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1.
Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 2022 Oct 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2048310

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The present study aimed to assess whether there was an increase in physical aggression in women treated in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, through the mandatory quarantine. METHODS: Data from a cross-sectional study were collected and analyzed, from March 1 to December 31, 2020. Additionally, data from the same period the previous year were collected for comparison. RESULTS: Of the etiologies reviewed for 2020, physical aggression had the highest percentage increase (+ 4.9%) and was the only etiology that showed a significant difference (p = 0.045). The mean age of the included patients was 34.05 years in 2019 and 33.97 in 2020, and most of the women had facial fractures, with nasal fractures being the most frequent, followed by jaw fractures. There was a significant increase (p = 0.34) in the conservative treatment of fractures from 2019 (48.6%) to 2020 (71.7%) and a minor (p = 0.088) increase in aggression toward intimate partners (2019, 40.9%; 2020, 63.9%). CONCLUSION: Physical aggression against women increased during the period of mandatory social isolation that resulted from the COVID-19 pandemic. Health professionals, including emergency services professionals, must be trained to identify victims and refer them to specialized care.

2.
American Quarterly ; 74(3):783-789, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2046596

ABSTRACT

As the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe filed suit against the federal government for using coercive measures to disassemble their COVID-19 checkpoints, Indian Country at large celebrated a landmark legal win for tribal sovereignty. The first case study concerns the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe's and the Oglala Sioux Tribe's establishment of highway checkpoints in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and the South Dakota government's attempt to infringe on these measures. The national borders of the United States demarcate the reaches of the nation as a settler colonial superpower and attest to the chaos of empire. [Extracted from the article] Copyright of American Quarterly is the property of Johns Hopkins University Press and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

3.
13th International Conference on Computer Supported Education, CSEDU 2021 ; 1:425-436, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2045307

ABSTRACT

The Covid-19 world pandemic and the ensuing closure of schools has resulted in unprecedented emergency remote teaching. In teaching-learning settings in Northeastern Brazil, teachers often face challenges when they try to use innovative pedagogical approaches and introduce innovative technologies to transform students into agents of change in our culturally diverse world through the application of learning. Such challenges were augmented further with the pandemic as the forced systemic use of these technologies was no longer a pedagogical choice but was quickly turned into the general rule for all educators – even those who were not familiar with these technologies. In addition, pandemic traumas such as domestic confinement, social isolation, fear, uncertainty, and anxiety about the future, weakened the emotional health of everyone involved in education by reducing or sometimes even paralyzing the creative processes essential to learning. The result of this new condition was a tangible increase in dropout rates, poor school performance and low self-esteem for teachers and students alike. Home confinement also increased domestic violence, including child abuse and particularly, violence against women. This paper presents a serious game, called Despandemia, for building libraries of interactive gamified books and ubiquitous reading communities. The game is accessible by cell phone and based on the humanistic performative attitude of a teacher-reader in collaborative projects of online socio-cultural entrepreneurship. Despandemia was used and evaluated by 119 students of an “Introduction to Computer Science” course, in which participants considered violence against women as a predominant theme of the pandemic. Results indicate that the game has a positive influence on 1) decreasing course dropout;2) improving learning performance;and 3) creating connected communities of readers to prevent violence against women. Copyright © 2021 by SCITEPRESS – Science and Technology Publications, Lda. All rights reserved

4.
Biomedica ; 42(3): 492-507, 2022 09 02.
Article in English, Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2040363

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Sexual violence is a public health problem included in political and social agendas worldwide. It is a medical emergency seen in health services, which are the main source of record-keeping by means of public health surveillance systems. Objective: To analyze the sociodemographic characteristics of victims of sex offenses and their offenders in the municipality of Envigado, Antioquia, between 2011 and 2020. Materials and methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study that analyzed all the sexual violence records reported in the Envigado Public Health Surveillance System for gender and intrafamilial violence (file code INS-875) during the 2011-2020 period. Results: A total of 807 cases of sexual violence were recorded between 2011 and 2020; 62.0% were cases of sexual abuse against persons under 18 years of age, and 82.3% of the victims were adolescent women suffering sexual violence exerted by relatives. The main aggressors were men (99.1%) with a median age of 26 years. Conclusion: Sexual violence has increased over time and in 2020, the year of population confinement due to COVID-19, the rates in women and in the life courses of early childhood, adolescence, and youth were the highest during the study period.


