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1.
Int J Med Inform ; 165: 104812, 2022 Jun 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1882089

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic and the need for physical distancing has led to rapid uptake of virtual visits to deliver ambulatory health care. Despite widespread adoption, there has been limited evaluation of the quality of care being delivered through virtual modalities for ambulatory care sensitive conditions (ACSCs). OBJECTIVE: To characterize patients' and providers' experiences with the quality and sustainability of virtual care for ACSCs. DESIGN: This was a multi-method study utilizing quantitative and qualitative data from patient surveys, provider surveys, and provider focus groups at a large academic ambulatory care hospital between May 2020 and June 2021. We included patients and providers utilizing telephone or video visits for the following ACSCs: hypertension, angina, heart failure, atrial fibrillation, diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or asthma. MAIN MEASURES: Quantitative and qualitative patient and provider survey responses were mapped to the Six Domains of Healthcare Quality framework. Provider focus groups were coded to identify themes within each quality domain. KEY RESULTS: Surveys were completed by 110/352 (31%) consenting patients and 20/61 (33%) providers. 5 provider focus groups were held with 14 participants. Patients found virtual visits to be generally more convenient than in-person visits for ACSCs. The perceived effectiveness of virtual visits was dependent on the clinical and social complexity of individual encounters. Respondents reported difficulty forming effective patient-provider relationships in the virtual environment. Patients and providers felt that virtual care has potential to both alleviate and exacerbate structural barriers to equitable access to care. CONCLUSIONS: In a large academic ambulatory care hospital, patients and providers experienced the quality of virtual visits for the management of ACSCs to be variable depending on the biopsychosocial complexity of the individual encounter. Our findings in each quality domain highlight key considerations for patients, providers and institutions to uphold the quality of virtual care for ACSCs.

2.
Journal of Industrial Integration and Management-Innovation and Entrepreneurship ; 07(02):183-202, 2022.
Article in English | English Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1883313

ABSTRACT

Virtual reality (VR) has applications in cardiology to create enhancement, thereby improving the quality of associated planning, treatment and surgery. The need is to study different applications of this technology in the field of cardiology. We have studied research papers on VR and its applications in cardiology through a detailed bibliometric analysis. The study identified five significant steps for proper implementation of this technology in cardiology. Some challenges are to be undertaken by using this technology, and they can provide some benefits;thus, authors contemplate extensive research and development. This study also identifies 10 major VR technology applications in cardiology and provided a brief description. This innovative technology helps a heart surgeon to perform complex heart surgery effectively. Thus, VR applications have the potential for improving decision-making, which helps save human life. VR plays a significant role in the development of a surgical procedure. This technology undertakes 3D heart model information in full colour, which helps to analyze the overall heart vane, blockage and blood flow. With the help of this digital technology, a surgeon can improve the accuracy of heart surgery, and he can simulate the surgery. A surgeon can undertake surgery in a virtual environment on a virtual patient. The unique purpose of this technology is to practice pre-operatively on the specific circumstance. A cardiologist can also check the proper status of inner and outer heart wall layer. Thus, by using this 3D information, the surgeon can now interact with heart data/information without any physical touch. This technology opens a new opportunity to improve the heart surgery and development in cardiovascular treatment to improve patient outcome.

