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1.
European Psychiatry ; 65(Supplement 1):S540, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2162461

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Discovered in December 2019, COVID has affected the entire planet, through direct exposure to its virus;SARS-COV- 2, or indirectly through the media, Indeed, on January 20, 2020, the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 to be "a public health emergency of international concern." Along with other public health crises and other collective trauma (terrorism, H1N1 epidemic or SARS-COV), exposure to publicized information on this virus generates psychiatric disorders, in particular anxiety and absence of well-being. Objective(s): To link exposure to information about this pandemic through social media and anxiety and lack of well-being. Method(s): Use of a questionnaire consisting of three sections, individual status and conditions, the French versions of the GAD-7 scale for anxiety (Generalized anxiety scale of 7items) and the WHO-5 (five well-being index). This questionnaire is dedicated to the general population who have not been in direct contact with the virus, but through the media. Result(s): We were able to collect 209 participants, they were essentially females with a mean age of 28yo, 17,7% had psychiatric history of anxiety and depression, the median use of social medias was 5.7 hours per day. And they were essentially getting their information about the pandemic from Instagram, Facebook, the Moroccan ministry of health's website and electronic newspapers. 31,1% of our participants had anxiety which was above a Chinese study, and had a poor well-being. Conclusion(s): the use of social media to get information about the pandemic had an impact on well-being and anxiety.

2.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results ; 13:2202-2209, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2156327

ABSTRACT

When an infectious disease spreads, healthcare professionals debate the extent of awareness and concern. Nursing students experienced worry and stress due to clinical procedures throughout the outbreak. This study examines the knowledge of Saudi nursing students and anxiety levels undergoing clinical training at the medical departments during the COVID-19 pandemic. Method(s): One hundred eighty-five nursing students at the nursing college Qassim university. A cross-sectional correlational research design was carried out in February 2020. The Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-Item Scale (GAD-7) was used to measure anxiety in the survey, and data on sociodemographic characteristics and knowledge of COVID-19 were also obtained. Result(s): The results displayed that the majority of nursing students in the clinical practice (65.4%) were a high level of knowledge, 20 % did not report any anxiety at all, more than one-third experienced 39.5% moderate anxiety and less than a third experience 30. 3% have mild anxiety, and 10.3% experience severe anxiety towards the COVID-19 pandemic in clinical practice. There is a significant negative correlation between knowledge level and anxiety score (r=-0.189, p = 0.010). Conclusion(s): The findings showed that most nursing students participating in clinical practice (65.4%) had a high degree of knowledge, 20% had no anxiety, more than one-third had mild anxiety, 39.5% had moderate anxiety, and fewer than one-third had severe anxiety. In the therapeutic setting, the COVID-19 pandemic causes mild anxiety in 30.3% of people and severe anxiety in 10.3%. Knowledge level and anxiety score have a substantial negative link (r=-0.189, p = 0.010). Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications. All rights reserved.

3.
European Psychiatry ; 65(Supplement 1):S749, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2154155

ABSTRACT

Introduction: During the Covid-19 pandemic, patients with mental illness turned out to be one of the most vulnerable groups of the population, since the forced self-isolation regime was a decrease in the availability of psychiatric care. During this period, the use of telemedicine increased to provide timely assistance. Objective(s): To analyze the experience of telecare in program of psychosocial rehabilitation of patients with schizophrenia and their relatives and to evaluate its effectiveness. Method(s): 80 schizophrenia patients in remission of varying quality and 41 relatives participated in rehabilitation program. To assess the effectiveness of telecare, PANSS, SF-36, URICA, PHQ-9, ISI, PSS-10, GAD-7 scales were used. Result(s): Psychosocial interventions through telecare were carried out for 12 months. Patients and relatives participated in video sessions on Zoom and Skype Internet platforms, as well as in instant messengers. Rehabilitation program for patients included psychoeducation, skills training, art-therapy, music therapy, bibliotherapy, psychological counseling. Relatives were provided with psychoeducation and psychological counseling. The analysis showed that the use of telecare contributed to increase in the availability of psychotherapeutic assistance, the participation of patients with low motivation and prompt problem solving. Within the studied period, only 5% of patients (4 persons) developed relapses, two patients (2.5%) were hospitalized. Patients and relatives showed a high level of satisfaction with the care provided, positive dynamics of psychological indicators. Conclusion(s): The effectiveness of psychosocial rehabilitation program through telecare has been proven. The possibility of carrying out various psychosocial interventions in online format has been shown.

