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1.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12811, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066465

ABSTRACT

Although the needs for sustainable urban infrastructure systems are increasingly being recognized and addressed, the same is not true for Native American communities, where existence, condition, and access to a collection of infrastructure systems is often lagging behind urban and non-native communities. To date, there has been a quite limited number of studies exploring Native American perspectives on infrastructure challenges and how to build sustainable and resilient infrastructure systems in their communities. Thus, the purpose of this study is to identify the challenges and opportunities for building sustainable infrastructure systems for Native American communities in Southern California and investigate how those communities experience, understand, and apply engineering practice in the context of their community and culture. Drawing from six group interviews, our study highlights challenges and opportunities for building sustainable and resilient infrastructure systems on tribal reservations in San Diego County, California, from the perspectives offered by Native Americans themselves. We focus on infrastructure systems fundamental to well-being: built environment, water/wastewater, telecommunications, transportation, energy, human capital, and education. Our research participants emphasized the importance of their cultures, sovereignty, and care for the welfare of their communities in innovating sustainable and resilient infrastructure. To accomplish this, a key priority should be to train native engineers, who are best positioned to understand the infrastructure needs and opportunities in their own communities.

2.
Journal of Advanced Transportation ; 2022, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2064340

ABSTRACT

Bike-sharing holds promise for available and healthy mobility services during COVID-19 where bike sharing users can make trips with lower health concerns due to social distancing compared to the restricted transportation modes such as public transit and ridesharing services. Leveraging the trip data of the Divvy bike-sharing system in Chicago, this study exploresspatially heterogeneous effects of built environment on bike-sharing usage under the pandemic. Results show that the average weekly ridership declined by 52.04%. To account for the spatially heterogeneous relationship between the built environment and the ridership, the geographically weighted regression (GWR) model and the semiparametric GWR (S-GWR) model are constructed. We find that the S-GWR model outperforms the GWR and the multiple linear regression models. The results of the S-GWR model indicate that education employment density, distance to subway, COVID-19 cases, and ridership before COVID-19 are global variables. The effects between ridership and the built environment factros (i.e., household density, office employment density, and the ridership) vary across space. The results of this study could provide a useful reference to transportation planners and bike-sharing operators to determine the high bike-sharing demand area under the pandemic,thus adjusting station locations, capacity, and rebalancing schemes accordingly.

3.
Mathematical Problems in Engineering ; 2022, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2064339

ABSTRACT

Transportation is regarded as one of the most important issues currently being researched;this issue needs the search for approaches or processes that might lessen many contemporary traffic concerns. Congestion, pollution, and accidents have escalated lately, negatively impacting urban environments, economic development, and citizens’ lifestyles. The rise of illnesses and epidemics throughout the world, such as COVID-19, has created an urgent need to find the best way to save people’s lives. The vehicle routing problem (VRP) is a well-known moniker for improving transportation systems and is regarded as one of the ancient and contemporary difficulties in route planning applications. One of the main tasks of VRP is serving many customers by determining the optimal route from an initial point to a destination on a real-time road map. The best route is not necessarily the shortest-distance route, but, in emergency cases, it is the route that takes the least fitness cost (time) and the fastest way to arrive. This paper aims to provide an adaptive genetic algorithm (GA) to determine the optimal time route, taking into account the factors that influence the vehicle arrival time and cause delays. In addition, the Network Analyst tool in ArcGIS is used to determine the optimal route using real-time map based on the user’s preferences and suggest the best one. Experimental results indicate that the performance of GA is mainly determined by an efficient representation, evaluation of fitness function, and other factors such as population size and selection method.

4.
IOP Conference Series. Earth and Environmental Science ; 1094(1):011001, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2051202