3.
Comput Biol Med ; 147: 105709, 2022 Jun 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1881817

ABSTRACT

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the causative agent of the contagious coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) which was first identified in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. Around the world, many researchers focused their research on identifying inhibitors against the druggable SARS-CoV-2 targets. The reported genomic mutations have a direct effect on the receptor-binding domain (RBD), which interacts with host angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE-2) for viral cell entry. These mutations, some of which are variants of concern (VOC), lead to increased morbidity and mortality rates. The newest variants including B.1.617.2 (Delta), AY.1 (Delta plus), and C.37 (Lambda) were considered in this study. Thus, an exhaustive structure-based virtual screening of a ligand library (in which FDA approved drugs are also present) using the drug-likeness screening, molecular docking, ADMET profiling was performed followed by molecular dynamics (MD) simulation, and Molecular Mechanics-Poisson Boltzmann Surface Area (MM-PBSA) calculation to identify compounds or drugs can be repurposed for inhibiting the wild type, Delta, Delta plus and Lambda variants of RBD of the spike protein. Based on the virtual screening steps, two FDA approved drugs, Atovaquone (atv) and Praziquantel (prz), were selected and repurposed as the best candidates of SARS-CoV-2 RBD inhibitors. Molecular docking results display that both atv and prz contribute in different interaction with binding site residues (Gln493, Asn501 and Gly502 in the hydrogen bond formation, Phe490 and Tyr505 in the π- π stacking and Tyr449, Ser494, and Phe497 in the vdW interactions) in the wild type, Delta, Delta plus and Lambda variants of RBD of the spike protein. MD simulations revealed that among the eight studied complexes, the wild type-atv and Delta-prz complexes have the most structural stability over the simulation time. Furthermore, MM-PBSA calculation showed that in the atv containing complexes, highest binding affinity is related to the wild type-atv complex and in the prz containing complexes, it is related to the Delta-prz complex. The validation of docking results was done by comparing with experimental data (heparin in complex with wild type and Delta variants). Also, comparison of the obtained results with the result of simulation of the k22 with the studied proteins showed that atv and prz are suitable inhibitors for these proteins, especially wild type t and Delta variant, respectively. Thus, we found that atv and prz are the best candidate for inhibition of wild type and Delta variant of the spike protein. Also, atv can be an appropriate inhibitor for the Lambda variant. Obtained in silico results may help the development of new anti-COVID-19 drugs.

4.
Antiviral Res ; 204: 105350, 2022 Jun 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1881678

ABSTRACT

Two years after its emergence, SARS-CoV-2 still represents a serious and global threat to human health. Antiviral drug development usually takes a long time and, to increase the chances of success, chemical variability of hit compounds represents a valuable source for the discovery of new antivirals. In this work, we applied a platform of variably oriented virtual screening campaigns to seek for novel chemical scaffolds for SARS-CoV-2 main protease (Mpro) inhibitors. The study on the resulting 30 best hits led to the identification of a series of structurally unrelated Mpro inhibitors. Some of them exhibited antiviral activity in the low micromolar range against SARS-CoV-2 and other human coronaviruses (HCoVs) in different cell lines. Time-of-addition experiments demonstrated an antiviral effect during the viral replication cycle at a time frame consistent with the inhibition of SARS-CoV-2 Mpro activity. As a proof-of-concept, to validate the pharmaceutical potential of the selected hits against SARS-CoV-2, we rationally optimized one of the hit compounds and obtained two potent SARS-CoV-2 inhibitors with increased activity against Mpro both in vitro and in a cellular context, as well as against SARS-CoV-2 replication in infected cells. This study significantly contributes to the expansion of the chemical variability of SARS-CoV-2 Mpro inhibitors and provides new scaffolds to be exploited for pan-coronavirus antiviral drug development.

5.
Electronic Journal of E-Learning ; 20(1):19-35, 2022.
Article in English | English Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1879923

ABSTRACT

The Covid-19 pandemic is the most disturbing event in the lifetime of most of our planet's citizens. The lockdown measures directly impacted many areas of our lives, including the educational sector, because locking down countries meant implicitly locking down the educational system. Moreover, what was first considered a temporary solution for an extraordinary situation began to look more and more like a medium to long-term general rule. Nevertheless, the questions are: are we all ready to move the entire educational process online and fully understand the challenges and implications for all stakeholders involved? This two-part research aims to provide some answers to these questions by identifying and analyzing the perceptions of Romanian engineering students enrolled at "Gheorghe Asachi" Technical University of Iasi (TUIASI) regarding the changes registered in the past year once the emergency e-learning situation started. The first part of the research was conducted between April and May 2020 through an online survey among 134 engineering students. It aimed at identifying the students' perception of the online learning systems provided by their university, considering the significant speed with which changes were imposed. In addition, this research phase focused on students' access to resources and knowledge to use and integrate online learning into their study routine. The second part of the research was carried out after almost a year of e-learning between March and April 2021 and consisted of six online focus groups with 36 students and aimed at identifying the main advantages and challenges students experience throughout the online educational process. The research revealed that although students are digital natives, they still have difficulties harnessing e-learning's advantages and integrating them into their study routine. Another significant aspect refers to the changing role of the professor perceived not only as an instructor but as a mentor during a time of crisis. The study results can offer higher education institutions insight and valuable information that can be used in designing and implementing online and hybrid activities and classes that better fit the students' needs and expectations in terms of e-learning.