Introducción. La violencia sexual es un problema de salud pública inscrito en las agendas sociales y políticas a nivel global. Representa una urgencia médica que se atiende en los servicios de salud, lo que los convierte en la principal fuente de su registro en los sistemas de vigilancia en salud pública. Objetivo. Analizar las características sociodemográficas de las víctimas de violencia sexual y de sus victimarios en el municipio de Envigado, Antioquia, entre el 2011 y el 2020. Materiales y métodos. Se hizo un estudio transversal descriptivo a partir de todos los registros de violencia sexual notificados en el Sistema de Vigilancia en Salud Pública de la violencia de género e intrafamiliar de Envigado (código de ficha INS-875), durante el periodo 2011-2020. Resultados. Se registraron 807 casos de violencia sexual entre 2011 y 2020; el 62,0 % correspondió a casos de abuso sexual a personas menores de 18 años; el 82,3 % de las víctimas estaba constituido por mujeres adolescentes agredidas por familiares; los principales agresores fueron hombres (99,1 %), con una mediana de edad 26 años. Conclusión. La violencia sexual es un problema en aumento; en el 2020, año del confinamiento poblacional por la Covid-19, las tasas en mujeres y durante la primera infancia, la adolescencia y la juventud, fueron las más altas del periodo de estudio.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Criminals , Sex Offenses , Adolescent , Adult , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/epidemiology , Child, Preschool , Colombia/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male
5.
Estudos Feministas ; 30(2), 2022.
Article in Portuguese | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2039504

ABSTRACT

No artigo, apresenta-se experiências de três projetos de extensão realizados em universidades brasileiras, e debate em torno da “reinvenção” da atuação universitária durante a pandemia da COVID-19 em atividades de extensão relacionadas à violência contra mulheres. O direito de acesso à justiça pelas mulheres foi consideravelmente atingido pela dificuldade de acesso às tecnologias de informação e comunicação. Embora com as limitações das condições de trabalho remoto e adaptação às dinâmicas de atendimento virtual, os projetos se firmaram como importantes interlocutores, proporcionando às mulheres, respeitadas a autonomia e capacidade decisória, ambiente de acolhimento e escuta pautado na lógica feminista de intervenção e assessoramento.Alternate : The article presents experiences from three extension projects carried out in Brazilian universities, and discusses the “reinvention” of university performance during the COVID-19 pandemic in extension activities related to violence against women. The right of access to justice for women was considerably affected by the difficulty of accessing information and communication technologies. Despite the limitations of remote working conditions and adaptation to the dynamics of virtual service, the projects have established themselves as important interlocutors, providing women, with respect for autonomy and decision-making capacity, a welcoming environment based on the feminist logic of interventionAlternate : El artículo presenta experiencias de tres proyectos de extensión realizados en universidades brasileñas y discute la “reinvención” del desempeño universitario durante la pandemia de COVID-19 en actividades de extensión relacionadas con la violencia contra la mujer. El derecho de acceso a la justicia de las mujeres se vio afectado considerablemente por la dificultad de acceso a las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación. A pesar de las limitaciones de las condiciones de trabajo remoto y la adaptación a la dinámica del servicio virtual, los proyectos se han consolidado como interlocutores importantes, brindando a las mujeres, con respeto a la autonomía y capacidad de decisión, un ambiente acogedor y de escucha basado en la lógica feminista de intervención

