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1.
Russian Journal of Agricultural and Socio Economic Sciences ; 12(132):113-122, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2204612

ABSTRACT

Earthquake is the vibrations on the earth's surface due to the sudden release of energy from the earthquake center in the earth. The released energy propagates through the ground in the form of vibrations. It is a natural ground movement caused by a variety of phenomena, including tectonic processes, volcanism, and explosions, as well as collapse. An earthquake with a magnitude of 7.4 on the Richter Scale that rocked the Central Sulawesi region caused the tsunami that hit the Talise Beach and the liquefaction in Petobo and Balaroa of Palu City, as well as the liquefaction in Sibalaya of Sigi Regency. After the disaster, the Sigi area, especially Bulubete Village, was the subject of flash floods due to the changes in waterways which should pass into the residential area instead through the river. This study aimed to determine the Development of Beef Cattle Breeding Business at the Public Animal Husbandry School (SPR) in Sigi Regency during the Covid-19 pandemic as well as the earthquake, tsunami, and liquefaction. This research was conducted from March to May 2022. The location of this research was determined based on purposively. This research was conducted in Bulubete Village of Sigi Regency. Population method was used in determining the number of samples which was also used as the sample of 36 breeders. The result obtained in this study was that natural disasters and the spread of covid-19 greatly affected the development of the cattle business at Anutapura SPR of Bulubete Village of South Dolo District of Sigi Regency. The population and demand at Anutapura SPR experienced a sales trend after the disaster and the covid-19 pandemic. In this case, the cattle population increased before the natural disaster and decreased after the natural disaster coupled with the covid-19 pandemic which affected the demand for beef.

2.
Revista FSA ; 19(12):79-108, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2203755

ABSTRACT

Accounting in agricultural activity plays a role as a management tool, because through the information available, they are intended to reduce production costs, avoid waste and improve planning. However, there are external factors that can directly influence ownership and decision making. Thus, this study aimed to analyze how accounting can help rural producers, in the face of external factors, in agribusiness in the central region of the state of Rio Grande do Sul. Thus, a survey was conducted, applied to 60 (sixty) rural producers. The research was classified as descriptive and explanatory, qualitative, quantitative, and its data was collected through a questionnaire. The results found showed that 80% of the farmers in the region plan with defined goals and stages, 45% of them annually, with notes made in notebooks. Regarding the search for information, only 3% said they had an accountant as a reference, and 30% said they did not use accounting information at any time. As for the income tax declaration and for the planning and calculation of production costs, the use of accounting information proved to be frequent. As for external factors, the region's producers consider the exchange rate and credit policies to be the most important, since there was a meeting between the levels of use of accounting information and planning. However, not discarding the importance related to pest factors, covid-19 and climate, due to the distance observed. Finally, the research showed the relevance and timeliness that accounting information provides to producers, in the face of external factors, enabling more assertive decision-making. (English) [ FROM AUTHOR]

3.
Revista De Gestao E Secretariado-Gesec ; 13(3):1890-1908, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2203457

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to analyze the economic and financial performance of the four largest companies in the Meat Agribusiness Sector listed on B3 S.A., before and after the onset of the Coronavirus Pandemic (period from 2018 to 2020). The analysis was carried out by means of financial indicators of capital structure and profitability, focusing in particular on the DuPont Identity, calculated based on values of accounting accounts in the companies' financial statements. The collection was performed through the structured financial statements presented on the B3 S.A. website and with the use of the Economatica database. The research is characterized as descriptive, documentary, and quantitative. Comparing the percentages corresponding to the indicators for each year and the economic scenario of the period, the research used Pearson's Correlation to analyze the relationship between the variations of the indicators with respect to the variation of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the Livestock Branch, in the period studied. Among the main findings, a significant improvement of the Return on Assets and Return on Equity, in medium and strong positive correlations with the sector's GDP growth, is evident. Furthermore, an extremely strong positive correlation was found between the companies' Revenue from Goods and Services and the Livestock Industry GDP. It is concluded that, overall, in addition to the sector's GDP growth, despite the economic crisis resulting from the pandemic, companies raised their revenues and improved profitability and profitability.