4.
European Psychiatry ; 65(Supplement 1):S655, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2154143

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The older adults have been considered one of the groups at highest risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection and death due to COVID-19. Fear of SARS-CoV-2 infections has become widespread. It's constantly being enhanced by the media reports and social distancing principle. Objective(s): The aim of the study was to assessment the occurrence of symptoms of fear of COVID-19 among participants of the Polish University of the Third Age (UTA). Method(s): The study included 296 participants of the UTA in Poland, including 258 women and 38 men. The study conducted with the use of the following validated psychometric scales: General Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7), Short Health Anxiety Inventory (SHAI) and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). Result(s): The mean scores in STAI and SHAI demonstrated mild symptoms indicative of anxiety disorders in the older adults. Women and men did differ significantly in terms of the scores obtained in STAI(X-1) (p=0.002) and STAI(X-2) (p=0.020). There were no statistically significant differences between respondents with higher education and those with a different level of education. The single respondents differed significantly from divorced ones in terms of STAI(X-1) (p=0.046). Moreover, widows/widowers differed significantly from divorced ones in terms of STAI(X-2) (p=0.045) and GAD-7 (p=0.032). Conclusion(s): The subjective experience of anxiety symptoms associated with fear of contracting COVID-19 was increased due to the ongoing pandemic, but was not significantly high in the analysed population of older people. COVID-19-related anxiety was significantly more common in lonely individuals. Women and men differed significantly in terms of perceived state anxiety and trait anxiety measured by STAI.

5.
European Psychiatry ; 65(Supplement 1):S544, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2154114

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Looking at the vast majority of mental disorders in the last year, we noticed that most of them were closely related to this feeling of fear but also to the restrictive measures that appeared with the pandemic. Exposure for a period of more than a year to this mental stress has led to the appearance of a large number of psychiatric patients, especially those who have undergone SARSCoV- 2 infection or who have had close people infected, some of whom have even died. Objective(s): In this paper I will highlight the post traumatic consequences in patients who have gone through the disease. Method(s): To complete this work I used medical articles, studies, and specialized information on the subject. Result(s): Patients who have gone through the disease developed sleeping problems, phobias, various anxiety and delusional disorders. Conclusion(s): These conditions create the need for a multidisciplinary approach among this particular category of patients.

6.
European Psychiatry ; 65(Supplement 1):S543, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2154112

ABSTRACT

Introduction: SARS-COV 2 virus and the disease caused by the virus is a challenge for the healthcare workers since the beggining of the Covid-19 pandemic. Working with huge number of patient who need hospital care at the same time but also having scare information about the virus resulted with physical exhaustion, increased workload and mostly fear among the healthcare workers. Objective(s): The purpose of the study was to expand our knowledge about the mental health of the healthcare workers and explore most common psychological problems they faced during the Covid-19 pandemic over a period of three month. Method(s): All participants in the study work in the same public hospital in Skopje, North Macedonia in one of the following job positions: physicians, nurses, paramedics, and hygienists. They anonymously filled out a google form answering questions about their mental health. Questions in the form were created based on Beck Depression Scale and the GAD-7 Scale for Anxiety along with questions about the gender, age, and job position. Result(s): The results we gained from this study are showing that the participants experienced insomnia, reduced concentration, intense feelings of restlessness and fatigue, less energy and mostly lack of job satisfaction. Conclusion(s): Those symptoms indicates that healthcare workers developed anxiety and depression while working with patient infected by the SARS-COV 2 virus.

