Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 36
Filter
1.
Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering ; 83(11-B):No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2047048

ABSTRACT

Cyberbullying is still a phenomenon that has gained global recognition over the past couple of years but still requires more research to fully understand the scope of the issue so that programs and strategies that effectively minimize the occurrence and the effect on individuals. Today's GenX are more intuned to cyber than the millennials with constant exposure to technology with such things a Metaverse, online learning, online classes during COVID, video chat, skype, Instagram, Tik Tok, etc. The purpose of this study was to gain a better understanding of the growing phenomenon of cyberbullying from the young adult perspective on anger aggression and age relation to cyberbullying behavior by comparing the experience of 45 participants each from the US and Germany's adolescent and young adult experiences. In order to gain an understanding of the young adult perspective a survey was conducted using questions from Cyber-Aggression Questionnaire for Adolescents (CYBA), Oleweus Bullying Survey, and the Youth Truth Student Survey and young adults ages 18 to 21 were recruited to participate. The QTB and CBI scales were used to score responses. SPSS was used to evaluate the data. Results showed a significance with relation to age being associated with the anger aggression stages and cyberbullying behavior, p < .05;and age as influencer of cyberbullying behavior, p <.05;and learning to control anger as a mitigator of cyberbullying p,.01. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

2.
Journal of Community Psychology ; 50(6):2531-2764, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2044735

ABSTRACT

This special issue consists of 12 papers that explore how synergistic connections between COVID-19 and many health and well-being variables unfolded across the world with different vulnerable populations, including survivors of sexual assault, people with disabilities, college students, Black Americans, caregivers, survivors of domestic violence, pregnant women, and people living in low-income neighborhoods.

3.
PLoS Global Public Health ; 2(6), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2021488

ABSTRACT

As with previous global public health emergencies, the COVID-19 pandemic has had distinct and disproportionate impacts on women and their health and livelihoods. As the leader in global public health, it is incumbent upon the World Health Organization (WHO) to ensure gender is prioritized in pandemic response. We conducted a policy analysis of 338 WHO COVID-19 documents and found that only 20% explicitly discuss gender and over half do not mention women, gender, or sex at all. Considering the well documented gendered effects of pandemics and the WHO's commitment to gender mainstreaming, this paper: (1) asks to what degree and how the WHO incorporates a gender inclusive approach;(2) maps where and how gender considerations are included;and (3) analyses what this suggests about WHO's commitment to gender mainstreaming within its COVID-19 response and beyond. We demonstrate that WHO should increase its gender mainstreaming efforts and incorporate gender considerations related to health emergencies more often and in more policy areas.

4.
Revue Adolescence ; 40(1):175-192, 2022.
Article in French | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1994264

ABSTRACT

The lockdowns due to Covid-19 led to a sharp increase in hospitalizations of adolescents for severe anorexia. Though the clinical profile was typical, the investment of hospitalization and treatment was quite unusual. The investment of a space of one's own enabled a resumption of boundary-work, restoring the differentiation between fantasy and reality, allowing a process of subjectal appropriation to resume, and putting at a distance the traumatic invasion and the oral regression provoked by the pandemic. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved) (French) Les confinements lies au Covid-19 ont entraine une forte augmentation des hospitalisations pour anorexie severe chez des adolescents. Si le tableau clinique etait typique, l'investissement de l'hospitalisation et des soins etait tres inhabituel. L'investissement d'un espace a soi, a permis la reprise d'un travail de frontiere entrainant la restauration de la differenciation realite/fantasme, la reprise d'un processus d'appropriation subjectale et la mise a distance de l'effraction traumatique et la regression orale induites par la pandemie. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved) (Spanish) Los confinamientos vinculados al covid-19 han ocasionado una fuerte aumentacion de hospitalizaciones por anorexia severa de adolescentes. Si el cuadro clinico era tipico, el manejo de la hospitalizacion y de la cura resulto muy inhabitual. La ocupacion de un espacio para si mismo, ha permitido de retomar un trabajo de frontera permitiendo asi, la restauracion de la diferenciacion realidad/fantasia pero tambien de relanzar el proceso de apropiacion subjetiva y la distanciacion de la efraccion traumatica y la regresion oral que fue inducida por la pandemia. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