ABSTRACT

The 2022 International Conference on Environment, Resources and Energy Engineering (EREE2022) was scheduled to be held in Bangkok, Thailand, however, due to unexpected global surge in COVID-19 variant in the last three months, for safety and also travel restriction reasons, the conference was held virtually via “Zoom”.Delegates from around the world including Thailand, Bulgaria, Ecuador, Indonesia, Cambodia, Chile, Philippines and Sri Lanka took the opportunity to share their research results and discuss potential scientific and engineering development from their work that contributed to the success of the conference.All papers in these proceedings have passed the vigorous review process involving reviewers of the International Technical Committee. Authors benefited from valuable comments and improved their submissions to the satisfaction of reviewers. The virtual presentation serves as another opportunity for the conference delegates to address critiques in the real time online meetings with the expert audience.There were four keynote speakers and two invited speakers who gave talks covering different areas of the conference. The keynote speakers are (i) Prof Kaimin Shih (The University of Hong Kong, China) who gave a talk on on “Metal Stabilization and Resource Recovery Examples in Urban Environment”, (ii) Prof. Nur Islami (University of Riau, Indonesia) who gave a talk on “A Valuable Approach to Study Groundwater Contamination in a Shallow Aquifer System”, (iii) Prof Danny Sutanto (University of Wollongong, Australia) who gave a talk on “Solid State Transformer for Smart Power Grid Applications”, and (iv) Prof Phebe Ding (Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia) who gave a talk on ”Role of Postharvest Technology in Producing Quality Fresh Horticultural Products.”. The invited speakers are (i) Assoc. Prof Chunrong Jia (University of Memphis, Tennessee, USA) who gave a talk on “Apportioning variability of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs) in the ambient air in the Memphis Tri-State Area, USA”, and (ii) Assoc. Prof Farhad Shania (Murdoch University, Australia) who gave a talk on “Recent and Future Research in Microgrid Cluster”.The proceedings record papers presented during the conference, all of them have been divided into 3 sessions in the proceedings: Session 1-Resource & Environment Management and Sustainable Development, Session 2-Energy Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, and Session 3 Renewable Energy Technology and Energy Consumption Analysis.The variety of research topics presented in the conference and novelty exhibited in the papers published in the proceedings once again demonstrated the value of EREE2022.On behalf of the conference committee, I would like to thank the Technical Program Committee members, the Conference Program Coordinator, the keynote speakers and all participants, whose papers are presented in the conference proceedings, all contributing to the success of the conference.List of Conference Committees are available in this Pdf.

5.
Revista de Gestão Social e Ambiental ; 16(1):1-15, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2040619

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O artigo buscou analisar os impactos e reflexos da pandemia de COVID-19 na gestão dos resíduos plásticos. Referencial teórico: A preocupação com a COVID-19 resultou em diversas medidas protetivas, como a determinação do uso de EPIs e restrições de circulação nos centros urbanos. Essas mudanças também impactaram padrões de geração e gestão de resíduos sólidos, especialmente de resíduos plásticos, cujos reflexos negativos nos aspectos socioambientais podem emergir, dado seu descarte inadequado. Método: Foi realizada uma revisão sistemática de literatura, nas bases de dados Scopus, Sage e Web of Science, com utilização do Methodi Ordinatio. Ao total, 22 estudos foram selecionados, compondo o portfólio de pesquisa. Resultados e conclusão: Os resultados demonstraram uma maior concentração de estudos que relacionam os resíduos plásticos nas regiões costeiras, especialmente provenientes de EPIs, e a poluição por microplásticos. Além disso, há uma preocupação com a geração de resíduos de embalagens pela alteração nos padrões de consumo, com o aumento da procura por serviços de e-commerce e delivery. Além de uma preocupação ambiental, destaca-se um problema de ordem social à longo prazo, devido à quebra de padrões de comportamentos sustentáveis na utilização de plástico descartável. Implicações da pesquisa: Soluções são propostas no sentido de utilização de plásticos biodegradáveis, reutilização de EPIs e novas tecnologias de tratamento de resíduos, além da mudança no comportamento social. Originalidade/valor: De um modo geral, o estudo fornece insights e promove reflexões sobre os desafios enfrentados no gerenciamento de resíduos plásticos durante a pandemia de COVID-19.Alternate :Purpose: The article aims to analyze the impacts and reflections of the COVID-19 pandemic on plastic waste management. Theoretical Framework: The concern with COVID-19 resulted in several protective measures, such as the use of PPE and movement restrictions in urban centers. These changes also affected patterns of generation and management of solid waste, especially plastic waste, whose negative effects on socio-environmental aspects may emerge due to its inadequate disposal. Method: We conducted a systematic literature review in the databases Scopus, Sage and Web of Science, employing the Methodi Ordinatio. The review selected 22 studies to compose the research portfolio. Results and conclusion: The results showed a higher concentration of studies on plastic waste in coastal regions, especially from PPE and microplastic pollution. Moreover, there is a concern with the generation of packaging waste by shifting consumption patterns with the increased demand for e-commerce and delivery services. Besides an environmental concern, a long-term social problem stands out regarding the breaking of sustainable behavior patterns in using disposable plastic. Research implications: We propose solutions involving the use of biodegradable plastics, reuse of PPE, and new waste treatment technologies, besides changes in social behavior. Originality/Value: Overall, the study provides insights and promotes reflections on the challenges faced in managing plastic waste during the COVID-19 pandemic.

6.
IOP Conference Series. Earth and Environmental Science ; 1054(1):012015, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2037332

ABSTRACT

Sustainable design strategies focus on architectural design considerations which assures the welfare, in addition to cohabitation of inanimate elements, and existing creatures that constitute the ecosystem. Sustainable architecture for public spaces, in addition to energy efficiency and zero greenhouse gas emission, needs to adopt approaches that lessen the effect of communicable diseases. Often, the primarily focus of architects is the aesthetics of buildings, there is no cognizant method for sustainable infection prevention and control mostly in the planning/production phase of public buildings. The paper aims to assess and identify how the public space can be safer in a pandemic from the vantage point of built environment professionals with the view of evolving strategies for policymakers with emphasis on the duties of the architect in mitigating the spread of viruses. The steps taken were to assess the relationship amongst environmental space and infectious diseases and propose practical steps to limit infection prevention and control (IPC) in public buildings. The paper is based on works of literature and consultations. The paper concluded that design approaches perform a substantial part in prevention and control of infections in public spaces, as well as healthcare facilities. Hence, sustainable design strategies may well be a remedy for mitigating the spread of coronavirus in public buildings.

7.
IOP Conference Series. Earth and Environmental Science ; 1039(1):012013, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2037319

ABSTRACT

Appropriate strategies on urban climate mitigation should be formulated by considering the physical morphology of the urban landscape. This study aimed to investigate, analyze, and promote possible strategies to mitigate Jakarta’s urban heat island (UHI) phenomena. Jakarta’s local climate zone (LCZ) was classified into 17 classes using Landsat 8 data and the random forest method. Land surface temperature (LST) characteristic in each LCZ class was analyzed from 2018, 2019 and 2020. The result revealed that most of the local climate zone in Jakarta is dominated by LCZ 6 (open low-rise) and LCZ 3 (compact low-rise), which is the typical residential area in Jakarta. However, the mean LST in 2018, 2019 and 2020 showed that LCZ 3 (compact low-rise) and LCZ 7 (lightweight low-rise) are the areas that were most likely causing high surface temperature with the highest UHI intensity. During the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, LST in Jakarta decreased drastically in some parts of the area, especially in public facility such as airport. However, the LST value in low-rise areas (LCZ 3 and LCZ 7) remains higher than the other LCZ classes. Materials of the building and land cover play a significant role in raising the land surface temperature. Therefore, mitigation strategies for urban heat islands in Jakarta should be focused on such particular areas mentioned.

8.
Journal of Urban and Regional Analysis ; 14(2):187-210, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2026707

ABSTRACT

The rapid growth of home-based work raises questions about its long-term impacts on neighbourhoods and cities. By removing the need to commute, home-based work has the potential to advance the New Urbanism aspirations of walkable neighbourhoods in an urban village format where people live, work and play. Nonetheless, the uneven distribution of this emerging work practice, strongly associated with the socio-economic status of neighbourhoods, is exacerbating the risk of increased urban inequalities. This paper presents pre- and post-COVID data for the City of Gold Coast, Australia, and it discusses the urban distribution of home-based work by analysing the home-based workers' locational preferences, their daily movement patterns, the preferred built environment outcomes, and the urban design features. The findings suggest that certain social and economic interactions tend to increase with the growth of remote work. These interactions, magnified by the COVID pandemic, offer opportunities to advance the New Urbanism aspirations of cohesive, walkable communities and neighbourhoods.

9.
EURE, Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios Urbano Regionales ; 48(145):1-17,19-23, 2022.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2025419

ABSTRACT

El impacto del Covid-19 ha supuesto una brusca paralización del turismo, generando incertidumbre a nivel internacional. En este marco, el último periodo de auge del sector, correspondiente a la recuperación económica en 2012, y la repentina nueva recesión en 2020, ofrecen un periodo privilegiado para examinar los impactos del turismo en los centros urbanos. Este trabajo analiza la relación entre procesos sociodemográficos y el alquiler turístico en el último periodo de auge del turismo, tomando como caso de estudio los centros históricos de dos ciudades andaluzas de marcado carácter turístico: Sevilla y Cádiz. El análisis se fundamenta en los datos sociodemográficos suministrados por el Censo de Población y Vivienda y el Padrón Municipal de Habitantes, junto a información de alquileres suministrados por distintas fuentes. Como resultado, el trabajo demuestra estadísticamente la relación entre la distribución de los alquileres turísticos y varios procesos sociodemográficos, y su influencia en la pérdida de población.Alternate :The impact of the Covid-19 has harshly affected tourism, triggering uncertainty at the international level. In this context, the last period of the sector's boom, corresponding to the economic recovery in 2012 and the abrupt new recession in 2020, is a privileged period for examining the impacts of tourism in urban centers. This paper analyzes the relationship between sociodemographic processes and tourist rentals in the last period of the tourism boom, taking as a case study the historical centers of two Andalusian cities of a markedly tourist nature: Seville and Cadiz. The analysis is based on the sociodemographic data provided by the Census of Population and Housing and the Register of Inhabitants, along with rental information provided by different sources. The results statistically demonstrate the relationship of the distribution of tourist rentals with various sociodemographic processes and their influence on the loss of population.

10.
Sustainability ; 14(17):10880, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2024208

ABSTRACT

Epidemiological studies have established a strong relationship between poor air quality and deteriorating human health, demanding urgent remedial measures. Specifically, indoor pollution is more critical, and outdoor pollutants significantly contribute towards indoor pollution, its strength depending on various parameters, including ventilation strategy, meteorological conditions, building design, outdoor sources, etc. This report analyses the various factors reported influencing the transmission of pollutants between the two environments. The report critically reviews various studies investigating the inter-environment variability and transmission, providing an overview of various factors and their impacts and covering both experimental and modelling studies. The review suggests that while many studies have helped to quantify the long-term personal exposure to pollutants, they have not paid special attention to the mechanism of the transmission of pollutants from the outdoor to the indoor environment and vice versa. The findings demonstrate that the proper indexing of various mechanisms and their relative strength is necessary before an effective intervention strategy can be applied in the built environment to counter the effect of pollution.

11.
Sustainability ; 14(16):10103, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2024133

ABSTRACT

Atmospheric particulate matter (PM10) is one of the most important pollutants for human health, and road transport could be a major anthropogenic source of it. Several research studies have shown the impact of roads on the air quality in urban areas, but the relationship between road and rail networks and ambient PM10 concentrations has not been well studied, especially in suburban and rural landscapes. In this study, we examined the link between the spatial characteristics of each road type (motorway, primary road, secondary road, and railway) and the annual average PM10 concentration. We used the European 2931 air quality (AQ) station dataset, which is classified into urban, suburban, and rural landscapes. Our results show that in urban and rural landscapes, the spatial characteristics (the density of the road network and its distance from the AQ monitoring points) have a significant statistical relationship with PM10 concentrations. According to our findings from AQ monitoring sites within the urban landscape, there is a significant negative relationship between the annual average PM10 concentration and the density of the railway network. This result can be explained by the driving wind generated by railway trains (mainly electric trains). Among the road network types, all road types in the urban landscape, only motorways in the suburban landscape, and only residential roads in the rural landscape have a significant positive statistical relationship with the PM10 values at the AQ monitoring points. Our results show that in the suburban zones, which represent the rural–urban fringe, motorways have a strong influence on PM-related air pollution. In the suburban areas, the speed of vehicles changes frequently near motorways and intersections, so higher traffic-related PM10 emission levels can be expected in these areas. The findings of this study can be used to decrease transportation-related environmental conflicts related to the air quality in urban, urban–rural fringe, and rural (agricultural) landscapes.

12.
Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering ; 83(10-B):No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2012796

ABSTRACT

A lack of adequate healthcare access can negatively affect asthma management. The purpose of this study was to understand whether there was an association between source of care and asthma management. This study provides important insights concerning the changing landscape of how individuals receive asthma treatment and manage their asthma during a pandemic. Asthma management and asthma care have been studied;however, results have been inconclusive in relation to the barriers to health that are experienced among various adult age groups. Identifying additional subgroup characteristics could provide insight into where health practitioners, practice management, and policymakers direct healthcare resources. The 2020 California Health Interview Survey is a public use database with 22,160 surveyed participants. Bronfenbrenner's social ecological model was used in this study to explain how healthcare access, delays of needed care, and usual source of care likely influenced asthma management for adults between the ages of 35 and 65. The information was used to understand the relationship between asthma status, healthcare access, usual source of health care, asthma management, and need to delay care using descriptive statistics, chi-square test of association, and logistics regression. This study focused on the healthcare influence during COVID-19 and asthma prevalence among individuals between the ages of 35 and 65. Thus, it led to the identification of another subset of the population that is likely to be at increased risk for developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

13.
Revista Psicologia Organizacoes e Trabalho ; 21(4):1707-1720, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2011199

ABSTRACT

The space-time flexibilization of work became common in private and public Brazilian companies after the advent of the COVID-19 pandemic. The objective of this study was to analyze, through a survey questionnaire, the researchers' perceptions at the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa) about work, social, and labor productivity characteristics related to the teleworking adopted over the course of a year in the company. The target audience of the study included 487 scientific researchers (master, doctor and post-doc level) from the public company located in 32 cities, widely distributed throughout the Brazilian territory. The perceptions of the research participants were highly positive in relation to teleworking, with reflections on labor productivity enhancement and gains related to work autonomy and quality of life. Also, the future expectations about teleworking reveal the desire of a majority of the Embrapa researchers to maintain a flexible working arrangement, particularly based on a hybrid model. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved) (Portuguese) A flexibilizacao espaco-temporal do trabalho tornou-se comum nas empresas privadas e publicas brasileiras apos o advento da pandemia de COVID- 19. O presente estudo objetivou analisar por meio da aplicacao de um questionario de pesquisa as percepcoes dos pesquisadores da Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuaria (Embrapa), apos um ano atuando sob regime de teletrabalho, em relacao as caracteristicas laborais, sociais, produtivas e de contexto do trabalho, bem como aos beneficios, desafios e expectativas futuras associadas a esse modelo de trabalho. O publico-alvo do estudo englobou 487 pesquisadores cientificos (mestres, doutores e pos-doutores) da empresa publica alocados em 32 cidades amplamente distribuidas no territorio brasileiro. As percepcoes dos participantes da pesquisa em relacao ao teletrabalho foram altamente positivas, refletindo-se em aumento de produtividade laboral e ganhos na autonomia do trabalho e na qualidade de vida. As expectativas revelam o desejo da maioria dos pesquisadores da Embrapa de manterem o regime de trabalho flexivel, especialmente na modalidade hibrida. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved) (Spanish) La flexibilizacion espacio-temporal del trabajo se hizo comun en las empresas publicas y privadas brasilenas con el advenimiento de la pandemia COVID-19. El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo analizar, mediante la aplicacion de un cuestionario de encuesta, las percepciones de los investigadores de Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuaria (Embrapa), luego de un ano de trabajo en regimen de teletrabajo, en relacion a las caracteristicas laborales, sociales, productivas y del contexto laboral, asi como los beneficios, desafios y expectativas futuras asociadas a este modelo de trabajo. El publico objetivo del estudio incluyo a 487 investigadores cientificos (con maestrias, doctorados y postdoctorados) de la empresa publica ubicados en 32 ciudades ampliamente distribuidas en el territorio brasileno. Las percepciones de los participantes de la investigacion en relacion con el teletrabajo fueron altamente positivas, reflejando un aumento en la productividad laboral y beneficios en la autonomia laboral y la calidad de vida. Las expectativas revelan el deseo de la mayoria de los investigadores de Embrapa de mantener el regimen de trabajo flexible, especialmente en la modalidad hibrida. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

14.
Sustainability ; 14(15):9234, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1994171

ABSTRACT

Many cities of the world suffer from air pollution because of poor planning and design and heavy traffic in rapidly expanding urban environments. These conditions are exacerbated due to the Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect. While there have been studies linking the built environment and air pollution with health, they have ignored the aggravating role of UHI. The past urban planning literature in this field has also ignored the science of materials, vehicles and air pollution, and technological solutions for reducing cumulative health impacts of air pollution and UHI. Air Pollution, built environment and human health are complex discussion factors that involve several different fields. The built environment is linked with human health through opportunities of physical activity and air quality. Recent planning literature focuses on creating compact and walkable urban areas dotted with green infrastructure to promote physical activity and to reduce vehicle emission-related air pollution. Reduced car use leading to reduced air pollution and UHI is implied in the literature. The literature from technology fields speaks to the issue of air pollution directly. Zero emission cars, green infrastructure and building materials that absorb air pollutants and reduce UHI fall within this category. This paper identifies main themes in the two streams of urban air pollution and UHI that impact human health and presents a systematic review of the academic papers, policy documents, reports and features in print media published in the last 10–20 years.

