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1.
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte ; 22(3):41-47, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2025265

ABSTRACT

The study evaluates the perception of body image associated with food consumption, sedentary behavior, and practice of physical activity responses during the COVID-19 lockdown in the academic population of a Brazilian University. Four hundred fifteen students answered an online survey during 1-31 May/2020. Frequencies were used to describe the outcomes, and the Chi-square test (p< 0.05) to determine associations. A negative perception of change in body image was found in both females and males (e.g., 73% and 55%, respectively), significantly associated with a perception of an increase in food consumption, watching TV and social media (more than 2 hours), not practicing physical activity in females, and with an increase in food consumption in males. The results presented a general picture of behavioral responses during the COVID-19 pandemic of students in Brazil, suggesting that a negative perception of body image changing has been associated with health-related behaviors, especially in females © Copyright 2018: Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Murcia

2.
Behavioral Sciences ; 12(8):280, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2023183

ABSTRACT

Objective: According to sociocultural theory, media is associated with detrimental effects on body image. Due to the popularity of social networking sites (SNS) and the prevalence of body image disturbance among young women, the association between them is worth further exploration. This study examined the relationship between photo activity on SNS and body dissatisfaction (BD) and the roles of thin-ideal internalization (TII) and body appreciation (BA) in this relation. Materials and Methods: A total of 746 Chinese female undergraduate students (mean age 20.34 ± 1.47 years) completed a questionnaire measuring SNS photo activity, TII, BD, and BA. Results: (1) Photo activity on SNS was positively associated with BD (r = 0.10, p < 0.01), and TII could mediate this relation (β = 0.07, 95% CI = [0.04, 0.10]). (2) Both the direct effect of SNS photo activity on BD (β = −0.08, p < 0.05) and the mediating effect of TII (β = −0.09, p < 0.01) were moderated by BA. Specifically, these associations were more pronounced for students with lower BA. Conclusion: People exposed to ideal photos or images can shape women’s body image perception via TII, whether in the age of traditional media or the Internet, and BA did not buffer the effect of ideal photos on internalization. Our findings could provide practical suggestions for rational photo activity on SNS and the intervention for BD.

3.
7th International Conference on Communication and Electronics Systems, ICCES 2022 ; : 1263-1267, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2018802

ABSTRACT

Initially, the coronavirus infection has been diagnosed by using the Chest CT scan and x-ray images of the patients. An accurate representation of the victim's respiratory system allows the medical practitioners to detect the covid-19 infection. The first step of the proposed approach is to preprocess the image in order to eliminate any undesirable noise that may be present in medical images. Following that, the intended features are retrieved from a processed image. Finally, Transfer Learning is used to categorize the data. The CT scan based representations are separated by using a U-net simulation, and the split representation is then used to train and analyze the data by using the v3 simulator, which helps to differentiate the coronavirus infection and pneumonia infection and securely protect the resulting documents. © 2022 IEEE.

4.
Frontiers in Psychiatry ; 13, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2009911
5.
Journal of Behavioral Addictions ; 11:217, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2009743

ABSTRACT

Symposium summary: The current COVID-19 pandemic has been affecting the body image of individuals as well as their practice of physical exercise and their consumption of image-and performance-enhancing drugs (IPEDs) in an attempt to boost their appearance. This symposium will present the results of various cross-sectional studies that are part of an overarching global project aimed to study fitness habits during the COVID-19 lockdown which was carried out in eight countries (UK, Portugal, Spain, Italy, Hungary, Lithuania, Brazil, and Japan). These studies focus on: (1) Assessing the perception of body image during self-isolation;(2) Exploring the practice of exercising and related habits during self-isolation (e.g., using fitness apps or spending more time in social media);(3) Understanding whether exercise can help to cope with self-isolation;and (4) Exploring any potential use of IPEDs during self-isolation as a way to boost physical appearance. Findings have contributed to a better understanding of the effects of self-isolation on body image and the identification of related risky behaviours in the attempt to boost physical appearance, while contributing to the development of practices targeting mental and physical wellbeing in challenging times for humanity.

6.
Gut ; 71:A53-A54, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2005351

ABSTRACT

Introduction Good paediatric to adult transition of IBD care is important to prevent disengagement and poor disease outcomes. 1 The aim of this study was to qualitatively measure what is important to patients before they attended a new transitional service. There may be a dichotomy between the treating healthcare workers' priorities and teenagers' priorities that form a barrier to effective communication. Unprepared services can result in negative consequences for those involved2 and a greater understanding of what matters to teenagers and young adults may improve the clinicians' ability to facilitate the transition process Methods We asked 75 teenagers and young adults, aged between 14 and 21, who attended a new transitional service at a tertiary IBD unit in the North of England, to complete a survey prior to their clinic review. This 'what matters to you' survey included 12 suggestions they could circle, with no limitations on how many they selected, but a suggestion to choose up to 3 topics. The survey was conducted during the COVID- 19 pandemic and UK national lockdown, between September 2020 and September 2021 Conclusion Inflammatory bowel disease is a condition with potentially a high morbidity from physical symptoms, and it is important not to forget this as a focus of a consultation. Medical therapies and their effects on the patient were important to 48% of responders, and the transition process should include further education on treatment options with discussions of compliance. The impact on education and schooling feature as a significant topic and should be discussed during transition. Minimising the impact on education and employment should be considered when developing transitional services. Mental health wellbeing and body image were highly significant to a smaller number of patients and remain an important consideration. Interestingly not a single responder including the COVID-19 outbreak as a concern despite universally being on biological therapy or immunomodulators. It is important to note that whilst no patients reported 'smoking, drugs and alcohol' as important, risk-taking behaviours are increased in this patient population [3], they need to be sensitively discussed to become apparent and may be under-represented with the methodology used.

7.
J Eat Disord ; 10(1): 119, 2022 Aug 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1993390

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 has significantly disrupted the routines of school sports for adolescent athletes, which can affect their usual eating behaviors and body image. Specific pressures of individual sports (which tend to emphasize "leanness" as a means to improving performance), versus team sports (which tend to not require "leanness" for an athlete to be competitive), may further increase the risk of disordered eating (DE), eating disorders (ED), and distorted body image. An additional factor to consider is the gender of the athletes, with participation in "lean" sports associated with increased DE and body dissatisfaction for male, but not female, athletes. METHODS: Participants of the study included 124 Iranian male adolescent athletes residing in Mazandaran province (one of the most affected areas of Iran during COVID-19), who played in 1 of 6 sports (3 individual, 3 team). ED symptoms were assessed by the Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26), and body image was assessed by the Body-Esteem Scale for Adolescents and Adults (BESAA). RESULTS: The individual athlete group (n = 62) had significantly higher EAT-26 subscale scores for Bulimia and Food Preoccupation (p = 0.019), as well as significantly higher BESAA subscale scores for Appearance (p = 0.001), Weight (p = 0.001), and Attribution (p = 0.001), compared to the team athlete group (n = 62). However, there were no significant differences between the two athlete groups on the EAT-26 Dieting and Oral Control subscales. CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 presents specialized issues for adolescent athletes, particularly those at risk for, or experiencing, DE, ED, and distorted body image. While individual athletes had significantly higher scores than team athletes on most subscales, there were no differences between groups on subscales of dieting and oral control. Overall, the findings highlight the need for sport psychologists, coaches, and other sports professionals working with male adolescent athletes (individual and team) to monitor DE, ED, and distorted body image during COVID-19, in order to provide early intervention, and mitigate the risk of long-term consequences. COVID-19 has significantly disrupted the routines of school sports for adolescent athletes, which can affect their usual eating behaviors and body image. Specific pressures of individual sports (which tend to emphasize "leanness" as a means to improving performance), versus team sports (which tend to not require "leanness" for an athlete to be competitive), may further increase the risk of disordered eating (DE), eating disorders (ED), and distorted body image. An additional factor to consider is the gender of the athletes, with participation in "lean" sports associated with increased DE and body dissatisfaction for male, but not female, athletes. Participants of the study included 124 Iranian male adolescent athletes in Mazandaran province (one of the most affected areas of Iran during COVID-19), who played in 1 of 6 sports (3 individual, 3 team). The individual athlete group (62 participants) had significantly higher scores on measures of ED (Bulimia, Food Preoccupation), and body image (Appearance, Weight, Attribution), versus the team athlete group (62 participants). However, there were no significant differences between groups on other measures of ED (Dieting, Oral Control). Findings highlight the need for sport professionals working with adolescent athletes to monitor DE and body image during COVID-19 for early intervention.

8.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; 10(4):15802-15812, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1975603

ABSTRACT

Background: The opportunities and conveniences brought by the developing technology greatly reduce the workload of individuals. The restrictions occurring from the Covid pandemic also allow us to easily do all our work from home over the internet. However, this situation has caused a serious decrease in the physical activity rate of individuals. The decrease in physical activity increases the tendency for eating easily accessible and unhealthy foods, leading to a move away from healthy nutrition habits. Unhealthy nutrition, on the other hand, causes negative situations in our body, both physically and physiologically. The aim of this study is to examine whether the motivation of adolescent athletes to participate in physical activity is related to and predicted by the variables of body appreciation and attitude towards healthy nutrition.

9.
International Conference on Business and Technology , ICBT 2021 ; 495 LNNS:202-209, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1971459

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to identify the level of irrational thought and its relationship with body image among Ann-Najah National University students in light of COVID-19 pandemic, the study sample consisted of (102) students. In order to collect the data, the irrational thought Scale Al-Rihani (1985) was used and The Body Image Scale which prepared by Abdel-Nabi (2010), The results showed that the arithmetic average for the study sample on the irrational thought scale was high, and the arithmetic average for the body image scale was average grade and it shows a statistically significant positive direct correlation between irrational thought and body image. © 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

10.
Eat Behav ; 46: 101660, 2022 Aug 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1966501

ABSTRACT

Research suggests that the COVID-19 pandemic is negatively impacting mental health, with rates of eating disorder referrals in particular rising steeply during the pandemic. This study aimed to examine 8-month changes in body image and disordered eating during the COVID-19 pandemic, and explore whether any changes were moderated by gender, age, or eating disorder history. This study used a longitudinal survey design in which 587 adults living in the UK (85 % women; mean age = 32.87 years) completed assessments every two months over five timepoints from May/June 2020 to January/February 2021. Measures included body esteem, disordered eating, and psychological distress. Mixed effect models showed small but significant improvements in body esteem and disordered eating symptoms from May/June 2020 to January/February 2021. These improvements were independent of changes in psychological distress, and did not vary by gender, age or eating disorder history. Whilst poor body image and disordered eating may have been elevated in the early period of the pandemic, this study suggests improvements, rather than worsening, of these outcomes over time. This may reflect adaptation to this changing context.

11.
Brain Sci ; 12(7)2022 Jul 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1963730

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Obesity is a condition that affects humans both physically and mentally. Moreover, many psychopathological conditions can be observed in obese patients that may threaten the positive outcomes of bariatric surgery. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify the main psychopathological correlates of obese candidates for bariatric surgery, with particular attention on the relationship between psychopathology and gender. METHODS: In total, 273 candidates for bariatric surgery for obesity underwent a psychiatric evaluation using a compilation of psychometric scales: the Revised Symptom Checklist 90-R (SCL-90-R), the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q), the Binge Eating Scale (BES), the Body Uneasiness Test (BUT) and the Obesity-Related Well-Being (ORWELL 97). The sample was divided on the basis of gender and binge eating disorder (BED) severity. Comparisons between the groups were performed using an analysis of variance model (ANOVA) or a Pearson's chi-squared test. Further, we also divided our sample into a severe binge eating group (score > 27), a mild to moderate group (18 < score < 26) and a low/no symptoms group (score < 17). RESULTS: Male and female subjects showed different results for the BES, with higher scores reported among women (17.50 ± 9.59) compared to men (14.08 ± 8.64). Women also showed higher scores across most of the SCL-90-R domains and worse outcomes in terms of quality of life. Both women and men in the severe binge eating group reported higher scores for the SCL-90-R. CONCLUSION: The symptoms of BED, along with body image dissatisfaction (BID), are among the most important to investigate for candidates for bariatric surgery in order to improve the surgery outcomes. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III as the evidence came from a cohort analytic study.

12.
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development ; 13(3):298-303, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1939760

ABSTRACT

Offline learning during the Covid-19 pandemic can change adolescents’ lifestyles, including dietary patterns that have an effect on increasing body weight so that it can have an impact on negative body image perceptions. This study aimed to determine the relationship between body image perception and adolescents nutritional status in Pekanbaru City during the Covid-19 pandemic. The research design was a cross sectional study. The research sample was adolescents in Pekanbaru City with an age range of 12-25 years old, totaling 194 people. The data was obtained from the results of filling out the questionnaire independently which was distributed to sample via Google Form. Data analysis used the spearman correlation test with p value<0,05. Total samples who were satisfied with their bodies were 33,0% and dissatisfied were 67,0%. The nutritional status of sample were 4,6% very thin, 13,4% thin, 68,0% normal, 9,8% overweight, and 4,2% obesity. The results showed that there was a significant relationship between body image perception and adolescents nutritional status in Pekanbaru City during the Covid-19 pandemic (p=0,000;r=0,609). The problem of dissatisfaction with body image can make a adolescent have negative thoughts and have an impact on abnormal nutritional status. The need for a psychological approach to adolescents in increasing their confidence in their own body image.

13.
Eating Disorders Review ; 33(4):N.PAG-N.PAG, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1929166

ABSTRACT

The inclusion criteria included epidemiologic studies of patients with diagnosed EDs and reported changes in ED symptom severity (either self-reported or through medical records) before and after the lockdown. Most participants had irregular eating patterns and experienced worsened ED symptoms during the COVID-19 outbreak ( I Psychol Health Med i .2020. [Extracted from the article] Copyright of Eating Disorders Review is the property of International Association of Eating Disorders Professionals (IAEDP) and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

14.
J Eat Disord ; 10(1): 89, 2022 Jun 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1910356

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: 'Classic' embodiment illusions (e.g., the feeling of owning another person's hand) involves a three-way interaction between visual, proprioceptive, and tactile stimuli. These illusions have been studied in eating disorder (ED) populations given the potential implications for better understanding and improving body image concerns. Recently, several studies have employed 'tactile-reduced' methods mainly relying on the integration of visual and proprioceptive information to induce embodiment illusions in non-ED populations. To date, there has been no substantial review of these tactile-reduced approaches to consider their potential research and clinical utility in ED populations. METHOD: This review sought to examine and integrate studies across three areas. Firstly, those that employed tactile-reduced embodiment techniques in non-ED populations. Secondly, those that used classic embodiment techniques to compare whether ED and non-ED populations differ in their susceptibility to embodiment. Thirdly, studies that investigated whether experiencing classic or tactile-reduced embodiment techniques can improve image-related concerns. RESULTS: For the first aim five studies were identified, all of which found that tactile-reduced methods consistently induced embodiment illusions in non-ED individuals. For the second aim, seven studies comparing ED and non-ED samples were found. ED patients were more susceptible to embodiment than non-ED samples in four studies, less susceptible in one study, and equally susceptible in two studies. Finally, for aim three, amongst the seven studies that used classic or tactile-reduced embodiment methods in ED populations, six reported improvements in self-perception (i.e., reduced body size overestimation, decreased body dissatisfaction and fear of gaining weight). CONCLUSIONS: Along with the classic approach, tactile-reduced embodiment approaches have implications for ED research and clinical practice, particularly for situations when face-to-face contact with people are restricted. Suggestions are provided for future researchers who wish to ensure best practice for planning embodiment research involving classic and tactile-reduced approaches.


Embodiment illusions involve the temporary experience of owning another person's body or body parts. These illusions have been studied in people with eating disorders (EDs) as a means for (i) better understanding their self-perception issues (e.g., they tend to see their own appearance as being too big), and (ii) improving these self-perception issues (i.e., does experiencing embodiment reduce distortions involving body size?). 'Classic' embodiment illusions typically require participants to simultaneously experience visual, proprioceptive, and tactile sensory stimulation. However, COVID -19 pandemic restrictions have limited research in face-to-face settings which poses a challenge for the classic approach, mainly in relation to tactile input which would usually be provided by a researcher. A 'tactile-reduced' approach for eliciting embodiment illusions would, therefore, enable this field of research to continue, which in turn may benefit people with EDs. While several studies in non-clinical populations have demonstrated the effectiveness of a tactile-reduced approach, understanding surrounding this approach in ED populations is lacking. In this review, we offer a prospective set of suggestions regarding how tactile-reduced embodiment may be conducted with ED populations, both in terms of better understanding their (problematic) self-perception, and how such concerns may be improved.

15.
Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc ; 60(2):171-178, 2022.
Article in Spanish | PubMed | ID: covidwho-1904711

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Everything that has contact with the body is also integrated as part of the individual's body image;Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) could be integrated into body image. OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of the drawing of the human figure as a projective tool of body image in health personnel. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective longitudinal descriptive study was carried out, which consisted of the compilation and analysis of the drawing tests of the human figure performed on health personnel in the contingency of COVID-19. A descriptive analysis of the qualitative variables and an inferential analysis with McNemar's test were carried out to compare proportions between groups. RESULTS: 147 drawings in the previous context and their respective drawings in context during the contingency were included. When comparing both groups, in the pandemic context an increase in distortions or omissions was observed (p = 0.013), mainly located in the hands and arms (p < 0.001). Also, traces suggestive of isolation (p = 0.039), drawings with poor definition of the eyes (p = 0.69), inclusion of PPE (p < 0.001), and omission of the nose (p = 0.011) and mouth (p < 0.001) were observed). CONCLUSIONS: The increase in distortions or omissions may be related to reconstructing the social part. Six months after the start of the contingency, 40% of the health personnel had already incorporated the PPE into their projective drawing of body image.

16.
Front Glob Womens Health ; 3: 852854, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1902957

ABSTRACT

The present pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluated the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of a 4-week online yoga and body gratitude journaling intervention for strengthening positive embodiment among racially-diverse higher weight college women. Seventy-five participants were initially randomized to either the yoga condition (n = 36) or to a wait-list control (n = 39). Participants completed measures of positive and negative body image, weight bias internalization, self-compassion, drive for leanness, and physical activity acceptance at both baseline and post. Preliminary results among the 42 analyzed completers (mean age = 20.9, SD = 2.4; 30% Black or African American) revealed acceptable feasibility given the low-intensity nature of the intervention reflected in a 36% attrition rate. Self-reported adherence was strong for the yoga component with 81% of participants indicating that they practiced with the videos ≥3-4 times per week as suggested. Although 71% reported completing the body gratitude journal ≥1-2 times per week, daily adherence was minimal. Acceptability was also high among participants randomized to the yoga condition as indicated by 86% expressing at least moderate levels of satisfaction with the overall program. Qualitative feedback from participants further supported the acceptability of the program and pointed to important areas in further refining the protocol in the future. Preliminary efficacy was supported by significant reductions in internal body shame and gains in body appreciation, functional body appreciation, functional body satisfaction, functional body awareness, and behavioral commitment to physical activity engagement among the yoga vs. wait-list control participants. These promising findings once replicated in larger, higher-powered trials may have important implications for extending the reach and accessibility of mind-body wellness practices like yoga to benefit racially-/ethnically-diverse college women of higher weight. This research is further responsive to the growing need for efficacious remotely-delivered, and scalable behavioral health interventions in the ongoing era of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, additional research is warranted to explore ways of enhancing engagement of participants with lower levels of positive embodiment and to further incentivize the journaling component of the intervention.

17.
BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med ; 8(2): e001265, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1902030

ABSTRACT

Eating disorders are more prevalent in athletes than in the general population and may have severe consequences for sports performance and health. Identifying symptoms can be difficult in athletes because restrictive eating and slim body images are often idealised in a sports setting. The Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) and the SCOFF (Sick, Control, One stone, Fat and Food) questionnaire (SCOFF) are widely used generic instruments to identify symptoms of eating disorders. This study aimed to investigate the instruments' validity and explore eating disorder symptoms in a sample of athletes. A sample of 28 athletes (25 females) competing at a national level was interviewed based on the diagnostic criteria for eating disorders. We interviewed 18 athletes with a high score on EDE-Q and 10 with a low score. All interviews were transcribed and analysed from a general inductive approach. We identified 20 athletes with an eating disorder diagnosis, while 8 had no diagnosis. EDE-Q found 90% of the cases, while SCOFF found 94%. EDE-Q found no false-positive cases, while SCOFF found one. The qualitative results showed that most athletes reported eating concerns, restrictive eating, eating control (counting calories), weight concerns, body dissatisfaction (feeling fat and non-athletic), excessive exercise and health problems (eg, pain, fatigue). In conclusion, EDE-Q and SCOFF seem valid instruments to screen athletes' samples but may fail to find 6%-10% cases with eating disorders. Despite athletic bodies and normal body mass index, many athletes report severe eating problems and dissatisfaction with weight and body appearance. Implementation of regular screening may identify these symptoms at an early stage.