4.
Revista de Gestão e Secretariado ; 13(3):1890-1908, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2203456

ABSTRACT

Este estudo objetivou analisar o desempenho econômico-financeiro das quatro maiores empresas do Setor do Agronegócio da carne listadas na B3 S.A., antes e após o início da Pandemia do Coronavírus (período de 2018 a 2020). A análise foi realizada por meio de indicadores financeiros de estrutura de capital e rentabilidade, com foco em especial na Identidade DuPont, calculados com base em valores de contas contábeis das demonstrações financeiras das empresas. A coleta foi realizada por meio das demonstrações contábeis estruturadas e apresentadas no site da B3 S.A. e com o uso da base de dados Economática. A pesquisa se caracteriza como descritiva, de caráter documental e de abordagem quantitativa. Em comparação aos percentuais correspondentes aos indicadores de cada ano e ao cenário econômico do período, a pesquisa utilizou a Correlação de Pearson para a análise das relações entre as variações dos indicadores com relação à variação do Produto Interno Bruto (PIB) do Ramo Pecuário, no período estudado. Entre os principais achados, evidencia-se uma melhora significativa do Retorno sobre o Ativo e do Retorno sobre o Patrimônio Líquido, em correlações positivas médias e fortes com o crescimento do PIB do setor. Além disso, encontrou-se correlação positiva extremamente forte entre a Receita de Bens e Serviços das empresas e o PIB do Ramo Pecuário. Conclui-se que, no geral, além do crescimento do PIB do setor, apesar da crise econômica resultante da pandemia, as empresas elevaram seu faturamento e melhoraram a lucratividade e a rentabilidade.Alternate :This study aimed to analyze the economic and financial performance of the four largest companies in the Meat Agribusiness Sector listed on B3 S.A., before and after the onset of the Coronavirus Pandemic (period from 2018 to 2020). The analysis was carried out by means of financial indicators of capital structure and profitability, focusing in particular on the DuPont Identity, calculated based on values of accounting accounts in the companies' financial statements. The collection was performed through the structured financial statements presented on the B3 S.A. website and with the use of the Economática database. The research is characterized as descriptive, documentary, and quantitative. Comparing the percentages corresponding to the indicators for each year and the economic scenario of the period, the research used Pearson's Correlation to analyze the relationship between the variations of the indicators with respect to the variation of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the Livestock Branch, in the period studied. Among the main findings, a significant improvement of the Return on Assets and Return on Equity, in medium and strong positive correlations with the sector's GDP growth, is evident. Furthermore, an extremely strong positive correlation was found between the companies' Revenue from Goods and Services and the Livestock Industry GDP. It is concluded that, overall, in addition to the sector's GDP growth, despite the economic crisis resulting from the pandemic, companies raised their revenues and improved profitability and profitability.

5.
IOP Conference Series. Earth and Environmental Science ; 1107(1):012114, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2160865

ABSTRACT

The Covid-19 pandemic, changes in global political and security conditions, and climate change have brought significant changes to the food production, consumption, and supply chain. The impact of these changes is transmitted to the farm level. Farmers face not only production risk and price risk, but also the risk of market changes triggered by changes in business orientation on fulfilling consumer pReferences. The purpose of this study is to identify changes in the socio-economic and political environment and their impact on farmers and farming, as well as to analyse the responses needed for extension to remain effective and relevant in carrying out its role. This study employed a descriptive comparative approach. Qualitative data obtained through literature studies based on journal articles. This study found that changes in the business environment not only affect farmers and farming but also the food agribusiness system from upstream to downstream. The conventional extension approach is increasingly turning into a more flexible approach and is not only oriented to the needs of farmers but also considers the needs or pReferences of consumers. Extension is no longer a domain or carried out by public institutions but also by private institutions or companies as well. The results of this study are useful for the formulation of public policies in the field of extension as part of responding to changes in the busiess environment, climate change, and information technology.

6.
IOP Conference Series. Earth and Environmental Science ; 1107(1):012092, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2160862

ABSTRACT

The general objective of the research were to analyse the acceleration of economic recovery and food security of smalllholder farmer househols post the 2018 earthquake and COVID-19 pandemic era through empowering farmer groups of dry land horticulture agribusiness based. The specific objective was determining and analysing the effect of the Pentha-helix approach, sinergy among Higher Education Institution, Local Government, Agricultural Extension officer, Bank and private enterprise in empowering farmers. It's mission were Better Farming, Better Business and Better Living. It was the longitudinal action research by implementing Participatory Action Research. The data was recoded from farmers target groups and 60 smallholder farmers in three villages nearby the pilot project village. The cross classification between food expenditure and sufficiency of energy consumption was used to measure the degree of food security of household. It's concluded that developing agribusiness of upland horticulture has high potential for reinforcement of economic recovery of smalholder farmer's household post the 2018 earthquakes and during pandemic COVID-19 era. Implementing Triple Helix and Pentahelix approach have a possitive impact for strenghtening and recovering economy of smalholders farmers households. They were in enough food category which depicted by 85.50% degree of energy consumption. Food scurity based on distribution of household food need was in the category of low expenditure of food (less than 60%). Food scurity of household based on cross combination between the dergree of energy consumption and the proportion of food expenditure were 61% of them were resistance to food scurity, 30.85% of household were vulnerable of food scurity, and 6.20% of households were troubled of food scurity and 61.25% of them were lack of food. They realize that North Lombok region is a tourism destination, so that they have high instrinsik motivation for growing vegetable crops and seasonal fruits. Therefore, supplying high economic value of vegetables and fruits, quality insurance and friendly environment of vegetables and fruits are needed to be sustained through implementing the penta helix approch.

7.
IOP Conference Series. Earth and Environmental Science ; 1107(1):012082, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2160860

ABSTRACT

Enterprise upgrading strategy is related to investment decisions by MSMEs as investors, closely related to the sustainable development of business. This research aims to identify determinants upgrading, the risks faced and the performance of Agribusiness MSMEs in Palu, and also the influence of determinants upgrading on the performance of Agribusiness MSMEs in Palu during the COVID-19 pandemic. The response of the research on the characteristics of entrepreneurs earned an average of 4.04. It means that the characteristics of entrepreneurs include the "GOOD” category. Other while the response for company characteristics earned an average of 4.41, which gives the meaning of employer characteristics including the "VERY GOOD” category. The response for business and social networks, gained an average of 4.43, entering the category of "VERY GOOD” and last the response to risk earned an average of 3.04 including the "MEDIUM” category. The constant value (α) has a value of -5,633 which means that if the characteristics of entrepreneurs (X1), company characteristics (X2), business and social networks (X3), and business environment (X4) are equal to zero (0), then agribusiness MSMEs will be decreased. The results of the analysis of business characteristic variables (X1), corporate characteristics (X2), business and social activities (X3), and business environment (X4) partially have a significant effect on the performance of Agribusiness MSMEs.

8.
Acta Agronomica Ovariensis ; 62(3):141-170, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2156728

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has affected almost every sector of the economy, including international trade in food and agro-based products. The aim of the study is to examine the international trade of food and agro-based products among several countries in the pre- and in-pandemic period, focusing on the first four waves of pandemic. The study concludes that the COVID-19 pandemic has affected international trade in food and agro-based products due to government restrictions (border closures, export-import restrictions). In some countries, there was a shortage of some goods only initially for a transitional period, but as global supply was still satisfactory, an optimal distribution of products among countries was able to eliminate any shortages. The greatest negative impact of the pandemic has been on US trade, but it has spilled over to almost every country, especially its two main trading partners, the European Union and China. In terms of products, the biggest disruptions were in international trade in meat and meat preparation, fish and other aquatic invertebrates, and tobacco products. In addition to government restrictions, consumer habits have also changed to which actors have had to adapt. In addition, some of the habits have remained, which will also have an impact on future trade. International trade cannot be completely demolished but in the future countries must also prepare locally for similar unexpected shocks.

9.
AGRIS On-line Papers in Economics and Informatics ; 14(3):3-16, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2118254

ABSTRACT

At present, shifting the workforce to a home-based work environment was and is a necessary response to Covid-19 crisis. In the post-pandemic work environment, e-working may continue being popular even in agribusiness. The study objective was to examine the motives for adopting face-to-display working environments within selected V4 countries and Austria in 2019, with the study being done in terms of the various components related to the spread of e-working. The study adopted Spearman's Rho correlation using 16 numerical variables to measure the strength of association between two variables (e-working and 16 numerical variables). This study investigated the impact of 16 selected factors in determining e-workability in V4 countries and Austria. The study found that when e-working and the percentage of GDP services are considered, a very strong positive correlation is indicated: As the GDP increases, the probability of e-working increases. High levels of education and of technology reveal a strong positive correlation. When the number of highly educated employees decreases, the number of e-workers decreases. In respect of technology, greater utilisation of digital public services, internet access and computer access from the home increase the likelihood of e-working. A medium education level and the use of the internet show a strong negative correlation: When the medium educational attainment level rises, e-working decreases. As the utilisation of the internet increases, the proportion of e-working falls. These components affected higher e-workability. Through the examination of the motives for adopting face-to-display working environments, this study advances the knowledge in the e-working field of the selected countries..

