. Latent class analysis will be used to identify COVID-19 symptom profiles. Interview data will be examined using thematic analysis.Ethics and disseminationEthical approval has been granted by the ethical review boards at University College Dublin and the National Research Ethics Committee for COVID-19-related Research. Findings will be disseminated via publications in scientific journals, policy briefs, short reports and social media.

11.
The Internal Auditor ; 79(2):12, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1842718

ABSTRACT

Curbelo discusses that businesses are investing more in anti-fraud technology amid the increase of fraud. In response to heightened fraud risk during the COVID-19 pandemic, 43% of organizations have increased their use of data analytics to fight fraud, according to a new study by the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (ACFE). The 2022 Anti-Fraud Technology Benchmarking Report also predicts an expansion of anti-fraud technology over the next two years, with the use of machine learning and artificial intelligence in organizations expected to double.

12.
Business, Management and Education ; 19(2):358-372, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1842695

ABSTRACT

Purpose – to analyse the digitalization trends in the Central Caucasian (Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia) and Baltic States with the aim of reducing a financial gap for the Small and Medium size Enterprises in Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia. Research methodology – comparative analysis between Baltic and Caucasian countries are made to analyse the basic positions and farther development opportunities for Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia. Findings of the given paper – while SME sector crucially important contributor to employment, diversification and productivity in any country of the world and especially in developing ones, they still face significant credit constraints through traditional credit providing institutions. However, the trend is changing and modern digital technologies from the fintech area are providing new alternatives, which already had been widely used in Baltic, but still are waiting their chance in Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia, with different level of progress and readiness. Research limitations – some statistical data does not exist for all six countries or were possible to obtain for different periods of time. Lack of academic literature on fintech in Caucasian countries. Practical implications – It can provide a useful perspective for researchers, academics, investors, investment managers, decision-makers, and scientists. Originality/Value – The paper analyses three advanced European Union member state’s (Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia) fintech positions and perspectives as a model of development for three developing Caucasian states (Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia).

13.
Sustainability ; 14(9):5624, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1842589

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic in recent years and the massive presence of information technology generate one of the biggest challenges facing humanity, namely the technological challenge. In this context, educational technologies have a positive impact on the correct and effective teaching and learning of physical education and sports (PES), with a great positive impact on future sustainable higher education (HE). Thus, various innovative techniques could be of interest, such as the use of social networks and fitness sites, e-learning platforms, computer games, and telephone applications involving video analysis and age-specific images of students and the skills taught. This study aims to establish the main means used by technology, through which it can improve the teaching, learning, and practice of PES. This paper demonstrates the positive effects of technology on the PES field in modern society through a regression model, applied to data collected from 260 students from 2 Romanian PES Universities. The pedagogical and educational elements of our model also highlight the role of technology as a facilitator of knowledge, functioning as a tool that comes to the aid of specialists in the PES field.

14.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(9)2022 May 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1841405

ABSTRACT

Foodborne pathogens have become the subject of intense interest because of their high incidence and mortality worldwide. In the past few decades, people have developed many methods to solve this challenge. At present, methods such as traditional microbial culture methods, nucleic acid or protein-based pathogen detection methods, and whole-genome analysis are widely used in the detection of pathogenic microorganisms in food. However, these methods are limited by time-consuming, cumbersome operations or high costs. The development of nanopore sequencing technology offers the possibility to address these shortcomings. Nanopore sequencing, a third-generation technology, has the advantages of simple operation, high sensitivity, real-time sequencing, and low turnaround time. It can be widely used in the rapid detection and serotyping of foodborne pathogens. This review article discusses foodborne diseases, the principle of nanopore sequencing technology, the application of nanopore sequencing technology in foodborne pathogens detection, as well as its development prospects.

15.
Yonsei Med J ; 63(Suppl): S1-S13, 2022 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1841296

ABSTRACT

Digital technologies have emerged in various dimensions of human life, ranging from education to professional services to well-being. In particular, health products and services have expanded by the use and development of artificial intelligence, mobile health applications, and wearable electronic devices. Such advancements have enabled accurate and updated tracking and modeling of health conditions. For instance, digital health technologies are capable of measuring environmental pollution and predicting its adverse health effects. Several health conditions, including chronic airway diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, can be exacerbated by pollution. These diseases impose substantial health burdens with high morbidity and mortality. Recently, efforts have been made to develop digital technologies to alleviate such conditions. Moreover, the COVID-19 pandemic has facilitated the application of telemedicine and telemonitoring for patients with chronic airway diseases. This article reviews current trends and studies in digital technology utilization for investigating and managing environmental exposure and chronic airway diseases. First, we discussed the recent progression of digital technologies in general environmental healthcare. Then, we summarized the capacity of digital technologies in predicting exacerbation and self-management of airway diseases. Concluding these reviews, we provided suggestions to improve digital health technologies' abilities to reduce the adverse effects of environmental exposure in chronic airway diseases, based on personal exposure-response modeling.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , COVID-19 , Delivery of Health Care , Environmental Exposure/adverse effects , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
16.
Revista de Ciencias Sociales ; 28(2):381-391, 2022.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1841823

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic forced the use of the virtual in higher education institutions. Entrepreneurship and its various forms are defined under different methods, being indispensable digital technologies. In this sense, the objective of this article is to explain the methodology of research in entrepreneurship, as a strategy for the scientific production of university teachers, particularly in relation to bibliographic databases and videoconferencing. The methodology used is descriptive, with a bibliographic study. The findings are oriented to: 1) development of interactive research on entrepreneurship through the hybrid scientific method, applied to the strategic areas of the territories;2) transcendental digital transformations directed to bibliographic databases and videoconferencing;3) research methodology, is key in scientific production and entrepreneurship becomes a transversal axis for the studies developed. It is concluded that the use of bibliographic databases and videoconferencing are inevitable in the university processes of transformation of research and innovation, and particularly the methodology emphasizes the use of digital technologies as a means from the ethical and scientific that corresponds to the new model of educational technology transfer © 2022. Revista de Ciencias Sociales.All Rights Reserved.