6.
JMIR Pediatr Parent ; 5(2): e34115, 2022 Jun 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1879369

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, in-clinic visits were the standard of care for pediatric physicians and surgeons at our center. At the pandemic onset, web-based care was adopted at an unprecedented scale and pace. OBJECTIVE: This descriptive study explores the web-based care experience of pediatric physicians and surgeons during the pandemic by determining factors that supported and challenged web-based care adoption. METHODS: This study took place at the Children's Hospital at London Health Sciences Centre, a children's hospital in London, Ontario, Canada, which provides pediatric care for patients from the London metropolitan area and the rest of Southwestern Ontario. The Donabedian model was used to structure a web-based survey evaluating web-based care experience, which was distributed to 121 department-affiliated pediatric physicians (including generalists and subspecialists in surgery and medicine). Recruitment occurred via department listserv email. Qualitative data were collected through discrete and free-text survey responses. RESULTS: Survey response rate was 52.1% (63/121). Before the pandemic, few physicians within the Department of Paediatrics used web-based care, and physicians saw <10% of patients digitally. During March-May 2020, the majority transitioned to web-based care, seeing >50% of patients digitally. Web-based care use in our sample fell from June to September 2020, with the majority seeing <50% of patients digitally. Telephone and Ontario Telemedicine Network were the platforms most used from March to September 2020. Web-based care was rated to be convenient for most providers and their patients, despite the presence of technical difficulties. Challenges included lack of physical exam, lower patient volumes, and poor patient digital care etiquette. Regardless of demographics, 96.4% (116/121) would continue web-based care, ideally for patients who live far away and for follow-ups or established diagnoses. CONCLUSIONS: Transition to web-based care during COVID-19 was associated with challenges but also positive experiences. Willingness among pediatricians and pediatric surgeons to continue web-based care was high. Web-based care experiences at our center could be improved with patient education and targeting select populations. Future research is needed to improve practice efficiency and to inform regulatory guidelines for web-based care.

7.
Occup Med (Lond) ; 2022 Jun 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1878815

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The education sector has been heavily impacted by COVID-19. While the impact on school-aged children has received much attention, less attention has focused on the experiences of educators. AIMS: To compare various dimensions of the psychosocial work environment and health outcomes between educators engaged in online learning to those engaged in in-person learning in the Canadian province of Ontario. METHODS: Responses from 5438 educators engaged in either online or in-person learning were collected between 23 November and 21 December 2020; three months after the start of the 2020/21 academic year in September 2020. Psychosocial outcomes included quantitative demands, work pace, predictability, role conflicts, and social support from supervisors and co-workers; assessed using an abbreviated version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire. Secondary outcomes included burnout and sleep troubles. Ordinary Least-Squares regression models examined adjusted mean differences in the levels of outcomes for respondents in in-person versus online learning, after adjustment for a variety of covariates. RESULTS: Compared to respondents engaged in in-person learning, respondents engaged in online learning reported less predictability, higher role conflicts and less support from supervisors and co-workers. Statistically significant differences in work pace, burnout and sleep troubles were also observed across learning modes, although these differences did not exceed previously suggested thresholds for minimum important differences. CONCLUSIONS: Important differences in the psychosocial work environment were observed between respondents engaged in in-person learning versus online learning. Addressing these differences is required, given the potential continued importance of online learning within the context of the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond.

