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1.
Journal of Population and Social Studies ; 30:764-777, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1964994

ABSTRACT

Despite the importance of vaccinations to combat COVID-19, some people are still wary. This study examines factors affecting attitudes toward COVID-19 vaccination in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Data were collected using an online survey to determine the factors that affect people's attitudes reluctant to have the COVID-19 vaccine. In total, 958 respondents participated in this study. The main factors affecting people's attitudes toward the COVID-19 vaccine in the UAE are medical concerns, religious concerns, misinformation about vaccines on social media, the rapid speed of vaccine development, and the risks of side effects associated with the vaccine. There was no difference in gender, but the older respondents (55 and above), those less educated, unemployed, and those who work in the private sector have more fears and hesitancy toward taking the vaccine.

2.
Current Trends in Biotechnology and Pharmacy ; 16(2):235-252, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1964362

ABSTRACT

The fourth booster vaccination was approved in Israel during Omicron (B.1.1.529) variant surge due to increasing SARS-CoV2 breakthrough infections among recently vacci-nated, reasons for this resurgence is not clear. In this Observational study, we analyzed verified SARS-CoV2 infections among over 60 years of age based on vaccination schedule (December 20, 2020-January 29, 2022);infec-tions, severe illness and deaths based on vac-cine immunity (between August 1, 2021-Janu-ary 29, 2022) using Israel COVID-19 dashboard data. There were a total of 214,394 SARS-CoV2 infections (December 20, 2020-Janaury 29, 2022;based vaccination schedule), 165,899 infections;6,267 severe illnesses and 2,031 deaths (August 1, 2021-Janaury 29, 2022) an-alyzed based vaccine immunity among over 60 years old. Vaccination with two doses, main-tained vaccine effectiveness (VE) of 93.2% (95% CI 90-95.5%) for 16 weeks until May 8, 2021 with 14.2% breakthrough infections. When there were no public health restrictions (June-July 2021) partially vaccinated has significantly lower infection rates (X2 [2, N=721]=190.79,p<0.001) with VE of 80.4% (95% CI 69.1-98.3%), while in-fection rates among vaccinated with two doses and unvaccinated are not statistically significant and decline of VE to 6.4% (95% CI -9.9-19.3%) among vaccinated with two doses. After rein-statement of restrictions since July 29, 2021, the VE of vaccinated with two doses improved to 68.0% (95% CI 56.7-76.7%), the third booster showed significantly higher breakthrough infec-tions (26.4%) and a shorter period of 12 weeks effectiveness until October 23, 2021 and by No-vember 20, 2021 the infections rates of vacci-nated with third booster are not statistically bet-ter than partially vaccinated (X2 [1, N=54]=1,85, p=0.17). During the Omicron variant surge, the VE of third booster declined to 42.7% (95% CI 39.9-45.3%) and the infection rates were sig-nificantly higher than vaccinated with two doses (X2[1,N=5898]=8.50, p=0.003) as of January 15, 2022 and subsequently showed improvement in VE to 51.7% (95% CI 50.2-53.2%) and signifi-cantly lower infection rates than vaccinated with two doses (X2[1,N=12380]=98.28, p=<0.001) by January 29, 2022. The vaccinated without valid-ity group (partially vaccinated;past 1-2 doses with expired Green Passes) showed significant-ly lower infection rates (X2 [1, N=15727]=295.3, p<0.001) during December 5,2021-January 29, 2022 period compared to vaccinated with validity (95% of them received third booster dose, and have Green Pass access) group that showed significantly increased infection rates and substantially increased percentages of se-vere illness and deaths.

3.
Journal of School of Public Health & Institute of Public Health Research ; 19(4):413-422, 2022.
Article in Persian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1957775

ABSTRACT

Background and Aim: The objective of this study was to determine the seroepidemiological history of SARS-CoV-2 infection among asymptomatic children in Tehran. Materials and Methods: Blood samples of children younger than 14 years old were collected during the period autumn-winter 2020 and spring 2021 and tested for SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody using the EUROIMMUN ELISA kit. In addition, questionnaires were used to collect demographic and infection status information in the participants. Data were analyzed using the SPSS software.

4.
Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences ; 52(3):641-648, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1935086

ABSTRACT

Background/aim: The aim of this study is to analyze and compare the predictive values of the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) and Creatinine Index (CI) in the short-term mortality of maintenance hemodialysis patients and to determine their best cut-offs. Material and Methods: A total of 169 adult hemodialysis patients were included in this retrospective, cross-sectional, and single-center study. The demographic, clinical, and laboratory data of the month in which the patients were included in the study were obtained from their medical files and computer records. All-cause death was the primary outcome of the study during a 12-month follow-up after baseline GNRI and CI calculations.

