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1.
Acta ortop. bras ; 30(1): e252138, 2022. tab
Article in English | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1704536

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction To evaluate the use of telemedicine by physicians specializing in orthopaedics and traumatology at the authors' institution, and to assess the rates of satisfaction and resolution for this type of care. The current global coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has resulted in the expansion of telemedicine services. However, quality measures and barriers for physicians dealing with the rapid increase in patients have not been well described. Materials and Methods This study included 255 patients with orthopaedic complaints. Between 24 and 48 hours after the appointment, independent physicians, who did not participate in the initial appointment, contacted one another to assess the degree of satisfaction with the appointment, and whether there was a solution to the orthopaedic complaint. Results There was a need for referral for face-to-face consultation in only 13.8% of cases. When asked about the probability of recommending telemedicine to a friend/family member, the answer was 90.3%. The satisfaction rate with the service was 91.1% and 93.69% of patients would return for a telemedicine consultation. Telemedicine consultations solved the problem in 82.74% of cases. Conclusions Telemedicine care in orthopaedics proved to be a service modality with a high rate of satisfaction among the patients evaluated. Level of evidence III, Retrospective cohort study.


RESUMO Introdução O estudo avaliou o uso da telemedicina por especialistas em ortopedia e traumatologia da instituição dos autores e avaliou os índices de satisfação e resolução desse tipo de atendimento. A atual pandemia causada pelo coronavírus 2019 (COVID-19) resultou na expansão dos serviços de telemedicina. Contudo, as medidas de qualidade e barreiras para médicos que lidam com o rápido aumento não foram bem descritas. Material e Método Este estudo incluiu 255 pacientes com queixas ortopédicas. Entre 24 e 48 horas depois da consulta, médicos independentes, que não participaram da primeira consulta, entraram em contato para avaliar o grau de satisfação com o atendimento e se houve solução da queixa ortopédica. Resultados Houve necessidade de encaminhamento para consultas presenciais em apenas 13,8% dos casos. Quando questionados sobre a probabilidade de recomendar a telemedicina para um amigo/familiar, a resposta dos participantes foi 90,3%. A taxa de satisfação com o serviço foi de 91,1% e 93,6% de pacientes que retornariam para consulta por telemedicina. As consultas de telemedicina resolveram o problema em 82,74% dos casos. Conclusões O atendimento por telemedicina em ortopedia mostrou ser uma modalidade de serviço com alto índice de satisfação entre os pacientes avaliados. Nível de evidência III, Estudo de coorte retrospectivo.

2.
Aten Primaria ; 54(1): 102156, 2022 01.
Article in Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1693940

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To know the characteristics of the initial care and telephone follow-up of patients with suspected COVID-19 in the first wave of the pandemic. DESIGN: Observational, retrospective (audit of medical records). LOCATION: Urban Primary Care Center of Andalusia (Spain). PARTICIPANTS: Probable cases of SARS-CoV-2 (from 20/03/15 to 20/06/15). PRINCIPAL MEASUREMENTS: Initial medical assessment (place and modality) and telephone follow-up (number of calls and duration). Sociodemographic variables (including family structure). Clinical course (symptoms, vulnerability, tests, hospital admission and outcome). RESULTS: Three hundred one patients (51.5±17.8 years; 23% vulnerable people; 17% non-nuclear family structure). First assessment in Primary Care by phone (59.8%) and face-to-face (25.2%). At the hospital emergency department (11%), patients were more frequently from non-nuclear families (P<.05 χ2) and more tests were carried out (P<.05 χ2) despite having similar symptoms. Vulnerable elderly patients needed home health care (P<.01 ANOVA). 8.2±4.4 follow-up phone calls were made per patient, for 17.1±10.3 days. It increases after ≥2 face-to-face consultations (OR 4.8), the presence of alarm symptoms (OR 2.3) and age ≥45 years (OR 2.0). Few confirmatory tests were performed (19.3% antigenic, 13% serology). The 15.3% hospital admissions (all assessed previously in Primary Care), with 6.3% severe cases and 2.3% death. CONCLUSION: Population chose to be attended in Primary Care during the pandemic first wave, above all by phone. Telephone follow-up was well accepted and useful to select patients with serious complications. Initial medical assessment in the hospital emergency department was related to a lack of social support but not with greater clinical severity.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Aged , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Spain/epidemiology
3.
Nutr Hosp ; 38(Spec No1): 26-30, 2022 Mar 29.
Article in Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1687677

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has accelerated the process of healthcare digitalization. This paradigm shift is a challenge for both healthcare professionals and patients. This article discusses the opinions of patients with different levels of familiarity with new technologies, as well as the perspective of healthcare professionals on new patients and technological innovations.


