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1.
Campbell Systematic Reviews ; 18(2), 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1888660

ABSTRACT

This is the protocol for a Campbell systematic review. The objectives are as follows: identify, appraise and bring together the evidence on the use of intergenerational practice.

2.
Vayu Aerospace and Defence Review ; - (3):82-86, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1888252

ABSTRACT

[...]all the participants had already arrived the week before. The second week had additional exercise air space available over the northern landscape of The Netherlands where other elements were added to the mission scenarios, like slow mover protection and attacking ground targets. For each mission a leader is appointed and while it is a rotative role, a reasonable number of experienced pilots can get the opportunity to fulfil this responsible task.

3.
Advances in Decision Sciences ; 26(1):1-34, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1888244

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The COVID-19 virus has caused numerous problems worldwide. Given the negative effects of COVID-19, this study aims to estimate accurate forecasts of the number of confirmed cases to help policymakers determine and make the right decisions. Design/methodology/approach: This paper uses a hybrid approach for forecasting the daily COVID-19 cases based on combining the Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) and Autoregressive Neural Network (NNAR) with a single hidden layer. To fit the linear pattern from the data, ARIMA models are used. Then, the NNAR models are used to capture the nonlinear pattern. The final prediction is obtained by adding up the two predictions. Findings: Using six-time series from January 22, 2020, to June 22, 2021, of new daily confirmed cases of COVID-19 from Pakistan, Tunisia, Indonesia, Malaysia, India and South Korea, this work evaluates the hybrid approach against some benchmark models and generated ten days ahead forecasts. Experiments demonstrate the superiority of the hybrid model over the benchmark models. Originality/value: Given the complex nature of new confirmed cases, it is assumed that the data contains both linear and nonlinear components. In literature, different studies have tended to forecast future cases of COVID-19. However, most of them have used single models that capture either linear or nonlinear patterns. This paper proposes a hybrid model that captures both linear and nonlinear components from the data.

4.
PLoS ONE Vol 16(9), 2021, ArtID e2101724118 ; 16(9), 2021.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1888228

ABSTRACT

How did people change their behavior over the different phases of the UK COVID-19 restrictions, and how did these changes affect their risk of being exposed to infection? Time-use diary surveys are unique in providing a complete chronicle of daily behavior: 24-h continuous records of the populations' activities, their social context, and their location. We present results from four such surveys, collected in real time from representative UK samples, both before and at three points over the course of the current pandemic. Comparing across the four waves, we find evidence of substantial changes in the UK population's behavior relating to activities, locations, and social context. We assign different levels of risk to combinations of activities, locations, and copresence to compare risk-related behavior across successive "lockdowns." We find evidence that during the second lockdown (November 2020), there was an increase in high-risk behaviors relative to the first (starting March 2020). This increase is shown to be associated with more paid work time in the workplace. At a time when capacity is still limited both in respect of immunization and track-trace technology, governments must continue to rely on changes in people's daily behaviors to contain the spread of COVID-19 and similar viruses. Time-use diary information of this type, collected in real time across the course of the COVID-19 pandemic, can provide policy makers with information to assess and quantify changes in daily behaviors and the impact they are likely to have on overall behavioral-associated risks. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

5.
Revista Espanola de Salud Publica ; 94(e202006073), 2020.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-1888007

ABSTRACT

Background: In Europe there is a great variability in mortality by Covid-19 among different countries. While some countries, such as Greece, Belarus or Ukraine, have a mortality rate of less than 5 cases/100,000 inhabitants, other countries such as Belgium, Spain or the United Kingdom have a mortality rate of well over 50 cases/100,000 inhabitants. It is generally considered that the reason for this variability is multifactorial (including political reasons), but there are few studies that associate factors related to this variability. The objective of this work was to analyse political risk factors/markers that could explain the variability in mortality due to Covid-19 among different European countries.

6.
Teaching Geography ; 47(2):50-52, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1887721

ABSTRACT

[...]given the importance of the spatial dimension of COVID19, geospatial technologies had a crucial role to play. [...]the scale of disruptive consequences sent shock waves around the world, comparable in scale to major geopolitical events such as the First and Second World Wars. [...]the pandemic demands responses that are informed by the role of physical and biological processes, including climate change, previous viruses and the impacts of political decision making.

7.
Judicature ; 106(1):80-89, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1887564

ABSTRACT

[...]beginning this past fall, the justices returned to the courtroom, assuming a "hybrid" model that retains both pre-pandemic and telephonic elements: [...]in what proved to be one of his last exchanges with some of his colleagues, the late WALTER DELLINGER, a former acting solicitor general of the United States and a much beloved Duke Law professor who had himself argued 24 cases before the Supreme Court, moderated. [...]the Court builds in quite a bit of time to read and distill those documents - along, of course, with the amicus briefs - before oral argument. [...]I think there are the difficult cases where the Court actually may come out one way or the other based on how oral argument goes, either because the question is just exceptionally close and vexing, or because it's an area of law where the justices may not have as much familiarity - for example, when they deal with a new statute or an arcane area of law. In those cases, the justices are learning more at argument about either the law or the real world as it applies to that legal issue. When representing institutional clients like the federal government, it often matters a lot more what the Court says by way of reasoning than whether a particular conviction is upheld, a particular individual recovers damages, or even whether or not a particular law is upheld.

8.
MAP Newsletter ; 02:1-35, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1887500

ABSTRACT

The year 2020 marked one of the biggest recessions in global economic activity and world trade. During this period, the EU economy contracted by 6% and its international trade followed a similar downward trend - EU exports of goods decreased by 9% and imports by 12%, compared to 2019. By contrast, EU international trade in agri-food reported a slight growth. Over the course of 2020, the value of EU agri-food exports increased to 184.3 billion (a growth of 1.4% compared to 2019), while the value of imports rose to 122.2 billion (a growth of 0.5%). As a result, the EU further reinforced its leading position among the world's biggest exporters. On the import side, the EU has become the third largest importer after the US and China. The contraction in global trade was accompanied by increasing prices of food, including commodities as evidenced by the increases reflected in the FAO Global Price Index. The EU exports a wide range of products from all parts of the value chain which demonstrates the competitiveness of the EU agri-food sector in a variety of product classes ranging from commodities to highly processed food industry products. EU imports, on the other hand, are clearly dominated by basic agricultural food and feed products, which represent about 75% of all imports. Looking at product categories, exports of pig meat and wheat strongly contributed to the increase in EU overall agri-food exports. Conversely, spirits and liqueurs as well as wine are among the sectors that experienced a difficult period for a number of reasons (e.g. the COVID pandemic, US retaliatory tariffs). The growth in EU agri-food imports was mainly driven by increases in import values for oilseeds, other than soya beans;fatty acids and waxes, palm oil, fruit including tropical fruit, and soya beans. China, Switzerland and the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region were the major growth destinations for EU agri-food exports in 2020. The value of EU exports fell most to the United States, Turkey, Singapore and Japan. In terms of imports, Canada grew significantly as a source for the EU imports. By contrast, EU imports declined most in value from the United Kingdom, Ukraine and the United States. In 2020, the UK has become the EU's most important partner in agri-food trade, with a share of 23% in total EU agri-food exports and 13% in total imports. With EU exports and imports both decreasing, its trade surplus with the US increased by 2% when compared to 2019, as falls on the imports side were stronger. China became the top destination for US agri-food exports. EU agri-food exports to China were primarily driven by continued record high sales of pig meat which increased by 74%. Pig meat and meat offal - the latter mainly comprised of products originating from pigs - accounted for over 40% of EU exports to China in 2020, demonstrating the importance of this market for the pig meat sector. Brazil's exports to China continued to increase in 2020, absorbing 35% of its total agri-food exports. Combined agri-food exports from Brazil to the EU and the US now account for half of Brazilian exports to China. In 2020, Brazil supplied 50% of extra-EU demand for soya beans and 40% for oilcakes. Wheat continued to be the leading EU export product to Africa with a 23% share of the EU's total export basket, whereas cocoa beans dominate in the EU imports from Africa, with the same share of 23%. Most African countries benefit from duty-free, quota-free access to the EU market under the "Everything But Arms" scheme and for many of them Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) or other trade agreements with the EU are applied, encouraging regional cooperation and trade. In 2020, the EU applied 45 free trade agreements (FTAs) with 77 partners. The share of agri-food trade under preferential agreements is also expanding and in 2021, it accounted for 31% and 41% of total EU agri-food exports and imports, respectively. The value of EU agri-food trade under preferential agreements expanded more in relative terms compared to total EU agri-food trade. EU agri-food ex