8.
Telemed J E Health ; 2022 Jun 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1878750

ABSTRACT

Aim: To investigate factors influencing delayed or forgone care due to the coronavirus pandemic and examine patterns in overall virtual care use and virtual care related to the coronavirus pandemic. Methods: The cross-sectional study used the 2020 National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey. Individuals (17,586) who responded to delayed or forgone care questions were included. A generalized linear model estimated prevalence ratios (PRs) for delayed care, forgone care, and virtual care. Results: Approximately 26.5% of participants reported either having delayed (23.6%) or forgone care (15.7%). Females showed 1.29 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.20-1.38; p ≤ 0.000) and 1.29 (95% CI 1.17-1.48; p ≤ 0.000) times greater risk of delayed and forgone care than males, respectively. Being insured and having chronic conditions were associated with more delayed and forgone care. About 32.5% of adults reported 1 year of virtual care, and of these, 83.6% were related to the coronavirus pandemic. Patterns of virtual care use of 1 year and the one related to the coronavirus pandemic varied. In the coronavirus pandemic-related virtual care, adults of 85 years old or above had a lower likelihood (PR 0.87, 95% CI 0.77-1.00; p = 0.043) of receiving virtual care. Low education attainment and nonmetro areas showed less virtual care usage. Conclusions: The coronavirus pandemic greatly affected health care. While virtual care significantly increased, historically underserved populations, such as older adults, rural residents, and those with low education attainment, experienced disparities in virtual care use. The findings provide important implications for sustained health care in a rapidly changing public health landscape.

9.
International Journal of Automation Technology ; 16(3):286-295, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1879729

ABSTRACT

Manufacturing functions are often performed by groups of engineers who cooperate and gather at work sites. However, since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, the movement and activities of groups of people have been restricted, especially in indoor spaces. This reduction in travel by engineers also implies a reduction in associated costs. Telepresence technology, which is studied in the field of virtual re-ality, can be used as a way to reduce travel. Telep-resence allows users to engage with a site from a remote location as if they were present. Thus, engineers would be able to participate in a working group with-out the necessity of physically traveling to the site to cooperate with local manufacturing people. A variety of telepresence systems have been proposed;however, relatively few methods have been widely implemented compared with video chat applications that have re-cently become an established infrastructure in many companies. This is most likely because most proposed systems use robots, head-mounted displays, or dedi-cated multi-functional applications that require engineers to learn how to use them. One way to use a video chat application to understand a remote space is to have a remote participant move a camera used in a video chat application. In contrast, many VR social networking services use a viewing method with which users can change their viewing direction on the computer screen. In this study, we demonstrate that a system that allows users to rotate their viewing perspec-tive on a laptop computer screen can provide an easier understanding of a virtual space than a system that re-quires a remote person to move a webcam. Based on these results, we propose a system that allows users to view a remote location on a laptop computer screen via a video chat application and an off-the-shelf spherical camera, and evaluate its usefulness. © Fuji Technology Press Ltd.

10.
International Journal of Information Technology and Decision Making ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1879145

ABSTRACT

In the last two years, we have seen a huge number of debates and discussions on COVID-19 in social media. Many authors have analyzed these debates on Facebook and Twitter, while very few ones have considered Reddit. In this paper, we focus on this social network and propose three approaches to extract information from posts on COVID-19 published in it. The first performs a semi-automatic and dynamic classification of Reddit posts. The second automatically constructs virtual subreddits, each characterized by homogeneous themes. The third automatically identifies virtual communities of users with homogeneous themes. The three approaches represent an advance over the past literature. In fact, the latter lacks studies regarding classification algorithms capable of outlining the differences among the thousands of posts on COVID-19 in Reddit. Analogously, it lacks approaches able to build virtual subreddits with homogeneous topics or virtual communities of users with common interests. © 2022 World Scientific Publishing Company.

11.
Strategic HR Review ; 21(3):83-86, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1878951

ABSTRACT

Purpose>This paper aims to review and explore the adoption of Metaverse as a training ecosystem. The paper focuses on the current debate on the relevance of Metaverse for training.Design/methodology/approach>This paper reviews the recent articles and interviews and then critically discusses the future of training in Metaverse.Findings>Recent reports, studies and developments show that immersive training holds much potential. The future for training in Metaverse seems to be bright with benefits for both employers and employees.Originality/value>This viewpoint paper is easy to read and comprehensive.

12.
Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology ; 13(3):349-355, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1878915

ABSTRACT

[...]these technologies can provide efficient resource management in all sub-sectors that make up the travel and hospitality industry (e.g. transportation, accommodation facilities and events). [...]the development of information technologies facilitates information sharing on a global scale.