Introducción: La pandemia por SARS-CoV-2 ha acelerado el proceso de digitalización de la asistencia sanitaria. El cambio en el paradigma puede suponer un reto tanto para los profesionales sanitarios como para los pacientes. En este artículo se muestran la opinión de pacientes con distintos niveles de familiaridad con las nuevas tecnologías y la perspectiva de los profesionales sanitarios sobre el nuevo paciente y las innovaciones tecnológicas.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Delivery of Health Care , Health Personnel , Humans , Pandemics
4.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 28(4): 319-323, jul.-ago. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1687786

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Severe acute respiratory syndrome due to coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has overwhelmingly affected the health-care systems globally. Delivering cardiovascular care has become unusually difficult both for caregivers and physicians in these unprecedented times. Methods: We briefly reviewed how cardiac care can be delivered to patients while limiting the exposure of both patients and healthcare workers through telemedicine services. We made a comparison at our institute of outpatient services through routine and telemedicine visits. Results: We found that telemedicine can be an equally effective alternative cardiac care during the times of pandemic with no significant difference in patients profile admitted through telemedicine services. Conclusions: We concluded that telemedicine can prove to be an effective tool in delivering cardiac care by limiting exposure of both patients and physicians with better triage of cardiac patients in the situation of COVID-19 pandemic and may complement to regular cardiac care in routine times.


Resumen Introducción: El síndrome respiratorio agudo grave dado por el COVID-19 ha afectado de manera abrumadora a los sistemas de salud a nivel mundial. La prestación de servicios de atención cardiovascular se ha tornado inusualmente difícil tanto para los cuidadores como para los médicos en estos tiempos inéditos. Métodos: Realizamos una revisión breve de cómo se puede brindar atención cardíaca a los pacientes a la vez que se limita la exposición tanto de pacientes como del personal de la salud a través de los servicios de telemedicina. Comparamos los servicios ambulatorios habituales con las visitas de telemedicina en nuestro instituto. Resultados: Encontramos que la tele medicina puede ser una alternativa igualmente efectiva de atención cardíaca durante tiempos de pandemia, sin ninguna diferencia significativa en el perfil de los pacientes ingresados a través de los servicios de telemedicina. Conclusiones: Concluimos que la telemedicina puede convertirse en una herramienta efectiva para proporcionar atención en salud cardíaca al limitar la exposición tanto de pacientes como de médicos con un mejor triage de pacientes cardíacos en el contexto de la pandemia por COVID-19, y puede llegar a ser un complemento de la atención cardíaca habitual en tiempos normales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Telemedicine , COVID-19 , Pandemics , Ambulatory Care
5.
Neurocirugia (Astur : Engl Ed) ; 2021 Dec 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1586938

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Chronic pain is one of the most prevalent pathologies in the world. Treatment with neurostimulators is carried out in the most extreme cases and requires a large investment of resources. In these times of the COVID19 pandemic, we present a comprehensive solution for monitoring this kind of patient, this solution includes the development of a mobile application and a support center for remote monitoring (SCRM). MATERIAL AND METHODOLOGY: The project was developed according to the scientific evidence in the following phases: (1) Approval in a multidisciplinary clinical committee of implants for chronic pain, (2) Setting up a group of experts, (3) Protocol adaptation for the follow-up of patients with chronic pain to the Smartphone environment, (4) Technology platform adaptation to the clinical protocol (technological environment and workflow between the hospital and the SCRM), and (5) Quality evaluation by survey (quantitative and qualitative) of a small series of patients. RESULTS: The application was evaluated by asking for user opinions about design and usefulness with the first implanted patients. Some minor adjustments were made concerning downloadable material and screen color and text. CONCLUSIONS: Developing a comprehensive solution should be based on scientific principles and in accordance with established protocols. A support center ensures greater adherence for follow-up and better patient care.

