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1.
Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata ; 170(8), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1961565

ABSTRACT

Originally, the 17th Symposium on Insect-Plant Relationships (SIP-17) was scheduled to take place in Leiden, The Netherlands, in July 2020. However, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the symposium was postponed to July 2021 and held in an exclusively online format. This exceptional edition has resulted in four strong contributions to the journal. It is with great pleasure that we now present a themed issue including the proceedings of SIP-17, supplemented with eight regular articles within the subject of insect-plant relationships.

2.
Journal of Travel Medicine ; 28(7), 2021.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1961086

ABSTRACT

This paper presents 2 COVID-19 cases, one with severe pneumonia and another with sequenced Delta variant, despite two doses of vaccination. The first case is A 59-year-old Caucasian American male with Glucose-6-Phosphate-Dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency had received ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccines. He presented to CIWEC on 9 May 2021 having completed his trek in the Everest area up to 5500 m with cough, shortness of breath, diarrhoea, fatigue and fevers for 6 days. On admission, he was febrile at 39 degrees C, pulse 108/min, with oxygen saturation of 86% in room air that declined rapidly. He had crepitations over bilateral lung fields. Chest X-ray showed COVID-19 pneumonia. RT-PCR and BioFire tests from nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal swabs were positive. He required oxygen via high flow nasal cannula (HFNC) followed by Venturi mask due to HFNC intolerance. He received monoclonal antibody cocktail of Bamlanivimab and Etesevimab (personally acquired), Remdesivir, Dexamethasone, low molecular weight heparin (LMWH), antibiotics and paracetamol. After 9 days, he had an oxygen saturation of 94-95% in room air. The d-dimer was high at 16 000 ng/ml initially and stayed high till discharge. Doppler bilateral lower limbs showed acute thrombus in the right calf muscular vein. LMWH was continued at discharge followed by oral Rivaroxaban for 3 months. He was asymptomatic with normal d-dimer during follow up on June 17. The second case is a 61-year-old Caucasian American hypertensive male, aspiring Everest summiteer, with history of mRNA-1273 vaccinations on 12 January and 8 February 2021, in the USA presented to CIWEC on 12 May 2021 after helicopter evacuation from Everest Base Camp with headache and runny nose for 1 day. His COVID-19 antigen test and RT-PCR were positive. Vitals and systemic examination were normal apart from nasal and throat congestion. He was discharged for hotel self-isolation. He did well and flew back home on 25 May 2021 after testing negative. Whole genomic sequencing (Allpex Seegene Covid Multiplex Screening Assay) done at Intrepid Nepal laboratory in Kathmandu showed the Delta variant B.1.617.2.

3.
IOP Conference Series : Earth and Environmental Science ; 761(7), 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1960943

ABSTRACT

The aim of this review is to investigate and identifying the possible source of virus in animals and identifying the vector media of the disease and the methods of its spread and working hard to search for a successful vaccine for immunization against infection, in addition to establishing specialized units to predict new versions of the virus in the years to come.

4.
The Lancet ; 400(10348):264-265, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1960113

ABSTRACT

Only if one ventures to report on other academic turf does one truly come to appreciate with what extraordinary generosity, patience, and clarity scientists typically share their expert advice. In Beyond the Hype: The Inside Story of Science's Biggest Media Controversies, Fox describes how some of these episodes played out during the SMC's existence, including animal research, genetically modified organisms, human–animal chimeras, the “climategate” furore, the 2011 Fukushima nuclear accident, and, inevitably, the COVID-19 pandemic. Fox did a splendid job of persuading scientists that only by coming forward to explain what animal testing for research really entailed and what motivated it, rather than leaving the stage clear for the misinformation of extremists, could public opinion be shifted and such research normalised (as well as soberly debated). [...]Fox relates the saga of the neuropharmacologist David Nutt, Chair of the UK Government's Advisory Committee on the Misuse of Drugs from 1998 to 2009, who was sacked by the then Labour Government because of his politically inconvenient views on the relative harmfulness of different classes of drugs.

5.
Journal of Southwest Minzu University Natural Science Edition ; 48(2):135-141, 2022.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1958497

ABSTRACT

Feline Astrovirus (FAstV), Feline Parvovirus(FPV) and Feline Enteric Coronavirus (FECoV) are important pathogens causing diarrhea in cats.In order to establish a molecular detection method which can differentiate the three pathogens in the same PCR system, an FAstV/FPV/FECoV triple PCR method was established with optimized primer concentrations and annealing temperature, and specificity, sensitivity and repeatability were tested. The results showed that the PCR method could only identify FAstV (320 bp), FPV (468 bp) and FECoV (664 bp) genes, while not other canine and feline related pathogens. The detection limits of FAstV, FPV and FECoV were 2x10~7 copy/L (7.1 pg/L),4.7x10~6 copy/L (2.4 pg/L) and 7x10~6 copy/L (5.1 pg/L) respectively. The established triple PCR method was used to detect 207 cat fecal samples collected in Chengdu from 2019 to 2020, including 141 diarrhea samples and 66 clinical health samples. The detection rates of FAstV, FPV and FECoV were 24.15% (50/207), 37.20% (77/207) and 15.46% (32/207) respectively, and the co-infection rates of FAstV/FPV, FPV/FECoV and FAstv/FECoV were 9.18%,6.28% and 6.28% respectively. In conclusion, the triple PCR method of FAstV/FPV/FECoV was successfully established, and could be applied for virus detection and epidemiological investigation.