5.
Acta Psychol (Amst) ; 227: 103612, 2022 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1982446

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has brought unprecedented challenges for adolescents, who tended to experience more emotional instability, impulsivity, and aggressive behavior driven by the fear of infection and the uncertainty of network information. In the present study, we investigated the relationship between Internet addiction and aggressive behavior, and the mediating effects of depression and anxiety. There were differences in Internete addiction and aggressive behavior in gender, thus the moderating role of gender between them were explored. A total of 1148 middle school students were invited to complete the Buss Perry Aggression Questionnaire, the Internet Addition Scale, the Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS), and the Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) separately. The results suggested that 1) there was a significant positive correlation between Internet addiction and aggressive behavior; 2) anxiety, but not depression, mediated the effect of Internet addiction on aggressive behavior; 3) gender did not moderate the effect of Internet addiction on aggressive behavior. The practical implication of the current findings on boosting adolescents' mental health was discussed and further suggestions were provided.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Internet Addiction Disorder , Adolescent , Aggression/psychology , Anxiety/epidemiology , Anxiety/psychology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Depression/epidemiology , Depression/psychology , Humans , Internet , Internet Addiction Disorder/epidemiology , Pandemics
6.
Duazary ; 19(2):85-94, 2022.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1934854

ABSTRACT

At present it is going through a global pandemic that forced the human being to adopt different ways of relating and doing their daily tasks, for that reason we wanted to make a comparison of the depressive symptoms of caregivers, the perception of the function family and internalized and externalized problems in children aged two to five years, in three groups interviewed at three times: 1) before quarantine by COVID-19 in Colombia, 2) during the first three weeks of quarantine and 3 ) from the fourth to the sixth week of quarantine. The questionnaires used measured: sociodemographic characteristics, the perception of the impact of COVID-19 on the lives of individuals, the perception of family-function, depressive symptoms of caregivers, and the behavior and emotional state of children. Aggressive behavior (Mean = 8,79;p = 0,000), anxiety (3,85;p = 0,025) and attention problems (2,53;p = 0,023) were found to be higher in the third group studied. The perception of family function was more positive in the third group (Average: 14,06;p = 0,006).Alternate :La cuarentena por la pandemia de COVID-19, trajo consigo diversos retos para las familias con niños pequeños. Muchos niños dejaron de ir al parque, a los centros de desarrollo infantil, a donde los abuelos. Por esa razón, el objetivo de este estudio fue comparar los síntomas depresivos de cuidadores(as), la percepción de la función familiar y los problemas internalizados y externalizados en niños(as) de dos a cinco años, en tres grupos entrevistados en tres momentos: 1) antes de la cuarentena por COVID-19 en Colombia, 2) durante las tres primeras semanas de cuarentena y 3) de la cuarta a la sexta semana de cuarentena. Los cuestionarios usados midieron: características sociodemográficas, la percepción del impacto del COVID-19 en la vida de los individuos, la percepción de la función-familiar, los síntomas depresivos de cuidadores, y el comportamiento y estado emocional de los niños. Se halló que el comportamiento agresivo (Media= 8,79;p=0,000), la ansiedad (3,85;p=0,025) y los problemas de atención (2,53;p=0,023) fueron más altos en el tercer grupo estudiado. La percepción de la función familiar fue más positiva en el tercer grupo (Media: 14,06;p=0,006).

7.
Trakia Journal of Sciences ; 20(1):65-73, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934741

ABSTRACT

Social isolation (SI) exerts a harmful effect on brain plasticity even in healthy animals and humans. We reported some new connections between aggressive behavior and SI, and new mechanisms of SI damaging effect on experimental rodents in previous studies. SARS-CoV-2 exhibits neurotropism through its affinity for the ACE2 receptor in endothelial cells found in the brain. The neurotropism in the disease caused by the new coronavirus accords with a wide spectrum of neurological, psychiatric and psychological symptoms. It had been reported that up to almost 43% of SARS survivors developed long-lasting psychiatric morbidity that persisted at 4 years follow up with main diagnoses in diminishing order of representation: posttraumatic stress disorders, depression, panic disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Full assessment of the long-term risk of neurological and psychological complications will be greatly needed once the coronavirus pandemic is over. Based on current data and the reported experience with SARS-CoV we hypothesize that the neurobehavioral sequelae of the disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 will necessitate close interaction between emergency medicine and psychological support. The role of social support for the restoration of post-Covid neuropsychological damage is essential because the human being is not only a biological object but also a social subject who needs support from other humans.