17.
Mental Health Practice ; 25(3):30-36, 2022.
Article in English | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-1841678

ABSTRACT

Why you should read this article: • To understand the potential benefits of using digital messaging services to engage with service users • To learn about a digital messaging service that has been developed and rolled out in numerous trusts • To recognise the challenges that may be encountered when providing digital healthcare and consider how to address these School nurses and health visitors across the NHS often use text messaging as a simple and efficient way to engage service users directly. This article explores how a team of school nurses used a safe and secure web-based messaging portal – ChatHealth – to enable young people and their parents and/or carers to discreetly contact nurses about sensitive topics, such as mental health. The author also discusses the UK-wide roll-out of ChatHealth, as well as exploring how a perinatal mental health service and young people's mental health support team implemented their own messaging services to meet the needs of service users.

18.
International Journal of Data and Network Science ; 6(3):629-640, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1841641

ABSTRACT

The brisk spread of Covid-19 led educational policymakers and organizations to opt for better alternatives to resume the students' educational journey. In this context, Microsoft Teams remained one of the most devoted and credible online platforms that greatly facilitated the educational process across the globe. Current research also analyzed Microsoft Teams acceptance using the self-pro-posed conceptual model supported by the Technology Acceptance Model by Davis. We employed the survey method and examined the gathered using the applied Structural Equation Modelling (SEM). Results indicated that there is a significant impact of Covid-19 on the Perceived Ease of Use (p> 0.000) and Perceived Usefulness (p> 0.000). Besides, the relationship between Perceived Ease of Use and Perceived Usefulness also remained significant (p> 0.000). Moreover, the proposed relationship between Attitude, Perceived Ease of Use, and Perceived Usefulness also remained substantial (p> 0.009 and p> 0.000). However, the relationship between Attitude and Behavioral Intention remained insignificant (p> 0.556). Finally, the relationship between Behavioral Intention and Microsoft Teams Acceptance remained significant (p> 0.088). Thus, we concluded that Microsoft Teams is an effective study tool that unites students and instructors in the United Arab Emirates. It governs eLearning experiences and, therefore, provides a virtual environment to students and directly influences our perceptions and behavior. © 2022, Growing Science. All rights reserved.

19.
International Journal of Data and Network Science ; 6(3):779-786, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1841638

ABSTRACT

The business context has been affected by the action of Covid 19, and companies must react to this new reality. The research analyzes people, processes and technology and their effect on the development of the respective business strategy in small companies in Huancayo, Peru. The study design was non-probabilistic, cross-sectional, qualitative-quantitative and explanatory in a sample of 99 business units. The analytical technique used was structural equation modeling based on PLS. The results indicate that there is a positive relationship between the processes and technology used and the implementation of actions to achieve their objectives. No significant relationship was found with people, given that in the face of the health emergency, economic paralysis, closure of markets and sectors, the companies had to make decisions and postpone concern for human resources. The coefficient of determination (R2) was 79.3%, which shows that the model presented allows predicting future results. © 2022, Growing Science. All rights reserved.

20.
Language Teaching Research ; : 1, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1840875

ABSTRACT

To sustain students’ continuous learning in a Covid-19 pandemic context, schools and universities have shifted traditional classroom teaching to synchronous online teaching. However, there is limited understanding of acceptance and adoption of synchronous online teaching by university teachers of English as a foreign language (EFL). This study, therefore, examined EFL university teachers’ synchronous online teaching beliefs before and after the outbreak of Covid-19 in China drawing on Davis’s technology acceptance model. A total of 257 EFL university teachers participated in this study. Data were collected through a questionnaire which was designed to measure participants’ actual use (AU), attitudes toward use (ATU), perceived usefulness (PU), perceived ease of use (PEU), facilitating conditions (FC), social norms (SN), and self-efficacy (SE) in two synchronous online teaching conditions: before and after the Covid-19. The study showed that in-service EFL university teachers’ actual use of synchronous online teaching was subject to social (i.e. social norms), institutional (i.e. facilitating conditions), and individual (i.e. perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness, self-efficacy, and attitudes toward use) levels. The main change of teachers’ synchronous online teaching beliefs, due to the Covid-19, was that perceived usefulness became a significant predictor of teachers’ actual use of synchronous online teaching, whereas perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness changed to be insignificant predictors of teachers’ attitudes toward use of synchronous online teaching. Implications for teacher training and service were discussed to better support EFL university teachers’ synchronous online teaching in the future. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Language Teaching Research is the property of Sage Publications, Ltd. and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

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