5.
Journal of Biotechnology and Strategic Health Research ; 5(3):207-213, 2021.
Article in Turkish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1935002

ABSTRACT

Aim: Healthcare workers are the most risky group in terms of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) transmission. The aim of this study was to reveal the relationships related to the departments in which contact healthcare workers work, personal protective equipment (PPE) use status, risk category, clinical picture and prognosis in follow-up. Materials and Methods: Healthcare workers who had contact with COVID-19 cases in our hospital between March 23, 2020 and June 1, 2020 were included in the study. The healthcare workers included in the study were divided into 3 groups according to their main departments and evaluated. In addition, healthcare workers included in the study were divided into groups and evaluated according to PPE use and risk categories, regardless of the departments they work in.

6.
Journal of Biotechnology and Strategic Health Research ; 5(3):200-206, 2021.
Article in Turkish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1935001

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate oral hygiene habits and periodontal disease status with teledentistry and to compare oral hygiene and periodontal disease status according to the COVID-19 history. Materials and Methods: Patients who had applied to our faculty before the pandemic and were reached via teledentistry were included. A questionnaire consisting of 4 sections and 25 questions was administered through telephone conversation. Demographic information, medical history, smoking habits, and COVID-19 history (with [COVID(+)] or without COVID-19 [COVID(-)]) were questioned in the first section, while dental hygiene (DH), environmental dental hygiene (EH), history of periodontal disease (PH) were evaluated in the next three sections. The answers were scored in a way that increased values symbolize negative attitude. Taking into account the minimum and maximum values that can be obtained from the sum of the scores;DH, EH and PH scales with low, medium and high value ranges were created. The groups were compared in terms of the mean value from the scales and the distribution in the scale ranges.

7.
Harran Universitesi Veteriner Fakultesi Dergisi ; 11(1):120-127, 2022.
Article in Turkish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934962

ABSTRACT

Bovine coronavirus (BCoV) infections are widespread in newborn calf diarrhea, which is one of the critical problems in cattle breeding. This study aims to investigate BCoV infection in calves with diarrhea in Sanliurfa province. In this study, 94 calves with diarrhea (3 months) following clinical examination were sampled. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the presence of BCoV antigen. A total of 5 stool samples were found to be BCoV positive (5.32%). This result showed that BCoV was low in calves with diarrhea in Sanliurfa province. However, considering the rapid spread of the infection in cattle populations, it is thought that it may cause significant economic losses due to treatment costs and calf deaths.

8.
Chronic Diseases Journal ; 10(2):117-120, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934871

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an emerging disease caused by the coronavirus. The initiation of vaccination significantly reduced the incidence and mortality of these patients. Some studies reported myocarditis as a rare complication after messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA)-based vaccines (such as Pfizer). CASE REPORT: The patient was a 26-year-old man without any history of the underlying disease with typical chest pain which spread to the back and left arm;he was diagnosed with myocarditis after the second dose of the AstraZeneca vaccine. The mechanism of myocarditis after AstraZeneca is not known precisely. It seems to be due to the AstraZeneca vaccine using adenovirus as a vector of the spike (S) protein of the virus, and it causes the production of antibodies in the body, while adenovirus can be one of the causes of myocarditis. On the other hand, it may be due to spike protein-mediated toxicity, which causes an inflammatory reaction such as myocarditis after the virus protein enters the bloodstream and eventually accumulates in various tissues, including the heart. CONCLUSION: Myocarditis is a rare complication of the AstraZeneca vaccine, and this study could not recommend neglecting this vaccine.