10.
International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Management and Informatics ; 8(3):278-299, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2109372

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this paper is to study the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the agribusiness sector and specifically on the use of informatics and communication technologies (ICTs). The study uses data from the ICT survey of the Hellenic Statistical Authority (ELSTAT) for the years 2019 and 2021 and compares the answers for the same variables of the exact same agribusiness enterprises concerning the use of the internet and e-commerce and analyses them with methods of exploratory statistical analysis and unsupervised learning. The analysis of the data highlights the changes, the opportunities, and limitations in the use of ICT by companies in this sector, contributing to the further study of the phenomenon of ICT adoption in enterprises while offering an informative snapshot of Greek agribusiness to people who formulate policies or determine decision-making at domestic and European level, researchers and stakeholders. Copyright © 2022 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

11.
Sustainability ; 14(18):11783, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2055369

ABSTRACT

The food crisis caused by the rise in grocery prices affects many countries. Added to this complex panorama is the current health situation generated by the COVID-19 pandemic. Its impact on the productive sector will be detrimental to many household incomes and food practices. The social sciences need to adopt a complex understanding of household food security (HFS) as a dynamic process of building collective nutritional knowledge and eating habits. In the case of Cuba, the burden on the agrifood system is the result of external and internal factors that affect household food sustainability. This paper, therefore, seeks to assess the social construction of HFS as a complex system in the current pandemic scenario using the municipality of Santiago de Cuba as a case study. Qualitative and quantitative methods were used. The main results obtained focus on the role played by women in food use and distribution, and the effect of food vulnerability on HFS. These results provide an analytical model for the study of the new and diverse household-food-security configurations that are emerging.

12.
International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Management and Informatics ; 8(3):278-299, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2054418

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this paper is to study the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the agribusiness sector and specifically on the use of informatics and communication technologies (ICTs). The study uses data from the ICT survey of the Hellenic Statistical Authority (ELSTAT) for the years 2019 and 2021 and compares the answers for the same variables of the exact same agribusiness enterprises concerning the use of the internet and e-commerce and analyses them with methods of exploratory statistical analysis and unsupervised learning. The analysis of the data highlights the changes, the opportunities, and limitations in the use of ICT by companies in this sector, contributing to the further study of the phenomenon of ICT adoption in enterprises while offering an informative snapshot of Greek agribusiness to people who formulate policies or determine decision-making at domestic and European level, researchers and stakeholders.

13.
Arroz ; 70(556):3-12, 2022.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2046620

ABSTRACT

This article examines the increase in prices of farm inputs (herbicides, insecticides, fungicides and fertilizers) in 2021 and the reasons for the increase, including the rise in energy costs, the disruption caused by outbreaks of new variants of COVID-19, and the increase in international freight prices. It is concluded that there are definitely external factors, beyond local control, that are drastically affecting the prices of farm inputs, a situation that directly harms the Colombian agri-food market by significantly increasing production costs due to the high dependence on imported products and raw materials necessary in the national agrochemical and fertilizer industry. There is a need to implement technologies and cultivation practices that lead to the reduction and/or rationalization in the use of inputs, seeking to reduce production costs and increase yields.

14.
Revista de Politica Agricola ; 31(1):136-148, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2033964

ABSTRACT

This research aimed to measure and analyze the agribusiness labor market in Minas Gerais state, to verify potential effects of the covid-19 crisis. In 2020, the population employed in agribusiness was 3.9% lower than in 2019, according to microdata by the Continuous National Household Sample Survey (PNAD-Continua) and, in a complementary way, data from the annual report on social information (RAIS) and from the Center for Advanced Studies on Applied Economics (CEPEA). All agribusiness segments, except for the primary segment, showed a decrease in the number of employed workers. The quarterly analysis shows that the biggest decreases occurred in the first two quarters of 2020 and that, although small, some recovery had been seen in the fourth quarter. The most affected job positions workers were those of workers with a formal contract, as well as those without a formal contract and the employers;however, an increase in the number of the self-employed was observed. Workers with lower instruction level were also one of the most affected groups. Creating employment generation programs in the sector, as well as programs that provide the maintenance of the employees and that afford assistance to informal workers and to those who became unemployed during the pandemic are some examples of public policies that may mitigate the negative effects of the crisis.