18.
Body Image ; 42: 197-204, 2022 Jun 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1894828

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has dramatically altered the experiences of pregnant people. For example, the pandemic has disrupted access to healthcare, social distancing has reduced social support, and vaccine rollout has led to safety concerns. Consistent with the Developmental Theory of Embodiment, which posits that our experiences of our bodies are influenced by social factors, studies have revealed an uptick in body dissatisfaction and disordered eating during this time. However, research on pregnant people's experiences of their body and body image during the pandemic has been largely overlooked. In this exploratory qualitative study, we aimed to broadly understand how the pandemic and quarantine have impacted the way pregnant women (N = 190) in the US and UK relate to their bodies. We used Consensual Qualitative Research-Modified (CQR-M) to analyze pregnant women's brief textual accounts of their embodied experiences during the pandemic and identified eight core domains across the dataset. Some participants reported no change in their embodied experiences, whereas others reported accounts of appearance and weight concerns, health behavior self-judgment, gratitude for isolation, body appreciation, maternal healthcare concerns, COVID health concerns, and health and safety strategies. We conclude with implications and recommendations for supporting pregnant people and their embodied well-being during health crises.

19.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(11)2022 06 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1892881

ABSTRACT

Body dissatisfaction is among the most common mental health challenges experienced by women and has been identified as a risk factor for disordered eating. Research has found that exposure to social media images depicting thin, muscular bodies, often dubbed 'fitspiration', may contribute to body dissatisfaction. Image-centred social media platforms, such as Instagram, have rising popularity among adolescents and young adults. However, little is known about the content of images produced by different fitness-related sources, such as those from fitness brands compared with individual users, and how fitness content on social media is evolving over time. This study sought to determine whether Instagram content varied between female fitness influencers and brands and how this content changed between 2019 and 2021. A longitudinal content analysis was conducted on a sample of 400 Instagram images using a coding scheme developed specifically for this project. The scheme coded images for fit ideal body depiction, fitness focus, objectification, and sexualisation. Chi-square tests indicated that female fitness influencer content was more sexualised and portrayed more of the fit ideal, while fitness brands produced more Instagram content with a fitness focus. There were no significant overall longitudinal changes for any of the four key variables. However, when looking at longitudinal changes by account type, fitness-focused influencer content increased while fitness-focused brand content decreased over time. These findings highlight discernible differences in content produced by different Instagram account types. It points future research towards the consideration of potential moderating factors, such as account type, when exploring the impact of social media images on body image and mental health.


Subject(s)
Body Dissatisfaction , Feeding and Eating Disorders , Social Media , Adolescent , Body Image/psychology , Exercise , Female , Humans , Young Adult
20.
Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine ; 53(1), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1862185

ABSTRACT

Background: As there are comparative studies between 68Ga-PSMA and 99mTc-PSMA and spectrum of PSMA expression, this is the first case report that notifies distribution of 99mTc-PSMA on COVID-19 pneumonia era on the literature. Case presentation An asymptomatic 70-Y-old male who is known case of prostate adenocarcinoma underwent initial staging. SPECT/CT of the chest region reveals bilateral peripheral multifocal ground glass opacities which shows 99mTc-PSMA uptake. Diagnosis of corona virus was confirmed by positive RT-PCR. Discussion: Unexclusive role of radiotracers in nuclear medicine has an importance for wide range of applications. Comparison between 68Ga-PSMA and 99mTc-PSMA in detection of metastatic disease in prostate cancer is also under evaluation. Conclusions: This case implicates possible role of PSMA imaging in inflammation/infection process as well as necessity for lung review in hybrid imaging especially during this recent pandemic.

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