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1.
Leadership ; 18(5):680-694, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2195381

ABSTRACT

Our study examines the empirical case of the political leadership response to Covid-19 in England. It shows that, rather than the ideal configuration of leadership suggested by theory, within which individualistic and collective leadership blend, a less balanced configuration emerged that can be characterised as incoherent. In England, an individual political leader behaved in an authoritarian way, which ignored evidence about how to address Covid-19. So, rather than an individual orchestrating a collective leadership effort to address complex issues, leadership was rendered fragmented and chaotic. We suggest that the English context, characterised by populist tendencies and neoliberal economic policy, shaped the poor leadership response to Covid-19. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

2.
Paediatrics and Child Health (Canada) ; 27(Supplement 3):e23, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2190143

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Transition to adulthood is a stressful time for caregivers of children and youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Anecdotally, we know that cultural perspectives can directly influence decisions made around ASD diagnosis, treatment, and transition to adulthood. However, there is a paucity of research into these cultural perspectives and how they may affect illness trajectories. OBJECTIVE(S): 1.Through open-ended responses, identify cultural values that play a role in decision making around health care and life course planning during transition to adulthood in ASD. 2.Identify criteria for success in adulthood from parents of children and youth with ASD in a culturally diverse population. 3.Identify systemic barriers that prevent families from accessing culturally sensitive care 4.Educate health care workers on any unique cultural perspective that may impact transition planning. DESIGN/METHODS: In-depth interviews (IDIs) were conducted with caregivers (i.e., parents/guardians) of children and youth with autism. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, and coded using deductive and inductive coding methods by two independent coders, with inter-rater reliability confirmed by Cohen's kappa coefficient. RESULT(S): A total of 12 IDIs were conducted. The main themes that were discussed included caregivers' understanding of adulthood for their child with ASD, barriers to accessing services, the importance of culture and religion/spirituality to their child's future, recommendations to improve current services and programming and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on decision-making. Caregivers expressed their desire for their child to be independent as they transition to adulthood. They also described how cultural or religious/spiritual practices are integrated into their child's life and the importance of maintaining their cultural identity. Caregivers emphasized the lack of culturally tailored resources as their child transitions to adulthood to maintain that sense of community. CONCLUSION(S): Caregivers' cultural perspectives are an integral part of their identity and an important aspect of their environment that should be taken into consideration as children and youth with ASD transition to adulthood.

3.
Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups ; 7:1885-1902, 2022.
Article in English | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-2186173

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate e-learning fatigue;the cognitive, educational, and emotional impacts on university students;and attitudes toward different course delivery modes after more than a year of COVID-19--mandated distance education in the United States. Method: A survey consisting of 25 Likert items was conducted with a total of 50 graduate and undergraduate students, mostly women between the ages of 18 and 45 years, majoring in communication sciences and disorders (CSD) at a Historically Black College/University (HBCU). Results: Younger, undergraduate, and Black/African American students reported being most unfavorably impacted by the e-learning requirements of COVID-19. Students without a prior history of online and hybrid learning also reported unfavorable effects, but not as consistently. Participants reporting higher levels of e-learning fatigue noted the greatest difficulties across all major areas of the study: learning, mental health, and attitudes toward e-learning. Higher e-learning fatigue was correlated with a higher negative impact on perceptions of future clinical effectiveness. Conclusions: Results show e-learning fatigue and the educational and emotional challenges of mandated e-learning during COVID-19 disproportionately affected certain groups of students, and they reported unfavorable views of elearning and future clinical ability. This is the first study to examine how CSD students were affected by required distance learning during the pandemic. Future investigations may examine the long-term effects of the pandemic on students and their clinical skills, groups most susceptible to the negative impacts of e-learning, and ways to mitigate these effects to improve students' educational experiences and emotional well-being.

