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1.
Webology ; 19(2):7093-7105, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1958355

ABSTRACT

This study discusses changes in the open economy model in supporting economic stability after the COVID-19 7H-countries, where the countries are Turkey, Uruguay, Belarus, Kenya, Mongolia, Indonesia, and Mexico. This research uses the simultaneous regression analysis method and ARDL Panel. The study results show that consumption, investment, government spending, and Inflation are open economic models that can support financial stability during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the leading indicators on the panel only affect the Long Run, namely GDP, consumption, and exports. At the same time, for the Short Run, the open economy variables have not been able to become leading indicators of economic stability.

2.
Problems of Education in the 21st Century ; 80(3):438-455, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1958279

ABSTRACT

Turkish early childhood pre-service teachers had to follow their student teaching practicum courses through emergency remote teaching on the online platform available to them during COVID-19 pandemic like in most countries. The pre-service teachers were experimenting with this new form of student teaching practicum by building up new knowledge and experiences without being present in the school context and having no interaction with the children. This study aims to analyse early childhood education pre-service teachers' experiences of emergency remote teaching (ERT) during COVID-19 Pandemic in Turkey and explore how these experiences shape their professional development to meet the quality standards and preschool teacher competencies. Doing a content analysis of the codes through a qualitative data analysis software program (NVivo 12) and making a constant comparison between codes and categories, three themes as a result of this study after doing a content analysis of the data, have emerged: (1) Early childhood education pre-service teachers’ practices in ERT supported only certain competencies. (2) With its natural structure of distance education, ERT restrained pre-service teachers' field experiences to enable them to gain the necessary competencies and qualifications for early childhood education (3) the pre-service teachers perceived ERT as insufficient for their placement experiences. There is a need for a regulation on how the practice in teacher education should be done in ERT since pre-service teachers' field placements have a crucial role in their training and there is a missing gap for practice during distance education.

3.
Webology ; 19(1):7922-7930, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1957729

ABSTRACT

For several decades, many countries implemented a variety of social protection to respond to various socioeconomic challenges and crises. Recently, there is an increase in the implementation of social protection due to the pandemic crisis to support the poor and vulnerable groups to cope with deprivation, poverty, and social exclusion. In some countries, both the government and NGOs execute such programs whilst in others;the NGOs are key actors in delivering social protection support. In the context of the covid-19 pandemic, NGOs could face numerous challenges such as restricted funding due to the global crisis and restriction measures enforced by the countries. This could affect NGOs activities and therefore worsen the living conditions of some vulnerable groups such as the refugees during the pandemic crisis. This study investigates Turkey's local NGOs implementation of Social Protection measures to support the refugees particularly in Istanbul during the covid-19 pandemic. Accordingly, a SWOT analysis was carried out to point out the external and internal factors of local NGOs in implementing the protection measures in the benefit of the refugees during the covid-19 pandemic. The findings showed that local NGOs encountered numerous challenges in implementing social protection measures, which could reduce the effectiveness of executed programs to satisfy the targeting beneficiaries. However, these local NGOs could be key legal instruments for future crises as they have received many volunteer employees, obtained donations from Turkish citizens, and established collaboration with some private and public institutions during the covid-19 crisis.

4.
Turk Geriatri Dergisi ; 25(2):282-290, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1957658

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This study aims to determine the effect of religious coping on geriatric anxiety in a group of older Turkish women during the COVID-19 pandemic period. Methods: Implementing a cross-sectional research design, this study was conducted on 356 women who visited the women’s health clinics, for various reasons, in a hospital in Elazig, Turkey, between January and February 2021. Data were collected using a sociodemographic form, the COVID-19 Phobia Scale, the Religious Coping Scale, and the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory. Results: The study determined that 78.4% of the women were between 60 and 70 years old, 43.0% had a basic level of literacy, 82.9% were married, 45.8% had equal income and expenditures, and 69.9% were housewives. Data showed 87.9% of the women had chronic diseases and 45.2% had difficulties accessing hospital services. The relationship between geriatric anxiety and the age and marital status of participants was significant. Women aged 71 to 81 years and single women had a higher risk of geriatric anxiety;unemployed women were found to have more geriatric anxiety. Those with geriatric anxiety perceived their health status to be moderate. The negative religious coping score was found to be statistically significantly higher in the older women who experienced geriatric anxiety. Conclusion: These results reveal the importance of supporting older women in coping with fear and geriatric anxiety. Old age often brings loneliness and loss of income for women and those forced to remain at home due to restrictions during the COVID-19 pandemic period need to be considered holistically.