6.
Metas de Enfermeria ; 25(5):23-32, 2022.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2026659

ABSTRACT

Objectives: todescribethe gender-basedviolence (GBV)scenario during the COVID-19 pandemic in European Union countries and theUnitedStates: describingtheincidenceofGBV, identifyingthe risk factors exacerbated, detecting the consequences of the pandemic in women, learning about plans ofaction anddetection for GBV, and understanding the view by the healthcare staff. Method: a narrative review through search in the PubMed, CINAHL, Cuiden and Cochrane databases. The study included results regarding violence against women associated with the COVID-19 pandemic, and with study populations from Europe or the United States. Data from the statistical website of the Ministry for Equality of the Government of Spain were also included. Opinion articles were excluded. Results: in total, 179 results were retrieved, and 24 of these were finally analysed. The incidence of GBV increased by 10.2-59%, andthere was an increase in the number oftelephone and online consultations up to 182.93% in Spain. Lockdown at home has exacerbatedthe risk factors for GBVsuchas isolation and control, and there has been a negative impact on the mental health of women, as well as on their employment rate. Interventions for detecting GBV have been implemented in many countries, although healthcare professionals state that they findit difficult to dealwiththe victims both personally, due to the protection equipment, as by video-consultation or phone call, due to the lack of non-verbal treatment. Conclusions: the COVID-19 pandemic facilitated an increase in GBV by increasing the constant control by the aggressor and the lack of community resources. © 2022 DAE Editorial, Grupo Paradigma. All rights reserved.

7.
American Journal of Public Health ; 112(9):1333-1336, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2022192

ABSTRACT

Objectives. To estimate the national pregnancy-associated homicide rate in 2020 and to characterize patterns of victimization. Methods. Using a retrospective analysis of the 2020 US national mortality file, I identified all homicides of women who were pregnant or within 1 year of the end of pregnancy. Descriptive statistics characterized these victims, and I calculated annual pregnancy-associated homicide rates (deaths per 100 000 live births) for comparisons with 2018 and 2019. I estimated the added risk conferred by pregnancy in 2020 by comparing the pregnancy-associated homicide rate to homicide in the nonpregnant, nonpostpartum population of females aged 10 to 44 years. Results. There were 5.23 pregnancy-associated homicides per 100 000 live births in 2020, a notable increase from previous years. Rates were highest among adolescents and non-Hispanic Black women. Eighty percent of incidents involved firearms. The risk of homicide was 35% greater for pregnant and postpartum women than for their nonpregnant, nonpostpartum counterparts, who did not experience as large an increase from previous years. Conclusions. Pregnancy-associated homicide substantially increased in 2020. Public Health Implications. Policies to address domestic and community violence against women are urgently needed. (AmJ Public Health. 2022;112(9):1333-1336. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2022.306937)

8.
Journal of International Women's Studies ; 24(4):1-13, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2010729

ABSTRACT

This article attempts to delve into the multiple forms of violence experienced by South African women, within the theoretical framework of the ecological model of abuse proposed by Lori L. Heise (1998). The objective of the article is to explore how the communitarian dimension of ubuntu is absent when the womenfolk is in question. Their existence itself appears to be insignificant compared to their counterparts. Ubuntu cannot be lived or practiced while some are excluded from this concept. Gender inequality and inequitable status of existence cannot be part of ubuntu, as "I am, because you are" or the meaning of ubuntu cannot be fully experienced in such unbalanced circumstances. The violence against women by members of the same community and family is quite alarming. It is evident in such instances that women are commodified for the benefit of men due to their patriarchal nature. The subtle ways in which patriarchy operates, silence women and make them incapable of standing for their rights or resisting the oppression. The article thus discusses the oppressive social systems that exist in South Africa and their implications for the practical living of ubuntu.

9.
J Interpers Violence ; 37(13-14): NP12284-NP12309, 2022 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2002030

ABSTRACT

The objectives of this study were to correlate several factors - including depression, anxiety, stress and self-esteem levels in both men and women - with the occurrence of domestic violence against women (VAW) during quarantine. This cross-sectional study was carried out in April 2020, in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic when lockdown procedures were implemented; 86 married couples participated in this study amounting to 172 responses in total. A different questionnaire was set for women and men; the couple filled out their respective questionnaire simultaneously, but privately where one did not see the answers of the other. Inclusion criteria included married couples of all ages that are living together during the lockdown of COVID-19. The results of this study showed that a higher total abuse score was found in 39 females (45.3%; CI: 0.34 - 0.56). Being a Muslim female (Beta =24.80) and females having higher anxiety (Beta=0.97) were significantly associated with higher total abuse scores, whereas higher stress score in female (Beta=-0.61) was significantly associated with lower total abuse scores. In conclusion, this study focuses on VAW as a serious problem while demonstrating its further emergence during quarantine. This study also focused on the effects brought on by lockdown policies, including social and economic factors, and their implications in the increase of VAW during this pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , COVID-19/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Pandemics , Quarantine
10.
Journal of Community Medicine and Primary Health Care ; 34:117-130, 2022.
Article in English | Africa Wide Information | ID: covidwho-1970202

