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1.
Mirovaya Ekonomika I Mezhdunarodnye Otnosheniya ; JOUR(7):106-116, 66.
Article in Russian | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2100645

ABSTRACT

The hasty withdrawal of US troops and their NATO allies from Afghanistan in August 2021 caused an acute, but local-scale migration crisis. During this crisis, about 200 thousand people were evacuated from the country by the air forces of the Western coalition. The difficult socio-political and economic situation inside Afghanistan after the Taliban seized power poses a threat of a much larger migration crisis. Analogies with the migration consequences of the civil war in Syria, which has been going on since 2011, make it possible to predict the appearance of 8-9.5 million Afghan refugees within a few years who will go to Iran, Pakistan and Central Asia in the event of an aggravation of the internal conflict and further deterioration of the socio-economic situation in Afghanistan. About 1 million of them may end up in Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan in case of a negative scenario. The appearance of large masses of refugees in Central Asian countries that do not have developed economies will lead to an acute humanitarian crisis. The existence of a visa-free regime between Russia and most of these states will eventually allow immigrants from Afghanistan to freely visit its territory. The penetration of members of radical Islamist organizations based in Afghanistan into the CIS countries is particularly dangerous. The most negative scenario is the spread of a zone of military instability on the territory of Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan bordering Afghanistan, where about 50 million people live. The destabilization of these states threatens the emergence of mass forced emigration of their indigenous Muslim population to Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Russia. The negative consequences of these processes will be an increase in the burden on the budget, the education, health and social security systems, the aggravation of terrorist threats, the criminogenic situation and interethnic conflicts. In the long term, mass migration from Central Asia will lead to the transformation of the ethno-confessional structure of Russia, which, in the conditions of depopulation of its population due to the COVID-19 epidemic, may become irreversible.

2.
Mirovaya Ekonomika I Mezhdunarodnye Otnosheniya ; JOUR(7):66-80, 66.
Article in Russian | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2100644

ABSTRACT

The article examines the connection between the environmental processes during the COVID-19 pandemic (2019-2022) and the "greening" of the political sphere. A specific feature of environmental policy is its close linkage with the economy, since economic activity is the direct cause of anthropogenic pollution of natural environments. The environmental changes that have arisen in response to economic realities of the pandemic period have led to transformation of socio-political attitudes towards strengthening the "green" direction in the policies of the world's leading states - the European Union member countries, the United States, Russia, China and other. The global "green agenda" was substantiated at the World Economic Forum in Davos in 2020 and 2021, as well as at the following 26th UN Climate Change Conference 2021 (COP26) in Glasgow, actually shaping a new world order based on the environmental goals and obligations. In West European countries, with prominent green parties' political positions, the environmental policy is formed largely from grassroots. In the United States, it depends entirely on the political situation (mostly on the sitting president's party affiliation). Whereas the European Union and the EU states (primarily Germany and France) have seized the initiative of directing the world environmental policy, striving to take the lead in this sphere (particularly, in climate protection), the new U.S. government is now seriously challenging the European leadership. Noteworthy is that the COVID-19 crisis has updated the green political and economic agenda globally, regardless of differences between the states, which verifies the importance and necessity of agreeing a conceptually new common approach to interaction with the environment in the short and long term.

3.
Inform Med Unlocked ; 34: 101102, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2086316

ABSTRACT

Electronic health records (EHRs) have proven their effectiveness during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. However, successful implementation of EHRs requires assessing nurses' attitudes as they are considered the first line in providing direct care for patients. This study assessed Jordanian nurses' attitudes and examined factors that affect nurses' attitudes toward using EHRs. A cross-sectional, correlational design was used. A convenient sample of 130 nurses was recruited from three major public hospitals in Jordan. All Participants completed the Nurses' attitudes Towards Computerization (NATC) Questionnaire. The overall nurses' attitude was positive; the mean was 61.85 (SD = 10.97). Findings revealed no significant relationship between nurses' attitudes toward using EHRs and nurses' age, gender, education level, previous computer skills experience, years of work experience, and years of dealing with EHRs. However, the work unit was found to have a significant correlation with nurses' attitudes toward using EHRs. Therefore, nurse administrators should arrange for the conduct of educational workshops and continuous training programs considering the needs of the nurses.