7.
European Psychiatry ; 65(Supplement 1):S538, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2154099

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The first cases of COVID-19 in Switzerland were related to the Milan cluster in February 2020. Border crossing restrictions were imposed and economic support measures worth 40 billion Swiss francs were announced. By 24th September 2021 Switzerland achieved a fully vaccination rate of 54%, confirmed 836'000 cases and 11'060 deaths. Objective(s): The objective was to describe and analyse the mental health of the general Swiss population under the ongoingCOVID-19 pandemic and it's social changes: including a case description, transgenerational influence and psychosocial treatment opportunities Methods: To answer the research question, I used deepened internet research, population interviews among different age gropus and colloquies with healthcare providers and federal authorities. Result(s): Different psychosocial phenomena lead to the transgenerational influence. Unfortunately, vaccination rate is slowed down by this pandemic's impacts on public mental health. While during the first wave the positive feelings of cohesion and trust dominated, the mood changed afterwards to anxiousness and reactive individualism. Among all generations the fear of infection was shown to be a general booster of anxiety and distress. In fact, Swiss experts perceive the corona crisis as a catalysator for depression and anxiety disorders. Conclusion(s): Specific psychosocial treatment has to address general and individual vulnerability factors. However, staying in touch with family members, pursuing meaningful activities and being physically active can all help to overcome COVID-19 related mental health issues.

8.
European Psychiatry ; 65(Supplement 1):S537, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2154096

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The neurotropic valence of SARS-CoV-2 has been revealed in several studies. Depressive and anxiety symptoms are more frequent in the perinatal period leading to maternal and neonatal negative outcomes. Accordingly, depressive and anxiety symptoms are more frequent in the perinatal period leading to negative consequences in both mothers and their neonates. Objective(s): To determine the level of depression, anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive symptoms depending on the severity of SARS-CoV-2 infection of pregnant women. Method(s): Based on the RT-PCR test, thirty-eight pregnant women with SARS-CoV-2 infection, hospitalized in Bega Clinic in Timisoara, were assessed concerning the presence of psychopathology. The severity of infection was dichotomized based on the presence or absence of the symptoms. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, State and Trait Anxiety Inventory, and the Obsessive- Compulsive Inventory were administered to all participants. Result(s): Of 38 recruited pregnant women, 12 (31,5%) had symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection. Symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infected pregnant women had a higher average score of depression (p = 0.001) and state and trait anxiety (p = 0.002 and p < 0.001, respectively) compared to their asymptomatic counterparts. There were no differences in obsessive-compulsive symptoms (p > 0.05) in relation to the severity of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Conclusion(s): The SARS-CoV-2 infection significantly interferes with the psychological status, thus jeopardizing the mental health of pregnant women. Therefore, SARS-CoV-2 infection should be considered an additional risk factor for anxiety and affective disorders during pregnancy.

9.
European Psychiatry ; 65(Supplement 1):S535-S536, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2154092

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Evidence suggest that critically ill COVID-19 patients are at higher risk of developing anxiety symptoms, which may be related to or exacerbated by patients concerns regarding their health status and recovery. Objective(s): To assess anxiety symptoms in critically ill COVID-19 survivors, 1-2 months after hospital discharge and to analyze its association with concerns reported by patients regarding their own health status and recovery. Method(s): In the framework of MAPA prospective research, this preliminary study included COVID-19 patients admitted in the Intensive Care Medicine Department (ICMD) of a University Hospital. Patients were excluded if they had an ICMD length of stay (LoS) <=24h, terminal illness, major auditory impairment or inability to communicate at the evaluation time. Participants were assessed at a scheduled telephone follow-up appointment, with Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7). Additional questions were asked to assess the survivors' post-discharge concerns regarding discrimination against for COVID-19, infection of a family member, re-infection or sequelae related to COVID-19. Result(s): Eighty-three patients were included (median age=63 years;63% male) and 24% had anxiety symptoms. Anxiety scores were higher in survivors who reported being afraid of being discriminated against for COVID-19 (30% vs 10%;p=0.034), being re-infected (100% vs 79%;p=0.032) and having sequelae (94% vs 44%;p<0.001). Conclusion(s): These findings revealed that anxiety is common in COVID-19 survivors and is associated with post-discharge patients concerns that may limit patient daily living. This study emphasizes the importance of psychological assessment and follow-up of the COVID-19 survivors, in order to support these patients recovery.