9.
Chronic Diseases Journal ; 10(2):72-82, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934870

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to evaluate the epidemiology, clinical characteristics, and outcome of confirmed and suspected hospitalized coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases in Iran hospitals affiliated with the Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on all confirmed and suspected hospitalized COVID-19 cases in hospitals affiliated with the Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences between March and September 2020. Required data were obtained from the Hospital Intelligent Management System of hospitals. Independent t-test, chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used for univariate analysis. Variables with P-value < 0.3 in univariate analysis were entered into the multivariate model, and the adjusted odds ratio (AOR) was calculated. RESULTS: Out of 9176 cases, 3210 cases (35.03%) were confirmed with COVID-19. The mean and standard deviation (SD) of age of the cases was 56.5 +or- 19.3 in the confirmed and 57.5 +or- 20.6 in the suspected cases. The confirmed and suspected cases' mortality rate was 15.0% and 10.2%, respectively. In both groups, the most common symptoms of admission to the hospital were respiratory distress, coughing, fever, and muscular pain. The variables of older age, male gender, being transferred to hospitals by ambulance, intensive care unit (ICU) hospitalization, being intubated, blood oxygen saturation level less than 93, and having an underlying disease were statistically associated with an increased chance of death. CONCLUSION: The mortality rate among both confirmed and suspected hospitalized COVID-19 cases was significant, and this rate was higher for the confirmed cases. Death-related risk factors should be considered in resource allocation, management, and patient prioritization to reduce the outcome of death.

10.
Journal of Research and Rural Planning ; 11(1):59-79, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934867

ABSTRACT

Purpose- At the local level, the role of rural management in achieving optimal rural planning and development goals is significant. There are several approaches to rural management, one of which is good rural governance. In this regard, the purpose of this study is to evaluate the performance of new rural management with an emphasis on good governance indicators for the villages in the Central District of Karaj County. Design/methodology/approach- Quantitative approach was used in conducting this research. The statistical population of the study includes 7 villages. 145 households were sequentially determined based on random sampling and using the modified Cochran's formula. SPSS software and the FARAS model were utilized to analyze the data. Findings- The results showed that the situation of governance indicators in the studied villages is lower than average. In addition, the results of the correlation between the indicators of good rural governance showed that the management system is the desired and subject to development in all indicators of good rural governance from the point of view of the villagers. Also, the ranking of the indicators of good governance using the FARAS model substantiated that the social participation index has the highest rank from the experts' point of view. Research limitations/implications- The outbreak of coronavirus interfered with the process of data collection and information in the studied villages. This impeded the process of completing the research. In this regard, to reduce the negative impact of this restriction, interviews and completing questionnaires were conducted through the Internet. Practical implications- Activities should be taken through the interaction of non-governmental organizations, governmental and public organizations, and the private sector, removing existing obstacles, and financial and executive constraints for modern rural management in the villages of the Central District. Originality/value: The study is conducted by the mentioned researchers and in accordance with the official rules and procedures, and all dissertations, articles, books, etc. were referred to accordingly. The originality of the present study is in applying the FARAS fuzzy model to the studied villages in the Central District of Karaj County.

11.
Erciyes Medical Journal ; 44(4):423-429, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1934714

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the risk factors, clinical findings, treatment methods and short-term outcomes of infants born to mothers with COVID-19 infection and infants with COVID-19 infection. Materials and Methods: Data of infants born to mothers with COVID-19 infection and infants with COVID-19 infection treated in our Newborn Intensive Care Unit between 1 March 2020 and 1 April 2021 were retrospectively reviewed.

12.
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics ; 32(3), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934534

ABSTRACT

Background: Because of the high daily mortality and quarantine procedures, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can cause several psychological problems, especially in younger people. Objectives: Since most studies have mainly focused on physical problems of COVID-19 and they have neglected children in their analysis, this study aimed to evaluate the frequency and severity of stress symptoms and associated factors amongst children and adolescents aged 4 - 18 years during the COVID-19 outbreak.

13.
International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; 20(2), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934533

ABSTRACT

Objectives: This study was performed to investigate whether social support and other psychological predictors were associated with physical activity during the prolonged social isolation due to the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak in Iran.