4.
Neuropsychopharmacology ; 47(Supplement 1):224, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2185751

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID19 pandemic has imposed significant morbidity and mortality, including the worsened mental health outcomes of higher depression and anxiety severity. Experiences of young adults during the pandemic - such as social isolation and increased stress - limit exposure to rewarding experiences and are associated with poorer mental health. Altered connectivity between neural reward regions, such as the ventral striatum (VS), dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC), and ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (vlPFC), with other neural regions involved in salience detection and executive control has been implicated in depression and anxiety and may be a mechanism by which the COVID19 pandemic has worsened affective and anxiety symptoms in young adults. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine whether the COVID19 pandemic altered relationships between neural reward connectivity and affective and anxiety symptoms. Method(s): 98 young adults (23.5 +/- 2.9 years;63 F/35M sex) were included in this cross-sectional sub-study derived from a larger longitudinal study examining the development of mood and anxiety symptoms in young adulthood. Participants were divided into two pandemic groups, those who completed the study prior to the COVID19 pandemic (n = 39) and during the pandemic (n = 59), using the national lockdown date (March 13, 2020). Participants completed self-report measures of depression (Mood and Anxiety Symptom Questionnaire (MASQ) - Anhedonia Depression), anxiety (MASQ-Anxious Arousal), anhedonia (Snaith Hamilton Pleasure Scale), lifetime trauma exposure (Trauma History Questionnaire) and underwent fMRI scanning during a standardized monetary reward task. fMRI data were preprocessed using fMRIPrep 20.2.6 and 1st level analyses were completed in SPM12. The 1st level GLM included reward expectancy (RE), reward prediction error (RPE), and uncertainty expectancy (UE) as regressors. Wholebrain functional connectivity during RE and RPE was assessed using bilateral VS, dACC (Brodmann area 32), and vlPFC seeds. Six two-group 2nd level models (3 seeds x 2 connectivity conditions) were performed in SPM12 comparing neural connectivity between COVID19 pandemic groups. Each model included independent variables of self-reported depression, anhedonia, and anxiety, interacting with pandemic group. Age, sex, IQ, psychotropic medication load, bipolar diagnosis, and lifetime trauma exposure were included as covariates. Significance was defined in SPM12 as punc<0.001, cluster corrected at pFWE<0.05. Result(s): Participants who completed the study during the COVID19 pandemic reported higher anhedonia (t = -2.112, p = 0.019) and higher anxiety (t = -2.789, p < 0.003) severity, but not depression severity, compared to those who completed the study before the COVID19 pandemic. The COVID19 pandemic impacted associations between affective symptoms and both dACC and vlPFC connectivity during RE and RPE. During RE, lower dACC-mPFC (kE=108 voxels, pFWE=0.015) connectivity was associated with higher anhedonia severity during the COVID19 pandemic compared to lower anhedonia severity before the COVID19 pandemic. Lower vlPFC connectivity with the left cerebellum (kE=131 voxels, pFWE=0.009), bilateral thalamus (kE=165 voxels, pFWE=0.002), right parietal lobule (kE=171 voxels, pFWE=0.002), middle cingulate cortex (kE=94 voxels, pFWE=0.044), and right precentral gyrus (kE=133 voxels, pFWE=0.008) during RE was associated with higher anxiety severity during the COVID19 pandemic compared to lower anxiety severity before the COVID19 pandemic. During RPE, higher vlPFC connectivity with the right temporoparietal junction (kE=119 voxels, pFWE=0.022), right dorsomedial prefrontal cortex (kE=176 voxels, pFWE=0.003), dACC (kE=98 voxels, pFWE=0.002) and middle cingulate cortex (kE=181 voxels, pFWE=0.002) during RPE was associated with higher anhedonia severity during the COVID19 pandemic compared to lower anhedonia severity before the pandemic. Higher dACC connectivity with the left vlPFC (kE=169 voxels, pFWE=0.001) and right ventral postcentral gyrus (kE=144 voxels, pFWE=0.003) was associated with higher anxiety severity during the COVID19 pandemic compared with lower anxiety severity before the COVID19 pandemic. Conclusion(s): The COVID19 pandemic changed the direction of associations between anhedonia and anxiety severity and reward circuitry connectivity. Higher anhedonia severity was associated with lower dACC connectivity with salience regions during RE and higher vlPFC connectivity with the central executive network during RPE, suggesting a diminished ability to anticipate rewards and overregulation of reward response may have contributed to higher anhedonia severity during the pandemic. The opposite pattern emerged for anxiety, where higher anxiety severity was associated with a combination lower vlPFC connectivity with the central executive network during RE and higher dACC connectivity with salience regions during RPE. This indicates a lesser ability to evaluate and attend to potential rewards, combined with a heightened sensitivity to rewards, impacted anxiety severity during the pandemic. Combined, opposing and ineffective compensatory relationships between reward circuitry and both salience and central executive networks during the pandemic may be a mechanism for the elevated anxiety and depression severity observed during the pandemic.