10.
European Psychiatry ; 65(Supplement 1):S533, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2154086

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The global health emergency caused by the COVID- 19 pandemic has put healthcare professionals in an unprecedented challenge, considering them extremely at risk population. Objective(s): To estimate the prevalence of clinically significant mental disorders and to assess associated factors among Consorci Sanitari del Maresme workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Method(s): We made a descriptive cross-sectional study. All workers were invited to participate in an online survey during May 2021. Individual characteristics and frequency of direct exposure to COVID during professional activity were assessed. We used three Spanish versions of psychometric scales: the Patient Health Questionnaire to evaluate depressive symptomatology, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale, which detects anxiety, and the 4-item version of the PTSD checklist for DSM-5 for PTSD screening purposes. Chi-square tests and logistic regression were used to analyze the data. Result(s): A total of 355 workers participated. Overall, 31% met the criteria forMajor Depressive Disorder (PHQ-9> 9), 36% for Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7> 9) and 22% for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PCL-5> 7). It has been found that young adult, women, those with prior mental disorders or those with greater exposure to COVID-19 are risk factors for any current mental disorder. Conclusion(s): There are large mental healthcare needs among healthcare professionals. There is a clear need to closely monitor the extent to which these needs are adequately met. In the design of measures and interventions to reduce this impact, an individualized approach should be considered while taking into account sociodemographic variables, psychiatric history and the frequency of direct exposure to COVID-19.

11.
European Psychiatry ; 65(Supplement 1):S533, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2154085

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic can affect the mental health of health and social care workers (HSCWs) who are frontline workers in this continuous crisis. Following exposure to potentially morally injurious events (PMIEs) that undermine deeply held moral beliefs and expectations, HSCWs might experience moral injury (MI) and deleterious psychiatric consequences such as depression and anxiety symptoms. Objective(s): To examine associations between exposure to PMIEs, MI symptoms, depression, and anxiety symptoms.We also aim to assess the moderating role of thwarted belongingness in these associations. Method(s): A sample of 243 Israeli HSCWs completed online validated self-report questionnaires in a cross-sectional designed survey in February and March 2021. Result(s): About one-third (33.6%) of the sample met the criteria for major depressive disorder, 21.5% met the criteria for generalized anxiety disorder, and 19.1 % reported comorbidity of depression and anxiety. A moderated-mediation model shows that high thwarted belongingness intensified the relations between exposure to PMIEs and MI symptoms, and between MI symptoms and depression and anxiety symptoms. Importantly, the indirect effect of exposure to PMIEs on both depression and anxiety symptoms via MI symptoms existed only among those with high levels of thwarted belongingness. Conclusion(s): The study's findings highlight the mental burden of HSCWs during the COVID-19 pandemic and the contribution of MI to possible mental health consequences. Clinicians should be aware of the importance of high thwarted belongingness in depression and anxiety sequelae of exposure to PMIEs among HSCWs.

12.
European Psychiatry ; 65(Supplement 1):S527, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2154068

ABSTRACT

Introduction: In addition to physical problems, patients with COVID-19 suffer fromconsiderable stress throughout the disease crisis and could present psychiatric consequences even after their remission. Objective(s): To assess anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress symptoms among patients who had recovered from the acute COVID-19 infection in Tunisia. Method(s): A cross-sectional design included 50Tunisian adults who survived COVID-19 virus infection.Participants have been screened with a telephone interview 1 to 3months after a diagnosis of COVID- 19. We used a questionnaire including socio-psychological variables, presence of close relatives being infected, bereavement due to COVID-19 and post infection physical discomforts.The Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) was used to investigate post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Depression and anxiety were measured using The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scales (HADS). Result(s): The age of the participants ranged from 19 to 86 years.38% were female. Twelve percent (12%) of patients required hospitalization during COVID-19 infection. After a mean of 86.60 days (SD = 23) following the diagnosis, 28 % of patients reported clinically significant PTSD. The rates of depression and anxiety disorders in our population are 20% and 30%, respectively. Seventy percent of patients (70%) reported one or more post infection physical discomforts that the most common symptoms included Difficulty breathing and anosmia. Patients with PTSD, depression or anxiety had a more frequent history of a relative diagnosed positive for corona virus, a longer duration of infection, and more frequently post-infection physical discomfort Conclusion(s): Long-term psychological impact of COVID19 should not be ignored and mental health care could play an important role in rehabilitation.

