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British Journal of Surgery ; 110(Supplement 1):i3-i4, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2188345


Introduction: The redistribution of hospital resources secondary to SARS-CoV-2(COVID19) produced a reduction and delay in surgical activity. Analysis of the management of obstructive jaundice (OI) in a reference centre during COVID19 in patients with potentially resectable periampullary tumours. Method(s): Observational study, limited to the year 2021, on the management of OI in periampullary pathology. Analysis of the different biliary drainage (BD) techniques (endoscopic/transhepatic) and the associated complications. The indication criteria for BD were: bilirubin levels >10 mg/dl, cholangitis or expectation of surgery >2 weeks from inclusion on the waiting list. Patients with criteria of unresectability or those with neoadjuvant indication were excluded from the study. Result(s): Thirty-five patients were analyzed, with an age range between 45-80 years, who were indicated to undergo a pancreaticoduodenectomy. 51% of these patients required preoperative DB. DB was performed endoscopically (ERCP) in 10 patients and by transparietohepatic approach (TPHD) in 8 patients. In endoscopic approach the majority of stents used were expandable coated metallic (eight patients). The most frequent complications associated with ERCP were cholangitis and acute cholecystitis. The most frequent complication associated with TPHD was cholangitis. Conclusion(s): Preoperative BD associates a greater number of perioperative complications. At present, there is consensus in avoiding preoperative DB, except in cases with cholangitis or hyperbilirubinemia. If DB is necessary, the endoscopic approach (ERCP) would be indicated. Coated Metal stents should be considered for patients with resectable pancreatic cancer, especially if surgery is not immediate.

British Journal of Surgery ; 109(Supplement 5):v89, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2134961


Aim: Avoiding preoperative Biliary drainage (PBD) can facilitate early curative Surgery for patients with periampullary tumours. However, The evidence over PBD is conflicting. This prospective re-audit aimed to assess compliance to NICE guidelines (NG85) and surgical outcomes at a well-established HpB Surgery unit after achieving additional theatre sessions following prior audit. Method(s): Prospective data collection and analysis for all patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy with curative intent was performed as re-audit at a tertiary pancreatic centre between September 2020 to August 2021. Result(s): 64 or 71 patients received curative pancreaticoduodenectomy (43 Kausch-Whipple & 23 pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy, 7 inoperable). of 29 patients without PBD, 10 were jaundiced with median bilirubin levels of 138 Micromole/L (range 27-357 Mmol/L). Median time (range) from diagnostic imaging to Surgery with curative intent was 21 days (3-42) for patients without PBD compared to 62 days (22-305) for those with PBD (p=0.00028). No statistically significant difference in median HDU/ITU stay (4 Vs 3 days, p=0.849), postoperative complications (C-D>2) (30% Vs 27.8%, p=0.755), RO resection rates (42.8% Vs 75%, p=0.364), and median hospital stay (17 Vs 10 days, p=0.076) was observed for patients without or with PBD respectively. Interestingly, inoperable patients had shorter time delay from diagnostic imaging to Surgery (29 Vs 49 days, p=0.010) Conclusion(s): Fast-track (expedited) pancreaticoduodenectomy is feasible and safe for selected group of jaundiced patients without PBD. The constraints and challenges posed by COVID-19 pandemic are likely reflected in higher number of patients receiving PBD (42/71) despite clear referral pathway established following prior work at our institute.

Journal of the Formosan Medical Association ; 121(9):1617-1621, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2015654