8.
Bulgarian Journal of Public Health ; 14(1):45-67, 2022.
Article in English, Bulgarian | GIM | ID: covidwho-1919030

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The emergence of the new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 and the resulting COVID-19 pandemic have challenged all aspects of social and economic life in different countries, their health care systems, as well as the mental health of the population. The introduction of anti-epidemic measures with different duration and severity temporarily deprived of any of democratic freedoms and achievements and marked social communication with new rules. The tension and fear of the unknown, caused by the new disease, limited access to health facilities, impoverishment and job loss, increased mortality, restriction of contacts affected somewhat the mentality of every human being. Various researchers, including in Bulgaria, report significant negative effects on mental health, as this situation shows a clear negative trend. Aim: The article aims to present the second phase of the NCPHA study on the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health of Bulgarian citizens.

9.
Bali Medical Journal ; 10(3 Special Issue):1279-1284, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1912309

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Indonesia has experienced a crisis due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Both adults and children are affected by the crisis. The incidence of COVID-19 in children is not as many as in adults, but prevention efforts need to be done by families. Likewise for children with special needs. The article aims to explain family effort in preventing COVID-19 on children with special needs. Method: A systematic literature review was conducted to identify papers on family efforts to prevent COVID-19 in children with special needs using the PubMed databases between 1st of January and 31st of December 2020. The search identified 15 relevant scientific papers.

10.
Journal of Global Health Reports ; 6(e2022002), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1893656

ABSTRACT

Background: In May 2020, the international non-governmental organization Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere (CARE) sought to enable health systems in Tanzania to address COVID-19 health response. CARE leveraged existing partnerships with the Ministry of Health, Community Development, Gender, Elderly and Children and the President's Office of Regional Administration and Local Government in the largest geographic region of Tanzania, Tabora Region. At the time, the government declared Tanzania to be free from COVID-19 and did not permit partners to implement COVID-19 programming. In this context, CARE implemented integrated health systems strengthening support for government response to not only COVID-19 but also other infectious diseases.

11.
Revista Espanola de Salud Publica ; 94(e202010131), 2020.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-1887596

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to share the reflections related to the community actions in which the Agencia de Salut Publica de Barcelona has been involved during the emergency of COVID-19. The tasks carried out can be arranged in three stages, frequently overlapping: detection of needs and problems;contact with key stakeholders to assess what to do and how to do it;adaptation of the interventions to the "new normal" and generation of new responses. The emerging problems included: not being able to do the confinement (due to homelessness, material conditions, living in a situation of violence);digital gap (lack of knowledge, devices, access to Wifi);greater exposure to COVID-19 in the essential but precarious, feminized and racialized jobs (care, cleaning, food shops) that are the most frequent in the neighborhoods in where we work;language and cultural barriers that preclude to follow recommendations;to lose employment;insufficient income to cover basic needs;social isolation;and the deterioration of emotional health caused by the situation. During the process, some interventions were adapted to be delivered on-line. Solidarity networks and local resources were key to meet basic needs, but also other needs related to lack of digital knowledge or device. Community action in health, from a critical, intersectional and local perspective, and with intersectoral work and community participation, can contribute to: facilitate a contextualized response in the event of a health crisis;mitigate the effects derived from its economic and social crisis.

12.
Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work ; 19(3):287-303, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1877123

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Since the outbreak of COVID-19 in China, social workers have participated in fighting the virus in interprofessional teams. This exploratory study examined social workers' experiences in interprofessional practice during the early stage of combating COVID-19. Method: We used a purposive sampling strategy to recruit social workers. Ten semi-structured, in-depth interviews and thematic analyses were conducted. Results: Results indicate that social workers experienced ambiguous professional identities and role confusion in interprofessional teams;found communication to be key to interprofessional practice;and identified facilitators and barriers at the organizational level. Conclusion: The interprofessional practice in fighting COVID-19 has less mature or formal forms in China. Recommendations for promoting social workers' roles in interprofessional practice in China are discussed. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

13.
Revista Espanola de Salud Publica ; 95(e202110154), 2021.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-1871653

ABSTRACT

Background: Internationally, there was a warning of the risk of increased domestic violence during lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic, including child-to-parent violence. The objective of our study was to assess the prevalence of different violent behaviors from children to parents during pre-lockdown, lockdown and immediately after, between March 14 and June 20, 2020, and to assess differences in behaviors between pre-lockdown and lockdown and between pre-lockdown and post-lockdown.