5.
Translational Issues in Psychological Science ; : No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2185637

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in global monumental upheaval. Many people were displaced from their jobs and sources of income. COVID-19 was also linked to increased mental health difficulties and increased alcohol consumption and problems. The current study aims to identify the indirect effect of depression, stress, and anxiety on the relations between the economic burden of COVID-19 and alcohol problems. Participants (N = 344) were recruited via Amazon's Mechanical Turk (MTurk). Participants completed a questionnaire about substance use, mood, and the economic burden of COVID-19. Eligible participants were 18 years or older, consumed alcohol or cannabis within the past week, and verified through Amazon. Results indicated significant indirect effects of depression, stress, and anxiety on the association between the economic burden of COVID-19 and alcohol problems regardless of use. Findings revealed large effect sizes, suggesting that mental health symptomatology may have a large impact on the association between COVID-19's economic burden and alcohol-related problems. Findings suggest mental health difficulties indirectly effect the association between COVID-19's economic burden and alcohol-related problems. Intervention efforts targeting mental health may be beneficial in reducing alcohol problems among individuals experiencing distress due to large-scale public health impact, such as the COVID-19 pandemic. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved) Impact Statement What is the significance of this article for the general public? The COVID-19 pandemic had substantial impact at the global level that included financial stressors, mental health difficulty, and alcohol use. Our findings that mental health difficulties (depression, anxiety, and stress) significantly impact the relations between COVID-19 economic burden and alcohol problems, may be useful in the design of future intervention efforts or policy to help individuals and communities facing unprecedented circumstances such as this pandemic. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

6.
Clinical Neurophysiology ; 141(Supplement):S149, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2177662

ABSTRACT

Sturge weber syndrome (SWS) is a rare angiomatosis described in the pediatric population. There are only few cases with a late revelation in adulthood. We report a particular adult case of SWS revealed after a second dose of mRNA-COVID-19 vaccination. A 61-year-old man with cardiovascular factors presented with a set of escalating neurological symptoms (blurred vision, hemiparesis, headaches, CBH, convulsions, movement disorders) a month after he received his second dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine. Susceptibility weighted imaging on brain MRI showed enlarged transmedullary veins in the right parieto-occipital lobes as well as contrast enhancement of the same localization after gadolinium injection compatible with the diagnosis of cerebral angiomatosis. Lumbar puncture revealed a slight elevation of protein. Multiple EEGs and a video-monitoring EEG showed alternate, predominantly right hemisphere seizures not always accompanied by clinical manifestations. The evolution was marked by refractory seizures to anti-epileptic drugs and movement disorders only stabilized after 10 g of methylprednisolone. A complete panel of investigations was done to look for autoimmune or infectious encephalitis, metabolic encephalopathy, and systemic malignancy but all were negative. Clinical presentation of SWS includes a wide range of neurological symptoms (stroke-like episodes, migraine, blurred vision, seizures, etc.). Our patient had many of these symptoms and is classified as a type III SWS on the Roach Scale. However, the presence of movement disorders in this condition is not reported. The worsening of the patient under anti-epileptic medication was another red flag to the diagnosis of isolated SWS. Since the patient's recovery was only obtained after immunosuppressive therapy and no biological evidence of any other etiology of encephalopathy was found, the hypothesis of an autoimmune encephalitis on a fragile brain triggered by COVID-19 vaccination was the most probable explanation to this presentation. Throughout this case, we wanted to report another case of late-onset SWS meanwhile highlight the importance of further exploration of the possible connection between COVID-19 vaccination and autoimmune encephalitis. Copyright © 2022

7.
High Educ (Dordr) ; : 1-16, 2023.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2174573

ABSTRACT

This paper looks at the national and international geographic mobility paths of young graduates in Italy and their educational and professional trajectories. By departing from the research fields of youth studies, mobility studies and higher education studies, we aim to highlight the multiple meanings and effects that mobility experiences may have in structuring graduates' future projects and/or desires. On the other hand, we argue that their expectations for both their mobility experiences and careers are also shaped by family socialisation, considering furthermore that the building of embodied and scholastic cultural capitals is spatially differentiated depending on the places where they grow up. The empirical research is based on two rounds of semi-narrative interviews conducted with 51 Italian graduates between 2020 and 2021. For the analysis, we have outlined four types of mobility paths. For each type, we focus on how socio-structural and cultural variables influence the ways the interviewees framed their mobility and professional experiences, desires and projects, focusing furthermore on how the Covid-19 pandemic differently affected their objective possibilities and strategies of mobility between the first and second waves.

