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Clin Pharmacol Drug Dev ; 12(5): 484-492, 2023 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2323614


Asciminib, a first-in-class allosteric BCR::ABL1 inhibitor that works by Specifically Targeting the ABL Myristoyl Pocket (STAMP) is used in the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia. We describe a randomized, single-dose, open-label, four-period crossover study in healthy adult participants (N = 24) which evaluated the relative bioavailability of a single 40-mg dose of asciminib in pediatric formulation (1-mg mini-tablets) compared with the reference adult tablet under fasted conditions. Additionally, the effect of food on the bioavailability of the mini-tablet formulation was evaluated. Under fasted conditions, asciminib exposure was similar for both formulations (geometric mean [Gmean ] area under the concentration-time curve from time 0 to infinity [AUCinf ] 5970 and 5700 ng ×h/mL, respectively). Food decreased the AUCinf and maximum plasma concentration (Cmax ) of the asciminib mini-tablets; this effect was more pronounced with a high-fat meal (Gmean ratios [90% confidence interval]: fasted/low-fat meal, 0.42 [0.38-047], 0.32 [0.28-0.37], respectively; fasted/high-fat meal, 0.30 [0.27-0.34], 0.22 [0.19-0.25], respectively). The mini-tablets were assessed to be easy to ingest with good palatability. Asciminib doses for a pivotal pediatric clinical trial will be defined using physiologically based pharmacokinetic modeling, which will consider the age and the higher food effect observed with the mini-tablets.

Pyrazoles , Humans , Adult , Child , Biological Availability , Cross-Over Studies , Pyrazoles/pharmacokinetics , Tablets
Anales de la Real Academia Nacional de Farmacia ; 88(3):323-335, 2022.
Article in Spanish | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2172099
Am J Health Syst Pharm ; 2022 Oct 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2051282


DISCLAIMER: In an effort to expedite the publication of articles related to the COVID-19 pandemic, AJHP is posting these manuscripts online as soon as possible after acceptance. Accepted manuscripts have been peer-reviewed and copyedited, but are posted online before technical formatting and author proofing. These manuscripts are not the final version of record and will be replaced with the final article (formatted per AJHP style and proofed by the authors) at a later time. PURPOSE: To review the pharmacology, efficacy, safety, dosing and administration, and place in therapy of asciminib, an oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) used as a third-line treatment option for Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in chronic phase. SUMMARY: CML is a rare cancer caused by a chromosomal translocation that forms a fusion of the BCR and ABL1 genes on chromosomes 22 and 9. Until recently, patients for whom first-line treatment options failed were treated with TKIs that bind to the adenosine triphosphate-binding site on BCR-ABL1. However, because of similar mechanisms of action, there continues to be an unmet need in patients for whom at least 2 TKIs have failed or those with a T315I mutation unable to tolerate ponatinib. In October 2021, the Food and Drug Administration approved asciminib (Scemblix), the first TKI specifically targeting the ABL1 myristoyl pocket (STAMP) via allosteric binding, as a third-line option for patients with chronic-phase (CP)-CML. Asciminib received accelerated approval due to meeting its primary endpoint at week 24, demonstrating a major molecular response rate of 25.5% for patients on asciminib compared to 13.2% for those receiving bosutinib. In addition, patients on asciminib achieved a higher rate of complete cytogenetic response at 40.8% compared to a rate of 24.2% for bosutinib. Clinicians prescribing asciminib should monitor for increased levels of pancreatic enzymes, hypertension, cardiovascular toxicity including ischemic and thromboembolic conditions, and decreased numbers of neutrophils and platelets, as these may require treatment interruption, dose reduction, or treatment discontinuation. CONCLUSION: Asciminib is a unique targeted TKI that provides clinicians with an additional third-line and beyond treatment option for adults with CP-CML regardless of mutation status as well as a second TKI treatment option for patients harboring a T315I mutation.