9.
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy ; 95(6):AB65, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1885778

ABSTRACT

DDW 2022 Author Disclosures: Louise Krott: NO financial relationship with a commercial interest ;Lynn Debels: NO financial relationship with a commercial interest ;Christophe Schoonjans: NO financial relationship with a commercial interest ;John Anderson: NO financial relationship with a commercial interest ;Roland Valori: NO financial relationship with a commercial interest ;Lobke Desomer: NO financial relationship with a commercial interest ;David Tate: NO financial relationship with a commercial interest Introduction: Colonoscopy is a complex practical skill, which is highly operator dependent. The consistent attainment of key performance indicators (KPIs) by a colonoscopist depends primarily upon training. Local factors, outside of a trainee’s control, may mean their training is unstructured and contingent upon the observed practice of a small number of trainers. This is particularly true given current travel restrictions imposed by the worldwide COVID-19 pandemic. We sought to demonstrate the feasibility and impact of a one-day virtual-live colonoscopy-training course with remote, experienced trainers. Aims and methods: 6 endoscopy trainees [Belgium] underwent a one-day course (the intervention) involving training by consciously competent colonoscopists who were physically remote [United Kingdom]. The intervention comprised 5 interactive sessions on colonoscopy theory combined with 6 live sessions, where trainees performed colonoscopy in their local endoscopy unit, receiving real-time instruction and performance enhancing feedback via a tele-conference monitor situated next to the endoscopic image. Trainers and the five trainees not doing the colonoscopy could follow the procedure in real-time including room view, view of the magnetic colonoscope imager and the endoscopic image. Colonoscopy KPIs were assessed on trainee-performed colonoscopies [unsedated or midazolam/fentanyl sedation] for 3 weeks prior and 4 weeks after the training. Qualitative trainee and trainer feedback regarding the course was obtained. Results: 6 experienced colonoscopy trainees (median 26 months prior-training) underwent the intervention. Trainees performed 60 colonoscopies, (33 pre-, and 27 post-training). Favorable trends in cecal intubation rate (CIR) and adenoma detection rate (ADR) were observed, (91% vs 96% (P=0.386), and 39% vs 63% (P=0.069) respectively). A trend to improved endoscopist-reported comfort scores ([Gloucester Comfort Score (GCS)>3] 18% vs 11% (P=0.375)) and nurse-reported comfort scores (GCS>3 22% vs 8% (P=0.189)) was observed (Table 1). Course participants and trainers alike reported globally favourable qualitative experiences with the expert trainers finding the format feasible and specifically mentioning they could focus on the training without distraction due to reduced cognitive load. Conclusions: Standardization of colonoscopy training is critical to the consistent attainment of KPIs by practicing colonoscopists and improving patient experience. This is the first demonstration of delivering live colonoscopy training remotely: an approach acceptable to trainees and trainers that has a positive impact on KPIs. Pending larger studies focused on efficacy, this approach has the potential to create a standardized curriculum for colonoscopy training, removing the barriers of travel, and allowing expanded exposure to consciously-competent expert trainers. [Formula presented]