14.
Revista Cubana de Salud Publica ; 48:1, 2022.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-1871403

ABSTRACT

Introduction:COVID-19 due to its global dimension and the strong changes it has generated in the dynamics of life has become a phenomenon with repercussions in all social contexts and in individual or collective psychology, to which sexual and reproductive health does not escape.

15.
Journal of Global Health Reports ; 5(e2021070), 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1865733

ABSTRACT

Background: There is a consensus that children's needs have not been sufficiently prioritized during the COVID-19 pandemic, and their right to a safe and healthy childhood has been compromised to an extent, worldwide. A comprehensive assessment of population- and individual-level changes associated with COVID-19 and its pandemic response measures could be undertaken using the human exposome concept. The exposome is defined as the totality of environmental exposures from conception onwards, including the endogenous response. The objective of this study was to conduct a narrative review using an exposome approach exploring short-term changes in the children's exposome profile (< 18 years old) associated with the COVID-19 measures implemented in the Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR).

16.
Journal of Global Health Reports ; 5(e2021063), 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1865732

ABSTRACT

Background: Emerging data, media reports, and anecdotal evidence suggest that domestic violence (DV) has increased during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, more detailed data are needed on the magnitude, forms, and causes of DV during COVID-19 in different contexts worldwide. We sought to contribute such evidence from the perspective of community health workers (CHWs) in low-middle income countries in three different regions of the world.

17.
Texila International Journal of Public Health ; 10(1), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1865691

ABSTRACT

As we move towards HIV epidemic control in Cameroon, we strive to limit the number of new infections by maintaining on-treatment PWHIV. The emergence of the Covid-19 pandemic may cause interruptions in HIV treatment and slow progression. COVID-19 control measures have caused;the lockdown of businesses, some health services, and imposed work from home, with intimate partners and more people spending longer hours together at home. As a consequence, there is an increased risk of gender-based violence (GBV). GBV can affect adherence to treatment in PWHIV and prevent them from accessing health services. The main objective of the study was to determine the effect of Covid-19 and GBV on the uptake of HIV services by assessing interruptions in treatment. Using a structured questionnaire, demographic data, Information on COVID-19 and intimate partner violence were obtained from 339 participants between 15 and 60 years old, taking HIV treatment at the Touboro district hospital. We used the Antiretroviral treatment register of the health facility to extract data on the frequency and duration of interruption in treatment. The Prevalence of intimate partner violence was high in our study participants, although interruption in treatment was only significant in respondents who reported verbal abuse. A strong association was observed between Covid 19 and interruption in treatment. There was equally an association between Covid-19 and an increase in intimate IPV. Other Socio-demographic variables found to affect interruption in treatment were level of Education of the partner, Age difference with intimate partner greater than 10 years, and early years on antiretroviral therapy. According to the study, Both Gender-based violence (IPV) and Covid-19 affect interruption in antiretroviral treatment.