4.
Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science ; 63(7):1670-A0500, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2058478

ABSTRACT

Purpose : Diabetes predisposes an individual to severe COVID-19. Diabetic cornea is also known to have impaired wound healing, increasing the chances of infection. Earlier, we reported the ability of SARS-CoV-2 to infect conjunctival cells, and the presence of viral RNA and proteins was also detected in the corneas of COVID-19 donors. In this study, we evaluated the effect of diabetes on corneal innate immune response during SARS-CoV-2 infection and sought to determine the underlying mechanisms. Methods : Human primary corneolimbal epithelial cells (HCECs) were isolated from the corneas of three diabetic and three non-diabetic donors. In vitro studies were performed by infecting HCECs with SARS-CoV-2-USA-WA1/2020 strain at MOI 0.5. Viral replication was assessed by viral genome copy number. RNAseq analysis was performed to determine genes/pathways altered by diabetic vs non-diabetic HCECs. qPCR was used to assess the expression of innate inflammatory and antiviral genes. Western blot was performed to detect the protein expression of antiviral signaling molecules. Results : The primary HCECs were found permissive to SARS-CoV-2 infection, as evidenced by increased viral replication which peaked at day 3 p.i. along with an induction of pSTAT1. Interestingly, HCECs from diabetic cornea had higher viral RNA on all three days post-infection. SARS-CoV-2 infected HCECs exhibited induced expression of inflammatory genes and their levels were relatively higher in diabetic cells. RNA-seq analysis revealed significant differences in diabetic vs. non-diabetic SARS-CoV-2 infected cells with alteration in genes regulating viral response, inflammation, and injury. The most affected down-regulated genes are related to lipid metabolism, ferroptosis, and oxidative stress. Conclusions : Our study demonstrates increased SARS-CoV-2 replication and differential innate antiviral and inflammatory response in HCECs from diabetic corneas. These results indicate that diabetes is a potential risk for enhanced infectivity of SARS-CoV-2 for the ocular surface.

5.
J Afr Am Stud (New Brunsw) ; 26(3): 297-313, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2060062

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is an unprecedented global health emergency. As a novel condition, there is no known definitive treatment for the condition, except for the use of vaccines as a control measure. In the literature, the issue of inequalities in healthcare systems has been documented as a hindrance to COVID-19 vaccination; however, the specific inequalities in healthcare systems that hinder COVID-19 vaccination are poorly understood. Guided by the fundamental cause theory (FCT), this study aims to address this gap among Black people, a minority group vulnerable to inequalities in healthcare systems. Thirty-five Black people (age range = 21-58 years) residing in either the United States of America (USA) or the United Kingdom (UK) participated in this study. Qualitative data were collected and analyzed using thematic analysis. Most USA participants and a few UK participants narrated that no inequalities in healthcare systems hinder them from receiving COVID-19 vaccines. Contrarily, most UK participants and a few USA participants narrated inequalities in healthcare systems that hinder them from receiving COVID-19 vaccines. These are mistrust of the healthcare system, health policies regarding COVID-19 vaccination, historical factors (such as historical abuse of Black bodies by health professionals), residential location, and dissatisfaction with health services. In terms of what governments must do to correct these inequalities, participants recommended the need for acknowledgment and community engagement. This is the first international collaboration to examine this problem. Important implications for theory, healthcare systems, and COVID-19 vaccination program planning are highlighted. Finally, there are members of other minority groups and vulnerable communities who are not Black people. Such groups could face unique inequalities that hinder COVID-19 vaccination. Therefore, future studies should include such groups.

6.
Disease Surveillance ; 37(6):725-729, 2022.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2055481

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the global epidemic of Coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) in May 2022 and the risk of importation.

7.
Disease Surveillance ; 37(6):802-806, 2022.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2055475

ABSTRACT

Objective: To introduce the principle and method ofa-Sutte model, establish a a-Sutte model by using software R, compare the fitting and prediction effects of thea-Sutte model and multiple seasonal autoregressive integrated moving average model, SARIMA model and provides reference for the application of thea-Sutte model in epidemic prediction.