10.
International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Phytopharmacological Research ; 11(6):1-7, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1885015

ABSTRACT

The corona virus (COVID-19) pandemic, a zoonotic disease transmitted from bat to human originated in Wuhan, China, has rapidly spread to several countries, with various cases having been reported globally. The second wave of the corona virus is spreading like a tsunami and is growing at an alarming rate compared to the first wave. It has been seen that the mutant virus is more transmissible and its incubation period is shorter. This article mainly deals with the number of people affected in the 1st and 2nd waves of COVID-19 in India and other countries. The study included all the cases reported from March 3, 2020 - August 31, 2021. The condition of the USA is even more critical than India, Brazil, Russia, United Kingdom, France, Turkey, Argentina, Italy, and other countries. The US has reported the highest number of cases (38,802,453) while Colombia has reported the lowest number of cases (4,905,258).

11.
Journal of Clinical Outcomes Management ; 28(6):280-284, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1884740

ABSTRACT

Objective: To ascertain the extent of nasogastric tube (NGT) dislodgment in COVID-19 intensive care unit (ICU) patients after the introduction of NGT bridle kits as a standard of practice, to see whether this would reduce the number of NGT insertions, patient irradiation, missed feeds, and overall cost. Background: Nasogastric feeding is the mainstay of enteral feeding for ICU patients. The usual standard of practice is to secure the tube using adhesive tape. Studies show this method has a 40% to 48% dislodgment rate. The COVID-19 ICU patient population may be at even greater risk due to the need for proning, long duration of invasive ventilation, and emergence delirium. Design: This was a 2-cycle quality improvement project. The first cycle was done retrospectively, looking at the contemporaneous standard of practice where bridle kits were not used. This gave an objective measure of the extent of NGT displacement, associated costs, and missed feeds. The second cycle was carried out prospectively, with the use of NGT bridle kits as the new standard of practice. Setting: A large United Kingdom teaching hospital with a 100-bed, single-floor ICU. Participants: Patients admitted to the ICU with COVID-19 who subsequently required sedation and invasive ventilation. Measurements: Measurements included days of feeding required, hours of feeding missed due to NGT dislodgment, total number of nasogastric tubes required per ICU stay, and number of chest radiographs for NGT position confirmation. NGT-related pressure sores were also recorded. Results: When compared to the bridled group, the unbridled group required a higher number of NGTs (2.5 vs 1.3;P< .001) and chest radiographs (3.4 vs 1.6;P< .001), had more hours of feeding missed (11.8 vs 5.0), and accumulated a slightly higher total cost (cost of NGT, chest radiographs +/- bridle kit: £211.67 vs £210, [US $284.25 vs US $282.01]). Conclusions: The use of NGT bridle kits reduces the number of NGT insertions patients require and subsequently reduces the number of chest radiographs for each patient. These patients also miss fewer feeds, with no appreciable increase in cost.