5.
Journal of Pediatric Infectious Diseases ; 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1956444

ABSTRACT

Objective The research on severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) mainly consists of adult patients, leaving its impact on children understudied. This study aims to investigate the correlations between viral load, clinical course, age, and Alpha variant (B.1.1.7) in children. Methods The study was conducted on children under the age of 18 years, who were admitted to Amasya University Sabuncuoglu Serefeddin Research and Training Hospital in Turkey between February and April 2021. ΔCt values, which were obtained by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), were analyzed to estimate the viral loads of the patients. Alpha variant (B.1.1.7) positivity was determined by real-time PCR. Results There was no difference between estimated viral loads of different clinical courses (p > 0.05), or between asymptomatic and symptomatic patients (p > 0.05). Viral loads were found to decrease with increasing age (p = 0.002). Also, a higher rate of symptomatic disease was found in children under the age of 4 years (p < 0.05). Alpha variant (B.1.1.7) was not found to be associated with severe disease in children (p > 0.05). Conclusion Our results demonstrate higher viral loads and symptomatic disease in children under the age of 4 years. Alpha variant (B.1.1.7) was not found to be related to disease severity. There has not been a consensus on the vaccination of the pediatric population worldwide. More studies are needed to understand the viral kinetics of SARS-CoV-2 and its severity on children to build effective vaccination strategies in children as public health restrictions are eased.

6.
Journal of Pediatric Infectious Diseases ; 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1956443

ABSTRACT

Objective: Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) is a hyperinflammatory syndrome associated with multiorgan damage that occurs following coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Research on clinical and laboratory findings, and imaging studies, aiming to predict the progression to severe disease state is limited. This study recruited patients with MIS-C who presented with mild or severe symptoms from a single center in Turkey and evaluated factors related to their symptoms. Methods: This retrospective study included 25 pediatric patients with mild and severe presentations of MIS-C. We explored the differences in demographic and clinical data on clinical severity to understand their possible diagnostic and prognostic values. Results: Patients with MIS-C had cardiovascular symptoms (68%), gastrointestinal symptoms (64%), dermatologic/mucocutaneous findings (64%), lung involvement (36%), and neurological symptoms (16.0%). About 45.1% of patients with MIS-C had manifestations that overlapped with Kawasaki disease. Eleven patients (44%) were admitted to the intensive care unit, and one (4%) patient died. Grouping based on clinical severity did not differ statistically in terms of gender, age, height, weight, body mass index, and duration of hospital stay. Procalcitonin and ferritin levels correlated with disease severity. The receiver operating characteristic curve for D-dimer gave the highest value of area under the curve, among other biomarkers. The cutoff value for D-dimer was determined as more than 6780. Conclusions: Although COVID-19 is usually mild in children, some can be severely affected, and clinical severity in MIS-C can differ from mild to severe multisystem involvement. This study shows that procalcitonin, ferritin, and D-dimer levels may give us information about disease severity.

7.
Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies ; 11(4):44-55, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1955582

ABSTRACT

It has been two years since the outbreak of Covid 19, and we still live with the pandemic. No one knows when the pandemic will finish and how long it will take until all is back to normal and the global economy fully recovers from the pandemic. Undoubtedly, the Corona crisis has had devastating effects on the global economy. The global GDP decreased by 3.5%, the global FDIs were below $ 1 trillion for the first time in the last 20 years in 2020, falling 35% compared to 2019, and the global trade dropped 5.3% at the same time. The main objective of this paper is to discover the impact of a pandemic on the Turkish economy, or more precisely, on the Turkish GDP growth rate, FDI inflows, and export. To get the most reliable results, a multiple regression analysis has been conducted, using the contemporary economic software EViews 12. World Pandemic Uncertainty Index (WPUI) that was introduced by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in 2020 was used as a measure of the uncertainty caused by the pandemic. For the robustness of the analysis, World Uncertainty Index (WUI), which measures the overall uncertainty caused by the economic and political factors, was also included. The data about GDP growth rate and export were provided from the World Bank Database, while the data for the FDI inflows from UNCTAD. Different independent variables were used in the research for each dependent variable (GDP growth rate, FDI inflows, and export). The research has shown that Covid 19 pandemic has a significant negative impact on the Turkish GDP growth rate (if we consider a 5% level of significance) and on the Turkish export (if we consider a 10% marginal level of significance). However, the regression analysis has shown that the pandemic has a positive but insignificant impact on FDI inflows to Turkey. The study will be a great benefit for further analysis of the impact of Covid 19 on economies as it is one of the first empirical studies that analyzes the effect of Covid 19 on a specific economy. © 2022 Veljanoska et al.

8.
Turkish Journal of Middle Eastern Studies ; 9(1):217-256, 2022.
Article in Turkish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1955412

ABSTRACT

Son zamanlarda Íranlılar Türkiye’ye hatırı sayılır bir biçimde ilgi göstermişler ve bunların bir bölümü de bu ilgiyi konut alımıyla bir göç sürecine dönüştürmüşlerdir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, Türkiye’ye konut alımıyla göç eden Íranlı göçmenlerin itme-çekme ve ilişkiler ağı teorileri başta olmak üzere, göç teorileri ışığında göç etme nedenlerini analiz etmektir. Bu nedenle, göç süreçlerinde Íran’ın itici faktörleri ve Türkiye’nin çekici faktörlerine odaklanılmış ve ilişkiler ağının önemi anlaşılmaya çalışılmıştır. Çalışmanın konusuna uygun olarak 22 katılımcıyla yarı yapılandırılmış görüşmeler gerçekleştirilmiştir. Katılımcılara kartopu örnekleme yöntemiyle ulaşılmış, COVID-19 salgını nedeniyle görüşme formları kendilerine dijital yollarla iletilmiştir. Yapılan görüşmeler göstermiştir ki Íranlı göçmenler için Íran’ın yarı açık bir toplum özelliği sergilemesi, dengesiz ekonomik koşullar sunması ve eğitim sisteminde gözlemlenen aksaklıklar birer itici faktör olarak göçü tetikleyen etmenler olmuştur. Buna karşın Türkiye’nin açık toplum olarak nitelendirilmesi, daha dengeli ekonomi, taleplere daha çok cevap veren eğitim sistemi ve medyanın yumuşak güç işlevi gibi faktörler Íranlılar için çekici etmenler olmuştur.Alternate : The Iranians have shown considerable interest in Turkey recently and a part of them have turned this process into one of immigration through property purchase. The aim of this study is to analyze the immigration reasons of the Iranians who migrate to Turkey by means of property purchase in light of theories of immigration, chiefly the push-pull and the network theories. Therefore, the push factors of Iran and the pull factors of Turkey were focused on and the importance of networks were attempted to be understood in the immigration processes. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 22 interviewees as per the subject of the study. The interviewees were reached using snowball sampling and the interview forms were given out digitally due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The interviews revealed that the push factors for the Iranians are the fact that Iran has features of a semi-open society, offers uneven economic conditions and the setbacks observed in the education system. By contrast, the fact that Turkey is regarded as an open society with a more stable economy, an education system that is more responsive to demands and the soft power function of the media are the pull factors for the Iranians.

9.
Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine ; 22(3):143-148, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1954251

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) that causes a respiratory illness, continues to be a global pandemic. In this study, we purpose to identify the features of children with COVID-19 and the factors affecting disease severity. METHODS: This is a retrospective, observational study was conducted on patients who presented with suspicion of COVID-19 from April 1, 2020, to March 31, 2021, at a tertiary care medical center in Turkey. The characteristics of 640 children who were confirmed to have COVID-19 by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction were retrieved from medical records. RESULTS: The mean age of the cases was 10 ± 6 years, and 56% of them were male. Seasonal difference did not affect the number of cases. The majority of the cases (n = 501, 78%) were infected by family members. Fever (67%) and cough (38%) were common complaints. The mean duration of fever was 1.9 ± 1.1 days. One-fourth of the cases were asymptomatic, 462 (72%) had mild upper respiratory tract infections, and 18 (3%) had pneumonia. Patients with pneumonia were more likely to have comorbidities and had a longer fever duration (both P < 0.001). Fever, cough, and respiratory distress were more common in patients with pneumonia (P = 0.010, P = 0.023, and P < 0.001, respectively). The mean C-reactive protein (CRP) value of the patients with pneumonia was significantly higher than that of the others (P < 0.001). A total of 70 (11%) complicated patients were hospitalized, 5 of them requiring intensive care admission. All hospitalized patients were discharged with recovery. CONCLUSIONS: Although pediatric COVID-19 patients tended to have a mild disease, some children with comorbidities can still develop a severe illness. CRP value is a useful indicator in the diagnosis of COVID-19 pneumonia. Furthermore, the prevalence rate of COVID-19 did not decrease with hot seasons. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine is the property of Elsevier B.V. and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

10.
Eur J Dev Res ; : 1-41, 2021 Aug 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1947731

ABSTRACT

This study presents a methodology to predict the child poverty impact of COVID-19 that can be readily applied in other country contexts where similar household data are available-and illustrates this case using data from Turkey. Using Household Budget Survey 2018, the microsimulation model estimates the impact of labour income loss on household expenditures, considering that some types of jobs/sectors may be more vulnerable than others to the COVID-19 shock. Labour income loss is estimated to lead to reductions in monthly household expenditure using an income elasticity model, and expenditure-based child poverty is found to increase in Turkey by 4.9-9.3 percentage points (depending on shock severity) from a base level of 15.4%. Among the hypothetical cash transfer scenarios considered, the universal child grant for 0-17 years old children was found to have the highest child poverty reduction impact overall, while schemes targeting the bottom 20-30% of households are more cost-effective in terms of poverty reduction. The microsimulation model set out in this paper can be readily replicated in countries where similar Household Budget Surveys are available.


Cette étude présente une méthodologie pour prédire l'impact de la COVID-19 sur la pauvreté infantile et que l'on peut aisément appliquer dans d'autres pays où des données similaires sur les ménages sont disponibles. L'étude illustre ce point en utilisant des données venant de Turquie. À l'aide de l'Enquête sur le budget des ménages de 2018, le modèle de microsimulation estime l'impact de la perte de revenus professionnels sur les dépenses des ménages, en prenant en compte le fait que certains types d'emplois/secteurs peuvent être plus vulnérables que d'autres au choc provoqué par la COVID-19. On estime que la perte de revenus professionnels entraîne des réductions au niveau des dépenses mensuelles des ménages, selon un modèle d'élasticité du revenu, et que la pauvreté infantile ­ sur la base des dépenses - augmente en Turquie entre 4,9 à 9,3 points de pourcentage (en fonction de la gravité du choc) à partir d'un niveau de base de 15,4 %. Parmi les scénarios hypothétiques de transferts monétaires envisagés, l'allocation universelle pour les enfants de 0 à 17 ans s'est avérée être la mesure qui a l'impact global le plus important sur la réduction de la pauvreté des enfants, tandis que les programmes ciblant les 20 à 30 % des ménages les plus pauvres sont les plus coût-efficaces en terme de réduction de la pauvreté. Le modèle de microsimulation présenté dans cet article peut être facilement reproduit dans les pays où des enquêtes similaires sur le budget des ménages sont disponibles.