8.
Event Management ; 26(7):1653-1662, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2055457

ABSTRACT

The aim of this article is to examine how tourism conference organizers react to the restricted mobility incurred by the spread of the COVID-19 virus. Do they cancel, change format, or change date for the event? This study contributes to an initial analysis of how organizers of international academic conferences in the tourism and hospitality industry deal with whole groups of participants who are no longer mobile and therefore cannot actively network personally. This uniquely compiled data covers a large representative number of conferences in this field. A Multinomial Logit model is used to estimate the options available. Data are based on unique information on almost 100 conferences, meetings, and congresses in the tourism and hospitality sector, including related fields such as leisure and recreation, planned to be held during the period of March to November 2020. Descriptive evidence shows that approximately one out of five conferences changes to a virtual format, somewhat more than half moves the date (mainly to the year 2021), and the remaining 25% cancel the event without alternative offers. Estimation results reveal that the decision to change to an online format increases nonlinearly over time in the form of an inverse U-shaped curve. This indicates a certain resistance to virtual conferences, although with more time for planning, a gradual adaptation to the actual situation appears to be possible. Longer conferences are less likely to change format. The probability of cancellations is lower for association conferences, which are held regularly.

9.
Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management ; 52:275-284, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2049492

ABSTRACT

This study set out to investigate the effects of country image (CI), subjective knowledge (SK) of COVID-19, and destination trust (DT) and their relationship to travel attitude and visit intention during the COVID-19 pandemic. This research used Canada and the USA as cases to investigate people's domestic and international travel intentions. It tested the travel attitude and visit intention of domestic residents and international travellers, specifically Canadians travelling domestically versus Americans travelling domestically, and Canadians travelling to the USA versus Americans travelling to Canada. Two timeframes (i.e., one year vs. two years) were examined to further reveal the underlying relationships between those important constructs. First, this study supports findings that CI positively influences travel attitude and that DT is more prominent compared to CI under the adverse conditions of an ongoing pandemic. The indirect impact of CI through DT on travel attitude is significantly greater than the direct impact of CI. Second, it confirms that SK of COVID-19 negatively influences both domestic and international travel attitude. However, the impact of SK on DT varies with the risk of the domestic environment. Third, there were no direct impacts of CI, SK, and DT on domestic visit intention.

10.
Electronic Outlook Report from the Economic Research Service 2021. (FDS-21c):18 pp. ; 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2046504

ABSTRACT

U.S. Ethanol Market Faced Shock in 2020: The US. ethanol market faced pandemic-related shocks in 2020, as COVID-19 reduced driving miles and demand for transportation fuel. These shocks ultimately impacted U.S. feed-grains markets, particularly corn. Since the creation of the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) in 2005, and the subsequent passage of RFSZ in 2007, the use of corn for ethanol fuel has created a link between US. feed grain markets and transportation fuel use. As a result of this linkage, the sudden change in social and economic behaviors caused by COVID-19 led to changes in US. com markets. The following is a broad summary of the pre-pandemic state of the ethanol market, the 2020 ethanol market, and the identification of certain market factors that are expected to be important for the outlook of the US. ethanol market. Ethanol Market Trends and Conditions Prior to COVID-19: For the 4 years spanning 2016-2019, the US. motor gasoline product supplied was quite stable. According to US. Energy Information Administration data (EIA), monthly gasoline product supplied averaged about 11.9 billion gallons between 2016-2019. Deviations generally followed seasonal patterns. Gasoline supply levels began 2020 up slightly from their 2016-2019 averages: 11.4 billion gallons in January, compared to an average January-supply level of 11.3 billion gallons and 10.9 billion gallons in February, compared to an average of 10.7 billion gallons.

11.
Technical Bulletin - Economic Research Service, US Department of Agriculture 2022. (TB-1957):26 pp. ; 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2046070

ABSTRACT

The USDA, Economic Research Service's Food Price Outlook (FPO) provides monthly forecasts of annual food price percent changes up to 18 months in advance. The forecasts add value to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics' Consumer and Producer Price Indexes (CPI, PPI) by giving farmers, wholesalers, retailers, institutional buyers, consumers, and policymakers a uniform set of predictions about food prices. The more accurate the predictions, the more value FPO contributes. Events such as recent natural disasters, the Great Recession, the Food Crisis of 2011, and the COVID-19 pandemic have highlighted the importance of food price forecasting and the need for improvements to the forecasting methodology to enhance accuracy and treat uncertainty more rigorously. This technical bulletin describes a time-series-based approach for forecasting food prices which provides enhanced precision, removes potential biases from the specification process, and allows for a clearer characterization of uncertainty about future food prices. Four case studies are included to illustrate how these forecasts can be used.