15.
Sustainable Engineering and Innovation ; 3(1):1-10, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2026740

ABSTRACT

In recent years monetary narrowing impact more on Turkey and developing countries. Therefore, the importance of industrial policy and technology management in developing countries has widely increased. Production and design strategies have to be planned carefully. Thus, evidently monetary narrowing and undesired exchange rate fluctuation affected investment and the cash flow in numerous sectors such as finances, funding, industry, service industry, agribusiness, livestock, building trade, research, and development, etc. In this context, this situation broadly hit the research, prototyping, manufacturing, and testing phase of the microstrip patch antennas. Today, patch antennas have widely utilized in telecommunication systems. Hence, this growth has increased interest in studies. As it is in every project, cost and efficiency are an essential part of the project design. Therefore, the ratio of cost is more important for Turkey and developing countries due to undesired exchange rate fluctuation, tax, financial obligations, and unexpected world events (e.g. COVID-19 pandemic). Commonly, the microstrip patch antenna comprises particular parts such as a radiating patch on top of the double-sided laminate and ground plane and feeding point located below the double-sided laminate. Therefore, microstrip patch antenna components play a significant role in patch antenna radiation characteristics. Moreover, specifications of the double-sided laminate, such as relative permittivity (or dielectric constant) and real physical thickness are essential elements of the patch antenna's radiation characteristics. Generally, high-quality dielectric substrates are developed and manufactured by western originated companies. Thus, the dielectric substrate with high-grade characteristics is hard to find for Turkey and developing countries. Importing is the only option and quite costly. Choosing a domestic dielectric substrate is inevitable, however insufficient for many cases. In this study, difficulties in microstrip patch antenna production and prototyping in Turkey are analyzed.

16.
17.
SciDev.net ; 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1998687

ABSTRACT

According to the report, more than 2.3 billion people — 30 per cent of the global population — lacked year-round access to adequate food. See PDF] Nothing short of a “radical transformation” of the agri-food system would lead to achieving the UN goal of ending hunger by 2030, they said in a statement released with the report. The report comes ahead of three major UN summits later this year which leaders hoped will give the issue of food security some momentum — the UN Food Systems Summit, Nutrition for Growth Summit and COP26 climate change talks.

18.
SciDev.net ; 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1998657

ABSTRACT

Agro-industrial parks are dedicated business areas that focus on processing farm produce, and on farming inputs such as fertilisers, according to the new study released by the Commercial Agriculture for Smallholders and Agribusiness (CASA) programme The World Bank says that COVID-19 led to “severe and widespread increases in global food insecurity, affecting vulnerable households in almost every country, with impacts expected to continue into 2022 and possibly beyond”. According to data from the analysis group AgFunder, India saw funding for agri-food technology rise from US$619 million during the first half of 2020 to US$2 billion in the first half of 2021, underlining the growing potential of the sector. CASA says that agro-industrial parks are “complex, long-term projects that require strategic and policy continuity and alignment between – and contributions from – numerous stakeholders, including government bodies, financiers, private sector actors, civil society organisations and external supporters”. Since agro-industrial parks are capital-intensive projects that typically take ten years to be fully established and generate significant public and private revenues, large-scale public funds may need to be mobilised to finance the project as well as co-financing via public-private partnerships, the paper says.

19.
SciDev.net ; 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1998625

ABSTRACT

Speed read ‘Nature-based solutions’ to farming challenges urged at UN Food Systems Summit Food systems ‘must be climate neutral’ says summit’s science chief Critics say groups most affected were not represented The United Nations has urged the world to urgently review its food production and consumption patterns in order to save the planet, at a landmark summit beset by controversy and boycotts. In a keynote speech at the historic UN Food Systems Summit held online on Thursday, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said the world must adopt natural alternatives to industrial agricultural practises that protect the planet as it battles rising hunger, malnutrition and obesity. Joachim von Braun, chair of the summit’s scientific group, said that “food systems can and must be climate neutral”, adding: “Most food systems are not sustainable. [...]science must not only address production and consumption or the value chain, but the whole food system.”

20.
SciDev.net ; 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1998622

ABSTRACT

World Health Organization (WHO) director-general Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus revealed in January that just 25 doses of the COVID-19 vaccine had been administered in one of the world’s poorest countries, warning of “a catastrophic moral failure”. An investigation by SciDev.Net in February laid bare this global vaccine gap — and hollow promises by governments to address it — as health specialists warned that the shortage of vaccines in developing countries could threaten progress against COVID-19 in the global North. Ahead of the talks, a report released by UK-based think-tank Chatham House had warned that climatic hazards such as extreme heat, droughts and storms could trigger “cascading impacts” that may be felt around the world within the next decade.

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