15.
Sustainability ; 14(15):9208, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1994170

ABSTRACT

Nowadays, urban centers face the challenge to upgrade life quality by reducing traffic congestion, air pollution emissions and road casualties. Transport charging policies applied in cities at a quick pace are a key tool for sustainable mobility. However, public acceptability is an important precondition to be adopted for such policies. In this context, the scope of this paper is the investigation of the public acceptability of environmentally linked urban charging policies in Greek urban centers. Specifically, the paper’s objective is the investigation of Greek drivers’ acceptability of the implementation of a congestion charging policy and a parking charging policy with the charging being adjusted according to the Euro class and technology of the vehicle in favor of less polluting cars. A structural equation model (SEM) was developed using data from a questionnaire survey which provided a sample encompassing 733 respondent drivers from three main urban centers of Greece: Athens, Thessaloniki and Volos. Several statistical relationships were detected and quantified correlating the two examined urban environmental charging policies with five latent unobserved variables. Based on the results, public acceptability of environmental congestion charging policies and the public acceptability of environmental parking charging policies were found to be positively correlated with each other, meaning that a driver who supports one environmentally linked transport charging policy is more likely to support the other one as well. The environmental sensitivity and high commuting profiles of drivers are influential factors that positively affect the acceptability of the two examined transport charging policies’ implementation in Greek urban centers. Analysis has also shown that younger, higher-educated respondents and females are more likely to accept the environmental charging policies under consideration.

16.
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science ; 1065(1):011001, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1992042

ABSTRACT

1. IntroductionThe Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia has organized two-day International Conference on “Sustainable Infrastructure and Built Environment (SIBE-2022) – Challenges on Sustainable and Resilient Infrastructure and Built Environment”, 8th-9th March 2022. The conference was held virtually owing to the COVID situation resulting into travel restrictions. The organizers were in CIBE Building, the Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganeca 10, Bandung, Indonesia.The aim of the conference was to provide a platform for exchanging ideas, information, and experiences among academics, researchers, consultants, engineers, manufactures, and postgraduate scholars. It also serves a medium to discuss and evaluate the latest research, innovative technologies, policies and new directions in infrastructure development, pollution prevention and eco-friendly technologies adapted to developing countries, and to promote cooperation and networking amongst practitioners and researchers involved in addressing sustainable and resilient infrastructure.List of Topic and subtopic of the conferences, commitees, Paper Submission, Speakers and Sessions are available in this Pdf.

17.
Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences ; 83(10-A):No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1989548

ABSTRACT

Since the release of the Missouri Model for Trauma-Informed Schools approved by the Department of Elementary and Secondary Education (DESE) in 2019, school leaders were given the opportunity to start the process of meeting the emotional and fundamental needs of students. With the effects of trauma reaching all diverse groups of race, gender, economic status, and community surroundings, there is an increased need to use the education system to reach students emotionally. Though the model is a blueprint for schools, school districts are not required to adopt this model and implement it within their districts. Due to the recent pandemic, trauma has reached everyone across the world. The recent COVID-19 pandemic has caused some type of disruption to everyday life and social norms. Other traumas that children in the community have faced include incarceration, abuse, and neglect. Saint Louis, where this study took place, poverty is higher than that of the national and state averages. This mixed-methods study examined how different types of schools and roles within education systems used trauma-informed practices and how participants believe these practices can dismantle the ongoing effects of the School-to-Prison Pipeline. Through interviews and surveys, the researcher examined various types of questions to reflect how public, private, and charter schools and teachers, administrators, and support staff understand and implement these practices. The survey and interview addressed the definition of trauma, if and how participants use trauma-informed practices, as well as their discipline methods. There were just under 200 participants included across the city of St. Louis in public, private, and charter schools. To analyze this the researcher used the survey to differentiate between administration and staff, public, charter, and private school employees, and those who identify as trauma-informed and those who do not identify as trauma-informed. Using an ANOVA, the researcher analyzed survey questions. This analysis found there is no difference in their level of understanding as it pertains to trauma-informed practices. However, there was a significant difference in how participants enforce them and how fair and consistently they address students' social and emotional needs. The researcher recommends that school leaders work together to create consistency and accountability for their staff and students. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