12.
UNLV Gaming Research & Review Journal ; 26(1):59-72, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2045923

ABSTRACT

Home field advantage has been a commonly discussed and researched topic in sports. How much of this advantage is due to the home team's supporters' physical attendance at the game where they might encourage their team, intimidate the opponent, and influence game officials? We utilize the unique natural experiment of the COVID-19 pandemic and consider the case of American professional (NFL) and collegiate (NCAA) football to examine this question. We measure how typical spreads, relative to home teams, changed in the 2020 season compared to their historical levels, and we determine that roughly half of what football fans and analysts consider to be home field advantage emanates from spectators. Generally, the betting market was rather accurate in its predictions of how football game results would change in 2020, during the pandemic, so that wagering strategies failed when based on the betting market possibly underappreciating or overcorrecting for home field advantage without fans.

13.
Louisiana Agriculture ; 65:2, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2045537

ABSTRACT

This article reports on the inclusion of wild-caught shrimp in the USDA Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) program to help Louisiana's shrimp industry during the COVID-19 pandemic. As a result of a quick Sea Grant mobilization, $50 million in cash from USDA was infused into the shrimping industry, and 7.6 million pounds of Louisiana shrimp were taken out of inventory and distributed nationwide.

14.
Working Paper - University of Hawaii Economic Research Organization, University of Hawaii at Manoa 2022. (2022-4):29 pp. 37 ref. ; 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2045056

ABSTRACT

The economy of Hawaii was extremely vulnerable to the COVID-19 pandemic due to its heavy reliance on tourism. This article is a thorough survey of issues affecting a tourism-dependent open economy during the COVID-19 pandemic. We provide a comprehensive analysis of the pandemicaTMs economic impact in Hawaii by comparing the actual outcomes during the affected period with the pre-pandemic forecast. We explain why HawaiiaTMs experience differed from other states, suggest reasons for a slow recovery, and discuss the pandemicaTMs lasting effects in the Islands. We also describe changes in the economic forecasting process necessitated by the increase in uncertainty.

15.
Louisiana Agriculture ; 65:2, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2044964

ABSTRACT

This article presents an overview of the growth of the Louisiana nursery industry and the labour challenges the industry is facing. Labour issues in the nursery industry are not easily solved, considering the nature and seasonality of employment and competition from other industries. Despite the benefits associated with the H-2A guest worker program, particularly securing seasonal workers in times of need, which allows nurseries to cope with labour shortages, few Louisiana nurseries rely on the H-2A program. Moreover, prolonged impact of the COVID-19 pandemic also raises concerns on ways the industry needs may change and how it will affect securing labour.

16.
Journal of Adolescent Health ; 70(4 Suppl):S1-S106, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2044623

ABSTRACT

This journal issue includes 201 s of papers presented at the conference. Topics discussed include: association between cannabis use and COVID-19 and distress among adolescent patients;COVID-19 exposure and care-seeking behaviors among vulnerable urban adolescents and young adults;assessment of a poverty simulation in medical education;prevalence of chronic pelvic pain by sexual orientation in a large cohort of young women in the USA;confidentiality and patient satisfaction in adolescent telehealth visits;predictors of adolescent telemedicine visit no-shows during the COVID-19 pandemic;simulation of contraceptive access for adolescents using a pharmacist-staffed e-platform;foster caregivers and their role in contraception decision-making for adolescents in care.

17.
Foods ; 11(18)2022 Sep 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2043647

ABSTRACT

In this research, we debate the critical challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic such as food scarcity, by examining the influence of consumption values on consumers' willingness to consume genetically modified (GM) food in the presence of consumer food attitudes, animosity, and ethnocentrism, which could be the one possible option to deal with the food scarcity problem. The proposed relationship could help to understand the complex societal problem of food scarcity and import dependency in the food sector before and after the crisis. Therefore, based on the theory of consumption values, we investigated government actions, consumer attitudes, and their willingness to consume GM food through 1340 valid USA responses and 1065 Chinese responses. We observed that COVID-19 doubled the number of malnourished people in 2020 relative to 2019, while consumption values, to some extent, changed consumer food attitudes and were inclined toward other food alternatives such as GM food regardless of governmental support for GM food in both USA and China. Moreover, this research enables governments, policymakers, market practitioners, and other stakeholders to use the COVID-19 crisis as an opportunity to negotiate with other countries to share their food technology along with imports.