ABSTRACT

AJOL : Background:Violence against women is a major public health challenge particularly in the developing countries. During the COVID-19 pandemic, varied rising incidence of domestic violence against women were reported. This study determined the one-year prevalence of domestic violence against women during the COVID-19 pandemic in an urban community in Southern Nigeria.Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. Multistage sampling technique was utilized in recruiting 616 female respondents from an urban community in Benin City, Nigeria. Structured intervieweradministered questionnaire was the tool for data collection. The questionnaire was adapted from the 2018 Nigeria Demographic Health Survey and the 2006 World Health Organization multi-country survey tool. Data analysis was done using IBM-SPSS version 25.Results: More than a third of the women 221 (35.9%) had been victims of domestic violence in the last one year of the COVID-19 pandemic. The types of domestic violence experienced by the women included: psychological 120 (54.3%), physical 68 (30.8%), sexual 38 (17.2%) and economic 36 (16.3%). Husbands 52 (76.5%) and boyfriends 39 (57.4%) of the victims were the most frequent perpetrators of physical violence.Conclusion: The study revealed a high one-year prevalence of violence against women in the community during the COVID-19 pandemic. Psychological and physical violence were most prevalent and were perpetrated mainly by intimate partners of the women. The social media can be utilized routinely to educate the masses about violence against women. Also, men should be engaged in the prevention of domestic violence programmes through education workshops

11.
Cyprus Review ; 33(1):229-257, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1958173

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has led to an abrupt change in the time spent self-isolated in our domestic residence. The introduction of self-isolation or lockdown measures have increased domestic violence significantly. The Republic of Cyprus has implemented stay-at-home measures which saw a rise of approximately 30% of domestic violence incidences. It is thus of outmost importance to acknowledge the long-standing pandemic which was once again unearthed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Bearing in mind the above, the current paper will identify and analyse the international, regional, and national legal framework which aims at preventing, protecting, and combating domestic violence. The terrifying increase of domestic violence during the pandemic has showed an increased demand in empowering women, mothers and children by spreading aware-ness with regard to the tool-box available for the prevention, protection, and combat against domestic violence. © 2021, University of Nicosia. All rights reserved.

12.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 1175, 2022 06 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1951152

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Violence against women (VAW) is a major public health problem that grew worse during the COVID-19 pandemic. While all services were impacted by changing pandemic guidance, VAW shelters, as congregate settings with multiple funders and regulators, faced unique challenges. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative analysis of interviews with 26 women's shelter staff and eight women accessing care, as well as 10 focus groups (five each at two time points approximately a year apart) involving 24 leaders from VAW and related services in Ontario, Canada. RESULTS: We identified eight overlapping themes specific to government and public health COVID-19 regulations and their application in women's shelters. Overall, inconsistency or lack of clarity in rules, and how they were communicated, caused significant stress for women using, and staff providing, services. Staff and leaders were very concerned about rules that isolated women or replicated other aspects of abusive relationships. Women wanted to understand what options were available and what was expected of them and their children in these spaces. Leaders sought clarity and consistency from their various government funders, and from public health authorities, in the face of ever-evolving directives. As in the broader public, there was often the perception that the rules did not apply equally to everyone, for example, for women of colour using VAW services, or those whose first language was not English. CONCLUSIONS: In the absence of consistent pandemic guidance and how to implement it, many VAW services devised tailored solutions to balance safety from COVID-19 with women's physical and emotional safety from abuse and its impacts. However, this was difficult and exhausting. A key policy implication is that women's shelters are a distinct form of congregate housing; they are very different in terms of services provided, size, type and age of facilities from other congregate settings and this must be reflected in public health directives. Better communication and synchronization of policies among government funders and public health authorities, in consultation with VAW sector leaders, would mean protocols tailored to minimize harm to women and children while protecting health and safety.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , COVID-19/prevention & control , Child , Female , Humans , Ontario/epidemiology , Pandemics/prevention & control , Public Health , Violence
13.
RELIGACIÓN. Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades ; 6(27), 2021.
Article in Portuguese | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1955621