6.
Uttar Pradesh Journal of Zoology ; 43(8):20-23, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1958427

ABSTRACT

Just as the smell gets diluted by ventilation, the dangerous concentration of the virus can also get reduced by ensuring appropriate amount of outdoor air flows in. In closed and stale space droplets and aerosol gets quickly concentrated and greatly increases the risk of transmission of virus in that area. Visit to any nearby shopping malls, newly furnished coaching classes, modern residential buildings, government offices, hotels, restaurants and even hospitals shows that they are nothing but an assortment of closed and unventilated spaces. These closed space acts as Super spreader of the virus. Peak test positive rate of 22.6% per hundred test is observed during the month of May, which is a result of high humidity particulate matter concentration temperature CO2 concentration.

7.
Perspectives in Public Health ; 142(2):58-126, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1958412

ABSTRACT

This article contains 12 articles that discuss the relevance and role of cultural activities and the arts, particularly music, in the health and wellness of people especially during the COVID-19 pandemic.

8.
Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios Rurales ; 7(13), 2022.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1958302

ABSTRACT

In this paper, we analyze the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and the preventive and compulsory social isolation, called ASPO in Argentina (Decree 297/2020), on the temporary and cyclical mobility of agricultural workers towards different productive areas of the country. On the one hand, we observe the effects on workers of Salta province who were involved in harvesting and packing tasks in the viniculture sector in Mendoza and the fruit growing sector in Rio Negro when the ASPO was declared by the government. On the other hand, we inquiry about the impact on Bolivian workers that were doing different works in tobacco and horticulture farms in Salta province at the beginning of the pandemic and the isolation measures. Moreover, we observe some effects on Bolivian people that were permanently (residents) or temporarily in Salta at the time when the ASPO and the closing of the border between Argentina and Bolivia began. The findings are based on interviews to agricultural workers, leaders of social organizations both from Bolivia and Salta origin, and civil servants of the Bolivian consulate in Salta carried out during 2020 and 2021. We incorporate in our analysis the collection of national and provincial news articles, web portals, decrees and official resolutions. We also include the findings of our previous research conducted before the pandemic about Bolivian mobility associated to tobacco and horticulture labor market in Salta province.

9.
Journal of Southwest Minzu University Natural Science Edition ; 48(2):181-189, 2022.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-1958057

ABSTRACT

After the large-scale vaccination of the coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19), the traditional manual registration cannot track each vaccine from production to vaccination, as well as the vaccinators. It is easy to cause the lack and omission of registration information, and is not conducive to analyze the data of large-scale vaccine and vaccination. Therefore, this paper uses the front-end and back-end separated patterns with front-end using Vue and Elment-UI technology, and back-end using SpringBoot and Mybatis-Plus framework. It designs and realizes the whole-process management system of novel coronavirus vaccine, from vaccine logistics and vaccine warehousing management, to vaccination and post-vaccination tracking, and then to the forum management of vaccinators. The system aims to achieve "whole-process, traceable" management goal of vaccines. The system is feasible and practical, which can alleviate the problem of manual recording and collation of medical staff in vaccine management, and provide a convenient and information-based vaccination platform for medical staff and vaccinators. In addition, the system can collect the data on the whole process of vaccines and provide strong data support for scientific research work.

10.
Current Science ; 122(3):244-246, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1957973

ABSTRACT

This article highlights the diffusion of the COVID-19 pandemic across the globe at continental scales and within continents at national scales. Using raw metrics (cumulative deaths and population) and per capita metrics (cumulative deaths per million of population) collected from April 2020 to 31 December 2021, results showed that Europe, North America, and South America had reached a relatively high evenness of spread. However, in Asia and Africa, a much larger concentration exists in a few areas. It is possible that in these two continental regions, there is not only poor connectivity, which offers natural barriers to transmission, but also high levels of undercounting.

11.
The Sport Journal ; 25(10), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1957922

ABSTRACT

Purpose: As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, national restrictions were implemented limiting social gatherings and disrupting many facets of everyday life including sports. To gain a better understanding of how the COVID-19 pandemic has affected the social and emotional well-being of children and adolescents in sports, the present study examined parental perspectives of female youth competitive cheerleaders during the national pandemic.

12.
Bulletin des GTV ; 104:85-92, 2021.
Article in French | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1957885

ABSTRACT

Coronaviruses have a high evolutionary capacity which has led to their very large genetic diversity. Their prevalence in nature is very high and they can infect a wide spectrum of hosts including mammals (including humans) and birds. To date, six porcine coronaviruses have been identified. Two of which were responsible for severe epizootics in pigs with a major impact in the global swine industry in the 60's to 80's for porcine transmissible gastroenteritis virus and since the 2010's in China and 2014 in North America for porcine epidemic diarrhoea virus. The latter has also become the third most important pathogen for pigs in China after the African swine fever virus and the porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus. This review summarizes the latest developments in scientific knowledge of these porcine coronaviruses.