13.
Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology ; 13(3):441-460, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1878913

ABSTRACT

Purpose>Training is one of the key dimensions of internal marketing. Virtual reality (VR), a computer technology that replicates an environment (real or imagined) and simulates a user’s physical presence in that environment to allow for user interaction, offers unique opportunities from a training perspective, such as allowing users to improve their skills without the consequence of failing real customers or the need to be in the real environment physically. This study aims to focus on comparing the effectiveness of VR hospitality training with that of real-world hospitality training.Design/methodology/approach>This study adopts situated cognition theory to empirically test the effect of the awareness of contextual variables (social interaction, location and task) on learning and compare learning outcomes between tourism training in VR and real-world experimental settings.Findings>Results indicate that location and task awareness enhance cognitive absorption, but social awareness does not influence cognitive absorption. There is no significant difference between training in real-world and VR environments. Finally, cognitive absorption has a positive effect on mental model change (the learning outcome).Originality/value>This result advances the theoretical understanding on the significance of learning context by applying situated cognition theory in hospitality training and has significant implications for training that aims for rigor and efficiency within cost, location and time constraints.

14.
Construction Innovation ; 22(3):405-411, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1878873

ABSTRACT

[...]they proposed a framework focusing on facilitating the information exchange and interoperability for existing buildings. [...]semantic Web technologies and standards, such as Web Ontology Language and existing AEC domain ontologies, were used to enhance and improve the proposed framework. [...]four levels of awareness were developed based on Endsley’s situation awareness model. Furthermore, they addressed the lack of an organised digital content asset dedicated to producing VR site scenarios that emerged as one of the most limiting factors for implementing BIM and VR for construction workers’ safety training. [...]a dedicated site object library was proposed to improve this critically time-consuming process.

15.
Built Environment Project and Asset Management ; 12(4):613-629, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1878864

ABSTRACT

Purpose>Over the last couple of decades, many organisations are increasingly adopting virtual team concepts, and construction companies in the Middle East are no exception. Members of a virtual team are geographically scattered and represent a diverse range of cultures. Thus, challenging issues emerge more frequently than in a traditional team. There are challenges associated with space and time as well as high client's demand. Therefore, this study aims to identify and probe the causes of the challenges in virtual project teams in the construction industry of the Middle East.Design/methodology/approach>A list of challenges was derived through a comprehensive review of relevant literature. Questionnaire survey was conducted with professionals who are involved in construction virtual project teams. Further, the factor analysis technique was used to analyse the survey responses.Findings>The results show that the challenges in virtual team arrangement in the Middle East construction industry can be grouped into seven categories, namely, organisational culture, conflict within the team, characteristics of the team members, trust within the team members diversity of the team, communication and training, and cohesion in the team. Understanding of these factors will drive the needed platform to support effective virtual project teams in the Middle East.Originality/value>This study raises the prospect that organisations may establish an environment for team members to achieve higher levels of virtual cooperation by concentrating on these potentially crucial factors. This, in turn, will encourage further innovation and performance within construction organisations.

16.
Palliat Support Care ; : 1-3, 2022 Jun 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1878475

ABSTRACT

Telehealth use has accelerated since the COVID-19 pandemic and provided access for palliative care patients often facing challenges with travel and limited specialist availability. Our palliative care clinic at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center has rapidly adopted telehealth which continues to grow and provide care for patients since the pandemic, becoming a routine part of our center. While we strive to maintain consistency when it comes to compassionate, sensitive verbal and non-verbal communication, we have witnessed both advantages and disadvantages to telehealth services. We have come across unanticipated virtual visit challenges while trying to deliver quality care, surprising us from the other side of the camera. In this paper, we describe three cases of unexpected telehealth etiquette that posed new challenges in being able to complete virtual visits. We propose guidelines for setting patient etiquette for a productive telehealth palliative visit.

17.
Support Care Cancer ; 2022 Jun 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1877841

ABSTRACT

Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, patients attending ambulatory clinics at cancer centers in Ontario completed the Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale (ESAS) at each visit. At our center, completion was via touchpad, with assistance from clinic volunteers. As of March 2020, clinic appointments were conducted virtually when possible and touch pads removed. We anticipated a negative impact on the collection of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and the recognition of severe symptoms. METHODS: We performed a prospective cross-sectional cohort study to investigate remote ESAS completion by patients with appointments at a weekly surgical oncology clinic. Patients in the initial study cohort were asked to complete and return the ESAS virtually (V). Given low completion rates, the ensuing cohort was asked to complete a hard-copy (HC) ESAS. For the final cohort, we provided remote, personal mentorship by a member of the care team to support virtual electronic ESAS completion (virtual-mentored (VM) cohort). RESULTS: Between May and July 2020, a total of 174 patient encounters were included in the study. For the V cohort, 20/46 patients (44%) successfully completed and returned the electronic ESAS, compared to 49/50 (98%) for the HC cohort. For the VM cohort, the overall completion rate was 74% (58/78); however, 12 of these 58 patients did not independently complete a virtual ESAS. Virtual questionnaire completion was not predicted by age, sex, or tumor site, although patients who completed the ESAS were more likely to be in active management rather than surveillance (p = 0.04). Of all completed forms, 42% revealed a depression score of ≥2, and 27% an anxiety score of ≥4. CONCLUSIONS: We identified significant barriers to the virtual completion of ESAS forms, with a lack of predictive variables. The severe degree of psychological distress reported by ~50% of respondents demonstrates the need for ongoing regular collection/review of these data. Innovative solutions are required to overcome barriers to the virtual collection of PROs.

18.
Journal of Genetics ; 101(1), 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1877959

ABSTRACT

Genetic counselling (GC) is a process of communicating and educating patients and/or their family members diagnosed with genetic abnormalities. Ideally, GC is offered in-person, physical presence of both the counselee and the counsellor. However, COVID-19 pandemic and new norms of social distancing precluded undertaking GCs. In the wake of this, Genetic Research Centre at ICMR-NIRRH, Mumbai, arranged virtual sessions for GC. Here, we describe our experience of initiating genetic counselling services on virtual platform. This report presents the challenges faced by the genetic counsellors as well as the counselees and suggests a protocol to be followed during tele-genetic counselling. It is based on the retrospective data of 65 cases that were counselled from July 2020 to September 2020 which was the period of lockdown and restriction. Although a few issues emerged during the process of GC, virtual tele-counselling was a preferred option due to social distancing, lack of public transport facilities and COVID-19 specific restrictions. Effective virtual follow ups saved time, energy and finances of providers as well as clients. This article presents providers’ experience of the process and some recommendations in Indian scenario.

19.
Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies ; 294:113-129, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1877789

ABSTRACT

Recent developments in Internet of Things (IoT) have significantly changed modern lifestyles through linkages of smart objects and smart applications that can be controlled anytime anywhere in the world. It is expected that as of 2021, more than 35 billion devices are connected with each other under the broad IoT umbrella. The autonomous nature of IoT brings an opportunity for virtual representation and unique identification of devices, applications, and services. Lower costs, lower levels of energy consumption, higher levels of outputs, smart and user-friendly precincts, and others are some factors behind rising popularity of IoT, which is also becoming more effective in providing higher levels of security and reducing errors and abuses. In this paper, we describe a model of smart dustbin designed and configured by the authors, and explain how the smart dustbin model can be applied efficiently to achieve smart environmental goals. This example of smart dustbin application can be adopted by cities and communities to maximize public health and hygiene objectives in smarter ways, and to curb negative impacts of public health crises situations such as the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and other infectious diseases that may bring any type of pandemic in the future. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

20.
4th International Conference on Communications and Cyber-Physical Engineering, ICCCE 2021 ; 828:1191-1197, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1877778

ABSTRACT

The world is reeling in the midst of the novel corona virus pandemic with fear of rising toll due to the deadly virus. This situation caused complete lockdown in many countries thus posing one of the biggest challenges to educational institutions and academicians to continue the teaching learning process involving students. E-learning system is very important to ensure successful delivery, effective use, and positive impacts on learners. In order to engage learners while at home as well as to utilise their time and complete syllabi, the process of teaching-learning and assessment need to be streamlined. However, while doing so, the institution should keep in mind various skills related as well as infrastructure related constraints on the part of school, teacher, student and parents. But, in reality, majority of the institutions are conducting online classes in urgency regardless of skill and experiences of concerned teachers and students. It is even more challenging when teachers and academicians alike are not well trained at technological tools for virtual/online classes. Students at large are also not acquainted with technologies and much help can’t be expected from their parents in this regard. The goal of this chapter is to investigate students’ opinions for virtual classes focusing on their learning and behaviour during COVID-19. The said study is validated through the student satisfaction survey involving directly students from different institutions. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

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