ABSTRACT

The objective of this paper is to analyze whether there was an increase or decrease in violence against women during the Sars-Cov-2 pandemic, known worldwide as Covid-19. The objective is to analyze the statistical data made available by the Federal Government of Brazil to verify the situation of violence against women in the country. Thus, through qualitative research, literature search, and document analysis for descriptive and exploratory purposes, as well as through the analysis of statistical data from the databases of the Ministry of Women, Family and Human Rights, it will be analyzed whether violence actually increased or decreased during the Covid-19 pandemic. However, it is clear that violence against women has increased significantly, although data for 2020 are not yet fully accounted for, suggesting that public policies to combat violence against women should be adjusted so that this situation can be reversed as soon as possible. It should also be noted that the 2020 data refer only to the first six months of 2020 and, despite this, manages to exceed some data for all of 2019. Therefore, it is essential that there is swift action by government agencies so that this escalation of violence decreases exponentially in order to preserve the right and life of many Brazilian women.Alternate :El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar si hubo un aumento o disminución de la violencia contra las mujeres durante la pandemia de Sars-Cov-2, conocida mundialmente como Covid-19. El objetivo es analizar los datos estadísticos puestos a disposición por el Gobierno Federal de Brasil para verificar la situación de la violencia contra las mujeres en el país. Así, a través de la investigación cualitativa, la búsqueda bibliográfica y el análisis documental con fines descriptivos y exploratorios, así como del análisis de los datos estadísticos de las bases de datos del Ministerio de la Mujer, la Familia y los Derechos Humanos, se analizará si la violencia realmente aumentó o disminuyó durante la pandemia de Covid-19. Sin embargo, es evidente que la violencia contra las mujeres ha aumentado significativamente, aunque los datos para el año 2020 aún no se contabilizan en su totalidad, lo que sugiere que las políticas públicas para combatir la violencia contra las mujeres deben ajustarse para que esta situación pueda revertirse lo antes posible. También hay que tener en cuenta que los datos de 2020 se refieren sólo a los primeros seis meses de 2020 y, a pesar de ello, consigue superar algunos datos de todo 2019. Por lo tanto, es esencial que haya una rápida acción por parte de los organismos gubernamentales para que esta escalada de violencia disminuya exponencialmente con el fin de preservar el derecho y la vida de muchas mujeres brasileñas.Alternate :O objetivo deste documento é analisar se houve aumento ou diminuição da violência contra as mulheres durante a pandemia de Sars-Cov-2, conhecida mundialmente como Covid-19. O objetivo é analisar os dados estatísticos disponibilizados pelo Governo Federal do Brasil para verificar a situação da violência contra a mulher no país. Assim, por meio de pesquisa qualitativa, pesquisa bibliográfica e análise documental para fins descritivos e exploratórios, bem como através da análise de dados estatísticos das bases de dados do Ministério da Mulher, Família e Direitos Humanos, será analisada se a violência realmente aumentou ou diminuiu durante a pandemia de Covid-19. Entretanto, é claro que a violência contra as mulheres aumentou significativamente, embora os dados para 2020 ainda não estejam totalmente contabilizados, sugerindo que as políticas públicas de combate à violência contra as mulheres precisam ser ajustadas para que esta situação possa ser revertida o mais rápido possível. Deve-se notar também que os dados de 2020 referem-se apenas aos primeiros seis meses de 2020 e, apesar disso, conseguem superar alguns dados para todo o ano de 2019. Portanto, é essencial que haja uma ação rápida dos órgãos governamen ais para que esta escalada de violência diminua exponencialmente a fim de preservar o direito e a vida de muitas mulheres brasileiras.

14.
J Fam Violence ; : 1-9, 2022 Apr 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1942332

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has had significant impacts on violence against women (VAW), including increased prevalence and severity, and on VAW service delivery. The purpose of this research was to study women's experiences with VAW services in the first stages of the pandemic and describe their fears and concerns. This cross-sectional study was conducted from May through October 2020. Our VAW agency partners across Ontario, Canada invited women using outreach services to participate in a study about their experiences during the pandemic. In total, 49 women from 9 agencies completed an online survey. Quantitative data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and open-ended responses are presented to supplement findings. Women's experiences with VAW services during the pandemic varied greatly; some found technology-facilitated services (phone, video, text) more accessible, while others hoped to return to in-person care. Over half of women reported poorer wellbeing, access to health care, and access to informal supports. Many women reported increased relationship-related fears, some due specifically to COVID-19 factors. Our results support providing a variety of technology-based options for women accessing VAW services when in-person care options are reduced. This research also adds to the scant literature examining how some perpetrators capitalized on the pandemic by using new COVID-19-specific forms of coercive control. Although the impacts of the pandemic on women varied, our findings highlight how layers of difficulty, such as less accessible formal and informal support, as well as increased fear - can compound to make life for women experiencing abuse exceptionally difficult.

15.
Violence Against Women ; 28(10): 2377-2397, 2022 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1933004

ABSTRACT

During the pandemic, neighbors can be potential allies to prevent intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW). Based on the reasoned action approach, we identified the predictors and the most relevant beliefs behind neighbors' intention to report to authorities that a woman is being victimized by IPVAW. A total of 352 Spanish participants completed a questionnaire. The regression analysis showed that perceived control and subjective norm were the best predictors of the intention (33% explained variance). Social media campaigns should target perceived inhibitors such as citizens' guilt for reporting ambiguous cases and close referents (friends and family) as prescribers of the helping behavior.


Subject(s)
Intention , Intimate Partner Violence , Female , Humans , Pandemics , Sexual Behavior , Sexual Partners
16.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(13)2022 06 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1917451

ABSTRACT

Experts and international organizations hypothesize that the number of cases of fatal intimate partner violence against women increased during the COVID-19 pandemic, primarily due to social distancing strategies and the implementation of lockdowns to reduce the spread of the virus. We described cases of attempted femicide and femicide in Chile before (January 2014 to February 2020) and during (March 2020 to June 2021) the pandemic. The attempted-femicide rate increased during the pandemic (incidence rate ratio: 1.22 [95% confidence interval: 1.04 to 1.43], p value: 0.016), while the rate of femicide cases remained unchanged. When a comparison between attempted-femicide and femicide cases was performed, being a foreigner, having an intimate partner relationship with a perpetrator aged 40 years or more, and the use of firearms during the assault were identified as factors associated independently with a higher probability of being a fatal victim in Chile. In conclusion, this study emphasizes that attempted femicide and femicide continued to occur frequently in family contexts both before and during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Intimate Partner Violence , COVID-19/epidemiology , Chile/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control , Female , Homicide , Humans , Pandemics
17.
Social Sciences-Basel ; 11(6):13, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1917713

ABSTRACT

The heavy economic, social, and psychological toll of pandemic lockdowns around the world and their disproportionate effect on women are widely acknowledged, but different socioeconomic backgrounds and contexts may influence the degree to which stay-at-home measures impact their lives. Additionally, knowing that violence against women tends to increase during times of crisis, we are testing if the additional burden of victimization represents an added load to the perceived social impacts of the lockdown. Using 2021 survey data from a random sample of 1541 Portuguese women, the paper explores, through logistic regression models, the social impact of the lockdown on the lives of women, its socioeconomic determinants, and the role played by violence against women during the pandemic. The results show that the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown did not equally affect all facets of women's social lives, and women with higher education status and that experienced income reductions due to the measures taken to control the pandemic are more prone to experience a more severe negative impact of the lockdown on the various facets of their lives. Additionally, having been a victim during the pandemic partially mediates the effect of education and income reduction on the social outcomes of the lockdown.

18.
African Journal of Gender, Society & Development ; 11(2):157-157–179, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1912666

ABSTRACT

The whole world has been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic that has held the health and livelihoods of people in its grip since 2020. In their initial response to the pandemic, governments throughout the world implemented social distancing restrictions, also referred to as lockdown, that required people to remain at home to prevent the spread of the virus. Intimate partner violence is a persistent challenge in South Africa and the COVID-19 crisis and lockdown measures have caused great concerns about their impact on women and domestic issues, especially those who reside with violent partners. This paper attempts to explore the impact of intimate partner violence on women during the COVID-19 lockdown period in South Africa. A qualitative method was used to collect data from previous studies, news reports, and two social media platforms. Due to COVID-19 restrictions, data from 2020 and 2021 data were collected from Facebook and Twitter. Keywords such as “gender-based violence”, “GBV during lockdown”, “intimate partner violence”, “abused women”, and hashtags with the words “stopkillingwomen”, “menaretrash”, “justiceforwomen”, and “GBV” were used to find information. To augment the findings of the study, data were also collected from reports by the government of South Africa that were issued since the beginning of lockdown in March 2020 as well as peer-reviewed scholarly articles. The findings showed that most victims of gender-based violence (GBV) lived with abusive partners during the lockdown. The Minister of Police supported the findings during a media briefing, mentioning that the number of gender-based violence complaints continued to remain high during lockdown. People on social media posted emotional messages about this topic and generally shared their anger that victims of GBV do not get justice as the perpetrators do not get sentenced. The study recommends that GBV in South Africa should be addressed more practically. Moreso, laws should be more rigorously enforced to bring perpetrators to book and to protect any potential female victims from any form of abuse, especially GBV.

19.
Soc Work Public Health ; : 1-11, 2022 Jun 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1908654

ABSTRACT

This study aims to compare the depression levels and the frequency of domestic violence cases with the parameters that can alter those levels and frequencies. Studies on people living in quarantine conditions at home during the Covid 19 Pandemic show that violence has increased. However, the literature shows lack of similar studies in Turkey. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out a research on the connection between domestic violence, depression level and the Covid-19 pandemic. The sample group consists of 689 people living in different cities of Turkey. To collect the data Demographic Information Form, Covid 19 Pandemic Information Form and Beck Depression Inventory were employed. The rate of the participants who stated that violence, anger and arguments increased in the family is 28%. The rate of those who stated that they were exposed to emotional violence during this process is 11.5%. The mean depression level of all participants included in the study is 14.05. The findings show that the level of depression and domestic violence cases increased during the Covid process. It is a necessity to develop long-term inclusive approaches and policies to prevent the increased domestic violence during an epidemic and to improve the psychological health of people.

20.
Prehosp Disaster Med ; 37(4): 462-467, 2022 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1895539

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Violence against women (VAW) is a major public health problem and a violation of women's human rights. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has worsened gender inequality, resulting in a heightened incidence of VAW. This study aims to assess the characteristics of women who admit to the emergency department (ED), both before the pandemic and during the pandemic. The secondary aim is to compare the frequencies of violence cases between periods. METHODS: By single-center, retrospective, and cross-sectional design, the periods of April 10 - December 31, 2020 and April 10 - December 31, 2019 were compared. The outcomes of the study were the daily ED admission numbers of both sexes, the prevalence of VAW cases in the ED, as well as sociodemographic and clinical variables of the women who were exposed to violence. RESULTS: During the pandemic period, number of VAW cases in the ED increased 13% and the ratio of VAW cases to all ED admissions tripled compared to the pre-pandemic period. Women exposed to VAW were more likely to be without social insurance, injured in the trunk part of their body, and having a life-threatening injury in the pandemic period. In both periods, women were attacked by an intimate partner, dominantly (42.6% and 54.1%, respectively). In addition, among all admissions of adults to the ED, women's percentage decreased while men's admission ratios increased during the pandemic period. Admissions to ED declined 47.7% during the COVID-19 pandemic compared to the year before. CONCLUSION: Cases of VAW tend to increase during the pandemic, and health care settings should be well-organized to respond to survivors.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Female , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies
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