8.
American journal of community psychology ; 03, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2172355

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic and violence against people of Color during 2020 brought troubling racial inequities to the forefront of American discourse. In line with the Critical Consciousness (CC) and Social Justice Youth Development (SJYD) frameworks, emerging adults may have developed their capacity for critical reflection, motivation, and action against systemic inequities. We drew from interviews with 27 emerging adults (ages 18-23) across the US, and used thematic analysis to explore differences in their reflections, motivations to act, and actions based on their racial/ethnic identification. We found nuanced variability in their critical reflections based on self, social, or global awareness and experiences of marginalization. White and Asian emerging adults used vague language or expressed feeling their reflections were insufficient. Black and Latinx emerging adults emphasized the importance of education and raising awareness. Although all emerging adults took action based on a sense of duty, few engaged in critical action;decisions to take in-person action varied based on whether they viewed racism or COVID-19 as a greater threat. Findings demonstrate that emerging adults' experiences of racialization may have related to their CC development. We share implications for community psychologists conducting antiracist research addressing White fragility and dismantling racial hierarchy. Copyright © 2023 The Authors. American Journal of Community Psychology published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of Society for Community Research and Action.

9.
Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences ; 84(3-A):No Pagination Specified, 2023.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2170147

ABSTRACT

This study utilized narrative inquiry to learn the stories of early career teachers of students with disabilities as they navigated teaching during a global pandemic. Five early career teachers participated in a series of three semi-structured virtual interviews. Interviews were transcribed then analyzed using a six-phase approach to thematic analysis (Braun & Clarke, 2006). Nine themes were identified: Teaching, Communication, Parents, Special Education, Workload, Resources, Training and professional development, job satisfaction, and teacher preparation. Themes were organized and presented to answer the research questions of the study. The findings contribute to understanding pandemic-related challenges faced by early career teachers of students with disabilities. Implications for teacher preparation programs as well as P-12 districts are discussed. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved)

10.
Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences ; 84(3-A):No Pagination Specified, 2023.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2170146

ABSTRACT

This qualitative research explored the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on makerspaces in the United States which were subject to public health guidelines and challenged with limited/no access to facilities. This multi-case study examined two public library makerspaces, and addressed these research questions: (1) How did the pandemic affect makerspace operations and access, and the teaching and learning that occurs there? (2) How did makerspace leaders respond to the challenges of the pandemic? (3) How did makerspaces evolve during the COVID-19 pandemic? I developed the Conceptual Framework for Studying the Impact of Pandemic on Public Library Makerspaces which informed the research questions and functioned as template for the research. I collected data digitally and used qualitative coding for within- and cross-case analysis. Findings indicated that the makerspaces shifted from a physical to a virtual setting using community of practice elements. Makerspace staff responded to challenges by reallocating or seeking alternate funding, embracing virtual opportunities to engage patrons in events and instruction, implementing online scheduling calendars, and restructuring services to offer maximum events/access. The makerspaces evolved in terms of staffing, funding, operations, equipment, and offerings. Findings support makerspaces as communities of practice. The study informs makerspace professionals who are adapting to change. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved)

11.
Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy ; 35(4):255-267, 2021.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2170109

ABSTRACT

This study assesses distress and anxiety symptoms associated with quarantine due to COVID- 19 exposure among the first quarantined community in the United States and identifies potential areas of intervention. All participants were directly or peripherally related to "patient 1,"-the first confirmed community-acquired case of COVID-19 in the New York Area. As such, this is a historically significant sample whose experiences highlight a transitional moment from a pre-pandemic to a pandemic period in the United States. In March 2020, an anonymous survey was distributed to 1,250 members of a NYC area community that was under community-wide quarantine orders due to the COVID-19 outbreak. Distress was measured using the Subjective Units of Distress Scale (SUDS) and symptoms of anxiety were measured using the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). A variety of psychosocial predictors relevant to the current crisis were explored. Three hundred and three individuals responded within forty-eight hours of survey distribution. Mean levels of distress in the sample were heightened and sustained, with 69% reporting moderate to severe distress on the SUDS and 53% of the sample reported mild, moderate, or severe anxiety symptoms on the BAI. The greatest percentage of variance of distress and anxiety symptoms was accounted for by modifiable factors amenable to behavioral and psychological interventions. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved)

12.
Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences ; 84(3-A):No Pagination Specified, 2023.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2169633

ABSTRACT

Older adults who transition from hospital to cardiac rehabilitation settings often are vulnerable and at risk of experiencing adverse health care outcomes. Given the complexities of transitional care, it is crucial to engage older adults in the clinical decision-making process and to promote their active participation in their medical care. Older adults have unique ways of understanding their participation in the transitional care process. Gaining an in-depth understanding of their specific needs during this process can help inform clinical practice and interventions aiming to improve care for older adults living with cardiovascular disease. Focused ethnography methodology was used to explore the perspectives of older adults and health care providers on patient participation in transitional care from hospital to cardiac rehabilitation. The study also sought to identify and to gain a better and more in-depth understanding of the challenges and opportunities that shape participation for older adults during transitional care from hospital to cardiac rehabilitation. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 older adults and 6 healthcare providers from cardiac rehabilitation and cardiology units. Additional methods included document analysis and reflexive journaling. Thematic analysis revealed six themes and fifteen subthemes. Themes included: Follow-up from Healthcare Provides, Interactions with Healthcare Providers, Support from Family Members, Information about Medical Care and Rehabilitation, Decision-Making and Participation, and Healthcare Journey during COVID-19. Older adults reported gaps in follow-up and insufficient spaces or opportunities for participation in decision-making. Healthcare provider's support was reported as essential for a smooth transition, particularly nurses' support. The COVID-19 pandemic was mostly reported as a major barrier for participants, especially in terms of delayed medical procedures and difficult hospitalization experiences. Some participants, particularly those who seek social connection, viewed technology and virtual care negatively. However, virtual care delivery also was reported as a fruitful strategy to engage older adults in their care and to overcome transportation barriers. The results of this study can help inform the implementation of strategies that will engage older adults more actively in their care, as they transition from hospital to cardiac rehabilitation settings. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved)

13.
Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering ; 84(2-B):No Pagination Specified, 2023.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2169557

ABSTRACT

Restaurant staff are subjected to emotional labor due to the requirement of appearing welcoming and friendly to the people they are serving while experiencing high levels of stress. Emotional labor creates a dissonance between the person's outward presentation and their internal emotional experience. This study examined the impact of emotional labor on the lived experience of restaurant staff. This study's sample consisted of four female participants and four male participants, aged 27 to 40, who identified as restaurant staff in high-end restaurants in downtown Chicago. The interviews were administered using a semistructured format, which allowed participants the opportunity to elaborate using their own experiences. All interviews were conducted virtually via a secure video conferencing platform due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The interview data were qualitatively analyzed using interpretive phenomenological analysis (IPA) for an in-depth look at how people make sense of their personal lived experience. The results indicated that all eight participants experience challenges with emotional labor, including high expectations from guests, feelings of dehumanization, and implications to the high level of stress in their job. The aim of this study was to contribute to existing research in this area, to increase awareness of the high emotional demands of working in a restaurant, and to understand the lived experience of restaurant staff who undergo emotional labor. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

14.
Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences ; 84(3-A):No Pagination Specified, 2023.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2169509

ABSTRACT

While researchers have examined privacy among a wide range of users, there has been less focus on the perceptions of older adults, who may exhibit attitudes towards privacy that differ from their younger counterparts. Lower levels of awareness regarding potential online privacy violations, coupled with limited knowledge of protective measures that can be adopted to counter online attacks, are known to lead to negative outcomes for some older adults, including falling victim to scams and data breaches. The research described in this dissertation focuses on an investigation of older adults' privacy and security perceptions regarding digital and non-digital technologies, and identifies how their usage and adoption of tools and technologies are impacted by these perceptions. To this end, three studies have been conducted exploring the (1) complex privacy behaviors of older adults and comparisons with younger age groups, (2) adoption barriers and motivators of online security tools, and (3) experiences and concerns when older adults were required to transition to online communication during the COVID-19 pandemic. An exploratory study was initially conducted, to identify older adults' perceptions of usable privacy and general concerns about privacy threats, while drawing comparisons to findings from younger age groups. After identifying that perceptions of privacy impact older adults' adoption of these tools in the second study, a third study was conducted, which investigated how these perceptions impacted older adults who were either forced to adopt or who continued using online conferencing tools due to the social distancing requirements imposed during the COVID-19 pandemic. A qualitative inquiry was conducted to examine usable privacy and security, and to gain a deeper understanding of older adults' intricate mental models. Findings from the work described in this dissertation can be used to inform design guidance for interface developers and researchers aiming to support privacy among older groups of users. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved)

15.
Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering ; 84(2-B):No Pagination Specified, 2023.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2169172

ABSTRACT

School social workers focus on the growth and development of school-age youth by connecting students with resources in the school and community. One population that school social workers provide services for is youth with childhood traumatic backgrounds. This population may have increased behavioral problems, absenteeism, and lower academic achievement. The purpose of this generic qualitative study was to better understand what challenges school social workers face when advocating services for school-aged youth experiencing trauma due to neglect from being abandoned. Bronfenbrenner's ecological system theory was the conceptual framework. Ten licensed master social workers employed as school social workers in the Midlands region of South Carolina were recruited from school districts and public information. Data were collected through semistructured interviews. The five themes that emerged from content analysis of interview data were as follows: set-aside intervention time for school social work and related services, a restricted school environment and involvement, awareness concerning the need for family support, barriers to services before COVID-19 and during and after the COVID-19 shutdown, and development of skills to provide services in unpredictable circumstances. Implications for positive social change include policy-level changes within schools to include daily time for social work services and mandated training in the field of social work for trauma-informed care and preparedness during unprecedented events. By implementing these changes, school leaders and policy makers may be able to provide school social workers with the support and services they need to promote the well-being of youth in their care. . (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

16.
Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences ; 84(3-A):No Pagination Specified, 2023.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2169111

ABSTRACT

The shift to online education during the COVID-19 pandemic found secondary choral teachers moving traditional performance-based courses to the online venue. The pedagogical changes needed include implementing technology and disseminating information through learning management systems. Relationships between teachers and students, and teachers and colleagues, were challenged with the physical distance of quarantines in the Spring of 2020. This dissertation research project examined the difficulties six teachers faced concerning technology and relationships. I sat down for semi-structured interviews with six colleagues where I asked about their backgrounds, relationships with students and fellow colleagues, and the changes the pandemic brought to their perceptions of teaching. To conclude, I discussed the themes that arose and unexpected findings such as the importance of mental health for the educators and the change in content from curricular-driven to vital lifelines for communication during the height of the pandemic. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved)

17.
Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences ; 84(3-A):No Pagination Specified, 2023.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2168883

ABSTRACT

There is little emphasis on pain management education for healthcare providers. In September 2019, the Master of Clinical Science (MClSc) program in Advanced Healthcare Practice at Western University in London, Ontario introduced a new, "Interprofessional Pain Management" (IPM) field. The program follows a competency-based framework, and the learners are all practicing healthcare providers with a special interest in pain. Part of the purpose of this thesis is to describe the process of development and implementation. The objective is to provide educators and healthcare providers an in-depth look at how the pain education is experienced. This includes exploring the lived experience of physiotherapy students participating in a pain elective course, the lived experience of the first cohort of the IPM field, and again the first cohort of the IPM program as they experience the phenomenon of sudden change in clinical encounters including mentorship during COVID-19. The three studies all followed a hermeneutic phenomenological research design. Single semi-structured in-depth interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Each study was supported and guided by the work of van Manen (2016) for analysis and in identifying themes. Themes are described in each study. In sharing the narratives of the participants from all three studies, we hope it encourages educators and healthcare providers to reflect deeply on their current pain management training and practice. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved)

18.
Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences ; 84(3-A):No Pagination Specified, 2023.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2168881

ABSTRACT

This dissertation focused on the extent to which principal mentoring supported new principals' leadership for equitable outcomes for all students. Using a human-centered leadership framework, three principal mentoring pairs participated in a two-month study of their mentoring practices. A combination of individual and group interviews was used to explore the kinds of mentoring practices that were used and their impact on decision making and leadership in three Canadian elementary schools. Findings included the importance of social-emotional leadership. New principals needed encouragement and support as they led their schools through the COVID-19 pandemic. Understanding and awareness of current bias did not shift through conversations between mentors and mentees. Mentors and mentees engaged in storytelling and rehashing one's "aha moments." These past reflections affirmed existing assumptions and did not appear to shift mentees' mindsets or lead to resolutions for practice in future dilemmas. Mentors did not report discourse patterns that challenged existing practice or offered insight into tactics that might leverage participatory decision-making for long-term change. The results suggest the need for a structured principal mentoring program that focuses on leadership for equity. This approach to mentoring can be taught. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved)

19.
Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering ; 84(2-B):No Pagination Specified, 2023.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2168724

ABSTRACT

Over decades research has been conducted to measure connections between playing video games and mental health. Fewer studies have examined individual differences in motivations to play video games as an explaining factor in negative mental health symptoms experienced by adult gamers. This study utilized the Gaming Motivation Scale (GAMS) to capture the relationship between different types of motivation to play and negative mental health outcomes (anxiety, depression, and social phobia). Participants were 77 adults (age 18-40 81% male) who play 20 or more hours of video games a week. To mitigate the potential, influence the COVID-19 pandemic had on gaming habits, participants were asked to identify gaming habits prior to COVID-19 (between March 2019-Febuary 2020) and after (since March 2020). The study's hypotheses were that higher endorsements of "amotivation scores" on the GAMS will correlate with higher depression scores;that those who endorse higher "introjected regulation" will show higher levels of depression, anxiety, and social phobia scores;and that those who endorse higher "integrated regulation" will have lower levels of anxiety, social phobia, and depression scores. It was found that the GAMS was not a significant predictor of mental health problems, and no relationships were found between number of hours spent playing, motivation type, and mental health outcomes. Although the hypotheses were not supported, the results give rise to a possible interpretation: That adults who spent a large amount of time playing video games do not necessarily experience mental health problems. The overall levels of clinical depression, anxiety, or social phobia were in fact fairly low. Motivation to play video games and time spent playing do not necessarily correlate with mental health itself. Even though the number of hours spent playing video games increased during the COVID-19 pandemic, time spent playing did not correlate with negative mental health symptoms. With a history of stigma towards video games, the study's findings may reiterate the importance of comprehensive assessment to create stronger distinctions between clients who present with clinically significant uses and those who engage with gaming in the context of a passion or a hobby. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

20.
Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering ; 84(2-B):No Pagination Specified, 2023.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2168605

ABSTRACT

This study considered three main aims of (1) developing and validating a tool to measure parental perceived child mental health (MH) stigma, (2) determining whether perceived stigma levels corresponded in any way to parental identities, and (3) producing a decision-making process flow identifying where barriers such as perceived child MH stigma may affect families dealing with child MH issues. Recruitment of parents/guardians (18 years or older) with children (under the age of 18 years) was done through convenience and respondent-driven sampling in Phoenix, Arizona. A 44-prompt MH stigma tool was developed and validated (N = 65, Cronbach's alpha 0.89) prior to utilizing (N = 623) it to measure levels of perceived child MH stigma in the community. Analysis of variance showed potential significant (p < .005) interactions among education, income, and race/ethnicity (white, non-Hispanic/Latinx and Hispanic/Latinx) and levels of stigma. Specifically, higher education and lower income among the Hispanic/Latinx population in Phoenix showed a greater likelihood for higher levels of perceived child MH stigma. Factor analysis yielded three underlying factors of this stigma: interaction with MH, discrimination, and positive aspects. Content and thematic analysis of free response questions in the survey conveyed parents talk about MH diagnoses differently between general MH and child MH (e.g., child MH included ADD/ADHD while general MH included anxiety and schizophrenia). Fifteen, one hour-long, semi-structured interviews were completed, transcribed, and analyzed using narrative analysis to develop a parental decision-making process flow. The resulting flow showed parents went through informal methods of accessing MH care (e.g., research, awareness of MH issue) prior to formal methods such as seeking medical experts or school support. While the study was able to address these three aims, a significant shift in the landscape of MH occurred with the COVID-19 pandemic, increasing child MH risk and decreasing care access. This study developed a tool and set of methods that may be applied to identify changes in perceived child MH stigma and in how parents make decisions to access child MH care. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

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