18.
Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences ; 83(10-A):No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1989344

ABSTRACT

School counselors face adversity in the urban environment that impacts them personally and professionally, including their career sustainability in the urban field. The focus of this research study was to investigate and analyze the experiences and perceptions of 10 urban professional school counselors. Data were obtained through a generic qualitative study asking eight open-ended questions in semi-structured interviews to address their professional development needs to personally and professionally sustain them in their careers. Participants' perceptions were examined through the influence and interaction with the urban environment supported by Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory. The ecological perspective characterized the meaning-making school counselors developed from interactions in the urban environment in which they work. Participants were licensed professional school counselors with 10 or more years of experience in the urban environment while currently employed as an urban school counselor in a public school. Thematic analysis was utilized starting with the transcription of the 10 interviews. The analysis led to four themes that emerged: environmental factors require a shift in mindset, leadership and advocacy, finding your purpose, and system support. Additionally, there were three subthemes for further clarification of support: microsystem, exosystem, and chronosystem (impact of COVID-19). The urban environment requires a shift in mindset to meet the unique needs of students and families in the urban environment. Leadership and advocacy empower school counselors to bring equitable services for students and school counselors in the urban environment. Finding your purpose is a career-sustaining factor seen through the urban school counselors' meaning-making of their roles. System support provides the personal and professional development in many layers to sustain urban school counselors in their work. These themes and subthemes answered the research question: What are the professional development needs to sustain urban school counselors? It was determined that urban school counselors shift their mindset to meet the needs of their students and families. Because the needs of urban school counselors are different from school counselors in rural or suburban areas, intentional efforts are needed to develop skills for challenging work. Future research might include qualitative and quantitative methods that explore ways to increase the well-being of urban school counselors, namely level of stress, burnout, and impact on their career intentions. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

19.
The International Archives of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences ; XLVIII-4/W1-2022:229-236, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1988297

ABSTRACT

The onset of the Covid pandemic in 2020 changed the approach to work, research, and study. This period has been a wake-up call for public administrations, the private sector, and the academic community, to digitise their data. In Italy, digital and information technologies for the protection and enhancement of cultural heritage, which were an imperative for more than a decade, have been accelerated. This paper aims to collect and to process openly available data on patrimony from OpenStreetMap and the Lombardian Geoportal. The study is divided into two phases: a simple statistical analysis of cultural heritage in Monza is obtained, and the results are presented graphically. Firstly, built-in tools and Python Console of QGIS are evaluated, to filter attributes and add geometrical values to the downloaded material. Secondly, plug-in DataPlotly and an online coding application named Replit are assessed. The results are presented and compared in terms of their flexibility, quality of visual representation, customisation, and simplicity of use. Tools developed through and for QGIS are easy to use and available to everyone. Additionally, coding applications can be integrated for more refined results. This approach fosters interdisciplinarity, bridges the gap between professionals and non-expert users of GIS, and opens a range of opportunities for future collaborations. The citizen, as a mapper, can be involved in the administrative decision-making process, contributing with data collected in situ. Collaboration between these two sides can potentially produce the better for evaluating the contemporary built environment and its undividable part of cultural heritage.

20.
International Journal of Online Pedagogy and Course Design ; 12(1):1-15, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1988165

ABSTRACT

This paper presents results of a student survey carried out among Civil and Construction Engineering undergraduate students within the School of Engineering, Design and Built Environment at Western Sydney University. The survey investigated the learning experience of students and the effectiveness of new educational processes implemented during the COVID-19 pandemic. Both quantitative and qualitative approaches were employed to examine the perceptions of students on online teaching modes. The survey results indicated some positive features of online teaching such as flexibility, comfortable educational environments and efficient time utilisation. However, students also found many challenges such as network instability, distractions, lack of engagement and mental stress. The identified areas of improvement were closely related to these challenges. The survey results highlighted that most students were satisfied with the teaching strategies and assessment methods. Improved and effective teaching methodologies for students to achieve better learning outcomes are proposed and discussed.

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