18.
PLoS Global Public Health ; 2(4), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1854946

ABSTRACT

During the COVID-19 pandemic, workplace violence was widespread against healthcare personnel. Workplace violence (WPV) against nurses exhilarates their turnover intention (TI). The objective of this study was to investigate the association between workplace violence and turnover intention and also identify other factors associated with TI among Bangladeshi female nurses. An exploratory cross-sectional study was carried out among 881 female nurses between April 26 and July 10, 2021. The TI of the female nurses was the outcome variable of this study. The primary exposure variable was WPV faced by the nurses. Workplace Violence Scale (WPVS) was used to measure the WPV, and Turnover Intention Scale-6 (TIS-6) was used to measure the TI of the nurses. Multiple linear regression model was fitted to find the adjusted association of TI with WPV and other study variables. A stratified analysis by type of job (government vs. private) was also performed. The majority of the nurses (74.46%) faced low to high levels of WPV. The overall mean score of TIS was found 16.33 (+or- 4.72). Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that compared to government jobholders, the mean score of TIS (15.81 vs. 17.20) was found significantly higher among the private jobholders (p < 0.001). Nurses exposed to the intermediate and high level of WPV had a significantly higher TI score (beta = 4.35, 95% CI: 3.36, 5.34) than the non-exposures. The TI of private jobholders was found significantly higher (beta = 2.04, 95% CI: 1.09, 3.00) than the government jobholders. Compared to diploma degree holders, significantly higher TI was observed among the B.Sc. degree holders (beta = 0.86, 95% CI: 0.22, 1.55) and M.Sc. degree holders (beta = 1.46, 95% CI: 0.58, 2.34). Besides, the nurses who did not get timely salaries scored higher TI (beta = 1.17, 95% CI: 0.12, 2.22). Moreover, the nurses who did not receive any training against WPV scored significantly higher TI (beta = 1.89, 95% CI: 1.03, 2.74). The stratified analysis by type of job also revealed significant factors of TI in government and private settings. This study found a high prevalence of WPV and a high rate of TI among Bangladeshi female nurses. Moreover, this study explored an association between WPV and TI. The study findings could help policymakers facilitate a comfortable working environment by preventing WPV and addressing the factors to reduce nurses' frequent TI.

19.
PLoS Global Public Health ; 2(4), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1854944

ABSTRACT

Cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) detected, and COVID-19 associated mortality increased since the first case was confirmed in Uganda. While adherence to WHO-recommended measures to disrupt COVID-19 transmission has since been implemented, it has been reported to be sub-optimal. An increase in intimate partner violence (IPV) cases was linked to enforcement of COVID-19 lockdowns and other preventive measures especially in informal settings of Kampala. We determined the association between adherence to COVID-19 preventive measures and intimate partner violence among women dwelling in informal settings in Kampala, Uganda. Between July and October 2020, we conducted a three-month prospective cohort study of 148 women living in informal settlements of Kampala during the COVID-19 lockdown and easing of restrictive measures. Participants were surveyed at baseline, at 3-weeks and 6-weeks (endline). The dependent variable was adherence to COVID-19 preventive measures (remained adherent vs poorly adherent) between baseline and endline surveys. This composite outcome variable was computed from implementing all four variables: social distancing, wearing face masks, frequent hand washing and use of hand sanitizers at baseline and endline surveys. The key independent variable was IPV measured as experiencing at least one form of physical, emotional, or sexual IPV. Covariates were age, education, marital status, household size, occupation, and having problems getting food. Adjusted logistic regression analyses tested the independent association between adherence to COVID-19 preventive measures and intimate partner violence. Among 148 respondents, the mean age (SD) was 32.9 (9.3) years, 58.1% were exposed to at least one form of IPV, and 78.2% had problems getting food. Overall, 10.1% were poorly adherent to COVID-19 preventive measures during the first COVID-19 wave. After controlling for potential confounders, remaining adherent to COVID-19 preventive measures were more likely to experience intimate partner violence when compared to women who were poorly adherent to COVID-19 preventive measures during the first COVID-19 wave in Uganda [OR 3.87 95%CI (1.09, 13.79)]. Proportions of women in informal settlements of Kampala experiencing at least one form of IPV during the first COVID-19 wave is substantial. Remaining adherent to preventive measures for COVID-19 transmission may increase IPV exposure risk among women living in informal settlements in Kampala. Contextualizing COVID-19 interventions to the needs of marginalized and vulnerable women and girls in informal settings of Kampala is warranted. Processes to integrated violence prevention and response strategies into the Uganda COVID-19 prevention strategy are underscored.

20.
Journal of Museum Education ; 46(4):406-416, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1839846

ABSTRACT

The dual pandemic that started in 2020, COVID-19 and events revealing systemic racism, has increased awareness about violence against Asian American and Pacific Islander communities across the United States. This article describes how the Smithsonian Asian Pacific American Center, a "museum without walls," collaborated with a group of educators to co-create video resources for teaching and learning AAPI histories and stories.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL