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Psicología Conductual ; 30(1):133-155, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1812205


En el artículo se detalla el procedimiento de validación de un cuestionario que analiza la percepción de los factores causales de la pandemia de la COVID-19, el CPFC-COVID-19. Se realizó una prueba piloto con 55 sujetos, se analizó la validez de contenido y de comprensión a través del juicio de 8 expertos y la validez de constructo a través de un análisis factorial exploratorio. Además, se realizó un análisis factorial confirmatorio con una muestra de 427 personas, se calculó la validez convergente y se hizo un análisis descriptivo y de consistencia interna de los factores del cuestionario final. El CPFC-COVID-19 quedó constituido por 20 ítems y cuatro dimensiones: Distanciamiento social y Protección (DSP), Impacto psicológico percibido (IPP), Escepticismo (E) y Credibilidad de la información percibida (CIP). Los resultados demuestran la validez del cuestionario y unos altos índices de fiabilidad, lo que permite conocer las percepciones de la población acerca de los factores causales de la COVID-19.Alternate :The article details the validation procedure for a questionnaire that analyzes the perception of the causal factors of the COVID-19 pandemic, the COVID-19-CFPQ. A pilot test was carried out with 55 subjects, its content and comprehension validity was analyzed through the judgment of 8 experts, and its construct validity through an exploratory factor analysis. In addition, a confirmatory factorial analysis was carried out with a sample of 427 people, the convergent validity was calculated, and a descriptive and internal consistency analysis of the factors of the final questionnaire was performed. The COVID-19-CFPQ finally comprised 20 items and four dimensions: Social distancing and Protection (SDP), Perceived psychological impact (PPI), Skepticism (S) and Credibility of perceived information (CPI). The results demonstrated the validity of the questionnaire and high reliability rates, which allows us to determine the perceptions of the population about the causal factors of COVID-19.

Medicina (Brazil) ; 54(4), 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1811326


Background: As a care tool for the elderly population, caregivers must have knowledge about the prevention of COVID-19 to minimize the transmission of SARS-CoV-2. Objective: Describe the process of construction and validation of educational leaflet content for caregivers of the elderly on covid-19 prevention measures. Methods: Methodological study developed in three stages. The first stage corresponds to the literature review;the second involved the construction of the brochure and the last stage was content validation by a committee of twenty-three experts who judged the objectives, structure/presentation and relevance of the brochure from a validated 3-point Likert scale. Items with positive opinions by more than 80.0% were considered adequate. Results: The leaflet was prepared containing six pages, with information on the new coronavirus, forms of transmission, signs and symptoms, protection of the disease, alteration of the routine of daily care, the importance of hand hygiene, surfaces and food;correct use of mask;care for the caregiver or family member;emotional health and how to proceed in case of suspicion of COVID-19. Only one evaluation round was required;the content validity index was 1.0 and the agreement between judges was statistically significant in all domains of the scale (p<0.006). Conclusion: This study provides an educational leaflet with validated content, configuring a capable component to improve the knowledge of caregivers about prevention measures against COVID-19 in the elderly. © 2021 Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirao Preto - U.S.P.. All rights reserved.

Religions ; 13(4):282, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1810097


Studies highlight that although the spiritual/religious dimension is commonly used as a resource for coping with stress and suffering, sometimes this dimension can also be a locus of struggles. The Religious and Spiritual Struggles (RSS) Scale, composed of 26 items (extended version), is an instrument that assesses the presence of six types of spiritual struggles, categorized into three major categories: Intrapersonal, Interpersonal, and Supernatural. More recently, studies have presented a leaner version, with 14 items (short version), also suitable for evaluating religious/spiritual struggles. This study aimed to validate the RSS Scale, in its two versions, in the Brazilian cultural context and was able to attest to its quality and reliability, albeit with small variations. The Brazilian extended version presented six components (similar to the original version) explaining 68.48% of variance and 0.907 of KMO. Two items were withdrawn due to low loadings, but the psychometric qualities of both versions in two different samples (one wide sample and one with LGBTQIA+ individuals) were maintained. The reliability (Cronbach’s alpha) for each one of the six components ranged from 0.78 to 0.88 (24 items) and from 0.73 to 0.83 (14 items). The TLI and CFI were, respectively, 0.934 and 0.945 (24 items) and 0.982 and 0.988 for the short version (14 items). Furthermore, convergent validity tests indicated correlations with the Satisfaction with Life Scale. The RSS Scale (the Brazilian versions with 24 and 14 items), demonstrated reliability in the studied sample and can be applied in clinical and research contexts.

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health ; 19(8):4857, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1809879


Introduction: Comparable to second victim phenomenon (SVP), moral injury (MI) affects health professionals (HP) working in stressful environments. Information on how MI and SVP intercorrelate and their part in a psychological trauma complex is limited. We tested and validated a German version of the Moral Injury Symptom and Support Scale for Health Professionals (G-MISS-HP) instrument, screening for MI and correlated it with the recently developed German version of the Second Victim Experience and Support Tool (G-SVESTR) instrument, testing for SVP. Methods: After translating Moral Injury Symptom and Support Scale for Health Professionals (MISS-HP), we conducted a cross-sectional online survey providing G-MISS-HP and G-SVEST-R to HP. Statistics included Pearson’s interitem correlation, reliability analysis, principal axis factoring and principal components analysis with Promax rotation, confirmatory factor and ROC analyses. Results: A total of 244 persons responded, of whom 156 completed the survey (33% nurses, 16% physicians, 9% geriatric nurses, 7.1% speech and language therapists). Interitem and corrected item-scale correlations did not measure for one item sufficiently. It was, therefore, excluded from further analyses. The nine-item score revealed good reliability (Guttman’s lambda 2 = 0.80;Cronbach’s alpha = 0.79). Factor validity was demonstrated, indicating that a three-factor model from the original study might better represent the data compared with our two-factor model. Positive correlations between G-MISS-HP and G-SVESTR subscales demonstrated convergent validity. ROC revealed sensitivity of 89% and specificity of 63% for G-MISS-HP using a nine-item scale with cutoff value of 28.5 points. Positive and negative predictive values were 62% and 69%, respectively. Subgroup analyses did not reveal any differences. Conclusion: G-MISS-HP with nine items is a valid and reliable testing instrument for moral injury. However, strong intercorrelations of MI and SVP indicate the need for further research on the distinction of these phenomena.

BMC Public Health ; 22:1-10, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1808354


Background Self-care is important at all stages of life and health status to promote well-being, prevent disease, and improve health outcomes. Currently, there is a need to better conceptualize self-care in the general adult population and provide an instrument to measure self-care in this group. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop and evaluate the Self-Care Inventory (SCI), a theory-based instrument to measure self-care in the general adult population. Methods Based on the Middle Range Theory of Self-Care, the 20-item SCI was developed with three scales: Self-Care Maintenance (8 items), Self-Care Monitoring (6 items), and Self-Care Management (6 items). A cross sectional study with a US-based sample (n = 294) was conducted to test the SCI. Internal validity was assessed with Confirmatory Factor Analysis. Internal consistency reliability was assessed with Cronbach alpha for unidimensional scales or composite reliability and the global reliability index for multidimensional scales. Construct validity was investigated with Pearson correlation to test the relationship between general self-efficacy, positivity, stress, and self-care scores. Results The Self-Care Maintenance and Management scales were multidimensional and the Self-Care Monitoring scale was unidimensional. The global reliability index for multidimensional scales was 0.85 (self-care maintenance) and 0.88 (self-care management). Cronbach alpha coefficient of the self-care monitoring scale was 0.88. Test-retest reliability was 0.81 (self-care maintenance), 0.91 (self-care monitoring), and 0.76 (self-care management). The General Self-Efficacy Scale was positively related to all three self-care scale scores: self-care maintenance r = 0.46, p < 0. 001, self-care monitoring r = 0.31, p < 0. 001, and self-care management r = 0.32, p < 0. 001. The positivity score was positively related to self-care maintenance (r = 0.42, p < 0. 001), self-care monitoring (r = 0.29, p < 0. 001), and self-care management (r = 0.34, p < 0. 001) scores. The perceived stress was positively related to the self-care management (r = 0.20, p < 0. 001) score. Conclusions The SCI is a theoretically based instrument designed to measure self-care in the general adult population. Preliminary evidence of validity and reliability supports its use in the general adult population.

Sustainability ; 14(5):2765, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1742660


The objective of this study was to validate the Life Skills Ability Scale through internal consistency and construct validity in the context of higher education in Mexico. In study 1, the reliability and factor structure of the scale were evaluated with a sample of 525 higher education students (Mage = 19.94 years, SD = 3.85). In study 2, the factor invariance of the instrument was analyzed based on sample gender, which consisted of 707 higher education students (Mage = 20.03 years, SD = 4.19). The results showed adequate reliability and construct validity with a second order model and an eight-factor structure (teamwork, goal-setting, time management, emotional skills, communication, social skills, leadership, problem-solving, and decision-making). Likewise, there was measure equivalence between men and women. In conclusion, the Spanish version of the Life Skills Ability Scale in a Mexican context is a reliable and valid instrument that allows the assessment of life skills in higher education students.

Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep ; 22(3): 151-160, 2022 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1739417


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To critically appraise literature on recent advances and methods using "big data" to evaluate stroke outcomes and associated factors. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent big data studies provided new evidence on the incidence of stroke outcomes, and important emerging predictors of these outcomes. Main highlights included the identification of COVID-19 infection and exposure to a low-dose particulate matter as emerging predictors of mortality post-stroke. Demographic (age, sex) and geographical (rural vs. urban) disparities in outcomes were also identified. There was a surge in methodological (e.g., machine learning and validation) studies aimed at maximizing the efficiency of big data for improving the prediction of stroke outcomes. However, considerable delays remain between data generation and publication. Big data are driving rapid innovations in research of stroke outcomes, generating novel evidence for bridging practice gaps. Opportunity exists to harness big data to drive real-time improvements in stroke outcomes.

COVID-19 , Stroke , Big Data , Humans , Machine Learning , Stroke/epidemiology , Stroke/therapy
Psychological Test and Assessment Modeling ; 63(4):507-524, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1695815


N = 114 university students were tested with the AST, another test measuring sustained attention (FAIR-2), and a figural matrices test (DESIGMA) measuring participants' intelligence (IQ) to evaluate the psychometric properties and construct validity of the AST. Results indicated that the AST had a satisfying distribution of item difficulties (Миг = .58, SDræ = .36) and part-whole correlations (Mpwc = .55, SDpwc = .11), and an excellent reliability (rtt = .99). [...]test indices of the AST were highly correlated with the FAIR-2. [...]to existing tests of sustained attention the AST can be customized easily, is applicable for (self-administered) online studies, and its source code is released freely under the GNU GPLv3 license. [...]tests assessing sustained attention are frequently applied in a broad range of psychological and educational disciplines (Blotenberg & Schmidt-Atzert, 2019b;Moosbrugger & Goldhammer, 2006;Schmidt-Atzert et al., 2006).

Int J Ment Health Addict ; : 1-14, 2022 Jan 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1626810


The FCV-19S was the first instrument designed to assess the severity of fear related to COVID-19 and has already been validated in many languages. The objective of this study was to evaluate the homogeneity and construct validity of the 5-item version of the FCV19S, using an online questionnaire in 599 people. The participants' age ranged from 18 to 65 years. Age, gender, marital status, educational level, employment status, and socioeconomic status were analyzed. In the evaluation process we assessed interitem correlation, item rest-correlation, confirmatory factor analysis: Root Mean Square Error of Approximation, Comparative Fix Index, Tucker-Lewis Index; internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha, McDonald's omega), and the Rasch model was assessed for learning more about the psychometric properties of the scale, which allows a detailed knowledge of the strengths and weaknesses of a scale. The FCV-5S has adequate psychometric indicators from the perspective of the Classical Theory of Items. The major limitations were using a self-reported measure and having a convenience sample not necessarily representative of the general population of Argentina.

Texto & contexto enferm ; 30: e20210097, 2021. tab
Article in English | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1599695


ABSTRACT Objective: to translate and transculturally adapt the Risk assessment and management of exposure of health care workers in the context of COVID-19 questionnaire. Method: this is a methodological study. The translation, back-translation, synthesis, evaluation by experts committee and pre-test stages were followed. The participants were invited by electronic means and answered an online questionnaire. The data were collected between June and September 2020. Content validation by the experts committee was verified using the Content Validity Index. The pre-test participants assessed the instrument's applicability by means of the "Assessment of Instruments' Feasibility" questionnaire. Results: the study participants were four translators, eight evaluators in the experts committee and 35 professionals who answered the pre-test. The changes suggested by the experts committee were accepted and consensus was reached in two evaluation rounds, obtaining a content validity index higher than 0.80 for all items of the instrument. The pre-test version presented good applicability and satisfactory reliability (0.76). Conclusion: the instrument was adapted for use in Brazil, which will allow international comparison of the results and using the data obtained for assessment and decision-making in relation to workers' health. In addition to that, its use may be expanded to assess other situations of health professionals' exposure to the risk of contamination by infectious agents.

RESUMEN Objetivo: realizar la traducción y adaptación transcultural del instrumento Risk assessment and management of exposure of healthcare workers in the context of COVID-19. Método: estudio metodológico en el que se desarrollaron las siguientes etapas: traducción, retrotraducción, síntesis, evaluación a cargo de un comité de expertos y prueba previa (pre-test). Se invitó a los participantes a través de medios electrónicos para que respondieran un formulario en línea. Los datos se recolectaron entre junio y septiembre de 2020. La validación del contenido a cargo del comité de expertos se verificó por medio del Índice de Validez del Contenido. Los participantes de la prueba previa evaluaron la aplicabilidad del instrumento por medio del cuestionario "Evaluación de la Viabilidad de Instrumentos". Resultados: los participantes del estudio fueron cuatro traductores, ocho evaluadores en el comité de expertos y 35 profesionales que respondieron la prueba previa. Las modificaciones sugeridas por el comité de expertos fueron acatadas y se llegó a un consenso en dos evaluaciones, obteniéndose un Índice de Validez del Contenido superior a 0,80 para todos los ítems del instrumento. La versión de la prueba previa presentó buena aplicabilidad y confiabilidad satisfactoria (0,76). Conclusión: el instrumento fue adaptado para su uso en Brasil, lo que permitirá realizar una comparación internacional de los resultados y emplear los datos obtenidos con fines de evaluación y toma de decisiones en relación con la salud de los trabajadores. Además, se podrá expandir su utilización para evaluar otras situaciones de exposición de profesionales de la salud al riesgo de contaminación a raíz de agentes infecciosos.

RESUMO Objetivo: realizar a tradução e a adaptação transcultural do Risk assessment and management of exposure of healthcare workers in the context of COVID-19. Método: trata-se de estudo metodológico. Foram seguidas as etapas de tradução, retrotradução, síntese, avaliação por comitê de juízes e pré-teste. Os participantes foram convidados por meio eletrônico e responderam um formulário on-line. Os dados foram coletados entre junho e setembro de 2020. A validação de conteúdo pelo comitê de juízes foi verificada por meio do índice de validade de conteúdo. Os participantes do pré-teste avaliaram a aplicabilidade do instrumento por meio do questionário "Avaliação da Praticabilidade de Instrumentos". Resultados: participaram do estudo quatro tradutores, oito avaliadores no comitê de juízes e 35 profissionais responderam ao pré-teste. As modificações sugeridas pelo comitê de juízes foram acatadas e o consenso atingido em duas avaliações, obtendo índice de validade de conteúdo superior a 0,80 para todos os itens do instrumento. A versão pré-teste apresentou boa aplicabilidade e confiabilidade satisfatória (0,76). Conclusão: o instrumento foi adaptado para uso no Brasil, o que permitirá a comparação internacional dos resultados e o uso dos dados obtidos para a avaliação e tomada de decisão em relação à saúde do trabalhador. Além disso, seu uso poderá ser ampliado para avaliar outras situações de exposição de profissionais de saúde ao risco de contaminação por agentes infecciosos.

Humans , Risk Management , Occupational Risks , Occupational Health , Validation Study , Personal Protective Equipment
Revista Cubana de Estomatologia ; 58(3), 2021.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1589918


Introduction: COVID-19 pandemic has impacted in different scopes of higher education, that is why is necessary to generate researches that contribute with evidences on this topic. Aim: To validate a scale for evaluating the Cuban dental students' perceptions on the possible academic impact of the COVID-19. Methods: Instrumental and cross-sectional study. Starting from a Spanish language instrument validated in Peruvian medical and other university students, the first step of the validation through the expert’s criteria was performed. After, a factorial exploratory analysis (FEA), by not pondered minima squares, was performed and the internal consistency was measured through Alpha of Cronbach. Results: 159 students were suitable for analysis;60.38 % were men and the mean age was 21.86 years. All items were evaluated in a favorable way by the expert’s criteria. From the initial scale, the preliminary analysis suggested to eliminate the item 6. The relevance of the FEA was justified with the KMO index (0.801) and Bartlett's test (344.8;gl=15;p=0.000) being acceptable and significant. An Alpha of Cronbach's coefficient of 0.915 with a 95% confidence interval of 0.90-0.91 was obtained;indicating that the consistency of the instrument is good. Conclusions: A single factor scale measuring Cuban dental students' perception of the possible academic impact of the COVID-19 was validated. © 2021, Editorial Ciencias Medicas. All rights reserved.

Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 768467, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1555763


Coronavirus disease-2019, also known as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), was a disaster in 2020. Accurate and early diagnosis of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is still essential for health policymaking. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) has been performed as the operational gold standard for COVID-19 diagnosis. We aimed to design and implement a reliable COVID-19 diagnosis method to provide the risk of infection using demographics, symptoms and signs, blood markers, and family history of diseases to have excellent agreement with the results obtained by the RT-PCR and CT-scan. Our study primarily used sample data from a 1-year hospital-based prospective COVID-19 open-cohort, the Khorshid COVID Cohort (KCC) study. A sample of 634 patients with COVID-19 and 118 patients with pneumonia with similar characteristics whose RT-PCR and chest CT scan were negative (as the control group) (dataset 1) was used to design the system and for internal validation. Two other online datasets, namely, some symptoms (dataset 2) and blood tests (dataset 3), were also analyzed. A combination of one-hot encoding, stability feature selection, over-sampling, and an ensemble classifier was used. Ten-fold stratified cross-validation was performed. In addition to gender and symptom duration, signs and symptoms, blood biomarkers, and comorbidities were selected. Performance indices of the cross-validated confusion matrix for dataset 1 were as follows: sensitivity of 96% [confidence interval, CI, 95%: 94-98], specificity of 95% [90-99], positive predictive value (PPV) of 99% [98-100], negative predictive value (NPV) of 82% [76-89], diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) of 496 [198-1,245], area under the ROC (AUC) of 0.96 [0.94-0.97], Matthews Correlation Coefficient (MCC) of 0.87 [0.85-0.88], accuracy of 96% [94-98], and Cohen's Kappa of 0.86 [0.81-0.91]. The proposed algorithm showed excellent diagnosis accuracy and class-labeling agreement, and fair discriminant power. The AUC on the datasets 2 and 3 was 0.97 [0.96-0.98] and 0.92 [0.91-0.94], respectively. The most important feature was white blood cell count, shortness of breath, and C-reactive protein for datasets 1, 2, and 3, respectively. The proposed algorithm is, thus, a promising COVID-19 diagnosis method, which could be an amendment to simple blood tests and screening of symptoms. However, the RT-PCR and chest CT-scan, performed as the gold standard, are not 100% accurate.

Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 18(22)2021 11 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1534044


BACKGROUND: Medication adherence is essential for optimal treatment outcomes in patients with chronic diseases. Medication nonadherence compromises patient clinical outcomes and patient safety as well as leading to an increase in unnecessary direct and indirect medical costs. Therefore, early identification of non-adherence by healthcare professionals using medication adherence scales should help in preventing poor clinical outcomes among patients with chronic health conditions, such as diabetes and hypertension. Unfortunately, there are very few validated medication adherence assessment scales in Arabic. Thus, the aim of this study was to validate a newly translated Arabic version of the Self-Efficacy for Appropriate Medication Use Scale (SEAMS) among patients with chronic diseases. METHODS: In this single-center cross-sectional study that was conducted between March 2019 and March 2021 at the primary care clinics of King Saud University Medical City (KSUMC) in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, the English version of SEAMS was translated to Arabic using the forward-backward method and piloted among 22 adults (≥18 yrs.) with chronic diseases. The reliability of the newly translated scale was examined using the test-retest and Cronbach's alpha methods. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to examine the construct validity of the Arabic version of SEAMS. RESULTS: The number of patients who consented to participate and filled out the questionnaire was 202. Most of the participants were males (69.9%), aged ≥50 years (65.2%), and had diabetes (96.53%). The 13-item Arabic-translated SEAMS mean score was 32.37 ± 5.31, and the scale showed acceptable internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.886) and reliability (Intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.98). Total variance of the 13-item Arabic-SEAMS could be explained by two factors as confirmed by the factor analysis. CONCLUSION: The Arabic version of SEAMS should help in detecting poor self-efficacy for medication adherence among Arabic-speaking patient populations with chronic diseases, such as diabetes and hypertension. Future studies should examine its validity among more diverse patient populations in different Arabic-speaking countries.

Self Efficacy , Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Humans , Male , Psychometrics , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(8): 3255-3264, ago. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1352737


Resumo O presente estudo teve como objetivo analisar evidências de validade de uma versão brasileira da Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S), com base em indicadores concernentes: (1) à estrutura interna; (2) à consistência interna; (3) à relação com variáveis externas; e (4) ao conteúdo. Procedeu-se a adaptação cultural do instrumento, com foco em aspectos semânticos e linguísticos próprios do Brasil. A seguir, esta versão brasileira da FCV-19S foi aplicada, em um ambiente virtual, em 211 participantes (72,98% do sexo feminino), com idade média de 37,07 anos (DP=13,03), juntamente com o Questionário de Autopercepção de Saúde Mental em Pandemia e o Questionário Sociodemográfico e Funcional. A análise fatorial confirmatória atestou unidimensionalidade. Os índices de consistência interna obtidos (alfa de Cronbach =0,921; ômega de McDonald =0,926) podem ser considerados elevados. Constatou-se correlação estatisticamente significativa entre medo e pensamento obsessivo, ansiedade generalizada, estresse generalizado, comportamento fóbico-evitativo e vivência de luto pela pandemia. As evidências de validade relativas ao conteúdo, oriundas de uma abordagem qualitativa, foram satisfatórias. Conclui-se que esta versão brasileira da FCV-19S mostrou-se adequada quanto às evidências de validade contempladas.

Abstract This study sought to analyze the evidence of the validity of a Brazilian version of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S), based on indicators relating to: (1) the internal structure; (2) the internal consistency; (3) the relation with external variables; and (4) the content. The instrument was culturally adapted, focusing on semantic and specifically Brazilian linguistic aspects. The Brazilian version of the FCV-19S was then applied, in a virtual environment, to 211 participants (72.98% female) with an average age of 37.07 years (SD=13.03), together with the Self-Perception Questionnaire on Mental Health in Pandemics and the Sociodemographic and Functional Questionnaire. The confirmatory factor analysis revealed one-dimensionality. The internal consistency indices obtained (Cronbach's alpha =0.921; McDonald's omega =0.926) can be considered high. The correlation between fear and obsessive thinking of the disease, generalized anxiety, generalized stress, phobic-avoidant behavior and bereavement due to the pandemic was found to be statistically significant. Evidence of the validity related to content, derived from a qualitative approach, were satisfactory. The conclusion drawn is that the Brazilian version of the FCV-19S proved to be adequate regarding the evidence of the expected validity.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , COVID-19 , Psychometrics , Reproducibility of Results , Fear , SARS-CoV-2
Rev. bras. enferm ; 74(supl.1): e20201045, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1270957


ABSTRACT Objective: to construct and validate educational technology on COVID-19 and essential care for families of children/adolescents with sickle cell disease. Methods: this is a methodological study, in three stages: 1) elaborated educational technology, using the Doak, Doak and Root theoretical-methodological model; 2) content and appearance validation by the content validity coefficient. Delphi technique was applied in two rounds (Delphi I [12 judges]/Delphi II [11 judges]); 3) conducting a pilot test with six families. Results: "Sickle cell disease and COVID-19: essential care" included: consequences of COVID-19 in sickle cell disease, guidelines for reducing the risks of contracting the virus and having complications, signs and symptoms of COVID-19, guidelines in case of child/adolescent with suspicion or symptoms of COVID-19. Global content validity coefficient (Delphi II): 0.98. Conclusion: educational technology presented content and appearance validity for families of children/adolescents with sickle cell disease, related to COVID-19.

RESUMEN Objetivo: construir y validar tecnología educativa sobre COVID-19 y cuidados esenciales para familias de niños/adolescentes con anemia falciforme. Métodos: estudio metodológico, en tres etapas: 1) tecnología educativa elaborada, utilizando el modelo teórico-metodológico de Doak, Doak y Root; 2) validación de contenido y apariencia por el coeficiente de validez de contenido. La técnica Delphi se aplicó en dos rondas (Delphi I [12 jueces]/Delphi II [11 jueces]); 3) realización de una prueba piloto con seis familias. Resultados: la tecnología educativa "Enfermedad de células falciformes y COVID-19: cuidados esenciales" incluyó: consecuencias de COVID-19 en la enfermedad de células falciformes, directrices para reducir los riesgos de contraer el virus y complicaciones, signos y síntomas de COVID-19, directrices en caso de un niño/adolescente con sospecha o síntomas de COVID-19. Coeficiente de validez de contenido global (Delphi II): 0,98. Conclusión: la tecnología educativa presentó validez de contenido y apariencia para familias de niños/adolescentes con anemia falciforme, relacionada con COVID-19.

RESUMO Objetivo: construir e validar tecnologia educativa sobre COVID-19 e os cuidados essenciais para famílias de crianças/adolescentes com doença falciforme. Métodos: estudo metodológico, em três etapas: 1) elaborado tecnologia educativa, utilizando modelo teórico-metodológico de Doak, Doak e Root; 2) validação de conteúdo e aparência pelo coeficiente de validade de conteúdo. Executou-se técnica de Delphi em duas rodadas (Delphi I [12 juízes] /Delphi II [11 juízes]); 3) realização de teste piloto com seis famílias. Resultados: a tecnologia educativa "Doença falciforme e COVID-19: cuidados essenciais" contemplou: consequências da COVID-19 na doença falciforme, orientações para reduzir os riscos de contrair o vírus e ter complicações, sinais e sintomas da COVID-19, orientações em caso de criança/adolescente com suspeita ou sintomas da COVID-19. Coeficiente de validade de conteúdo global (Delphi II): 0,98. Conclusão: a tecnologia educativa apresentou validade de conteúdo e aparência para famílias de crianças/adolescentes com doença falciforme, relacionada à COVID-19.

Omega (Westport) ; : 302228211016216, 2021 May 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1232389


The study aimed to perform confirmatory factor analysis, internal consistency, gender differential item functioning, and discriminant validity of the Fear of COVID-5 Scale in emerging adult students of a university in Mexico. Confirmatory factor analysis, internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha and McDonald's omega), and gender differential item functioning were estimated (Kendall tau b correlation). The Fear of COVID-5 Scale showed a one-dimension structure (RMSEA = 0.07, CFI = 0.98, TLI = 0.96, and SRMR = 0.02), with high internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha of 0.78 and McDonald's omega of 0.81), non-gender differential item functioning (Kendall tau b between 0.07 and 0.10), and significant discriminant validity (Higher scores for fear of COVID-19 were observed in high clinical anxiety levels). In conclusion, the Fear of COVID-5 Scale presents a clear one-dimension structure similar to a previous study.

Rev. neuropsiquiatr ; 83(4): 228-235, oct-dic 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1146552


RESUMEN Objetivo: Efectuar una validación de contenido por expertos del Índice de Distrés Peri-traumático relacionado a COVID-19 (CPDI) para su uso en el Perú. Material y Métodos: El CPDI fue traducido al castellano y luego adaptado en una primera ronda de expertos. En una segunda ronda (n = 13), se evaluó la validez del contenido mediante el uso de la V de Aiken (V). Se calculó la V para cada ítem, así como para el instrumento en su conjunto (VTOT). Resultados : De los 24 ítems originales, solo un ítem (S7) presentó valores no significativos para validez de contenido, razón por la que fue eliminado. La escala con 23 ítems no presentó alteraciones en el cálculo de la VTOT. Conclusiones : Sobre la base de su validez de contenido, el CPDI en castellano es adecuado para su aplicación en la población peruana. Quedan por definirse las características psicométricas así como la modificación propuesta del instrumento, mediante estudios cuantitativos en torno a la validez del constructo.

SUMMARY Objectives : To perform an expert validation study of COVID-19 Peritraumatic Distress Index (CPDI) for its eventual use in Perú. Material and Methods: In a first round by experts, the CPDI was translated into Spanish and then adapted. In a second round, (n = 13), the content validity was evaluated by using Aiken's V (V). The V was calculated for each item, as well as for the whole instrument (VTOT). Results : Of the 24 original items, only one (S7) presented non-significant values for content validity, reason for which it was removed. The final 23-items scale did not present any alterations for the VTOT calculation. Conclusions : On the basis of its adequate content validity, the Spanish version of CPDI is suitable for its application in the Peruvian population. The psychometric characteristics of the instrument, as well as its proposed modification remain to be defined through quantitative studies of the construct validity.

Int J Ment Health Addict ; 20(2): 1122-1129, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1014195


The Fear COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) is a tool that assesses fears related to COVID-19. The objective was to know the validity and reliability of the FCV-19S in Colombian physicians. Five hundred thirty-one physicians aged between 21 and 69 years participated (M = 30.0, SD = 9.4). Internal consistency was estimated with Kuder-Richardson and McDonald's omega coefficients. The one-dimensional structure was corroborated with confirmatory factor analysis and goodness of fit coefficients. The FCV-19S showed Kuder-Richardson's coefficient of 0.16 and McDonald's omega of 0.42. The five-item version (FCV-19S-5), without items 3 and 7, showed Kuder-Richardson's coefficient of 0.67 and McDonald's omega of 0.68. In conclusion, the FCV-19S presented a poor psychometric performance in Colombian doctors, and the FCV-19S-5 showed acceptable internal consistency and dimensionality.

Enferm Intensiva (Engl Ed) ; 31(3): 131-146, 2020.
Article in English, Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-822218


OBJECTIVE: To adapt the ICU Mobility Scale (IMS) to the area of intensive care units (ICU) in Spain and to evaluate the metric properties of the Spanish version of the IMS (IMS-Es). METHOD: Descriptive metric study developed in two phases. Phase 1, adaptation to Spanish of the IMS by a team of nurses and physiotherapists (translation, pilot, backtranslation and agreement). Phase 2, analysis of metric properties (convergent, divergent and predictive validity, interobserver reliability, sensitivity and minimum important difference) of the IMS-Es. Patient characteristics (Barthel, Charlson, BMI, sex), sedation/agitation level (RASS), ICU and hospital stays, survival, quality of life (SF-12), muscle weakness (MRC-SS) and mobility (IMS-Es) were recorded in the patients of the MOviPre national multicentre study. RESULTS: After obtaining the IMS-Es, it was implemented in 645 patients from 80 Spanish ICUs between April and June 2017. Convergent validity: moderate correlation between IMS-Es and MRC-SS (r=.389; P<.001) and significant comparison between groups with and without ICU-acquired weakness (P<.001). Divergent validity: no correlation between IMS-Es and BMI [r (95%CI): -.112 (-.232 to .011)], weight [r (95%CI): -.098 (-.219 to .026)], Charlson [r (95%CI): -.122 (-.242 to .001)] and Barthel [r(95%CI): -.037 (-.160 to .087)] and no differences between sexes (P=.587) or BMI categories (P=.412). Predictive validity: moderate and significant correlations with post-ICU hospital stay [r (95%CI): -.442 (-.502 to -.377)] and physical component of SF-12 (PCS) [r (95%CI): .318 (.063 to .534)]; patients without active mobilisation in ICU increased risk of hospital mortality [OR (95%CI): 3.769 (1.428 to 9.947)]. Interobserver reliability: very good concordance between nurses [CCI (95%CI): .987 (.983 to .990)] and nurse-physiotherapist [CCI (95%CI): .963 (.948 to .974)]. Sensitivity to change: small effect on discharge from ICU (d=.273) and moderate effect at 3months after hospital discharge (d=.709). Minimal important difference: 2-point difference cut-off point, 91.1% sensitivity and 100.0% specificity. CONCLUSIONS: The IMS-Es is useful, valid and reliable for implementation by ICU nurses and physiotherapists in assessing the mobility of critical patients.

Early Ambulation , Intensive Care Units , Aged , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Spain , Translations
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(7): 2633-2643, Jul. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-830821


Resumo A obesidade e seus determinantes são foco de amplas pesquisas, dentre tais determinantes, encontra-se o apetite emocional, definido como a tendência a comer em excesso em reposta às emoções negativas. Alguns instrumentos foram criados para mensurar esse constructo, dentre eles o "Emotional Appetite Questionnaire" (EMAQ). O objetivo deste estudo foi realizar adaptação transcultural e avaliação de propriedades psicométricas do EMAQ em mulheres de língua portuguesa. Realizou-se uma pesquisa com 450 mulheres, mediante a adaptação transcultural e avaliação de propriedades psicométricas do instrumento (validade e confiabilidade). A consistência interna do instrumento foi medida pelo Alfa de Cronbach e a estabilidade foi feita por meio do teste-reteste. O instrumento demonstrou boa consistência interna e correlação intraclasse. As entrevistadas não referiram alteração do consumo alimentar frente às emoções e situações positivas. Houve tendência a redução do apetite emocional quando submetidas a emoções e situações negativas. O Questionário de Apetite Emocional (QUEAPEM) apresentou-se como um instrumento confiável, de fácil aplicação e administração, para avaliação do apetite emocional na língua portuguesa.

Abstract Obesity and its determinants have been the topic of broad research. Emotional appetite, defined as the tendency to overeat in response to negative emotions, is among these determinants. Some instruments were created to measure this construct, the Emotional Appetite Questionnaire (EMAQ) being one of them. The objective of this study was to perform cross-cultural adaptation and evaluation of psychometric properties of EMAQ among Portuguese-speaking women. Methodological research was carried out by translation, back-translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the instrument. A study was conducted with 450 women, through cross-cultural adaptation and evaluation of the instrument's psychometric properties (validity and reliability). The internal consistency of the instrument was measured using Cronbach's Alpha and stability was checked by means of test-retest. The instrument showed good internal consistency and intraclass correlation. The interviewees did not mention changes in food consumption linked to positive emotions and situations. There was a tendency towards reduction in emotional appetite when subjected to negative emotions and situations. The Portuguese EMAQ (QUEAPEM) was considered a reliable instrument, easy to apply and administer, to assess emotional appetite in the Portuguese language.

Cross-Cultural Comparison , Language , Appetite , Portugal , Psychometrics , Translations , Brazil , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Emotions