12.
Topics in Antiviral Medicine ; 30(1 SUPPL):301-302, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1880119

ABSTRACT

Background: In 2020, France reported 2.7 million cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), making it the second most affected European country by the COVID-19 pandemic after the United Kingdom. However, dynamics of SARS-CoV-2 transmissions within France or between France and other countries remains partially characterized. We propose an analysis of these dynamics on multiple scales, from the continents to the French administrative regions. Methods: We produced 736 SARS-CoV-2 sequences from Ile-de-France (Paris area, France) and analyzed them concomitantly with GISAID deposited sequences to elucidate the origins and spread of the virus from January 2020 to December 2020. A total of 4,571 worldwide sequences, including 1,652 French sequences, constituted the final dataset. All sequences were selected to be representative of each country temporal distribution of SARS-CoV-2 to the week resolution. We used a maximum likelihood phylogenetic framework to estimate the most probable temporal and geographic spread of SARS-CoV-2 within France and worldwide. Depending on the geographical focus (France, Europe or worldwide), we pruned the tree accordingly in 1,000 independent replicates. Results: Phylogenetic analysis revealed that, during the 1st French epidemic wave (from March to May), the majority of viruses introduced to France came from North America (USA) and Europe (Spain, Italy, ?). France regularly transmitted to neighboring European countries: Belgium, Germany, Italy and United Kingdom. Contrary to the 1st wave, inter-country transmission events were limited to neighboring countries and intercontinental transmission were almost absent during the French 2nd wave (from September to November). At the French regions-scale, we observed that Ile-de-France (IDF) was the main source of infections for all other French regions during the 1st epidemic wave, with a minor participation of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (PACA). For the 2nd epidemic wave, PACA was the main source of infections for all other French regions, with a lower participation of IDF and other regions. Conclusion: Overall, our findings allow a more comprehensive representation of SARS-CoV-2 transmission chains related to and within France and the global temporal distribution of those events, in link with control measures applied during the whole 2020 period. IDF and PACA were the main hubs of transmissions in France for the 1st and the 2nd epidemic waves, respectively.

13.
Journal of Health Visiting ; 10(5):195-198, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1879660

ABSTRACT

The Care Quality Commission surveyed women who had gone through pregnancy and birth during the national lockdown in 2021. Dave Hancock looks at some positive results and key areas for improvement in maternity care

14.
Journal of Open Psychology Data Vol 10(1), 2022, ArtID 4 ; 10(1), 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1879596

ABSTRACT

The Oxford Achieving Resilience during COVID-19 (ARC) study collected data from adolescents (aged 13-18), and parents of adolescents, from March 2020 to August 2021. Following a baseline survey (1274 completed baseline), participants were invited to 11 follow-up weekly surveys then 9 monthly follow-up surveys, and to an optional cognitive task. Each survey included questionnaires on mental health, resilience and wellbeing, COVID-19 related experiences and pandemic anxiety. Data is stored on the Open Science Framework (https://osf.io/4b85w/), with comprehensive documentation on all measures. These data may be valuable to adolescent mental health researchers for further analyses and aggregation with other datasets. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

15.
Mathematical Problems in Engineering ; 2022, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1879154

ABSTRACT

The spherical fuzzy sets were recently developed among various fuzzy sets to handle the hesitancy representation issue in multiple criteria decision-making (MCDM) problems, where experts provide information about attributes in the form of spherical fuzzy numbers using linguistic variables. The main purpose of this study is to develop a novel approach integrating Delphi Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution based on spherical fuzzy sets (SF-Delphi and SF-TOPSIS). First, the SF-Delphi technique is suggested to derive a valid set of critical criteria based on qualitative information and linguistic preferences. Second, the SF-TOPSIS approach is utilized to rank alternatives based on different spherical fuzzy aggregating operators. Hence, to validate the effectiveness of the proposed methodology, an empirical case study of package tour provider selection is given. Seventeen critical criteria related to four main dimensions (price, service quality, information and technology, and location) were shortlisted and validated from literature and expert opinions. Ten potential package tour providers from Vietnam were ranked in this study. A comparative analysis was conducted to check the proposed methodology’s robustness and validity. The results indicated that the novel SF-Delphi technique may become very helpful for dealing with critical factors, and SF-TOPSIS could be applied to decision problems in uncertain data environments. Furthermore, this research’s findings imply that tour operators should emphasize the most critical attributes to increase the appeal and competitiveness of their package tour products.

16.
Strategic HR Review ; 21(3):74-77, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1878953

ABSTRACT

Purpose>The purpose of the paper is to highlight the area on how can we bridge the skills gap in post-coronavirus Britain through role-relevant qualifications.Design/methodology/approach>The paper draws on the author’s personal observations and opinions learned through experience in the field.Findings>The paper explores a number of potential solutions to the skills gap, including post-pandemic digital transformation creating a bigger rift between supply and demand;addressing the digital skills vacuum, which intensifies the war on talent;upskilling;and plugging the skills gap with industry-focused education and training.Originality/value>The paper offers original insight based on the author’s unique perspective.