6.
REC: CardioClinics ; 2021.
Article in Spanish | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1559033

ABSTRACT

Resumen La pandemia provocada por el coronavirus del síndrome respiratorio agudo grave de tipo 2 (SARS-CoV-2) ha sido la protagonista del último año. Esta pandemia ha provocado gran mortalidad en todo el planeta. En este artículo revisamos los aspectos más destacados de la enfermedad provocada por el coronavirus de 2019 (COVID-19) para el cardiólogo clínico, como la afectación cardiovascular, la COVID persistente, el tratamiento con fármacos bloqueadores del sistema renina-angiotensina, la trombosis, el tratamiento antitrombótico, las estatinas y su papel antiinflamatorio en la infección y las vacunas para conseguir la inmunidad de la población. Durante este año la telemedicina ha ayudado a atender a los pacientes de manera remota, pero también ha supuesto un cambio en la práctica clínica. El cardiólogo clínico ha presenciado grandes avances científicos en el conocimiento de la COVID-19 y ha tenido que adaptarse a esta nueva situación, modificando su práctica clínica. Por tanto, abordamos el tema COVID y corazón en esta selección de lo mejor de 2021 en cardiología clínica y COVID. The pandemic caused by the SARS-Cov-2 coronavirus (severe acute respiratory syndrome, coronavirus type 2) has been the protagonist last year. This pandemic has caused great mortality throughout the planet. In this article we review the highlights of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) for the clinical cardiologist, such as cardiovascular disease, long-COVID, treatment with renin-angiotensin system blocking drugs, thrombosis, the antithrombotic therapy, statins and their anti-inflammatory role in infection, and vaccines to achieve the immunity of the population. During this year, telemedicine has helped doctors to remotely attend their patients, but it has also meant a change in clinical practices. clinical cardiologists have seen great scientific advances in the knowledge of COVID-19 and have had to adapt to this new situation, modifying their clinical practice. We address these aspects in this selection of the best topics of 2021 in clinical cardiology and COVID.

7.
Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición ; 2021.
Article in Spanish | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1556997

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo Comprobar la efectividad clínica y la repercusión sobre los parámetros de calidad de vida, miedo a hipoglucemias y satisfacción con el tratamiento obtenidas con un programa de implantación de sistemas de monitorización intermitente o tipo flash de glucosa (MFG) que incluye una intervención educativa telemática y grupal en adultos con diabetes mellitus tipo 1 (DM1). Material y métodos Estudio cuasiexperimental prospectivo, realizado durante el período de pandemia COVID-19 con un seguimiento de 9 meses en el Hospital Universitario Virgen Macarena, Sevilla. Resultados Se analizaron 88 participantes (varones: 46,6%;edad media: 38,08 años (desviación estándar [DE]: 9,38);tiempo de evolución DM1: 18,4 años (DE: 10,49);tratamiento con múltiples dosis de insulina (MDI) 70,5 vs. 29,5% bombas de infusión subcutánea continua de insulina (ISCI)). HbA1c basal del 7,74% (DE: 1,08). Tras la intervención el descenso global de HbA1c fue del −0,45% (p<0,01), aumentando a −1,08% en el grupo que partía con HbA1c≥8% (p<0,01). El descenso medio en la puntuación del test Fear of Hypoglycaemia (FH15) fue de −6,5 puntos (p<0,01), en el test Diabetes Quality of Life en español (EsDQOL): −8,44 puntos (p<0,01), y en el test Diabetes Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire (DTQ-s): +4 puntos (p<0,01). No se registraron eventos adversos locales ni complicaciones agudas o crónicas de la diabetes durante el seguimiento. Conclusión La incorporación de un programa educativo en formato grupal y telemático sobre el uso de dispositivos de MFG dentro del desarrollo de estrategias de implantación de estos sistemas es una opción efectiva y con beneficios asociados en calidad de vida y miedo a hipoglucemias, implementable en la práctica clínica habitual en pacientes adultos con DM1. Objectives Verifying the clinical effectiveness and the impact on quality-of-life parameters, fear of hypoglycaemia and satisfaction with the treatment obtained with a flash glucose monitoring (MFG) devices implantation program that includes a telematic and group educational intervention in adults with type 1 diabetes. Patients and methods Prospective quasi-experimental study, carried out during the COVID-19 pandemic period with a 9-month follow-up at the Virgen Macarena University Hospital, Sevilla. Results Eighty-eight participants were included (men: 46.6%;mean age (years) 38.08, SD: 9.38);years of DM1 evolution: 18.4 (SD: 10.49);treatment with multiple doses insulin (MDI) 70.5% vs 29.5% subcutaneous insulin infusion therapy (CSII)). Baseline HbA1c was 7.74% (1.08). After the intervention, the global decrease in HbA1c was −0.45% (95% CI [−0.6, −0.25], P<.01), increasing to −1.08% in the group that started with HbA1c≥8% (P<.01). A mean decrease in the Fear of Hypoglycemia 15 (FH15) test score of −6.5 points was observed (P<.01). In the global score of the spanish version of Diabetes Quality Of Life (DQOL-s) test, the decrease was −8.44 points (P<.01). In Diabetes Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire test (DTQ-s), global score increased in +4 points (P<.01). Conclusions The incorporation of an educational program in group and telematic format within the development of MFG devices implantation strategies is an effective option, with associated benefits in quality of life and fear of hypoglycemia in adult patients with DM1. This option can be implemented in usual clinical practice.

8.
J Healthc Qual Res ; 2021 Nov 05.
Article in Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1555925

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Electronic consultation (eConsultation) can precede, complete, or replace visits to the specialist. OBJECTIVE: To describe the profile of eConsultations issued from Primary Care (PC) to the Endocrinology Unit since their implementation in our hospital, to assess the response time and to evaluate changes in trends in relation to the COVID19 pandemic. A secondary objective is to evaluate the degree of satisfaction of PC specialists with this tool. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational retrospective study of Endocrinology eConsultations conducted from June 2019 to October 2020 analysing 2periods: pre-COVID and post-COVID. The degree of satisfaction of the Family and Community Medicine specialists was assessed by means of a questionnaire. RESULTS: 391 eConsultations were answered (69 pre-COVID and 322 post-COVID). The response time was less than 24h in 85% of them. A total of 35.3% were resolved without the need for visits or additional tests. Thyroid pathology was the most consulted. The incidence was significantly higher in the post-COVID period. The proportion of high resolution was significantly higher in the pre-COVID period. There were no differences in the rest of the parameters analysed in both periods. Thirty-nine point 2percent of PC specialists answered the survey. The degree of satisfaction of PC specialists was high. A total of 92.7% considered that the tool met their expectations and 90.5% were satisfied or very satisfied with its use. CONCLUSION: The COVID epidemic has driven the use of eConsultation in Endocrinology, which makes it possible to precede, complete or replace visits to the specialist, with a high degree of user satisfaction.

9.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 157(3): 323-326, may.-jun. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1552052

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Los pacientes con diabetes experimentan dificultades para mantener el control glucémico durante el confinamiento por la pandemia de COVID-19, con el riesgo de presentar complicaciones crónicas de la diabetes y COVID-19 grave. Objetivo: El propósito de este estudio fue evaluar la conversión de un centro de atención primaria presencial de diabetes a un servicio de telemedicina por llamada telefónica. Métodos: Se realizaron consultas médicas por llamada telefónica durante la etapa inicial del confinamiento (abril a junio de 2020), para continuar el seguimiento de pacientes ingresados a un programa de atención multicomponente en diabetes. Resultados: Se realizaron 1118 consultas por llamada telefónica para continuar el seguimiento de 192 pacientes con diabetes tipo 2. Participaron diferentes profesionales de distintas áreas de la salud: atención médica, educación en diabetes, nutrición, psicología y podología. Conclusiones: La atención multicomponente en diabetes se transformó con éxito de un esquema de atención presencial a un servicio de telemedicina. Numerosos pacientes de atención primaria pueden ser candidatos a telemedicina. Se debe considerar un rediseño del modelo de atención que incorpore la telemedicina para mitigar la carga de morbimortalidad en enfermedades crónicas impuesta por la pandemia de COVID-19, pero también para la era pos-COVID-19.


Abstract Introduction: Patients with diabetes experience difficulties to maintain glycemic control during the confinement due to the COVID-19 pandemic, with the risk of developing diabetes chronic complications and severe COVID-19. Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the conversion of an outpatient diabetes primary care center from a face-to-face care modality to a telemedicine care service by telephone. Methods: Medical consultations were made by telephone during the initial phase of confinement (April to June 2020), to then continue the follow-up of patients admitted to a multicomponent diabetes care program. Results: A total of 1,118 consultations were made by telephone and follow-up was subsequently continued in 192 patients with type 2 diabetes. Different professionals from different health areas participated, including medical care, diabetes education, nutrition, psychology and podiatry. Conclusions: Multicomponent diabetes care was successfully transformed from a face-to-face care modality to a telemedicine service. Many primary care patients may be candidates for telemedicine. A redesign of the care model that incorporates telemedicine should be considered to mitigate chronic diseases burden of morbidity and mortality imposed by COVID-19 pandemic, but also for the post-COVID-19 era.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Telemedicine/methods , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/therapy , Ambulatory Care/methods , COVID-19 , Primary Health Care/methods , Primary Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Telemedicine/statistics & numerical data , Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data
10.
Gac Med Mex ; 157(3): 309-312, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1535086

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Patients with diabetes experience difficulties to maintain glycemic control during the confinement due to the COVID-19 pandemic, with the risk of developing diabetes chronic complications and severe COVID-19. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the conversion of an outpatient diabetes primary care center from a face-to-face care modality to a telemedicine care service by telephone. METHODS: Medical consultations were made by telephone during the initial phase of confinement (April to June 2020), to then continue the follow-up of patients admitted to a multicomponent diabetes care program. RESULTS: A total of 1,118 consultations were made by telephone and follow-up was subsequently continued in 192 patients with type 2 diabetes. Different professionals from different health areas participated, including medical care, diabetes education, nutrition, psychology and podiatry. CONCLUSIONS: Multicomponent diabetes care was successfully transformed from a face-to-face care modality to a telemedicine service. Many primary care patients may be candidates for telemedicine. A redesign of the care model that incorporates telemedicine should be considered to mitigate chronic diseases burden of morbidity and mortality imposed by COVID-19 pandemic, but also for the post-COVID-19 era.


INTRODUCCIÓN: Los pacientes con diabetes experimentan dificultades para mantener el control glucémico durante el confinamiento por la pandemia de COVID-19, con el riesgo de presentar complicaciones crónicas de la diabetes y COVID-19 grave. OBJETIVO: El propósito de este estudio fue evaluar la conversión de un centro de atención primaria presencial de diabetes a un servicio de telemedicina por llamada telefónica. MÉTODOS: Se realizaron consultas médicas por llamada telefónica durante la etapa inicial del confinamiento (abril a junio de 2020), para continuar el seguimiento de pacientes ingresados a un programa de atención multicomponente en diabetes. RESULTADOS: Se realizaron 1118 consultas por llamada telefónica para continuar el seguimiento de 192 pacientes con diabetes tipo 2. Participaron diferentes profesionales de distintas áreas de la salud: atención médica, educación en diabetes, nutrición, psicología y podología. CONCLUSIONES: La atención multicomponente en diabetes se transformó con éxito de un esquema de atención presencial a un servicio de telemedicina. Numerosos pacientes de atención primaria pueden ser candidatos a telemedicina. Se debe considerar un rediseño del modelo de atención que incorpore la telemedicina para mitigar la carga de morbimortalidad en enfermedades crónicas impuesta por la pandemia de COVID-19, pero también para la era pos-COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Ambulatory Care/methods , COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/therapy , Telemedicine/methods , Adult , Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Primary Health Care/methods , Primary Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Prospective Studies , Telemedicine/statistics & numerical data
11.
Aten Primaria ; 54(1): 102156, 2022 01.
Article in Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1491700

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To know the characteristics of the initial care and telephone follow-up of patients with suspected COVID-19 in the first wave of the pandemic. DESIGN: Observational, retrospective (audit of medical records). LOCATION: Urban Primary Care Center of Andalusia (Spain). PARTICIPANTS: Probable cases of SARS-CoV-2 (from 20/03/15 to 20/06/15). PRINCIPAL MEASUREMENTS: Initial medical assessment (place and modality) and telephone follow-up (number of calls and duration). Sociodemographic variables (including family structure). Clinical course (symptoms, vulnerability, tests, hospital admission and outcome). RESULTS: Three hundred one patients (51.5±17.8 years; 23% vulnerable people; 17% non-nuclear family structure). First assessment in Primary Care by phone (59.8%) and face-to-face (25.2%). At the hospital emergency department (11%), patients were more frequently from non-nuclear families (P<.05 χ2) and more tests were carried out (P<.05 χ2) despite having similar symptoms. Vulnerable elderly patients needed home health care (P<.01 ANOVA). 8.2±4.4 follow-up phone calls were made per patient, for 17.1±10.3 days. It increases after ≥2 face-to-face consultations (OR 4.8), the presence of alarm symptoms (OR 2.3) and age ≥45 years (OR 2.0). Few confirmatory tests were performed (19.3% antigenic, 13% serology). The 15.3% hospital admissions (all assessed previously in Primary Care), with 6.3% severe cases and 2.3% death. CONCLUSION: Population chose to be attended in Primary Care during the pandemic first wave, above all by phone. Telephone follow-up was well accepted and useful to select patients with serious complications. Initial medical assessment in the hospital emergency department was related to a lack of social support but not with greater clinical severity.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Aged , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Spain/epidemiology
12.
An Pediatr (Engl Ed) ; 95(5): 336-344, 2021 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1466040

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Telemedicine is an attractive option for the follow-up of paediatric patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection. The aim of this article is to describe the experience with telephone consultations in a tertiary hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective descriptive study of children with confirmed or probable diagnosis of COVID-19 attended by telephone consultations in Hospital La Paz (Madrid) between March and June 2020. Patients were referred from the Emergency Department after being discharged from the hospital. Telephone consultations were made every 48 h until symptoms resolved, then weekly until completing 14 days without symptoms. RESULTS: A total of 72 children were included, with median age of 83.5 months [IQR = 16.3-157.5]. Of those 46 (63.9%) were male, and 14 (19.4%) had comorbidities. There were 32 (44.4%) hospital admissions. COVID-19 diagnosis was confirmed in 33 children by RT-PCR, and in 7 by serology tests. The seroconversion rate was 67.7% in those patients with a positive RT-PCR. Other infections were found in 7 patients (5 Mycoplasma pneumoniae, 1 parvovirus, and 1 CMV). Median symptom duration was 25.5 days [IQR = 13.8-37], while median follow-up duration was 28 days [IQR = 21-39]. The median number of telephone consultations per patient was 6 [IQR = 4-8]. Clinical worsening was reported in 19 (26.4%) during follow-up, and 14 (19.4%) were re-evaluated in the Emergency Department. One patient required hospital admission, but he had a favourable outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Children with suspected SARS-CoV-2 infection should be followed-up due to prolonged duration of symptoms, and the risk of clinical deterioration. Telephone consultations are a useful and safe alternative for the follow-up of patients with mild symptoms, and for children discharged from the hospital.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Telemedicine , COVID-19 Testing , Child , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Tertiary Care Centers
13.
Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 2021 Sep 08.
Article in English, Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1450111

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 pandemic increased medical services demand aside from interrupting daily clinical practice for other diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Here we present the results of a survey to gain the perception of IBD specialists in their patient-management using telemedicine in their daily practice. METHODS: This was an observational survey study among physicians focused on IBD (gastroenterologist, surgeons, and pediatricians) members of the Spanish Working Group on Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis (GETECCU), the Spanish Association of Gastroenterology (AEG), and the Spanish Association of Coloproctology (AECP), regarding changes of management of IBD patients. RESULTS: We received a total of 269 responses to the survey (from May to June 2020). Before the pandemic, nearly all the respondents reported performing very frequently their visits face-to-face (n=251, 93.3%) while, during the pandemic, the telephone visits were the most frequent visits performed (n=138, 51.3%). Regarding communication difficulties, 157 (58.4%) respondents reported the impossibility of performing a proper examination as the most relevant issue. Also, 114 (42.4%) respondents considered remote visits more time-consuming than face-to-face visits. Most gastroenterologists (n=188, 83.2%) considered patients with active perianal disease in special need of face-to-face consultation and more than half of the surgeons (n=35, 50.7%) reported having performed an immediate postoperative follow-up remotely. CONCLUSIONS: Most IBD units have implemented remote visits during the pandemic, but most professionals found them more time-consuming and unsuitable for some disease profiles. Therefore, there is a need for the development of better telemedicine systems that can meet professionals' and patients' requirements.

14.
Rev Colomb Psiquiatr (Engl Ed) ; 2021 Sep 04.
Article in English, Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1437564

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Lockdowns and social distancing as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic have brought about the need to continue treatment virtually in patients with Eating Disorders (ED). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate feasibility, acceptability and adherence to virtual treatment in patients, families and therapists. METHODS: Fourteen patients, 10 family members and eight therapists from an intensive outpatient program for ED answered online surveys and a SWOT analysis was performed with the responses. RESULTS: Virtual treatment during lockdown was considered feasible and useful by all respondents. Fear of contagion and the presence of parents in the home were identified as strengths. Parents reported problems with nutritional plan compliance, especially in anorexia patients. Therapists highlighted the importance of methodological adaptations in sessions to improve participation. Adherence to sessions was 100% for family members and 90% for patients. CONCLUSIONS: Adaptation to a virtual program is a valid and useful option during lockdowns. It improves family participation, but does not replace face-to-face treatment.

15.
Neurologia (Engl Ed) ; 2021 Sep 16.
Article in English, Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1415685

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Reliable assessment of individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) is essential for providing adequate treatment. Clinical assessment is a complex and time-consuming task, especially for bradykinesia, since its evaluation can be influenced by the degree of experience of the examiner, patient collaboration and individual bias. Improvement of the clinical evaluation can be obtained by considering assessments from several professionals. However, this is only true when inter and intra-rater agreement are high. Recently, the Movement Disorder Society highlighted, during the COVID-19 pandemic, the need to develop and validate technologies for remote assessment of the motor status of people with PD. Thus, this study introduces an objective strategy for the remote evaluation of bradykinesia using multi-specialist analysis. METHODS: Twelve volunteers with PD participated and these were asked to execute finger tapping, hand opening/closing and pronation/supination movements. Each task was recorded and rated by fourteen PD health experts for each patient. The scores were assessed on an individual basis. Intra and inter-rater agreement and correlation were estimated. RESULTS: The results showed that agreements and correlations between experienced examiners were high with low variability. In addition, group analysis was noted as possessing the potential to solve individual inconsistency bias. CONCLUSION: Furthermore, this study demonstrated the need for a group with prior training and experience, along with indicating the importance for the development of a clinical protocol that can use telemedicine for the evaluation of individuals with PD, as well as the inclusion of a specialized mediating group. In Addition, this research helps to the development of a valid remote assessment of bradykinesia.

16.
Salud ment ; 43(6): 311-318, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1405569

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Frontline COVID-19 healthcare workers (FLHCWs) are at a high-risk of suffering occupational stress- and trauma-related mental health problems, including burnout and compassion fatigue (B&CF). Given the time limitations (due to their heavy workloads) and need to minimize face-to-face interventions (in order to avoid contagions), psychological interventions for FHCWs should be as brief and remote as possible. Objective To evaluate the usability and clarity of evidence-based psycho-educational videos to prevent B&CF, to deal with uncooperative, hostile, and anxious patients and relatives, and to use personal protective equipment (PPE), from the perspective of Mexican FLHCWs. Method Based on a convenience sampling by intensity approach, videos were distributed requesting feedback based on specific questions through WhatsApp to FLHCWs. Field notes were used to triangulate the information. Results Content analysis of feedback from a final sample of 24 participants ‒75% women, 42 ± 8.4 years old‒ yielded three general thematic categories and seven subthemes: 1. content evaluation, which included three subthemes: utility, pertinence, and practicality; 2. dissemination and other needs, with two subcategories: willingness to share and receive more videos (other needs); and 3. format aspects, also comprising two subthemes: attractiveness and duration. All participants found the videos content very beneficial, relevant, and applicable to the workplace and even in their everyday personal and family life, and were willing to share them and to receive more videos on other issues, including strategies to manage problems related to isolation. Discussion and conclusion Escalation of this remote preventive intervention to other COVID-19 centers and future similar epidemics is recommended.


Resumen Introducción Los trabajadores de la salud de primera línea (TSPL) ante el COVID-19 presentan alto riesgo de desgaste profesional y fatiga por compasión (DP&FC). Tomando en cuenta sus limitaciones de tiempo y la necesidad de minimizar las intervenciones cara a cara, las intervenciones psicológicas para los TSPL deben ser tan breves y remotas como sea posible. Objetivo Evaluar la utilidad y claridad de videos psicoeducativos basados en evidencia para prevenir DP&FC, el manejo de pacientes y familiares no cooperativos, hostiles o ansiosos, y el uso de equipo de protección personal desde la perspectiva de los TSPL mexicanos. Método Los videos se distribuyeron a los TSPL por medio de WhatsApp, solicitándoles su opinión con base en preguntas específicas. Se utilizaron notas de campo para triangular esta información. Resultados El análisis de contenido de las retroalimentaciones recibidas por una muestra final de 24 participantes ‒75% mujeres, 42 ± 8.4 años‒ arrojó tres categorías temáticas y nueve subtemas: 1. evaluación de contenido, con tres subtemas: utilidad, pertinencia y practicidad, 2. difusión y otras necesidades, con dos subcategorías: disponibilidad tanto a compartir como a recibir más videos (otras necesidades), y 3. aspectos de forma, también con dos subtemas: atractivo y duración. La totalidad consideró los videos muy benéficos, relevantes y aplicables en el trabajo y su vida diaria personal y familiar; y reportó disposición a compartirlos y a recibir más material de este tipo. Discusión y conclusión Se recomienda el escalamiento de esta medida preventiva y remota a otros centros COVID-19 y en futuras epidemias similares.

17.
Actas Dermosifiliogr (Engl Ed) ; 112(4): 324-329, 2021 Apr.
Article in English, Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1384815

ABSTRACT

The use and acceptance of teledermatology increased more in the last 2 months of the recent lockdown owing to coronavirus disease 2019 than in the preceding 20 years. This sudden popularity -even among the greatest skeptics- was driven by the need to offer solutions to patients in both public and private settings who suddenly found themselves unable to access in-person dermatological care. Even departments already offering an asynchronous, store-and-forward teledermatology service were obliged to create new systems to support direct interaction between specialists and patients (the direct-to-consumer model). This article suggests some practical ways to implement TD safely and to expedite and optimize teleconsultations; these ideas are not just applicable to a pandemic situation.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Dermatology/trends , Skin Diseases , Telemedicine/trends , Humans , Pandemics
18.
Actas Dermosifiliogr (Engl Ed) ; 112(2): 127-133, 2021 Feb.
Article in English, Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1384814

ABSTRACT

Teledermatology is now fully incorporated into our clinical practice. However, after reviewing current legislation on the ethical aspects of teledermatology (data confidentiality, quality of care, patient autonomy, and privacy) as well as insurance and professional responsibility, we observed that a specific regulatory framework is still lacking and related legal aspects are still at a preliminary stage of development. Safeguarding confidentiality and patient autonomy and ensuring secure storage and transfer of data are essential aspects of telemedicine. One of the main topics of debate has been the responsibilities of the physicians involved in the process, with the concept of designating a single responsible clinician emerging as a determining factor in the allocation of responsibility in this setting. A specific legal and regulatory framework must be put in place to ensure the safe practice of teledermatology for medical professionals and their patients.


Subject(s)
Confidentiality , Dermatology , Telemedicine , COVID-19/epidemiology , Computer Security/ethics , Computer Security/legislation & jurisprudence , Confidentiality/ethics , Confidentiality/legislation & jurisprudence , Dermatology/ethics , Dermatology/legislation & jurisprudence , Emergencies , European Union , Humans , Informed Consent/legislation & jurisprudence , Insurance, Liability/legislation & jurisprudence , Pandemics , Personal Autonomy , SARS-CoV-2 , Spain , Telemedicine/ethics , Telemedicine/legislation & jurisprudence
19.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(6): 2149-2157, jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1299358

ABSTRACT

Resumo O SARS-CoV-2, vírus causador da Covid-19, é o terceiro coronavírus a causar doença grave em humanos e que apresentou disseminação global nas duas últimas décadas. Nesse contexto, diversos departamentos nacionais de saúde pública, entre eles o Ministério da Saúde do Brasil, trouxeram destaque àquilo que era, até então, considerado um serviço de apoio ao sistema de saúde: a telessaúde e a telemedicina. Pretendemos apresentar as ações realizadas por um serviço nacional de telessaúde no Brasil, tanto no suporte aos profissionais de saúde da Atenção Primária à Saúde quanto a pacientes, além de discutir o potencial de reorganizar um sistema de saúde. Estudo de prevalência que sumariza as ações de telemedicina adotadas pelo TelessaúdeRS-UFRGS no período da 9ª à 27ª semana epidemiológica de 2020 para apoio aos serviços de saúde do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Houve aumento de 76,8% da demanda de teleconsultorias telefônicas no período avaliado em comparação com o mesmo período em 2019, sendo 28,8% dessa demanda total decorrente de dúvidas relacionada à Covid-19. A pandemia por Covid-19 demandou rápida resposta com a organização de materiais sobre a doença, uma nova equipe para execução das atividades de telemonitoramento e teleconsultas, além da elaboração de um manual para teleconsultas na Atenção Primária à Saúde.


Abstract SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes Covid-19, is the third coronavirus to cause severe disease in humans and to spread globally in the past two decades. In this context, several national public health departments, including the Brazilian Ministry of Health, highlighted what was, until then, considered a support service to the health system: telehealth and telemedicine. We intend to present the actions carried out by a national telehealth service in Brazil, both as a Primary Health Care (PHC) support service to professionals and to patients, as well as discussing the potential to reorganize a health system. This is a prevalence study that summarizes the measures adopted by Brazilian Telehealth Center from the 9th to the 27th epidemiological weeks of 2020 to support the health services of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS). There was an increase of 76.8% in the demand for telephone teleconsultations during the evaluated period compared to the same period in 2019, with 28.8% of the entire demand arising from doubts related to Covid-19. The Covid-19 pandemic demanded a quick response, with the organization of materials about the disease, a new team to carry out telemonitoring and teleconsultation activities, in addition to the creation of a manual for teleconsultations in Primary Health Care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Telemedicine , Remote Consultation , COVID-19 , Primary Health Care , Brazil , Telemonitoring
20.
Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 45(4): 299-303, 2022 Apr.
Article in English, Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1275326

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has meant a qualitative change in the way patients are treated in outpatient clinics. The need to take measures of social isolation as prevention for contagion by the new coronavirus has forced the use of telematic and telephone consultations in most medical and surgical units. The specialty of digestive medicine, due to the characteristics of its patients and frequent support in complementary techniques for diagnosis, is especially suitable for the use of non-contact consultations. In this document a series of recommendations are proposed that can serve as a guide for the establishment or improvement of non-face-to-face digestive medicine consultations.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Telemedicine , Humans , Pandemics/prevention & control , Referral and Consultation , Telemedicine/methods
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