13.
Biomedica ; 42(Suppl. 2), 2022.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1957852

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The severe acute respiratory syndrome of the new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) is the causal agent of the health emergency due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Although humans are the main susceptible host, experimental studies and reported cases of natural infection have evidenced scenarios of SARS-CoV-2 reverse zoonosis in animals.

14.
Journal of School of Public Health & Institute of Public Health Research ; 19(4):413-422, 2022.
Article in Persian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1957775

ABSTRACT

Background and Aim: The objective of this study was to determine the seroepidemiological history of SARS-CoV-2 infection among asymptomatic children in Tehran. Materials and Methods: Blood samples of children younger than 14 years old were collected during the period autumn-winter 2020 and spring 2021 and tested for SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody using the EUROIMMUN ELISA kit. In addition, questionnaires were used to collect demographic and infection status information in the participants. Data were analyzed using the SPSS software.

15.
Journal of Public Health Management and Practice ; 28(Suppl. 1):S1-S110, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1957724

ABSTRACT

This special issue includes 15 articles focusing on how public health professionals at local, state, and federal agencies and at academic institutions can address the pervasive structural racism against Asians by making them visible. Topics discussed are: anti-Latino racism, the racial state, and revising approaches to racial disparities;conquering the health disparities of structural racism;embedding equity in a local government's Response to COVID-19;the Massachusetts racial equity data road map;the power of community in addressing infant mortality inequities;disparities across income and health insurance in a national sample of US adults;community-informed mobile COVID-19 testing model to addressing health inequities.

16.
Journal of Medical Virology ; 94(3):799-1247, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1957723

ABSTRACT

This special issue contains 63 papers on the topic of COVID-19 and other respiratory diseases.

17.
Journal of Medical Virology ; 94(5):1757-2307, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1957722

ABSTRACT

This special issue contains 74 articles (2 commentaries, 17 letters to the editor, 8 reviews, 40 research articles, 7 short communications) that discusses topics related to COVID-19 and its variants. Topics include new drugs against COVID-19, detection of variants, antibody response, evolution and phylogeny, monoclonal antibodies, symptoms, among others.

18.
Annals of Epidemiology ; 67:102-131, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1957708

ABSTRACT

This conference proceeding contain 39 articles that discuss epidemiology in the US. Topics include the Millenium Cohort Study, The CRONICAS Cohort Study, religious beliefs, coping mechanisms and type 2 diabetes, spatio-temporal modelling of COVID-19, cigarette smoking and spinal pain, self-perceived health status and obesity, oral cancer and smoking, renal impairment and diabetes, depression and BMI, affordable housing and COVID-19, opioid misuse among youth, emotions and cancer prevention, influenza vaccination among adults, blood lead levels and private wells, and air pollution and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

19.
Behav Sci (Basel) ; 12(4)2022 Apr 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1953027

ABSTRACT

Emerging evidence suggests that pet dogs can offer features of a secure attachment which has been associated with healthy psychological development across the lifespan. Limited research has investigated the underpinning mechanisms that may contribute to the benefits and risks of child-dog attachment during childhood. This study aimed to test the potential mediating role of caregiver-observed positive and negative child-dog behaviours, on the relationship between child-reported child-dog attachment, and caregiver-reported child psychopathology and emotion regulation. Data from 117 caregiver reports and 77 child self-reports were collected through an online survey in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Parallel mediation analyses indicated that child-dog attachment had a significant indirect effect on conduct problems through negative child-dog behaviours only. Child-dog attachment had a significant indirect effect on emotional symptoms, peer problems, prosocial behaviour, emotion regulation, and emotional lability/negativity through both positive and negative child-dog behaviours. Although this study found modest effect sizes, the findings suggest that the types of interactions that children engage in with their pet dogs may be important mechanisms through which pet attachment contributes to psychological development throughout childhood, and therefore further attention is warranted. Positive and safe child-dog interactions can be facilitated through education and intervention, which may have implications for promoting positive developmental outcomes.

20.
Early Child Educ J ; : 1-11, 2021 Aug 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1942160

ABSTRACT

Amid COVID-19, children's interactions with pet animals in the household were at times strengthened, strained, or established anew. Extensive periods of confinement made the home environment not only the site for most family activities but also the hub for children's school and many adults' work. Research on the role of pets during the pandemic has consisted primarily of online surveys with the general finding that sweeping changes to daily living had major consequences for the dynamics between pets and people. This article addresses issues related to young children and pet keeping within the context of the recent world health crisis and the resultant lockdowns. First, it describes how the definition of a pet has changed. It then examines children's attachments to dogs and cats, the two species most frequently chosen as pets for young children worldwide. Next, it highlights the potential risks and rewards of children cohabitating with cats and dogs at a time when many families were sequestered in homes. The article concludes with a discussion of the limitations and contributions of research on pet keeping during COVID-19 and suggests appropriate next steps that take into consideration the welfare of young children and their companion animals.

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