11.
EASTERN JOURNAL OF EUROPEAN STUDIES ; 13(1):330-350, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1939773

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out in the first six months of the Covid-19 to investigate the Turkish citizens ' thoughts about government-based public social assistance provided by Social Assistance and Solidarity Foundations (SASFs) in Turkey. This research is conducted by 401 people covering a total of 1.344 household members. According to the main results, nearly 75 per cent of those who applied for social assistance belong to low income (unemployed and insufficient income). In addition, 56 per cent of first-time beneficiaries and 71 per cent of pre-pandemic social assistance recipients are satisfied with social assistance during the pandemic process. Without any gender and education differences, public social assistance demand is found at the highest level between the ages of 29-40, and the lowest level is at the age of 65+. Interestingly, satisfaction from public social assistance was differentiated according to the marital status of the beneficiaries receiving social assistance before Covid-19. Further from these, SASFs have caught a self-assessment opportunity to correct their deficiency for future similar situations.

12.
Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology ; 32(2):140-148, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1939290

ABSTRACT

Background: The objective of the current study was to assess how the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has affected mental health services compared to the same period of the year before the pandemic. Methods: The data in the study were retrieved from the databases of the computer systems of the hospitals. All referrals in the child psychiatry outpatient clinic between March 1 and June 30, 2019, and between March 1 and June 30, 2020, constituted the sample. Results: Of the 3110 referrals, 2246 were cases and 864 were repeating examinations. Of the 2246 cases, 70.5% (n = 1583) were admitted in 2019, while 29.5% (n = 663) were admitted in 2020. Of the cases who referred in 2019, 37.3% (n = 590) were female, while this rate was 43.9% (n = 291) in 2020. The mean age of 2019 cases was found to be 9.51 ± 4.17, while the mean age of 2020 cases was found to be 10.39 ± 4.06. While attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, depressive disorder, panic disorder, school refusal, and sleep disorder rates increased significantly, specific learning disorders and mental retardation rates were found to be on the decrease in 2020. In 2019, 47.6% (n = 754) of the cases were followed with medication, and in 2020, this rate increased to 63.2% (n = 419). Conclusion: Pandemic conditions affected the content of public hospital psychiatry referrals significantly. It can be thought that the significant decrease in the number of referrals may be the result of citizens obeying the prohibitions and the fear of disease transmission in families with the onset of the pandemic that precedes the existing psychiatric problems of children.

13.
Medical Journal of Bakirkoy ; 18(2):225-229, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1939262

ABSTRACT

Objective: The clinical course of coronavirus infection in liver transplant patients is not known accurately. The aim of this study was to examine the epidemiological incidence and outcomes of liver transplant patients after coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) infection who have been registered in the data system of the Tissue, Organ Transplant and Dialysis Services Department. Methods: In this study, which was designed non-interventional, retrospective, and observational;the demographic information, clinical and radiological parameters, lifetime, hospital service and intensive care requirements and length of stay of the patients who were recorded in the information systems of the Ministry of Health, have were examined. A total of 3,426 liver transplant patients who were admitted to the hospital with suspected COVID-19 in Turkey between April 2020 and April 2021 were included in the study. Results: Between April 2020-April 2021, 3,426 cases of liver transplant who admitted to hospitals with symptoms of COVID-19 infection in Turkey were examined. The ratio of patients diagnosed with COVID-19 infection was 24.69% (846), with a mean age of 52.3%. The 13.48% (462 people) of 3,426 people who had liver transplants were hospitalized. The mean age of the hospitalized patients was 46.6, and the average length of hospital stay was 8.64 days. When the thorax computed tomography scans of 3,426 people with suspected COVID-19 and liver transplant were examined, pneumonia was detected in 344 (10%) people and they were treated as an inpatient. The mean age of the patients with pneumonia was 59 years. The number of liver transplant patients who died was 108 (3.1%), with a mean age of 65 years. The ratio of followup in the intensive care unit for organ transplant recipients was 0.32%, and 0.26% of them were intubated patients. Conclusion: Despite the use of immunosuppressive drugs in patients with liver transplant, the requirement for intensive care and the length of stay in the intensive care unit was found to be low, and the importance of strict follow-up and treatment in such patients was recognized once again.