18.
Sovremennaya Evropa ; 2022(3):92-103, 2022.
Article in Russian | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2040656

ABSTRACT

The article addresses the commodity imports coming to Germany from the main centers of international trade (EU, USA, China). The dynamics of imports and structural shifts in trade flows in 2013‒2019 are compared with 2020‒2021. The comparison is carried out in three dimensions – country, industry and cross (country/industry) sectional views. In the country breakdown of imports, two levels are distinguished – aggregated one (the EU is considered as a whole) and disaggre-gated one (the EU is broken down by 27 countries before Brexit and by 26 countries after Brexit). The main sources of imports (the EU as a whole at an aggregate level and China, the Netherlands, the USA, Poland, France, Italy at a disaggregated level) and importers (automotive industry, electronics industry, production of other goods, chemical industry, mechanical engineering, electrical industry) are identi-fied. The author explored the role of the import core (complex of the main supplying countries in conjunction with the main importing industries) in the changes in German imports that occurred in 2021 and in previous periods (2013‒2019 and 2020). A certain shift is highlighted from concentration to fragmentation of changes relative to this core and then to the resumption of concentration, accompanied, by a steady growth, then by a decline and again a less confident growth. Shifts in the structure of German electronics imports are considered in connection with supply problems. On the basis of the analysis, assumptions are made about the further development of Germany's commodities imports. © 2022, Institute of Europe Russian Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

19.
NCHS Data Briefs ; 402(8), 2021.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2040482

ABSTRACT

This article describes emergency department (ED) visit rates for patients with influenza and pneumonia (either influenza or pneumonia, or both) by selected patient characteristics. Results showed that the emergency department (ED) visit rate per 1,000 persons was 7.9 for patients with pneumonia, 4.4 for patients with influenza, and 12.2 for patients with either or both. The ED visit rate for patients with influenza and pneumonia was higher among younger children than older children and increased with age among adults, and ED visit rate for patients with influenza and pneumonia was highest among non-Hispanic black persons compared with persons from other race and ethnicity groups. The ED visit rate for patients with influenza and pneumonia was also higher for persons with Medicare (19.9 per 1,000 persons with Medicare) or Medicaid (26.2 per 1,000 persons with Medicaid) compared with persons with private insurance or uninsured persons. With the recent spread of COVID-19, which has signs and symptoms that can mirror or appear similar to those resulting from influenza and pneumonia, monitoring ED visits for influenza and pneumonia will continue to be important.

20.
Rethinking Ecology ; 6(1-47):1-47, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040017

ABSTRACT

Stony coral tissue loss disease (SCTLD) was first observed in September 2014 near Virginia Key, Florida. In roughly six years, the disease spread throughout Florida and into the greater Caribbean basin. The high prevalence of SCTLD and high resulting mortality in coral populations, and the large number of susceptible species affected, suggest that this outbreak is one of the most lethal ever recorded. The initial recognition and management response to this catastrophic disease in Florida was slow, which delayed the start of monitoring programs and prevented coordinated research programs by at least two years. The slow management response was a result of several factors that operated concurrently. First, the Port Miami dredging project was ongoing during the coral disease epidemic and dredging rather than SCTLD was blamed by some managers and local environmental groups for the extreme coral losses reported in the project's compliance monitoring program. Second, this blame was amplified in the media because dredging projects are intuitively assumed to be bad for coral reefs. Third, during this same time State of Florida policy prohibited government employees to acknowledge global warming in their work. This was problematic because ocean warming is a proximal cause of many coral diseases. As a result, the well-known links between warming and coral disease were ignored. A consequence of this policy was that the dredging project provided an easy target to blame for the coral mortality noted in the monitoring program, despite convincing data that suggested otherwise. Specifically, results from the intensive compliance monitoring program, conducted by trained scientific divers, were clear. SCTLD that was killing massive numbers of corals throughout Florida was also killing corals at the dredge site - and in the same proportions and among the same suite of species. While eradication of the disease was never a possibility, early control measures may have slowed its spread or allowed for the rescue of significant numbers of large colonies of iconic species. This coral disease outbreak has similarities to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States and there are lessons learned from both that will improve disease response outcomes in the future, to the benefit of coral reefs and human populations.

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