13.
European Psychiatry ; 65(Supplement 1):S487-S488, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2153966

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Psychological health problems, especially emotional disorders, have become an important topic of considerations for many scientists, because the epidemiology of these disorders is strongly influenced by stressful events, such as the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus pandemic. Objective(s): The aim of this study was to evaluate selected parameters of psychosocial functioning as well as sociodemographic correlates of depression, anxiety, sleep disorders and perceived stress among the residents of the West Pomeranian Voivodeship. Method(s): An online questionnaire was completed by 323 participants, in whom the parameters of psychosocial functioning were assessed: symptoms of depression (PHQ-9), anxiety (GAD-7), severity of sleep disorders (AIS) and perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale). Result(s): The majority of the respondents (75.2%) scored high on the Perceived Stress Scale, almost half of the respondents (47.1%) had sleep disorders and 26% of the participants had no depressive symptoms. Age statistically significantly correlated with the severity of depressive symptoms and sleep disorders. Parental status statistically significantly correlated with the severity of depressive symptoms. There was a strong correlation between the severity of depression and anxiety and a strong correlation between depression and sleep disorders. Conclusion(s): Age and parental status contributed to the severity of depressive symptoms and the occurrence of sleep disorders among the residents of the West Pomeranian Voivodeship during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Some of the residents of the West Pomeranian Voivodeship showed high levels of stress or insomnia. The severity of depressive symptoms significantly influenced the levels of anxiety and perceived stress, as well as the occurrence of sleep disorders.

14.
European Psychiatry ; 65(Supplement 1):S487, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2153965

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Working in COVID - 19 Health Care Units - Psychological impacts (PTSD, Depression, Anxiety Disorders) Working in the frontline during COVID-19 has put under extreme psychological and physical pressure the health care workers. The severe psychological symptomps can emerge on short, mid and long term as well. Our research is focusing on the psychological impacts of front line health care workers. Objective(s): In our lecture, we summarize our reserach made in the National Traumatology Center, Budapest, Hungary among health care workers who worked in the front and in the second line during the most severe period of the pandemic in Hungary, and discuss probable risk factors for PTSD and chronic psychological distress related to COVID-19. Furthermore we make an overview on the most frequently used coping skills for dealing with the psychological stress caused by the pandemic among the health care workers. The sample taking was processed in July 2021, after 3 month the 3rd COVID - 19 wave officially ended in Hungary. Method(s): 123 health care workers completed the online survey anonimously, included Beck Depression Inventory, Spielberger Anxiety State Inventory, PTSD Checklist, Lazarus Coping Scale. Result(s): 23% of HCW reported symptomps of depression, nearly 25% dealing with sleeping disorders and 38% with chronic fatigue, 42,50 % HCW suffering from anxiety disorders, 22% HCW experiencing symptomps of PTSD. Conclusion(s): With our results we would like to raise awareness of the challenges and severe psychological consequences that these colleagues, our national heroes we can say, are facing after working in COVID-19 Health Care Units.

15.
European Psychiatry ; 65(Supplement 1):S484-S485, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2153958

ABSTRACT

Introduction: COVID-19 affects nervous system and the mental health of patients. Objective(s): The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of depression, anxiety, and insomnia among patients hospitalized with COVID-19 in order to understand mediating factors and inform tailored intervention. Method(s): To the study patients with mild and moderate COVID -19 were included. It was no included patients with diagnosed psychiatric disorders. It was conducted an interview, including using telemedicine technologies, assessed HADS, MFI-20, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire. Result(s): It was analyzed the data of 119 patients, 34% patients was female, mean age 58,7+/-11,1 range 47 to 69 years. Anxietydepressive symptoms were observed in 33/119 (28%) patients by HADS scale. Clinically significant anxiety and depression were seen in 11% and 4% of the patients, respectively. In 13% patients was observed as anxiety as depression. An increase in the MFI-20 scale (more than 20 points) was found in 87 (73.0%) patients, sleep disorders in accordance with the PSQI questionnaire was recorded in 32 (27.0%) patients. Sleep disorders were manifested by dissatisfaction with sleep quantity or quality that is associated with difficulty falling asleep. All patients have asthenic symptom. Conclusion(s): It was noted that in most patients with COVID-19, along with a depressive and anxiety disorders, an asthenic symptom complex, sleep disturbances are recorded. The choice of the medical intervention should be based on the severity of the violations identified taking into account the side effects of the prescribed drugs, drug interactions and somatic status of patients.

16.
European Psychiatry ; 65(Supplement 1):S483-S484, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2153956

ABSTRACT

Introduction: International experience convincingly shows the prevalence of mental disorders secondary to COVID-19, the pathogenesis of which includes biological and psychosocial factors, which characterizes this area of research as relevant and timely. Objective(s): Analysis of the structure of the most common forms of psychopathology within consequences in COVID-19. Method(s): The study involved 45 patients with depressive episodes of varying severity (F 32.0, 32.1, 32.2) and 37 ones with anxiety disorders (F 40, 41). The average age of the examined groups was 39.42 +/- 5.68 and 31.54 +/- 4.36 years respectively. Clinico-psychopathological, psychodiagnostic, statistical methods were used. Result(s): Significantly more patients with depressive disorders before the first clinical manifestations of the disease experienced COVID-19 in mild and moderate form (31.82% and 68.18% of individuals, respectively) (p <0.05), while patients with anxiety disorders were more affected to some stressors of the SARS-COV-2 pandemic (including threatening information background (83.78% of people), quarantine measures in the form of self-isolation (75.66% of people), uncertainty of the impact of coronavirus infection on the socio-economic situation) (62.16% of people)) (p < 0.05). It was found that the examined patients with a history of coronavirus COVID-19 are more likely to have depressive and asthenic syndromes in the clinical picture (p < 0.05), while patients with psychogenic effects of the pandemic - anxiety-phobic and somatoautonomic syndromes (p < 0,05). Conclusion(s): Data on the influence of coronavirus disease COVID- 19 and stressors of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic on the formation of mental disorders of various genesis will allow to develop prevention algorithms and personalize therapeutic programs.

17.
European Psychiatry ; 65(Supplement 1):S482, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2153952

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The COVID-19 has affected both physical and mental health of the elderly. Objective(s): The purpose of the present study was to estimate the impact of the second lockdown in Greece, on both quality of life and mental health in older people. Method(s): A cross sectional study was conducted among older adults who visited a primary care physician, from 1st of March to April 30th. An anonymous questionnaire was administered to collect basic sociodemographic data and implementation of hygiene precaution measures. The 5-item World Health Organization Well-Being Index (WHO-5) to measure well-being, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Assessment (GAD-7) instrument was used to assess the anxiety levels and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15) depressive symptoms of the responders, respectively. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS v.24.0 Results: 222 elderly took part in the study. 62.6% were female. According to the WHO-5, 37.4% present poor quality of life. GDS-15 reveals that 70.7% of the participants screened positive for moderate depression and 1.8% with severe symptoms. GAD-7 results estimated 32.9% of the participants to suffer from serious anxiety disorder and 37.4% from moderate. GAD-7 and GDS-15 were strongly associated (p <0.05) with female gender, low educational level and with comorbidities (coronary disease, diabetes mellitus and skeletomuscular diseases). Health precaution measures were negative correlated with mental health of the elderly. However, in participants with frequent contact with family and friends, lower anxiety levels were detected. Conclusion(s): Our results highlight that older adult has experienced negative impact on both quality of life and mental health during 2nd Covid-19 lockdown in Greece.

18.
European Psychiatry ; 65(Supplement 1):S426, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2153943

ABSTRACT

Introduction: With measures of COVID-19, activities that cover a large part of life have started to be carried out via videoconferencing. Videoconferencing can be disadvantageous for individuals with social anxiety due to increased social presence, decreased mutual understanding and consequently causing awkward communication. Objective(s): This study aims to develop a scale to explore the difficulties experienced by individuals with social anxiety during videoconferencing. Method(s): 598 children and adolescents between the ages of 11-18 participated in the study. The data were collected with Sociodemographic Information Form, Videoconference Anxiety Scale and Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale. Result(s): According to correlation analysis, all correlations between Videoconference Anxiety Scale and Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale total score and subscale scores are above 0.50. According to EFA, the scale consisted of 25 items and a single factor. Factor loads were between 0.62 and 0.81, the single factor explained 52.95% of the variance. Model fit indices after CFA were as follows: X2/df:3.360, GFI:.850, IFI:.900, TLI:.890, CFI:.900, RMSEA:.078, SRMR:.0475. Convergent and discriminative validity of the scale was tested. Standardized factor loads of all items were higher than 0.50. AVE value was 0.47, while CR value was 0.96. Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 25-item VAS is 0.96. Conclusion(s): This study showed that Videoconference Anxiety is a phenomen which is higly correlated with social anxiety and Videoconference Anxiety Scale is a valid and reliable instrument for Turkish children and adolescents.

19.
European Psychiatry ; 65(Supplement 1):S380-S381, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2153933

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Health care professionals exposed to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are facing high levels of stress. Objective(s): The aim was to evaluate the quality of sleep (QoS) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL), among health care professionals treating patients with COVID-19, as well as quantifying the magnitude of symptoms of depression and levels of anxiety. Method(s): We included 201 health care professionals in a crosssectional, web-based study by applying 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) Scale, Zung Self-rating Depression Scale, 36-item Health Survey of the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form (SF36), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and additional survey constructed for the purpose of the study. Result(s): Poor QoS and HRQoL correlated with high health anxiety and severe depressive symptoms and several demographic characteristics. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that higher scores on GAD-7 (beta = .71, p < .01) and lower scores on mental health (MH) subscale on SF36 questionnaire (beta = -.69;p < .01) were independent predictors of the higher PSQI score (adjusted R2 = .61, p < .01 for overall model). Higher scores on GAD-7 (beta = .68, p < .01) and worse self-perceived mental status (beta = .25;p < .05) were independent predictors of the lower SF36 scores (adjusted R2 = .73, p < .01 for overall model). Conclusion(s): The major MH burden of health care professionals treating infected patients during the COVID-19 pandemic indicates that they need psychological support.

20.
European Psychiatry ; 65(Supplement 1):S336-S337, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2153910

ABSTRACT

Introduction: During the COVID-19 pandemic time, teachers have to adapt to many changes that could potentially make them more vulnerable to psychological distress. Objective(s): To determine the prevalence and the factors for anxiety during the COVID-19 epidemic among the high school teachers in Sfax, Tunisia. Method(s): This was a cross-sectional study, for descriptive and analytical purposes, conducted on google drive in May 2021.We involved 97 junior and secondary school teachers from Sfax, Tunisia, practicing in public high schools. Anxiety was assessed by using Generalized Anxiety Disorder tool (GAD-7). Result(s): The average age of the participants was 44.23 years old with a sex-ratio (M/F) of 0.32. Since the advent of COVID-19, 54.2% had presented sleep disturbances while 10.4% had suicidal thoughts. Among all participants, 77.8% were afraid of the virus transmission within the classroom or the school and 81.3% reported regular mask wear at work. The median score on the GAD-7 was 6.5 (Q1=3, Q3=11). Scores' distribution indicated that 68% of the participants had no to mild symptoms of anxiety while 32% had moderate to severe anxiety. Furthermore, the presence of anxiety was associated to the female gender (p=0.01), sleep disturbances (p<0.001), suicidal thoughts (p=0.006), and to the conviction that wearing masks blocks the transmission of voice, information or emotions between teacher and student (p=0.025). Conclusion(s): During the COVID-19 outbreak, high school teachers in Sfax, Tunisia have high levels of anxiety.This can lead to a decreased effectiveness of their complex work.

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