14.
European Journal of Clinical Investigation ; 52:160-161, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1937924

ABSTRACT

Background: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive autoinflammatory disease characterized by recurrent fever and serositis attacks. We aimed to explore clinical aspects of FMF including knowledge, diagnosis, symptoms, and medication in a Lebanese cohort enrolled by ad-hoc questionnaire. Methods: During November 2021-March 2022 we conducted an online survey by a google form questionnaire (33 items) advertised across Lebanese communities, hospitals, internists, and specialists. Patients and children's parents voluntarily provided information about FMF knowledge, diagnosis, presence, and severity of symptoms before and after medication. Since COVID-19 and FMF may share some common symptoms due to activation of the inflammasome pathway, we further investigated this aspect in the FMF cohort with symptomatic COVID-19. Results: A total of 123 FMF patients participated in this survey (75 females, age range 1-67 years;10 subjects from Armenia, Persia, and Turkey). The most frequent MEFV variants were M694V, M694I, E148Q, V726A, R202Q, and A744S. Before the diagnosis 70% of the subjects had no knowledge about FMF. The diagnosis was late in 40% of subjects (at age ≥20 years). A misdiagnosis occurred in 21% of subjects and was associated with unnecessary procedures such as heavy antibiotic prescription, appendectomy, and abdominal surgery. Prior to the diagnosis and targeted FMF therapy, subjects described typical febrile periodical attacks of systemic serositis with a frequency of more than attack once per month (48%) with intensity ranging from moderate to severe (95%). Following therapy with colchicine, 65% of the subjects reported mild symptoms. In addition, 60% of subjects had COVID-19 infection which was symptomatic in 80% of the cases. Concerning COVID-19, 63% of symptomatic COVID-19 subjects reported that FMF symptoms were higher compared to COVID-19, 23% reported that COVID-19 symptoms were higher than FMF symptoms, and 14% reported no difference between the two diseases. Additionally, 12% reported consequences of FMF-COVID- 19 combined symptoms, mainly joint pain due to persisting arthralgias. Conclusion: In Lebanon, an endemic region for FMF with a mixture of the ethnic communities from the Mediterranean area, FMF diagnosis can be missed, delayed, or initially erroneously classified. Nevertheless, the diagnostic ability is improving over time. This is the first study in Lebanon to clarify aspects of FMF knowledge, diagnosis, and symptoms as well as evaluation of COVID-19 and FMF interplay. The complex interaction and consequences between COVID-19 infection and the genetic autoinflammatory FMF is being further investigated.

15.
Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences ; 52(3):641-648, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1935086

ABSTRACT

Background/aim: The aim of this study is to analyze and compare the predictive values of the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) and Creatinine Index (CI) in the short-term mortality of maintenance hemodialysis patients and to determine their best cut-offs. Material and Methods: A total of 169 adult hemodialysis patients were included in this retrospective, cross-sectional, and single-center study. The demographic, clinical, and laboratory data of the month in which the patients were included in the study were obtained from their medical files and computer records. All-cause death was the primary outcome of the study during a 12-month follow-up after baseline GNRI and CI calculations.

16.
Journal of Biotechnology and Strategic Health Research ; 5(3):207-213, 2021.
Article in Turkish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1935002

ABSTRACT

Aim: Healthcare workers are the most risky group in terms of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) transmission. The aim of this study was to reveal the relationships related to the departments in which contact healthcare workers work, personal protective equipment (PPE) use status, risk category, clinical picture and prognosis in follow-up. Materials and Methods: Healthcare workers who had contact with COVID-19 cases in our hospital between March 23, 2020 and June 1, 2020 were included in the study. The healthcare workers included in the study were divided into 3 groups according to their main departments and evaluated. In addition, healthcare workers included in the study were divided into groups and evaluated according to PPE use and risk categories, regardless of the departments they work in.

17.
Journal of Biotechnology and Strategic Health Research ; 5(3):200-206, 2021.
Article in Turkish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1935001

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate oral hygiene habits and periodontal disease status with teledentistry and to compare oral hygiene and periodontal disease status according to the COVID-19 history. Materials and Methods: Patients who had applied to our faculty before the pandemic and were reached via teledentistry were included. A questionnaire consisting of 4 sections and 25 questions was administered through telephone conversation. Demographic information, medical history, smoking habits, and COVID-19 history (with [COVID(+)] or without COVID-19 [COVID(-)]) were questioned in the first section, while dental hygiene (DH), environmental dental hygiene (EH), history of periodontal disease (PH) were evaluated in the next three sections. The answers were scored in a way that increased values symbolize negative attitude. Taking into account the minimum and maximum values that can be obtained from the sum of the scores;DH, EH and PH scales with low, medium and high value ranges were created. The groups were compared in terms of the mean value from the scales and the distribution in the scale ranges.

18.
Harran Universitesi Veteriner Fakultesi Dergisi ; 11(1):120-127, 2022.
Article in Turkish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934962

ABSTRACT

Bovine coronavirus (BCoV) infections are widespread in newborn calf diarrhea, which is one of the critical problems in cattle breeding. This study aims to investigate BCoV infection in calves with diarrhea in Sanliurfa province. In this study, 94 calves with diarrhea (3 months) following clinical examination were sampled. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the presence of BCoV antigen. A total of 5 stool samples were found to be BCoV positive (5.32%). This result showed that BCoV was low in calves with diarrhea in Sanliurfa province. However, considering the rapid spread of the infection in cattle populations, it is thought that it may cause significant economic losses due to treatment costs and calf deaths.

19.
&&Iacute ; LAH&&Iacute;YAT FAK&Uuml;LTES&&Iacute; ÖĞRENC&&Iacute;LER&&Iacute;N&&Iacute;N BAKIŞIYLA UZAKTAN EĞ&&Iacute;T&&Iacute;M S&Uuml;REC&&Iacute;.; 21(83):945-962, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1934781

ABSTRACT

It is clear that the current global health problems have made distance education a necessity rather than a choice. It is also known that this obligation contains many problems in terms of application infrastructure and hardware. In this context the aim of our study is to examine student opinions related to the distance education model, which is frequently used in Turkey and all over the world in the 2020-2021 academic year because of the COVID-19 epidemic. The data of the study were collected from the students who took distance education courses in the undergraduate education of Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Faculty of Theology during the spring semester. The data used in the research were collected by the researchers with the previously prepared "Views of Distance Education Students on Distance Education" scale. According to the results, it was concluded that the vast majority (about 79.7%) of the students of the faculty of theology did not evaluate the distance education system that Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University started to implement in a short time as efficient. The research was conducted with a mixed research model. In other words, interviews were conducted with the students about data collection and a questionnaire was applied to the students. Since all the data are collected at the same time, the design of the research is considered as the "combination design" in mixed method research designs. As a result of these experiences, it is aimed that the data obtained about the opinions of the participants will shed light and guide the distance education applications that will be carried out in the future processes. (English) [ FROM AUTHOR] &Íçinde bulunduğumuz küresel sağlık problemlerinin uzaktan eğitimi tercih olmaktan öte adeta bir zorunluluk haline getirdiği açıktır. Bu zorunluluğun gerek uygulama gerekse altyapı ve donanım açısından birçok sorunu bünyesinde barındırdığı da bilinmektedir Bu çerçevede çalıĢmamızın amacı, COVID-19 salgını sebebiyle 2020-2021 eğitim ve öğretim yılında Türkiye'de ve tüm dünyada sık kullanılan uzaktan eğitim modelinin öğrenci görüĢlerine göre incelenmesidir. ÇalıĢmanın verileri, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi &Ílahiyat Fakültesi lisans eğitiminde uzaktan eğitimle ders gören öğrencilerden bahar dönemi sürecinde toplanmıĢtır. AraĢtırmada kullanılan sorular alanında uzman kiĢiler tarafından hazırlanmıĢ ve uygulanmıĢtır. Alınan sonuçlara göre, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi'nin kısa sürede uygulamaya baĢlattığı uzaktan eğitim sistemini ilahiyat fakültesi öğrencilerinin büyük çoğunluğunun (yaklaĢık %79,7'sinin) verimli bulmadığı sonucuna varılmıĢtır. AraĢtırma, karma araĢtırma modeli ile yapılmıĢtır. Yani veri toplama konusunda öğrencilerle mülakatlar yapılmıĢ ve öğrencilere anket uygulanmıĢtır. Toplanan tüm veriler aynı anda toplandığından dolayı araĢtırmanın deseni, karma yöntem araĢtırma desenleri içerisinde bulunan "birleĢtirme deseni" olarak kabul edilir. Edinilen bu tecrübeler sonucunda katılımcıların görüĢleriyle ilgili alınan verilerin ileriki süreçlerde yürütülecek olan uzaktan eğitim uygulamalarına ıĢık tutması ve yön vermesi amaçlanmaktadır. (Turkish) [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Electronic Journal of Social Sciences is the property of Electronic Journal of Social Sciences and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