14.
Turk Hijyen ve Deneysel Biyoloji Dergisi ; 79(2):187-198, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934515

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic continues to negatively affect Turkey, as it does many other areas all over the world. One effect of COVID 19 has been the significant expenditure increases in health services in post-pandemic countries. Our aim for this study was the following: determining the frequency of outpatient, inpatient, and intensive care treatment in COVID 19 cases, the factors affecting the rates of inpatient and, intensive care treatments, and examining the changes in healthcare costs according to patient characteristics. METHODS: This research is a cross-sectional record review. The universe of this study is composed of outpatients and inpatients that have been treated after being diagnosed with COVID 19 as from March 11, the date the pandemic was first seen in Turkey, to November 30, 2020. Within the scope of the study, data relating to the COVID-19 diagnosis, comorbidity, age (< 50 and 50), and gender were obtained from all primary, secondary, and tertiary healthcare institutions in the province. RESULTS: When the invoices of the inpatients who received no intensive care treatment were examined, it was found that the bills of the male patients aged 50 years and older and those with comorbidities were statistically significantly higher. In the patient groups receiving both clinical and intensive care, the mean amount of invoices of female patients and those aged 50 and older were found to be higher than male patients (p < 0.05). In addition to, In all other patient groups, it has been determined that the invoice amounts are below the patient costs, that is, the invoice amounts do not cover the patient cost. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: The disease is more severe in those aged 50 and older, those with comorbidities, and it is more severe and more common in males. Consequently, bill amounts and costs of these patients were found to be higher than those of the opposing groups. As a result, the rate of men getting the COVID-19 disease is higher than women. The disease is more severe in males in hospitalized patients, in 50 age group, and in patients with comorbidities. In parallel with these, the invoice amounts and costs of these patients are higher than the opposite groups. In general, the treatment costs of the patients are higher than the invoice amounts and they carry great risks for the future in ensuring the sustainability of the service. Ensuring sustainability in healthcare services depends on the ability of healthcare institutions to obtain invoices to cover their costs. COVID-19 not only creates a big economic burden for reimbursement institutions but also brings a great economic burden for the institutions that provide the service.

15.
Malawi Medical Journal ; 34(2):154-156, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934437

ABSTRACT

Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 (BNT162b2) conferred a high level of protection against Covid-19 with a proven short-term safety profile. Although cases of vaccine-associated myopericarditis have been reported, the existence of rhabdomyolysis without myocarditis has not yet been published. A 16-year-old, healthy male patient, who did not use any herbal or illegal drugs before, was admitted with muscle pain that developed after the second dose of BNT162b2 vaccine. Cardiac examination and heart enzymes were normal and the patient had significantly higher creatinine kinase levels. The patient, whose enzymes returned to normal with only force hydration therapy, recovered without complications. Reporting the side effects of the vaccine, which has a short history of application to large populations, is of vital importance in the conduct of vaccine development studies and in identifying the risky group in terms of side effects.

16.
Malawi Medical Journal ; 34(2):95-104, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934436

ABSTRACT

Background: The pandemic called "Coronavirus Disease 2019" (COVID-19), which first appeared in China, then spread to the whole world, has had negative consequences in many areas, especially in health. The long-term quarantine process caused by the pandemic and the experienced stress had a great impact on nutritional habits. Aim: In this study, it was aimed to determine the change in anxiety levels and eating habits of young adults after the COVID-19 pandemic.

17.
Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care ; 11(6):2768-2773, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934397

ABSTRACT

Background: Sleep is an essential part of human physiology. Being a basic need for human well-being, adequate sleep is associated with good health and life quality for all individuals. Disorders of sleep may result in significant derangement in human functionality. Sleepiness among physicians affects not only their personal lives but also negatively impacts the lives of their patients. Method: This is an analytic cross-sectional study design conducted among 268 male and female Saudi commission residents working in public healthcare facilities in the Aseer region, Saudi Arabia. The study aimed to assess sleep patterns and determine predictors of poor sleep quality among Saudi commission residents of the Aseer region, Saudi Arabia. Result: The study reported that before COVID 19 pandemic, 85.1% of Saudi commission residents had poor sleep quality;however, during the pandemic, the percentage increased to 92.5% who showed poor sleep quality. Also, we found there was a significant association between different self-reported morbidities among Saudi commission residents and sleep disturbance (p < 0.05).

18.
Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care ; 11(6):2744-2749, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934396

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Influenza-related viral myositis is observed mostly in children with influenza, and the disease is more common in influenza type B. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence, and clinical and laboratory features of acute viral myositis in children with influenza in 2019 and 2020.

19.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine ; 15(6):274-282, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934354

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the change in the quality of life (QoL) of patients who applied to a tertiary outpatient clinic according to their COVID-19 status.

20.
Medical Sciences Journal of Islamic Azad University ; 32(2), 2022.
Article in Persian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1929568

ABSTRACT

Background: Para-clinical abnormalities are considered as predictors of COVID-19 severity. We aimed at evaluate the relationship between laboratory and chest computed tomography (CT) scan findings and severity of COVID-19 cases. Materials and methods: We performed a retrospective study on confirmed COVID-19 patients in Amir-Al-Momenin hospital, Tehran, Iran, from February 20, 2020 to April 19, 2020. Para-clinical characteristics of the patients including chest CT scan and laboratory findings were recruited from patients' medical records. Then we evaluated the relationship between laboratory and chest CT scan findings and severity of COVID-19 cases. We performed statistical analysis using descriptive methods and analytical tests by SPSS statistical software version-24.

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