17.
Asian Association of Open Universities Journal ; 17(1):53-64, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1878858

ABSTRACT

Purpose>In 2019, the goal of developing a world-class open university through different stages was put forward by the Open University of China (OUC), which indicated that internationalization for Chinese open universities came to the agenda. However, international activities of open universities are different from those in conventional universities, and how to fulfill the goal of internationalization is a main issue faced by educators in Chinese open and distance education arena. This research aimed to identify ways of internationalization for the OUC system.Design/methodology/approach>A survey was employed as a tool to get feedback from target audience. A questionnaire was released to academics, management staff and researchers to the 44 provincial open universities. A total of 501 samples were collected. Among them, 332 were from academics, which accounted for 66.27%, 152 were from school-level directors and 17 were from university-level leaders.Findings>By analyzing the data collected in the survey, the study proposes four recommendations to fulfill the goal of internationalization for Chinese open universities and these include strengthening top-level strategies, building up professional teams, sharing learning resources and delivering upper-level programs.Research limitations/implications>The targets of this research were all staff at different levels in the central and local institutions;no students were included in the research. Therefore, this did not reflect a picture from the student perspective, and this will be improved in future research.Originality/value>Since the establishment of the OUC in 1979, there has been no clear and systematic pathways for the development of internationalization of Chinese open universities. This research proposes a theoretical framework of internationalization for open universities and suggests a direction for future development.

18.
SSRN; 2022.
Preprint in English | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-337960

ABSTRACT

The UK Supreme Court’s decision in The Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) v Arch and Others is of considerable significance. It is arguably the leading authority, not just in the UK but elsewhere in the common law world, on the response of business interruption insurance (BII) policies to claims arising from the COVID-19 pandemic. This article explains the nature of BII policies and the law in England & Wales prior to the decision in FCA v Arch. It then examines the Supreme Court’s decision in detail before reflecting on its wider implications for policyholders, insurers and others.

19.
PLoS Biology ; 18(4), 2020.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1876907

ABSTRACT

Have you ever sought to use metagenomic DNA sequences reported in scientific publications? Were you successful? Here, we reveal that metagenomes from no fewer than 20% of the papers found in our literature search, published between 2016 and 2019, were not deposited in a repository or were simply inaccessible. The proportion of inaccessible data within the literature has been increasing year-on-year. Noncompliance with Open Data is best predicted by the scientific discipline of the journal. The number of citations, journal type (e.g., Open Access or subscription journals), and publisher are not good predictors of data accessibility. However, many publications in high–impact factor journals do display a higher likelihood of accessible metagenomic data sets. Twenty-first century science demands compliance with the ethical standard of data sharing of metagenomes and DNA sequence data more broadly. Data accessibility must become one of the routine and mandatory components of manuscript submissions—a requirement that should be applicable across the increasing number of disciplines using metagenomics. Compliance must be ensured and reinforced by funders, publishers, editors, reviewers, and, ultimately, the authors.

20.
Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications Vol 7 2022, ArtID 30 ; 7, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1876842

ABSTRACT

To slow the spread of COVID-19, many people now wear face masks in public. Face masks impair our ability to identify faces, which can cause problems for professional staff who identify offenders or members of the public. Here, we investigate whether performance on a masked face matching task can be improved by training participants to compare diagnostic facial features (the ears and facial marks)-a validated training method that improves matching performance for unmasked faces. We show this brief diagnostic feature training, which takes less than two minutes to complete, improves matching performance for masked faces by approximately 5%. A control training course, which was unrelated to face identification, had no effect on matching performance. Our findings demonstrate that comparing the ears and facial marks is an effective means of improving face matching performance for masked faces. These findings have implications for professions that regularly perform face identification. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

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