20.
Electronic Journal of Social Sciences ; 21(83):1408-1421, 2022.
Article in Turkish | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1934779

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 outbreak has had a huge impact on people's lives, families and communities after it was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization. The success or failure of governments in the fight against the global COVID-19 epidemic is discussed from different perspectives. Considering the results obtained through these discussions, it is seen that the determining dynamics of the success of crisis management are strong state capacity and implemented government policies. The purpose of this study is to examine Turkey's struggle and implementation of government policies in the first period of deadly Covid-19 pandemic occurred in December of 2019 in China and spread on a global level in a short time March 11th-June 1) in the terms of crisis management perspective. As a result, it has been observed that three important factors stand out in Turkey's successful management of the crisis. The first is the immunity of the country against crises due to the state and government facing many crises in the last 10 years. Second, it would be given special importance to the health sector and the health sector is one of Turkey's leading countries in the world have facilitated the struggle of Turkey's crisis. Thirdly, the change in the political system with the transition to the Presidential Government system facilitated the effective and rapid decision-making of the state in this process. (English) [ FROM AUTHOR] COVID-19 salgını, Dünya Sağlık Örgütü tarafından bir salgın olarak ilan edildikten sonra insanların yaşamları, aileleri ve toplumlar üzerinde büyük bir etkiye neden olmuştur. Küresel COVID-19 salgınıyla mücadelede devletlerin başarı ya da başarısızlık durumları farklı açılardan tartışılmaktadır. Bu tartışmalar üzerinden elde edilen sonuçlara bakıldığında ise kriz yönetiminin başarısında belirleyici dinamiğin, güçlü devlet kapasitesinin ve uygulanan hükümet politikalarının olduğu görülmektedir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, 2019 yılının Aralık ayında Çin'de ortaya çıkan ve kısa süre içerisinde küresel düzeyde yayılan ölümcül Covid-19 pandemisinin ilk dönemi (11 Mart-1 Haziran) ile ilgili Türkiye'nin mücadelesini ve uygulanan hükümet politikalarını, kriz yönetimi bakış açısıyla irdelemektir. Sonuç olarak Türkiye'nin krizi başarı ile yönetmesinde öne çıkan üç önemli faktörün göze çarptığı görülmüştür. Bunlardan birincisi, son 10 yıllık dönemde devlet ve hükümetin birçok krizle yüzleşmiş olmasından dolayı krizlere karşı ülkenin kazandığı bağışıklıktır. Íkinci olarak, sağlık sektörüne özel bir önem verilmiş olunması ve sağlık hizmetlerinin sunumunda dünyanın önde gelen ülkelerinden biri olması Türkiye'nin krizle mücadelesini kolaylaştırmıştır. Üçüncü olarak ise, Cumhurbaşkanlığı Hükümet sistemine geçilmesiyle siyasal sistemin değişmesi bu süreçte devletin etkin ve hızlı karar almasını kolaylaştırmıştır. (Turkish) [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Electronic Journal of Social Sciences is the property of Electronic Journal of Social Sciences and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

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